US3561527A - Hydraulically set casing hanger apparatus and packing sleeve - Google Patents

Hydraulically set casing hanger apparatus and packing sleeve Download PDF

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US3561527A
US3561527A US3561527DA US3561527A US 3561527 A US3561527 A US 3561527A US 3561527D A US3561527D A US 3561527DA US 3561527 A US3561527 A US 3561527A
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means
mandrel
body
casing hanger
well bore
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Bobby H Nelson
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Vetco Gray Inc
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Vetco Inc
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B33/00Sealing or packing boreholes or wells
    • E21B33/02Surface sealing or packing
    • E21B33/03Well heads; Setting-up thereof
    • E21B33/04Casing heads; Suspending casings or tubings in well heads
    • E21B33/043Casing heads; Suspending casings or tubings in well heads specially adapted for underwater well heads
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B33/00Sealing or packing boreholes or wells
    • E21B2033/005Sealings characterised by their shape

Abstract

Casing hanger apparatus for hanging a well casing in a casing head beneath a body of water, in which the hanger body is locked into the casing head by the application of fluid pressure, the seal between the casing head and the hanger body also being set by fluid pressure. Such a casing hanger in which the seal includes a longitudinally undulated metal ring deformable by axial force to expand inwardly and outwardly into sealing engagement with inner and outer cylindrical walls.

Description

i United States Patent 3,335,799 8/1967 Miller inventor Bobby H. Nelson Houston, Tex.

Appl. No. 772,521

Filed Nov. 1, 1968 Patented Feb. 9, 1971 Assignee Veteo Offshore Industries, Inc.

Ventura, Calif. a corporation of California HYDRAULICALLY SET CASING HANGER APPARATUS AND PACKING SLEEVE 19 Claims, 8 Drawing Figs. US. Cl [66/86, 285/ 1 42 Int. Cl E2lb 33/04 Field of Search 166/75, 82, 83, 86-89; 285/142, 18

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,357,486 12/1967 Brown l66/88X 3,404,736 10/1968 Nelson et al 285/142X 3,460,615 8/1969 Watkins 166/87 3,468,559 9/1969 Ahlstone 166/87X Primary Examiner-David H Brown Attorney-Bernard Kriegel ABSTRACT: Casing hanger apparatus for hanging a well casing in a casing head beneath a body of water, inwhich the hanger body is locked into the casing; head by the application of fluid pressure, the seal between the casing head and the hanger body also being set by fluid pressure. Such a casing hanger in which the seal includes a longitudinally undulated metal ring deformable by axial force to expand inwardly and outwardly into sealing engagement with inner and outer cylindrical walls.

PATENTED FEB 919m 14 1a 20. lg

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Bossy H. /l/EL$0/V fir TOENE V5.

HYDRAULICALLY SET CASING HANGER APPARATUS AND PACKING SLEEVE ln the drilling of oil and gas wells at an underwater site, different casing strings are hurig to protect strata that have been drilled through from the pressures that may be required or encountered at greater depths. In many cases, a special housing is provided at or near the ocean bottom to support and seal off the casing string cemented in the well bore. With the special housing below water and a drilling rig above water, problems are encountered in supporting the casing string, circulating fluid for conditioning the well, cementing the casing string in the well bore, energizing a seal between the casing hanger and a previously set hanger or head, and, after testing the seal, removing the running tool and pipe on which the running tool is operated.

Particularly, in the case of drilling in deep water, where the pipe on which the running tool is operated must extend a substantial distance from the platform or floating vessel to the ocean floor, the application of high torque for setting conventional seals between the casing hanger and the subsurface housing or previously set casing hanger is objectionable.

Moreover, if the casing hanger is anchored in the housing or previously set casing hanger by a lock ring which is automatically engaged when the casing hanger lands in the housing or previously set hanger, the lock ring must be released in order to pull the casing hanger in the event that such pulling is necessary or desirable, say, before the cementing operation.

Accordingly, the present invention provides underwater casing hanger apparatus which is set by hydraulic pressure in locked or anchored engagement with the subsurface housing or previously set casing hanger.

The invention also provides underwater casing hanger apparatus in which the seal between the hanger body and the housing or previously set casing hanger is set by hydraulic pressure.

More particularly, the present casing hanger apparatus pro vides fluid pressure responsive piston and cylinder means for shifting anchoring means and sealing means to anchoring and sealing positions, when the casing hanger is to be anchored and sealed off, following the cementing of the casing string in the well bore, without requiring rotation of the running-in string of pipe on which the casing hanger is lowered through the water to the ocean floor and landed in the subsurface housing or previously set casing hanger.

in accomplishing the foregoing, the apparatus includes a packer or seal in the form of a sleeve or ring adapted to be deformed into sealing engagement with opposing cylindrical walls by the application of an axial force, the packer or seal comprising a longitudinally undulated deformable metal body which is deformed beyond its elastic limit when in engagement with the cylindrical walls. ln the specifically illustrated embodiment, the packer or seal may also include elastomeric material which is also deformed upon the application of a force to deform the metal body, the elastomeric material engaging the opposing cylindrical walls to insure the prevention of leakage past the metal body.

An object of the invention is to provide a rugged and effective casing hanger apparatus capable of being anchored in an underwater housing or previously set casing hanger and sealed off by fluid pressure.

Another object is to provide a packing or seal device in which a metal body is defonned inwardly and outwardly into effective sealing relation to opposing cylindrical walls.

This invention possesses many other advantages, and has other objects which may be made more clearly apparent from a consideration of several forms in which it may be embodied. Such forms are shown in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the present specification. These forms will now be described in detail for the purpose of illustrating the general principles of the invention; but it is to be understood that such detailed description is not to be taken in a limiting sense, since the scope of the invention is best defined by the appended claims.

Referring to the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a view partly in elevation, with parts broken away, and showing a casing hanger and associated apparatus installed in and in association with a well bore underlying a body of water;

FIGS. 2a and 2!) together constitute a quarter longitudinal section through casing hanger apparatus embodying the invention and landed in a surrounding hanger body or housing, the parts being illustrated in the initial condition which they occupy in lowering the apparatus from a drilling rig, FIG. 2b being a downward continuation of FIG. 20;

FIGS. 3a and 3b together constitute a quarter longitudinal section, generally similar to FlGS. 2a and 2b, but showing the hanger body anchored in the housing or previously set hanger, and the seal or packer deformed and sealing off the space between the hanger and the housing or previously set easing hanger;

H0. 4 is a transverse section taken on the line 4-4 of FIG. 217;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary longitudinal section illustrating the packed-off seal of the invention; and

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary longitudinal section illustrating a modified packed-off seal.

A typical installation of apparatus embodying the invention is illustrated somewhat diagrammatically in H0. 1 in connection with a well bore A underlying an ocean or other body of water and extending downwardly from the ocean floor F. A suitable base structure B is supported on the ocean floor and carries an outer casing C of relatively large diameter suspended from a casing hanger body or head D resting upon an outer housing seat E on the base and locked thereto by a suitable lock n'ng G. Disposed within the outer casing is an intermediate string of casing H extending down into the well bore and suspended from a suitable casing hanger body J resting upon a companion tapered seat K in the outer body. One or a stack of blowout preventers N are connected by means of a suitable connector P to the head D, such as by a hydraulic connector illustrated in the U.S. Pat. No. 3,32l,2l7, for Coupling Apparatus for Well Heads and the Like, the blowout preventers, in turn, being connected by a suitable hydraulic or other connector R to a flexible joint S, made of sections, secured to a marine conductor pipe T extending to the drilling rig, which may be located on a drilling platform or on a floating vessel or structure (not shown). Another string of easing Y is disclosed in FIG. 1 as having been supported in a hanger W locked in packed-off condition in the intermediate hanger body J.

Referring now to FIGS. 2a and 2b., the casing hanger apparatus W includes a body 10 of annular form having a lower hanger thread 11 connected to the downwardly extending casing Y. The casing hanger body 10 has a downwardly facing tapered shoulder 12 adapted to engage an upwardly facing seat 13 in the previously set hanger body .I, for example. At its upper end, the hanger body it) has an internal left-hand threaded section 14 adapted for threaded coengagement by an externally threaded flange 15 on a mandrel 16 of a running tool, generally denoted at 2. At its upper end, the mandrel 16 has an internally threaded box 17 adapted to receive the externally threaded pin end 18 of a running-in string of pipe 19 extending to the drilling rig. Extending longitudinally through the mandrel 16 is a central passage 20 adapted to communicate with the pipe string 19 and the casing Y.

Accordingly, it is apparent that the string of easing Y may be lowered through the body of water and landed in a housing or previously set casing hanger, the downwardly facing shoulder 12 of the hanger body 10 supporting the casing string Y. Thereafter, cement may be displaced downwardly through the pipe string 19 and the mandrel passage 20, and thence downwardly through the casing string Y to the bottom thereof, then upwardly through the annular space 21 between the casing Y and the hanger body J, such fluent cement then passing through longitudinal passages 22 provided in the hanger body 10 and into the space above this hanger body, as is typical in the hanging of casing strings from subsurface housings and previously set liner hangers and the cementing of casings, as herein illustrated.

However, it is desired that the hanger body be anchored in the body J and that the running tool Z be disconnected from the hanger body 10, as well as that the space between the hanger body 10 and the body .1 be sealed off. Accordingly, the present invention provides anchor means, generally denoted at 23, for anchoring the hanger body 10 within the body J; actuator means, generally denoted at 24, for effecting operation of the anchoring means 23; and seal means, generally denoted at 25, for effecting a seal between the hanger body 10 and the body .1 and also operable by the actuator means 24.

The mandrel 16 of the running tool Z, at a location spaced above the flange 15, is provided with a lower annular piston 26 projecting outwardly therefrom. Spaced above the annular piston 26 is an upper annular piston 27, which is threaded as at 27a, or otherwise suitably connected, to the mandrel '16. A loading or cylinder sleeve 28 is reciprocably disposed about the piston 27 and the piston 26, suitable side seal rings 29 and 30 being provided, respectively, between the piston 27 and the piston 26 and internal, axially spaced cylindrical walls 31 and 32 of the loading sleeve 28. internally of and integral with the loading sleeve 28 is an internal annular cylinder head 33 having a sealing ring 34 adapted for sealing engagement with external cylindrical wall 35 of the tool mandrel 16. This annular head 33 is disposed between the lower piston 26 and the upper pimon 27 on the mandrel 16 and divides the annular space 36 between the mandrel and the loading sleeve 28 into a lower annular pressure chamber 37 below the cylinder head 33 and an upper pressure chamber 38 above the cylinder head 33.

The tool mandrel 16 is provided with lower annular ports 39 leading from the passage through the mandrel into the lower chamber 37, the mandrel also being provided with upper ports 41) leading from the mandrel passage 20 into the upper chamber 38.

Means are provided for normally closing the lower ports 39 and the upper ports 48 to prevent fluid communication between the mandrel passage 20 and either of the chambers 37 or 38. In the illustrative embodiment, this means comprises a sleeve 41 disposed in the mandrel passage 20 and seating on a lower mandrel shoulder 412 provided within the mandrel passage 20, The sleeve 41 spans both the lower and upper ports 39 and 40, and is provided with suitable side seal rings 43 and 44 spaced above and below the ports 40 and another side seal ring 415 spaced below the lower ports 39. At its upper end, the sleeve 41 has an internal channel or groove 46 providing an inwardly projecting flange 47 adapted to be engaged by a suitable tool (not shown) for engaging the flange 47 and moving the sleeve 41 axially upwardly so as to uncover the ports 39 and 40 during use of the apparatus, as will be hereinafter described, the sleeve 41 being elevated through the pipe 19 to the drilling rig.

At its lower end, the loading sleeve 28 supports the seal means 25. More particularly, the seal means includes a support collar or ring 50, which is detachably secured at its upper end to a reduced diameter end portion 51 on the lower end of the loading sleeve 28, as by means of a suitable number of circumferentially spaced shear pins 52. At its upper end 53, the' thrust ring 50 is spaced downwardly from a downwardly facing shoulder 54 on the loading sleeve 28, so as to allow downward movement of the loading sleeve 28 relative to the support ring 511 when it is desired that the pins 52 be sheared during use of the apparatus.

Below the support ring 511, the seal means 25 includes deformable seal means 55, including a longitudinally undulated or waved metallic sealing ring section 56, which is integral in the illustrative embodiment with the support sleeve 50, and has at least one inner annular crest 56a and at least one ouiier annular crest 56b. Molded about the undulated sleeve section ss is an annular body of rubber or rubberlike, elastomeric material 57, the sleeve section 56 having lateral holes of openings 58 through which the rubber body extends to assist in uniting the rubber with the sleeve section 56.

At its lower end, the undulated sleeve section 56 has the locking means 23 thereon, including a series of downwardly extended circumferentially spaced deformable lock fingers 59. As seen in FIG. 4, these fingers 59 are of such extent on cumferentially as to be readily flexed outwardly and are insuch number as to positively anchor the casing hanger body 10 against the hanger body seat 13 and to the hanger body J. as well as to anchor the sealing means 25 against displacement after actuation of the seal means and the anchor means, as will hereinafter be described, whereby to effect outward expansion of the lock fingers 59 into an annular channel or internal groove 60 formed within the body 1. This groove 60 has an outer downwardly and outwardly flaring wall 6l-and a lower substantially horizontal wall 63 which, in the illustrative embodiment, is slightly downwardly and inwardlyinclined from a true horizontal plane.

When the casing hanger assembly, includingthe running tool 2, are to be conditioned to be run into the body J. the seal sleeve 41 will be in place in the mandrel bore 20, closing theparts 39 and 40; and the lower chamber 37 may be pressurized by the application of oil or other fluid thereto under pressure, so as to hold the internal cylinder head 33 of the loading sleeve 28 in an upper position substantially in engagement with the upper piston 27. Such fluid pressure may be applied through a port 37a in the sleeve 28 leading'into the chamber 37 from the outside of the loading sleeve 28, and, when the cylinder head 33 is in abutting engagement with the upper piston 27, this port 37a may be closed by a suitable plug 37!) which is threaded into an internally threaded bore 370 of the ports 37a in the loading sleeve 28; Another port 38 a leads into the pressure chamber 38 from the outside of the loading sleeve 28 and is adapted to be closed by a plug 38b which is threadedly engaged in a threaded bore 38c in the loading sleeve 28. This port 380 allows the bleeding off of any fluid from within the chamber 38 when the tool assembly is being.

conditioned for running by applying pressure into the chamber 37, whereupon the plug 38b may be installed to close off the chamber 38 from the escape of fluid outwardly from the loading sleeve 28.

Following landing of the hanger body 10 on the shoulder 13' of the body J and cementing of the casing Y in place, as hereinafter described, the sleeve 41 will be pulled from the mandrel passage 20 by a suitable recovery tool, as is well known in the oil well equipment field, and will be recovered from the upper end of the drill pipe 19.

Thereafter, a loading dart, generally denoted at in H6. 3a, will be lowered through the drill string 19, or dropped therethrough, so as to land upon the internal shoulder 42 within the mandrel passage 20. This dart 70 includes an elongate body 71 having a lower cylindrical section 72 provided with a side seal ring 73 adapted to sealingly engage within the mandrel passage 20 below the lower ports 39. The dart body 71 also has an upper cylindrical section 74 provided with side seal rings 75 adapted for sealing engagement within the bore 20 of the mandrel 16 above and below the upper ports 40. The dart body 71, in its lower end section 72, has a transverse passage or passages 76, which communicates with the ports 39 and with a downwardly opening central passage 78 leading into the mandrel bore 20 at the bottom of the dart 70. The upper cylindrical section 74 of the dart 70 has a suitable number of radial passages or ports 79 communicating with the ports 40 and with a like number of upwardly extending passages 80 which open upwardly into the mandrel bore 20'. At its upper end, the body 71 of the dart 70 has a fishing neck 81 provided with an enlarged head 82, which has a downwardly facing shoulder 83, whereby the dart 70' may be engaged by a suitable fishing tool (not shown) and pulled from the mandrel passage 20 upwardly through the drill pipe 19, when desired.

With the dart 70 in place, as shown in FIG. 3a, the lower chamber 36 between the piston 26 on the mandrel l6 and the internal cylinder head 33 of the loading sleeve 28 may exhaust plied to the chamber 38 through the ports 80, 79 and 40, so as to apply fluid pressure to the head 33 to force the loading sleeve 28 downwardly, the liquid in the lower chamber 36 exhausting through the passages 39, 76, 78. Such downward movement of the loading sleeve 28 will cause corresponding downward movement of the seal support ring 50 and the deformable seal means 55 carried thereby, causing engagement of the deformable metal lock fingers S9 with an inclined or conical expander surface 59a of the portion of the hanger body 10 providing the supporting shoulder I2, which will effect outward expansion and deflection of the lock fingers 59 into the channel 60 of the body J. The application of further and increased pressure in the chamber 38 will shear the pin 52 and contact the shoulders 54, 53, further downward movement of the support ring 50, following outward deflection or deformation of the lock fingers 59, causing foreshortening of the undulated sleeve section 56 and movement of its crests toward the walls 10a, 10b of the hanger bodies 10 and .l, and deformation of the elastomeric body 57 into tight sealing contact with the opposing cylindrical walls 10a and 10b of the hanger body I0 and the outer hanger body .l

The lock fingers 59 and the undulated sleeve portion 56 of the seal means 55 may be composed of mild steel or other malleable material, which, when expanded as illustrated in FIG. 3b, for example, will be deformed beyond their elastic limit and will retain their deformed shape. Thus, the undulated section 56 of the seal means 55 will be so deformed so as to effect virtual metal-to-metal contact between the inner crests 56a and the outer crests 56b of the undulated sleeve section 56. Under these circumstances, the elastomeric material 57 will fill the spaces between the undulations to assist in the prevention of leakage. A slight thickness of elastomeric material might be trapped between the crests 56a, 56b and the cylinder walls 10a, 10b.

The sealing relation between the inner crests 56a and the outer crests 56b of the undulated seal sleeve section 56 is more particularly illustrated in FIG. 5, in which the elastomeric material 57 is also shown as being caused to extrude into and fill the spaces between the adjacent undulations.

As seen in FIG. 6, a modified seal construction is illustrated in which an undulated seal sleeve section 156 is illustrated, having at least one inner crest 156a and at least one outer crest l56b deformed, in response to axial compressive force applied thereto, into tight sealing engagement with the opposing cylindrical walls 100 and 10b. The undulations or corrugations in either of the seal sleeves 56 or 156 are circumferentially continuous, so that the inner crests 56a or 156a and the outer crests 56b or 156b, as the case may be, will effect circurnferentially continuous inner and outer sealing engagement with the opposed cylindrical walls.

In the use of the apparatus, the casing hanger assembly, with the loading sleeve 28 in the upper position of FIGS. and 2b and with the sealing sleeve 41 in place, is connected to the threaded pin 18 of the drill pipe 19, so as to be lowered through the body of water into seating engagement with the shoulder 13 in the previously set hanger body or casing J. Thereafter, a circulating fluid may be displaced downwardly through the drill pipe 19, passing through the mandrel passage 20 and downwardly into the casing Y, thence upwardly through the annulus 21 and then flowing through the ports 22 of the hanger body 10, upwardly through the seal means 25 into a space between the mandrel 16 and the loading sleeve 28. Below the piston 26 on the mandrel l6, circulating fluid will pass through parts 28a externally of the loading sleeve 28 and thence may flow upwardly into the space between the loading sleeve 28 and the casing hanger body J.

Following the circulation of suitable well conditioning fluid for the desired period of time, a quantity of pumpable cement slurry may be displaced downwardly through the pipe 19 behind the circulating fluid and may follow a similar course until the quantity of cement slurry has been displaced to fill or substantially fill the annulus 2l. Thereafter, a suitable recovery tool will be run into the pipe I9 and engaged with the flange 47 of the seal sleeve 41, and the seal sleeve 4I recovered. The dart 70 will then be dropped into the pipe I9, or, if necessary, run into a seated position within the mandrel I6 so as to allow the application of fluid pressure to the 'upper pressure chamber 38 and the exhaust of the lower chamber 36. In response to the application of such fluid pressure in the upper chamber 38. the loading sleeve 28 will be forced downwardly, moving the seal means 25 and the: anchor means 23 downwardly, effecting the outward deformation of the lock fingers 59, as previously described, and also effecting axial and circumferential deformation of the metallic undulated seal ring 56 and the elastic body 57, if the seal ring includes such elastomeric material, the shear pins 52 being disrupted prior to application of maximum pressure to the cylinders 28, 33 in effecting a leak-proof seal. The application of appropriate fluid pressure in the chamber 38 will complete expansion of the sealing means 25 and locking of the fingers 59 in the groove 60, whereupon the entire running tool Z will be free for recovery from the hanger body I0.

In order to recover the running tool Z, the running string of pipe will be rotated to the right to disconnect the left-hand threaded connection between the flange 15 of the tool mandrel I6 and the internally threaded section 14 of the hanger body 10. When the left-hand thread is disconnected. upward movement of the running string 19 will move the tool mandrel l6 upwardly until the piston 26 thereon engages the head 33 of the loading sleeve 28 to lift the latter, permitting the entire assembly to be moved upwardly from the casing head or hanger body 1, minus the hanger body I0, and the packed-off and anchored seal means 25. Prior to elevating the running tool Z, it is desirable to remove the dart 70 from the mandrel I6 to permit the fluid in the drill pipe 19 to drain during its elevation to the drilling rig.

Iclaim:

1. In well bore casing apparatus for supporting an inner string of casing in an outer string of easing supported by an outer casing hanger providing a seat: an inner casing hanger body including a body portion engageable with said seat, a mandrel adapted to be connected to a running string of pipe, means relcasably connecting said mandrel to said body, seal means shiftably carried by said mandrel for movement longitudinally of said mandrel from a first position to a second position in sealing engagement with said body and said outer casing hanger, and actuator means shiftable longitudinally of said mandrel for moving said seal means to said second position, said seal means including an axially deformable metallic ring of axially undulate form having inner and outer annular portions respectively inwardly and outwardly deformable into sealing relation with said body and said outer casing hanger upon axial deformation of said ring u'pon movement of said seal means to said second position.

2. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim I; said seal means further comprising an annular body of elastomeric material in which said ring is embedded.

3. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 1; and means for shifting said actuator means including piston and cylinder means on said mandrel and said actuator means defining a pressure chamber, and means for applying fluid pressure to said chamber to move said actuator means.

4. 'In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim I; anchor means movable on said mandrel by said actuator means and engageable with said outer casing hanger.

5. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim I; anchor means movable on said mandrel by said actuator means and engageable with said outer casing hanger, said anchor means being connected to said seal means and movable therewith.

6. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim I; anchor means engageable with said outer casing hanger body responsive to movement of said actuator means longitudinally of said mandrel, said anchor means having a plurality of circumferentially spaced longitudinally extended lock fingers, said outer casing hanger having a recess for receiving said fingers, andsaid inner casing hanger body having means for deforming said fingers outwardly into said recess upon movement of said actuator means,

7. ln well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim I; anchor means engageable with said outer casing hanger body responsive to movement of said actuator means longitudinally of said mandrel, said anchor means having a plurality of circumferentially spaced longitudinally extended lock fingers, said outer casing hanger having a recess for receiving the ends of said fingers, and said mandrel having means for deforming said fingers outwardly into said recess upon movement of said actuator means, and including means connecting said anchor means to said actuator means and releasable following outward deformation of said lock fingers to disconnect said actuator means from said anchor means, means connecting said mandrel to said body and releasably to disconnect said mandrel from said body, t

8. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim I; anchor means engageable with said outer casing hanger responsive to movement of said actuator means longitudinally of said mandrel, and means releasably connecting said mandrel to said anchor means and releasable following engagement of said anchor means with said outer casing hanger.

9. In well bore easing apparatus as defined in claim 8; said means releasably connecting said mandrel to said anchor n cans including shear pins.

10. In well bore casing apparatus for supporting an inner string of casing in an outer string of easing supported by an outer casing hanger providing a seat: an inner casing hanger body including a body portion engageable with said seat, a mandrel adapted to be connected to a running string of pipe, means releasably connecting said mandrel to said body, anchor means shiftably carried by said mandrel for movement longitudinally of said mandrel from a retracted position to an expanded position locked to the outer casinghanger, said anchor means comprising a plurality of circumferentially spaced longitudinally extending lock fingers, said outer casing hanger having a recess for receiving said fingers, said inner casing hanger body having means engaged by said fingers upon longitudinal movement of said anchor means for expanding said fingers outwardly into said recess, and means for shifting said anchor means longitudinally of said mandrel.

ill. In apparatus as defined in claim 10; said shifting means including piston and cylinder means on said mandrel defining a pressure chamber, and means for applying fluid pressure to said chamber to longitudinally shift said anchor means.

12. In well bore casing apparatus for supporting an inner string of casing in an outer string of easing supported by an outer casing hanger providing a seat: an inner casing hanger body including a body portion engageable with said seat, said outer casing hanger and said body having opposing walls forming an annular space, said body portion having passage means leading between said annular space and the space between said outer and inner casings, a mandrel adapted to be connected to a running string of pipe and having a central passage therethrough, a loading sleeve longitudinally shiftable on said mandrel, seal means and anchor means operable by said loading sleeve and respectively movable from first positions to second positions forming a seal in said annular space and anchoring said body in said outer casing hanger, and fluid pressure operated means for moving said loading sleeve longitudinally of said mandrel to move said seal means and said anchor means from said first positions to said second positions.

13. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim [2; means releasably connecting said seal means and said anchor means to said loading sleeve and releasable following movement of said seal means and said anchor means to said second positions, and means releasably connecting said mandrel to said body and releasable following relcase of said seal means and said anchor means from said loading sleeve.

14. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said seal means including an axially deformable metallic ring ofaxially undulate form having inner and outer annular portions respectively inwardly and outwardly deformable into sealing relation with said opposing walls upon axial deformation of said ring.

15. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said seal means including an axially deformable metallic ring of axially undulate form having inner and outer annular portions respectively inwardly and outwardly deformable into scaling relation with said opposing walls upon axial deformation of said ring, and an annular body of elastomcric material in which said ring is embedded and deformable therewith into sealing engagement with said opposing walls.

16. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said seal means including an axially deformable metallic ring of axially undulate form having inner and outer annular portions respectively inwardly and outwardly deformable into sealing relation with said opposing walls upon axial deformation of said ring, and said anchor means including a plurality of circumferentially spaced laterally deformable lock fingers depending from said ring, said body having a wedge portion engageable by said fingers upon movement of said anchor means to said second position for deforming said fingers outwardly,

and said outer casing hanger havinga lock finger receiving recess.

17. In well bore easing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said fluid pressure operated means including means providing a pressure chamber between said mandrel and said loading sleeve, a port leading between said mandrel passage and said chamber, and means for closing said port.

18. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said fluid pressure operated means including means providing a pressure chamber between said mandrel and said loading sleeve, a port leading between said mandrel passage andsaidchamber, and means for closing said port comprising a sleeve removably disposed in said body passage and having means engageable by a fishing tool for effecting removal of said sleeve and opening .of said port for admission of pressure from said mandrel passage to said chamber to move said loading sleeve along said mandrel in one direction.

19. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said fluid pressure operated means including means providing upper and lower pressure chambers between said mandrel and said loading sleeve, upper and lower ports leading between said mandrel passage and said upper and lower pressure chambers, means in said mandrel for closing said ports and removable from said mandrel passage to open said ports, said lower chamber having fluid therein when said lower port is closed to hold said loading sleeve against movement on said mandrel, and means movable in said mandrel passage for forming a seal between said ports and providing an inlet from said mandrel passage to said upper chamber and an outlet from saidlower chamber to said mandrel passage, whereby pressure supplied to said upper pressure chamber will effect movement of said loading sleeve along said mandrel.

Claims (19)

1. In well bore casing apparatus for supporting an inner string of casing in an outer string of casing supported by an outer casing hanger providing a seat: an inner casing hanger body including a body portion engageable with said seat, a mandrel adapted to be connected to a running string of pipe, means releasably connecting said mandrel to said body, seal means shiftably carried by said mandrel for movement longitudinally of said mandrel from a first position to a second position in sealing engagement with said body and said outer casing hanger, and actuator means shiftable longitudinally of said mandrel for moving said seal means to said second position, said seal means including an axially deformable metallic ring of axially undulate form having inner and outer annular portions respectively inwardly and outwardly deformable into sealing relation with said body and said outer casing hanger upon axial deformation of said ring upon movement of said seal means to said second position.
2. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 1; said seal means further comprising an annular body of elastomeric material in which said ring is embedded.
3. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 1; and means for shifting said actuator means including piston and cylinder means on said mandrel and said actuator means defining a pressure chamber, and means for applying fluid pressure to said chamber to move said actuator means.
4. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 1; anchor means movable on said mandrel by said actuator means and engageable with said outer casing hanger.
5. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 1; anchor means movable on said mandrel by said actuator means and engageable with said outer casing hanger, said anchor means being connected to said seal means and movable therewith.
6. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 1; anchor means engageable with said outer casing hanger body responsive to movement of said actuator means longitudinally of said mandrel, said anchor means having a plurality of circumferentially spaced longitudinally extended lock fingers, said outer casing hanger having a recess for receiving said fingers, and said inner casing hanger body having means for deforming said fingers outwardly into said recess upon movement of said actuator means.
7. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 1; anchor means engageable with said outer casing hanger body responsive to movement of said actuator means longitudinally of said mandrel, said anchor means having a plurality of circumferentially spaced longitudinally extended lock fingers, said outer casing hanger having a recess for receiving the ends of said fingers, and said mandrel having means for deforming said fingers outwardly into said recess upon movement of said actuator means, and including means connecting said anchor means to said actuator means and releasable following outward deformation of said lock fingers to disconnect said actuator means from said anchor means, means connecting said mandrel to said body and releasably to disconnect said mandrel from said body.
8. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 1; anchor means engageable with said outer casing hanger responsive to movement of said actuator means longitudinally of said mandrel, and means releasably connecting said mandrel to said anchor means and releasable following engagement of said anchor means with said outer casing hanger.
9. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 8; said means releasably connecting said mandrel to said anchor means including shear pins.
10. In well bore casing apparatus for supporting an inner string of casing in an outer string of casing supported by an outer casing hanger providing a seat: an inner casing hanger body including a body portion engageable with said seat, a mandrel adapted to be connected to a running string of pipe, means releasably connecting said mandrel to said body, anchor means shiftably carried by said mandrel for movement longitudinally of said mandrel from a retracted position to an expanded position locked to the outer casing hanger, said anchor means comprising a plurality of circumferentially spaced longitudinally extending lock fingers, said outer casing hanger having a recess for receiving said fingers, said inner casing hanger body having means engaged by said fingers upon longitudinal movement of said anchor means for expanding said fingers outwardly into said recess, and means for shifting said anchor means longitudinally of said mandrel.
11. In apparatus as defined in claim 10; said shifting means including piston and cylinder means on said mandrel defining a pressure chamber, and means for applying fluid pressure to said chamber to longitudinally shift said anchor means.
12. In well bore casing apparatus for supporting an inner string of casing in an outer string of casing supported by an outer casing hanger providing a seat: an inner casing hanger body including a body portion engageable with said seat, said outer casing hanger and said body having opposing walls forming an annular space, said body portion having passage means leading between said annular space and the space between said outer and inner casings, a mandrel adapted to be connected to a running string of pipe and having a central passage therethrough, a loading sleeve longitudinally shiftable on said mandrel, seal means and anchor means operable by said loading sleeve and respectively movable from first positions to second positions forming a seal in said annular space and anchoring said body in said outer casing hanger, and fluid pressure operated means for moving said loading sleeve longitudinally of said mandrel to move said seal means and said anchor means from said first positions to said second positions.
13. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; means releasably connecting said seal means and said anchor means to said loading sleeve and releasable following movement of said seal means and said anchor means to said second positions, and means releasably connecting said mandrel to said body and releasable following release of said seal means and said anchor means from said loading sleeve.
14. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said seal means including an axially deformable metallic ring of axially undulate form having inner and outer annular portions respectively inwardly and outwardly deformable into sealing relation with said opposing walls upon axial deformation of said ring.
15. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said seal means including an axially deformable metallic ring of axially undulate form having inner and outer annular portions respectively inwardly and outwardly deformable into sealing relation with said opposing walls upon axial deformation of said ring, and an annular body of elastomeric material in which said ring is embedded and deformable therewith into sealing engagement with said opposing walls.
16. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said seal means including an axially deformable metallic ring of axially undulate form having inner and outer annular portions respectively inwardly and outwardly deformable into sealing relation with said opposing walls upon axial deformation of said ring, and said anchor means including a plurality of circumferentiAlly spaced laterally deformable lock fingers depending from said ring, said body having a wedge portion engageable by said fingers upon movement of said anchor means to said second position for deforming said fingers outwardly, and said outer casing hanger having a lock finger receiving recess.
17. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said fluid pressure operated means including means providing a pressure chamber between said mandrel and said loading sleeve, a port leading between said mandrel passage and said chamber, and means for closing said port.
18. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said fluid pressure operated means including means providing a pressure chamber between said mandrel and said loading sleeve, a port leading between said mandrel passage and said chamber, and means for closing said port comprising a sleeve removably disposed in said body passage and having means engageable by a fishing tool for effecting removal of said sleeve and opening of said port for admission of pressure from said mandrel passage to said chamber to move said loading sleeve along said mandrel in one direction.
19. In well bore casing apparatus as defined in claim 12; said fluid pressure operated means including means providing upper and lower pressure chambers between said mandrel and said loading sleeve, upper and lower ports leading between said mandrel passage and said upper and lower pressure chambers, means in said mandrel for closing said ports and removable from said mandrel passage to open said ports, said lower chamber having fluid therein when said lower port is closed to hold said loading sleeve against movement on said mandrel, and means movable in said mandrel passage for forming a seal between said ports and providing an inlet from said mandrel passage to said upper chamber and an outlet from said lower chamber to said mandrel passage, whereby pressure supplied to said upper pressure chamber will effect movement of said loading sleeve along said mandrel.
US3561527A 1968-11-01 1968-11-01 Hydraulically set casing hanger apparatus and packing sleeve Expired - Lifetime US3561527A (en)

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US (1) US3561527A (en)
JP (1) JPS496962B1 (en)
DE (1) DE1945793A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2022338A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1252505A (en)

Cited By (18)

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US3837684A (en) * 1972-10-30 1974-09-24 Vetco Offshore Ind Inc Subsea casing hanger pack-off apparatus and method
US4597448A (en) * 1982-02-16 1986-07-01 Smith International, Inc. Subsea wellhead system
FR2581125A1 (en) * 1985-04-26 1986-10-31 Vetco Offshore Ind Inc Closure and sealing device an annular space, and this shutter METHOD OF PREPARATION
FR2603652A1 (en) * 1985-05-02 1988-03-11 Dril Quip Inc wellhead equipment
EP0289104A2 (en) * 1987-04-30 1988-11-02 Cooper Industries Inc. Annular wellhead seal
US4815770A (en) * 1987-09-04 1989-03-28 Cameron Iron Works Usa, Inc. Subsea casing hanger packoff assembly
US4823871A (en) * 1988-02-24 1989-04-25 Cameron Iron Works Usa, Inc. Hanger and seal assembly
EP0316071A2 (en) * 1987-11-11 1989-05-17 Cooper Industries Inc. Wellhead structure
US4869319A (en) * 1987-11-11 1989-09-26 Cameron Iron Works Usa, Inc. Wellhead structure
US4900067A (en) * 1985-04-26 1990-02-13 Vetco Gray Inc. Retrievable packoff with an embedded flexible, metallic band
US4962952A (en) * 1989-03-29 1990-10-16 Vetco Gray Inc. Pressure tube with deflecting section
US5022472A (en) * 1989-11-14 1991-06-11 Masx Energy Services Group, Inc. Hydraulic clamp for rotary drilling head
US20110240307A1 (en) * 2008-03-28 2011-10-06 Cameron International Corporation Wellhead Hanger Shoulder
US20130056218A1 (en) * 2010-03-02 2013-03-07 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Riserless single trip hanger and packoff running tool
CN103147713A (en) * 2011-12-06 2013-06-12 韦特柯格雷公司 Seal with bellows style nose ring and radially drivable lock rings
US20130248196A1 (en) * 2012-03-23 2013-09-26 Vetco Gray Inc. High-capacity single-trip lockdown bushing and a method to operate the same
US20150300122A1 (en) * 2011-09-19 2015-10-22 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Axially compressed and radially pressed seal
US9945201B2 (en) * 2015-04-07 2018-04-17 Ge Oil & Gas Pressure Control Lp Corrugated energizing ring for use with a split lockdown ring

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JPS5086853A (en) * 1973-12-07 1975-07-12
US4381868A (en) * 1981-07-24 1983-05-03 Cameron Iron Works, Inc. Pressure-actuated wellhead sealing assembly

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US3460615A (en) * 1967-10-09 1969-08-12 Regan Forge & Eng Co Circulating casing hanger and running tool apparatus
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US3357486A (en) * 1965-06-22 1967-12-12 Atlantic Richfield Co Well casing hanger
US3468559A (en) * 1965-10-23 1969-09-23 Ventura Tool Co Hydraulically actuated casing hanger
US3404736A (en) * 1967-02-17 1968-10-08 Cameron Iron Works Inc Apparatus for use in suspending casing from a wellhead
US3460615A (en) * 1967-10-09 1969-08-12 Regan Forge & Eng Co Circulating casing hanger and running tool apparatus

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3837684A (en) * 1972-10-30 1974-09-24 Vetco Offshore Ind Inc Subsea casing hanger pack-off apparatus and method
US4597448A (en) * 1982-02-16 1986-07-01 Smith International, Inc. Subsea wellhead system
US4615544A (en) * 1982-02-16 1986-10-07 Smith International, Inc. Subsea wellhead system
FR2581125A1 (en) * 1985-04-26 1986-10-31 Vetco Offshore Ind Inc Closure and sealing device an annular space, and this shutter METHOD OF PREPARATION
US4900067A (en) * 1985-04-26 1990-02-13 Vetco Gray Inc. Retrievable packoff with an embedded flexible, metallic band
FR2603652A1 (en) * 1985-05-02 1988-03-11 Dril Quip Inc wellhead equipment
US4757860A (en) * 1985-05-02 1988-07-19 Dril-Quip, Inc. Wellhead equipment
EP0289104A2 (en) * 1987-04-30 1988-11-02 Cooper Industries Inc. Annular wellhead seal
EP0289104A3 (en) * 1987-04-30 1989-05-31 Cameron Iron Works Usa, Inc. Annular wellhead seal
US4815770A (en) * 1987-09-04 1989-03-28 Cameron Iron Works Usa, Inc. Subsea casing hanger packoff assembly
EP0316071A2 (en) * 1987-11-11 1989-05-17 Cooper Industries Inc. Wellhead structure
US4869319A (en) * 1987-11-11 1989-09-26 Cameron Iron Works Usa, Inc. Wellhead structure
EP0316071A3 (en) * 1987-11-11 1989-12-20 Cameron Iron Works Usa, Inc. (A Delaware Corp.) Wellhead structure and method of assembling same
EP0510778A1 (en) * 1987-11-11 1992-10-28 Cooper Cameron Corporation Wellhead structure
US4823871A (en) * 1988-02-24 1989-04-25 Cameron Iron Works Usa, Inc. Hanger and seal assembly
US4962952A (en) * 1989-03-29 1990-10-16 Vetco Gray Inc. Pressure tube with deflecting section
US5022472A (en) * 1989-11-14 1991-06-11 Masx Energy Services Group, Inc. Hydraulic clamp for rotary drilling head
US20110240307A1 (en) * 2008-03-28 2011-10-06 Cameron International Corporation Wellhead Hanger Shoulder
US8851182B2 (en) * 2008-03-28 2014-10-07 Cameron International Corporation Wellhead hanger shoulder
US20130056218A1 (en) * 2010-03-02 2013-03-07 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Riserless single trip hanger and packoff running tool
US9217307B2 (en) * 2010-03-02 2015-12-22 Fmc Technologies, Inc. Riserless single trip hanger and packoff running tool
US9617823B2 (en) * 2011-09-19 2017-04-11 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Axially compressed and radially pressed seal
US20150300122A1 (en) * 2011-09-19 2015-10-22 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Axially compressed and radially pressed seal
CN103147713A (en) * 2011-12-06 2013-06-12 韦特柯格雷公司 Seal with bellows style nose ring and radially drivable lock rings
US20130248196A1 (en) * 2012-03-23 2013-09-26 Vetco Gray Inc. High-capacity single-trip lockdown bushing and a method to operate the same
US9376881B2 (en) * 2012-03-23 2016-06-28 Vetco Gray Inc. High-capacity single-trip lockdown bushing and a method to operate the same
US9945201B2 (en) * 2015-04-07 2018-04-17 Ge Oil & Gas Pressure Control Lp Corrugated energizing ring for use with a split lockdown ring

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE1945793A1 (en) 1970-05-06 application
JPS496962B1 (en) 1974-02-18 grant
FR2022338A1 (en) 1970-07-31 application
GB1252505A (en) 1971-11-03 application

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Legal Events

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AS Assignment

Owner name: VETCO OFFSHORE, INC. 5740 RALSTON ST.VENTURA,CA.93

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:VETCO INC.;REEL/FRAME:004056/0858

Effective date: 19820922

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Owner name: VETCO OFFSHORE INDUSTRIES, INC., 7135 ARDMORE ROAD

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Effective date: 19861124

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Owner name: VETCO GRAY INC.,

Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:GRAY TOOL COMPANY, A TX. CORP. (INTO);VETCO OFFSHORE INDUSTRIES, INC., A CORP. (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:004748/0332

Effective date: 19861217