US3541751A - Method and apparatus for packaging a plurality of articles in predetermined arrangement - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for packaging a plurality of articles in predetermined arrangement Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3541751A
US3541751A US3541751DA US3541751A US 3541751 A US3541751 A US 3541751A US 3541751D A US3541751D A US 3541751DA US 3541751 A US3541751 A US 3541751A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
articles
cans
packaging
package
station
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Fred H Quebe
Fritz Quebe
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Illinois Tool Works Inc
Original Assignee
Illinois Tool Works Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Illinois Tool Works Inc filed Critical Illinois Tool Works Inc
Priority to US76051668A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3541751A publication Critical patent/US3541751A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/56Orientating, i.e. changing the attitude of, articles, e.g. of non-uniform cross-section
    • B65B35/58Turning articles by positively-acting means, e.g. to present labelled portions in uppermost position
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B17/00Other machines, apparatus, or methods for packaging articles or materials
    • B65B17/02Joining articles, e.g. cans, directly to each other for convenience of storage, transport, or handling

Description

Nov. 24, 1970 QUEBE 3,541,751
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PACKAGING A PLURALITY 01 ARTICLES IN PREDETERMINED ARRANGEMENT Filed Sept. 18, 1968 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Wily Wily Nov. 24, 1970 F- a. QUEBE ET AL 3,541,751
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PACKAGING A PLURALITY OF ARTICLES IN PREDETERMINED ARRANGEMENT 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 18, 1968 J rwmzm OZYM 3,541,751 US FOR PACKAGING A PLURALITY ow ARTICLES T N m L Aw N U A R R EA mm um m m ME Fm R P T AN RI A P P A D N A mm 1E M 4 2 o N 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Sept. 18, 1968 Nov. 24, 1970 H- QUEBE ET AL METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PACKAGING A PLURALITY OF ARTICLES IN PREDETERMINED ARRANGEMENT A 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Sept. 18, 1968 United States Patent METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PACKAGING A PLURALITY 0F ARTICLES IN PREDETERMINED ARRANGEMENT Fred H. Quebe and Fritz Quebe, Houston, Tex., asslgnors, by mesne assignments, to Illinois Tool Works Inc., Chicago, 111., a corporation of Delaware Filed Sept. 18, 1968, Ser. No. 760,516 Int. Cl. B65b 35/58 U.S. Cl. 53-3 16 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE There is disclosed a method and apparatus for packaging a plurality of articles such as cans by assembling the cans with a carrier, then engaging the cans with individual driving heads for rotating the cans to a predetermined arrangement, and then disengaging the driving heads and stopping and holding the cans in the predetermined arrangement by frictional engagement with the carrier.
The present invention relates to a novel method and apparatus for packaging articles, and more specifically to a novel method and apparatus for assembling a plurality of articles with a carrier and for orienting the articles in a predetermined arrangement.
While it is to be understood that features of the present invention may be adapted for packaging a variety of articles, one embodiment is particularly suitable for packaging beverage cans and the like and will be specifically set forth herein for illustrative purposes. As is known, articles such as cans have long been assembled in packages containing two or more such articles retained together by a carrier. A variety of carrier structures have been proposed, and certain of these comprise members formed from plastic sheet material and the like having a plurality of aperture means or pockets therein for re ceiving and frictionally retaining the articles. In general, these heretofore proposed carriers engage end portions of the articles so that the remainder of each article is exposed. It is frequently desirable for appearance or other reasons to have the articles in such packages oriented or arranged in a predetermined manner.
It is an important object of the present invention to provide a novel method and apparatus for packaging a plurality of cans or other articles rapidly, economically and accurately so that the articles are assembled with a packaging device or carrier and are disposed in predetermined relationship.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a novel simplified method and apparatus for obtaining a package comprising a plurality of cans or other articles and a carrier with the articles oriented in a predetermined manner. 1 l
A more specific object of the present invention is to provide a novel method and apparatus for packaging cans or other articles and adapted to turn the articles to the desired arrangement after the articles are assembled with a carrier or other packaging device.
A still further specific object of the present invention is to provide a novel packaging method and apparatus wherein a plurality of articles such as cans previously 3,541,751 Patented Nov. 24, 1970 assembled with a carrier are individually and simultaneously engaged and rotated by drive means to position the articles in predetermined arrangement, the drive means for each article being individually disengaged when such article is in the desired position and the carrier frictionally engaging the articles for stopping and retaining them in the desired position after the drive means is disengaged.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide a novel packaging method and apparatus of the above described type which may be utilized in association with presently available packaging equipment and article carriers.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary plan view of a portion of an apparatus incorporating features of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view taken generally along line 22 in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary partial sectional view taken generally along line 33 in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary view taken generally along line 4-4 in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken generally along line 5-5 in FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary partial sectional view taken generally along line 66 in FIG. 1;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a package adapted to be assembled in accordance with features of the present invention; and
FIG. 8 is a simplified and partially schematic side elevational view showing an apparatus incorporating features of the present invention.
Referring now more specifically to the drawings wherein like parts are designated by the same numerals throughout the various figures, a packaging apparatus 10 incorporating features of the present invention as shown in simplified form in FIG. 8, which apparatus is adapted to process packages such as the package 12 which is shown best in FIG. 7. It is understood that the apparatus may be adapted for handling packages of various types of articles. For the purpose of illustrating one form of the invention, the package 12 is shown as comprising a plurality of cans 14 retained in assembled relationship by a packaging device or carrier 16.
The cans 14 are of known construction and, as shown best in FIGS. 6 and 7, each can has a radially projecting rim or head '18 which joins its side wall 20 with its upper end 22. The carrier 16 is of a type which includes means frictionally engaging peripheral surfaces of each can, preferably under the rims thereof. In the embodiment shown, the carrier is constructed substantially in the manner disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 2,874,835 dated Feb. 24, 1959. Reference is made to this patent for a complete description of the carrier. It suffices to state herein that the carrier 16 is preferably formed from a sheet of plastic material and has pockets or aperture means for receiving each of the articles or cans. These pockets or aperture means are defined by annular marginal portions 24 which snugly embrace and frictionally engage side surfaces of the cans, preferably beneath the rims as shown best in FIG. 6. The sheet or main body of the packaging device 16 may be provided with finger holes 26 or other suitable handle means so that the packaging device may function as a carrier.
It is contemplated that the articles or cans will have surface ornamentation such as labels 28 and the like. It is desired that the cans be arranged or oriented so that a particular element of the surface configuration or ornomentation faces in a predetermined direction. For example, it may be desired to have a particular part of the label 28 face outwardly so that the overall appearance of the package will be neater and more pleasing and so that a customer or user will be able to see clearly an advertising message, trademark or the like.
In accordance with a feature of the present invention, the apparatus is adapted to turn and properly position the cans or articles after the articles are assembled in the package and with the packaging device or carrier 16. As indicated in FIG. 8, the apparatus 10 comprises a first continuously driven conveyor 30 for receiving the series of the packages 12 from a preceding conveyor apparatus which functions to apply the carriers to the containers. The carrier applying apparatus may be of known construction and need not be shown or described herein. The conveyor 30 has a plurality of pusher bars 31 spaced in accordance with the length of each package 12 for engaging and pushing the packages. Drive and control means including a motor, suitable drive gears, chains and the like of known construction, not shown, are provided for continuously driving the conveyor for advancing successive packages 12, usually in substantially abutting relationship, along a path of travel to and in timed relationship with a mechanism 32 which serves to turn and orient the cans as will be described in detail below. The packages with the properly oriented cans are then pushed from the mechanism 32 onto a discharge conveyor 34 which may be in the form of an endless continuously driven belt or any other suitable structure.
The mechanism 32 is shown in detail in FIGS. 1-5 and comprises a pair of guide rods 36 and 38 disposed in general alignment with the conveyors 30 and 34 and extending from a first station designated by the numeral 40 and, for convenience, identified as a clamping station, and a second station designated by the numeral 42 and identified as the positioning or orienting station (see FIGS 1 and 8). Article or can support bars 43 and 45 are mounted between the guide rods for slidably receiving the articles in a package pushed from the conveyor 30 into the clamping station 40. In addition, an upright separator plate 48 is centrally mounted between the support bars for extending between the rows of cans in each package, as shown in FIGS. 1, 5 and 6, for maintaining the cans in a predetermined separated and substantially parallel relationship. As shown in FIG. 1, the support bars 43 and 45 terminate short of the orienting station 42 while the separator panel 48 extends the length of both the clamping station and the orienting station.
As previously indicated, the packages 12 are continuously advanced along the conveyor 30 toward the station 40. The orienting mechanism is provided with clamping or transfer means for assuring proper positioning of the articles in the package at the station 40 and for accelerating this package to the station 42 sufiiciently rapidly to separate this package from the next succeeding package 12 on the conveyor 30. The rapid acceleration or transfer of the package from the station 40 to the station 42 is suflicient to provide a time interval during which the cans may be turned and oriented at the station 42 'While the next package is being advanced from the conveyor 30 to the station 40.
The positioning and transfer means for shifting the package from the station 40 to the station 42 comprises oppositely disposed clam members 44 and 46 respectively having pocket portions 48 and 50 for engaging the articles or cans at the opposite sides of the package and shoulder elements 51 and 53 for engaging beneath the package and supporting it during movement to the station 42. The clamp members are formed with tubular portions 52 and 54 respectively slidably disposed on the guide rods 36 and 38.
In order to slide the clamping members along the guide rods 36 and 38 to and from the stations 40 and 42, cam and crank discs 56 and 58 are provided. These discs are respectively secured to upstanding shafts 60 and 62 which, as shown in FIG. 2, have beveled gears 64 and 66 fixed to lower ends thereof and driven by complementary gears 68 and 70 fixed on a common drive shaft 72. A sprocket or gear 74 is also fixed on the drive shaft and is adapted to be driven by a suitable motor 76 as indicated in simplified form in FIG. 8.
The combined cam and crank discs or members 56 and 58 respectively have crank elements or rollers 78 and 80 mounted adjacent peripheries thereof and extending into elongated slots 82 and 84 in crank arms 86 and 88, respectively. These crank arms have outer ends supported by pivot pins 90 and 92 suitably mounted at fixed positions on the frame of the apparatus. Opposite ends of the crank arms are pivotally attached by swivel coupling means 94 and 96 to connector rods 98 and 100 which have their opposite ends attached by swivel means 102 and 104 to cars 106 and 108 respectively projecting from the clamp members 44 and 46. With this arrangement it is seen that upon rotation of the discs 56 and 58, the clamp members will be reciprocated between the positions 40 and 42. the construction of these cam and crank elements is such that the drive therefor is incorporated in the previously mentioned drive and control means for the conveyor 30 so that when the clamp members 44 and 46 first engage the articles at the station 40 they are moving ahead at substantially the same lineal speed as the conveyor 30, whereupon the clamp members are accelerated to separate the engaged package from the next package.
As shown in FIG. 5, levers 114 and 116 are pivotally mounted on pivot pins 118 and 120. Ends of these levers opposite from the pivot pins respectively carry cam followers or rollers 122 and 124.
As is shown in FIG. 5, the clamp members 44 and 46 are adapted to be pivoted to broken line positions for disengagement from the articles when the clamp members are moved back from the station 42 toward the station 40.
The clamp members are normally biased to their broken line position by a compression spring 126 which extends between the members 114 and 116 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 5. The members 114 and 116, through the cam followers 122 and 124, respectively, engage cam tracks or surfaces 128 and 130 extending longitudinally along substantially the length of the clamp members 44 and 46, so as to transmit the force of the spring 126 to bias the clamp members toward the broken line position shown in FIG. 5. In order to pivot the clamp members against the action of the spring 126, the cam and crank discs 56 and 58 are respectively provided with peripheral cam surfaces 132 and 134 which engage cam followers or rollers 136 and 138 rotatably supported on levers 140' and 142. These levers are respectively mounted on pivot pins 144 and 146 adjacent the clamp members.
The levers 140 and 142 also carry cam followers or rollers 148 and 150 which engage cam surfaces or tracks 152 and 154 on and extending longitudinally for substantially the full length of the clamp members 44 and 46. With this arrangement, rotation of the discs 56 and 58 causes raised lobe portions of the cam surfaces 132 and 134 thereon periodically to pivot the levers 140 and 142 toward their respective clamp members so that the rollers 148 and 150 push the clamp members against the action of the spring 126 from the broken line position to the solid line position shown in FIG. 5. Of course, when the cam followers 136 and 138 ride down on the lower portions of the peripheral surfaces of the discs 56 and 58, the pivotal movement of the clamp members is reversed.
The construction of the cam surfaces on the discs 56 and 58 and the cam surfaces 128, 130, 152 and 154 of the clamp members is such that as the clamp members reach the end of their movement from the advanced station 42 toward the retracted station 40, the clamp members are pivoted toward their closed position for gripping the articles or cans therebetween. Then as the clamp members are advanced for accelerating the package toward the station 42, the continued engagement between the cam surfaces 152 and 154 on the outer sides of the clamp devices and their associated cam followers maintains the clamp devices in the article engaging position. When the package is positioned at the station 42, continued rotation of the discs 56 and 58 permits the clamp members to pivot toward their open position. At the same time the clamp members are started back toward the station 40 and the cycle is repeated.
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 8, a motor unit 156 is mounted at the station 42 above the path of travel of the packages 12. This unit comprises an electric motor or other suitable prime mover 158 coupled with a speed reducer and gear train 160 having a plurality of output or drive shafts 162. The drive shafts -162 correspond in number and arrangement with the articles or cans in the package 12.
A drive member or head 164 is secured to each of the shafts 162 and has a friction end surface shaped for engagement with an end of a can or article in the package. During operation of the apparatus, the motor 158 is continuously energized so that the drive members or pads 164 are continuously driven. The articles or cans in a package at the station 42 are pressed against the drive elements or pads 164 by means described in detail below so as to accomplish turning of the cans to the desired arrangement.
The means complementing the drive unit 156 for accomplishing rotation of the articles is shown in FIGS. 2-4 and comprises a plurality of lifter elements or pads 166 respectively in axial alignment with the drive pads 164. Each member 166 is rotatably supported by a bearing 168 on an upper end portion of a spindle 170 which is axially slidably supported in a tubular sleeve 172 mounted in a litter frame 174. The lifter frame is adapted to be raised for simultaneously engaging the lifter pads 166 against the cans and clamping the cans against the driving pads 164 for initiating turning of the cans. Each spindle 170 is adapted to be individually lowered to disengage the article or can associated therewith from the driving head when such article or can has been turned to the desired position.
In order to raise and lower the lifter frame 174, a lifter cam 176 having the desired peripheral configuration is mounted on and rotated with the drive shaft 72. The cam engages a follower 178 mounted on an end portion of a lever 180 pivotally supported at 182 as shown in FIG. 3. A connecting rod 184 extends between and is pivotally connected to the lever 180 and the lifting frame 174 by pins 185 and 186 respectively. A compression spring 188 extends between the lever 180 and a fixed frame member 190 of the apparatus for biasing the lever downwardly as viewed in FIG. 3 and maintaining the follower 178 in engagement with the cam 176. As will be understood, when the cam 176 is rotated for engaging a raised lobe portion thereof with the follower 178, the lever 180 is pivoted for raising the lifter frame 174 along fixed upstanding guide rods 181 and 183.
As previously indicated, the spindles 170 are supported so that they may be individually axially shifted downwardly relative to the lifter frame 174. As shown in FIG. 2, each spindle 170 has a lower end portion extending into a spring cup 192 slidably mounted within the sleeve 172 and housing a compression spring 194. A transverse pin 196 secures the spindle with respect to the cup 192 and has end portions extending into slots 198 in the sleeve 172 so that the spindle and the spring cup 192 are capable of being moved axially in unison relative to the sleeve 172. Another spring 200 is mounted within the sleeve 172 and bears against the upper end of the cup 192 for biasing the cup and thus the spindle 170 downwardly. However, the cup and spindle are normally and releasably maintained in the elevated position shown in FIG. 2 with the pin 196 above the lower ends of the slots 198 by means of a latch 202. The latch element is pivotally mounted within the lower end of the sleeve 172 by a pin 204 and has an upper end engageable with a roller or cam follower 206 mounted on a pin 208 in a bifurcated lower end portion 210 of the spring cup.
A solenoid 212 is carried by the lifter frame and has a plunger 214 projecting for engagement with the latch element 202. The arrangement is such that when the solenoid is energized, the plunger is extended for rotating the latch element in a clockwise direction as viewed in FIG. 2 so as to disengage the latch from the roller 206. When this occurs, the spring 200 drives the spindle 170 and the lifter pad 166 downwardly so that the can being supported thereby is disengaged from the corresponding drive head 164.
The apparatus is provided with means for sensing the position of the articles or cans and for individually energizing the solenoids 212 when the cans associated therewith have been turned to a desired arrangement. This sensing means comprises photoelectric cells 216 disposed along opposite sides of the article package and respectively aimed at the individual articles or cans in the package for sensing a particular element of the label 28 on each package. The photoelectric cells are connected by suitable circuitry with a control panel 218 indicated schematically in FIGS. 1 and 2 which in turn is connected by wires 219 and 221 with the individual solenoids 212.
As previously indicated, each latch element 202 is pivoted so as to release a spindle when its associated solenoid 212 is energized. The latch elements are reset at the completion of the can orienting process when the lifter frame 174 is lowered. More specifically, each latch element has a finger portion 222 projecting into a slot 224 in a fixed stop or reset member 226. The lower end of this slot serves as one stop surface engageable with the finger element 222 and the member 226 has another stop surface 228 at the upper end thereof which is engageable with previously mentioned pin 208 which serves to support the roller 206 and also as a reset pin.
The arrangement is such that when the lifter fram 174 is lowered, the outer ends of the pin 208 which project through the elongated slots 230 in the sleeve member 172 engage the upper edge 228 of the reset stop member 226. This stops the spring cup 192 and the spindle 170 against further downward movement while the lifter frame 174 continues to move downwardly. Thus, the spindle is, in effect, raised with respect to the lifter frame back to the relative position shown in FIG. 2. At the same time, the finger 222 of the latch element 202 engages the bottom of the slot 224 so that the latch element is pivoted back into engagement with the roller 206. In the meantime, the solenoid 212 has been deenergized and the structure is now ready to repeat the cycle.
The method of processing can or article packages in accordance with the present invention is accomplished in the following manner. The packages 12 comprising a plurality of the cans or articles and the packaging devices or carriers 16 are arranged in a series and conducted along a predetermined path of travel continuously by the conveyor 30. Each successive package 12 is positively, continuously advanced at a predetermined speed by the conveyor 30 to the station 40- where it is engaged by the clamp members and accelerated to the station 42 so as to be separated from the next succeeding package. Then the articles or cans are released by the clamp members and substantially simultaneously engaged by the lifter pads 166 which lift the cans and clamp them against the drive pads 164. The amount which the lifter frame 174 is raised is slightly greater than necessary to clamp the cans between the pads 164 and 166 and, as a result, the spring 194 associated with each of the lifter pads is slightly compressed. This arrangement insures proper clamping of the cans between the pads 164 and 166 and enables the apparatus to compensate for slight variations in the length of individual articles or cans.
The driving heads or pads 164 are continuously rotated so that as soon as the cans or articles are engaged therewith, the cans begin to rotate. A Reed switch 230 is mounted for cooperative association with a permanent magnet 232 fixed on the lifter cam 176, which switch is electrically connected with the control panel 218 so that the photoelectric cells 216 are not activated for a very short time interval which may, for example, be on the order of 0.1 see. This time delay enables all the cans to start rotating before the photoelectric cells become effective to sense the desired spot or element on the labels. Then upon activation of the cells, rotation of the articles or cans continues. At this rotation progresses, each cell will individually sense when its associated article or can reaches the desired arrangement and a solenoid will be energized for permitting the individual lifter pad to drop downwardly so that the can is declutched from the drive pad.
The driving force applied to the articles or cans is sufficient to overcome the frictional resistance to rotation applied by the packaging device or carrier 16. However, when each can is declutched from its associated drive head, this frictional resistance serves to provide a brake against further rotation and also serves continuously thereafter to hold the can in the desired arrangement. All the cans are rotated sufiiciently rapidly so that they are positioned in the desired arrangement prior to the time when the rotating lifter cam 176 permits lowering of the lifter frame 174. When the frame is lowered and the articles or cans are disengaged from all of the driving pads, the next can package is advanced by the clamp members and serves to push the processed package onto the discharge conveyor 34.
While a preferred embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described herein, it is obvious that many structural details may be changed without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
The invention is claimed as follows:
1. In a method of packaging articles, the steps comprising providing a plurality of articles preassembled with a packaging device which is to remain with the assembled articles, then rotating the articles each about its own axis sufficiently to orient each article in a predetermined position, then stopping said rotation while simultaneously frictionally engaging the articles with said packaging device for holding the articles in their respective predetermined positions.
2. A method of packaging articles, as defined in claim 1, wherein the frictional engagement of the packaging device with the articles is also accomplished prior to an during the rotation of the articles.
3. A method, as defined in claim 2, wherein said articles are disposed in side by side substantially parallel relationship and said packaging device frictionally engages sides of the articles.
4. A method, as defined in claim 3, which includes individually rotating said articles independently of each other to orient each article in said predetermined position.
5. A method, as defined in claim 4, which includes clamping opposite ends of each article between opposed portions of drive means to thereby impart rotation to the articles.
6. A method, as defined in claim 5, which includes providing a signal in response to the appearance of a predetermined element on said articles at a predetermined location for disengaging the drive means from the articles.
7. A method, as defined in claim 1, comprising providing a series of packages each of which includes a plurality of articles assembled with a packaging device, successively advancing the packages of said series along a predetermined path of travel to a work station, and performing said steps of rotating the articles, stopping and holding the articles at said work station.
8. A method, as defined in claim 7, wherein said packages in said series are advanced along said path of travel in substantially abutting relationship to a position adjacent said work station and successive packages are accelerated from said position toward said work station to separate them from the remaining packages in the series during the step of rotating the articles.
9. In an article packaging apparatus, means for advancing a preassembled package which includes a plurality of articles interconnected with a packaging device from a source of preassembled packages to a work station, drive means at said work station for rotatably driving the articles to orient each article substantially in a predetermined position and for then stopping the driving of the articles, engagement of the articles with said packaging device serving to stop and retain the articles substantially in said predetermined position when said driving has been stopped.
10. An apparatus, as defined in claim 9, wherein said drive means includes a plurality of means for individually and separately driving each of said articles.
11. An apparatus, as defined in claim 10 wherein said drive means comprises pairs of first and second oppositely disposed members for engaging opposite ends of the articles, means for driving all of said first members, and means for relatively axially shifting said first and second members for clamping the articles therebetween so that the articles are driven by said first member.
12. An apparatus, as defined in claim 11, wherein said last named means comprises a frame carrying all of said second members, means for shifting said frame toward and away from said first members, and individual means supporting each of said second members from said frame for movement between extended and retracted positions with respect to said frame for enabling the second members to be individually retracted for disengaging the ar ticles associated therewith from the driven first members.
13. An apparatus, as defined in claim 12, which includes means releasably locking said second members in said extended positions, and invidual means responsive to the position of each of said articles for actuating the locking means to release each of said second members when the article associated therewith is in the desired position.
14. An apparatus, as defined in claim 13, wherein said conveying means comprises a clamping mechanism reciprocably mounted for engaging the articles in a package and advancing the article simultaneously to a position between said first and second members of the driving means, and means for actuating the clamping mechanism in timed relationship with the driving means.
15. An apparatus, as defined in claim 9, wherein said advancing means includes a first conveyor for advancing a plurality of packages in substantially abutting relationship at a predetermined speed, and a mechanism for successively accelerating leading packages on said first conveyor to separate such leading packages from an immediately following package and for positioning such leading packages in alignment with said driving means.
16. An apparatus, as defined in claim 15, wherein said mechanism comprises a reciprocably mounted clamping device including opposing clamp members shiftable between open and closed positions, and means for reciprocating said clamping device and for closing the clamp mem- 9 10 bers during forward movement of the device and for open- 3,318,065 5/ 1967 De Shazor 198-33 XR ing the clamp members during reverse movement of the 3, 15,350 12/1968 Murphy 19833 device.
References Cited THERON E. CONDON, Primary Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 5 R. L. SPRUILL, Assistant Examiner 3,096,575 7/1963 Cook 19833.2 XR US, Cl, X R
3,218,777 11/1965 Brunsing 53-48 53-48,167;19833
US3541751D 1968-09-18 1968-09-18 Method and apparatus for packaging a plurality of articles in predetermined arrangement Expired - Lifetime US3541751A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US76051668A true 1968-09-18 1968-09-18

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3541751A true US3541751A (en) 1970-11-24

Family

ID=25059338

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3541751D Expired - Lifetime US3541751A (en) 1968-09-18 1968-09-18 Method and apparatus for packaging a plurality of articles in predetermined arrangement

Country Status (11)

Country Link
US (1) US3541751A (en)
BE (1) BE739054A (en)
DE (1) DE1946809C3 (en)
DK (1) DK138040C (en)
ES (1) ES371622A1 (en)
FI (1) FI51449C (en)
FR (1) FR2018379A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1247450A (en)
NL (1) NL6914160A (en)
NO (1) NO128264B (en)
SE (1) SE346519B (en)

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3958688A (en) * 1974-09-23 1976-05-25 Pneumatic Scale Corporation Container turner
US4051366A (en) * 1975-12-31 1977-09-27 United Technologies Corporation Optical apparatus for sensing clustered package orientation
JPS5374992A (en) * 1976-12-11 1978-07-03 Osaka Kiko Co Ltd Method of and apparatus for correcting position of boxed containers
US4354334A (en) * 1980-07-24 1982-10-19 Nifco Inc. Apparatus for attachment of sheet carriers to containers
US4599848A (en) * 1984-04-20 1986-07-15 Adolph Coors Company Molded clip reorienter and applicator
US4649690A (en) * 1986-06-20 1987-03-17 Louis B. Schiesz Apparatus for applying carriers onto containers
US4776447A (en) * 1986-07-17 1988-10-11 Metal Box Plc Method and apparatus for orientating can ends
US4957197A (en) * 1988-01-05 1990-09-18 Jean Delapierre Machine for arranging articles, such as cans of food
US5069016A (en) * 1989-02-14 1991-12-03 Renzo Grossi Method and apparatus for continuously packaging batches of containers or the like
US5074399A (en) * 1987-12-04 1991-12-24 Cmb Foodcan Plc Orientation of containers
US5215180A (en) * 1991-06-06 1993-06-01 Carnaudmetalbox Plc Can orientation apparatus
US5233811A (en) * 1992-08-18 1993-08-10 The Maston Corporation Machine for installing a carrier on beverage cans and the like
US5551828A (en) * 1994-10-27 1996-09-03 Abbott Laboratories Container mover and method of moving a container
US6484478B1 (en) * 2000-01-24 2002-11-26 Illinois Tool Works Inc. System and method for packaging oriented containers
US20040003575A1 (en) * 2000-01-24 2004-01-08 Arends Craig W. System and method for packaging oriented containers
US20050050858A1 (en) * 2003-09-08 2005-03-10 Cremers Thomas G. Taco shell nesting apparatus and method
US20050262802A1 (en) * 2004-05-12 2005-12-01 Johann Natterer Packaging machine and method for supplying containers in a packaging machine
US20070267303A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2007-11-22 Marco Leslie S Bar code blocking package
US20070295621A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2007-12-27 Weaver William N Bar code blocking package
US20080164323A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2008-07-10 Samaras Peter L Single color bar code printing on a multi-package
US20080168747A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2008-07-17 David Brophy Bar code blocking package
US20080265041A1 (en) * 2007-04-30 2008-10-30 David Brophy Bar code blocking system
US20100192515A1 (en) * 2006-09-19 2010-08-05 Eric Chalendar Article alignment apparatus
US8424276B2 (en) * 2009-04-15 2013-04-23 Andrew Krause Product multi-pack
US20130115039A1 (en) * 2010-07-19 2013-05-09 Fameccanica.Data Spa Method and device for orienting containers
CN103303519A (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-09-18 东方机器制造(昆明)有限公司 Article collecting, arranging and steering conveyor
US20140026523A1 (en) * 2012-07-27 2014-01-30 Morrison Container Handling Solutions, Inc. Packaging system and method
ES2615539A1 (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-06-07 José Francisco González Sánchez Packaging conveyor device (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN107470159A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-15 重庆旭永科技发展有限公司 A kind of logistics sorts conveying device
US10589338B1 (en) * 2017-08-09 2020-03-17 Thomas G. Kieran Feed assembly for automated machines

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2225566A (en) * 1988-12-02 1990-06-06 Mb Group Plc Apparatus for coupling together a plurality of plastics containers
SE503842C2 (en) * 1994-10-08 1996-09-16 Haakan Edqvist Method and apparatus for determining cylindrical objects
GB2441991A (en) * 2006-09-19 2008-03-26 Meadwestvaco Packaging Systems Orientating articles in a package
DE102011101116A1 (en) * 2011-05-09 2012-11-15 Khs Gmbh Process for the production of containers

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3096575A (en) * 1959-05-25 1963-07-09 Kenneth H Norberg Method for orienting cylindrical objects and securing the same together
US3218777A (en) * 1961-08-28 1965-11-23 Walter Kieckhefer Can packaging machine
US3318065A (en) * 1963-04-03 1967-05-09 Jr James C De Shazor Connector clip and method and apparatus for assembling units with said clip
US3415350A (en) * 1966-10-24 1968-12-10 Fmc Corp Article orienting apparatus

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3096575A (en) * 1959-05-25 1963-07-09 Kenneth H Norberg Method for orienting cylindrical objects and securing the same together
US3218777A (en) * 1961-08-28 1965-11-23 Walter Kieckhefer Can packaging machine
US3318065A (en) * 1963-04-03 1967-05-09 Jr James C De Shazor Connector clip and method and apparatus for assembling units with said clip
US3415350A (en) * 1966-10-24 1968-12-10 Fmc Corp Article orienting apparatus

Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3958688A (en) * 1974-09-23 1976-05-25 Pneumatic Scale Corporation Container turner
US4051366A (en) * 1975-12-31 1977-09-27 United Technologies Corporation Optical apparatus for sensing clustered package orientation
JPS5374992A (en) * 1976-12-11 1978-07-03 Osaka Kiko Co Ltd Method of and apparatus for correcting position of boxed containers
JPS5913371B2 (en) * 1976-12-11 1984-03-29 Osaka Kiko Co Ltd
US4354334A (en) * 1980-07-24 1982-10-19 Nifco Inc. Apparatus for attachment of sheet carriers to containers
US4599848A (en) * 1984-04-20 1986-07-15 Adolph Coors Company Molded clip reorienter and applicator
US4649690A (en) * 1986-06-20 1987-03-17 Louis B. Schiesz Apparatus for applying carriers onto containers
US4776447A (en) * 1986-07-17 1988-10-11 Metal Box Plc Method and apparatus for orientating can ends
US5074399A (en) * 1987-12-04 1991-12-24 Cmb Foodcan Plc Orientation of containers
US4957197A (en) * 1988-01-05 1990-09-18 Jean Delapierre Machine for arranging articles, such as cans of food
US5069016A (en) * 1989-02-14 1991-12-03 Renzo Grossi Method and apparatus for continuously packaging batches of containers or the like
US5215180A (en) * 1991-06-06 1993-06-01 Carnaudmetalbox Plc Can orientation apparatus
US5233811A (en) * 1992-08-18 1993-08-10 The Maston Corporation Machine for installing a carrier on beverage cans and the like
US5551828A (en) * 1994-10-27 1996-09-03 Abbott Laboratories Container mover and method of moving a container
US6484478B1 (en) * 2000-01-24 2002-11-26 Illinois Tool Works Inc. System and method for packaging oriented containers
US20040003575A1 (en) * 2000-01-24 2004-01-08 Arends Craig W. System and method for packaging oriented containers
US6868652B2 (en) * 2000-01-24 2005-03-22 Illinois Tool Works, Inc. System and method for packaging oriented containers
US20050050858A1 (en) * 2003-09-08 2005-03-10 Cremers Thomas G. Taco shell nesting apparatus and method
US20080041695A1 (en) * 2003-09-08 2008-02-21 Cremers Thomas G Taco shell nesting apparatus and method
US7269934B2 (en) * 2003-09-08 2007-09-18 General Mills Cereals, Llc Taco shell nesting apparatus and method
US7922639B2 (en) 2003-09-08 2011-04-12 General Mills Cereals, Llc Taco shell nesting apparatus and method
US20050262802A1 (en) * 2004-05-12 2005-12-01 Johann Natterer Packaging machine and method for supplying containers in a packaging machine
US7819243B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2010-10-26 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Bar code blocking package
WO2007130458A3 (en) * 2006-05-02 2007-12-27 Illinois Tool Works Bar code blocking package
US20080164323A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2008-07-10 Samaras Peter L Single color bar code printing on a multi-package
US20080168747A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2008-07-17 David Brophy Bar code blocking package
US20070267303A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2007-11-22 Marco Leslie S Bar code blocking package
US7721879B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2010-05-25 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Bar code blocking package
US20070295621A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2007-12-27 Weaver William N Bar code blocking package
US7775020B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2010-08-17 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Bar code blocking package
US7806257B2 (en) 2006-05-02 2010-10-05 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Single color bar code printing on a multi-package
US20100192515A1 (en) * 2006-09-19 2010-08-05 Eric Chalendar Article alignment apparatus
US20080265041A1 (en) * 2007-04-30 2008-10-30 David Brophy Bar code blocking system
US8424276B2 (en) * 2009-04-15 2013-04-23 Andrew Krause Product multi-pack
US9527677B2 (en) * 2010-07-19 2016-12-27 Fameccanica.Data S.P.A. Method and device for orienting containers
US20130115039A1 (en) * 2010-07-19 2013-05-09 Fameccanica.Data Spa Method and device for orienting containers
US20140026523A1 (en) * 2012-07-27 2014-01-30 Morrison Container Handling Solutions, Inc. Packaging system and method
US10077126B2 (en) * 2012-07-27 2018-09-18 Morrison Container Handling Solutions, Inc. Packaging system and method
US9260213B2 (en) * 2012-07-27 2016-02-16 Morrison Container Handling Solutions, Inc. Packaging system
US20160137324A1 (en) * 2012-07-27 2016-05-19 Morrison Container Handling Solutions, Inc. Packaging system and method
US10737815B2 (en) * 2012-07-27 2020-08-11 Morrison Timing Screw Co. Packaging system and method
CN103303519A (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-09-18 东方机器制造(昆明)有限公司 Article collecting, arranging and steering conveyor
CN103303519B (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-07-08 东方机器制造(昆明)有限公司 Article collecting, arranging and steering conveyor
ES2615539A1 (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-06-07 José Francisco González Sánchez Packaging conveyor device (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
US10589338B1 (en) * 2017-08-09 2020-03-17 Thomas G. Kieran Feed assembly for automated machines
CN107470159A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-15 重庆旭永科技发展有限公司 A kind of logistics sorts conveying device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FI51449B (en) 1976-09-30
GB1247450A (en) 1971-09-22
DK138040C (en) 1978-11-20
DE1946809B2 (en) 1973-04-26
BE739054A (en) 1970-03-02
SE346519B (en) 1972-07-10
NO128264B (en) 1973-10-22
DE1946809C3 (en) 1973-11-08
DK138040B (en) 1978-07-03
FI51449C (en) 1977-01-10
DE1946809A1 (en) 1970-04-09
FR2018379A1 (en) 1970-05-29
ES371622A1 (en) 1972-04-01
NL6914160A (en) 1970-03-20

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3541751A (en) Method and apparatus for packaging a plurality of articles in predetermined arrangement
US4172514A (en) High speed continuous assembly machine
US3941037A (en) Case forming and transferring machine
US2925080A (en) Apparatus for splitting blocks
US3360844A (en) Applicator closure inserting machine
US3118218A (en) Aerosol valve inserting machine
US3468455A (en) Carton dispenser machine
US3491511A (en) Orienting and packaging machine
US2296201A (en) Mechanism for handling bottles and other articles
US3353652A (en) Feeding and indexing device for package handling apparatus
US2847809A (en) Machine for positioning articles in trays
FR2223104A1 (en) Pressing machine with two-part tools - with means for holding workpiece to one part and blank to other
US20030234084A1 (en) Set-down box
US3012650A (en) Apparatus for spotting handled jugs preparatory to labeling
US2734673A (en) Automatic closure machine
US4526270A (en) Appliance for feeding glass tubes to glass-processing machines
US2860804A (en) Apparatus for feeding sheets, such as labels, from a pack to positions at which they are required
US3336723A (en) Machine for assembling containers with clips
US2222503A (en) Bottle registering device
GB895181A (en) Improvements in or relating to handling apparatus
US2154071A (en) Machine for attaching bails to cans
US3843019A (en) Denesting apparatus
US3426501A (en) Clip feeding device
US2835087A (en) Conveying, packaging, and slitting machine
US3777450A (en) Article handling and packaging machine