US3487563A - Sports shoes - Google Patents

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Publication number
US3487563A
US3487563A US3487563DA US3487563A US 3487563 A US3487563 A US 3487563A US 3487563D A US3487563D A US 3487563DA US 3487563 A US3487563 A US 3487563A
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Prior art keywords
sole
studs
grooves
shoe
sports
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Clive J Austin
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LUTHER AUSTIN AND SONS Ltd
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LUTHER AUSTIN AND SONS Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/22Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer
    • A43B13/24Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer by use of insertions
    • A43B13/26Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer by use of insertions projecting beyond the sole surface
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C15/00Non-skid devices or attachments
    • A43C15/16Studs or cleats for football or like boots
    • A43C15/162Studs or cleats for football or like boots characterised by the shape
    • A43C15/164Studs or cleats for football or like boots characterised by the shape having a circular cross section
    • A43C15/165Studs or cleats for football or like boots characterised by the shape having a circular cross section pointed or conical, e.g. calks, spikes, pins

Description

Jan. 6, 1970 C. J. AUSTIN 3,487,563

SPORTS SHOES Filed Nov. 16, 1967 g -/4u.s 1/1 United States Patent 3,487,563 SPORTS SHOES Clive J. Austin, Wallaston, Wellingborough, England, as-

signor to Luther Austin and Sons Limited, Wellingborough, England, a corporation of Great Britain Filed Nov. 16, 1967, Ser. No. 683,720 Int. Cl. A43c /02 U.S. Cl. 3667 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A sports shoe, for example a golf shoe having a moulded sole provided with transverse grooves to provide lines of flexing remote from the studs projecting from the sole.

The present invention relates to sports shoes of the kind having moulded soles of rubber or synthetic plastics material and provided with studs, spikes or other projections, all hereinafter referred to simply as studs, projecting from the soles thereof. Such studs usually have flanges which lie against the soles of the shoes to provide additional support for the studs. The studs may be secured in the soles as a result of the moulding operation or may be set in the sole and attached to the sole by other means, for example by adhesive or through threaded stud receptacles set in the soles during moulding and into which the studs are screwed. Examples of sports shoes of this kind are golf shoes and football boots.

It has been found that the flexing of a sports shoe of this kind in wear, sets up a tension in the outer surface of the sole, which disadvantageously causes movement of the rubber or synthetic plastics material under the flanges of the studs and also causes a withdrawal of the sole surface from the flanges of the studs, thus causing gaps to appear between the periphery of the flanges and the sole, into which grass, mud and other foreign matter can find its way. A further disadvantage is that since the studs are fixed relatively to the sole, their angle to the ground must always follow the curve of the sole, thus limiting the period during which the studs are in contact with the ground as the shoe flexes.

According to the present invention, the outer surface of the sole is provided with a series of recesses extending at least part way across the sole to provide lines of flexing spaced from each other lengthwise of the sole and at positions remote from the studs.

Said recesses may be grooves extending from the edge of the sole and extending only part way across the sole and each groove may then terminate at its closed inner end in an enlargement for example a circular enlargement. A series of further grooves may be located along the center of the sole and staggered with respect to the first mentioned grooves.

In order that the invention may be readily understood, one golf shoe construction in accordance therewith will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a plan view of the outer surface of the sole of the shoe, and

FIGURE 2 shows a detail of the stud fixing arrangement.

Referring now to the drawing, the golf shoe has a moulded sole 1 of rubber or synthetic plastics material from which project studs 2 having flanges 3 lying against the outer surface of the sole. The golf shoe may be formed in a manner described in co-pending US. patent application No. 683,122, using a mould having two separable side pieces together defining the outline shape of the sole 1 and a bottom piece shaped to form the outer surface of the sole 1. The mould is completed by a steel foot onto which is lasted the shoe upper. To form the shoe the parts of the mould are forced together to cure the sole 1 under pressure. In the curing process the sole 1 and the shoe upper are bonded together and the sole flows to take up the desired form.

In FIGURE 2 of the drawing it can be seen that the studs are screwed into stud receptacles 4 to secure the studs 2 to the sole 1. The stud receptacles are set in the sole by the moulding operation and for this purpose a set of pegs are provided in the bottom piece of the mould, and prior to the placing of an uncured sole in the mould, the stud receptacles are each placed over a respective one of the pegs. In FIGURE 2 the flange 3 of the stud is shown located in a recess 5 in the sole.

Over that area of the outer surface of the sole subject to the greatest flexing stresses in wear, are provided during moulding of the sole a series of grooves 6. Each groove 6 extends from the edge of the sole part way across the sole, and in the particular example shown tapers gradually as it proceeds from the sole edge and then at its closed, inner end terminates in a circular enlargement 7 to give each of the grooves a keyhole shape. These grooves provide so to speak, lines of easy flexing for the sole and make the sole many more times flexible than would otherwise be possible with a sole thick enough to contain the inserts 4 for the studs 2. The circular enlargements 7 avoid excessive stresses being localised at the inner ends of the grooves 6. A row of further grooves 8 are located along the center of the sole and are staggered with respect to the grooves 6 to further increase flexibility.

The grooves 6 are, as can be seen in FIGURE 1, remote from the studs 2 so that movement of the outer surface of the sole at the stud flanges 3 is very small, thereby increasing the stability of the studs 2 and preventing lifting of the flanges 3 to allow ingress of foreign matter between the flanges 3 and the sole 1. Also, making the sole to flex along the grooves 6 enables the studs to maintain their original angle to the ground for a longer period than would be possible with an ungrooved sole, thus increasing grip and traction of the shoe.

The shape, depth and location of the grooves in the sole are selected to suit the thickness of the sole, the characteristics of the sole material and the flexing characteristics of those particular parts of the sole in which the grooves are to be located. In view of this, the groove formation may vary from that shown in FIGURE 1 of the drawing.

I claim:

1. A sports shoe of the kind having a molded sole of rubber or synthetic plastics material and provided with studs projecting from the sole, wherein the outer surface of the sole is provided with a series of grooves which extend at least partway across the sole from the edge thereof to provide lines of flexing for the sole spaced from each other lengthwise of the sole and at positions remote from the studs, and a plurality of enlargements each having a minimum cross-sectional dimension which is greater than the width of a groove, at least some of said grooves intersecting an enlargement.

2. A sports shoe as claimed in claim 1, wherein said enlargement is circular.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,747,302 5/ 1956 Heisterkamp 3632 3,341,952 9/1967 Dassler 36-2.5

3,343,285 9/1967 Kowal 36-67 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,133,277 7/ 1962 Germany.

3. A sports shoe as claimed in claim 1, wherein a 10 PATRICK D. LAWSON, Primary Examiner further series of grooves are located along the center of the sole and are staggered with respect to said first mentioned grooves.

US. Cl. X.R. 36-25

US3487563A 1967-11-16 1967-11-16 Sports shoes Expired - Lifetime US3487563A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3757434A (en) * 1970-07-20 1973-09-11 F C Phillips Inc Stoughton Golf shoe cleat and support therefor
US3818617A (en) * 1971-09-15 1974-06-25 Dassler Puma Sportschuh Outer sole for a sport shoe
EP0022716A2 (en) * 1979-07-13 1981-01-21 PATRICK S.A. Société dite Sole for athletic shoe
EP0087104A1 (en) * 1982-02-22 1983-08-31 PUMA-Sportschuhfabriken Rudolf Dassler KG Sports shoe with an elastic exterior sole of plastics material
US4837949A (en) * 1986-12-23 1989-06-13 Salomon S. A. Shoe sole
EP0342232A1 (en) * 1987-08-11 1989-11-23 AOTANI, Tetsuya Multipurpose shoes
WO1991003182A1 (en) * 1989-08-30 1991-03-21 Macneill Engineering Company, Inc. Locking cleat and receptacle system
US5024007A (en) * 1989-04-25 1991-06-18 Salomon S. A. Sole for a sport shoe
US5259129A (en) * 1992-04-24 1993-11-09 Warm Springs Golf Club, Inc. Winter golf shoe spikes
US5367793A (en) * 1992-04-24 1994-11-29 Warm Springs Golf Club, Inc. Winter golf shoe spikes
US5384973A (en) * 1992-12-11 1995-01-31 Nike, Inc. Sole with articulated forefoot
US5425184A (en) * 1993-03-29 1995-06-20 Nike, Inc. Athletic shoe with rearfoot strike zone
US5623774A (en) * 1995-02-15 1997-04-29 Greenspike, Inc. Stud for sport shoes
US5625964A (en) * 1993-03-29 1997-05-06 Nike, Inc. Athletic shoe with rearfoot strike zone
US5657556A (en) * 1994-12-08 1997-08-19 L.A. Gear, Inc. Footwear sole component and production method
US5761833A (en) * 1995-12-22 1998-06-09 Softspikes, Inc. Athletic shoe traction system for use on turf
US5860228A (en) * 1997-05-12 1999-01-19 Bite, Llc All purpose nubbed cleat for shoes and other non-slip applications
US6023860A (en) * 1997-12-11 2000-02-15 Softspikes, Inc. Athletic shoe cleat
US6052923A (en) * 1996-12-20 2000-04-25 Softspikes, Inc. Golf cleat
US6530162B1 (en) 1997-02-20 2003-03-11 Green Keepers, Inc. Sports shoe cleats
US6763616B2 (en) 1990-06-18 2004-07-20 Anatomic Research, Inc. Shoe sole structures
US20040255489A1 (en) * 2000-11-14 2004-12-23 Kelly Paul Andrew Studded footwear
US6834446B2 (en) 2002-08-27 2004-12-28 Softspikes, Llc Indexable shoe cleat with improved traction
US6834445B2 (en) 2002-07-16 2004-12-28 Softspikes, Llc Shoe cleat with improved traction
US6904707B2 (en) 2003-07-01 2005-06-14 Softspikes, Llc Indexable shoe cleat with improved traction
US7040043B2 (en) 2003-08-11 2006-05-09 Softspikes, Llc Shoe cleat
USRE40047E1 (en) * 1997-02-20 2008-02-12 Greenkeepers Of Delaware Sports shoe cleats
WO2011050038A2 (en) 2009-10-20 2011-04-28 Nike International Ltd. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
US20110197478A1 (en) * 2010-02-18 2011-08-18 Nike, Inc. Self-adjusting studs
US8584380B2 (en) 2010-02-23 2013-11-19 Nike, Inc. Self-adjusting studs
US8656610B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2014-02-25 Nike, Inc. Articles with retractable traction elements
US8656611B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2014-02-25 Nike, Inc. Articles with retractable traction elements
US9210967B2 (en) 2010-08-13 2015-12-15 Nike, Inc. Sole structure with traction elements
US9351537B2 (en) 2009-10-01 2016-05-31 Nike, Inc. Rigid cantilevered stud

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2747302A (en) * 1955-02-23 1956-05-29 William F Heisterkamp Supplemental rubber half sole
DE1133277B (en) * 1960-02-05 1962-07-12 Adolf Dassler Sports shoe attached to the outsole fittings
US3341952A (en) * 1964-11-10 1967-09-19 Dassler Adolf Sport shoe, especially for football
US3343285A (en) * 1966-05-04 1967-09-26 Converse Rubber Corp Spiked shoe

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2747302A (en) * 1955-02-23 1956-05-29 William F Heisterkamp Supplemental rubber half sole
DE1133277B (en) * 1960-02-05 1962-07-12 Adolf Dassler Sports shoe attached to the outsole fittings
US3341952A (en) * 1964-11-10 1967-09-19 Dassler Adolf Sport shoe, especially for football
US3343285A (en) * 1966-05-04 1967-09-26 Converse Rubber Corp Spiked shoe

Cited By (58)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3757434A (en) * 1970-07-20 1973-09-11 F C Phillips Inc Stoughton Golf shoe cleat and support therefor
US3818617A (en) * 1971-09-15 1974-06-25 Dassler Puma Sportschuh Outer sole for a sport shoe
EP0022716A2 (en) * 1979-07-13 1981-01-21 PATRICK S.A. Société dite Sole for athletic shoe
FR2460636A1 (en) * 1979-07-13 1981-01-30 Patrick Sa The shoe sole of athletics
EP0022716A3 (en) * 1979-07-13 1981-05-06 Patrick S.A. Societe Dite Sole for athletic shoe
EP0087104A1 (en) * 1982-02-22 1983-08-31 PUMA-Sportschuhfabriken Rudolf Dassler KG Sports shoe with an elastic exterior sole of plastics material
US4837949A (en) * 1986-12-23 1989-06-13 Salomon S. A. Shoe sole
EP0342232A1 (en) * 1987-08-11 1989-11-23 AOTANI, Tetsuya Multipurpose shoes
US5024007A (en) * 1989-04-25 1991-06-18 Salomon S. A. Sole for a sport shoe
WO1991003182A1 (en) * 1989-08-30 1991-03-21 Macneill Engineering Company, Inc. Locking cleat and receptacle system
US5036606A (en) * 1989-08-30 1991-08-06 Macneill Engineering Company, Inc. Locking cleat and receptacle system
US6763616B2 (en) 1990-06-18 2004-07-20 Anatomic Research, Inc. Shoe sole structures
US5367793A (en) * 1992-04-24 1994-11-29 Warm Springs Golf Club, Inc. Winter golf shoe spikes
US5259129A (en) * 1992-04-24 1993-11-09 Warm Springs Golf Club, Inc. Winter golf shoe spikes
US6354021B1 (en) 1992-04-24 2002-03-12 Softspikes, Inc. Winter golf shoe spikes
US6327797B1 (en) 1992-04-24 2001-12-11 Softspikes, Inc. Golf shoe spikes
US6009640A (en) * 1992-04-24 2000-01-04 Softspikes, Inc. Golf shoe spikes
US7086182B2 (en) 1992-04-24 2006-08-08 Softspikes, Inc. Golf shoe cleat
US5384973A (en) * 1992-12-11 1995-01-31 Nike, Inc. Sole with articulated forefoot
US5625964A (en) * 1993-03-29 1997-05-06 Nike, Inc. Athletic shoe with rearfoot strike zone
US6055746A (en) * 1993-03-29 2000-05-02 Nike, Inc. Athletic shoe with rearfoot strike zone
US5425184A (en) * 1993-03-29 1995-06-20 Nike, Inc. Athletic shoe with rearfoot strike zone
US5657556A (en) * 1994-12-08 1997-08-19 L.A. Gear, Inc. Footwear sole component and production method
US5623774A (en) * 1995-02-15 1997-04-29 Greenspike, Inc. Stud for sport shoes
US5761833A (en) * 1995-12-22 1998-06-09 Softspikes, Inc. Athletic shoe traction system for use on turf
US6052923A (en) * 1996-12-20 2000-04-25 Softspikes, Inc. Golf cleat
US6530162B1 (en) 1997-02-20 2003-03-11 Green Keepers, Inc. Sports shoe cleats
USRE40047E1 (en) * 1997-02-20 2008-02-12 Greenkeepers Of Delaware Sports shoe cleats
US5860228A (en) * 1997-05-12 1999-01-19 Bite, Llc All purpose nubbed cleat for shoes and other non-slip applications
US6023860A (en) * 1997-12-11 2000-02-15 Softspikes, Inc. Athletic shoe cleat
US6305104B1 (en) 1997-12-11 2001-10-23 Mcmullin Faris W. Athletic shoe cleat
US6167641B1 (en) 1997-12-11 2001-01-02 Softspikes, Inc. Athletic shoe cleat
US20040255489A1 (en) * 2000-11-14 2004-12-23 Kelly Paul Andrew Studded footwear
US7107708B2 (en) 2000-11-14 2006-09-19 Trisport Limited Studded footwear
US6834445B2 (en) 2002-07-16 2004-12-28 Softspikes, Llc Shoe cleat with improved traction
US6834446B2 (en) 2002-08-27 2004-12-28 Softspikes, Llc Indexable shoe cleat with improved traction
US20050278981A1 (en) * 2003-07-01 2005-12-22 Mcmullin Faris W Indexable shoe cleat with improved traction
US6904707B2 (en) 2003-07-01 2005-06-14 Softspikes, Llc Indexable shoe cleat with improved traction
US7040043B2 (en) 2003-08-11 2006-05-09 Softspikes, Llc Shoe cleat
US8656610B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2014-02-25 Nike, Inc. Articles with retractable traction elements
US8656611B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2014-02-25 Nike, Inc. Articles with retractable traction elements
US9351537B2 (en) 2009-10-01 2016-05-31 Nike, Inc. Rigid cantilevered stud
EP3141141A1 (en) 2009-10-20 2017-03-15 NIKE Innovate C.V. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
US8356428B2 (en) 2009-10-20 2013-01-22 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
US9578921B2 (en) 2009-10-20 2017-02-28 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with flexible lasting board
EP3045064A1 (en) 2009-10-20 2016-07-20 NIKE Innovate C.V. Article of footwear with flexible lasting board
US8898934B2 (en) 2009-10-20 2014-12-02 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
US8978274B2 (en) 2009-10-20 2015-03-17 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
EP3045060A1 (en) 2009-10-20 2016-07-20 NIKE Innovate C.V. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
DE202010018405U1 (en) 2009-10-20 2016-05-13 Nike Innovate C.V. The article of footwear with a flexible reinforcing plate
WO2011050038A2 (en) 2009-10-20 2011-04-28 Nike International Ltd. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
EP3045063A1 (en) 2009-10-20 2016-07-20 NIKE Innovate C.V. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
EP3045062A1 (en) 2009-10-20 2016-07-20 NIKE Innovate C.V. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
EP3045061A1 (en) 2009-10-20 2016-07-20 NIKE Innovate C.V. Article of footwear with flexible reinforcing plate
US8789296B2 (en) 2010-02-18 2014-07-29 Nike, Inc. Self-adjusting studs
US20110197478A1 (en) * 2010-02-18 2011-08-18 Nike, Inc. Self-adjusting studs
US8584380B2 (en) 2010-02-23 2013-11-19 Nike, Inc. Self-adjusting studs
US9210967B2 (en) 2010-08-13 2015-12-15 Nike, Inc. Sole structure with traction elements

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