US3478365A - Protective helmet for babies - Google Patents

Protective helmet for babies Download PDF

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US3478365A
US3478365A US3478365DA US3478365A US 3478365 A US3478365 A US 3478365A US 3478365D A US3478365D A US 3478365DA US 3478365 A US3478365 A US 3478365A
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head
helmet
portion
babies
protective helmet
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Expired - Lifetime
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Tibor Joseph Varga
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Tibor Joseph Varga
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/08Chin straps or similar retention devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/10Linings
    • A42B3/12Cushioning devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/32Collapsible helmets; Helmets made of separable parts ; Helmets with movable parts, e.g. adjustable
    • A42B3/326Helmets with movable or separable chin or jaw guard

Description

Nov. 18, 1969 Tz-"J. VARGA 3,478,365

PROTECTIVE HELMET FOR BABIES Filed Aug. 21, 1967 I Tibor Joseph Varga INVENTOR.

wmwa tm i United States Patent A 3,478,365 PROTECTIVE HELMET FOR BABIES Tibor Joseph Varga, 1291 W. 103rd St.,

Cleveland, Ohio 44102 Filed Aug. 21, 1967, Ser. No. 661,865 Int. Cl. A42b 1/08; A63b 71/10 US. Cl. 2-3 2 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE BISCLOSURE This invention relates to accident curtailing and injury preventing and safe-type devices such as are appropriate for use when training babies and small children towalk in a room or the like where hazardous mishaps are likely to be encountered and has to do with a helmet which is unique in that it is equipped with self-contained facilities which enable the wearer to involved.

Protective helmets of many and varying types have met with widespread adoption and endorsed use by athletes, by race car drivers, riders of motorcycles, workers in various fields of endeavor and in instances too many to mention here. The objective herein is to cope with and solve the shock of concussion problem in the home where untold numbers of accidents occur, more particularly, that aspect thereof which has to with babies and youngsters who have to discover how to get around when crawling, learning to walk, or while playing in crowded quarters.

Briefly, the preferred embodiment of the invention is that herein shown and which comprises a one-piece hollow concavo-convex lightweight protective-type shell. This shell is characterized by a main body portion, more specifically an overhead crown portion. It includes a forward depending visor-like forehead covering portion, a rearward portion cooperable with the back of the head and nape of the neck. It also includes left and right side portions which coact with the ears, temples and cheek pore tions. Then, too, the over-all shell is expressly designed and shaped so that comfortably and conformably fits over the head of the wearer and is interiorly provided with shock and impact absorbing and cushioning means.

These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter describedand claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:

FIG. 1 is a view in perspective showing a protective helmet constructed in accordance with the invention and illustrating how it is constructed and worn.

FIG. 2 is a view on a suitably enlarged scale taken on the plane of the section line 22 of FIG. 1. V

The novel helmet is denoted, generally speaking, by the numeral 4 and is of concavo-convex one-piece form and has been referred to as substantially domical in shape. It embodies a main body or crown portion -6 and a forward portion 8 resembling a shallow visor and having a terminal front edge 10 overlying the forehead of the wearer as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. The deep rearcope with the risks which are movement for the results- Patented Nov. 18, 1969 'ice ward portion 12 encloses and covers the rear partof'the head of the wearer and the outwardly flaring bottommost portion 14 provides a shield for the nape of the neck. The duplicate right and left side portions 16 are shaped and contoured to coact with and cover the temples, ears, cheeks also in the manner illustrated. The coacting component portions are provided wherever necessary or desired with holes 18 for air circulating and ventilating purposes. It will be noted that the over-all helmet is not in direct contact with the enclosed portions of the head but is spaced by spacing and cushioning members which are here referred to as compressibly resilient pads or ribs which acn be made of plastic foam rubber, sponge rubber or whatever the manufacturer specifies. One such'rib, which may be called the head surrounding'or encircling rib is denoted by the numeral 20 and is appropriately fastened in place as suggested in FIG. 2. There is a longitudinal over-the-head suitably curved rib or pad as'at 22 and additional transverse companion pads at 24. These pads are distributively arranged and provide the desired helmet and cushioning properties.

The aforementioned attachment unit is substantially U-shaped and is denoted by the numeral 26 and it serves as a dual chin and mouth guard. It is made from a single piece of moldable plastic material and has a bight portion which is denoted generally at 28 and which has a. lower half portion 30 which constitutes a chin cradling guard, and an upper suitably arced half portion 32 which provides a mouth guard. The upper part is provided with ventilating holes as at 34 to facilitate free breathing. The lower half portion is interiorly provided with appropriate and suitably contoured lining means 36 which can be sponge rubber or equivalent cushioning material. The gradually narrowing or tapering arms are denoted as at 38 and have gradually narrowing rearward terminal end portions 40 which straddle the respective side portions of the helmet. These terminal end portions are provided with snap fasteners 42 which rae cooperatively engageable with a row of selectively usable snap fasteners 44 carrier by the side portions of the helmet as shown in full lines in FIG. 1 and in phantom lines in FIG. 2.

It is obvious that the principal purpose of the helmet is to prevent injuries to the wearers head which ordinarily occur when crawling, falling from a walking position or in various other ways. The means 26 is referred to as a guard because of the fact that it not only functions as a chin guard but also as a mouth guard and keeps the youngster from placing small objects such as coins, pins, buttons or the like in his mouth. In addition, it tends to minimize finger sucking and placing dirty fingers in the mouth. It will be evident therefore that this helmet is an innovation in that it well serves the safety purposes for which it has been devised.

What is claimed as new is as follows:

1. An accident and injury diminishing and preventing head covering for use primarily by crawling infants and I unwary youngsters while learning to walk and while play ing indoors in a room or similar limited enclosure with hazardous end tables, chairs, and dangerous miscellaneous obstacles therein and also while riding inan automobile; a crash-resisting safety-type helmet comprising a onepiece hollow lightweight convaco-convex shell shaped and contoured to fit conformably over the head of the wearer, said shell being made of blow lessening, impact resisting and selfshape retaining plastic material, said shell being possessed of the safeguarding properties of hard-ha helmets, and embodying an overhead crown portion, a forward visor-like forehead covering portion, a rearward back-of-the-head and neck covering portion, left and right ear, temple and cheek enclosing and covering portions, and shock and impact absorbing and cushioning means comprising an endless head encircling rib attached to ,interior,surfaces of said shell, a complemental longitudinally extending over-the-head cushioning rib centralized and attached to interior surfaces of said shell and having forward and rearward ends abutting coacting surfaces of said head encircling rib and transverse over the head cushioning ribs interposed between the medium portion of and abutting coacting surfaces of the head encircling rib and said longitudinal over-the-head cushioning rib.

2. The safety-type helmet defined in and according to claim 1 and, in combination, a substantially U-shaped attachment made of firm substantially self-shape sustaining material and embodying a medium bight portion and a pair of attaching and retaining arms, said retaining arms having gradually narrowing rearward ends straddling the wearers jaws and cheeks and being detachably, adjustably and hingedly connected to said cheek portions, said attachment providing a chin cradling guard and a mouth guard, the interior surfaces of the bight portion and arms being providedrwith compressibly resilient shock resisting lining material, said bight portion being relatively wide and dished both longitudinally and transversely to conformingly cover the wearers chin and block his mouth, and in addition, being provided with a multiplicity of air holes. 7

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,140,716 12/1938 Pryale 2-3 2,276,612 3/1942 Ellis 29 XR 2,7173 84 9/ 1955 Frothingham 2--3 2,867,811 1/1959 Jones 2-9 XR 3,274,612 9/1966 Merriam 23 FOREIGN PATENTS 56,976 11/ 1939 Denmark. 350,142 6/1931 Great Britain.

JAMES R. BOLER, Primary Examiner

US3478365D 1967-08-21 1967-08-21 Protective helmet for babies Expired - Lifetime US3478365A (en)

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3886596A (en) * 1973-01-08 1975-06-03 Cav Inc Face guard for a baseball helmet or the like
US3934271A (en) * 1974-11-27 1976-01-27 Jhoon Rhee Protective helmet
US4024587A (en) * 1975-03-03 1977-05-24 Griffin Products Incorporated Helmet conversion kit safety helmet
US4097930A (en) * 1977-03-04 1978-07-04 Bay William P Helmet shield apparatus
US4290150A (en) * 1977-11-08 1981-09-22 G P A International Protective helmets and fastening devices therefor
FR2490466A1 (en) * 1980-09-09 1982-03-26 Paysant Eugene Safety helmet that folds for carrying - has segments of sphere pivoting round axles and locked by circular band
FR2513861A1 (en) * 1981-10-02 1983-04-08 Levy Lozata Claude Crash helmet for motorcyclist - has anti pollution mask with filter pad held by visor with double perforated walls
EP0096148A1 (en) * 1982-06-10 1983-12-21 Ab Akta Barnsäkerhet A helmet for use in recreational activity
FR2550692A1 (en) * 1983-08-19 1985-02-22 Gessalin Jean Assembly device for protective helmets for motorcyclists and the like
EP0258496A1 (en) * 1986-08-01 1988-03-09 T.A.C. Tongerese Automaten Centrale personenvennootschap met beperkte aansprakelijkheid Protective helmet
US4794652A (en) * 1986-03-07 1989-01-03 Corina Piech von Planta Safety Helmet
EP0395845A1 (en) * 1989-05-05 1990-11-07 AGV S.p.A. Crash-helmet, in particular for motorcyclists
US5263204A (en) * 1991-12-20 1993-11-23 Butsch John L Jaw protection device
EP0586932A2 (en) * 1992-09-11 1994-03-16 F.M. FALLERT MOTOR GmbH & Co, MOTORRADSPORT KG Crash-helmet with a morphologically head fitted lining and method for manufacturing the same
US5437064A (en) * 1994-02-22 1995-08-01 Hamaguchi; Melvin M. Protective cap apparatus
US6370698B1 (en) 2000-05-12 2002-04-16 Henry L. Ahl Anti-suffocation helmet
FR2827124A1 (en) * 2001-07-11 2003-01-17 Rodolphe Davy Comfort accessory for motorcycle helmet comprises network of deformable rolls placed inside the helmet
US20040107482A1 (en) * 2001-08-07 2004-06-10 Brooke Picotte Head protector for infants, small children, senior citizens, adults or physically disabled individuals
WO2005046376A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2005-05-26 Fehervizy Lajos Headband
WO2006114514A1 (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-11-02 Msa Gallet Improvement for the retaining means of a protective helmet
EP2025255A2 (en) * 2007-08-14 2009-02-18 Head Germany GmbH Protective helmet
US8739599B2 (en) 2010-03-02 2014-06-03 Bio-Applications, LLC Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
US20150033456A1 (en) * 2013-08-05 2015-02-05 Salomon S.A.S. Helmet
US20150135417A1 (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-21 Revision Military S.A.R.L. Mandible guard adjustment system
USD740496S1 (en) * 2014-01-14 2015-10-06 Artisent, Llc Mandible shield
USD770691S1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2016-11-01 Robert T. Bayer Facemask
US10136692B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-11-27 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
USD838922S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-01-22 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD844255S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2019-03-26 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US10271605B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2019-04-30 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
USD850014S1 (en) 2018-01-18 2019-05-28 Gentex Corporation Mandible shield
US10362829B2 (en) 2013-12-06 2019-07-30 Bell Sports, Inc. Multi-layer helmet and method for making the same
USD856601S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-08-13 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB350142A (en) * 1931-01-17 1931-06-11 John Peate Improvements in protective head-coverings for babies
US2140716A (en) * 1935-05-13 1938-12-20 Harry M Pryale Protective device for athletic wear
US2276612A (en) * 1941-08-11 1942-03-17 Miriam S Ellis Face guard for infants
US2717384A (en) * 1953-10-12 1955-09-13 Frothingham Irene Child's combined dress and protective hat
US2867811A (en) * 1955-09-13 1959-01-13 John T Riddell Inc Chin strap for helmet
US3274612A (en) * 1965-05-18 1966-09-27 Robert C Merriam Helmet for water sports
DK56976A (en) * 1975-02-13 1976-08-14 Merck Patent Gmbh Process for the preparation of diacetone-2-ketogulonic acid

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB350142A (en) * 1931-01-17 1931-06-11 John Peate Improvements in protective head-coverings for babies
US2140716A (en) * 1935-05-13 1938-12-20 Harry M Pryale Protective device for athletic wear
US2276612A (en) * 1941-08-11 1942-03-17 Miriam S Ellis Face guard for infants
US2717384A (en) * 1953-10-12 1955-09-13 Frothingham Irene Child's combined dress and protective hat
US2867811A (en) * 1955-09-13 1959-01-13 John T Riddell Inc Chin strap for helmet
US3274612A (en) * 1965-05-18 1966-09-27 Robert C Merriam Helmet for water sports
DK56976A (en) * 1975-02-13 1976-08-14 Merck Patent Gmbh Process for the preparation of diacetone-2-ketogulonic acid

Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3886596A (en) * 1973-01-08 1975-06-03 Cav Inc Face guard for a baseball helmet or the like
US3934271A (en) * 1974-11-27 1976-01-27 Jhoon Rhee Protective helmet
US4024587A (en) * 1975-03-03 1977-05-24 Griffin Products Incorporated Helmet conversion kit safety helmet
US4097930A (en) * 1977-03-04 1978-07-04 Bay William P Helmet shield apparatus
US4290150A (en) * 1977-11-08 1981-09-22 G P A International Protective helmets and fastening devices therefor
FR2490466A1 (en) * 1980-09-09 1982-03-26 Paysant Eugene Safety helmet that folds for carrying - has segments of sphere pivoting round axles and locked by circular band
FR2513861A1 (en) * 1981-10-02 1983-04-08 Levy Lozata Claude Crash helmet for motorcyclist - has anti pollution mask with filter pad held by visor with double perforated walls
EP0096148A1 (en) * 1982-06-10 1983-12-21 Ab Akta Barnsäkerhet A helmet for use in recreational activity
FR2550692A1 (en) * 1983-08-19 1985-02-22 Gessalin Jean Assembly device for protective helmets for motorcyclists and the like
EP0134183A1 (en) * 1983-08-19 1985-03-13 Jean Gessalin Retaining device for safety helmets for motor-cyclists
US4641382A (en) * 1983-08-19 1987-02-10 Jean Gessalin Helmet fastening device
US4794652A (en) * 1986-03-07 1989-01-03 Corina Piech von Planta Safety Helmet
US4766615A (en) * 1986-08-01 1988-08-30 Claude Morin Safety helmet
EP0258496A1 (en) * 1986-08-01 1988-03-09 T.A.C. Tongerese Automaten Centrale personenvennootschap met beperkte aansprakelijkheid Protective helmet
EP0395845A1 (en) * 1989-05-05 1990-11-07 AGV S.p.A. Crash-helmet, in particular for motorcyclists
US5263204A (en) * 1991-12-20 1993-11-23 Butsch John L Jaw protection device
EP0586932A2 (en) * 1992-09-11 1994-03-16 F.M. FALLERT MOTOR GmbH & Co, MOTORRADSPORT KG Crash-helmet with a morphologically head fitted lining and method for manufacturing the same
EP0586932A3 (en) * 1992-09-11 1996-05-22 Fallert F M Motor Gmbh Crash-helmet with a morphologically head fitted lining and method for manufacturing the same
US5437064A (en) * 1994-02-22 1995-08-01 Hamaguchi; Melvin M. Protective cap apparatus
US6370698B1 (en) 2000-05-12 2002-04-16 Henry L. Ahl Anti-suffocation helmet
FR2827124A1 (en) * 2001-07-11 2003-01-17 Rodolphe Davy Comfort accessory for motorcycle helmet comprises network of deformable rolls placed inside the helmet
US20040107482A1 (en) * 2001-08-07 2004-06-10 Brooke Picotte Head protector for infants, small children, senior citizens, adults or physically disabled individuals
US7103923B2 (en) * 2001-08-07 2006-09-12 Brooke Picotte Head protector for infants, small children, senior citizens, adults or physically disabled individuals
US10136692B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-11-27 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US10143257B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-12-04 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
WO2005046376A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2005-05-26 Fehervizy Lajos Headband
WO2006114514A1 (en) * 2005-04-25 2006-11-02 Msa Gallet Improvement for the retaining means of a protective helmet
FR2901969A1 (en) * 2005-04-25 2007-12-14 Msa Gallet Sa Improvement for means for maintaining a protective helmet
US10271605B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2019-04-30 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
EP2025255A2 (en) * 2007-08-14 2009-02-18 Head Germany GmbH Protective helmet
EP2025255A3 (en) * 2007-08-14 2010-03-24 Head Germany GmbH Protective helmet
JP2009046796A (en) * 2007-08-14 2009-03-05 Head Germany Gmbh Safety helmet
US8739599B2 (en) 2010-03-02 2014-06-03 Bio-Applications, LLC Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
US9814391B2 (en) 2010-03-02 2017-11-14 Don B. Hennig Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
USD838922S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-01-22 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD856600S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-08-13 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD856601S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-08-13 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US20150033456A1 (en) * 2013-08-05 2015-02-05 Salomon S.A.S. Helmet
US20150135417A1 (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-21 Revision Military S.A.R.L. Mandible guard adjustment system
US9788593B2 (en) * 2013-11-18 2017-10-17 Revision Military S.A.R.L. Mandible guard adjustment system
US10362829B2 (en) 2013-12-06 2019-07-30 Bell Sports, Inc. Multi-layer helmet and method for making the same
USD748347S1 (en) 2014-01-14 2016-01-26 Artisent, Llc Mandible shield
USD740496S1 (en) * 2014-01-14 2015-10-06 Artisent, Llc Mandible shield
USD844255S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2019-03-26 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD770691S1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2016-11-01 Robert T. Bayer Facemask
USD850014S1 (en) 2018-01-18 2019-05-28 Gentex Corporation Mandible shield

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