US2140716A - Protective device for athletic wear - Google Patents

Protective device for athletic wear Download PDF

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Publication number
US2140716A
US2140716A US21238A US2123835A US2140716A US 2140716 A US2140716 A US 2140716A US 21238 A US21238 A US 21238A US 2123835 A US2123835 A US 2123835A US 2140716 A US2140716 A US 2140716A
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United States
Prior art keywords
helmet
crown
wearer
rubber
protective device
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US21238A
Inventor
Harry M Pryale
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Harry M Pryale
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Application filed by Harry M Pryale filed Critical Harry M Pryale
Priority to US21238A priority Critical patent/US2140716A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2140716A publication Critical patent/US2140716A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/08Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions
    • A63B71/10Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions for the head
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/10Linings
    • A42B3/12Cushioning devices

Description

Dec. 20, 1938. Y L 2,140,716

PROTECTIVE DEVICE FOR ATHLETIC WEAR Filed May 15, 19-35 INVENTOR HARRY .PRYALE Wm M ,w wwem ATTORNEYS Patented Dec. 20, 1938 PATENT OFFICE PROTECTIVE DEVICE FOR ATHLETIC WEAR Harry M. Pryale, Pontiac, Mich.

Application May 13, 1935, Serial No. 21,238

wearing apparel and refers more particularly to improvements in headgear of the type employed in connection with athletic wear for protecting the head of the wearer.

One of the principal objects of this invention is to simplify, render more eilicient, and improve generally protective wearing apparel by providing a device of relatively light weight constructed to not only afford maximum comfort to the wearer,

but to also possess sufficient strength to adequately protect the wearer.

The cost of manufacture of devices of the character set forth is appreciably reduced by forming l5 the-body of the device from rubber or some suitable rubber composition molded to the desired shape, and padded or lined with a highly resilient material possessing maximum cushioning qualities, such'as sponge rubber. The latter may be readily cemented or otherwise united to the body and is preferably of relatively great thickness,- so as to not only effectively absorb shocks imparted to the body, but to also permit the same to readily conform to the outline of the portion of the wearer with which the device is intended to be used.

Although the molded rubber body aflords sumcient strength to effectively resist any shocks that may be imparted thereto during normal use,

nevertheless, the strongth of the body may be greatly increased without appreciably increasing the weight and cost of manufacture, by providing anextra thickness of material on certain portions of the body and by embedding suitable reinforcements in the body.

A further advantageous feature of this invention resides in the provision of a protective helmet constructed in accordance with the foregoing and possessing the further feature of being moisture or waterproof. Y

The foregoing, as well as other objects, will be made more apparent as this description proceeds, especially when considered in connection with the accompanying drawing, wherein:

5 Figure 1 is a perspective view of the helmet forming the subject matter of this invention;

Figure 2 is a sectional view through the helmet shown in Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a cross sectional view taken on the 5 plane indicated-by the line 33 of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a sectional view taken substantially on the plane indicated by the line 4-4 of Figure 2; and

Figure 5 is a fragmentary sectional view show- 55 ing a slightly modified form of construction.

It will be apparent as this description proceeds, that the present invention may be advantageously employed in association with protective wearing apparel in general, but for the purpose of 11- lustrating the invention I have selected a helmet 5 of the type employed to protect the head of a person. The helmet-comprises a crown or body I! molded to the desired shape from rubber or from a rubber composition and lined with a highly resilient material ll impervious to moisture. The 10 material also possesses sufllcient cushioning qualities to not only effectively absorb shocks imparted to the crown, butto also readily conform to the contour of the head of the wearer. It has been found that a relatively thick padding of -15 sponge rubber is particularly suitable for the above purpose, and this padding may be cemented, sewed, or otherwise united to the inner surface of the crown, In the present instance, the cushioning effect of the device at the top of so the head is further increased by the provision of ribs l2 extending in directions transverse to each other and preferably formed of the same material as the padding ll. As a matter of fact, the ribs I! may be formed integral with the padding :5 or lining II, and in addition to contributing to the cushioning effect of the lining, provides spaces I! at the top of the head for the circulation of air through the ventilating holes ll formed in the top of the crown.

As shown in Figure 1, the crown is provided with a portion l5 designed to extend around the .back of the head of the wearer and is also provided with ear protecting portions H5 at opposite sides. As shown in Figure 1, the ear protecting 35 portions l6 are formed by recessing the oposite sides of the helmet to provide pockets I! of sumcient dimension to receive the ears and suitable openings l8 are formed in the portions l6 opposite'the ears so that the hearing of the person 40 wearing the helmet will not be impaired. By reference to Figure 1, it will be noted that the helmet is also provided with a forehead protecting portion 20 adapted to extend down over the forehead of the wearer so as to completely protect the 5 same.

Although the molded rubber crown affords suflicient strength to effectively resist all normal shocks that may be imparted thereto, nevertheless, the strength of the crown may be increased by reinforcing the same. The crown may be effectively reinforced by increasing the thickness of the portions of the body it is desired to strengthen and, in the present instance, the portions reinforced in this manner are clearly shown in the accompanying drawing. The aforesaid portions of the helmet are predetermined so that the reactions of shocks imparted to the helmet instead of beingtransmitted directly to the neck of the wearer, are substantially uniformly distributed. In this connection, attention is also directed to the fact that the ear protecting portions ii are reinforced in the region of the openings 22 for the chin strap 23 by embedding fabric 24 in the portions l6 during the molding operat ion. If'desired, the ear protecting portions may be reinforced by embedding cords 25 in .the rubber instead of the fabric mentioned above, and this alternative is shown in Figure 5. Attention is called to the fact at this point, that the foregoing method of reinforcing provides for imparting ample strength to the helmet without resorting to protruding ribs on the exterior surface of the helmet and, as a consequence, this surface may be perfectly smooth, if desired. The elimination of protruding ribs on the exterior surface of the helmet adds materially to the safety of the helmet, since in actual use any protrusions on the helmet have the tendency to interrupt a glancing blow imparted to the helmet and thereby materially amplify the shock. On the other hand, if the surface is smooth, as in the present case, the shock is actually minimized, since the blow merely glances off of the helmet.

Thus from the foregoing, it will be observed that I have provided a helmet molded in one piece from a material containing rubber and comprising a crown having flexible and reinforced portions predetermined to absorb shocks imparted to the helmet, without transmitting the reaction of the shocks directly to the neck of the wearer,

as is the case in many helmets produced in the past. This construction not only aflords maximum strength, but at the same time renders it possible to inexpensively manufacture the helmet. It will further be observed that I have provided a crown of the type previously set forth, lined with a highly resilient material, preferably impervious to moisture, such as sponge rubber, capable of readily conforming to the head of the wearer and capable of effectively absorbing the shocks imparted to the crown.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. Protective wearing apparel comprising a molded shock resisting shield of vulcanized rubber composition conforming substantially to the portion of the wearer with which the same is'in tended to be used, a highly resilient lining of sponge rubber material permanently secured to the shield and having ribs projecting from the inner surface thereof contributing to the resiliency of the lining and forming air spaces.

2. A protective helmet comprising, a molded exterior of vulcanized rubber material, a highly resilient lining of sponge rubber, and ribbing of the same material as the lining extending inwardly from the inner surface of the latter.

3. A protective helmet comprising, a molded one piece crown of vulcanized rubber material, a highly resilient lining of sponge rubber for the crown and transverse ribbing of the same material as the llning extending inwardly from the inner surface of the lining and cooperating to form air spaces communicating with the atmosphere through openings in the crown.

HARRY M. PRYALE.

US21238A 1935-05-13 1935-05-13 Protective device for athletic wear Expired - Lifetime US2140716A (en)

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Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2634415A (en) * 1950-03-11 1953-04-14 Wilson Athletic Goods Mfg Co I Helmet
US2698434A (en) * 1952-08-15 1954-12-28 Ralph D Davia Baseball cap
US2969547A (en) * 1958-12-17 1961-01-31 Edward R Dye Protective head covering
US3103015A (en) * 1962-02-01 1963-09-10 Plastino Mario Head-protecting head gear
US3274612A (en) * 1965-05-18 1966-09-27 Robert C Merriam Helmet for water sports
US3280402A (en) * 1964-10-01 1966-10-25 Schuberth Werk Kg Fa Protective headgear
US3290693A (en) * 1964-12-14 1966-12-13 American Baseball Cap Inc Baseball batter's helmet
US3296582A (en) * 1946-07-23 1967-01-03 John M Ide Underwater listening aid for submerged personnel
US3462763A (en) * 1967-10-03 1969-08-26 Richard C Schneider Impact absorbing protective headgear
US3478365A (en) * 1967-08-21 1969-11-18 Tibor Joseph Varga Protective helmet for babies
US3501772A (en) * 1968-05-08 1970-03-24 Sierra Eng Co Sporting safety helmet
FR2296440A1 (en) * 1974-12-31 1976-07-30 Rhee Jhoon Protective mask for use in sports practice - has flexible elastic element and retainer at rear enclosed in pliable envelope
US4279037A (en) * 1968-08-02 1981-07-21 Morgan Frank S Adjustable headgear suspension
FR2702365A1 (en) * 1993-03-11 1994-09-16 Laffort Marie Francoise Orthodontic and orthopaedic apparatus for posteroanterior traction
US5461730A (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-10-31 Plum Enterprises, Inc. Protective hat
US5535454A (en) * 1994-08-01 1996-07-16 Ryan; Pamela S. Protective helmet with hair entraining aperture
US5666670A (en) * 1994-08-01 1997-09-16 Pamela S. Ryan Protective helmet
US5688045A (en) * 1994-06-07 1997-11-18 Societe Des Etablissements Combrichon Whisk handle with molded plastic coating
US6389607B1 (en) * 2000-09-26 2002-05-21 James C. Wood Soft foam sport helmet
US6401258B1 (en) * 1999-11-04 2002-06-11 Corey Wilson Headgear for sports fans
US6671889B2 (en) 2001-11-14 2004-01-06 Michael R. Dennis Multi-layer, personnel-protective helmet shell with spray-fabricated inner and outer structural layers
US20040025231A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2004-02-12 Ide Thad M. Football helmet
US20060075543A1 (en) * 2004-10-08 2006-04-13 Shelia Shaver Helmet with rearward access aperture
US20080022442A1 (en) * 2006-07-26 2008-01-31 Sheila Shaver Helmet with rearward access aperture
US20080092277A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-04-24 Nelson Kraemer Sports helmet with clamp for securing a chin protector
US20090106882A1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-04-30 Melas, Inc. Helmet with an attachment mechanism for a faceguard
US7536731B1 (en) * 2004-06-14 2009-05-26 Martin Barry Feldman Head covering and insignia display assembly
US20100192286A1 (en) * 2008-10-15 2010-08-05 Vittorio Bologna Buckle for a chin strap assembly for a sports helmet
US20110225706A1 (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-09-22 Brian Pye Hybrid Head Covering
US20130298316A1 (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-11-14 William J. Jacob Energy dissipating helmet utilizing stress-induced active material activation
USD708395S1 (en) 2013-08-23 2014-07-01 Joey LaRocque Protective helmet
US9289024B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2016-03-22 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
USD752821S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-03-29 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD752822S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-03-29 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD752823S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-03-29 Ridell, Inc. Football helmet
US20160091283A1 (en) * 2011-08-17 2016-03-31 The Government Of The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Mesostructure Based Scatterers in Helmet Supension Pads
USD764716S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-08-23 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US9498014B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2016-11-22 Kranos Ip Corporation Protective helmet
USD774257S1 (en) 2015-02-11 2016-12-13 Joey LaRocque Helmet
US9756889B2 (en) 2012-09-10 2017-09-12 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet chinstrap assembly
US9763488B2 (en) 2011-09-09 2017-09-19 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US9788591B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2017-10-17 Riddell, Inc. Quick release connector
USD838922S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-01-22 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US10258100B1 (en) 2012-06-18 2019-04-16 Kranos Ip Corporation Football helmet with raised plateau
US10362829B2 (en) 2013-12-06 2019-07-30 Bell Sports, Inc. Multi-layer helmet and method for making the same
USD856601S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-08-13 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet

Cited By (79)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3296582A (en) * 1946-07-23 1967-01-03 John M Ide Underwater listening aid for submerged personnel
US2634415A (en) * 1950-03-11 1953-04-14 Wilson Athletic Goods Mfg Co I Helmet
US2698434A (en) * 1952-08-15 1954-12-28 Ralph D Davia Baseball cap
US2969547A (en) * 1958-12-17 1961-01-31 Edward R Dye Protective head covering
US3103015A (en) * 1962-02-01 1963-09-10 Plastino Mario Head-protecting head gear
US3280402A (en) * 1964-10-01 1966-10-25 Schuberth Werk Kg Fa Protective headgear
US3290693A (en) * 1964-12-14 1966-12-13 American Baseball Cap Inc Baseball batter's helmet
US3274612A (en) * 1965-05-18 1966-09-27 Robert C Merriam Helmet for water sports
US3478365A (en) * 1967-08-21 1969-11-18 Tibor Joseph Varga Protective helmet for babies
US3462763A (en) * 1967-10-03 1969-08-26 Richard C Schneider Impact absorbing protective headgear
US3501772A (en) * 1968-05-08 1970-03-24 Sierra Eng Co Sporting safety helmet
US4279037A (en) * 1968-08-02 1981-07-21 Morgan Frank S Adjustable headgear suspension
FR2296440A1 (en) * 1974-12-31 1976-07-30 Rhee Jhoon Protective mask for use in sports practice - has flexible elastic element and retainer at rear enclosed in pliable envelope
FR2702365A1 (en) * 1993-03-11 1994-09-16 Laffort Marie Francoise Orthodontic and orthopaedic apparatus for posteroanterior traction
US5461730A (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-10-31 Plum Enterprises, Inc. Protective hat
US5688045A (en) * 1994-06-07 1997-11-18 Societe Des Etablissements Combrichon Whisk handle with molded plastic coating
US5535454A (en) * 1994-08-01 1996-07-16 Ryan; Pamela S. Protective helmet with hair entraining aperture
US5666670A (en) * 1994-08-01 1997-09-16 Pamela S. Ryan Protective helmet
US6401258B1 (en) * 1999-11-04 2002-06-11 Corey Wilson Headgear for sports fans
US6389607B1 (en) * 2000-09-26 2002-05-21 James C. Wood Soft foam sport helmet
US6803005B2 (en) * 2001-11-14 2004-10-12 Mjd Innovations, Llc Method for making multi-layer, personnel-protective helmet shell
US6671889B2 (en) 2001-11-14 2004-01-06 Michael R. Dennis Multi-layer, personnel-protective helmet shell with spray-fabricated inner and outer structural layers
US10136692B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-11-27 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US20050114975A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2005-06-02 Ide Thad M. Face guard for a sports helmet
US6934971B2 (en) * 2002-05-01 2005-08-30 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US20040025231A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2004-02-12 Ide Thad M. Football helmet
US20050278835A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2005-12-22 Ide Thad M Sports helmet
US8938818B2 (en) * 2002-05-01 2015-01-27 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US7036151B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2006-05-02 Riddell, Inc. Face guard for a sports helmet
US7146652B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2006-12-12 Riddell, Inc. Face guard connector assembly for a sports helmet
US7240376B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2007-07-10 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US10143257B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2018-12-04 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US8528118B2 (en) 2002-05-01 2013-09-10 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US7954177B2 (en) * 2002-05-01 2011-06-07 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet
US20050235403A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2005-10-27 Ide Thad M Face guard connector assembly for a sports helmet
US7536731B1 (en) * 2004-06-14 2009-05-26 Martin Barry Feldman Head covering and insignia display assembly
US20060075543A1 (en) * 2004-10-08 2006-04-13 Shelia Shaver Helmet with rearward access aperture
US7802319B2 (en) 2006-07-26 2010-09-28 Sheila Shaver Helmet with rearward access aperture
US20080022442A1 (en) * 2006-07-26 2008-01-31 Sheila Shaver Helmet with rearward access aperture
US7900279B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2011-03-08 Riddell, Inc. Sports helmet with clamp for securing a chin protector
US20080092277A1 (en) * 2006-09-08 2008-04-24 Nelson Kraemer Sports helmet with clamp for securing a chin protector
US20180295923A1 (en) * 2007-04-16 2018-10-18 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US9289024B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2016-03-22 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US9788591B2 (en) 2007-04-16 2017-10-17 Riddell, Inc. Quick release connector
US10271605B2 (en) * 2007-04-16 2019-04-30 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US8209784B2 (en) 2007-10-31 2012-07-03 Kranos Ip Corporation Helmet with an attachment mechanism for a faceguard
US9398783B2 (en) 2007-10-31 2016-07-26 Kranos Ip Corporation Helmet with shell having raised central channel and ear holes with abutting slopped banks
US20090106882A1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-04-30 Melas, Inc. Helmet with an attachment mechanism for a faceguard
US8056151B2 (en) 2008-10-15 2011-11-15 Riddell, Inc. Buckle for a chin strap assembly for a sports helmet
US20100192286A1 (en) * 2008-10-15 2010-08-05 Vittorio Bologna Buckle for a chin strap assembly for a sports helmet
US20110225706A1 (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-09-22 Brian Pye Hybrid Head Covering
US10470514B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2019-11-12 Kranos Ip Corporation Football helmet with movable shell segment
US10470515B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2019-11-12 Kranos Ip Corporation Football helmet with pressable front section
US9498014B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2016-11-22 Kranos Ip Corporation Protective helmet
US10470516B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2019-11-12 Kranos Ip Corporation Impact attenuation system for a protective helmet
US10448691B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2019-10-22 Kranos Ip Corporation Football helmet with movable flexible section
US10357075B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2019-07-23 Kranos Ip Corporation Impact attenuation system for a protective helmet
US10285466B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2019-05-14 Kranos Ip Corporation Football helmet with shell section defined by a non-linear channel
USD856600S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-08-13 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD856601S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-08-13 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD838922S1 (en) 2011-05-02 2019-01-22 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
US20160091283A1 (en) * 2011-08-17 2016-03-31 The Government Of The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Mesostructure Based Scatterers in Helmet Supension Pads
US9763488B2 (en) 2011-09-09 2017-09-19 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet
US20130298316A1 (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-11-14 William J. Jacob Energy dissipating helmet utilizing stress-induced active material activation
US10376011B2 (en) 2012-06-18 2019-08-13 Kranos Ip Corporation Football helmet with raised plateau
US10258100B1 (en) 2012-06-18 2019-04-16 Kranos Ip Corporation Football helmet with raised plateau
US9756889B2 (en) 2012-09-10 2017-09-12 Riddell, Inc. Protective sports helmet chinstrap assembly
USD708395S1 (en) 2013-08-23 2014-07-01 Joey LaRocque Protective helmet
USRE46249E1 (en) 2013-08-23 2016-12-27 Joey LaRocque Protective helmet
US10362829B2 (en) 2013-12-06 2019-07-30 Bell Sports, Inc. Multi-layer helmet and method for making the same
USD752821S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-03-29 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD752822S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-03-29 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD752823S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-03-29 Ridell, Inc. Football helmet
USD844255S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2019-03-26 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD787748S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2017-05-23 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD803483S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2017-11-21 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD764716S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-08-23 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD804105S1 (en) 2014-02-12 2017-11-28 Riddell, Inc. Football helmet
USD774257S1 (en) 2015-02-11 2016-12-13 Joey LaRocque Helmet

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