US3338216A - Writing instrument - Google Patents

Writing instrument

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Publication number
US3338216A
US3338216A US51999666A US3338216A US 3338216 A US3338216 A US 3338216A US 51999666 A US51999666 A US 51999666A US 3338216 A US3338216 A US 3338216A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
nib
ink
end
writing instrument
writing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Sr Frank W Roller
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Esterbrook Pen Co
Original Assignee
Esterbrook Pen Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K1/00Nibs; Writing-points
    • B43K1/06Tubular writing-points
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K8/00Pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls
    • B43K8/02Pens with writing-points other than nibs or balls with writing-points comprising fibres, felt, or similar porous or capillary material

Description

Aug. 29, 1967 w. ROLLER, 3R I 3,338,216

WRITING INSTRUMENT Filed Jan. 11, 1966 F IGI. 42

INVENTOR; FRAN K W. ROLLER,SR,

ATTYS.

United States Patent 3,338,216 WRITING INSTRUMENT Frank W. Roller, Sr., Haddonfield, N.J., assignor to The Esterbrook Pen Company, Cherry Hill, N.J., a corporation of New Jersey Filed Jan. 11, 1966, Ser. No. 519,996 7 Claims. (C].12045.6)

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A nib for a writing instrument including an elongated hollow casing the interior of which defines an ink reservoir, a filler of ink absorbent material housed in the ink reservoir and a nib holder for mounting a nib at one end of the casing which is spaced from the filler. The nib is an elongated member made of a flexible, resilient material such as Delrin and has a star-shaped opening disposed centrally thereof and extending the entire length of the nib. One end of the nib defines a writing tip and is disposed exteriorly of the casing and the opposite end of the nib is adapted to engage in the filler to draw ink therefrom, the star-shaped opening having a plurality of legs of a size to permit the flow of ink therethrough by capillary action.

The present invention relates to writing instruments generally of the type including an ink reservoir, a nib holder adapted to support a writing nib at one end of the reservoir positioned to receive ink by capillary action from an ink carrier housed in the reservoir. More specifically, the present invention relates to a new and improved type of nib for use in a writing instrument of this type.

An object of the present invention is to provide a writing instrument including a new and improved type of nib which is economical to make and which is very effective for the purposes intended.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a nib for a writing instrument characterized by novel features of construction and arrangement which produces a very fine line, insures continuous flow of ink and wherein there is substantially no danger of leakage.

These and other features of the present invention and various features and details of a writing instrument made in accordance with the present invention are hereinafter more fully set forth with reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a writing instrument in accordance with the present invention partly in section so that the internal construction thereof may be seen more readily;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 22 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view through the casing of the instrument taken on line 33 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional View taken on lines 4-4 of FIG. 2 through the tip of the writing instrument;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the tip of the nib; I

FIG. 6 is a schematic illustration of a method for making a nib in accordance with the present invention;

FIG. 7 is an enlarged sectional view taken through the body of the nib along line 7--7 of FIG. 6; and

FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of the nib per se.

Referring now to the drawing and particularly to FIG. 1, there is shown a writing instrument generally designated by the numeral 10. The writing instrument 10 includes an elongated hollow barrel or casing 12 open at both axial ends and which forms an ink reservoir 14 and an elongated ink carrier or filter 16 housed in the reservoir 14. The ink carrier 16 is preferably made of a material such as felt capable of storing a large quantity of ink and as illustrated in FIG. 3, is of generally circular cross section having a longitudinally extending flat side edge portion 16a to define a longitudinally extending vent channel 18 between the flat on the reservoir and the inner peripheral surface of the barrel or casing 12.

The back end of the barrel 12 is closed by a plug 20 held in place by a press fit. The front end of the barrel diverges inwardly to define a restricted opening 22 at its forward end to receive a nib holder 24 which in turn supports a writing nib 26. As illustrated, the writing nib 26 is supported in a manner so that its inner terminal end 30 engages in one end face of the ink carrier 16 and its writing tip 38 projects beyond the nib holder. By this arrangement, ink flows by capillary action from the inner terminal end 30 of the nib 26 to the writing tip 38 as will be explained in more detail hereinafter.

The writing instrument may include a cap 40 which frictionally engages over the tapered front end portion 12a of the barrel 12 to cover the writing tip 38 when the instrument is not in use and which is easily detached from the barrel when it is desired to use the writing instrument. The cap abuts a shoulder 42 on the barrel so that when it is applied over the nib the cap is spaced from and does not press against the writing tip 38.

The nib holder 24 as best illustrated in FIGS. 1, 2 and 4 comprises a forward section 50 which is generally coneshaped and a generally cylindrical rear section 52 of smaller cross section than the largest cross sectional dimension of the cone to define a shoulder 54 at the juncture of the front and rear sections. The nib holder is provided with a central opening 55 of circular cross section. The rear section which is of a size to resiliently engage in the opening 22 in the front of the barrel, is provided With axially extending, diametrically opposed slots 56 defining axial air passages communicating with the interior of the barrel, the slots 56 extending forwardly into a portion of the cone-shaped forward section 50 to define radial air passageways 57. By this construction, the rear section of the nib holder is divided into a pair of opposed flexible wing segments 59.

A suitable material for the barrel 12, cap 40, plug 20, and nib holder 24 is a flexible resilient plastic material for example, nylon or propylene.

Now in assembling the writing instrument of the present invention, the ink carrier 16 is placed inside of the reservoir 14 of the barrel from the rear axial end thereof. The rear plug 20 is then pressed into place in the rear axial end of the barrel. Thereafter, a suitable supply of ink may be deposited in the opening 22 in the front of the barrel to saturate the carrier. The nib 26 is then positioned inside of the nib holder with the writing tip 38 projecting slightly beyond the front end of the holder. The pilot portion or rear section of the nib holder 24 is then engaged in the opening 22 in the front of the barrel, the wings 59 having a cross section to provide a snug press fit with the barrel. It is noted that when the nib holder is inserted, the wings 59 press against the nib 26 to hold it in a firm position in the holder. When the nib holder is completely assembled, the rear terminal end 30 of the nib presses into the front face of the ink reservoir to insure good transfer of ink from the filler to the writing tip. The writing instrument is now ready for use, the air passageways providing the desired venting of the inside of the barrel.

Considering now more specifically the details of construction of the nib 26, the nib is preferably made from a resilient, flexible material which is impervious to various types of Writing fluids that may be used in the writing instrument. A suitable material for the nib has been found to be an extruded thermoplastic resin, such as that sold by the E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company under the trade name Delrin. The nib is generally of circular cross section as shown in FIG. 7 and has a star-shaped opening 60 disposed centrally thereof and running the entire length of the nib to permit flow of ink therethrough by capillary action. Further as illustrated, the writing tip is conical and preferably tapers at an included angle of about 30. The rear terminal end 30 of the nib is also cone-shaped having a rounded end portion. However, it has been found that for optimum transfer of ink through the nib by capillary action, the included angle of taper of the rear section ispreferably smaller than the coneshaped Writing tip. Further, the star-shaped opening 60 'in the nib defines six circumferentially equispaced ventnib. Each of these legs is of comparatively small cross section D. It has been found that for optimum flow of .the ink through the nib, the cross sectional dimension D of the legs may be in the order of 0.005 inch to 0.0025 inch. The width of the legs in the nib will depend on the type of ink used, the viscosity of the writing fluid and other factors. The external diameter of the nib may vary, however, the length L of aligned legs of the nib should be in the range of from 0.020 to 0.030 less than the external diameter of the nib. Further it has been found that while six circumferentially equispaced legs provide a good transfer of ink, four may be suitable and a number greater than six may also provide the desired ink flow.

There is illustrated in FIG. 6 a schematic arrangement for producing nibs of the type described above. As illustrated therein, the nib material may be extruded through a suitable die 70 to provide an elongated rod 72 having the central star-shaped opening therein. As the rods are extruded, a double-faced grinder 74 engages the rod at a selected location to provide a nib of the desired length and simultaneously form the rear section and writing tip of the nib. It is, of course, to be understood that this method is one means of making a nib, and that other suitable means may be employed for making the nib having the characteristics of the nib described above.

It is further noted that even though the nib of the pres ent invention is illustrated and described in conjunction with a writing instrument having an ink carrier made of felt, the nib may also be used in a writing instrument where the ink is stored in a cartridge or the like.

While a particular embodiment of the present invention has been illustrated and described herein, it is not intended to limit the invention and changes and modifica- 4 tions may be made therein within the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. In a writing instrument including an elongated hollow casing defining an ink reservoir, a filler for the ink reservoir and a nib holder for mounting a nib at one end of the casing, the nib holder being spaced from the filler, a nib comprising an elongated member having a starshaped opening disposed centrally thereof and extending the entire length thereof, a writing tip at one end of said nib disposed exteriorly of the casing and a rear terminal end opposite said one end of said nib adapted to engage the filler to draw ink therefrom, said star-shaped opening having a plurality of legs of a size to permit flow of ink therethrough by capillary action.

2. In a writing instrument as claimed in claim 1 wherein the nib is made of a resilient, flexible material.

3. In a writing instrument as claimed in claim 2 wherein said material is a thermoplastic resin.

4. In a writing instrument as claimed in claim 1 wherein said writing tip is conical and preferably tapered at an included angle of approximately 30 and wherein the rear terminal end of the nib is cone shaped and is tapered at an included angle less than the angle of taper of the writ ing tip.

5. In a writing instrument as claimed in claim 1 wherein the star-shaped opening in the nib defines six circumferentially equispaced venting legs in the writing tip and a similar number of absorption legs in the rear terminal end thereof.

6. In a writing instrument as claimed in claim 5 wherein each of said legs is of comparatively small cross section of between approximately 0.005 inch to 0.0025 inch.

7. In a writing instrument as claimed in claim 5 wherein the length of aligned legs of the nib are approximately 0.020 to 0.030 less than the external diameter of the nib.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,878,879 9/1932 Mon -112 2,872,899 2/ 1959 Trespalacios 120-45 .6 3,1 13,336 12/ 1963 Langnickel 15563 3,203,025 8/1965 Schreur 12045.6

FOREIGN PATENTS 200,473 4/ 1958 Austria.

LAWRENCE CHARLES, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. IN A WRITING INSTRUMENT INCLUDING AN ELONGATED HOLLOW CASING DEFINING AN INK RESERVOIR, A FILLER FOR THE INK RESERVOIR AND A NIB HOLDER FOR MOUNTING A NIB AT ONE END OF THE CASING, THE NIB HOLDER BEING SPACED FROM THE FILLER, OF NIB COMPRISING AN ELONGATED MEMBER HAVING A STARSHAPED OPENING DISPOSED CENTRALLY THEREOF AND EXTENDING THE ENTIRE LENGTH THEREOF, A WRITING TIP AT ONE END OF SAID NIB EXPOSED EXTERIORLY OF THE CASING AND A REAR TERMINAL END OPPOSITE SAID ONE END OF SAID NIB ADAPTED TO ENGAGE THE FILLER TO DRAW INK THEREFROM, SAID STAR-SHAPED OPENING HAVING A PLURALITY OF LEGS OF A SIZE TO PERMIT FLOW OF INK THERETHROUGH BY CAPILLARY ACTION.
US3338216A 1966-01-11 1966-01-11 Writing instrument Expired - Lifetime US3338216A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3338216A US3338216A (en) 1966-01-11 1966-01-11 Writing instrument
DEE0033228 1967-01-18

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3338216A US3338216A (en) 1966-01-11 1966-01-11 Writing instrument
GB131967A GB1117834A (en) 1966-01-11 1967-01-10 Writing instrument
DE19671561819 DE1561819B2 (en) 1966-01-11 1967-01-18
JP1937277A JPS541210B1 (en) 1966-01-11 1977-02-25

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US3338216A true US3338216A (en) 1967-08-29

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DE (1) DE1561819B2 (en)
GB (1) GB1117834A (en)

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3404055A (en) * 1967-08-17 1968-10-01 Rapidograph Inc Method for assembling miniature tubing
US3518019A (en) * 1967-03-28 1970-06-30 Kinichi Nakamura Synthetic resin penpoint
US3520629A (en) * 1968-07-18 1970-07-14 Teibow Co Ltd Writing instruments
US3614247A (en) * 1968-12-10 1971-10-19 Teibow Co Ltd Writing instrument structure
US3614248A (en) * 1967-07-25 1971-10-19 Katsumi Otsuka Pen wick made of synthetic resin
US3687561A (en) * 1971-04-23 1972-08-29 Phillip Phillips Writing implement
JPS4811881Y1 (en) * 1968-06-06 1973-03-30
JPS4920422Y1 (en) * 1967-10-16 1974-05-31
JPS4920428Y1 (en) * 1968-11-07 1974-05-31
JPS4920425Y1 (en) * 1968-08-14 1974-05-31
JPS4920427Y1 (en) * 1968-11-07 1974-05-31
JPS4921610Y1 (en) * 1969-02-08 1974-06-10
US3873218A (en) * 1972-04-26 1975-03-25 Sakura Color Prod Corp Writing instrument for low-viscous ink without an absorbing fibrous bundle
US3933965A (en) * 1973-05-11 1976-01-20 Global Control Corporation Process for the manufacture of rods of thermoplastic material, having internal capillary ducts, for the preparation of pen nibs incorporating capillary ink ducts
JPS51154233U (en) * 1975-05-31 1976-12-09
US4051287A (en) * 1974-12-12 1977-09-27 Teijin Limited Raised woven or knitted fabric and process for producing the same
JPS555850A (en) * 1978-06-28 1980-01-17 Shachihata Industrial Method of making core for pen
US4208145A (en) * 1977-12-17 1980-06-17 Pentel Kabushiki Kaisha Nib for writing instruments
US4217060A (en) * 1976-03-11 1980-08-12 Sakura Color Products Corporation Synthetic resin nib
EP0038162A1 (en) * 1980-04-14 1981-10-21 Teibow Company Limited Apparatus for producing a continuous nib rod for a writing instrument
EP0042289A1 (en) * 1980-06-16 1981-12-23 Graphic Controls Corporation Improved instrument marker pen
DE3240250A1 (en) * 1981-11-02 1983-05-19 Shachihata Industrial Schreibgeraet with metallic write ball
FR2856012A1 (en) * 2003-06-10 2004-12-17 Isaac Emile Leon Steidl Ink application device for use in e.g. ball point pen, comprises metallic tip provided with reservoir and rounded end, and capillary channels distributed on rounded end
CN103158396A (en) * 2011-12-15 2013-06-19 山中镇雄 Conical nib and writing instrument using the same

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2065565B (en) * 1979-12-21 1983-07-20 Pilot Ink Co Ltd Ball-point pen tip and ball-point pen provided with same
GB2152880B (en) * 1984-01-18 1987-08-19 Gillette Co Nibs

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1878879A (en) * 1932-01-15 1932-09-20 Mon Pete Duplex pen
US2872899A (en) * 1957-12-02 1959-02-10 Trespalacios Basilio Writing instrument
US3113336A (en) * 1962-01-03 1963-12-10 Langnickel Arvid Ink marker
US3203025A (en) * 1962-08-15 1965-08-31 Pacific Res Lab Writing instrument

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1878879A (en) * 1932-01-15 1932-09-20 Mon Pete Duplex pen
US2872899A (en) * 1957-12-02 1959-02-10 Trespalacios Basilio Writing instrument
US3113336A (en) * 1962-01-03 1963-12-10 Langnickel Arvid Ink marker
US3203025A (en) * 1962-08-15 1965-08-31 Pacific Res Lab Writing instrument

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3518019A (en) * 1967-03-28 1970-06-30 Kinichi Nakamura Synthetic resin penpoint
US3614248A (en) * 1967-07-25 1971-10-19 Katsumi Otsuka Pen wick made of synthetic resin
US3404055A (en) * 1967-08-17 1968-10-01 Rapidograph Inc Method for assembling miniature tubing
JPS4920422Y1 (en) * 1967-10-16 1974-05-31
JPS4811881Y1 (en) * 1968-06-06 1973-03-30
US3520629A (en) * 1968-07-18 1970-07-14 Teibow Co Ltd Writing instruments
JPS4920425Y1 (en) * 1968-08-14 1974-05-31
JPS4920427Y1 (en) * 1968-11-07 1974-05-31
JPS4920428Y1 (en) * 1968-11-07 1974-05-31
US3614247A (en) * 1968-12-10 1971-10-19 Teibow Co Ltd Writing instrument structure
JPS4921610Y1 (en) * 1969-02-08 1974-06-10
US3687561A (en) * 1971-04-23 1972-08-29 Phillip Phillips Writing implement
US3873218A (en) * 1972-04-26 1975-03-25 Sakura Color Prod Corp Writing instrument for low-viscous ink without an absorbing fibrous bundle
US3933965A (en) * 1973-05-11 1976-01-20 Global Control Corporation Process for the manufacture of rods of thermoplastic material, having internal capillary ducts, for the preparation of pen nibs incorporating capillary ink ducts
US4051287A (en) * 1974-12-12 1977-09-27 Teijin Limited Raised woven or knitted fabric and process for producing the same
JPS5418263Y2 (en) * 1975-05-31 1979-07-11
JPS51154233U (en) * 1975-05-31 1976-12-09
US4217060A (en) * 1976-03-11 1980-08-12 Sakura Color Products Corporation Synthetic resin nib
US4208145A (en) * 1977-12-17 1980-06-17 Pentel Kabushiki Kaisha Nib for writing instruments
JPS555850A (en) * 1978-06-28 1980-01-17 Shachihata Industrial Method of making core for pen
EP0038162B1 (en) * 1980-04-14 1984-02-01 Teibow Company Limited Apparatus for producing a continuous nib rod for a writing instrument
EP0038162A1 (en) * 1980-04-14 1981-10-21 Teibow Company Limited Apparatus for producing a continuous nib rod for a writing instrument
EP0042289A1 (en) * 1980-06-16 1981-12-23 Graphic Controls Corporation Improved instrument marker pen
DE3240250A1 (en) * 1981-11-02 1983-05-19 Shachihata Industrial Schreibgeraet with metallic write ball
DE3240250C2 (en) * 1981-11-02 1985-05-02 Shachihata Industry Co., Ltd., Nagoya, Aichi, Jp
US4531853A (en) * 1981-11-02 1985-07-30 Shachihata Industry Co., Ltd. Writing instrument with a metal wire point
FR2856012A1 (en) * 2003-06-10 2004-12-17 Isaac Emile Leon Steidl Ink application device for use in e.g. ball point pen, comprises metallic tip provided with reservoir and rounded end, and capillary channels distributed on rounded end
CN103158396A (en) * 2011-12-15 2013-06-19 山中镇雄 Conical nib and writing instrument using the same
EP2604442A1 (en) * 2011-12-15 2013-06-19 Shizuo Yamanaka Conical nib and writing instrument using the same
CN103158396B (en) * 2011-12-15 2016-05-04 山中镇雄 Conical tip pens and stationery Applications

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB1117834A (en) 1968-06-26 application
DE1561819B2 (en) 1973-04-05 application
DE1561819A1 (en) 1970-04-02 application

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