US3295334A - Heat operated refrigerator operable on gas or electricity and control mechanism therefor - Google Patents

Heat operated refrigerator operable on gas or electricity and control mechanism therefor Download PDF

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US3295334A
US3295334A US424278A US42427865A US3295334A US 3295334 A US3295334 A US 3295334A US 424278 A US424278 A US 424278A US 42427865 A US42427865 A US 42427865A US 3295334 A US3295334 A US 3295334A
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gas
means
switch
valve
part
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US424278A
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Hultgren Nils Lennart
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Electrolux AB
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B49/00Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F25B49/04Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for sorption type machines, plant or systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D11/00Self-contained movable devices, e.g. domestic refrigerators
    • F25D11/02Self-contained movable devices, e.g. domestic refrigerators with cooling compartments at different temperatures
    • F25D11/027Self-contained movable devices, e.g. domestic refrigerators with cooling compartments at different temperatures of the sorption cycle type

Description

Jan. 3, 1967 HEAT OPERATED REFRIGERATOR OPERABLE ON GAS OR ELECTRICITY L. HULTGREN AND CONTROL MECHANISM THEREFOR 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 9 F 50 ELECTRIC 5/ 54- SWITCH v VALVE 59 INVENTOR A; ATTORNEY Jan. 3, 1967 N. L. HULTGREN 3,295,334

' HEAT OPERATED REFRIGERATOR OPERABLE ON GAS OR ELECTRICITY AND CONTROL MECHANISM THEREFOR Filed Jan. 8. 1965 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 *T-ISTH 76 I'm-"Kw I i I K -53 Z INVEVZZtM Qff/wd v M ATTORNEY Jan. 3, 1967 N. HULTGREN' 3,295,334

HEAT OPERATED REFRIGERATOR OPERABLE ON GAS OR ELECTRICITY AND CONTROL MECHANISM THEREFOR 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Jan. 8. 1965 avg? @ATTORNEY N. L. HULTGREN Jan. 3, 1967 HEAT OPERATED REFRIGERATOR OPERABLE ON GAS OR ELECTRICITY AND CONTROL MECHANISM THEREFOR 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Jan. 8, 1965 A ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,295,334 HEAT OPERATED REFRIGERATUR OPERABLE 0N GAS 0R ELECTRICITY AND CONTROL MECHA- NISM THEREFOR Nils Lennart Hultgren, Stockholm, Sweden, assignor to Aktieholaget Electrolux, Stockholm, Sweden, a corporation of Sweden Filed Jan. 8, 1965, Ser. No. 424,278 9 (Ilairns. (Cl. 62143) My invention relates to heat operated refrigerators of the type alternatively employing gas and electricity as power sources and in which cooling is effected by a refrigeration unit having a heat receiving part.

It has already been proposed to provide specially constructed control mechanism to control the operation of heat operated refrigerators of this type for mobile homes like travel trailers, for example. In such specially constructed control mechanism a single control member is employed which is operatively associated with a gas valve and an electric switch and in one position of which the heat operated refrigerator is adapted to be operated by gas and in the other by electricity.

An object of my invention is to provide a heat operated refrigerator of this type having an improved control mechanism which is of simplified construction and requires a minimum number of parts for alternatively employing gas and electricity as power sources and prevents the refrigerator from being connected to either one of the power sources when the control mechanism is functioning to connect the refrigerator to the other of the power sources. I accomplish this by respectively providing in the electrical and gas supply lines an electrical switch and a gas valve having independent manually operable control members movable in paths of movement which interfere with one another in such manner that, when the switch is closed, the manually operable control member therefor physically blocks and prevents movement of the manually operable gas valve control member from its valve closed to its valve open position; and, when the gas valve is open, the manually operable control member therefor physically blocks and prevents movement of the manually operable electric switch control member from its switch open to its switch closed position.

Another object of my invention is to provide a heat operated refrigerator of this type having an improved control mechanism of simplified construction which can be readily assembled with inexpensive electrical switches and gas valves of conventional design.

Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds, and the features of novelty which characterize any invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification.

In the drawing:

FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view of a mobile home refrigerator provided with heating equipment embodying my invention;

FIG. 2 illustrates more or less diagrammatically heat operated refrigeration apparatus suitable for use in the refrigerator shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a diagrammatic representation of circuits for controlling the heating of the heat receiving part of the refrigeration apparatus shown in FIGS. 1 and 2;

FIGS. 4 and 5 are side vertical views, partly in section, of parts shown in FIG. 3, movable control parts being illustrated in different positions in the two figures;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary sectional View taken at line 6--6 of FIG. 5;

FIGS. 7 and 8 are front elevational views taken at lines 7-7 and 88, respectively, of FIGS. 4 and 5;

FIG. 9 is a top plan view, partly in section, of parts like those in FIGS. 4 to 8, illustrating a modification of my invention; and

FIG. 10 is a vertical view taken at line 1010 of FIG. 9.

Referring to FIG. 1, I have shown my invention in connection with a mobile home refrigerator 10 comprising a cabinet 11 having thermally insulated walls 12 defining a storage compartment 14 into which access may be gained by a door 15 hinged to the front of the cabinet. Within the storage compartment 14 is disposed a cooling element or evaporator 16 of suitable heat operated refrigeration apparatus. Although I do not wish to be limited thereto, the heat operated refrigeration apparatus may be of a uniform pressure absorption type which is well known in the art. In refrigeration apparatus of this type, the cooling element 16 is connected to other parts, including a generator 17, which are mounted on the cabinet 11 and positioned in the vertically extending space 18 at the rear of the cabinet.

In heat operated refrigeration apparatus of this kind refrigerant vapor is expelled from absorption liquid in a vapor lift pipe 19 of the generator 17, as shown in FIG. 2. The expelled refrigerant vapor passes through a conduit 20 to a condenser 21. The refrigerant vapor is liquified in the condenser 21 and flows into the evaporator 16 in which the refrigerant evaporates and diffuses into an inert gas to produce a refrigerating effect. The resulting gas mixture of refrigerant and inert gas flows from the evaporator 16 to an absorber 22 which may be of an air-cooled type including a coil 23 and an absorber vessel 24 to which the lower end of the coil is connected, such gas mixture entering theabsorber vessel 24 through a heat exchanger 25 and a conduit 26.

In the absorber 22 refrigerant is absorbed from the gas mixture into absorption liquid which is delivered thereto through a conduit 27, and the absorption liquid enriched in refrigerant passes into the absorber vessel 24. The inert gas is returned from the absorber 22 to the evaporator 16 in a path of flow including a conduit 28 and heat exchanger 25, and the enriched absorption liquid is conducted through a conduit 29 and inner pipe 30 of a liquid heat exchanger 31 to the generator 17.

The absorption liquid raised in vapor lift pipe 19 and from which refrigerant vapor has been expelled fiows by gravity from a standpipe 32 through the outer pipe 33 of liquid heat exchanger 31 and conduit 27 into the upper part of absorber coil 23. A vent conduit 34 connects the lower end of the condenser 21 and the passage of the heat exchanger 25 through which the gas mixture flows from the evaporator 16.

Absorption solution enriched in refrigerant flows from the absorber vessel 24 through the liquid heat exchange-r 31 into the lower end of vapor lift pipe 19 which is in thermal exchange relation at 36 with a heating tube 35. The heating tube 35 is arranged to be heated by an electrical heating element 37 disposed within the tube. Vapor generated in the vapor lift pipe 19 by heating effected by the heating tube 35 raises liquid therein by vapor lift action and flows from the upper end thereof through the upper part of standpipe 32 into conduit 20 and passes to the condenser 21, as previously explained.

The generator 17 in its entirety, together with a major portion of the liquid heat exchanger 31, are embedded in a body of insulation 38 retained in a metal shell or casing 39 having an opening 40 at the bottom thereof. The heating tube 35 is embedded in a part of the insulation 38 which is intermediate the ends thereof and spaced from the top and bottom ends of the shell 39. Electrical conductors 41 and 42 for the electrical heating element 37 pass through the bottom opening 40 of the shell 39 and extend through the insulation 38. The heating tube 35 snugly receives the heating element 37 which may comprise a cartridge housing an electrical wire or the like having a relatively high resistance that generates heat when connectedto a source of electrical energy. It is usually the practice to provide a passage in the body of insulation 38 which extends to the exterior of the insulating body, so that the electrical heating element 37 may be readily inserted into and removed from the heating tube 35.

As best shown in FIG. 2, the generator 17 is arranged to be operated at will by two independent sources of heat, each of which alone is capable of supplying heat at an adequate rate and at a sufficiently elevated temperature to the vapor lift pipe 19 to effect normal operation of the refrigeration apparatus under all conditions under which the apparatus is intended to be operated. This is accomplished by providing a second heating flue 43 which is in thermal exchange relation at 44 with the vapor lift pipe 19. A fluid fuel burner 45 is arranged to be supported in an upright position within the bottom part 43a of the heating flue, so that the combustion gases will be used most effectively for heating the heating flue 43. The burner 45 is connected to a source of supply of gaseous fuel by a pipe 46.

The generator 17 constitutes the heat receiving part of the refrigeration apparatus. The lower end 43a of the heating flue 43 projects through an opening in the bottom of the shell 39 into the rear part of a space 18a below the storage compartment 14. The space 18a is accessible through an opening 18b at the front of the cabinet 11 adapted to be closed by a removable closure member or hinged door (not shown). The heating flue 43 is provided with a riser or flue extension 43b which extends upwardly in the rear apparatus space 18 and is mounted in position in any suitable manner. The upper end of the riser 43b may be flush with an apertured member 11a so that natural circulation of air may take place in the rear apparatus space 18 to promote cooling of parts, such as the condenser 21 and absorber 23, of the refrigeration apparatus.

When refrigeration apparatus like that illustrated in FIG. 2 is intended to be operated electrically, the electrical conductors 41 and 42 are connected to a suitable source of electrical supply. When the refrigeration apparatus of FIG. 2 is intended to be operated by a gaseous fuel, the burner 45 is connected to a source of supply of the fuel and ignited. When the electrical heating element 37 and burner 45 inadvertently are operated at the same time, the generator 17 is subjected to excessive heating which tends to shorten the life of the refrigeration apparatus. It is therefore desirable to protect the refrigeration apparatus so that, when the apparatus is connected to one of the sources of heat, the apparatus cannot be connected to the other source of heat.

Such a protective arrangement is diagrammatically shown in FIG. 3 in which the electrical heating element 37 is connected to a source S of electrical energy by the conductors 41 and 42, a switch 47 being connected in the conductor 42. The burner 45 is connected to a source S of gaseous fuel by the conduit 46 in which is connected a manually operable valve 48. The pipe 46 is also provided with a valve 49 having a thermal member 50 associated therewith which functions to keep valve 49 open when a flame is being maintained at the burner 45 and to close valve 49 when the burner flame is extinguished.

The burner 45 is provided with a lighter tube 51 into which gaseous fuel is diverted from the supply conduit 46. The outer free end of the lighter tube 51 terminates at a discharge orifice 52 for maintaining a pilot flame at the vicinity of the thermal member 50. In the lighter tube 51 is provided a valve 53 which is spring biased to its closed position and can be opened by manipulating a push button 54. To start the burner 45 valve 48 may be opened and the push button 54 then pressed to open valve 53, whereby gaseous fuel can flow through the lighter tube 51 and the fuel discharged from the orifice 52 can be ignited to provide a pilot flame which functions to heat the thermal member 50. When the latter is heated sufficiently it in turn functions to open valve 49 and supply fuel to the burner 45 which is ignited by the pilot flame, whereupon the push button 54 may be released to close valve 53 and shut off the pilot flame.

During normal operation of the refrigeration apparatus when either the electrical heater 37 or the gaseous fuel burner 45 alone is functioning to supply heat to the vaporexpulsion unit 11, the different parts of the unit are heated to elevated temperatures which are Within a safe operating range which does not impair the life of the refrigeration apparatus. However, if both the electrical heater 37 and the gaseous fuel burner 45 were allowed to function at the same time for a prolonged interval of time to supply heat to the generator 17, the different parts of the unit would be heated to abnormally high elevated temperatures and tend to shorten the life of the refrigeration apparatus.

In accordance with my invention, in order to insure that the different parts of the generator 17 always will be heated to elevated temperatures which are within a safe operating range, the heating equipment just described embodies means whereby, when either the electrical heater 37 or the gaseous fuel burner 45 is connected to supply heat to the generator 17, the other cannot be rendered operable to supply heat to the refrigeration unit.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 4 to8 the electric switch 47 and gas valve 48 are respectively mounted at 55 and 56 to a bracket 57 which may be mounted in any suitable manner (not shown) in the forward part of the space 18a of the cabinet 11. The switch 47 is provided with a housing 47a and may be of a conventional type referred to as a toggle switch having an independent manually movable operating member or part 58 which snaps vertically between an upper off position and a lower on position, as illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 8.

The gas valve 48 may be of a conventional type having an independent manually movable operating member or arm 59 connected to a rotatable plug 59a having a passage 59b therethrough. The operating member 59 formsa unitary part of the rotatable element of the gas valve 48 and is manually movable between a vertical valve closed position shown in FIGS. 5 and 8 and a horizontal valve open position shown in FIGS. 4 and 7.

It will now be understood that the independent switch operating member 58 is manually movable in a vertical path of movement between its upper open or off position shown in FIGS. 4 and 7 and its lower closed or on position shown in FIGS. 5 and 8; and that the independent gas valve operating member 59 is manually movable in an angluar path of movement between its downwardly-depending valve closed position shown in FIGS. 5 and 8 and its horizontal valve open position shown in FIGS. 4 and 7.

In accordance with my invention, the independent manually movable operating members 58 and 59 are movable in paths of movement which interfere with one another in such manner that the switch operating member 58 in its down or lower switch closed position will physically block movement of the gas valve operating member 59 from its vertical valve closed position toward its horizontal valve open position, and the gas valve operating member 59 in its horizontal valve open position will physically block downward movement of the switch operating member 58 from its upper switch open position toward its lower switch closed position. I accomplish this by fixing to the gas valve operating member 59 at 590 a plate 60 which is of the shape shown in FIGS. 7 and 8. As best shown in FIGS. 4, 7 and 8, the plate 60 includes a first portion which is L-shaped in section and has a long arm 60a thereof forming a quadrant of a circle with a curved peripheral edge 6012 extending through an angle of The short arm 600 of the L-shaped first portion of the plate 60 is essentially parallel to the gas valve operating arm 59 and in endto-end relation therewith, as best shown in FIGS. 7 and 8.

The plate 60 includes a second portion 60d which constitutes an extension of the short arm 600 of the L-shapedfirst portion. The second portion 60d of the plate 60 is joined to the operating arm 59 and is coextensive therewith in the direction of its length. Essentially, the extension 60d of the plate 60 functions as a component or part of the independently movable gas valve operating member 59, as best shown in FIG. 5. i

Let us assume that the refrigerator is connected to the electrical source of supply S and the switch 47 is closed and the independent switch operating arm 58 is in its lower closed or on position, as illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 8; and that the independent gas valve operating member 59 is in its vertical or valve closed position shown in FIGS. 5 and 8. Under these conditions, the switch operating member 58 is in the path of movement of the plate 60 and physically blocks and prevents movement of the plate in a counterclockwise direction in FIG. 8. Since the switch operating arm 58 is in the path of movement of the plate 60, the gas valve operating arm 59 cannot be moved from its vertical valve closed position toward its horizontal valve open position.

Let us now assume that the refrigerator 10 is connected to the source of supply S of gaseous fuel and the gas valve operating arm 59 is in its horizontal valve open position illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 7; and that the independent switch operating member 58 is in its upper or switch open or off position shown in FIGS. 4 and 7. Under these conditions, the plate 60 is in the path of movement of the switch operating member 58 and physically blocks and prevents downward movement of the independent switch operating member in the manner shown in FIGS. 4 and 7.

Each of the operating members 58 and 59, which are independently movable about axes perpendicular to one another, are movable with respect to the other. Therefore, the independent operating members 58 and 59 can be manually moved to their switch open and valve closed positions at the same time to disconnect the refrigerator 10 from both the sources of supply of electricity and gaseous fuel.

In FIG. 8 the switch operating member 58 in itSl switch on or closed position interferes with the move ment of the plate 60 ata zone 60a at one end of the quadrant 60a. In FIG. 7 the plate 60 at a zone 60a" at the opposite end of the quadrant 60a interferes with the movement of the switch operating member 58.

In FIGS. 9 and 10, I have shown another embodiment of my invention in which parts similar to those illustrated in FIGS. 4 to 8 are referred to by the same reference numerals to which 100 has been added. In FIGS. 9 and 10 the electric switch 147 within the housing 147a is fixed at 155 to the horizontal arm 157a of an L-shaped bracket 157. The switch 147 is connected in a conductor 142 corresponding to the conductor 42 in FIG. 3. The switch 147 is of the snap-acting type and provided with an independent operating member 158 manually movable back and forth between the solid and dotted line positions illustrated in FIG. 10.

The gas valve 148 is fixed at 156 to the vertical arm 15719 of the L-shaped bracket 157. The gas valve 148 is provided with an apertured turnable plug similar to the plug 59a in FIG. 6 and connected in a pipe 146 COI'I'B-l sponding to the pipe 46 in FIG. 3. The independent gas valve operating member 159 is manually movable between the solid and dotted line positions illustrated in FIG. 9.

Let us assume that the refrigerator 10 is connected to the electrical source of supply and the switch 147 is closed and the switch operating arm 158 is in the dotted line position in FIG. 10 which designates the switch closed or on position; and that the gas valve operating arm 159 is in its vertical solid line position in FIG. 10 which designates the valve closed position. Under 'open or off position.

these conditions, the switch operating arm 158 in dotted lines in FIG. 10 is in front of the gas valve operating arm 159 and in the path of movement of the gas valve operating arm and physically blocks and prevents movement of the arm 159 in a counterclockwise direction in FIG. 9.

Let us now assume that the refrigerator 10 is connected to the source of supply of gaseous fuel and the gas valve operating arm 159 is in the horizontal dotted line position in FIG. 9 which designates the gas valve open position; and that the switch operating arm 158 is in its solid line position in FIG. 10 which designates the switch Under these conditions, the gas valve operating arm 159 in dotted lines in FIG. 9 is in back of the switch operating arm 158 and in the path of movement of the switch operating arm and physically blocks and prevents rearward movement of the operating arm 158 to its dotted line position in FIG. 10 and prevents the arm 158 from moving to its switch closed or on position.

Let us assume that the gas valve operating arm 159 is in its solid linevertical position in FIG. 9 and the switch operating arm 158 in FIG. 9 is moved rearward and in its switch closed position indicated in dotted lines in FIG. 10. Under these conditions, it will be observed that the gas valve operating arm 159 can be moved countel-clockwise a short distance before it will strike the switch operating arm 158. In this situation, the switch operating arm 158, which is in its closed position, will physically block and prevents movement of the gas valve operating arm 159 after initial movement of the arm 159 from its vertical valve closed position toward its horizontal valve open position. However, the switch operating arm 158 still functions to physically block and prevents movement of the gas valve operating arm 159 under these assumed conditions while the arm 159 still is in a position in its path of movement to effect closing of the gas valve 159.

With this construction anyone attempting to move the gas valve operating handle 159 from its vertical closed position toward its horizontal open position will be made aware at once that the switch operating arm 158 is in a switch closed position and must be shifted to its switch open position before the gas valve operating arm can be moved to its horizontal open position.

In view of the foregoing, it will now be understood that in the embodiment of FIGS. 4 to 8 and in the embodiment of FIGS. 9 and 10, it is always necessary to manually move one of the independently operable switch and gas valve operating arms 58 and 59 or 158 and 159 to its inoperative position before the other of the independently operable switch and gas valve operating arms can be moved to its operative position. This always will require two separate movements of the switch and gas valve operating arms to shift from gas to electric operation of the refrigerator 10 or vice versa.

While I have shown and described particular embodimonts of the invention, it will be apparent that modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, as set forth in the claims.

I claim:

1. In combination with a refrigerating system of the type alternatively employing gas and electricity as power sources and in which cooling is effected by a refrigeration unit having a heat receiving part, of a gas burner heating means adapted to heat the heat receiving part, means for supplying gas energy to said burner heating means, electrical heating means adapted to heat the heat receiving part, means for conducting electrical energy to said electrical heating means, and control mechanism connected to said gas energy supply means and to said electrical energy conducting means and adapted to connect said gas energy supply means to its associated heating means and to disconnect said electrical energy conducting means from its associated heating means or to connect said electrical energy conducting means to its associated heating means and disconnect said gas energy supply means from its associated heating means, said control mechanism comprising an electric switch which is coupled to said electrical energy conducting means and to said electrical heating means and includes a first independently movable part manually movable between switch closed and open positions for respectively completing and interrupting electrical continuity therethrough and a valve in said gas supply means having a rotatable plug with a passage therethrough and including a second independently movable part manually movable between valve open and closed positions for turning said plug for respectively flowing and obstructing flow of gas energy through said supply means, said first part being independently movable to a position in the path of movement of said second part and said second part being independently movable to a position in the path of'movement of said first part, and said first part being independently movable to a switch closed position only when said second part is in a valve closed position and said second part being independently movable to a valve open position only when said first part is in a switch open position.

2. The combination set forth in claim 1 in which said first part in its switch closed position physically blocks and prevents movement of said second part from its valve closed to its valve open position and said second part in its valve open position physically blocks and prevents movement of said first part from its switch open to its switch closed position.

3. The combination set forth in claim 2 in which said first part is movable about a first axis between switch closed and open positions and said second part is movable about a second axis transverse to said first axis between valve open and closed positions, and said first and second parts respectively are movable to switch open and valve closed positions at the same time.

4. The combination set forth in claim 2 in which said first part is movable in a first path of movement between switch closed and open positions and said second part is movable in a second path of movement between valve open and closed positions, said first part in its switch closed position being in said second path of movement and physically blocking and preventing movement of said second part from its valve closed to its valve open position, said second part in its valve open position being in said first path of movement and physically blocking and preventing movement of said first part from its switch open to its closed position, and said first and second parts respectively being movable at the same time to their switch open. and valve closed positions.

5. The combination set forth in claim 4 in which said second part and the rotatable plug of said valve form a unitary member, said second part being operable to rotate said plug about a first axis between valve open and closed positions, and said first part being movable between switch closed and open positions about a second axis perpendicular to said first axis.

6. The combination set forth in claim 4 in which said first and second parts are respectively movable in said first and second paths of movement and interfere with one another at a zone, said first part being movable in its path of movement through said zone to close said switch only when said second part is in its valve closed position and said second part being movable through said Zone to open said valve only when said first part is in its switch open position.

7. The combination set forth in claim 4 in which said second part of said valve has a longer path of movement than said first part of said switch and said second part in its valve closed position is closely adjacent to said first part in its switch open position.

8. The combination set forth in claim 7 in which said first part in its switch closed position physically blocks movement of said second part after initial movement of the latter from its valve closed position toward its valve open position, said first part functioning to physically block movement of said second part while said second part is still in a position in its path of movement which effects closing of said valve.

9. The combination set forth in claim 4 in which said second part of said valve includes a plate having a curved peripheral edge which functions to physically block and prevent movement of said first part when said valve is in its open position.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,080,729 3/1963 Grubb 62--497 3,105,363 10/1963 Von Der Scher 62-148 3,177,677 4/1965 Boren et al 62-148 X LLOYD L. KING, Primary Examiner.

Disclaimer 3,295,334.Nil8 Lennart Hultgren, Stockholm, Sweden. HEAT OPERATED REFRIGERATOR OPERABLE ON GAS OR ELECTRICITY AND CONTROL MECHANISM THEREFOR. Patent dated Jan. 3, 1967. Disclaimer filed May 21, 1971, by the assignee, Aktiebolaget Electrolum.

Hereby enters this disclaimer to claims 1 to 9, inclusive of said patent.

[Ofiicial Gazette August 24, 1971.]

Claims (1)

1. IN COMBINATION WITH A REFRIGERATING SYSTEM OF THE TYPE ALTERNATIVELY EMPLOYING GAS AND ELECTRICITY AS POWER SOURCES AND IN WHICH COOLING IS EFFECTED BY A REFRIGERATION UNIT HAVING A HEAT RECEIVING PART, OF A GAS BURNER HEATING MEANS ADAPTED TO HEAT THE HEAT RECEIVING PART, MEANS FOR SUPPLYING GAS ENERGY TO SAID BURNER HEATING MEANS, ELECTRICAL HEATING MEANS ADAPTED TO HEAT THE HEAT RECEIVING PART, MEANS FOR CONDUCTING ELECTRICAL ENERGY TO SAID ELECTRICAL HEATING MEANS, AND CONTROL MECHANISM CONNECTED TO SAID GAS ENERGY SUPPLY MEANS AND TO SAID ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONDUCTING MEANS AND ADAPTED TO CONNECT SAID GAS ENERGY SUPPLY MEANS TO ITS ASSOCIATED HEATING MEANS AND TO DISCONNECT SAID ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONDUCTING MEANS FROM ITS ASSOCIATED HEATING MEANS OR TO CONNECT SAID ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONDUCTING MEANS TO ITS ASSOCIATED HEATING MEANS AND DISCONNECT SAID GAS ENERGY SUPPLY MEANS FROM ITS ASSOCIATED HEARING MEANS, SAID CONTROL MECHANISM COMPRISING AN ELECTRIC SWITCH WHICH IS COUPLED TO SAID ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONDUCTING MEANS AND TO SAID ELECTRICAL HEATING MEANS AND INCLUDES A FIRST INDEPENDENTLY MOVABLE
US424278A 1965-01-08 1965-01-08 Heat operated refrigerator operable on gas or electricity and control mechanism therefor Expired - Lifetime US3295334A (en)

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US424278A US3295334A (en) 1965-01-08 1965-01-08 Heat operated refrigerator operable on gas or electricity and control mechanism therefor
CH1813665A CH453397A (en) 1965-01-08 1965-12-31 Absorption refrigerating machine
GB5966A GB1128941A (en) 1965-01-08 1966-01-03 Improvements in absorption refrigerating apparatus
DE19661476965 DE1476965A1 (en) 1965-01-08 1966-01-07 Arrangement operating with auxiliary gas Absorptionskaelteapparaten

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US3370436A (en) * 1966-12-12 1968-02-27 Ram Domestic Products Company Combined gas and electric control system for refrigerator appliances
US3505827A (en) * 1968-08-27 1970-04-14 Carrier Corp Refrigeration system having generator fuel supply control means
US3810249A (en) * 1971-03-05 1974-05-07 United Gas Industries Ltd Gas/electric control mechanism
US4016730A (en) * 1974-02-03 1977-04-12 Devilliers Paul Hendrik Refrigerators
US4111004A (en) * 1974-11-01 1978-09-05 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Gas operated refrigerator having a sealed combustion system with separated fresh air and combustion gas conduits
US4242879A (en) * 1978-06-19 1981-01-06 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Control system for a refrigerating apparatus operable electrically or by gas
US4257758A (en) * 1977-09-08 1981-03-24 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Safety arrangement in a gas operated apparatus
FR2501394A1 (en) * 1981-03-06 1982-09-10 Applic Gaz Sa the power supply control system of an apparatus gas and electricity
US4362029A (en) * 1980-04-15 1982-12-07 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Absorption refrigerator boiler construction
US5692393A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-12-02 Gas Research Institute Internally fired generator
US5791158A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-08-11 Gas Research Institute Internally fired generator with improved solution flow
ES2162540A1 (en) * 1998-10-14 2001-12-16 Bsh Fabricacion Sa Single control for a cooking oven.
US20040109680A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2004-06-10 Rinnai Corporation Hybrid hotair heater
US20050036770A1 (en) * 2002-10-02 2005-02-17 Rinnai Corporation Hybrid hot air heater
US20140190456A1 (en) * 2011-08-25 2014-07-10 Inergy Automotive Systems Research (Societe Anonyme) Method for handling fuel vapors onboard a hybrid vehicle

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3370436A (en) * 1966-12-12 1968-02-27 Ram Domestic Products Company Combined gas and electric control system for refrigerator appliances
US3505827A (en) * 1968-08-27 1970-04-14 Carrier Corp Refrigeration system having generator fuel supply control means
US3810249A (en) * 1971-03-05 1974-05-07 United Gas Industries Ltd Gas/electric control mechanism
US4016730A (en) * 1974-02-03 1977-04-12 Devilliers Paul Hendrik Refrigerators
US4111004A (en) * 1974-11-01 1978-09-05 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Gas operated refrigerator having a sealed combustion system with separated fresh air and combustion gas conduits
US4257758A (en) * 1977-09-08 1981-03-24 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Safety arrangement in a gas operated apparatus
US4242879A (en) * 1978-06-19 1981-01-06 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Control system for a refrigerating apparatus operable electrically or by gas
US4362029A (en) * 1980-04-15 1982-12-07 Aktiebolaget Electrolux Absorption refrigerator boiler construction
WO1982003117A1 (en) * 1981-03-06 1982-09-16 Applic Gaz Sa Control system for the power supply of a gas and electricity apparatus
FR2501394A1 (en) * 1981-03-06 1982-09-10 Applic Gaz Sa the power supply control system of an apparatus gas and electricity
US5692393A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-12-02 Gas Research Institute Internally fired generator
US5791158A (en) * 1995-06-07 1998-08-11 Gas Research Institute Internally fired generator with improved solution flow
ES2162540A1 (en) * 1998-10-14 2001-12-16 Bsh Fabricacion Sa Single control for a cooking oven.
US20050036770A1 (en) * 2002-10-02 2005-02-17 Rinnai Corporation Hybrid hot air heater
US6882796B2 (en) * 2002-10-02 2005-04-19 Rinnai Corporation Hybrid hot air heater
US20040109680A1 (en) * 2002-12-06 2004-06-10 Rinnai Corporation Hybrid hotair heater
US6795643B2 (en) * 2002-12-06 2004-09-21 Rinnai Corporation Hybrid hotair heater
US20140190456A1 (en) * 2011-08-25 2014-07-10 Inergy Automotive Systems Research (Societe Anonyme) Method for handling fuel vapors onboard a hybrid vehicle

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1128941A (en) 1968-10-02
CH453397A (en) 1968-06-14
DE1476965A1 (en) 1969-10-23

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