US3290716A - Floor treating machines - Google Patents

Floor treating machines Download PDF

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Publication number
US3290716A
US3290716A US47879665A US3290716A US 3290716 A US3290716 A US 3290716A US 47879665 A US47879665 A US 47879665A US 3290716 A US3290716 A US 3290716A
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United States
Prior art keywords
frame
floor
nozzle
suction
vacuum
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Expired - Lifetime
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Robert E Cain
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Robert E Cain
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Priority to AU48088/64A priority Critical patent/AU277624B2/en
Application filed by Robert E Cain filed Critical Robert E Cain
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Publication of US3290716A publication Critical patent/US3290716A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L11/00Machines for cleaning floors, carpets, furniture, walls, or wall coverings
    • A47L11/40Parts or details of machines not provided for in groups A47L11/02 - A47L11/38, or not restricted to one of these groups, e.g. handles, arrangements of switches, skirts, buffers, levers
    • A47L11/4036Parts or details of the surface treating tools
    • A47L11/4044Vacuuming or pick-up tools; Squeegees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L11/00Machines for cleaning floors, carpets, furniture, walls, or wall coverings
    • A47L11/29Floor-scrubbing machines characterised by means for taking-up dirty liquid
    • A47L11/30Floor-scrubbing machines characterised by means for taking-up dirty liquid by suction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L11/00Machines for cleaning floors, carpets, furniture, walls, or wall coverings
    • A47L11/40Parts or details of machines not provided for in groups A47L11/02 - A47L11/38, or not restricted to one of these groups, e.g. handles, arrangements of switches, skirts, buffers, levers
    • A47L11/4036Parts or details of the surface treating tools
    • A47L11/4038Disk shaped surface treating tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L11/00Machines for cleaning floors, carpets, furniture, walls, or wall coverings
    • A47L11/40Parts or details of machines not provided for in groups A47L11/02 - A47L11/38, or not restricted to one of these groups, e.g. handles, arrangements of switches, skirts, buffers, levers
    • A47L11/4061Steering means; Means for avoiding obstacles; Details related to the place where the driver is accommodated

Description

Dec. 13, 1966 R. E. CAIN FLOOR TREATING MACHINES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 11, 1965 Inventor P ar/er Eon 41m Cl/A y I?? M Attorneys Dec. 13, 1966 R. E. CAIN FLOOR TREATING MACHINES 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 11, 1965 Attorneys United States Patent FLOOR TREATING MACHINES Robert E. Cain, Lot 50, Green Plateau Road, Springfield, near Gosford, New South Wales, Australia Filed Aug. 11, 1965, Ser. No. 478,796 Claims priority, application Australia, Aug. 13, 1964, 48,088/ 64 2 Claims. (Cl. 15-353) The present invention relates to an improved floor treating machine which may be used for scrubbing and vacuum-drying floor surfaces and also, if required, may be used for bufiing and polishing the surface after the scrubbing and drying operation.

Known scrubbing and liquid pick-up suction appliances usually are of the type which may be used to dispense liquid detergent onto a floor, scrub the floor and then dry the floor by sucking up the dirty liquid into a removable dirty-liquid reservoir.

These known floor treating machines usually comprise a wheeled frame, manually propellable by a handle, having an electric motor supported on the said frame and rotary surface-treating means mounted below the frame and driven by the motor, usually through a drive wheel. The rotary surface treating means usually comprise a scrubbing unit mounted in front of the drive wheel and having at least one scrubbing element rotatable about a generally vertical axis. This scrubbing element may be removed and replaced optionally with a buffer or polishing pad if required.

Also usually mounted on the frame there is a tank holding detergent or other suitable cleaning liquid and means for conveying the cleaning liquid to the floor adacent the rotary scrubbing element.

A suction unit is arranged behind the drive wheel to pick up liquid from the floor surface. This suction unit usually comprises a suction nozzle attached to a suction conduit leading away from the working or floor surface of the nozzle to a dirty liquid reservoir. A fan, operated either by the aforementioned motor or by a second motor is arranged to produce a suction in the nozzle via the suction conduit to suck up the dirty liquid from the floor and to convey it by means of an airstream to the dirty liquid reservoir.

The whole usually is contained in an outer housing and is often referred to as a wet-vacuum unit.

The suction nozzle usually comprises a hollow body with an elongated suction mouth having one or more resilient blades with parallel wiping edges arranged to act as a squeegee for collecting the dirty solution on a surface being cleaned and enabling it to be drawn through the nozzle by a current of air from the motor-driven fan.

The motor or motors on the known machines may be either mains or battery operated and usually a switch means for operating the motor or motors is located conveniently in the handle.

For convenience of reference throughout the specification hereafter the above described machines are referred to as floor treating machines of the type hereinbefore described.

Hitherto in these known machines the suction nozzle was fixedly dependent beneath and the suction conduit was wholly contained within the housing of the wetvacuum unit. This arrangement suffered from the disadvantage that the suction nozzle (squeegee) left a trail of dirty water behind it, particularly when the machine cornered.

The object of the present invention is to overcome this disadvantage and to provide :an improved floor treating machine of the type hereinbefore described which has a suction nozzle so constructed and arranged that dirty floor marks caused by the squeegee action of the 3,290,716 Patented Dec. 13, 1966 nozzle are substantially eliminated or greatly reduced.

This object is achieved, according to the invention, by arranging the suction nozzle and at least a portion of the suction conduit outside the wet-vacuum housing, the conduit being articulated thereto so that the suction nozzle may pivot freely and follow the movement, :and in particular the turning cycle, of the floor treating machine.

This has the great advantage that the trailing edges of the resilient wiping blades of the suction nozzle are always at an enagle such that they gather in the dirty liquid towards the suction conduit instead of allowing the liquid to escape beneath the blade edges as happened with a suction nozzle fixedly attached beneath the wetva-cuum unit.

The invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 is a pictorial view of the apparatus of this invention;

FIGURE 2 is a plan View;

FIGURE 3 is a side elevation view, and

FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary view of the attachment of the motor and brush to the frame of the apparatus shown in the preceding figures.

The apparatus of the invention comprises a circular frame 10 which is arranged to detachably mount a fluid or vacuum container 11 including a motor and pump incorporated therein. The frame 10 at its forward end is provided with a channel shaped, when viewed from above, sub frame 12. At the forward end of the subframe 12 is secured a transverse 13. Wheels 14 and 15 are provided on the ends of the axle 13.

A pair of spaced vertical frame members 16 and 17 extend upwards from the front end of the circular frame 10. These frame members 16 and 17 are tubular and are arranged to receive in telescopic relationship mounting lugs which are secured to a circular frame member 18 which carries a liquid container 19.

The subframe 12 is provided at the base of the channel with spaced :apertures 20 and 21 for the mounting of bearing brackets 22 and 23 respectively. These bearing brackets 22 and 23 have matching apertures through which bolts are passed to clamp the bearing brackets to the subframe. The bearing ibrackets have journalled therein stub axles secured to the link members. The latter at their free ends are pivotally mounted to the housing 26 of a motor and brush assembly. This housing 26 carries a rotary brush on its underside and an electric motor 27 on its upper side.

Extending between the liquid container 19 and the housing 26 is a tube 28 which conducts fluid through a valve 29 to a position ahead of the brush mounted in the housing 26. A flexible member 30 is secured to the front end of the circular frame 18 and is arranged so that a hook on the end thereof can be inserted in an rapertured bracket 31 on the upper side of the housing 26. In FIGURE 1 the motor and hon-sing are shown in the operative position with the hook on the member 30 detached from the lapertured bracket 31. 'In FIG- URE 3 the housing 26 and the motor 27 :are shown in the raised position with the member 30 arranged so that the hook at the end thereof is connected to the :apertured bracket 31 and as the member 30 is of restr-icted length it holds the forward end of the brush carried by the housing 26 above the floor level.

The rear end of the frame 10 is supported by castor wheels 32 and 33 having screw height adjustment means 34 and 35 mounted on brackets secured to the rearward end of the frame 10. A diametrical cross frame member 36 extends across the frame 10 transverse to the longitudinal axis of the apparatus, that is parallel 3 to axle 13. At the mid point there is mounted a shaft 37 by a universal or ball joint 38. The shaft 37 at its free end carries a vacuum squeegee housing 39 which is connected by a vacuum pipe 40 through a connector 41 to the vacuum tank 11.

A squeegee 42 is carried by an elongated arim pivotally mounted on the frame and is arranged to be positioned on one side of and adjacent to the brush in its working position. The vacuum squeegee housing 39 is arranged to be elevated above floor level as shown in FIGURE 3 by means of a catch member 43 the free end of which enters an apertured lug 44 to hold the housing 39 above the floor. The vacuum housing 39 is provided withleading and trailing squeegees or rubber blades 45 land 46. The leading squeegees 46 may be apertured or perforated. An operators handle is provided which has a transverse upper portion 47 and vertical connecting portions 48 which enter sockets 49 secured to the frame 10.

In FIGURE 4 there is :a modification in which the axle 13 is mounted in an axially slidable manner llIl bearing members 50 secured to the subframe 12. The movement of the axle 13 is controlled by a bracket 51 welded thereto. The major portion of the bracket is adjacent to the front portion of the frame 12 and is secured in the desired off set relationship by a bolt 53 which passes through an aperture in the bracket 51 into a selected tapped hole 52 in the frame member 12. This arrangement permits the device to work underneath a kick board and in a restricted location.

I claim:

1. A floor treating machine having a wheeled frame, a vacuum container mounted on the frame, a suction squeegee nozzle connected by a conduit to the vacuum container, a single pivot arm extending backwards from the frame and connected at one end to the frame by a universal joint and at its other connected to the squeegee nozzle, whereby the squeegee nozzle is freely displaceable by an operator and normally tracks along behind the frame with its length transverse to the direction of travel of the machine in arcuate as well as straight line travel.

2. A floor treating machine as claimed in claim 1 wherein the universal joint is a ball joint.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,500,692 7/1924 Wagoner 15320 1,969,674 8/1934 Anderson-Smedberg 15-320 2,149,453 3/ 1939 Longshore et a1.

3,063,082 11/1962 Rosenberg 15353 X 3,065,490 11/1962 Arones 15-401 X 3,206,787 9/1965 Daniels et a1 15-320 FOREIGN PATENTS 640,273 7/ 1950 Great Britain.

ROBERT W. MICHELL, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A FLOOR TREATING MACHINE HAVING A WHEELED FRAME, A VACUUM CONTAINER MOUNTED ON THE FRAME, A SUCTION SQUEEGEE NOZZLE CONNECTED BY A CONDUIT TO THE VACUUM CONTAINR, A SINGLE PIVOT ARM EXTENDING BACKWARDS FROM THE FRAME AND CONNECTED AT ONE END TO THE FRAME BY A UNIVERSAL JOINT AND AT ITS OTHER CONNECTED TO THE SQHEEGEE NOZZLE, WHEREBY THE SQUEEGEE NOZZLE IS FREELY DISPLACEABLE BY AN OPERATOR AND NORMALLY TRACKS ALONG BEHIND THE FRAME WITH ITS LENGTH TRANSVERSE TO THE DIRECTION OF TRAVEL OF THE MACHINE IN ARCUATE AS WELL AS STRAIGHT LINE TRAVEL.
US47879665 1964-08-13 1965-08-11 Floor treating machines Expired - Lifetime US3290716A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU48088/64A AU277624B2 (en) 1964-08-13 Improvements in floor treating machines

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3376597A (en) * 1966-02-02 1968-04-09 Boyd Clarence Floor scrubbing machine
US3496591A (en) * 1967-07-20 1970-02-24 Kel Tec Inc Floor maintenance machine
US3649995A (en) * 1970-02-16 1972-03-21 Keltec Inc Floor maintenance machine
US3663985A (en) * 1970-07-15 1972-05-23 Scott & Fetzer Co Floor scrubbing machine
US4006506A (en) * 1975-02-10 1977-02-08 The Scott & Fetzer Company Surface cleaning machine with squeegee assembly
US4118002A (en) * 1977-06-06 1978-10-03 Bartlett Robert N Apparatus for connecting a vacuum cleaner and solution tank as a cleaning solution-extraction cleaner
US4173056A (en) * 1978-06-26 1979-11-06 Tennant Company Scrubbing machine with tracking squeegee
US4193161A (en) * 1978-11-24 1980-03-18 American Cleaning Equipment Corporation of Illinois Vacuum apparatus with tilting container
US4293971A (en) * 1979-06-19 1981-10-13 Clarke-Gravely Corporation Floor treating machine with squeegee
US4339841A (en) * 1980-11-12 1982-07-20 Wetrok, Inc. Squeegee support assembly for automatic floor cleaning machines
US4483041A (en) * 1982-09-30 1984-11-20 Wetrok, Inc. Support for a squeegee assembly
US4492002A (en) * 1980-09-12 1985-01-08 Wetrok, Inc. Floor cleaning machine
US4854005A (en) * 1988-11-03 1989-08-08 Wiese Martin E Automatic floor scrubbing machine with squeegee assembly and adjustable wheels
US5054158A (en) * 1990-12-11 1991-10-08 Williams William H Scrubbing machine/vacuum cleaner
US6533871B2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2003-03-18 Royal Appliance Mfg. Co. Carpet extractor with dual nozzles for dual brushrolls
US20030208873A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-11-13 Marshall Chang Glass surface cleaning machine
US20030229964A1 (en) * 2002-05-30 2003-12-18 Great Lakes Engineering & Design, Inc. Universal wet/dry vacuum cart
WO2007076181A2 (en) * 2005-12-22 2007-07-05 Johnsondiversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1500692A (en) * 1921-05-11 1924-07-08 Mortimer H Swafford Scrubbing machine
US1969674A (en) * 1931-05-18 1934-08-07 Lincoln Schlueter Floor Machin Scrubbing and mopping device
US2149453A (en) * 1936-10-08 1939-03-07 Reconstruction Finance Corp Vacuum scrubber
GB640273A (en) * 1947-07-14 1950-07-19 Fraser Tuson Products Ltd Improvements in floor scrubbing and polishing machines
US3063082A (en) * 1960-08-03 1962-11-13 Nat Super Service Company Suction cleaner
US3065490A (en) * 1960-08-02 1962-11-27 Advance Floor Machine Company Shiftable pick-up squeegee unit for floor treating machine
US3206787A (en) * 1963-01-28 1965-09-21 Tennant Co G H Scrubbing device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1500692A (en) * 1921-05-11 1924-07-08 Mortimer H Swafford Scrubbing machine
US1969674A (en) * 1931-05-18 1934-08-07 Lincoln Schlueter Floor Machin Scrubbing and mopping device
US2149453A (en) * 1936-10-08 1939-03-07 Reconstruction Finance Corp Vacuum scrubber
GB640273A (en) * 1947-07-14 1950-07-19 Fraser Tuson Products Ltd Improvements in floor scrubbing and polishing machines
US3065490A (en) * 1960-08-02 1962-11-27 Advance Floor Machine Company Shiftable pick-up squeegee unit for floor treating machine
US3063082A (en) * 1960-08-03 1962-11-13 Nat Super Service Company Suction cleaner
US3206787A (en) * 1963-01-28 1965-09-21 Tennant Co G H Scrubbing device

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3376597A (en) * 1966-02-02 1968-04-09 Boyd Clarence Floor scrubbing machine
US3496591A (en) * 1967-07-20 1970-02-24 Kel Tec Inc Floor maintenance machine
US3649995A (en) * 1970-02-16 1972-03-21 Keltec Inc Floor maintenance machine
US3663985A (en) * 1970-07-15 1972-05-23 Scott & Fetzer Co Floor scrubbing machine
US4006506A (en) * 1975-02-10 1977-02-08 The Scott & Fetzer Company Surface cleaning machine with squeegee assembly
US4118002A (en) * 1977-06-06 1978-10-03 Bartlett Robert N Apparatus for connecting a vacuum cleaner and solution tank as a cleaning solution-extraction cleaner
US4173056A (en) * 1978-06-26 1979-11-06 Tennant Company Scrubbing machine with tracking squeegee
US4193161A (en) * 1978-11-24 1980-03-18 American Cleaning Equipment Corporation of Illinois Vacuum apparatus with tilting container
US4293971A (en) * 1979-06-19 1981-10-13 Clarke-Gravely Corporation Floor treating machine with squeegee
US4492002A (en) * 1980-09-12 1985-01-08 Wetrok, Inc. Floor cleaning machine
US4339841A (en) * 1980-11-12 1982-07-20 Wetrok, Inc. Squeegee support assembly for automatic floor cleaning machines
US4483041A (en) * 1982-09-30 1984-11-20 Wetrok, Inc. Support for a squeegee assembly
US4854005A (en) * 1988-11-03 1989-08-08 Wiese Martin E Automatic floor scrubbing machine with squeegee assembly and adjustable wheels
US5054158A (en) * 1990-12-11 1991-10-08 Williams William H Scrubbing machine/vacuum cleaner
US6721990B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2004-04-20 Royal Appliance Mfg. Co. Carpet extractor with dual nozzles for dual brushrolls
US6533871B2 (en) * 2001-01-12 2003-03-18 Royal Appliance Mfg. Co. Carpet extractor with dual nozzles for dual brushrolls
US7159275B2 (en) * 2001-07-13 2007-01-09 Marshall Chang Glass surface cleaning machine
US20030208873A1 (en) * 2001-07-13 2003-11-13 Marshall Chang Glass surface cleaning machine
US20030229964A1 (en) * 2002-05-30 2003-12-18 Great Lakes Engineering & Design, Inc. Universal wet/dry vacuum cart
US7185389B2 (en) * 2002-05-30 2007-03-06 Great Lakes Engineering + Design, Inc. Universal wet/dry vacuum cart
WO2007076181A2 (en) * 2005-12-22 2007-07-05 Johnsondiversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine
WO2007076181A3 (en) * 2005-12-22 2007-10-04 Johnson Diversey Inc Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine
US20090300868A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2009-12-10 Johnsondiversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine
US7950106B2 (en) 2005-12-22 2011-05-31 Diversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine
US20110197916A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2011-08-18 Diversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine
US20110214692A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2011-09-08 Diversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine
US8261408B2 (en) 2005-12-22 2012-09-11 Diversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine
EP2554090A1 (en) * 2005-12-22 2013-02-06 Diversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine
US8875338B2 (en) 2005-12-22 2014-11-04 Diversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine
US8918954B2 (en) 2005-12-22 2014-12-30 Diversey, Inc. Squeegee assembly for a floor cleaning machine

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