US3276782A - Oil regulation ring - Google Patents

Oil regulation ring Download PDF

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Publication number
US3276782A
US3276782A US51227265A US3276782A US 3276782 A US3276782 A US 3276782A US 51227265 A US51227265 A US 51227265A US 3276782 A US3276782 A US 3276782A
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United States
Prior art keywords
ring
groove
spring
oil
adjacent
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Fuhrmann Ernst
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Goetze GmbH
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Goetze GmbH
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Publication date
Priority to DEG33123A priority Critical patent/DE1263395B/en
Priority to FR908976A priority patent/FR1333377A/en
Application filed by Goetze GmbH filed Critical Goetze GmbH
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Publication of US3276782A publication Critical patent/US3276782A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J9/00Piston-rings, e.g. non-metallic piston-rings, seats therefor; Ring sealings of similar construction
    • F16J9/12Details
    • F16J9/20Rings with special cross-section; Oil-scraping rings
    • F16J9/203Oil-scraping rings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J9/00Piston-rings, e.g. non-metallic piston-rings, seats therefor; Ring sealings of similar construction
    • F16J9/06Piston-rings, e.g. non-metallic piston-rings, seats therefor; Ring sealings of similar construction using separate springs or elastic elements expanding the rings; Springs therefor ; Expansion by wedging
    • F16J9/061Piston-rings, e.g. non-metallic piston-rings, seats therefor; Ring sealings of similar construction using separate springs or elastic elements expanding the rings; Springs therefor ; Expansion by wedging using metallic coiled or blade springs
    • F16J9/062Coiled spring along the entire circumference

Description

Oct. 4, 1966 E. FUHRMANN 3,276,782
OIL REGULATION RING Filed Beo. 6, 1965 l b 4b llb I NVIZNTOR.
BEYRNST FUHDMRNN W KM United States Patent O 3,276782 OIL REGULATION RING Ernst Fuhrmann, Burscheid, Cologne, Germany, assignor to Goetzewerke Friedrich Goetze Aktiengesellschaft, Dusseldorf, Germany Filed Dec. 6, 1965, Ser. N0. 512,272 Claims priority, application Germany, Sept. 14, 1961, G 33,123 8 Claims. (C1. 277143) The present application is a continuation-in-part of rny co-pending application, Serial N0. 288,066, filed September 14, 1962, and now abandoned, title: Oil Regulation Ring.
The invention disclosed herein is concerned with an oil regulation ring, especially for use in conneotion with internal combustion engines, which is operatively controlled by a plurality of radially acting springs disposed in engagernent With the rear face of the ring.
It is known to use for the oil regula-tion, in connection with pistons of internal combustion engines, piston rings which are pressed against the cylinder wall by radially acting springs. These springs malte it possible to coustruct the ring narrow in radial direction, thereby censiderably increasing the elasticity thereof and improving its adaptability with respect to irregularities of the cylinder Wall. The rings are generally constructed cross-sectionally symmetrically; however, embodiments are also known in which the spring is operatively eifective at a point near a flank of the ring, the rear face of the ring being thereby of cross-sectionally angular configuration. One flank of the ring becomes wider than the other, owing to the onesided angular configuration, such condition resulting with improper mounting in clamping of the ring in the piston groove.
It is in accordance with the invention proposed to press the oil regulating ring against the cylinder wall with the aid of a plurality of springs and to form the rear face of the ring cross-sectionally generally roof-shaped or of pointed configuration. lt is, however, feasible to forrn the rear face of the ring arcuately. In case of the pointed configuration of the rear face of the ring, the corresponding surfaces extend advantageously symmetrically; it is, however, likewise possible to place the apex of the pointed rear face of the ring displaced with respect to the axia1 center line of the ring. The respective springs are in engagement, each With an inclined surface of the rear face of the ring and also in engagernent with the corresponding side Wall of the piston groove, thereby resulting in uniform pressure exer-ted on the ring. The ring flanks are of equal Width and clamping or wedging of the ring is thus reliably prevented. The ring could also be split and a spring act as each part.
It is to be observed that the spacing between a plane projected through the apex of the pointed rear face of the ring and the planes of the ring flanks, is always smaller than one and one-half tirnes the spring diameter, so as to avoid during the assembly as well as during the operation of the structure placement of both springs in engagement with only one of the inclined surfaces of the rear face of the ring.
The construction of this rear face of the ring and the arrangement of the springs, according to the invention, perznits matching or adaptation of the regulating rings given operational requirernents, and avoidance of the drawbacks of previously known struc-tures. For example, stripping of a greater amount of oil in one direction of operation of the piston, may be obtained by asymmetrical placement of the apex of the pointed rear face of the ring and/01', by using two springs of respectively dilferent strengths. It is also feasible, in case the pressure exerted ice by one spring should not sufiice, to Wind such spring of a plurality of wires.
The invention Will now be described with reference to the acommpanying drawings showing different embodiments thereof.
In the drawings, FIGURES 1, 2, 3 and 4 are sectional views showing various modifications in cross section on a piston in a cylinder.
Numeral 1 indicates the oil regulation ring which is inserted in the groove 2 of the piston 3, such ring having two parts 4 and 5 which are in sliding engagernent With the inner Wall of the cylinder 6 so as to strip oil therefrom. The stripped oil flows through the recess 7 and bore 8 of the ring 1 and -thence back through the duct 9 inwardly of the piston. The rear face of the ring 1 is pointedly shaped, thus forming inclined or angularly extending sides 10 and 11, such sides being engaged by the springs 12 and 13, respectively. The springs 12 and 13 press the ring with the parts 4 and 5 thereof uniformly against the inner Wall of the cylinder 6, thus reliably preventing clamping or wedging of the ring.
The springs are so dimensioned that they cannot move over the apex 14 of the back of the ring and -thus always act on a respective axial portion of the ring. The ring is radially thin and, due to this, and to groove 7, the portions 4 and 5 can flex relative to each other in the radial direction to follow the contour of the cylinder 6.
In FIGURE 2, the back of the ring is arc-uate With the apex 15 of the back of the ring in the axial center of the ring. In all other respects the ring is the same as that of FIGURE 1 and the same reference numerals With a subscript a are employed.
In FIGURE 3, the back of the ring is not symmetrical so that apex 16 is n earer one end of the ring than the other. Springs of different size can then be used to get the particular results desired. The sarne numerals as employed in FIGURE 1 With a subscript b are employed.
In FIGURE 4, the ring 17 is split to form two parts 18 and 19 which form, together, a peaked back surface which is engaged by springs 20 and 21. The split in the ring could extend about the entire ring to form two entirely separate parts or could be interrupted to form two parts which were connected for convenience cf manufacture and handling but which would operate substantially independently of each other in the cylinder 22 When mounted in groove 23 of piston 24.
All of the rings shown and described are radially thin to the extent of being flexible to follow the cylinder coutours and to fit in cylinders not perfectly round. Furthermore, particularly because of the central oil groove, the two parts of the rings are somewhat independently flexible.
It will be understood that this invention is susceptible to modification in order to adapt it -to different usages and conclitions; and accordingly, it is desired to comprehend such modifications wi-thin this invention as may fall Within the scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. A piston provided With an oil regulating ring groove, in combination wi-th an oil regulating ring positioned in said groove, the outer surface of said ring having spaced peripheral sliding surfaces separa-ted by a peripheral recess, and the inner surface of said ring having convergent surfaces in the radially outer directions of the ring and forming a ridge therebetween, each of said converging surfaces coacting With the adjacent side of the groove to forrn a circ-umferential spring receiving pocket, an endless closely coiled compression spring positioned in each of said pockets and contacting one of said converging surface and the adjacent side of the groove and exterting pressure on the ring to press the adjacent one of said sliding surface outwardly, said ring having assage means therethrough from the recess to the spring receiving pockets to drain oil from the recess, said ring being thin in the radial direction so as to be flexible under the influence of said springs and a confining cylinder Wall, each said spring having a cross sectional diameter large enough to prevent the other spring from rnoving over said ridge and intothe san1e pocket therewith.
2. The combination according to claim 1 in which said ring includes bore rneans leading from said groove to the inside of the ring -to drain oil from the groove into the circumferential groove.of said piston, each said spring having a cross sectional diameter less than the axial distance from the adjacent one of the top and bottorn Walls of the ring to said apex but greater than one half said distance.
3. The combination according -to claim 2 wherein the inner side of said ring is arcuate in cross section.
4. The combination according to claim 2 wherein the inner side of said ring is V shaped in cross section.
5. The combination according to clairn '4 with the apex of said V being nearer one of said top and bottom Walls of the ring than the other thereof.
6. In combination; an oil regulation ring for disposal in a groove of a piston and spring means inside the ring exerting outwardly directed pressure on said ring, said ring comprising axially spaced parallel leg parts having cylindrical outer faces for engagernentwith the wall cf a cylinder in which the pis-ton carrying the ring is disposed, said leg parts being spaced apart so as to be close by the opposite side Walls of the groove, said ring also comprising an axial part connecting said leg parts and spaced radially inwardly from said outer faces of said leg parts so as to define an annular groove around the outer side of the ring, said axial part being bored radially of the ring to drain oil from said groove, the inner side of the ring being convex toward the bottorn of the groove .with the apex thereof near the axial center of the ring, and said spring means comprising a pair of radially flexible annular compression springs on opposite sides of said apex bearing on the inner side of the ring and on the side Walls of -the groove, each said spring means comprising an endless coiled spring having closely spaced convolutions which engage the inner side of -the ring at closely spaced pointsiherealong, said leg parts and axial part of said ring being sufficiently thin in the radial direction as to be flexible and thereby conform to a cylinder Wall underthe influenc of said spring rneans, each said spring means having a cross sectional diameter less than the axial dis- 4 v stance from one side of -the ring to said apex but greater than one half said distance.
7. The combination according to claim 6 in which said ring has radial circumferentially extending incision rneans therein between the top and bottom faces substantially dividing the ring into upper and lower portions each of which is biased radially by a respective one of said compression springs positioned on the radially inner side of said ring.
8. A piston provided with an oil regulating ring groove, in combination with an oil regulating ring positioned in said groove, the ou-ter surface of said ring having spaced peripheral sliding surfaces separated by a peripheral recess, and the inner surface of said ring having convergent surfaces in the radially outer direotions of the ring and forming a ridge therebetween, each of said converging surfaces coacting with -the adjacent side of the groove to form a circumferential spring receiving pocket, an endless closely coiled compression spring positioned in each of said pockets and contacting one of said converging surface and the adjacent side of the groove and exerting 1 pressure on the ring to press the adjacent one of said sliding surface outwardly, said ring having assage nieans therethrough from the recess to the spring receiving.
pockets drain oil from the recess, said ring being thin in the radial direction so as I0 be flexible under the influence of said springs and a confining cylinder wall, each said spring having a cross sectional diameter large enough to prevent the other spring from moving over said ridge and into the same pocket therewith, said ring having radial circumferentially extending incision means therein between the top and bottorn faces substantially dividing the ring into upper and lower portions each of which is biased radially by a respective one of said compression spring positioned 011 the radially inner side of said ring.
' References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,25l 7/1941 Meunier 277143 2,269944 1/1942 Kurth 27778 2439,702 4/ 1948 Teetor 277157 2,668088 2/ 1954 Hsia-Si Pien 27775 2,951,732 9/ 1960 Brenneke 27779 FOREIGN PATENTS 763,282 2/1934 France.
SAMUEL ROTHBERG, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A PISTON PROVIDED WITH AN OIL REGULATING RING GROOVE, IN COMBINATION WITH AN OIL REGULATING RING POSITIONED IN SAID GROOVE, THE OUTER SURFACE OF SAID RING HAVING SPACED PERIPHERAL SLIDING SURFACES SEPARATED BY A PERIPHERAL RECESS, AND THE INNER SURFACE OF SAID RING HAVING CONVERGENT SURFACES IN THE RADIALLY OUTER DIRECTIONS OF THE RING AND FORMING A RIDGE THEREBETWEEN, EACH OF SAID CONVERGING SURFACES COACTING WITH THE ADJACENT SIDE OF THE GROOVE TO FORM A CIRCUMFERENTIAL SPRING RECEIVING POCKET, AN ENDLESS CLOSELY COILED COMPRESSION SPRING POSITIONED IN EACH OF SAID POCKETS AND CONTACTING ONE OF SAID CONVERGING SURFACE AND THE ADJACENT SIDE OF THE GROOVE AND EXTERTING PRESSURE ON THE RING TO PRESS THE ADJACENT ONE OF SAID SLIDING SURFACE OUTWARDLY, SAID RING HAVING PASSAGE MEANS THERETHROUGH FROM THE RECESS TO THE SPRING RECEIVING POCKETS TO DRAIN OIL FROM THE RECESS, SAID RING BEING THIN IN THE RADIAL DIRECTION SO AS TO BE FLEXIBLE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF SAID SPRINGS AND A CONFINING CYLINDER WALL, EACH SAID SPRING HAVING A CROSS SECTIONAL DIAMETER LARGE ENOUGH TO PREVENT THE OTHER SPRING FROM MOVING OVER SAID RIDGE AND INTO THE SAME POCKET THEREWITH.
US51227265 1961-09-14 1965-12-06 Oil regulation ring Expired - Lifetime US3276782A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DEG33123A DE1263395B (en) 1961-09-14 1961-09-14 Oil scraper ring for internal combustion engines
FR908976A FR1333377A (en) 1961-09-14 1962-09-10 Scraper ring for internal combustion engine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5251915A (en) * 1990-02-12 1993-10-12 General Motors Corporation Piston and ring assembly
US5474309A (en) * 1993-06-11 1995-12-12 Bal Seal Engineering Company, Inc. Gasket assembly for sealing electromagnetic waves

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2144497B2 (en) * 1971-09-06 1977-02-03 Rotary piston internal combustion engine
DE19840918C1 (en) * 1998-09-08 2000-03-23 Federal Mogul Burscheid Gmbh Oil scraper piston ring

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR763282A (en) * 1933-11-02 1934-04-26 Improvements to piston rings
US2251195A (en) * 1938-03-14 1941-07-29 Meunier Marcel Dust guard for journal bearings
US2269944A (en) * 1938-11-09 1942-01-13 Five Point Seal Corp Piston ring
US2439702A (en) * 1945-02-09 1948-04-13 Perfect Circle Co Piston ring
US2668088A (en) * 1948-03-20 1954-02-02 Wilkening Mfg Co Piston ring and expander therefor
US2951732A (en) * 1959-02-27 1960-09-06 Perfect Circle Corp Piston ring

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR763282A (en) * 1933-11-02 1934-04-26 Improvements to piston rings
US2251195A (en) * 1938-03-14 1941-07-29 Meunier Marcel Dust guard for journal bearings
US2269944A (en) * 1938-11-09 1942-01-13 Five Point Seal Corp Piston ring
US2439702A (en) * 1945-02-09 1948-04-13 Perfect Circle Co Piston ring
US2668088A (en) * 1948-03-20 1954-02-02 Wilkening Mfg Co Piston ring and expander therefor
US2951732A (en) * 1959-02-27 1960-09-06 Perfect Circle Corp Piston ring

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5251915A (en) * 1990-02-12 1993-10-12 General Motors Corporation Piston and ring assembly
US5474309A (en) * 1993-06-11 1995-12-12 Bal Seal Engineering Company, Inc. Gasket assembly for sealing electromagnetic waves

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Publication number Publication date
FR1333377A (en) 1963-07-26

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