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US3264188A - Sanitary impregnated skin wiper - Google Patents

Sanitary impregnated skin wiper Download PDF

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Publication number
US3264188A
US3264188A US25175863A US3264188A US 3264188 A US3264188 A US 3264188A US 25175863 A US25175863 A US 25175863A US 3264188 A US3264188 A US 3264188A
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Prior art keywords
tissue
oil
impregnated
skin
weight
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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James T Gresham
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Kimberly-Clark Corp
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Kimberly-Clark Corp
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M16/00Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K10/00Body-drying implements; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • A47K10/16Paper towels; Toilet paper; Holders therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/02Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by special physical form
    • A61K8/0208Tissues; Wipes; Patches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q17/00Barrier preparations; Preparations brought into direct contact with the skin for affording protection against external influences, e.g. sunlight, X-rays or other harmful rays, corrosive materials, bacteria or insect stings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q17/00Barrier preparations; Preparations brought into direct contact with the skin for affording protection against external influences, e.g. sunlight, X-rays or other harmful rays, corrosive materials, bacteria or insect stings
    • A61Q17/005Antimicrobial preparations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S206/00Special receptacle or package
    • Y10S206/812Packaged towel

Description

United States Patent 3 264,188 SANITARY IMPREGNATED SKlN WIPER James T. Gresham, Appleton, Wis, assignor to Kimberly- Clark Corporation, Neenah, Wis, a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Filed Jan. 16, 1963, Ser. No. 251,758 2 Claims. (Cl. 16784) This invention relates to a sanitary impregnated skin wiper. More specifically it relates to an impregnated tissue of improved softness especially designed for proctological use or for use by persons suffering from anorectal disorders.

A substantial portion of the adult population suffer from anorectal or perianal disorders in varying stages of severity. While such disorders can be corrected by proper medical treatment, recurrence is frequent unless the patient himself practices careful cleansing habits after defecation.

In the absence of satisfactory cleansing materials, the common practice is to recommend the use of watermoistened, soft toilet tissue or cotton pads to cleanse the affected area. Conventional bathroom tissue, even of the very soft two-ply facial grade now on the market, is not entirely satisfactory for such use without preliminary wetting, because its high absorbency tends to produce excessive dehydration of the skin and aggravate rather than ameliorate the condition. The prernoistening requirement, therefore, is essential to proper cleansing when conventional tissues are used. However, in many situations, such premoistening cannot conveniently be done.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an impregnated skin wiper having sufficient absorbency to perform an antiseptic cleansing function while minimizing the dehydrating effect of ordinary untreated tissues.

Another object is to provide a skin wiper of improved softness which leaves a light film of dermatologically nonirritating emollient agent on the wiped area.

Further objects and advantages of the invention will become evident from the following description and appended claims.

Pure pharmaceutical grade mineral oil has a beneficial emollient effect on the skin as evidenced by its use as the principal ingredient in baby oils, cold creams, many pharmaceuticals, and medicinal preparations. Unsuccessful attempts have been made in the past to impregnate toilet tissue with mineral oils in the expectation that such treated tissue would be useful for the abovedescribed purposes, and would not draw out the natural oils and fats from the skin. However, it Was found that while the oil treatment had a softening effect on the tissue, it tended to destroy absorptive qualities so that the tissues did not satisfactorily pick up fecal matter in normal use and perform the necessary cleansing action. When only small amounts of oil were used in the tissue in an attempt to retain some absorbency, no oil was transferred to the skin and the expected emollient action was absent. Apparently the oil in small amounts is more substantive to the fibers in the sheet than to the contacted skin, thus preventing transfer. Further, when the amount of oil in the tissue was increased to a point where transfer of some oil to the skin from the impregnated paper is accomplished, the tissues ability to clean was markedly impaired.

In general, it has been demonstrated that if less than approximately 13 percent by Weight of oil is used, i.e. 87% fiber, none will be given up by the Wiping action, while absorbency is' essentially destroyed. When the amount of oil is increased to 2535% by weight, i.e. 65- 75% fiber, the tissue still appears substantially non-oily to the touch but a light film of oil is left on the wiped area as desired. However, as might be expected in the latter case, the tissue is still essentially non-absorbent and While a desirable emollient effect is achieved, there is not an ade quate cleansing action and one of the prime objects for employing oil-impregnated tissue is defeated.

It has been found that the latter disadvantage may be overcome by incorporating in the oil before impregnation, a small quantity of a non-toxic and non-allergenic emulsifying agent. When such an emulsifying agent is incorporated into the oil in an amount from 2 to 10% of the oil, and a tissue impregnated with the mixture in an amount sufficient to leave a light oil film on the skin, the tissue then performs its desired cleansing function. Apparently, the moisture normally present in the fecal matter and in the skin itself is sufficient to activate the emulsifying agent and restore some of the lost absorbency in the tissue to enable it to absorb and hold the fecal matter while still permitting transfer of small amounts of oil to the skin. No preliminary wetting of the tissue is required.

Another advantage arising from the use of an emulsifier is that it permits water to be absorbed in the tissue when it is disposed of in the toilet so that discarded tissues will disintegrate readily when flushed away. Disposal tests of tissues, thus treated, show no problem of disintegration or decomposition in either domestic septic tanks or conventional sewage disposal systems.

Various emulsifiers appear to restore the absorbent function to oil-treated tissue. However, for the purpose of this invention it is necessary that the emulsifier be one which is non-toxic or non-allergenic. The preferred emulsifier is triethanolamine oleate. Other non-toxic emulsifiers which may be used include other similar fatty acid soaps of organic bases or organic soaps of amino-substituted compounds, such as triisopropanol amine laurate, monoethyl amine stearate, diethanol amine palmitate, and the like.

The mineral oil also should be substantially free of potentially noxious material and is preferably a low viscosity, high purity, white, pharmaceutical grade, normally used in the preparation of cosmetics and medicinals.

Compatible bacteriostatic or antiseptic agents may also be used in the tissue-impregnating medium, as may local topical anaesthetics either of a prescription or non-prescription type. A preferred bacteriostatic agent is benzalkonium chloride. Other suitable agents are bithionol; 3,4,4'-trichlorocarbanalide; and hexachlorophene. Such agents are effective when applied in amounts ranging from 0.25 to 2.0% of the weight of the oil.

Oil-impregnated tissues containing each of these antiseptic-bacteriostatic agents Were tested for growth inhibitive action using standard agar plate techniques. Results indicated that the thus treated tissue had good activity against gram positive organisms and some activity against gram negative E. coli. This is a favorable reaction since a large proportion of bacteria formed on the human skin are in the gram positive class.

It was believed at first that the base tissue must also have high wet and dry strength characteristics in order to be strong enough for use after oil impregnation. However, when such high strength tissues were employed for the purpose described, it Was found that most of them retained relatively harsh properties and while they did absorb fecal matter and leave an oily film on the skin, they were slightly abrasive and tended to irritate the wiped area thus defeating one of the purposes of the tissue. Surprisingly, it was found that a soft facial grade of tissue, without extensive wet or dry strength treatment, retained sufiicient strength after impregnation to be suitable. Creped sheets having a basis weight within the range of 14 to 22 lbs. per ream for double ply wipers, and Within the range of 7 to 11 lbs. per ream. for single ply wipers are especially suitable. Generally, creped sheets made with not more than 30% by weight of ground wood 3 pulp and from 70 to 100% by weight of chemical pulp such as sulfite and sulfate give especially good results.

In addition, it was found that the oil treatment made the originally soft sheet much softer than before treatment, thus making it substantially non-irritating even after extensive use. The oil in the preferred amount apparently plasticizes the fibers as well as interposing itself in the interstices of the lightweight sheet to provide lubricity, thus enhancing limpness and softness characteristics.

The following are several specific examples of preferred embodiments of the invention. A two-ply facial grade creped tissues having a total basis weight of between 14 to 22 pounds per 24 x 36 480 sheet ream were impregnated in an amount of about 35% by weight with a high purity low viscosity white mineral oil containing 5% by weight of an emulsifier, in this case triethanolamine oleate. The impregnating agent was applied to one side of the two-ply tissue by pressing the tissue against a rotating transfer roll of the intaglio type. The transfer roll had a random pattern of shallow pits or hollows in its surface and was rotated in a pool of oil formed by the roll surface and a spring bronze trailing doctor blade. In this way the bronze blade removed the excess oil before the applicator roll contacted the tissue. The amount of impregnant applied was automatically controlled by the depth and spacing of the intaglio pattern. The impregnated tissue Was Wound in rolls, thus allowing the pattern of oil to spread uniformly throughout the sheet. As a further process refinement, the tissue may also be sheeted and carton packed immediately after impregnation.

A portion of the impregnated tissue was perforated to form interconnected sheets, interfolded and packaged in a dispensing carton treated with an oil-resistant material to prevent staining of the carton or bleeding of oil from the tissue into the carton. Another portion of the impregnated tissue was slit and perforated and formed into rolls of toilet tissue which would fit a standard toilet tissue dispenser. The rolls were wrapped in oil-resistant paper to provide a non-staining package. While the mineral oil is not evanescent and will normally be retained in the sheet without protective wrapping, oil resistant wrappers are desirable to present a neat package for marketing.

The impregnated tissue was preliminarily tested by wiping against the skin and found to leave a barely discernible film of oil on the wiped area. Extensive clinical tests were also conducted and it was found that in the actual intended use the tissues effectively cleaned fecal matter from the anal region without removing excess moisture from the skin while leaving a thin emollient film on the cleaned area. The impregnated tissues were found by the users to be much softer than unimpregnated tissue and caused no noticeable irritation in use.

Another supply of two-ply facial tissues was impregnated as above with the same oil dispersion except that 0.25 to 2.0% of an antiseptic-bacteriostatic agent, benzalkonium chloride, was added to provide additional protection. These tissues were similarly tested with beneficial results.

Bithionol; 3,4,4'-trichlorocarbanalide; and hexachlorophene were also individually incorporated in separate trials as bacteriostatic agents and found to be effective as indicated previously.

Other samples of tissues were prepared in which the amount of oil was varied in amounts of 20% and 25% and 40% by Weight. While these tissues were also found to be usable, a level of about 35% by Weight appears to be best with the optimum range being from 25 to 35 Tissues containing more than 40% oil by weight were noticeably oily to the touch, and undesirable for that reason.

While the specific examples show only the use of twoply facial grade tissue as the preferred base paper, soft single ply stock may also be used as noted above.

It is understood that other equally beneficial antiseptics, bacteriostats, topical anaesthetics, odorants, coloring agents and the like may be blended into the oil to provide other desirable effects.

What is claimed is:

1. A sanitary impregnated tissue of improved softness especially adapted for proctological use comprising a base sheet of at least one ply of absorbent creped cellulosic tissue in the basis weight range of 7 to 11 pounds per 24 x 36 480 sheet ream, said tissue having completely dispersed therethrough from 25% to 35 by Weight of a pure pharmaceutical grade mineral oil of low viscosity, said mineral oil containing in the amount of 2% to 10% by weight of a non-toxic, non-allergenic emulsifier in the form of a fatty acid soap of an organic base selected from the group consisting of triethanolamine oleate, triisopropanol amine laurate, monoethyl amine stearate and diethanol amine palmitate, said tissue being characterized by the ability, when used as a wipe, to pick up, absorb, and hold fecal matter from the skin in wiped areas while transferring a thin film of said emulsifier-containing mineral oil thereto.

2. The impregnated tissue of claim 1 in which the mineral oil also contains from 0.25% to 2.0% by weight of a bacteriostatic agent selected from the group consisting of benzalkonium chloride; bithionol; 3,4,4-trichlorocarbanalide; and hexachlorophene.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 302,073 7/ 1884 Wheeler 167--84 1,913,631 6/1933 Graves 16758 2,114,370 4/ 1938 Bickenheuser 16758 2,495,066 1/1950 Jones 15208 2,702,780 2/1955 Lerner 16784 2,944,931 7/1960 Yang 162-179 2,999,265 9/1961 Duane et al. 15506 LEWIS GO'ITS, Primary Examiner.

FRANK CACCIAPAGLIA, JR., Examiner.

SHEP ROSE, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A SANITARY IMPREGNATED TISSUE OF IMPROVED SOFTNESS ESPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PROCTOLOGICAL USE COMPRISING A BASE SHEET OF AT LEAST ONE PLY OF ABSORBENT CREPED CELLULOSIC TISSUE IN THE BASIS WEIGHT RANGE OF 7 TO 11 POUNDS PER 24 X 36 480 SHEET REAM, SAID TISSUE HAVING COMPLETELY DISPERSED THERETHROUGH FROM 25% TO 35% TO BY WEIGHT OF A PURE PHARMACEUTICAL GRADE MINERAL OIL OF LOW VISCOSITY, SAID MINERAL OIL CONTAINING IN THE AMOUNT OF 2% TO 10% BY WEIGHT OF A NON-TOXIC, NON-ALLERGENIC EMULSIFIER IN THE FORM OF A FATTY ACID SOAP OF AN ORGANIC BASE SELECTED FROM THE GROUP CONSISTING OF TRIETHANOLAMINE OLEATE, TRIISOPROPANOL AMINE LAURATE, MONOETHYL AMINE STEARATE AND DIETHANOL AMINE PALMITATE, SAID TISSUE BEING CHARACTERIZED BY THE ABILITY, WHEN USED AS A WIPE, TO PICK UP, ABSORB, AND HOLD FECAL MATTER FROM THE SKIN IN WIPED AREAS WHILE TRANSFERRING A THIN FILM OF SAID EMULSIFIER-CONTAINING MINERAL OIL THERETO.
US3264188A 1963-01-16 1963-01-16 Sanitary impregnated skin wiper Expired - Lifetime US3264188A (en)

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GB164064A GB1059541A (en) 1963-01-16 1964-01-14 Improvements in and relating to sanitary wipers for the skin

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US3489148A (en) * 1966-12-20 1970-01-13 Procter & Gamble Topsheet for disposable diapers
US3567118A (en) * 1968-09-05 1971-03-02 Nat Patent Dev Corp Entrapped essences in dry composite fiber base products giving a strong fragrance when wet in water
US3585998A (en) * 1968-03-29 1971-06-22 Ncr Co Disposable diaper with rupturable capsules
US3624224A (en) * 1969-12-22 1971-11-30 Schering Corp Novel first aid products
US3726395A (en) * 1971-12-22 1973-04-10 Pfizer Container of treated disposable towels
US3776773A (en) * 1971-06-10 1973-12-04 J Taft Tissue paper moistening
US3786615A (en) * 1972-11-13 1974-01-22 Pfizer Process for preparing pre-moistened antimicrobial towels
US3806593A (en) * 1971-06-01 1974-04-23 Medisan Ab Hygienic-cosmetic compositions
US3814096A (en) * 1973-03-09 1974-06-04 F Weiss Facial tissue
US4045364A (en) * 1975-11-24 1977-08-30 American Cyanamid Company Iodophor soap tissues
FR2376650A1 (en) * 1977-01-07 1978-08-04 Procter & Gamble cleaning product for the skin comprising a wiping area of ​​low density, treated with a lipophilic and cleaning emollient
US4263363A (en) * 1979-12-20 1981-04-21 Colgate-Palmolive Company Emulsion-containing absorbent article having improved water holding capacity
WO1982001469A1 (en) * 1981-10-26 1982-05-13 & Son Inc S C Johnson Virucidal wipe and method
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US4383986A (en) * 1981-08-17 1983-05-17 Ortho Pharmaceutical Corporation Hemorrhoidal compositions
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US4974730A (en) * 1987-05-26 1990-12-04 Deruysscher Betty K Clean up kit
US5093142A (en) * 1989-09-19 1992-03-03 Nabisco Brands, Inc. Alcohol amine esters as low calorie fat mimetics
US5141803A (en) * 1988-06-29 1992-08-25 Sterling Drug, Inc. Nonwoven wipe impregnating composition
US5286538A (en) * 1991-08-05 1994-02-15 Leonard Pearlstein Disposable container for moist paper towels the same
US5458933A (en) * 1992-10-16 1995-10-17 Leonard Pearlstein Compostable packaging for containment of liquids
US5512333A (en) * 1992-10-16 1996-04-30 Icd Industries Method of making and using a degradable package for containment of liquids
US5540962A (en) * 1992-10-16 1996-07-30 Leonard Pearlstein Degradable package for containment of liquids
US5542566A (en) * 1994-11-23 1996-08-06 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Reusable dispenser and a plurality of disposable child mitt wipes contained therein
US5552020A (en) * 1995-07-21 1996-09-03 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Tissue products containing softeners and silicone glycol
US5558873A (en) * 1994-06-21 1996-09-24 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Soft tissue containing glycerin and quaternary ammonium compounds
US5601871A (en) * 1995-02-06 1997-02-11 Krzysik; Duane G. Soft treated uncreped throughdried tissue
US5616201A (en) * 1994-11-23 1997-04-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Process for making a child's mitt wipe
US5650218A (en) * 1995-02-06 1997-07-22 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Soft treated tissue
US5730839A (en) * 1995-07-21 1998-03-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of creping tissue webs containing a softener using a closed creping pocket
US5885697A (en) * 1996-12-17 1999-03-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Soft treated tissue
US6156157A (en) * 1995-07-21 2000-12-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for making soft tissue with improved bulk softness and surface softness
US6217707B1 (en) 1996-12-31 2001-04-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Controlled coverage additive application
US6231719B1 (en) 1996-12-31 2001-05-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Uncreped throughdried tissue with controlled coverage additive
US20020146561A1 (en) * 2001-01-19 2002-10-10 Guido Baumoller Lotioned fibrous web having a short water absorption time
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US6485733B1 (en) 1998-12-31 2002-11-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article composition for sequestering skin irritants
US6639185B1 (en) 2002-05-01 2003-10-28 Prince Lionheart, Inc. Baby wipes warmer for maintaining moisture and coloration of baby wipes contained therein
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US5948540A (en) * 1995-04-27 1999-09-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Carrier substrate treated with high internal phase inverse emulsions made with an organopolysiloxane-polyoxyalkylene emulsifier
US5980922A (en) * 1996-04-30 1999-11-09 Procter & Gamble Company Cleaning articles treated with a high internal phase inverse emulsion
US5763332A (en) * 1996-04-30 1998-06-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Cleaning articles comprising a polarphobic region and a high internal phase inverse emulsion
US5871762A (en) * 1996-10-07 1999-02-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Cosmetic applicators which contain stable oil-in-water emulsions
US6133166A (en) * 1997-07-01 2000-10-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Cleaning articles comprising a cellulosic fibrous structure having discrete basis weight regions treated with a high internal phase inverse emulsion
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Cited By (90)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3484275A (en) * 1965-05-17 1969-12-16 Scott Paper Co Electrostatic deposition of compositions on sheet materials utilizing pre-existing friction induced electrostatic charges on said sheet materials
US3489148A (en) * 1966-12-20 1970-01-13 Procter & Gamble Topsheet for disposable diapers
US3585998A (en) * 1968-03-29 1971-06-22 Ncr Co Disposable diaper with rupturable capsules
US3567118A (en) * 1968-09-05 1971-03-02 Nat Patent Dev Corp Entrapped essences in dry composite fiber base products giving a strong fragrance when wet in water
US3624224A (en) * 1969-12-22 1971-11-30 Schering Corp Novel first aid products
US3730960A (en) * 1969-12-22 1973-05-01 Plough Novel first aid products
US3806593A (en) * 1971-06-01 1974-04-23 Medisan Ab Hygienic-cosmetic compositions
US3776773A (en) * 1971-06-10 1973-12-04 J Taft Tissue paper moistening
US3726395A (en) * 1971-12-22 1973-04-10 Pfizer Container of treated disposable towels
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