US3236155A - Firearm having an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism - Google Patents

Firearm having an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3236155A
US3236155A US381099A US38109964A US3236155A US 3236155 A US3236155 A US 3236155A US 381099 A US381099 A US 381099A US 38109964 A US38109964 A US 38109964A US 3236155 A US3236155 A US 3236155A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
bolt
closure
movement
assembly
carrier
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US381099A
Inventor
Foster E Sturtevant
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Colts Inc
Original Assignee
Colts Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Application filed by Colts Inc filed Critical Colts Inc
Priority to US381099A priority Critical patent/US3236155A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3236155A publication Critical patent/US3236155A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=23503643&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US3236155(A) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/64Mounting of breech-blocks; Accessories for breech-blocks or breech-block mountings
    • F41A3/72Operating handles or levers; Mounting thereof in breech-blocks or bolts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/12Bolt action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being parallel to the barrel axis
    • F41A3/14Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively
    • F41A3/16Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively the locking elements effecting a rotary movement about the barrel axis, e.g. rotating cylinder bolt locks
    • F41A3/18Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively the locking elements effecting a rotary movement about the barrel axis, e.g. rotating cylinder bolt locks hand-operated
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/12Bolt action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being parallel to the barrel axis
    • F41A3/14Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively
    • F41A3/16Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively the locking elements effecting a rotary movement about the barrel axis, e.g. rotating cylinder bolt locks
    • F41A3/26Rigid bolt locks, i.e. having locking elements rigidly mounted on the bolt or bolt handle and on the barrel or breech-housing respectively the locking elements effecting a rotary movement about the barrel axis, e.g. rotating cylinder bolt locks semi-automatically or automatically operated, e.g. having a slidable bolt-carrier and a rotatable bolt

Description

Feb. 22, 1966 F E, STURTEVANT 3,236,155

FIREARM HAVING AN AUXILIARY BOLT GLOSURE MECHANISM 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 8, 1964 INVENTOR. FOSTER E. STURTEVANT BYXM?,

ATTORNEYS United States Patent C) 3,236,155 FIREARM HAVING AN AUXELIARY BOLT CLOSURE MECHANISM Foster E. Stnrtevant, West Hartford, Conn., assignor to Colts Inc., Hartford, Conn., .a corporation of Arizona Filed .Iuly S, 1964, Ser. No. 381,099 Claims. (Cl. 89-199) The present invention relates to an automatic lirearm and more particularly to a new and improved auxiliary bolt closure mechanism useful in automatic lirearms yof the type having an enclosed reciprocating bolt assembly which must be fully closed in order for the rearm to re.

It is an object of the present invention to provide means for insuring the full and positive closure of the bolt assembly of an automatic firearm despite the failure of such assembly to automatically close in the normal fashion.

Another object of the present invention is to provide an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism which contains no external moving component during normal operation of the bolt assembly yet is adapted to be actuated in a facile manner in the event the bolt assembly stalls during its reciprocal movement.

A further object of the invention is to provide an externally actuated auxiliary device for incrementally moving the bolt assembly forwardly into a battery position thereby rapidly and positively remedying a stalled condition and facilitating immediate reuse of the firearm.

A still further object of the present invention is to provide an automatic firearm possessing an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism which not only positively manipu lates the bolt assembly into the battery position but is also provided with means for positively preventing interference with the recoil of the bolt assembly.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a novel manually operated bolt closure mechanism for a totally enclosed reciprocating bolt assembly.

Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out more in detail hereinafter.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combination of elements and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the construction hereafter set forth and the scope 4of the application which will be indicated in the appended claims.

In the drawings:

FIG. l is a fragmentary side elevational view partially broken away and partially in section, of a rearm containing the auxiliary bolt closure mechanism of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken along the line 2 2 of FIG. 1 and showing the auxiliary bolt closure mechanism in an engaged position;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view similar to FIG. 2 showing the closure mechanism in a retracted position; and

FIG. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken along the line 4 4 of FIG. 3.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, wherein like referenced characters indicate like parts throughout the several figures, FIG. l shows an automatic firearm 10 of the gas-operated type.` The firearm 10 comprises a receiver 12 defining in the upper longitudinal portion thereof a chamber 14 for receiving a bolt assembly. The rear of chamber 14 communicates with a receiver extension 16 located in stock 18. Operatively connected forwardly of chamber 14 is a barrel 20 having near the forward end thereof a gas port 22 through which a portion of the expanding lgas developed on firing the gun passes in order to actuate the automatic recoil, causing ice ejection of the spent cartridge shell and subsequent successive chambering of the cartridges 24 located in cartridge magazine 26. Immediately below longitudinal chamber 14 of receiver 12 and communicating therewith is a second chamber 28 housing the trigger mechanism 30. The receiver further possesses adjacent to the chamber 28 a hand-.grip 32 facilitating the manipulation of the trigger mechanism 30.

The trigger mechanism is ygenerally similar in design and operation to the mechanism described in the U.S. Patent No. 3,045,555 issued Iuly 24, 1962, to E. Stoner and includes a trigger 34 pivotally mounted on trigger pin 36 and possessing a forward trigger sear 38 which cooperates with the lower notch 40 of the hammer 42 to retain the hammer in a cocked position. Upon pivotal movement rearwardly of the trigger 34, the trigger sear 38 is dislodged from notch 40 permitting the hammer 42 to pivot under the bias of a hammer spring about the pivot pin 46. The hammer swings up- Wardly into the chamber 14 housing the bolt assembly, generally designated 48, and passes through the bottom longitudinal aperture 50 in the bolt carrier 52 so as to strike the firing pin 54 thereby firing the cartridge 24 located within the firing chamber 56 of the barrel 20. Upon recoil of the bolt assembly 48 the hammer 42 is caused to move rearwardly against the bias of its hammer spring and, while the trigger is pulled, is retained in a cocked position either by the coopera-tion of intermediate hammer -notch 58 and hook sear 60 of disconnector 62 or by automatic hammer notch 64 and automatic sear 66, depending upon the setting of the control cam 68, as more fully described in the aforementioned Stoner patent.

The reciprocating bolt assembly 48 includes a generally cylindrical bolt carrier 52 adapted for nonrotational longitudinal movement within chamber 14 of receiver 12 and a bolt 70 mounted within the carrier 52 for limited longitudinal and rotational movement relative thereto. On the forward end of bolt 70 are provided bolt lugs 72 which cooperate with the inwardly protruding flanges 74 to hold the bolt in the battery position and thereby lock the breech against the pressure of ring.

Upon firing the weapon as described hereinbefore, the bullet passes outwardly through the barrel 20 under the impetus of the expanding powder gases. A portion of these gases upon reaching the gas port 22 pass therethrough and into the gas passage `tube 78 connecting the port 22 with the mating port 8l)` located within the bolt carrier key 8-2. The mating port 80 connects with an annular chamber 84 deiined by the bolt 70 and the bolt carrier 52. As more fully set forth in E. M. Stoners U.S. Patent No. 2,951,424 issued September 6, 1960, the chamber 84 lills with high-pressure exhaust gas, driving the bolt carrier 52 rearwardly within the chamber 14, and initially causing the annular shoulder 86 of carrier 52 to contact the flange 88 of the tiring pin 54 while at the same time, by virtue of the lost motion connection between carrier 52 and bolt 70', causing the bolt cam pin 90 to travel in the helical slot 92 cut in bolt carrier 52. The movement of cam pin 90 within helical slot 92 causes relative rotation between the bolt 70 and the bolt carrier 52, the latter being held against rotation by the cooperation of carrier key 82 with the longitudinal groove 94 of receiver 12.

The rotation of bolt 70 results in the registry of bolt lugs 72 and the slots between the inwardly protruding lugs 74 on the breech end of the barrel thereby permitting rearward movement of the bolt and bolt carrier upon continuing recoil of the carrier. The rearward momentum of the recoiling bolt assembly is absorbed by 3 the compression of recoil spring 96 which upon dissipation of the rearward momentum, acts upon the bolt assembly 48 to return it to the locked battery position. During the recoiling operation the expended cartridge shell is, of course, ejected and a new cartridge is fed from the magazine 26 into the firing chamber 56.

As will be appreciated, it is essential that the bolt 7@ be fully closed and locked in order for the gun to fire. If the bolt is moved up to battery position, but is not rotated by the forward movement of the bolt carrier 52 so that the bolt lugs 72 and the depending lugs 7d coact to lock the bolt in the breech, then the tiring pin will be held by the annular shoulder 36 in a retracted, nonactuatable position. Such a stalling of the bolt carrier at some point in its travel with the subsequent failure of the bolt to lock may result from various causes, such as the presence of dirt within the chamber 14 or by a distorted cartridge. It is essential that such field diiiculties be quickly remedied so that the operator can positively close the bolt, permitting a quick renewal of the normal operation of the firearm.

According to the present invention, this may be accomplished in a facile manner by actuating the auxiliary, manually operated bolt closure mechanism generally designated 98. The mechanism 98 is slideably received within the generally cylindrical side passage 100 of the receiver 12. The passage extends outwardly and rearwardly from the chamber 14 and in communicative relationship thereto. The passage 1M is shown as being disposed at an angle of approximately to the axis of reciprocation of the bolt assembly 4S.

It will be appreciated that no substantial opening should be present on the closed receiver chamber 1dthrough which foreign matter may enter the interior of the firearm. In the embodiment chosen for illustrative purposes, this is effectuated by providing the passage 10@ in receiver 12 with a counterbore 162 at its external end. Slideable within the counterbo-re 102 is the shank 104 of external actuating knob 106 which is quite close iitting yet is provided with sufficient clearance to prevent binding during its manipulation. The knob 1% `additionally exhibits a serrated finger-contact portion 1198, best shown in FIG. l, which provides a firm and sure contact with the mechanism during the actuation thereof.

During normal use of the firearm, the mechanism 98 is retained in a retracted noninterfering position by means of the helical spring 110 which abuts outwardly facing annular shoulder 112 of passage 1G@ and is ma'mtained in only a slightly compressed condition. Received within the shank of knob 106 as well as within the spring 119 and xedly attached to the knob by means of pin 114 is a plunger, generally designated 116, which constitutes an extension of knob 106 within the passage 19t? inwardly beyond the shoulder 112. As best seen in FIGS. 3 and 4, the plunger 116 is generally cylindrical and possesses a longitudinal recess 118 alo-ng one side thereof defining at its forward end a shoulder 12d which cooperates with cross pin 122 to maintain the closure mechanism 98 within the passage 100 against the outward bias of slightly compressed helical spring 1161. The cross pin 122 is maintained in a fixed position within the arcuate Slot 124 of receiver 12 and extends into the recess 118 thereby permitting the inward slideable movement of the plunger and knob assembly. The forward end of plunger 116 containing shoulder 120 is partitioned by bifurcating slot 126 which extends rearwardly from the forward end and communicates with recess 113 along a substantial portion of its length. The slot 126 generally conforms to the cross-sectional configuration of pawl 128 which is pivotally mounted within the slot 126 by means of pivot pin 130.

Pawl 128 comprises a generally rectangular pawl body portion 132 possessing at its rearward extremity a slightly tapering rear surface 134 and a transverse aperture 136 through which extends the pivot pin 130. As shown, the aperture 136 is generally parallel to rear surface 134. On the forward end of body portion 132 is a ratchet contacting and actuating foot 138 which cooperates with the longitudinally spaced ratchet teeth 140 located on the side of bolt carrier 52 so as to move the bolt assembly 4S into the battery position. The teeth 140 extend along the length of carrier 52 a sufficient amount so that they are presented to the passage 11MB regardless of the position of the carrrier 52. Outstanding from pawl body portion 132 is an integral rib portion 142 possessing a rearwardly tapering cam surface 144 which cooperates with the cross pin 122 to move the foot 138 out of contact with teeth 14? when the bolt closure mechanism 93 is moved into a retracted position under the bias of spring 119.

Plonger 116 additionally provides an aperture 146 which extends rearwardly from slot 126 and in which is positioned the pawl engaging rod 14S which is biased by compressed spring 15@ into intimate physical contact with the rear surface 134 of pawl body portion 132 so as to cause the pawl to pivot about pivot pin when per-Y mitted to do so by the movement of the closure mechanism inwardly. Y Y

lt will be appreciated that the auxilary bolt closure mechanism 93 generally is maintained in the retracted position during normal operations. However, in the event the bolt carrier becomes stalled the operator merely presses forwardly on the protruding knob 1% causing the entire bolt closure mechanism 93 to move forward against the bias of the helical spring 110. The foot 138 of pawl 125, which has been held out of engagement with the bolt carrier by means of cross pin 122 while the mechanism is in the retracted position, is released as the mechanism moves inwardly and, under the pressure of spring 150 acting through rod 14o, pivots to engage the teeth 140 of the bolt carrier 52, Contined inward pressure on the knob itt-3 is then transmitted through the mechanism to the bolt assembly thereby forcing the bolt carrier 52 forward so as to place the bolt assembly in the battery position. Since the bolt carrier teeth extend for the full length of the carrier movement, it will be appreciated that engagement therewith by the pawl foot 13S can occur at any position of the bolt carrier travel.

Generally the obstruction to the movement of bolt carrier '52 is rather slight and can be quickly overcome by the afore-described procedure, after which it is possible for the recoil spring 96 to act in its normal manner and force the bolt carrier 52 forwardly into the locked battery position. As will be appreciated, even though the closure mechanism is held in the engaging position, the pawl foot 138 will not interfere with the continued forward movement of the carrier 52 since it is spring-biased by the pawl engaging rod 148. Consequently, the bolt carrier 52 is capable of moving forward without damage to either the carrier or to the pawl foot 138.

ln the event the initial movement of the closure mechanism 98 fails to overcome the obstruction causing the stall of bolt carrier S2, the knob 1% may be released causing a rearward movement of the closure mechanism into its retracted position. The knob may then again be pressed forwardly by successive operations to inch the bolt mechanism into the locked battery position. It is a further advantage of the present invention that, should the gun be fired when the mechanism 98 is in an engaged position, the rearward movement of bolt carrier 52 during its recoil will cause the cross pin 122 to act against the cam surface 14d moving the foot 138 out of engagement with the bolt carrier teeth 140 thereby permitting the bolt carrier 52 to continue the recoil operation in the normal manner. Additionally the present invention permits visual inspection to ensure that the closure mechanism is retracted.

As can be appreciated from the foregoing description,

the present invention provides a manually operated auxiliary closure device associated with an automatic weapon which facilitates the complete and positive closure of a totally enclosed bolt assembly in order to permit the ring of the weapon. This device contains under normal yoperating conditions no externally moving part which might become fouled with clothing or other objects while .the weapon is being fired. More particularly, the mechanism closely `fits into the receiver of the weapon thereby maintaining the interior thereof in a condition which is substantially free from foreign matter.

As will be apparent to persons skilled in the art, various modifications and adaptations of the structure above described will become readily apparent without departure from the spirit and scope of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a gas-operated autom-atie firearm, a receiver having a longitudinal cavity and a passage communicating with the cavity, said passage extending rearwardly at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the cavity; a bolt assembly mounted in said cavity for reciprocable movement between retracted and battery positions, said assembly comprising a bolt carrier; and an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism slideably retained within said passage for movement, said closure mechanism being biased outwardly and comprising a motion-transmitting member resiliently urged into cooperative engagement with said bolt carrier during inward movement of said closure mechanism thereby facilitating movement of said carrier into the battery position.

2. In a gas-operated automatic firearm, a receiver having a longitudinal cavity and a tranverse passage communicating with the cavity, said passage extending rearwardly at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the cavity; a bolt assembly mounted in said cavity for reciprocable movement between retracted and battery positions, said assembly comprising a bolt carrier having on its outer surface adjacent said passage means for assisting the longitudinal movement thereof within the cavity; and an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism slideably retained within said passage for inward and outward movement, said closure mechanism being biased outwardly and comprising a motion-transmitting member resiliently urged into cooperative engagement with the movement assisting means on said bolt carrier during inward movement of said closure mechanism thereby facilitating movement of said carrier into the battery position.

3. In a gas-operated automatic firearm, a receiver having a longitudinal cavity and a transverse passage communicating with the cavity, said passage extending rearwardly at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the cavity; a bolt assembly mounted in said cavity for reciprocable movement between retracted and battery positions, said assembly comprising a bolt carrier having on its outer surface adjacent said passage ratchet means for assisting the longitudinal movement thereof within the cavity; and an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism slideably retained within said passage for inward and outward movement, said closure mechanism being biased outwardly and comprising a pawl resiliently urged into cooperative engagement with the ratchet means on said bolt carrier during inward movement of said closure mechanism thereby facilitating movement of said carrier into the battery position.

4. In a gas-operated automatic firearm, a receiver having a longitudinal cavity and a transverse passage communicating with the cavity, said passage extending rearwardly at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the cavity; a bolt assembly mounted in said cavity for reciprocable movement between retracted and battery positions, said assembly comprising a bolt carrier having adjacent said passage a plurality of longitudinally spaced ratchet teeth for assisting the longitudinal movement thereof within the cavity; and an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism slideably retained within said passage for inward and outward movement, said closure mechanism being biased outwardly and comprising a pivotally mounted pawl urged into engagement with the ratchet teeth of said bolt carrier during inward movement of said closure mechanism thereby facilitating movement of said carrier into the battery position.

5. In an automatic firearm, a receiver having a 1ongitudinal cavity and a transverse side passage communicating with the cavity, said side passage extending outwardly and rearwardly at an acute angle to the cavity; a bolt assembly mounted in said cavity for reciprocable movement between retracted and battery positions; a recoil spring rearwardly of said assembly for urging said assembly into the battery position, said assembly comprising a bolt carrier having along the side adjacent said passage ratchet means for assisting the longitudinal movement thereof within the cavity; and an externally actuated auxiliary bolt closure mechanism slideably retained within said passage for inward and outward movement, said closure assembly being biased outwardly and comprising a motion-transmitting member urged into cooperative engagement with the ratchet means on said bolt carrier during inward movement of said closure mechanism thereby facilitating movement of said carrier into the battery position.

6. In a gas-operated firearm, a receiver having a longitudinal cavity and a transverse side passage communicating with the cavity, said side passage extending outwardly and rearwardly at an acute angle to the cavity and providing an outwardly facing shoulder intermediate the ends thereof; a bolt assembly mounted in said cavity for reciprocable movement between retracted and battery positions; a recoil spring rearwardly of said assembly adapted to be under compression when said assembly is in the retracted position and to bias said assembly into the battery position, said assembly comprising a bolt carrier having along the side adjacent said passage a plurality of longitudinally spaced ratchet teeth; and an externally actuated auxiliary bolt closure mechanism slideably retained within said passage for inward and outward movement, said closure mechanism comprising a spring seated on the shoulder within the passage of the receiver for outwardly biasing said mechanism, a pivotally mounted pawl resiliently urged into engagement with the ratchet teeth of said bolt carrier during inward movement of said closure mechanism thereby facilitating movement of said carrier into the battery position.

7. In a gas-operated automatic firearm, a receiver having a longitudinal cavity and a generally cylindrical side passage communicating with the cavity, said side passage extending outwardly and rearwardly at an acute angle to the cavity and having a counterbore at the outer end to provide an outwardly facing annular shoulder intermediate the ends thereof; a bolt assembly mounted in said cavity for reciprocable movement between retracted and battery positions; a recoil spring rearwardly of said assembly adapted to be under compression when said assembly is in the retracted position and to bias said assembly into the battery position, said assembly comprising a bolt carrier having along the side adjacent said passage a plurality of longitudinally spaced ratchet teeth; and an externally actuated bolt closure mechanism slideably retained within said passage for inward and outward movement and( comprising an outwardly biased plunger having a shoulder on a forward bifurcated end thereof, the bifurcating slot passing through said shoulder; a pawl pivotally mounted within the bifurcating slot and having a cam surface adjacent the shoulder of said plunger; pawl actuating means for biasing the pawl into functioning contact with the ratchet teeth on the bolt carrier; and plunger retaining means iixedly positioned in said receiver and cooperating with the shoulder of said plunger to limit outward movement of the mechanism, said retaining means being adapted to operate against said cam surface to move said pawl out of contact with said bolt carrier teeth upon outward movement of said plunger.

8. An auxiliary bolt closure mechanism for use in a gas-operated automatic rearm having a receiver and a bolt assembly mounted within the receiver for movement between retracted and battery positions, said closure mechanism being communicatively and angularly disposed relative to the bolt assembly for slideable inward and outward movement and comprising outwardly biased actuating means adapted for external manipulation, and motion-transmitting means mounted on said actuating means for movement into and out of contact with the bolt assembly whereby the assembly is incrementally urged toward the battery position.

9. An auxiliary bolt closure mechanism for use in a gas-operated automatic firearm having a receiver and a bolt assembly enclosedly mounted within the receiver for movement between retracted and battery positions, said closure mechanism being communicatively disposed at an acute angle relative to the bolt assembly for slideable inward and outward movement and comprising outwardly biased actuating means adapted for external manipulation, and motion-transmitting means pivotally mounted on said actuating means and having cam means facilitating the biasing thereof into and out of contact with the bolt assembly whereby the assembly is urged by increments into the battery position.

10. An auxiliary bolt closure mechanism for use in a gas-operated rearm having a receiver and a bolt assembly enclosedly mounted within the receiver for movement between retracted and battery positions, said closure mechanism extending angularly outwardly from the bolt assembly and comprising an outwardly biased externally actuated plunger member, and a pawl member pivotally mounted on the plunger member for movement into and out of contact with the bolt assembly whereby the assembly is moved into the battery position.

11. An auxiliary bolt closure mechanism for use in an automatic firearm having a receiver and a bolt assembly enclosedly mounted within the receiver for movement between retracted and battery positions, said closure mechanism extending outwardly and rearwardly from the assembly and comprising an outwardly biased plunger adapted for external manipulation and having means for limiting outward movement thereof; a pawl pivotally mounted on said plunger; and pawl actuating means for biasing the pawl into functioning contact with the bolt assembly, said pawl having cam means for moving the pawl out of contact with said assembly upon outward movement of said plunger.

12. An auxiliary bolt closure mechanism for use in a gas-operated automatic firearm having a receiver and a bolt assembly enclosedly mounted within the receiver for movement between retracted and battery positions, said closure mechanism extending outwardly and rearwardly from the assembly and an outwardly biased plunger adapted for external manipulation and having means limiting outward movement thereof, said plunger being bifurcated at the forward end; a pawl pivotally mounted within the bifurcating slot and having a cam surface adjacent the edge thereof; and pawl actuating means for biasing the pawl into functioning contact with the bolt assembly, said cam surface adapted to move said pawl out of contact with said assembly upon outward movement of said plunger.

13. A manually operated auxiliary bolt closure mechanism for use in a gas-operated automatic firearm having a receiver and a bolt assembly enclosedly mounted within the receiver for movement between retracted and battery positions, said closure mechanism extending outwardly and rearwardly from the assembly and comprising an outwardly biased plunger having a shoulder on a forward bifurcated end thereof; a pawl pivotally mounted within the bifurcating slot and having a cam surface adjacent said shoulder; pawl actuating means for biasing the pawl into functioning contact with the bolt assembly; and a plunger retaining means cooperating with said shoulder to limit outward movement of the mechanism and adapted to operate against said cam surface to thereby move said pawl out of contact with said assembly upon outward movement of said plunger.

14. An auxiliary bolt closure mechanism for use in a gas-operated automatic rearm having a receiver and a bolt assembly enclosedly mounted within the receiver for movement between retracted and battery positions, said closure mechanism extending outwardly and rearwardly from the assembly and comprising biasing means abutting a portion of the receiver for urging the mechanism outwardly; a plunger having a longitudinal side recess defining a shoulder on a forward bifurcated end thereof, the bifurcating slot communicating with said longitudinal recess and passing through said shoulder; a pawl pivotally mounted within the bifurcating slot and having a cam surface contiguous to said recess; a pawl actuating rod resiliently mounted within the plunger for moving the pawl into Contact with the bolt assembly; and a plunger retaining means iixedly positioned in said receiver and extending into said recess, said retaining means cooperating with said shoulder for limiting the outward movement of the mechanism and with said cam surface to move said pawl out of contact with said assembly upon outward movement of said plunger.

1S. A manually operated auxiliary bolt closure mechanism for use in a gas-operated automatic firearm having a receiver and a bolt assembly enclosedly mounted within the receiver for movement between retracted and battery positions, said closure mechanism being substantially within the receiver but extending outwardly and rearwardly from the assembly and comprising an actuating knob projecting from the receiver and having a shank portion slideably received in close interfitting relationship within the receiver; a spring abutting a portion of the receiver and said knob for biasing the mechanism outwardly; a plunger ixedly connected to said knob and having a longitudinal side recess defining a shoulder on a forward bifurcated end thereof for limiting outward movement of the mechanism, the bifurcating slot communicating with said longitudinal recess and passing through said shoulder; a pawl pivotally mounted within the bifurcating slot and having a cam surface continguous to said recess; a pawl actuating rod resiliently mounted within the plunger for moving the pawl into contact with the bolt assembly; and a plunger retaining means xedly positioned in said receiver and extending into said recess, said retaining means cooperating with said shoulder for limiting the outward movement of the closure mechanism and with said cam surface to move said pawl out of contact with said assembly upon outward movement of said plunger.

No references cited.

BENJAMIN A. BORCHELT, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. IN A GAS-OPERATED AUTOMATIC FIREARM, A RECEIVER HAVING A LONGITUDINAL CAVITY AND A PASSAGE COMMUNICATING WITH THE CAVITY, SAID PASSAGE EXTENDING REARWARDLY AT AN ACUTE ANGLE TO THE LONGITUDINAL AXIS OF THE CAVITY; A BOLT ASSEMBLY MOUNTED IN SAID CAVITY FOR RECIPROABLE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RETRACTED AND BATTERY POSITIONS, SAID ASSEMBLY COMPRISING A BOLT CARRIER ; AND AN AUXILIARY BOLT CLOSURE MECHANISM SLIDEABLY RETAINED WITHIN SAID PASSAGE FOR MOVEMENT, SAID CLOSURE MECHANISM BEING BIASED OUTWARDLY AND COMPRISING A MOTION-TRANSMITTING MEMBER, RESILIENTLY URGED INTO A COOPERATIVE ENGAGEMENT WITH SAID BOLT CARRIER DURING INWARD MOVEMENT OF SAID CLOSURE MECHANISM THEREBY FACILITATING MOVEMENT OF SAID CARRIER INTO THE BATTERY POSITION.
US381099A 1964-07-08 1964-07-08 Firearm having an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism Expired - Lifetime US3236155A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US381099A US3236155A (en) 1964-07-08 1964-07-08 Firearm having an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US381099A US3236155A (en) 1964-07-08 1964-07-08 Firearm having an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism
ES315121A ES315121A1 (en) 1964-07-08 1965-06-28 Improvements in automatic firearms.
DE19651453912 DE1453912A1 (en) 1964-07-08 1965-06-30 Firearm
FR46174A FR1438934A (en) 1964-07-08 1965-06-30 Improvements to automatic weapons
CH935665A CH437055A (en) 1964-07-08 1965-07-05 Gas-operated automatic firearm
GB2865065A GB1074646A (en) 1964-07-08 1965-07-06 Firearm
NO15880865A NO117578B (en) 1964-07-08 1965-07-06
NL6508657A NL141640B (en) 1964-07-08 1965-07-06 A gas-operated automatic firearm.
DK346765A DK128864B (en) 1964-07-08 1965-07-07 Closure means for the bolt of automatic gas powered guns.
AT623465A AT294630B (en) 1964-07-08 1965-07-08 Automatic firearm
BE666334A BE666334A (en) 1964-07-08 1965-11-03

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3236155A true US3236155A (en) 1966-02-22

Family

ID=23503643

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US381099A Expired - Lifetime US3236155A (en) 1964-07-08 1964-07-08 Firearm having an auxiliary bolt closure mechanism

Country Status (11)

Country Link
US (1) US3236155A (en)
AT (1) AT294630B (en)
BE (1) BE666334A (en)
CH (1) CH437055A (en)
DE (1) DE1453912A1 (en)
DK (1) DK128864B (en)
ES (1) ES315121A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1438934A (en)
GB (1) GB1074646A (en)
NL (1) NL141640B (en)
NO (1) NO117578B (en)

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3742636A (en) * 1971-12-13 1973-07-03 Fairchild Industries Firearm having a carrying handle and associated rear sight
US4827652A (en) * 1987-10-02 1989-05-09 Martin Ernest J T Cocking-bar, target-framing and range-finding, carrying, hanging and standing device
US5448940A (en) * 1993-11-19 1995-09-12 Olympic Arms, Inc. Gas-operated M16 pistol
WO1997048958A1 (en) 1996-06-19 1997-12-24 Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc. Gas operated firearm
EP0902248A2 (en) 1997-09-09 1999-03-17 Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc. Gas operated firearm with clamp-on gas block
US6889464B2 (en) 2003-06-04 2005-05-10 Michael K. Degerness Composite structural member
US20060053673A1 (en) * 2003-03-27 2006-03-16 Johannes Murello Firearms, adapters for firearms and methods for using the same
WO2007122626A2 (en) 2006-04-26 2007-11-01 Silver Shadow Advanced Security Systems Ltd. Assault pistol rifle
US20100000400A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having an indirect gas impingement system
US20100000138A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having an expulsion device
US20100000396A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a handle assembly for charging and forward assist
US20100000139A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a debris shield
US20100236395A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2010-09-23 Brian Akhavan Firearm operating mechanisms and methods
WO2012097327A2 (en) * 2011-01-14 2012-07-19 ArmWest, LLC Firearm
US8393107B2 (en) 2008-08-26 2013-03-12 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm assembly including a first weapon and a second weapon selectively mounted to the first weapon
US8899138B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2014-12-02 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a handle assembly for charging and forward assist
US8997620B2 (en) 2012-03-09 2015-04-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Handle assembly for charging a direct gas impingement firearm
US9003686B2 (en) 2012-02-13 2015-04-14 Adcor Industries, Inc. Hand guard mounting mechanism
US9488423B2 (en) 2011-01-14 2016-11-08 Arm West, Llc Firearm systems and methods
US20170016690A1 (en) * 2015-07-13 2017-01-19 David Rian Timmons Firearm pivot pin system
US20170160037A1 (en) * 2015-12-04 2017-06-08 Scott Gray Quick Connect Rifle Receiver Adapter System
US10488136B2 (en) 2016-09-23 2019-11-26 ArmWest, LLC Selective fire firearm systems and methods
US10563939B1 (en) * 2017-11-13 2020-02-18 Paul A. Oglesby Forward assist for a firearm
US10663239B2 (en) 2017-04-27 2020-05-26 David Rian Timmons Firearm takedown pin and upper receiver system

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3521390C2 (en) * 1985-06-14 1993-06-17 Rheinmetall Gmbh, 4030 Ratingen, De
US10012458B2 (en) 2016-05-12 2018-07-03 Smith & Wesson Corp. Bolt for firearm

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
None *

Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3742636A (en) * 1971-12-13 1973-07-03 Fairchild Industries Firearm having a carrying handle and associated rear sight
US4827652A (en) * 1987-10-02 1989-05-09 Martin Ernest J T Cocking-bar, target-framing and range-finding, carrying, hanging and standing device
US5448940A (en) * 1993-11-19 1995-09-12 Olympic Arms, Inc. Gas-operated M16 pistol
US5827992A (en) * 1996-06-19 1998-10-27 Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc. Gas operated firearm
WO1997048958A1 (en) 1996-06-19 1997-12-24 Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc. Gas operated firearm
US5726377A (en) * 1996-06-19 1998-03-10 Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc. Gas operated firearm
EP0902248A2 (en) 1997-09-09 1999-03-17 Colt's Manufacturing Company, Inc. Gas operated firearm with clamp-on gas block
US5945626A (en) * 1997-09-09 1999-08-31 Colt's Manufacturing Company Inc. Gas operated firearm with clamp on gas block
US20060053673A1 (en) * 2003-03-27 2006-03-16 Johannes Murello Firearms, adapters for firearms and methods for using the same
US6889464B2 (en) 2003-06-04 2005-05-10 Michael K. Degerness Composite structural member
WO2007122626A2 (en) 2006-04-26 2007-11-01 Silver Shadow Advanced Security Systems Ltd. Assault pistol rifle
US20100236395A1 (en) * 2006-06-23 2010-09-23 Brian Akhavan Firearm operating mechanisms and methods
US7874240B2 (en) 2006-06-23 2011-01-25 Brian Akhavan Firearm operating mechanisms and methods
US8800192B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2014-08-12 Adcor Industries, Inc. Debris shield for a firearm
US20100000139A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a debris shield
US20100000396A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a handle assembly for charging and forward assist
US20100000138A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having an expulsion device
US20110067285A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2011-03-24 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a debris shield for use with a direct gas impingement system
US7937870B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2011-05-10 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a debris shield for use with a direct gas impingement system
US8141285B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2012-03-27 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm including improved hand guard
US8156854B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2012-04-17 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a handle assembly for charging and forward assist
US8210090B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2012-07-03 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having an expulsion device
US8210089B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2012-07-03 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having an indirect gas impingement system
US20100000400A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having an indirect gas impingement system
US8393103B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2013-03-12 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a debris shield
US9109848B2 (en) * 2008-07-01 2015-08-18 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a handle assembly for charging
US8393102B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2013-03-12 Adcor Industries, Inc. Magazine repair system for firearm
US9134082B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2015-09-15 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having an indirect gas impingement system
US20140224103A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2014-08-14 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm Having A Handle Assembly For Charging And Forward Assist
US8561335B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2013-10-22 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm including improved hand guard
US8561517B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2013-10-22 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a handle assembly for charging and forward assist
US8393107B2 (en) 2008-08-26 2013-03-12 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm assembly including a first weapon and a second weapon selectively mounted to the first weapon
US9488423B2 (en) 2011-01-14 2016-11-08 Arm West, Llc Firearm systems and methods
WO2012097327A2 (en) * 2011-01-14 2012-07-19 ArmWest, LLC Firearm
US9038525B2 (en) 2011-01-14 2015-05-26 ArmWest, LLC Firearm
US10415906B2 (en) 2011-01-14 2019-09-17 ArmWest, LLC Firearm systems and methods
WO2012097327A3 (en) * 2011-01-14 2013-05-23 ArmWest, LLC Firearm
US8899138B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2014-12-02 Adcor Industries, Inc. Firearm having a handle assembly for charging and forward assist
US9003686B2 (en) 2012-02-13 2015-04-14 Adcor Industries, Inc. Hand guard mounting mechanism
US8997620B2 (en) 2012-03-09 2015-04-07 Adcor Industries, Inc. Handle assembly for charging a direct gas impingement firearm
US20170016690A1 (en) * 2015-07-13 2017-01-19 David Rian Timmons Firearm pivot pin system
US10663243B2 (en) * 2015-07-13 2020-05-26 David Rian Timmons Firearm pivot pin system
US20170160037A1 (en) * 2015-12-04 2017-06-08 Scott Gray Quick Connect Rifle Receiver Adapter System
US10107582B2 (en) * 2015-12-04 2018-10-23 Scott Gray Quick connect rifle receiver adapter system
US10488136B2 (en) 2016-09-23 2019-11-26 ArmWest, LLC Selective fire firearm systems and methods
US10663239B2 (en) 2017-04-27 2020-05-26 David Rian Timmons Firearm takedown pin and upper receiver system
US10563939B1 (en) * 2017-11-13 2020-02-18 Paul A. Oglesby Forward assist for a firearm

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1074646A (en) 1967-07-05
NL6508657A (en) 1966-01-10
BE666334A (en) 1965-11-03
DE1453912A1 (en) 1969-07-24
AT294630B (en) 1971-11-25
CH437055A (en) 1967-05-31
ES315121A1 (en) 1965-10-01
FR1438934A (en) 1966-05-13
DK128864B (en) 1974-07-15
NO117578B (en) 1969-08-25
NL141640B (en) 1974-03-15

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4867039A (en) Combination pump action autoloading rifle and shotgun
US8336436B2 (en) Ambidextrous cam style charging handle
US8935872B2 (en) Firearm having magazine safety
US4128042A (en) Automatic bolt catch release apparatus for firearm
US3306168A (en) Gas operated semi-automatic pistol
US4389920A (en) Semiautomatic firearm
US2659994A (en) Self-loading semiautomatic pistol
US7096618B2 (en) Pistol with magazine disconnect
US4358986A (en) Rifle bolt assemblies
US9777980B2 (en) Compact semi-automatic firearm
US8104393B2 (en) Charging handle
EP0550238B1 (en) A double action pistol with improved firing mechanism
US6415702B1 (en) Double action semi-automatic handgun
US4590697A (en) Ambidextrous safety mechanism
US8356537B2 (en) Ambidextrous charging handle
US3857325A (en) Semi-automatic firearm
US5682007A (en) Self-regulating linear inertial guidance breech-lock release and cycling mechanism for repeating firearms
US1896820A (en) Firearm
US3830002A (en) Firing pin safety device for firearms
US5680722A (en) Fire control system for firearms
US4575963A (en) Pistol mechanism for blocking firing pin
US2909101A (en) Gas operated firearm with gas piston surrounding a tubular magazine
EP0132560A1 (en) A gun trigger mechanism
US4522105A (en) Firing mechanism for semiautomatic firearms
US6952895B1 (en) Magazine disconnect safety