US3211335A - Liquid dispensing device - Google Patents

Liquid dispensing device Download PDF

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US3211335A
US3211335A US333068A US33306863A US3211335A US 3211335 A US3211335 A US 3211335A US 333068 A US333068 A US 333068A US 33306863 A US33306863 A US 33306863A US 3211335 A US3211335 A US 3211335A
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chamber
integrally
ball
plunger
check valve
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US333068A
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Justin J Shapiro
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LABINDUSTRIES
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LABINDUSTRIES
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Priority claimed from US05/552,739 external-priority patent/USRE28970E/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/02Burettes; Pipettes
    • B01L3/0203Burettes, i.e. for withdrawing and redistributing liquids through different conduits
    • B01L3/0206Burettes, i.e. for withdrawing and redistributing liquids through different conduits of the plunger pump type

Description

Oct. 12, 1965 J. .1. SHAPIRO 3,211,335
LIQUID DISPENSING DEVICE Filed Dec. 24, 1963 INVENTOR F1 5 JUSTIN J. JHAPIRO ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,211,335 LIQUID DISPENSING DEVICE .lustin J. Shapiro, Labindustries, 1740 University Ave, Berkeley 3, Calif. Filed Dec. 24, 1963, Ser. No. 333,068 7 Claims. (Ci. 222--"50) This invention relates to devices for accurately dispensing liquids, and more particularly to dispensing burettes.
A main object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved apparatus for accurately dispensing liquids, the apparatus being simple in construction, being easy to use, and offering a high degree of reliability, speed, accuracy and convenience in use.
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved burette apparatus which is inexpensive to manufacture, which is highly flexible in use, and which may be safely used with a wide range of liquid materials, including concentrated acids, corrosive, dangerous, toxlc, or odoriferous reagents, strong solvents, or the like, all of which may be safely and instantly dispensed with volumetric pipette precision from their closed containers by means of the burette apparatus of the present invention.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a precise and jam-free dispensing burette apparatus of the plunger type, suitable for use in accurately dispensing liquid materials from various types of containers, such as bottles, flasks, beakers, tubes, etc., the apparatus having wide versatility, being easy to keep clean, being automatically bubble-free, and having a high repetitive accuracy.
Further objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description and claims, and from the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a side elevational view, partly in vertical cross-section, of one form of burette apparatus constructed in accordance with the present invention, shown mounted in the neck of a reagent bottle.
FIGURE 2 is a top plan view of the burette apparatus of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary vertical cross-sectional view taken through the neck portion of a screw cap reagent bottle in which is mounted another form of burette apparatus according to the present invention.
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary vertical cross-sectional view taken through the neck portion of a screw cap container in which is mounted still another form of burette apparatus constructed according to the present invention.
Referring to the drawings, and more particularly to FIGURES 1 and 2, 11 generally designates one form of burette apparatus constructed in accordance with this invention. The apparatus 11 comprises a main body 12 of glass or other suitable material comprising a generally cylindrical vertical barrel portion 13 formed integrally with an enlarged hollow bottom stopper member 14 whose lower portion 48 is generally frusto-conical and down wardly tapering in shape so as to sealingly engage in the correspondingly shaped bore 15 of the neck 16 of a conventional reagent bottle 17. The stopper member 14 has the upwardly tapering frusto-conical top wall 18 which is integrally formed with the outwardly extending generally arcuate vent tube 19 communicating with the interior of the stopper member, and hence with the upper portion of the associated bottle 17.
The barrel 13 is integrally formed at its top end with an annular flange 20. Slidably and sealingly engaged in the barrel 13 is the syringe plunger 21, said plunger having eccentrically and rigidly secured to its top end the relatively large operating disc 22. Rigidly secured to a marginal portion of disc 22 is a depending rod 23 which extends parallel to and adjacent to the barrel 13 and is pro- 3,211,335 Patented Got. 12, 1965 vided with the adjustable stop collar 24, said collar being engageable with top flange 20 to limit the upward extension of plunger 21. The collar is provided with a downwardly divergent frusto-conical bottom flange 25 extending adjacent a volumetric scale 26 inscribed on barrel 13. The collar is further provided with a clamping screw 49 to lock it in an adjusted position on rod 23, said position corresponding to a predetermined desired discharge volume of the burette apparatus, as indicated by the flange 25 on scale 26 when the plunger 21 is in its lowermost position, as shown in FIGURE 1.
Barrel 13 is integrally formed at a location substantially corresponding to the lowermost position of the bottom end 27 of plunger 21 with an outlet conduit 28 extending perpendicular to the barrel, which is in turn integrally formed with an outer vertical portion 29 extending upwardly and parallel to barrel 13. Said vertical conduit portion 29 is formed with a frusto-conical downwardly convergent ball seat 30 on which is disposed a movable valve ball 31. Upward movement of said valve ball is limited by an inwardly projecting stop lug 32 formed integrally with the inner wall of conduit portion 29. Conduit portion 29 terminates in an integral outwardly and downwardly inclined discharge conduit 33, which terminates substantially at the level of the ball seat 30.
The lower end of barrel 13 communicates with the top end of a generally spherical ball valve housing 34 through a substantially frusto-conical downwardly convergent connecting wall element 47, said housing 34 being located in the upper portion of hollow stopper 14. Integrally connected with the lower end of housing 34 in communication therewith is 21 depending vertical intake conduit 35 of suflicient length to extend to the lower portion of the reagent bottle 17. A movable valve ball 36 is disposed in the annular seat 37 defined at the top end of conduit 35. Upward movement of valve ball 36 is limited by an inwardly projecting stop lug 38 integrally formed on the inside wall of housing 34.
The reagent in the bottle 17 may be kept pure and free of moisture, interfering ions, or airborne contaminants by attaching a drying tube with an appropriate filter or absorber to the air inlet tube 19, for example, as diagrammatically shown at 50 in FIG. 4.
In operation, with the burette apparatus mounted in the neck 16 of the container 17, all air bubbles are first removed and the dispensing tip 33 is filled by pumping the plunger 21. With the collar 24 set at the required position on rod 23, the plunger 21 is lifted until collar 24 abuts flange 20. After a short period to allow for stabilization, the plunger 21 is depressed all the way, thereby delivering the desired volume of reagent through the tip 33.
It will be noted that on an upward stroke of plunger 21, suction is developed in barrel 13, whereby atmospheric pressure forces liquid from the container 17 upwardly past ball valve element 36, whereas ball valve element 31 is held closed by atmospheric pressure during the upward stroke of said plunger. On the downward stroke of plunger 21, ball valve element 36 is held closed by the pressure of liquid in the barrel, whereas ball valve element 31 is opened by the liquid pressure.
In the form of the invention shown in FIGURE 3, the apparatus is constructed to be mounted in the externally threaded neck 16 of a container 17', and an annular internally threaded sealing cap 40 is provided, said cap being threadedly engageable on the neck 16'. An annular outwardly projecting sealing rib 41 is integrally formed on the lower end portion of the plunger barrel, shown at 13', a short distance above the intake valve housing 34. The top wall of cap 40 is provided with a central aperture 42 just large enough to pass the rib 41. Respective resilient deformable'sealing rings 43 and 44 are provided above and below the rib 41, the ring 43 preferably being split to facilitate its installation around the barrel 13 above the rib 41. An air-tight seal will be provided by the rings 43 and 44 when the cap 40 is tightened on the neck 16. The cap 40 is loosened before the upward stroke of the plunger to allow atmospheric air to enter the top portion of container 17 to replace the liquid drawn into the barrel by said upward stroke. The cap 40 is tightened before the downward stroke of the plunger.
In the form of the invention shown in FIGURE 4, the barrel, shown at 13", is provided with a cylindrical bottom extension 45 formed to slidably enter the bore 46 of the container neck 16'. An annular outwardly projecting sealing rib 41' is integrally formed on extension 45, and respective resilient deformable sealing rings 43 and 44 are provided on extension 45 above and below the rib 41'. The cap 40 is arranged to cooperate with the rings 43, 44 and the sealing rib 41' in the same manner as in the form shown in FIGURE 3. An air vent tube 19, similar to that provided in the form shown in FIGURE 1, is integrally provided on the upper portion of extension 45, acting in the same manner as described in connection with the embodiment of FIGURES 1 and 2.
It will be noted that in the various forms of the invention above described, the main portion of the apparatus is essentially of one-piece integral construction and is made so that it can be automatically freed of air. The side arm 28 is secured to the barrel at the level of the fully inserted plunger without constricting the barrel. The ball stops 32 and 38 are integral with the walls of their associated housings 29 and 34 and hold their associated valve balls close to their seats, reducing back flow. The flange is fully ground on its top and bottom surfaces through its complete angular extent of 360, which assures precision dispensing even if the plunger is rotated during a dispensing action.
The annular indicating flange serves as a pointer and permits fine parallax-free adjustments relative to the volumetric scale 26.
While certain specific embodiments of an improved liquid dispensing burette apparatus have been disclosed in the foregoing description, it will be understood that various modifications within the spirit of the invention may occur to those skilled in the art. Therefore it is intended that no limitations be placed on the invention except as defined by the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A burette device comprising a vertical cylindrical syringe chamber provided at its top end with an outwardly projecting stop flange, a dispensing plunger slidably and sealingly mounted in said chamber and having an enlarged horizontal top actuating portion, a depending vertical rod secured to said actuating portion and extending parallel to said chamber, a stop collar adjustably secured on said rod and being engageable with said stop flange to limit upward extension of said plunger, a horizontal outlet conduit formed integrally with said chamber substantially at the level of the bottom of said plunger in its lowermost position, a vertical upstanding check valve chamber integrally formed on the outer end of said outlet conduit and being provided with an outwardly and downwardly inclined discharge tip, said check valve chamber being provided with an upwardly facing ball seat, a movable valve ball on said seat, the inner wall of the check valve chamber being integrally formed with an inwardly projecting stop lug overlying said ball and limiting upward movement thereof, means on the lower end of said syringe chamber to sealingly support the syringe chamber in the mouth of a liquid container, a check valve housing formed integrally with the lower end of said syringe chamber, a depending vertical intake tube formed integrally with and communicating with the bottom of said housing and defining a ball seat at its top end, a movable valve ball on said last-named seat, and an inwardly projecting stop lug integrally formed on the inside wall of said housing, overlying said last-named valve ball and limiting upward movement thereof.
2. The structure of claim 1, and wherein said check valve housing is susbtantially spherical in shape and is connected to the syringe chamber by a substantially frusto-conical upwardly flaring wall element.
3. The structure of claim 2, and an outwardly projecting vent tube integrally formed with and communicating with the lower end of the syringe chamber subjacent said wall element and above said sealing means.
4. The structure of claim 2, and wherein said sealing means comprises an enlarged hollow frusto-conical downwardly tapering stopper member.
5. The structure of claim 2, and wherein said sealing means comprises an outwardly projecting annular sealing rib integrally formed on the lower portion of the syringe chamber, annular resilient deformable sealing rings surrounding the syringe chamber above and below said rib, and an annular internally threaded cap member surrounding said sealing rings and having a top wall provided with a central aperture just large enough to pass said sealing rib.
6. The structure of claim 4, and an outwardly projecting vent tube on the top wall of said stopper member.
7. The structure of claim 1, and a scale on the vertical syringe chamber.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,792,157 5/57 Gilman 222309 3,067,915 12/62 Shapiro et al. 222-383 X 3,122,280 2/64 Goda 222-309 LOUIS I. DEMBO, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A BURNETTE DEVICE COMPRISING A VERTICAL CYLINDRICAL SYRINGE CHAMBER PROVIDED AT ITS TOP END WITH AN OUTWARDLY PROJECTING STOP FLANGE, A DISPENSING PLUNGER SLIDABLY AND SEALINGLY MOUNTED IN SAID CHAMBER AND HAVING AN ENLARGED HORIZONTAL TOP ACTUATING PORTION, A DEPENDING VERTICAL ROD SECURED TO SAID ACTUATING PORTION AND EXTENDING PARALLEL TO SAID CHAMBER, A STOP COLLAR ADJUSTABLY SECURED ON SAID ROD AND BEING ENGAGEABLE WITH SAID STOP FLANGE TO LIMIT UPWARD EXTENSION OF SAID PLUNGER, A HORIZONTAL OUTLET CONDUIT FORMED INTEGRALLY WITH SAID CHAMBER SUBSTANTIALLY AT THE LEVEL OF THE BOTTOM OF SAID PLUNGER IN ITS LOWERMOST POSITION, A VERTICAL UPSTANDING CHECK VALVE CHAMBER INTEGRALLY FORMED ON THE OUTER END OF SAID OUTLET CONDUIT AND BEING PROVIDED WITH AN OUTWARDLY AND DOWNWARDLY INCLINED DISCHARGE TIP, SAID CHECK VALVE CHAMBER BEING PROVIDED WITH AN UPWARDLY FACING BALL SEAT, A MOVABLE VALVE BALL ON SAID SEAT, THE INNER WALL OF THE CHECK VALVE CHAMBER BEING INTEGRALLY FORMED WITH AN INWARDLY PROJECTING STOP LUG OVERLYING SAID BALL AND LIMITING UPWARD MOVEMENT THEREOF, MEANS ON THE LOWER END OF SAID SYRINGE CHAMBER TO SEALINGLY SUPPORT THE SYRINGE CHAMBER IN THE MOUTH OF A LIQUID CONTAINER, A CHECK VALVE HOUSING FORMED INTEGRALLY WITH THE LOWER END OF SAID SYRINGE CHAMBER, A DEPENDING VERTICAL INTAKE TUBE FORMED INTEGRALLY WITH AND COMMUNICATING WITH THE BOTTOM OF SAID HOUSING AND DEFINING A BALL SEAT AT ITS TOP END, A MOVABLE VALVE BALL ON SAID LAST-NAMED SEAT, AND AN INWARDLY PROJECTING STOP LUG INTERNALLY FORMED ON THE INSIDE WALL OF SAID HOUSING, OVERLYING SAID LAST-NAMED VALVE BALL AND LIMITING UPWARD MOVEMENT THEREOF.
US333068A 1963-12-24 1963-12-24 Liquid dispensing device Expired - Lifetime US3211335A (en)

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US05/552,739 USRE28970E (en) 1963-12-24 1975-02-25 Liquid dispensing device

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3430813A (en) * 1967-04-17 1969-03-04 Cole Parmer Instr & Equipment Micrometric dispenser
US3647143A (en) * 1970-04-06 1972-03-07 Champion Spark Plug Co Atomizer
US3667651A (en) * 1970-12-11 1972-06-06 Justin J Shapiro Device for deriving limited reciprocating motion from rotational motion
DE2225461A1 (en) * 1971-07-06 1973-01-25 Zyma Sa DOSING VALVE
DE2343687A1 (en) * 1973-08-30 1975-03-13 Brand Fa Rudolf BOTTLE DISPENSER
US4074831A (en) * 1976-02-12 1978-02-21 William John Roach Liquid metering device with adjustable stops
US4077750A (en) * 1976-01-28 1978-03-07 Hake George H Adjustable liquid dispensing pump
DE2851449A1 (en) * 1977-11-30 1979-05-31 Desomed Ag BOTTLE WITH DOSING CAP
US4238052A (en) * 1977-09-19 1980-12-09 Trujillo John J Adjustable metering liquid dispenser
US4667691A (en) * 1983-04-05 1987-05-26 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Device for cleaning channels of an endoscope
US5141137A (en) * 1988-11-15 1992-08-25 Walter Graf U. Co. Gmbh & Co. Volumetric device with reciprocating piston to deliver defined quantities of liquids
US20110127298A1 (en) * 2009-04-22 2011-06-02 Chirag Narendrabhai Shah Bottle top dispenser with recirculating and draining mechanism
US20140138404A1 (en) * 2011-01-31 2014-05-22 Witeg Labortechnik Gmbh Bottle dispenser having a digital volume display
US9561518B1 (en) * 2014-03-08 2017-02-07 Dronk, LLC Liquid pump dispenser
US10176591B2 (en) 2012-06-15 2019-01-08 Sage Vision, Inc. Absolute position detection

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2792157A (en) * 1955-10-07 1957-05-14 Clay Adams Inc Liquid dispensing device
US3067915A (en) * 1960-05-23 1962-12-11 Microchemical Specialties Co Liquid dispensing devices
US3122280A (en) * 1961-08-14 1964-02-25 Clay Adams Inc Adjustable stroke liquid dispenser having yieldable aligning means

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2792157A (en) * 1955-10-07 1957-05-14 Clay Adams Inc Liquid dispensing device
US3067915A (en) * 1960-05-23 1962-12-11 Microchemical Specialties Co Liquid dispensing devices
US3122280A (en) * 1961-08-14 1964-02-25 Clay Adams Inc Adjustable stroke liquid dispenser having yieldable aligning means

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3430813A (en) * 1967-04-17 1969-03-04 Cole Parmer Instr & Equipment Micrometric dispenser
US3647143A (en) * 1970-04-06 1972-03-07 Champion Spark Plug Co Atomizer
US3667651A (en) * 1970-12-11 1972-06-06 Justin J Shapiro Device for deriving limited reciprocating motion from rotational motion
DE2225461A1 (en) * 1971-07-06 1973-01-25 Zyma Sa DOSING VALVE
DE2343687A1 (en) * 1973-08-30 1975-03-13 Brand Fa Rudolf BOTTLE DISPENSER
US3940027A (en) * 1973-08-30 1976-02-24 Firma Rudolf Brand Dispenser for a bottle top
US4077750A (en) * 1976-01-28 1978-03-07 Hake George H Adjustable liquid dispensing pump
US4074831A (en) * 1976-02-12 1978-02-21 William John Roach Liquid metering device with adjustable stops
US4238052A (en) * 1977-09-19 1980-12-09 Trujillo John J Adjustable metering liquid dispenser
DE2851449A1 (en) * 1977-11-30 1979-05-31 Desomed Ag BOTTLE WITH DOSING CAP
US4667691A (en) * 1983-04-05 1987-05-26 Olympus Optical Co., Ltd. Device for cleaning channels of an endoscope
US5141137A (en) * 1988-11-15 1992-08-25 Walter Graf U. Co. Gmbh & Co. Volumetric device with reciprocating piston to deliver defined quantities of liquids
US20110127298A1 (en) * 2009-04-22 2011-06-02 Chirag Narendrabhai Shah Bottle top dispenser with recirculating and draining mechanism
US20140138404A1 (en) * 2011-01-31 2014-05-22 Witeg Labortechnik Gmbh Bottle dispenser having a digital volume display
US9651412B2 (en) * 2011-01-31 2017-05-16 Sage Vision Inc. Bottle dispenser having a digital volume display
US10176591B2 (en) 2012-06-15 2019-01-08 Sage Vision, Inc. Absolute position detection
US9561518B1 (en) * 2014-03-08 2017-02-07 Dronk, LLC Liquid pump dispenser

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