US3203090A - Electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device - Google Patents

Electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3203090A
US3203090A US18410962A US3203090A US 3203090 A US3203090 A US 3203090A US 18410962 A US18410962 A US 18410962A US 3203090 A US3203090 A US 3203090A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
comb
casing
cutter
hair
cutting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Jepson Ivar
Sigmund R Kukulski
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sunbeam Corp
Original Assignee
Sunbeam Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US544212A priority Critical patent/US3072809A/en
Application filed by Sunbeam Corp filed Critical Sunbeam Corp
Priority to US18410962 priority patent/US3203090A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3203090A publication Critical patent/US3203090A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26BHAND-HELD CUTTING TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B26B19/00Clippers or shavers operating with a plurality of cutting edges, e.g. hair clippers, dry shavers
    • B26B19/02Clippers or shavers operating with a plurality of cutting edges, e.g. hair clippers, dry shavers of the reciprocating-cutter type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K33/00Motors with reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating magnet, armature or coil system
    • H02K33/02Motors with reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating magnet, armature or coil system with armatures moved one way by energisation of a single coil system and returned by mechanical force, e.g. by springs
    • H02K33/04Motors with reciprocating, oscillating or vibrating magnet, armature or coil system with armatures moved one way by energisation of a single coil system and returned by mechanical force, e.g. by springs wherein the frequency of operation is determined by the frequency of uninterrupted AC energisation

Description

Aug. 31, 1965 JEPSON ETAL 3,203,090

ELECTRICALLY OPERATED HAIR GLIPPING AND SHAVING' DEVICE Original Filed Nov. 1, 1955 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 X INVENTORS /|/,4 JP50N and JIGMUND e. KUKULSKI Aug. 31, 1965 JEPSON ETAL ELECTRICALLY OPERATED HAIR GLIPPING AND SHAVING DEVICE Original Filed Nov. 1, 1955 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTORS IVAP JEPSUN qm/ SIGMUND E" KUKULSK I Aug. 31, 1965 l. JEPSON ETAL ELECTRICALLY OPERATED HAIR C-LIPPING AND SHAVING DEVICE 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Original Filed Nov. 1, 1955 I I am, 4 MW 1) IN VEN TORS VAR JEPSUN and $IGMUNU R. KU/(ULSK I United States Patent ELECTRICALLY ()PERATED HAIR CLIPPING AND SHAVING DEVICE Ivar .Iepson, Oak Park, and Sigmund R. Kuiiulski, Chicago, 111., assignors to Sunbeam Corporation, Chicago, 111., a corporation of Illinois Original application Nov. 1, 1955, Ser. No. 544,212, now Patent No. 3,072,809, dated Jan. 8, 1963. Divided and this application Apr. 2, 1962, Ser. No. 184,109

3 Claims. (Cl. 3034.1)

This invention is a division of copending application Serial No. 544,212, series of 1948, filed November 1, 1955, which has matured into Patent No. 3,072,809 granted January 8, 1963, and assigned to the same assignee as the instant application.

The present invention relates to an electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device, and, more particularly, to such a device especially designed for the needs of women.

There has long been a definite need by the ladies for a convenient, fast and safe method of removing leg and underarm hair. Manufacturers have sought to capture this market with various devices, among which are emery mits, chemical depilatories, straight razors, saftey razors, and, more, recently, adaptations of mens electric shavers. All of these methods for removing leg and underarm hair have drawbacks. The various types of blade razors on the market which have been most extensively used cause irritation, and there is always the danger of cuting the skin or nicking the shin bone, which is tender and very slow and difficult to heal. The depilatories are diflicult and messy to use, and the emery mit is very unsatifactory. There have been on the market electric shavers which have been referred to as ladies shavers, but these have been nothing more than dressedup obsolete models of mens electric shavers or adaptations of current models. None of them have been scientifically designed for the job and, hence, have been unsatisfactory.

The problem of removing leg hair and underarm hair is really twofold. The skin on the legs is firm and, therefore, it is possible to shave closely without irritation. The skin under the arms is soft and tender and readily irritated. It would be desirable to provide a hair removing device that will do both of these necessary jobs, namely, removing leg hair and underarm hair better than has heretofore been possible.

A hair removing device particularly designed for the needs of women must be a small device, preferably no larger than an ordinary compact, and obviously it must be sturdily built and foolproof in operation. It should preferably be provided with cuting means which are capable of cutting very closely for removing leg hair, and also with cutting means which will remove underarm hair without irritating the soft and tender skin of the underarm.

In order for an electric hair removing device to perform efficiently, it is essential that it be provided with a powerful motor for actuating the cutting means. On the other hand, this powerful motor must be capable of being disposed in a very small, fiat case if a satisfactory hair removing device exclusively for the use of women is produced. It would be desirable to provide for such a ladies hair removing device a powerful and yet compact motor whichhas long life, will give years to troublefree performance, will require no lubrication, and will produce no radio or television interference.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved hair removing device designed especially for women which has the desirable features set forth above.

3,203,090 Patented Aug. 31, 1965 Ice It is another object of the present invention to provide an electric hair removing device having improved cutting means capable of cutting leg hair very close to the skin and at the same time capable of being used to remove underarm hair without irritation.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an electrically operated hair removing device of a size and shape similar to a ladies compact.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a new and improved electric motor for an electric hair removing device which is of small and compact design, light in weight and capable of giving many years of trouble-free performance.

It is another object of the present invention to provide an electrically actuated hair removing device especially designed for women, having a readily removable cutting mechanism which can be cleaned and replaced in a very simple manner.

Still another object of the present invention is to provide in a hair removing device designed particularly for women a cutting mechanism which can only be attached to the motive means in a particular manner thereby insuring proper use thereof.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds, and the features of novelty which characterize the invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification.

For a better understanding of the present invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of an electrical hair removing device embodying the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the arrangement disclosed in FIG. 1, but with a comb guard shown in attached position;

FIG.3 is a bottom plan view similar to FIG. 1, but also showing a comb guard as in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line 44 of FIG. 2, but without the comb guard;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 4, assuming that FIG. 4 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken on line 66 of FIG. 4, again assuming that FIG. 4 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 7 is an exploded perspective view of the comb assembly and cutter only of the hair removing device of the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the portion of the casing of the hair removing device of the present invention to which the comb and cutter are adapted to be attached;

FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of the motor of the electric hair removing device of the present invention;

FIG. 10 is a greatly enlarged sectional view taken on line 10-10 of FIG. 4, assuming that FIG. 4 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 11 is a fragmentary view of a portion of the electric motor illustrating a modification of the present invention.

Briefly, the present invention is concerned with a ladies electric hair removing device particularly designed for removing both underarm and leg hair, which has a plastic case of pleasing appearance of a shape and configuration very similar to that of a ladies compact. A powerful and efiicient resonant motor, having no contacts, brushes or the like, is adapted to be disposed within the casing to actuate a cutter. A comb and cutter assembly is mounted for ready removal from one edge of the casing, and the cutter is adapted to be driven by the electric motor to oscillate at a speed of the order of more than 14,000 cutting strokes per minute. The comb and cutter assembly is provided at one edge with means for cutting leg hair and is capable of cutting very close to the skin. On the other edge it is provided with means for removing underarm hair, designed so as not to cut too closely, thereby avoiding underarm irritation. The motor is mounted in the casing in a manner to be substantially vibration-free, and the entire mechanism is very light in weight, compact is design, and capable of giving years of trouble-free performance.

Referring now to the drawings, there is illustrated an electric hair removing device, generally designated by the reference numeral 20. Essentially, this electric hair removing device or cutter assembly comprises a reciprocating cutting blade or cutter 21, operating in coaction with a suitable comb assembly generally indicated at 22. The cutter assembly is suitably and removably mounted on a casing 23. A powerful electric motor, generally designated at 24, is housed within the casing 23 and drivingly connected to reciprocate the cutter 21.

Since the electric hair removing device 29 has been especially designed to meet the needs of women, the easing or housing 23 is preferably of a flat, circular configuration, best shown in FIGS. 1 to 3 of the drawings, so as to have a size and appearance very similar to that of the conventional compact. By conventional compact is meant the generally circular relatively thin container commonly used as a compact. In a successful device built in accordance with the present invention the casing 23 was slightly under three inches in diameter and of the order of an inch in maximum thickness. As illustrated, the casing 23 is a two-part casing, comprising the cooperating parts 26 and 27, preferably molded from a suitable plastic. It will be appreciated that many moldable plastic materials are readily available on the market which provide a smooth and desirable appearing surface of any color. It will be understood that such an electric hair removing device particularly designed for women will have casings of different colors to fit in with particular color schemes and the like. Essentially, the two casing sections 26 and 27 are very similar, although not identical, the interior of each being essentially a mirror image of the other. In order to insure that the casing sections 26 and 27 may be held together in a predetermined relationship, the casing section 26 is provided over a substantial portion of its periphery engageable with the casing section 27 with an annular ledge 26a which cooperates with a similar ledge 27a provided around a substantial portion of the periphery of the engaging face of easing section 27 (seeFIGS. 4,. 5 and 6). The annular ledge 26a is displaced slightly laterally in casing section 26 relative to annular ledge 27a, so that when the casing sections are in the position shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, these ledges are side by side and a smooth exterior is providedat the junctions of the casing sections 26 and 27. To further insure proper orientation of the casing sections, the section 27 is provided with integral pin portions 27b receivable in suitable cooperating openings 23 defined in casing section 26. These are best shown in- FIG. 4 of the drawings.

In order to hold the casing sections 26 and 27 together to form casing 23 to house the motor 24 therein, the easing section 27 has provided therein a plurality of threaded inserts such as 29 for threadedly receiving suitable fastening means such as 30 to. clamp the casing sections to gether. As best shown in FIG. 4 of the drawings, four screws or fastening means are provided, two of them being designated as 30, and the other two being designated as 31. Preferably, the fastening means 31 engage threaded inserts which are molded into the casing in a well known manner, and which threaded inserts are not shown in the drawings. The fastening means 30, on the other hand, as is best shown in FIG. 6 of the drawings, engage threaded inserts 29 which need not be molded into the casing, but which may be inserted into openings defined in casing section 27. The threaded inserts 29 are preferably each provided with an enlarged head portion, so that it will serve effectively as a nut threadedly to receive the fastening means 30 to clamp the casing sections together.

To give strength to the casing sections 26 and 27 and to insure that the plastic walls thereof cannot be crushed together, each of the casing sections 26 and 27 is provided with a strut, designated at 26c and 27c, respectively, which struts have aligned openings to receive one of the fastening means 30, and the adjacent ends of which struts abut each other to limit the distortion of the casing when the fastening means 30 is threadedly engaged with the threaded insert 29 effectively serving as a nut. Two comparable projections are provided to abut each other on the opposite side of the casing from the struts 26c and 270, one of the projections, namely, 26d being shown in FIG. 4 of the drawings. The projections such as 26d, illustrated as long and slender, are provided in order to take up a minimum space and to permit the maximum space within the casing to be available for positioning the motor 24.

To provide a pleasing exterior for the casing 23, the top or bottom or both of the casing may be provided with a suitable metal plate such as 32, which may have any type of design thereon including initials, a monogram or the like. As illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6 of the drawings, this plate 32 is provided with a peripheral flange 32a which is disposed in a circular recess defined in the casing section 27. Preferably, a plurality of tabs, not shown, integral with the plate 32 extend through openings in the casing section 27 and are peened over to hold the plate 32 in position. As is best shown in FIG. 6 of the drawings, the plate 32, in addition to being a decorative plate, also hides the threaded inserts 29, so that a very pleasing casing appearance is provided. Such a plate may also be provided on the outside of the casing section 26, although, as illustrated, a suitable design indicated at 33 is molded directly into the plastic of the casing. The screws 30 and 31 are available from this side of the casing, as is clearly shown in FIG. 3 of the drawings.

Before considering other specific details of the casing 23 for housing the motor 24, the details of the motor constr-uction shall first be considered. *It will be apparent that to provide a proper hair cutting operation a powerful motor is desirable. It is also appreciated that with the casing construction illustrated, of the size and shape of a compact, any usable motor will have to be very compact. In accordance with the present invention, the motor 24 is a very simple, compact motor, with no brushes or contacts which could cause radio and television interference. As illustrated, the motor 24 is a powerful resonant motor, best shown in FIGS, 4 and 9 of the drawings. This mot-or comprises a field structure which is a two-part field structure comprising somewhat U-shaped laminations 40 held together by suitable rivets such as 41. The other po-r ion of the field structure comprises somewhat L-shaped lamina't-ions 42 held together by rivets 43. The laminations 42 are provided at one end with cooperating notches 44 to receive tongues 40a integral with the laminations 4th. The field structure is designed in two parts to facilitate assembling thereon a field coil designated as 45. The assembled position of the field structure and field coil is clearly shown in FIG. 4 of the drawings. Preferably, the field coil comprises the conventional spool 46 with the necessary end portions, between which end portions and on which spool the winding 39 is Wound in the conventional manner. The ends of winding 39 define current conductors 39a and 3%.

1? or the purpose of holding the field structure comprising the laminations 40 and 42 and the coil 45 in assembled relationship, there is provided a motor field plate 47 and a frame plate 48. The motor field plate 47 of somewhat T shape comprises an elongated central member 47a with integral transverse end members 47b and 470, the transverse end member 470 having a portion 47d extending on the opposite side of the port-ion 4711, as is clearly shown in FIG. 9 of the drawings. The frame plate 48 is more complicated but includes portions corresponding to the above-described portions of plate 47. The assembled field laminations 40 and 42 are clamped between the elements 47 and 48 which have cooperating openings for the rivets 41 and 43. In accordance with the present invention, these rivets have projections which extend from either side of the field structure for a purpose which will be described in greater detail hereinafter. As illustrated, the projections on the rivets 43 are designated as 43a, and the projections on the rivet-s 41 are designated as 41a. Suffice it to say that in addition to providing the projections 41a and 43a, the rivets hold the tfield structure including the tfield plate 47 and frame 48 in assembled relationship. Preferably, the members 47 and 48 are formed of nonmagnetic material, such as brass, so as not to provide a flux path for the flux in the laminations 40 and 42, which, of course, are formed of magnetic material, such as silicon steel or the like, The assembled field structure and winding provides an air gap between pole faces 49 and 50 which are defined on corresponding portions of the field laminations 40 and 42. The plates 47 and 48 insure that the .air gap between the pole faces 49 and 50 is properly maintained.

In accordance with the present invention there is provided an armature 52 which is formed of a plurality of laminations 53 held in assembled relationship by rivets 54. To support the armature 52 for pivotal movement, there is provided a bell crank 55, one arm of which is preferably disposed at the center of the armature between two equal sections of laminat-io'ns 53. The rivets 54 hold the laminations 53 and bell crank 55 in assembled relationship. To provide a driving member for transmitting power to a suitable driven member, the bell crank 55 is provided with an arm or projection 55c through which power from the motor 24 is transmitted to any suitable means to be driven thereby. It will be appreciated that the armature 52 is designed to move Within the air gap between pole faces 49 and 50, and to this end is provided with cooperating pole faces 52a and 52b. For the purpose of supporting the armature .52 for movement between the pole faces 49 and 50, the bell crank 55 is pivotally supported about a pivot point located outside the field structure. As illustrated, the bell crank 55 is secured to a suitable bushing 58 having a suitable bearing therein, designated as 59, which may :be a porous bronze bearing or the like. The bell crank 55 .and associated bushing 58 and bearing 59 are pivoted about a suitable shaft such as 60 extending between the frame members 47 and 48. As illustrated, the shaft 60 extends between the projection 47d of frame 47 and a corresponding projection on frame 48. Openings 61 and 62 in frame members 47 and 48 accommodate the shaft 60. With this arrangement, the armature 512 is caused to describe an arcuate p-ath about the pivot member .or shaft 60, and by virtue of the bearing 59 this movement is constrained to insure arcuate movement of the armature 52 within a fixed path.

The armature 52 is substantially L-sbaped, with the base of the L being the end portion 52b which is disposed nearest the pivot shaft 60. The longitudinal axis of said armature extends through the long arm of the L and generally perpendicular to the base thereof, and is generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the air gap defined by a line etxending bet-ween pole faces 49 and 50. It will be apparent that the base of the L thus provides a greater crosssectional area for the end of the armature close-st the pivot pin which moves through a smaller arc than does the end 52a thereof. In order to provide a normal or rest position for the armature 52, there are provided a pair of armature springs 64 and :65 which normally tend to bias the armature .to the predetermined position shown in FIG. 4 of the drawings, so that the armature is disposed almost outside the gap between pole faces 49 and 50. Upon energization of the field coil 45, it will be apparent that the armature 52 will :be attracted to tend to move in a direction to cause the pole faces 52a and 49 to be in substantial alignment, and similarly to cause the pole faces 52!) and 50 to be in substantial alignment. In the normal or at rest position of the armature, as shown in FIG. 4 of the drawings, the end 52b is partially in registry with the .pole face 50 so as to provide a flux path With a sulficiently low initial reluctance to insure that the armature 52 be pulled into the air gap when current is supplied to Winding 39. It will be appreciated that with this construction the reluctance of the flux path at the end 52b of the armature is reduced thus insuring a higher flux density in the air gap adjacent pole face 49. This higher flux density produces a greater force at that end 52a of armature 52 which has the maximum moment arm about the pivot pin 60. Thus this greater force insures a greater torque causing pivotal movement of armature 52. This more than offsets any decrease in force by virtue of the decrease in reluctance of the flux path at the end 52b of armature 52.

To provide the most compact motor it is apparent that the armature 52 must have a minimum dimension in the direction of the longitudinal axes of the springs 64 and 65, since these springs must have a minimum length for satisfactory operation. However, the armature 52 should have a predetermined mass and moreover its area of crosssection should be such to provide a low reluctance path. To this end the armature 52, as best shown in FIGS. 6 and 9 of the drawings, is relatively Wide and substantially wider than the thickness of the field structure. Thus a low reluctance path is provided even while maintaining the dimension of the armature in the direction of the longitudinal axes of the springs 64 and 65 very small.

In order to support the springs 64 and 65 in a manner to hold the armature in its neutral position and tend to return it to that position, the portion of bell crank 55 clamped between la-rnina-tions 53 defining armature 52 is provided on either side thereof with projections 55a and 55b to support spring retaining cups 67 and 68, respectively. These spring retaining cups are secured to the projections 55a and 55b by staking or the like, so that the cups will hold the adjacent ends of the springs 64 and 65, respectively. To support the other ends of the springs, the frame 48 is provided with a pair of ears 48a and 48b, respectively, which project laterally from the frame p oper so as to be disposed on either side of the cups 67 and 68, respectively. These projections 48a and 48b are provided with integral cylindrical bosses 70 and 71 to be received Within the coiled springs 64 and 65, respectively. P or the sake of rigidity, the frame 48 preferably is provided with a peripheral flange 480 which includes as an enlargement thereof the projection 48a. It will be apparent that the frame 48 effectively performs a threefold operation: it acts as the motor frame, it provides a pivot support for the armature 52, and it also provides a support for the springs 64 and 65. Preferably, the springs 64 and 65 are precision coil springs accurately calibrated to be resonant at a frequency slightly separated from the frequency of the energizati-on circuit for the winding 39. Where the power source is a sixty-cycle alternating current source and the motor operates at double frequency, the springs 64 and 65 are preferably calibrated at just about sixty cycles or a harmonic thereof. Obviously, if they were resonant exactly at sixty cycles, one hundred twenty cycles or the like, the amplitude of the armature might be too great. On the other hand, if they were tuned to resonance too far away from sixty cycles, one hundred twenty cycles or the like, too much power would be lost. In a device built in accordance with the present invention, the springs 64 and 65 were tuned to resonance between sixty-three cycles and sixty-seven cycles. As was pointed out above, the armature 52 is illustrated in the drawings as being wider than the field structure, to provide the maximum weight of the armature in a small size motor while permitting the maximum length of the springs 64 and 65. More-over, for most satisfactory operation of the motor 24, it is desirable to provide an arrangement whereby the maximum rate of change of flux occurs upon armature movement. By pivoting the armature 52 from a point outside the eld structure, with the armature moving radially into the air gap in the field structure, this is accomplished.

As shown in FIGS. 4 and 9 of the drawings, the ends 39a and 3% of the winding 39 of coil 45 are connected to suitable terminal pins 72 and 73 which are adapted to cooperate with a more or less conventional female type terminal plug described hereinafter. To hold the terminal pins 72 and 73 in spaced parallel alignment, a suitable terminal board 74, formed of an insulated material such as a laminated phenolic, is provided, the terminal pins 72 and 73 being suitably secured thereto and electrically connected to the ends 39a and 39b, respectively, of the winding 39 defining the coil 45 in a manner well understood by those skilled in the art.

It will be apparent from the above description that the motor 24'. is a unitary assembly which is very small and very compact. Upon energization of the field coil 45 with alternating current, the armature 52 will be attracted into the air gap as the alternating flux produced thereby builds up toward the positive or negative peak. As this alternating flux goes through zero, the magnetic forces acting on armature 52 also go through zero and the springs 64 and 65 tend to return the armature to its normal or zero position. During the other half cycle of the alternating current flux the process will be repeated. It will be apparent, therefore, that the oscillations of the armature 52 will be twice the frequency of the alternating current supplied to winding 39, and as long as power is supplied to winding 39, the armature 52 will oscillate about pivot shaft 60 at double the frequency of the supply voltage. Moreover, this motor will produce no clattering noise or the like, which is the case with vibrating ty-pe motors, as the armature moves against the field structure, since it is impossible for the armature 52 to make physical contact with any part of the field structure, the springs 64 and 65 effectively suspending the armature for oscillation about pivot shaft 60. Thus, even excessive movement of the armature 52 will cause no engagement with the field structure whatever. It will be appreciated that with a sixty-cycle power source, the armature will have a one hundred twenty cycle frequency, which means 14,400 strokes per minute to be transmitted to the movable cutter described hereinafter by the arm 550 of bell crank 55.

In accordance with the present invention, the projections 41a and 43a of the rivets 4i and 43, respectively, of motor as are used to position and secure the motor 24 within the casing 23. To this end each casing section 26 and 27 is provided with four recesses, only two of which are shown'for each casing section in FIG. of the drawings. These recesses are designated by the reference nurneral 74- for the casing section 26, and 75 for the casing section 27. Supported within each recess 74 and 75 is a rubber mounting member 76, eight of them being provided in all. These rubber mounting members have a central opening adapted to receive the projections 41a and 43a of the rivets 41 and 43, respectively. Thus, when the motor 24 is disposed within the casing 26, it is suitably supported in rubber mountings, whereby the transmission of vibrations from the motor to the casing is sub stantially reduced. The recesses 74 and '75 are so disposed that the driving arm 550 of the bell crank 55, whose other arm supports the armature 52, is on one side of the casing 23, and diametrically opposed are the terminal pins 72 and 73.

In order to accommodate one of the fastening means 30, the motor, and specifically the laminations 40 and the frame portions 47 and 48 are provided with aligned openings to define a passageway 78 through which this fastening means may extend. However, the fastening means passing through these aligned openings does not hold the motor 24- in position other than indirectly by clamping the casing sections together. Preferably, the passageway 78 is of larger diameter than the fastening means 30 so that vibrations of the motor 24 are not transmitted direct y to the casing 23 through the fastening means 30. The only reason the fastening means 30 passes through the field structure is a matter of convenience, since the motor takes up such a large portion of the casing 23 that it is diflicult to include therein a fastening means which does not pass through some portion of the motor. The motor itself is maintained in position solely by the projections of the rivets 41 and 43 and the rubber mounting members 76 disposed in the recesses 74 and 75. With the motor in position in one of the casing halves such as 26 or 27, the other casing section can then be moved into position in a very simple manner and the fastening means 3t) and 31 employed to clamp the casing sections together thereby firmly to support in vibration-free manner the motor 24 within the casing 23. It will be appreciated that the rubber mountings 7 4 and 75 will also prevent the excessive tightening of the fastening means 30 and 31. With the above described arrangement the motor 24 is readily removable for service and repair.

in order to support the comb assembly 22 and associated cutter 21, the casing 23, which has been described as a generally circular, flat casing, much on the order of a conventional ladies compact, is provided at the edge thereof, and specifically at the edge defined by the junction of the two casing sections 26 and 27, with an integral projection which might be designated as the cutting head section of the casing. As illustrated, the casing section 26 is provided at the edge thereof over a small portion of the periphery with a projection 26) and two transverse projections 26g disposed at the end of projection 26 Similarly, the casing section 27 is provided with a projection 27 and two transverse projections 27g disposed at the end of projection 27]. These projections, when the casing is assembled, define therebetween a recess 88, best shown in FIG. 8 of the drawings, for receiving the comb assembly 22 and cutter 21 in a manner to be described hereinafter. The casing sections 26 and 27 are designed so that when assembled they define the recess 80. The bottom of this recess, as viewed in FIG. 8 of the drawings, is defined by casing walls to provide a substantially closed casing. Moreover, when the cutter 21 and comb assembly 22 are disposed in recess 80, the portion of the comb assembly defining the skin engaging portion is preferably substantially level with the ends of the projections 26g and 27g, as shown in FIGS. 4, 5 and 10 of the drawings. For a purpose which will become apparent from the following description the walls of recess are propided with spaced ribs 81 defining grooves therebetween.

In order that the actuating arm 550 of bell crank 55 oscillated by the armature 52 may project into recess 89, an opening 83 is defined in cooperating wall sections of the casing forming the substantially closed bottom of recess 80 through which the arm SSC may extend. To prevent hair, hair clippings and foreign matter from entermg the opening 83, and hence from entering the motor chamber within casing 23, there is provided a resilient sealing member 84, which may be in the form of a sponge rubberlike member which has an opening through which the actuating arm 550 of hell crank 55 extends. The sponge sealing member 84 fits tightly around the actuating arm 550 to insure a sealing action and at the same time effectively closes the opening 83 without interfering with oscillating movement of actuating arm 550.

It will be appreciated that in any cutting device where a reciprocating cutter moves relative to a comb to perform a hair shearing or cutting operation, means must be provided to bias the cutter into shearing engagement with the comb. In accordance with the present invention, coiled springs 85 are provided for this purpose.

These springs preferably have an enlarged turn or two at one end thereof, designated in the drawings as 85a (see FIG. These springs are arranged to be contained in openings 87 defined in the parting line or cooperating portions of the casing sections 26 and 27 immediately below recess 80, which abut each other when the casing sections are clamped together as clearly shown in the drawings. These recesses 87 have undercut portion 87a (see FIG. 10) so that when the springs 85 are inserted therein during the time when the casing sections are clamped together, the enlarged turns 85a prevent their subsequent removal. Thus, the springs 85 project into the recess 80 for ready engagement with the cutter to be described hereinafter and are held in the operative position shown in FIGS. 2 and 10 of the drawings by the shape of the walls defining recesses 87.

The comb assembly 22, which cooperates with casing 23 to define a cutting head, is illustrated as a two-part member including a U-shaped support 88 and a comb portion 89, the latter being preferably made of sheet metal and having a hollow mushroomshaped head providing a generally rectangular, arcuate face 89d for contacting the skin from which the hair is to be removed. For the purpose of providing strength and rigidity in the arcuate portion 89d of the mushroom-shaped comb portion 89, there is provided a central rib 89a which, as is best shown in FIG. 10 of the drawings, is a channel-shaped deformation formed at the center of the arcuate portion. Essentially, the mushroom-shaped comb portion 89 of the comb assembly 22 includes, in addition to the arcuate section thereof having the central rib 89a, a pair of converging side portions 890 which connect spaced parallel portions 890 to the arcuate portion 89a. The converging portions 8% are provided With a plurality of openings 95 along the length thereof, which are effectively hair escape openings through which hair clippings may fall. As is clearly evident from FIG. 10 of the drawings, the upwardly directed ends of the U-shaped support 88 extend to a point adjacent the bottom of the cutter 21 and serve to deflect clipped hair out through the openings 95, hence effectively preventing such hair from entering the inner portions of the comb and cutter assembly. Preferably, both the comb portion 89 and the U-shaped support 88 have a length of the order of the spacing between the projections 26g and 27g. The U-shaped support 88 has a width so as to be disposed between the spaced parallel portions 89c of the comb 89 and is provided along each side thereof with outwardly directed hollow projections or rivet portions 8811 by means of which the mushroomshaped comb portion 89 of the cutting head may be secured thereto. As illustrated, the portions 890 are provided with a plurality of aligned openings on either side for receiving the projections 88a, which projections may then be deformed as shown in FIGS. 7 and 10 of the drawings effectively to secure the U-shaped support 88 to the comb portion 89. Actually, the U-shaped support 88 may be formed from a relatively heavy material to provide a strong support. Moreover, this U-shaped portion 88 of the comb assembly is designed to fit snugly within recess 80. The projections 88a are accommodated within the spaced grooves defined between the ribs 81.

In order that the springs 85 may properly engage the cutter 21 whenever the comb and cutter assembly is attached in operative relationship to casing 23, the bight portion of the U-shaped support 88 is provided with a pair of relatively large openings 90 through which springs 85 may extend without interference. Also, the bight portion of the U-shaped support 88 is providedwith a central elongated opening 91 to permit the actuating arm 550 of the bell crank 55 to move freely and without interference when in driving engagement with the cutter, as will be described in greater detail hereinafter. For purposes which will become apparent from the following description, the mushroom-shaped comb portion 89 is formed of relatively thin spring steel material, preferably having a thickness of the order of twelve-thousandths of an inch or preferably between ten and fifteen-thousandths of an inch. In order to prevent underarm irritation, it is essential that the hair removing operation does not result in cutting too closely, and the range of thickness set forth above is necessary, as will become apparent from the following description, to avoid cutting too closely.

In accordance with the present invention, the comb portion 89 is provided with two sets of teeth, one along either edge of the arcuate portion 89d, which teeth are designated as 97 and 98, respectively. These teeth are formed by providing a plurality of slots or apertures 97b and 98a along each respective edge of the comb through both the arcuate portion 89d and the diverging portions thereof, which, by virtue of the mushroom shape, are closely adjacent, as is clearly evident from FIG. 10 of the drawings. If the thickness of the spring steel material from which the comb portion 89 is made is of the order of twelve thousandths of an inch, the teeth 98 will insure that no closer cutting than twelve-thousandths of an inch will occur. Thus, the teeth 98 effectively provide the teeth for cutting underarm hair. In order that the teeth 97 may insure much closer cutting for removing leg hair, the top edge of the arcuate portion of comb 89 along the teeth 97 is ground very thin, as indicated at 97a in FIG. 10 of the drawings, so that the stock thickness of these teeth 97 may be much thinner than twelve-thousandths of an inch to provide close cutting for the removal of leg hair. i In a hair removing device built in accordance with the present invention, the edge of the arcuate comb portion adjacent teeth 97 was ground to a thickness of the order of five-thousandths of an inch and preferably between threeand seven-thousandths.

For the purpose of providing the desired shearing action. with comb portion 89, the cutter 21, also formed of spring steel or suitable material which will insure good cutting action, is provided with a central U-shaped channel portion 21a slightly larger than the rib 89a so the latter may be partially nested therein, and a pair of laterally extending flange portion 21b, each of which terminates in cutting teeth 99. The rib 89a serves as a guide for the reciprocating cutter 21 within which the rib 89a is nested. Preferably a loose fit between the channel portion 21a and rib 89a is provided so that even and distributed wear will occur between the comb and cutter teeth. The cutting teeth 99 are adapted to be disposed immediately beneath the cutting teeth 97 and 98, as is clearly shown in FIG. 10 of the drawings. Preferably, the cutter is ground on a cylindrical radius slightly larger than the radius of the comb at the teeth portions 97 and 98 thereof, so that the cutter will lap into the comb with use thereof to insure very good shearing action.

In order to drive the cutter from arm 550 or bell crank 55, an opening 100 is preferably defined at the center of the bight portion of section 21a of cutter 21. Preferably also, a distortion 101 of the bight portion 21a is provided on either side of this opening to insure engagement with the actuating arm 550 which is adapted to extend into the opening 100, as is clearly shown in FIG. 5 of the drawings. Also to insure proper engagement of the springs with the cutter, the bight portion of the U-shaped section 21a thereof is provided with a plurality of dimples 102, which are adapted to be received into the upper ends of the springs 85, as is clearly shown in FIG. 10 of the drawings. Thus, when the comb and cutter assembly is moved into the position shown in FIG. 10 of the drawings, the actuating arm 55c moves into driving engagement with the cutter 21, and the springs 85 move into engagement with the U-shaped portion 21a of the cutter 21, the dimples 102 insuring proper positioning of the springs 85 relative to the cutter 21. It will be apparent that there has been provided a cutting head which has two cutting edges, one edge for underarm hair which is adapted not to out too close, and another edge for leg hair which is capable of cutting very closely.

It will be appreciated that, since the cutter 21 is lapped into the comb, it is important that the cutter is always assembled with the comb in the same predetermined manner, otherwise the lapping operation will be of little value. Accordingly, the comb and cutter are preferably provided with means to insure assembly in the same manner. In an embodiment built in accordance with the present invention, one side of the cutter and the corresponding side of the comb were painted or otherwise coated with the same unique color, so that in assembling the same the operator could readily make sure that the corresponding colors were on adjacent sides. Additionally, as shown in FIG. 7 of the drawings, the corre sponding ends of the comb assembly 22 and cutter 21 may be provided with distinctive notches, such as indicated at 103 and 104, respectively. These notches should always be at corresponding ends when the cutting head is assembled. It will be appreciated that any suitable means for making it easy for the operator to assemble the cutter and comb assembly in the proper manner may be provided.

So that the operator may readily know which side of the cutting head is useful for cutting leg hair and which side is useful for cutting underarm hair, the casing is preferably provided with suitable indicia. As illustrated in the drawings, there are provided on one side of the casing the words For Legs, and on the other side of the casing the words For Underarms. Obviously, this indicia will have no meaning unless the comb and cutter assembly is applied to the casing in a predetermined manner. To this end the casing 23 and comb assembly 22 are designed so that the comb assembly cannot be attached to the casing in operative relation therewith unless it is attached thereto with the correct orientation. Preferably, to facilitate the proper assembly without the trial and error method, the casing is provided on the side thereof adjacent which the colored or distinctive sides of the comb assembly and cutter should be positioned with a suitable indicia, such as the dot 106 indicated in FIG. 3 of the drawings. This dot may be a colored dot corresponding to the color used on the cutter and comb assembly. However, to insure against improper assembly should the operator ignore the indicia, there are provided on one side of recess 80 and adjacent each end thereof the projections 108, only one of which is visible in FIG. 8 of the drawings. However, these projections S cooperate with cut-away sections or rabbeted portions indicated at 109 (see FIG. 7 of the drawings) at each end of the U-shaped support 88. Thus, the comb and cutter assembly can only be attached in operative relationship with the casing and motor in one predetermined manner, thus positively insuring correct orientation thereof. Preferably, a pair of shoulders similar to the projections 108 are provided on the casing section 27 so as to space the comb portion 89 from the transverse projections 26g and 27g thereby to prevent the pinching and pulling of hairs into the spaces between the ends of the comb portion and the transverse projections.

In order to hold the comb and cutter assembly in assembled position within the recess 80, there are provided a pair of spring clips 111. These spring clips 111 are preferably L-shaped, as best shown in FIG. 4 of the drawings. The short leg of the L is arranged to be disposed in cooperating notches defined in casing sections 26 and 27, so that the long arm of the L-shaped clips 111 extends substantially vertically along the ends of the recess 80. The upper end of the long arm of the L-shaped members 111 is provided with a laterally extending flange extending against the Wall of the recess and effectively fitting into cooperating recesses or notches 112 defined in the end casing sections 26g and 27g. Thus, the midpoint of the long arm of the L-shaped members 111 can be distorted into the notches 112. To provide suitable latching means, the intermediate portion of each of the long arms of the L-shaped member 111 is provided with a protuberance 111a extending into the recess 80, which protuberances are adapted to engage the ends of the bight portion of the U-shaped support member 38, as is clearly shown in FIG. 4 of the drawings, thus holding the comb and cutter assembly in attached relationship with the casing 23 and with the cutter in driving engagement with the arm 550 of the bell crank 55. The spring clips 111 are resilient enough so that they will be distorted when the comb and cutter assembly is pushed into recess 80, and, conversely, the comb and cutter assembly may readily be removed by applying a small pulling force to the mushroom-shaped comb portion which will cause the latching portions 111a to release the comb and cutter assembly.

In view of the detailed description included above, the operation of the cutting device designed especially for the removal of both leg hair and underarm hair will readily be understood by those skilled in the art. One side of the cutting head will cut no closer than the thickness of the comb stock employed, so that underarm irritation will not occur. On the other hand, the other side of the cutter head will cut much closer and is very satisfactory for removing leg hair. The comb and cutter are readily detachable from the casing, so that excess hair can be blown out. Moreover, means are provided to insure that improper positioning thereof cannot occur. Also, simple means are provided to insure the proper assembly of the cutter head and attachment thereof to the casing 23. A powerful motor is provided which is resiliently mounted in the casing and which has no parts that can move against each other to provide a loud noise.

The vibration of the motor is relatively small, and what vibration is present is prevented from being transmitted to the casing by the resilent mounting means provided. If desired, however, a modification shown in FIG. 11 of the drawings may be employed, where a fragmentary portion of the motor 24 is illustrated. As there illustrated, there is empolyed a counterweight which is attached to the motor frame by an L-shaped spring arm 121. This counterweight will vibrate in opposition to the vibration produced by movement of the armature thereby reducing still further any vibrations produced by the motor 24. The weight 120 is shaped so that it will readily fit within the casing 23. As illustrated, the L-shaped arm is riveted to an L-shaped bracket 122, which bracket is secured to the field structure of the motor 24 by screws 123. The counterweight 120 and the spring arm 121 are so selected that the composite counterweight structure has a natural frequency of vibration substantially equal to twice the frequency of alternation of the energizing current for the shaver which for one particular type of shaver is sixty cycles per second. As will be clear to those skilled in the art, the counterweight 120 thus vibrates one hundred eighty degrees out of phase with the remaining vibrating structure thereby to minimize the over-all vibration of the shaver 20.

While there have been illustrated and described a particular embodiment of an electric hair removing device especially designed for the use of women and a modification thereof, it will be appreciated that numerous changes and modifications thereof will occur to those skilled in the art, and it is intended in the appended claims to cover all those changes and modifications that fall within the true spirit and scope of the present invention.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. In a hair removing device comprising an integral cutter including a U-shaped center portion and a pair of outwardly directed flanges disposed on either side thereof, each of said flanges having a row of cutting teeth defined on the outer edge, said cutting teeth being formed on one cylindrical radius and, a comb shaped to enclose said cutter flanges, said comb having a row of slots disposed over each row of said cutter teeth to allow the entrance of hair to be sheared, said slotted portion of the comb being formed on a larger cylindrical radius than said cutting teeth radius, said slotted comb portion and rows of cutter teeth only being in angular contact along two relatively thin spaced cutting lines defined therebetween, means positioned between said flanges biasing said cutter teeth into cutting engagement with said slotted comb portions, the thickness of said comb being greate along one side cooperating with one of said flanges than along the opposite side.

2, An electric hair removing device of the dry type comprising a casing of split construction having two mating sections, said casing defining a first recess and a second recess which is on the parting line between said sections, a motor positioned within said casing, a cutter assembly removably mounted on said housing including a comb and cutter in shearing relationship, said comb enclosing said cutter and received within said first recess, said cutter adapted to be driven by said motor when the cutter assembly is positioned in said first recess, spring means engaging said cutter and casing for biasing and maintaining said cutter in good shearing relationship with said comb, said spring means including at least one coil spring having an integral enlargement at one end thereof and adapted to be received within said second recess, said second recess having an undercut portion intersected by said parting line for receiving said enlargement thereby retaining said spring to said casing.

3. A hair removing device comprising a cutter formed with cutting teeth defined in two spaced parallel rows along opposite edges thereof, a comb enclosing said cutter and having two rows of slotted portions positioned overlying and cooperating with said cutting teeth for shearing hair therebetween, power means for reciprocating said cutter in a direction parallel to said cutter teeth rows, said comb formed so that the only contact between said 14 comb and cutte in a direction normal to said cutting teeth rows is between said cutter teeth and comb slotted portions and so that said comb slotted portions are formed on a curve whereby said slotted portions defines acute angles with said row of cutter teeth, and means positioned between said rows of cutter teeth biasing said cutter rows into cutting engagement with said slotted comb portions.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,918,565 7/33 Rossman 2678 X 2,105,223 1/38 Nicholl 43.2 2,222,106 11/40 Knapp 3043.92 2,253,037 8/41 Knapp 3043.92 2,282,725 5/42 Jepson 3043.9 2,292,858 8/42 Alexay 3034.1 2,325,267 7/43 Murphy 304392 2,336,638 12/43 Rand 3034.1 2,345,695 4/44 Andis 30--34.1 2,530,759 11/50 Collins et al 3041.6 X 2,591,403 4/52 Carissimi 3043.92 2,637,901 5/53 Kahn et al 30--4l.6 2,661,531 12/53 Streng 3043.92 X 2,700,788 2/55 Hennelly 2671 X 2,725,625 12/55 Muntz 3034.2 2,802,260 8/57 Allen 3041.5 2,827,695 3/58 Vitale 3043.92 X 2,948,063 8/60 Jepson 3034.1

WILLIAM FELDMAN, Primary Examiner.

EDWARD V. BENHAM, MYRON C. KRUSE,

Examiners.

Claims (1)

1. IN A HAIR REMOVING DEVICE COMPRISING AN INTEGRAL CUTTER INCLUDING A U-SHAPED CENTER PORTION AND A PAIR OF OUTWARDLY DIRECTED FLANGES DISPOSED ON EITHER SIDE THEREOF, EACH OF SAID FLANGES HAVING A ROW OF CUTTING TEETH DEFINED ON THE OUTER EDGE, SAID CUTTING TEEHT BEING FORMED ON ONE CYLINDRICAL RADIUS AND, A COMB SHAPED TO ENCLOSE SAID CUTTER FLANGES, SAID COMB HAVING A ROW OF SLOTS DISPOSED OVER EACH ROW OF SAID CUTTER TEETH TO ALLOW THE ENTRANCE OF HAIR TO BE SHARED, SAID SLOTTED PORTION OF THE COMB BEING FORMED ON A LARGER CYLINDRICAL RADIUS THAN SAID CUTTING TEETH RADIUS, SAID SLOTTED COMB PORTION AND ROWS OF CUTTER TEETH ONLY BEING IN ANGULAR CONTACT ALONG TWO RELATIVELY THIN SPACED CUTTING LINES DEFINED THEREBETWEEN MEANS POSITIONED BETWEEN SAID FLANGES BIASING SAID CUTTER TEETH INTO CUTTING ENGAGEMENT WITH SAID SLOTTED COMB PORTIONS, THE THICKNESS OF SAID COMB BEING GREATER ALONG ONE SIDE COOPERATING WITH ONE OF SAID FLANGES THAN ALONG THE OPPOSITE SIDE.
US18410962 1955-11-01 1962-04-02 Electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device Expired - Lifetime US3203090A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US544212A US3072809A (en) 1955-11-01 1955-11-01 Electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device
US18410962 US3203090A (en) 1955-11-01 1962-04-02 Electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device

Applications Claiming Priority (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BE552238D BE552238A (en) 1955-11-01
GB2046956A GB826249A (en) 1955-11-01 1956-07-02 Electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device
CH356038D CH356038A (en) 1955-11-01 1956-10-25 Electric shaver
DES51056A DE1119991B (en) 1955-11-01 1956-10-29 Electric oscillating armature motor for electric shavers
FR1165456D FR1165456A (en) 1955-11-01 1956-10-30 Electrically actuated device forming a trimmer and razor and usable in particular by ladies
US18410962 US3203090A (en) 1955-11-01 1962-04-02 Electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3203090A true US3203090A (en) 1965-08-31

Family

ID=26879810

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US18410962 Expired - Lifetime US3203090A (en) 1955-11-01 1962-04-02 Electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US3203090A (en)
BE (1) BE552238A (en)
CH (1) CH356038A (en)
DE (1) DE1119991B (en)
FR (1) FR1165456A (en)
GB (1) GB826249A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100236073A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2010-09-23 The Gillette Company Electric Razors
US20140331506A1 (en) * 2013-05-09 2014-11-13 Makita Corporation Reciprocating cutting tool
US20160303749A1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2016-10-20 Sunbeam Products, Inc. Electrical Hair Cutting Apparatus
EP2083746B1 (en) 2006-11-03 2018-01-10 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Vibration-canceling secondary resonator for use in a personal care appliance

Citations (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1918565A (en) * 1930-04-02 1933-07-18 Delco Prod Corp Shock absorber
US2105223A (en) * 1937-02-05 1938-01-11 Nicholl Inc Hair clipper
US2222106A (en) * 1936-12-28 1940-11-19 Knapp Monarch Co Hair clipper
US2253037A (en) * 1937-11-06 1941-08-19 Knapp Monarch Co Dry shaver cutter head
US2282725A (en) * 1938-05-21 1942-05-12 Chicago Flexible Shaft Co Shaving implement
US2292858A (en) * 1938-07-28 1942-08-11 Gen Electric Shaving device and method of making
US2325267A (en) * 1940-09-27 1943-07-27 Thomas J Murphy Dry shaver cutter head
US2336638A (en) * 1939-03-15 1943-12-14 Remington Rand Inc Electric razor
US2345695A (en) * 1939-02-08 1944-04-04 Andis Clipper Co Dry shaving device
US2530759A (en) * 1946-12-05 1950-11-21 Laurence H Collins Electric razor
US2591403A (en) * 1947-06-26 1952-04-01 Remington Rand Inc Shaver head
US2637901A (en) * 1951-07-20 1953-05-12 Schick Inc Beard clippings receptacle for electric shavers
US2661531A (en) * 1950-01-04 1953-12-08 Remington Rand Inc Electric dry shaver construction
US2700788A (en) * 1954-03-22 1955-02-01 Walter L Hennelly Laterally resiliently displaceable stop for relatively movable elements
US2725625A (en) * 1952-09-17 1955-12-06 Frank F Muntz Hair pick-up for electric shavers
US2802260A (en) * 1955-12-30 1957-08-13 Charles S Allen Dry shaver with rotary cutting blades and suction fan
US2827695A (en) * 1955-07-14 1958-03-25 Frank J Vitale Hair clippers for trimming hair to different lengths
US2948063A (en) * 1957-05-20 1960-08-09 Sunbeam Corp Head for electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device

Family Cites Families (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE7365C (en) *
AT157081B (en) * 1936-03-23 1939-09-25 Clipshave Inc Hair clipper.
US2267582A (en) * 1937-04-22 1941-12-23 Aaron Hair clipper and shaver
US2283551A (en) * 1937-06-19 1942-05-19 Gillette Safety Razor Co Vibratory electric motor apparatus
US2238390A (en) * 1938-08-01 1941-04-15 Knapp Monarch Co Dry shaver
US2240890A (en) * 1938-10-11 1941-05-06 Oscar C Kavle Shaver
US2283552A (en) * 1940-01-31 1942-05-19 Gillette Safety Razor Co Vibratory electric motor apparatus
DE839911C (en) * 1942-01-31 1952-05-26 Richard Antretter Hair clippers for razor cut
CH233632A (en) * 1943-02-09 1944-08-15 Ag Scintilla Electric razor.
CH240267A (en) * 1944-05-22 1945-12-15 Bueche Rosse Henri Mechanical razor.
US2629169A (en) * 1947-02-05 1953-02-24 Jacob L Kleinman Shaving implement
DE817852C (en) * 1949-11-08 1951-10-22 Kolla Vertrieb G M B H Shaving head for electric shaving devices for shaving cuts
DE918581C (en) * 1952-05-14 1954-09-30 Bosch Gmbh Robert Polarized oscillating armature motor
US2720696A (en) * 1954-01-29 1955-10-18 Sanford I Wadsworth Electric shaver
DE1019932B (en) * 1955-10-01 1957-11-21 Braun Fa Max Swing armature drive for dry shavers

Patent Citations (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1918565A (en) * 1930-04-02 1933-07-18 Delco Prod Corp Shock absorber
US2222106A (en) * 1936-12-28 1940-11-19 Knapp Monarch Co Hair clipper
US2105223A (en) * 1937-02-05 1938-01-11 Nicholl Inc Hair clipper
US2253037A (en) * 1937-11-06 1941-08-19 Knapp Monarch Co Dry shaver cutter head
US2282725A (en) * 1938-05-21 1942-05-12 Chicago Flexible Shaft Co Shaving implement
US2292858A (en) * 1938-07-28 1942-08-11 Gen Electric Shaving device and method of making
US2345695A (en) * 1939-02-08 1944-04-04 Andis Clipper Co Dry shaving device
US2336638A (en) * 1939-03-15 1943-12-14 Remington Rand Inc Electric razor
US2325267A (en) * 1940-09-27 1943-07-27 Thomas J Murphy Dry shaver cutter head
US2530759A (en) * 1946-12-05 1950-11-21 Laurence H Collins Electric razor
US2591403A (en) * 1947-06-26 1952-04-01 Remington Rand Inc Shaver head
US2661531A (en) * 1950-01-04 1953-12-08 Remington Rand Inc Electric dry shaver construction
US2637901A (en) * 1951-07-20 1953-05-12 Schick Inc Beard clippings receptacle for electric shavers
US2725625A (en) * 1952-09-17 1955-12-06 Frank F Muntz Hair pick-up for electric shavers
US2700788A (en) * 1954-03-22 1955-02-01 Walter L Hennelly Laterally resiliently displaceable stop for relatively movable elements
US2827695A (en) * 1955-07-14 1958-03-25 Frank J Vitale Hair clippers for trimming hair to different lengths
US2802260A (en) * 1955-12-30 1957-08-13 Charles S Allen Dry shaver with rotary cutting blades and suction fan
US2948063A (en) * 1957-05-20 1960-08-09 Sunbeam Corp Head for electrically operated hair clipping and shaving device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100236073A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2010-09-23 The Gillette Company Electric Razors
EP2083746B1 (en) 2006-11-03 2018-01-10 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Vibration-canceling secondary resonator for use in a personal care appliance
US20160303749A1 (en) * 2011-11-11 2016-10-20 Sunbeam Products, Inc. Electrical Hair Cutting Apparatus
US20140331506A1 (en) * 2013-05-09 2014-11-13 Makita Corporation Reciprocating cutting tool
US9573207B2 (en) * 2013-05-09 2017-02-21 Makita Corporation Reciprocating cutting tool

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CH356038A (en) 1961-07-31
GB826249A (en) 1959-12-31
DE1119991B (en) 1961-12-21
FR1165456A (en) 1958-10-27
BE552238A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CA2705571C (en) Apparatus for converting side-to-side driving motion to rotational motion with a spring assembly and system for tuning the spring assembly
US5398412A (en) Reciprocatory dry shaver
US4347663A (en) Safety razor having movable head
US5943777A (en) Dry shaver with a skin stretcher
US6481104B1 (en) Vibrating shaving systems
JP4576919B2 (en) Reciprocating electric razor
KR100528654B1 (en) Hair cutter
US7419494B2 (en) Hair removing device
US7426785B2 (en) Multi type head moving shaver
JP4869925B2 (en) Electric hair cutting device
US5189792A (en) Reciprocatory electric shaver
US8464429B2 (en) Hair removal apparatus
EP1398122B1 (en) Undercutter for a shaving apparatus
US4649642A (en) Trimmer construction for electric shavers
US4249307A (en) Hair clipper
US3493793A (en) Hair clipper having oscillating armature motor
US7690117B2 (en) Shaving apparatus with a short-hair cutting device and a long-hair cutting device
US3842498A (en) Electric razor
US3872587A (en) Electric shaver with longitudinally split cutter
CA2202318C (en) Vibrator motor
US3967372A (en) Shaver with adjustable long hair trimmer
US3589007A (en) Electric hair clipper
US2275180A (en) Clipper
US4549352A (en) Washable electric shaver
US7239053B2 (en) Vibrator motor