US3199520A - Tent pegs - Google Patents

Tent pegs Download PDF

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Publication number
US3199520A
US3199520A US28742763A US3199520A US 3199520 A US3199520 A US 3199520A US 28742763 A US28742763 A US 28742763A US 3199520 A US3199520 A US 3199520A
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Prior art keywords
shank
arm
tent
ground
tension
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Cawood Allen Richard Hockly
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Cawood Allen Richard Hockly
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads
    • E02D5/80Ground anchors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H15/00Tents or canopies, in general
    • E04H15/32Parts, components, construction details, accessories, interior equipment, specially adapted for tents, e.g. guy-line equipment, skirts, thresholds
    • E04H15/62Pegs, stakes or the like

Description

1965 A. R. H. CAWOCD 3,199,520

TENT PEGS Filed June 12, 1963 United States Patent M 3,199,520 TENT lEGS Allen Richard l-lockly ilawood, Plot 2332 Von Willigh Ava, Lytteiton Small Holdings, Transvaal, Republic of South Africa Filed June 12, 1963-, Ser. N 287,427 laims priority, application Republic of South Africa,

June 29, 1952, 62/2,769 6 Claims. (Qt. 13515) This invention relates to improvements in tent pegs or like anchoring devices as used for securing the guy ropes and other parts of tents and like temporary structures, and for many other purposes.

It is well known that the usual tent peg presently in use consisting of a straight shank having one end pointed and the other provided with a hooked or notched formation, is unsatisfactory in that it tends to be loosened or pulled out of the ground, such as when a guy rope or tent flap contracts due to its absorbing moisture, or when the ground is wet or sandy.

An object of the invention is to provide a tent or anchor peg which will, at least to a large extent, overcome these shortcomings.

According to the invention a tent or anchor peg comprises an earth-penetrating shank part and a tensionresisting arm projecting at an angle from the shank part and being provided at its free end with a hook, eye or like formation for the attachment of a guy rope, tent flap or the equivalent thereto, and wherein the tension-resisting arm is capable of resilient displacement with respect to the shank part, whereby tension can be constantly applied to such guy rope, tent flap or the equivalent, notwithstanding normal variations in the effective length thereof due to varying weather or other conditions.

Preferably the angle at which the tension-resisting arm meets the shank part is acute. At least the tension-resisting arm is preferably made of resilient material.

According to a preferred construction, the improved peg is bent from a suitable length of resilient material such as spring steel or the equivalent of any suitable cross-sectional shape such as circular, square, triangular, oval or flat strip form. The angle between the tensionresisting arm and the shank part may be about 45 to 50 degrees. The free end of the tension-resisting arm is preferably bent in downwardly directed hooked form so thaat the loop of a guy rope or the eyelet of a tent side or flap, can be readily engaged therewith. Preferably the peg is bent from a suitable length of spring steel wire or rod stock of circular cross-section.

In use, the shank part, which is provided with a pointed end, is driven into the ground at such an angle that the tension-resisting arm li s substantially parallel with the ground surface and either touching or close to it, so as not to constitute any serious obstruction over which a person might be likely to trip. Due to the tension of a guy rope or the like acting in a line which can be arranged to be oblique or even at right angles to the centre line of the shank part of the peg, which results in the entire length of the shank resisting the strain, exceptional tension will be required to cause the shank part to be dislodged. Increased tension at the hooked end tends to force the shank part deeper into the ground.

These improved tent or anchor pegs are capable of being connected directly to the tent sides or flaps, by inserting the hooked ends of the tension-resisting arms thereof, through the usual eyelets provided along the bottom marginal edges of such sides or flaps.

To enable the invention to be more clearly understood and carried into practice, reference is now made to the accompanying drawings in which:

3,19%,5Zd Patented Aug. 10, 1%65 FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of a tent or anchor peg constructed according to one embodiment of the invention, shown in its operative position;

FIGURE 2 is a similar view, but showing another embodiment of the tent or anchor leg, likewise made according to the invention; and

FIGURE 3 is a broken shortened view similar to that of FIGURE 2, showing a further embodiment of the invention.

Referring to FIGURE 1, reference character 5 denotes the earth-penetrating shank part which is pointed at its end 6. Formed integrally with this shank part 5 is the tension-resisting arm 7 provided at its free end with a downwardly directed hook formation 8 to which the end of a guy rope 9 can be readily attached. In use the shank part 5 is hammered into the ground Ill until the tension-resisting arm 7 lies in contact with and parallel with the ground surface. a

The broken outline shows how the tension-resisting arm 7 will flex if the guy rope shortens due to its becoming wet, or is subjected to extra stress due to wind pressure on the tent.

FIGURE 2 shows a modified construction in which, at the junction between the tension-resisting arm 7 and the shank part 5, the material is bent to provide a helical convolution 11, the axis of which is at right angles to the arm 7 which thereby gives increased resilient flexibility at such junction.

FIGURE 3 shows a further modified construction in which, at the junction between the tension-resisting arm 7 and the shank part 5, the material is bent to provide a plurality of helical convolutions 12, the axis of which is in line with the arm 7. This construction, besides providing increased resilient flexibility in a vertical direction, also provides resilient flexibility in line with the arm 7.

In all three embodiments the peg is bent from spring steel wire or rod stock, and the angle between the tensionresisting arm and the shank pait is 45 degrees. Furthermore, the length of shank part 5 with respect to the length of tension-resisting arm 7 is such that the end 6' of shank part 5 lies substantially below hook formation 8 of tension-resisting arm 7, as shown in FIG. 2.

As has been seen above there is provided in accordance with the invention and for use with a tent .part to maintain a restraining force thereon and connect the same to the ground, a tent peg consisting essentially of an earth penetrable shank part adapted to be inserted at an angle in the ground, there being further provided a tensionresisting arm adapted to lie along the ground and including a free end, and as well, a further end coupled to the said shank part. The arm and shank part are integrally connected and hook means are provided on the free end for engaging the aforesaid tent part. This arm has a normal position of rest relative to the shank part and in said position of rest is at an acute angle relative to the shank part. Said arm is resiliently yieldable relative to the shank part and the hook means is adapted in all positions on the arm to engage the tent part with the aforesaid restraining force having a direction substantially coplanar with the shank part and the arm. The shank part is at least as long as the arm and the hook means opens towards the shank part and projects from the arm towards the shank part such that with said arm lying on the ground, said hook means is resiliently urged against the ground to trap said tent part thereagainst.

There will now be obvious to those skilled in the art many modifications and variations of the structure set forth above. These modifications and variations will not depart from the scope of the invention as defined by the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. An improved anchoring peg for anchoring a portion of a tent comprising an earth-penetrating shank part including a pointed free end and a tension-resisting arm integral with and projecting at an acute angle from said shank part, said arm including a free end having a tent portion engaging means, said tension-resisting arm being of a resilient material capable of bending when a force is applied along a line making an angle with the axis of said tension-resisting arm so that a constant resisting ten sion is applied to said tent portion, and said pointed free end lying substantially in a line vertically below said tent portion engaging means so that said shank portion resists dislodgement from the earth when forces including components in the plane defined by said shank part and said tension-resisting arm are applied to said tent portion engaging means, and a junction between said tension-resisting arm and said shank part including at least one helical convolution whose axis is parallel to the axis of said tension-resisting arm.

2. For use with a tent part to maintain a restraining force thereon and connect said tent part to the ground, a tent peg consisting essentially of an earth-penetrable shank part adapted to be inserted at an angle in said ground, a tension resisting arm adapted to lie along the ground and including a free end and a further end coupled to said shank part, said arm and shank part being integrally connected and hook means on said free end for engaging said tent part, said arm having a normal position of rest relative to said shank part and, in said position of rest, being at an acute angle relative to said shank part, said arm being resiliently yieldable relative to said shank part, said hook means being adapted in all positions 4 of said arm to engage said tent part with said restraining force having a direction substantially coplanar with the shank part and said arm, said shank part being at least as long as said arm, said hook means opening towards said shank part and projecting from said arm towards said shank part such that with said arm lying on the ground said hook means is resiliently urged against the ground to trap said tent part thereagainst.

3. A tent peg as claimed in claim 2, wherein said arm is of resilient material adapting it for resilient displacement relative to said shank part and is disposed at an angle of about -5O degrees relative to said shank part.

4. A tent peg as claimed in claim 2, wherein said further end is in the form of a helical coil whereby said arm is resiliently yieldable.

5. A tent peg as claimed in claim 4, wherein said coil defines an axis parallel to said arm.

6. A tent peg as claimed in claim 4, wherein said coil defines an axis perpendicularto said arm.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,748,438 6/56 Clark 24-156 2,903,773 9/56 Piplack 24-156 FOREIGN PATENTS 851,256 9/39 France. 412,729 7/34 Great Britain.

HARRISON R. MOSELEY, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

  1. 2. FOR USE WITH A TENT PART TO MAINTAIN A RESTRAINING FORCE THEREON AND CONNECT SAID TENT PART TO THE GROUND, A TENT PEG CONSISTING ESSENTIALLY OF AN EARTH-PENETRABLE SHANK PART ADAPTED TO BE INSERTED AT AN ANGLE IN SAID GROUND, A TENSION RESISTING ARM ADAPTED TO LIE ALONG THE GROUND AND INCLUDING A FREE END AND A FURTHER END COUPLED TO SAID SHANK PART, SAID ARM AND SHANK PART BEING INTEGRALLY CONNECTED AND HOOK MEANS ON SAID FREE END FOR ENGAGING SAID TENT PART, SAID ARM HAVING A NORMAL POSITION REST RELATIVE TO SAID SHANK PART AND, IN SAID POSITION OF REST, BEING AT AN ACUTE ANGLE RELATIVE TO SAID SHANK PART, SAID ARM BEING RESILIENTLY YIELDABLE RELATIVE TO SAID SHANK PART, SAID HOOK MEANS BEING ADAPTED IN ALL POSITIONS OF SAID ARM TO ENGAGE SAID TENT PART WITH SAID RESTRAINING FORCE HAVING A DIRECTION SUBSTANTIALLY COPLANARE WITH THE SHANK PART AND SAID ARM, SAID SHANK PART BEING AT LEAST AS LONG AS SAID ARM, SAID HOOK MEANS OPENING TOWARDS
US28742763 1962-06-29 1963-06-12 Tent pegs Expired - Lifetime US3199520A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ZA6202769 1962-06-29

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US3199520A true US3199520A (en) 1965-08-10

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US28742763 Expired - Lifetime US3199520A (en) 1962-06-29 1963-06-12 Tent pegs

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US (1) US3199520A (en)
DE (1) DE1457474A1 (en)
GB (1) GB977279A (en)
NO (1) NO118716B (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3431924A (en) * 1967-01-19 1969-03-11 Alden H Simpson Tent stake
US3716985A (en) * 1971-12-13 1973-02-20 C Meister Line tightening lever
US20180000020A1 (en) * 2015-02-06 2018-01-04 Claudio Bortolussi Movable stake and method for supporting and training one or more branches in plant cultivation
AU2017203343B2 (en) * 2016-05-19 2019-10-03 John Bruce McPharlin Anchor peg assembly

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2216559A (en) * 1988-02-09 1989-10-11 Timothy Edmund Simmons Angled tent peg
GB9919997D0 (en) * 1999-08-24 1999-10-27 Orr Robert J Ground anchors
US6619307B2 (en) 1999-08-24 2003-09-16 Robert John Orr Ground anchors
GB2369132B (en) * 2000-11-15 2004-03-24 David Birss Anchorage

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB412729A (en) * 1933-04-04 1934-07-05 Mario Fiorone Improvements in anchorage devices
FR851256A (en) * 1938-03-08 1940-01-05 An anchoring tents, masts, camouflage fabrics, etc., by means of a tension member provided on these objects and inclined with respect to the ground plane
US2748438A (en) * 1955-06-16 1956-06-05 Charles M Clark Twin-way pin safehead
US2903773A (en) * 1956-11-30 1959-09-15 Arno E Piplack Safety pin clasp

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB412729A (en) * 1933-04-04 1934-07-05 Mario Fiorone Improvements in anchorage devices
FR851256A (en) * 1938-03-08 1940-01-05 An anchoring tents, masts, camouflage fabrics, etc., by means of a tension member provided on these objects and inclined with respect to the ground plane
US2748438A (en) * 1955-06-16 1956-06-05 Charles M Clark Twin-way pin safehead
US2903773A (en) * 1956-11-30 1959-09-15 Arno E Piplack Safety pin clasp

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3431924A (en) * 1967-01-19 1969-03-11 Alden H Simpson Tent stake
US3716985A (en) * 1971-12-13 1973-02-20 C Meister Line tightening lever
US20180000020A1 (en) * 2015-02-06 2018-01-04 Claudio Bortolussi Movable stake and method for supporting and training one or more branches in plant cultivation
US10729076B2 (en) * 2015-02-06 2020-08-04 Claudio Bortolussi Movable stake and method for supporting and training one or more branches in plant cultivation
AU2017203343B2 (en) * 2016-05-19 2019-10-03 John Bruce McPharlin Anchor peg assembly

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE1457474A1 (en) 1969-02-20
GB977279A (en) 1964-12-02
NO118716B (en) 1970-02-02

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