US3150390A - Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece - Google Patents

Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3150390A
US3150390A US832990A US83299059A US3150390A US 3150390 A US3150390 A US 3150390A US 832990 A US832990 A US 832990A US 83299059 A US83299059 A US 83299059A US 3150390 A US3150390 A US 3150390A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
chuck
transfer
frame
article
arm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US832990A
Inventor
Paul W Klooz
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Veeder Industries Inc
Original Assignee
Veeder Root Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Veeder Root Inc filed Critical Veeder Root Inc
Priority to US832990A priority Critical patent/US3150390A/en
Priority claimed from US32957763 external-priority patent/US3244295A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3150390A publication Critical patent/US3150390A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B9/00Automatic or semi-automatic turning-machines with a plurality of working-spindles, e.g. automatic multiple-spindle machines with spindles arranged in a drum carrier able to be moved into predetermined positions; Equipment therefor
    • B23B9/08Automatic or semi-automatic machines for turning of workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J13/00Details of machines for forging, pressing, or hammering
    • B21J13/08Accessories for handling work or tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23GTHREAD CUTTING; WORKING OF SCREWS, BOLT HEADS, OR NUTS, IN CONJUNCTION THEREWITH
    • B23G9/00Working screws, bolt heads, or nuts in conjunction with thread cutting, e.g. slotting screw heads or shanks, removing burrs from screw heads or shanks; Finishing, e.g. polishing, any screw-thread
    • B23G9/001Working screws
    • B23G9/004Finishing screws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/10Single-purpose machines or devices
    • B24B7/16Single-purpose machines or devices for grinding end-faces, e.g. of gauges, rollers, nuts, piston rings
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H19/00Switches operated by an operating part which is rotatable about a longitudinal axis thereof and which is acted upon directly by a solid body external to the switch, e.g. by a hand
    • H01H19/02Details
    • H01H19/10Movable parts; Contacts mounted thereon
    • H01H19/14Operating parts, e.g. turn knob
    • H01H19/18Operating parts, e.g. turn knob adapted for actuation at a limit or other predetermined position in the path of a body, the relative movement of switch and body being primarily for a purpose other than the actuation of the switch, e.g. door switch, limit switch, floor-levelling switch of a lift

Description

P. w. KLOOZ 3,150,390 APPARATUS FOR TRIMMING SEQUENTIALLY THE OPPOSITE Sept. 29, 1964 ENDS OF AN ELONGATED WORKPIECE.
4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 11, 1959 INVENTOR PAUL M KLOOZ E ,f g
1 A ORNEYS Sept. 29, 1964 KLOOZ APPARATUS FOR TRIMMING SEQUENTIALLY THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF AN ELONGATED WORKPIEICE 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 11, 1959 INVENTOR PAUL W KLOOZ Sept. 29, 1964 P. w. KLOOZ 3,150,390
APPARATUS FOR TRIMMING SEQUENTIALLY THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF AN ELONGATED WORKPIECE 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed Aug. 11, 1959 INVENTOR FA UL IM K L O 0 2 WWW A'ITORNEYS Sept. 29, 1964 P. w. KLOOZ 3, ,3
APPARATUS FOR TRIMMING SEQUENTIALLY THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF AN ELONGATED WORKPIECE 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Aug. 11, 1959 INVENTOR PA UL W KL OOZ ATTORNEYS FIG. 5
United States Patent F 3,159,390 APPARATUS FOR TRHVIMING SEQUENTIALLY THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF AN ELONGATED WGRKPIECE Paul W. Klooz, West Hartford, Conn, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Veeder-Root Incorporated, Hartford, Conn, a corporation ofConnecticut Filed Aug. 11, 1959, Ser. No. 832,990 12 Claims. (Ci. -9)
This invention relates generally to machine tools of the type performing trimming, chamfering, shaving, skiving and similar operations on workpieces such as headed blanks having two or more diameters, slugs, bars and the like and is particularly concerned with a machine tool of this type suitable for machining sequentially the opposite ends of such an elongated workpiece in a completely automatic operation.
As pointed out in my prior Patent No. 2,881,452, issued to the assignee of the present invention, apparatus of this type has particular utility in the art of manufacturing socket headscrews, although its general utility is not limited to this art. After a socket has been formed in the rod stock slug during the manufacture of a socket headscrew, it is necessary to trim both ends of the slug and it is most desirable that this trimming operation be performed at high speed. The problem of high speed, economical production of socket headscrews and similar workpieces is greatly complicated as the workpieces increase in length. Also, it is desirable to be able to use the same machine to trim workpieces of widely difierent length.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a single machine that sequentially trims the opposite ends of workpieces which is particularly adapted for use with workpieces of relatively long length and which is adjustable for use throughout a long range of sizes of workpieces.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a machine that trims the opposite ends of a workpiece in sequence at high speeds and which can trim workpieces of widely varying length without necessitating material alterations in the workpiece loading or feed mechanism.
it is a still further object of this invention to provide a machine of the foregoing character having an improved transfer mechanism for transferring a workpiece between wo adjacent chucking devices and for reversing the workpiece end for end, which transfer mechanism is easily adjustable to accommodate a wide range of workpiece sizes.
It is another object of this invention to provide a work loading mechanism for a machine of the class described, which work loading mechanism is capable of loading workpieces of widely varying lengths into a chuck without adjustment.
It is yet another object of this invention to provide a machine of the foregoing character which is low in cost, which requires little supervision or attention during normai operation, which is durable and reliable in operation and which requires minimum operational maintenance.
Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out more in detail hereinafter.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combination of elements and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the construction hereafter set forth and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the appended claims.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a preferred embodiment of the apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial side elevation view of the apparatus of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a partial front view of the apparatus of FIG. 1;
3,159,399 Patented Sept. 29, 1964 FIG. 4 is a partial side elevation view of the work loading mechanism taken generally along the lines 44 of FIG. 1; and p FIG. 5 is an enlarged partial top plan view of the work loading mechanism of FIG. 1. 7
Before describing the mechanism of the present invention in detail, the following general summary of the main operating parts and their functional relationship will assist in the understanding of the invention. Referring to FIG. 1, the basic machine includes a frame 10 on which is mounted a work feeding or loading device 12 that conveys workpieces in sequence to the first of two spindle collets 14 and 16. Collets 14 and 16 are arranged in spaced generally parallel relationship and are operated in unison to simuitaneously rotate two workpieces which are gripped at one end thereof, the workpieces being transferred to the collets in sequence and being reversed when transferred to the second collet so that a trimming operation may be performed on one end of a workpiece contained in collet 14, while, at the same time, the opposite end of a similar workpiece previously trimmed at one end while in collet 14 is being held for a trimming operation in collet 16. The collets or chucking devices 14, 16 are of conventional type such as that disclosed in detail in my prior Patent No. 2,881,452.
In order to transfer the workpiece contained in collet 14 to collet 16 and, at the same time, to reverse its position end for end, transfer frame 18 is mounted on frame it and has carrier 2% mounted thereon for pivotal movement from a position of alignment with collet 14 to a position of alignment with collet 16. In addition, carrier 22 is pivotally mounted on transfer frame 18 for movement from a position of alignment with collet 16 to a position of alignment with a suitable collection device (not shown) for fully trimmed workpieces adjacent frame 10. To assist in removal of the workpieces from the collets 14 and 16, conventional ejector mechanism (not shown) is provided, within the internal automatic operating mechanism of the collets. The pusher mechanisms 25, 2e are provided to inject the workpieces into the collets from the transfer mechanism. The necessary trimming operation is performed on the free end of the workpiece held in each collet by cutting tools 28 and 29. The proper programming of the operation of the foregoing briefiy described mechanisms is provided by an enclosed series of cams or cam mechanisms indicated diagrammatically at 32, which cams are driven in timed relationship to each other and are connected to the aforementioned operating mechanisms by appropriate driving linkages. Having described the general structural and operational characteristics of my apparatus, reference is now made in detail to the collets or chucking devices 14 and 16. As most clearly seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, each collet is provided with a collet cap 35, having a beveled aperture therein in which are disposed gripping fingers 36 that are urged into clamping relationship with a workpiece when the conventional actuating mechanism is operated. Reverse operation of the actuating mechanism releases the fingers and, at the same time, causes a conventional ejecting pin (not shown), centrally disposed within the collet, to be moved forwardly to eject the workpiece contained therein. Lever arm 38 connects the two chuck operating mechanisms of this apparatus to the cam mechanism 32 to effect simultaneous gripping and release-ejecting operation of the collets 14 and 16 in proper timed sequence to the other operations of the mechanisms of this invention. For simplicity and brevity of presentation and since the cam mechanism 32 is conventional, it has not been deemed necessary to show each of the individual cams in detail.
Coming now to the work loading mechanism 12, it is seen by reference to the drawings and particularly FIGS.
3, 4 and 5, that workloading arm 40, mounted on frame and inclined downwardly to a point adjacent collet 14,
is provided with a feed slot 42 and a pair of adjustably mounted guide rails 43 and 44.. The workpieces slide by gravity down arm 40 between rails 43 and 44 and towards gate 46 in an upright position with their heads resting on the top of the rails. Gate 46 is mounted on plunger 47 which is received in aperture 48 of guide frame 49 secured to arm 40. Gate 46 and plunger 47 are driven by pin 51 which extends laterallythrough slots 54 and 55 in guide block 49 and through plunger 47 to engage drive rod 53. Drive rod 53 is provided with a necked down end 58 that normally engages yoke 60 on lever 61 which is pivotally mounted on frame 10 by bolt 62. The lower end of lever 61 carries follower 63 which engages cam 64 mounted on cam shaft 65 in cam box 32. Cam surface 66 is positioned on cam 64 to impart oscillatory movement to lever 61 (and therefore oscillatory movement to gate 46) in proper timed sequence to the other mechanisms of my apparatus. Drive rod 53 (and consequently gate 46) when moved by the cam in the opposite direction from the collet 14 loads the return spring 56 contained within generally cylindrical guide 57. For convenience, lockout plunger 71 is mounted on guide block 49 so that, when gate 46 is in the poistion closing feed rails 43 and 44, pin 51 may be depressed to engage plunger 53 and lock gate 46 in the closed position to permit operation of the machine with the feed mechanism or work loader 12 disabled. In this position, the lever 61 merely oscillates in its timed pattern but movement of gate 46 under the influence of spring 56 is precluded.
In order to accommodate workpieces of various lengths and to move one of such workpieces from a position of alignment with feed rails 43 and 44 to a second position wherein it can be grasped by the feed finger mechanism designated generally as 92, a groove 93 is provided in gate 46 in alignment with slot 42 and, in the preferred embodiment, an enlarged groove portion 94 is provided above groove 93 to receive the head of the workpiece and support it on ledge 95.
Transfer of a single workpiece from groove 93 in gate 46 to a position wherein the workpiece is aligned with collet 14 is provided by feed finger mechanism 92 which is arranged generally parallel to and mounted on arm 40. Guide block 96 is fastened to the side of arm 40 and is provided with a longitudinally extending cam slot '67 having a straight portion 68 and an arcuate portion 69. Feed arm 97 is mounted in guide block 96 for longitudinal sliding movement and is provided with a radially extending pin 71 which acts as a cam follower to rotatably position arm 97 in accordance with the configuration of cam track 67, as hereinafter explained. As most clearly seen in FIG. 3 arm 97 is provided with a cylindrical aperture 73 in which guide tube 74 is slidably received. Guide tube 74 is fastened at one end to arm 49 and contains therein a coiled torsion spring 76 having one end secured to arm 40 and having its other end secured to arm 97 through a slot in guide tube 74. Rack 78 is slidably mounted on guide block 96 and is in toothed engagement with segment gear 79. Pin 80 is fastened to rack 78 and engages a circumferential slot in arm 97 to establish driving engagement between rack 78 and arm 97 regardless of the rotated position of arm 97. Crank 82 is rigidly secured to sector gear 79 and is pivotally connected to link 83 which in turn is pivotally connected to link 84 journaled on rockshaft 85. Rockshaft 85 is driven in an oscill'atory'rnanner by the cam mechanism 32 acting through spring buifer as sembly 36' The limits of the pivotal movement of link 84 are determined by a pair of adjustable stops 84a (one of which is shown in FIG. 3). A pair of spring-pressed feed fingers 87 are fixedly secured to the end of shaft 97 adjacent gate 46 and are dimensioned to clampingly engage a workpiece carried in groove 93.
The operation of the work loading mechanism of my apparatus can best be appreciated by referring to FIGS.
3 and 5 wherein it will be seen that a workpiece standing upright between feed rails 43 and 44 will slide down between these rails until it rests in the trough or groove 93 in gate 46 with its head extending beyond groove 93 and resting on ledge 95. As gate 46 is moved towards collet 14, flat portion 45 of gate 46 closes off the end of the slot 42 and positions the single workpiece in groove 93'at a position adjacent to slot 42 and in alignment with feed fingers 87. Arm 97 is then advanced by sector gear 83 through the straight portion 68 of cam slot 67 until fingers 87 engage and grasp the head of the workpiece. At this time, the cam mechanism 32 causes retraction of gate 46 to the position shown in FIG. 5, and, at the same time, advances arm 97 into the arcu-ate portion 69 of cam track 67 to enable arm 97 to rotate 90 under the influence of spring 76. Slight additional forward travel is provided by this cam track portion so that the final advanced position of feed fingers 87 is one in which the fingers are rotated and advanced to the position wherein the workpiece is in alignment with collet 14.
In order to inject a workpiece into either or both of the collets, injectors and 26 are utilized and generally comprise plunger 100, aligned with collet 14, and plunger 101 aligned with collet 16, each of which are mounted for sliding movement in transverse frame member 102. Yoke 195 is slidably mounted on guide rail 186 about which is disposed the coiled compression spring 107. Arm 109 is pivotally connected to yoke 105 and is driven by the cam mechanism 32 in timed relationship to move yoke 195 against compression spring 107 to bring plunger 100 and 101 forward to force a workpiece aligned with the concerned collet into the collet. Thus the workpiece positioned in alignment with collet 14 by feed fingers 87 is forced into collet 14 and out of feed fingers 87 by plunger 100. The injectors are thereafter withdrawn to a remote position to permit appropriate cutting tools to be advanced into engagement with the workpiece in the collet to perform the end trimming operation.
As most clearly seen in FIGS. 2 and 3, a pair of generally parallel rockshafts and 116 are journaled for rotation in frame 10 and carry adjacent their outer ends cutting tools 28 and 29 for engagement with the ends of the workpieces protruding from collets 14 and 16.
Rockshafts 115 and 116 are also controlled by the cam mechanism 32 to bring cutting tool 28 into engagement with the end or" the workpiece contained in collet 14 (as yet there is no workpiece contained in collect 16 for tool 29 to engage). After the cutting operation is performed, the rockshaft is pivoted to withdraw the cutting tool to a position spaced from the collets and the workpiece contained therein.
In order to effect the transfer and end-for-end reversal V of the workpiece contained in collet 14 to collet 16 so that the other end can be trimmed, transfer arm 20 is pivotally mounted on transfer frame 18 for rotation with shaft journaled in frame 18. Rack 126 is mounted for sliding movement in' frame 18 and engages the pinion 129 afiixed to shaft 125. Shaft 125 is positioned substantially midway between collets 14 and 16 and arm 20 is provided with spring pressed fingers 132 depending therefrom so that arm 20 can rotate between a position wherein fingers 132 are aligned withcollet 14 to a position wherein fingers 132 are aligned with collet 16 (see FIG. 3). Arm 22 is mounted on shaft 127 which is also journaled for rotation on frame 18. Pinion 130 is secured to the end of shaft 127 and meshes with rack 126 so that arms 20 and 22 move simultaneously. It is noted that arms 22 and 20 are substantially identical in construction and that arm 22 is positioned relative to collet 16 so that it can pivot between a position of alignment with collet 16 in which the fingers grasp a workpiece contained in collet 16 to a position shown in FIG. 3 wherein the workpiece is moved away from collet 16 and frame 10 to an appropriate receiver for trimmed goods. As seen in FIG. 1, rack 126 has yoke 135 attached at one end, which yoke is pivotally engaged by link 136. Link 136 is connected to the cam mechanism 32 to effect reciprocating motion of rack 126 and pivotal motion of arms 2i and 22 in a timed manner properly related to the operation of other mechanisms of my apparatus.
In order to transfer workpieces of widely varying lengths from collet 14 to collet 16 and to insure that the transferred workpiece will be properly aligned with collet 15, transfer frame 18, on which transfer arms 20 and 22 are mounted, is mounted for sliding movement on frame 10. This sliding movement is imparted to frame 18 by the cam mechanism 32 acting through link 1419, bell crank 141 and adjustable link 144. As seen in FIG. 1, bell crank 141 is pivotally mounted on frame 11 and pivotally connected at its ends to link 140 and adjustable link 144, respectively. As most clearly seen in FIG. 2, transfer frame 13 is slidably mounted on a pair of generally parallel guide bars 146 (one of which is shown in FIG. 2) and provided with spring 14-8 which urges transfer frame 18 towards adjustably positioned stop 149. Thus, as link 14!) is moved by its associated cam, bell crank 142 rotates to slide transfer frame 18 on bars 146. In the direction of movement of frame 18 away from stop 149, spring 148 is extended and acts to provide the return force for frame 18. Each complete cycle of movement of the cam which controls link 149, causes trans er frame 18 to move to a given fully extended position and spring 148 returns frame 18 towards collets 14 and 16 until stop 149 is engaged by rear leg of frame 18.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention the transfer frame has a dwell position during a cutting operation which is the fully extended position of frame 18 as shown in FIG. 2. At this position, the transfer arms 21) and 22 are positioned remote from cutting tools 28 and 29 and collets 14 and 1d and it has been found desirable to select a dwell position of the arms 29 and 22, as determined by the position of rack 126, to be one in which the arms are at a slight angle from the perpendicular to the transfer frame. When the trimming operation has been completed, the rack 126 is moved to cause rotation of arm to a position of alignment with collet 14, after which transfer frame 18 is moved towards collets 14 and 16 by an amount determined by the position of stop 142. As frame 18 moves towards the collets, the transfer fingers, having been rotated to a position of alignment with the workpieces in the collets, slide over the workpieces. At this time, the collets are opened, the ejectors operate to push the workpiece out of the collet and the workpiece is then in position for transfer to its next operating position. Transfer frame 18 is now moved forward to its outermost position, at which position rack 126 is moved to rotate arm 2% to a position of alignment with collet 16. Because arm 2% has been moved away from the col lets before it is rotated, a workpiece of considerably greater length can be rotated into a position of alignment with collet 16. Transfer frame 18 is then moved in toward collet 1-5 and yoke 185 is advanced by lever 109 to bring injector 26 and plunger 1G1 into position to push the workpiece held by arm 2% into collet 16, after which yoke 105 is withdrawn, the collets close, and transfer frame 18 is moved outwardly to the dwell position to disengage arm 2% from the workpiece.
It is noted at this point that the operation of work loader 12 is synchronized with the transfer operation so that when arm 20 has rotated into a position of alignment with collet 16 and transfer frame 13 has been withdrawn by spring 148 to a position determined by stop 14%, a new workpiece is positioned in alignment with collet 14 so that movement of yoke 105 causes injectors and 26 to function simultaneously to insert a new workpiece into collet 14 and to insert the reverse end of the workpiece from collet 14 into collet 16.
In order to facilitate collection of the workpieces from collet 16 after both ends have been trimmed, the arm 22 is provided, having a pattern of operation substantially identical with that of arm 20, to grasp the finished workpiece from collet 16 and move it to the position shown in FIG. 3 wherein it is positioned over an appropriate receiver. The auxiliary ejector 160 is slidably mounted in support arms 161 and 162 which in turn are fixed to injector 26. Spring 163 is operative between arm 161 and auxiliary ejector 160 to provide a resilient drive to compensate for variations in length of the workpieces contained in arm 22. Thus, as the injectors move forward, the auxiliary ejector 160 engages and removes the finished workpiece from arm 22.
It is believed to be advantageous to the understanding of the foregoing structure to briefly summarize a complete cycle of operation of the apparatus of my invention so as to properly relate the time sequence of the various operations. It is noted that, in the preferred embodiment, a single cam shaft 65 is provided to drive the cam mechanism 32 which controls the operation of the various mechanisms of my apparatus, thereby insuring their proper timed relationship. Assuming that there is a completely finished workpiece in collet 16, a workpiece which has only one end trimmed in collet 14 and a supply of untrimmed workpieces in work loader 12, it can be seen that transfer arms 26 and 22 are rotated from their dwell position to a position wherein arm 20 is aligned with collet 14 and arm 22 is aligned with collet 16, after which transfer frame 13 is moved inwardly against the stop 149. Collets 14 and 16 open simultaneously and the ejectors contained therein force the workpieces out of collets 14 and 16 into arms 21 and 22. Transfer frame 18 is then driven outwardly to its dwell position, at which point arms 20 and 22 rotate to the solid line position shown in FIG. 3. Transfer frame 18 is then moved back to engage stop 149 and, at the same time, gate 45 is moved towards collet 14 to bring a single workpiece into alignment with transfer fingers 87. Transfer fingers 87 are then advanced to grasp the workpiece and gate 46 is withdrawn. Transfer fingers 87 continue to advance and are rotated 90 to bring an untrimmed workpiece into alignment with collet 14. Yoke 1155 is then advanced so that injector 25 forces the untrimmed workpiece into collet 14, injector 26 forces the trimmed end of the workpiece in transfer arm 21 into collet 16 and auxiliary ejector 160 forces the finished workpiece out of the transfer arm 22. Collets 14 and 16 are now closed and transfer frame 18 is moved outwardly to the dwell position. Cutting tools 28 and 29 are rotated by rockshafts and 116 into the cutting position and collets 14 and 16 are rotated by an appropriate drive mechanism. This sequence of operation is repeated as often as is necessary to trim the opposite ends of the desired number of workpieces and to deposit the workpieces in an appropriate receptacle.
From the foregoing description of the structure and operation of my apparatus, it is apparent that I have provided a trimming apparatus which accommodates a wide variety of different lengths of workpieces and which permits the machine to operate upon the workpieces by making only one simple adjustment, i.e., the positioning of the stop which determines the inward movement of the transfer frame relative to the collets. This improved apparatus utilizes an improved feed mechanism and an improved transfer mechanism whose operation does not depend upon the proper length of the workpiece. My improved apparatus is reliable and dependable in operation, is economical to manufacture, and can be operated without special training and with a minimum of supervision.
As will be apparent to persons skilled in the art, various modifications and adaptations of the structure above described will become readily apparent without departure from the spirit and scope of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims.
I claim:
1. Apparatus for sequentially trimming the opposite ends of an elongated article comprising; first and second 7 chuck means for successively holding the article, a transfer frame, means supporting said transfer frame for oscillatory movement toward and away from said first and second chuck means, a transfer member pivotally mounted on said frame and having a first position aligned with said first chuck means and a second position aligned with said second chuck means, drive means operative to move said transfer frame to a dwell position displaced from said chuck means, means operative to pivot said transfer arm to said second position while said frame is in the dwell position, said drive means being operative to move a said frame toward said chuck means after said transfer arm has rotated to said second position to reverse said article end for end, a pusher aligned with said second chuck means and operative to push the article from said transfer arm into said second chuck means when said transfer arm is in said second position, said drive means being further operative to move said transfer frame to said dwell position after said second pusher has placed the article in said second chuck means, cutting means positioned adjacent each said chuck means to engage the article contained therein when said frame is in the dwell position, guide means for feeding the article to a location 7 adjacent said first chuck means, a work loader positioned adjacent to said guide means and said chuck means for positioning one article from said guide means in alignment with said first chuck means, means for operating said work loader when said transfer frame is in said first position, and a pusher aligned with said first chuck means and operative to push the article from said work loader into said first chuck means while said transfer frame is in said first position.
2. Apparatus for sequentially trimming the opposite ends of an elongated article comprising; first and second chuck means for successively holding the article in'a horizontal position, parallel spaced apart guide rails inclined downwardly toward and terminating adjacent said first chuck means, a gate positioned at the end of said guide rails and operative to move one article from 'said guide rails to a position spaced therefrom, a transfer frame, means supporting said frame for oscillatory movement toward and away from said first and second chuck means, a transfer member pivotally mounted on said frame and having a first position aligned with said first chuck means and a second position aligned with said second chuck means, drive means operative to move said transfer frame to a dwell position spaced from said chuck means, means operative to rotate said transfer arm to said second po sition while said frame is in the dwell position, said drive means being operative to move said frame toward said chuck means after said'transfer arm has rotated to said second position to reverse said article end for end, a pusher aligned with said second chuck means and operative to push the article from said transfer arm into said second chuck means when said transfer arm is in said second position, said drive means being further operative to move said transfer frame to said dwell position after said second pusher has placed the article in said second chuck means, cutting means positioned adjaccnt each said chuck means to engage the article contained therein when said frame is in the dwell position, work loading means positioned adjacent said guide rails and said first chuck means, said work loading means having an arm and a pair of fingers at one end thereof for engaging the article carried by said gate, said arm and fingers being rotatable to position the article held therein to a position of alignment with said first chuck means when said transfer arm is in said second position, a pusher aligned with said first chuck means and operative to move the article from said feed finger into said first chuck means while said transfer arm is in said second position.
3. Apparatus for trimmin sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated article comprising: first and second chuck means for successively holding the article, guide 'means for feeding the article in a substantially upright position to a location spaced from said first chuck means, a gate movable relative to the lower end of the guide means to position a single article from said guide means in a position adjacent thereto and to close the lower end of said guide means, feed fingers engageable with the article in said gate, said feed fingers being movable to position the article therein in registry with said first chuck means, a first pusher'in registry with said first chuck means and movable to inject the article carried by said fingers into said first chuck, a transfer frame, a transfer member pivotally mounted on said transfer frame for V carrying the article from said first chuck to a position of registry with said second chuck, means adjustably positioning said transfer'frame relative to said first and second chuck means thereby to accommodate different article lengths, a second pusher in registry with said second chuck and movable to inject the article carried by said transfer member into said second chuck, cutting means associated with each said chuck means and engageable with the article held therein, said transfer frame being mounted for movement to a first position adjacent said chuck means and to a dwell position spaced from said chuck means, and cam means operative to move said transfer frame from said first position to said dwell position, to cause said finger to move as aforesaid when said transfer frame is in said first position and to cause movement of said transfer member as aforesaid when said transfer frame is in said dwell position.
4. Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated article comprising: first and second chuck means for successively holding the article, guide means for feeding the article in an upright position to a location spaced from said first chuck means, a gate movable relative to the lower end of the guide means to position one article from said guide means in a position adjacent thereto and to close the lower end of said guide means, feed fingers engageable with the article in said gate, said feed fingers being movable to position the article therein in registry with said first chuck means, a first pusher in registry with said first chuck movable to inject the article into said first chuck, a transfertframe, means mounting said transfer frame for movement relative to said firstvand second chucks in direction generally parallel thereto, said means for mounting said transfer frame including an adjustably positioned stop to determine the maximum amount of travel toward said chucks, a transfer arm pivotally mounted on said transfer frame for movement from a position of registry with said first chuck to a position of registry with said second chuck, drive means operative to advance said transfer frame away from said chuck means to a dwell position after completion of the article transfer, cutting means associated with each chuck V and engageable with the article held therein when said transfer frame is in the dwell position, a cam means operative to cause movement of said feed fingers in synchronized relation with saidtransfer frame and said transfer arm so that said feed fingers are moved as aforesaid when said transfer frame is adjacent said chucks and to move said transfer arm as aforesaid when said transfer frame is in the dwell position. 7 V V 5. Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated article comprising: first and second chuck means for successively holding the article, a feed trough inclined downwardly toward said first chuck means for feeding a plurality of articles in a substantially upfirst chuck means, a first pusher in registry with said first chuck and movable to inject the article from said feed fingers into said first chuck, a transfer frame, means mounting said transfer frame for movement toward and away from said chuck means along a line generally parallel thereto to a first position adjacent said chuck means and a dwell position spaced from the chuck means, an adjustably positioned stop engageable with said transfer frame for determining the maximum travel of said transfer frame toward said first and second chuck, a transfer member pivotally mounted on said transfer frame movable to carry the article from said first chuck to a position of registery with said second chuck and to reverse the article end for end, said movable transfer frame and said stop permitting transfer and reversal of articles of widely varying lengths a second pusher in registry with said second chuck and movable to inject the article from said transfer member into said second chuck, cutting means associated with each said chuck and engageable with the article held therein, and means operative to cause movement of said feed fingers as aforesaid when said transfer frame is in said first position ad to move said transfer arm as aforesaid when said transfer frame is in the dwell position.
6. A work-holding and transferring device for transferring an elongated article from one chucking device to a second chucking device and for reversing the article end for end comprising: a transfer frame, means mounting said transfer frame for movement toward and away from the chucking devices along a line generally parallel thereto to a first position adjacent said chucking devices and a dwell position spaced from said chucking devices, feeding means for transferring an elongated article to a pickup station adjacent the first chucking means, means for transferring an elongated article from the pick-up station to a position of alignment with said first chucking means when the transfer frame is in said first position, a transfer arm, means rotatably mounting said transfer arm on said transfer frame at a position intermediate said chucking devices for movement between a position of alignment with the first chucking device to a position of alignment with the second chucking device, drive means for moving said transfer frame from said first position to said dwell position and for rotating the transfer arm to the position of alignment with said second chucking means while the transfer frame is in the dwell position.
7. The invention of claim 6 wherein the transfer member is adjustable relative to the chucking devices to accommodate different article lengths.
8. The invention of claim 6 wherein said feeding means includes a pair of parallel inclined feed rails and an oscillating gate at the pick up end of the feed rails and wherein the feed fingers pick up one article at a time aligned with a slot in the gate and including means for rotating the feed finger from the pick up station to a position of alignment with the first work-holding means.
9. Apparatus for transferring an elongated article from one chucking device to a second chucking device and for reversing the article end for end comprising: a transfer frame, means for mounting said transfer frame for movement toward and away from the chucking devices along a line generally parallel thereto, a transfer arm having gripping fingers extending at substantially right angles to said transfer arm, said transfer arm being movably mounted on said transfer frame for moving said gripping fingers for movement between a position of alignment with the first chucking device to a position of alignment with the second chucking device and drive means for moving said transfer frame to a dwell position spaced from the chucking devices and for moving the transfer arm to the position where the gripping fingers are in alignment with the second chucking means while the transfer frame is in the dwell position.
10. Apparatus for transferring an elongated article from one chuckin device to a second chucking device, for reversing the article end for end and for removing the article from the second chucking device comprising: a transfer frame, means mounting said transfer frame for movement toward and away from said chucking devices, a pair of transfer arms, means for rotatably mounting one of said transfer arms on said transfer frame for movement between a position of alignment with the first chucking device to a position of alignment with the second chucking device, means for rotatably mounting the other transfer arm on said transfer frame for movement between a position of alignment with said second chucking device and to a discharge position, drive means for moving said transfer frame to a dwell position, for rotating said first transfer arm to the position of alignment with said second chucking means, for rotating said transfer arm to a discharge position while the transfer frame is in the dwell position.
11. Apparatus for transferring an elongated article from one chucking device to a second chucking device and for reversing the article end for end comprising, a transfer frame mounted for movement toward and away from the chucking devices along a line generally parallel thereto, a transfer arm rotatably mounted on said transfer frame for movement between a position of alignment with the first chucking device to a position of alignment with the second chucking device, and drive means for moving said transfer frame to a dwell position spaced from the chucking devices and for moving the transfer arm to the position of alignment with the second chucking means while the transfer frame is in the dwell position.
12. Apparatus for transferring an elongated article from one chucking device to a second chucking device and for reversing the article end for end comprising, a transfer frame, means mounting said transfer frame for movement toward and away from the chucking devices along a line generally parallel thereto, a transfer arm, means rotatably mounting said transfer arm on said transfer frame at a position lying on a line midway between said chucking devices for movement between a position of alignment with the first chucking device to a position of alignment with the second chucking device, drive means for moving said transfer frame to a dwell position spaced from the chucking devices and for rotating the transfer arm to the position of alignment with second chucking means while the transfer frame is in the dwell position, and a stop carried by the mounting means for said transfer frame for limiting movement of said frame towards the chucking means.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 230,638 King Aug. 3, 1880 2,009,751 Stenman July 30, 1935 2,544,218 Burdsall Mar. 6, 1951 2,547,551 Yost Apr. 3, 1951 2,689,361 Schaeffer Sept. 21, 1954 2,779,956 Butler Feb. 5, 1957 2,811,267 Bock Oct. 29, 1957 2,881,452 Klooz Apr. 14, 1959

Claims (1)

1. APPARATUS FOR SEQUENTIALLY TRIMMING THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF AN ELONGATED ARTICLE COMPRISING; FIRST AND SECOND CHUCK MEANS FOR SUCCESSIVELY HOLDING THE ARTICLE, A TRANSFER FRAME, MEANS SUPPORTING SAID TRANSFER FRAME FOR OSCILLATORY MOVEMENT TOWARD AND AWAY FROM SAID FIRST AND SECOND CHUCK MEANS, A TRANSFER MEMBER PIVOTALLY MOUNTED ON SAID FRAME AND HAVING A FIRST POSITION ALIGNED WITH SAID FIRST CHUCK MEANS AND A SECOND POSITION ALIGNED WITH SAID SECOND CHUCK MEANS, DRIVE MEANS OPERATIVE TO MOVE SAID TRANSFER FRAME TO A DWELL POSITION DISPLACED FROM SAID CHUCK MEANS, MEANS OPERATIVE TO PIVOT SAID TRANSFER ARM TO SAID SECOND POSITION WHILE SAID FRAME IS IN THE DWELL POSITION, SAID DRIVE MEANS BEING OPERATIVE TO MOVE SAID FRAME TOWARD SAID CHUCK MEANS AFTER SAID TRANSFER ARM HAS ROTATED TO SAID SECOND POSITION TO REVERSE SAID ARTICLE END FOR END, A PUSHER ALIGNED WITH SAID SECOND CHUCK MEANS AND OPERATIVE TO PUSH THE ARTICLE FROM SAID TRANSFER ARM INTO SAID SECOND CHUCK MEANS WHEN SAID TRANSFER ARM IS IN SAID SECOND POSITION, SAID DRIVE MEANS BEING FURTHER OPERATIVE TO MOVE SAID TRANSFER FRAME TO SAID DWELL POSITION AFTER SAID SECOND PUSHER HAS PLACED THE ARTICLE IN SAID SECOND CHUCK MEANS, CUTTING MEANS POSITIONED ADJACENT EACH SAID CHUCK MEANS TO ENGAGE THE ARTICLE CONTAINED THEREIN WHEN SAID FRAME IS IN THE DWELL POSITION, GUIDE MEANS FOR FEEDING THE ARTICLE TO A LOCATION ADJACENT SAID FIRST CHUCK MEANS, WORK LOADER POSITIONED ADJACENT TO SAID GUIDE MEANS AND SAID CHUCK MEANS FOR POSITIONING ONE ARTICLE FROM SAID GUIDE MEANS IN ALIGNMENT WITH SAID FIRST CHUCK MEANS, MEANS FOR OPERATING SAID WORK LOADER WHEN SAID TRANSFER FRAME IS IN SAID FIRST POSITION, AND A PUSHER ALIGNED WITH SAID FIRST CHUCK MEANS AND OPERATIVE TO PUSH THE ARTICLE FROM SAID WORK LOADER INTO SAID FIRST CHUCK MEANS WHILE SAID TRANSFER FRAME IS IN SAID FIRST POSITION.
US832990A 1959-08-11 1959-08-11 Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece Expired - Lifetime US3150390A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US832990A US3150390A (en) 1959-08-11 1959-08-11 Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US832990A US3150390A (en) 1959-08-11 1959-08-11 Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece
FR835435A FR1264874A (en) 1959-08-11 1960-08-09 Apparatus for successively rectifying opposite ends of an elongated workpiece
CH904660A CH363876A (en) 1959-08-11 1960-08-10 Apparatus for successively grinding opposite ends of an elongated workpiece
BE593948A BE593948A (en) 1959-08-11 1960-08-10 Apparatus for successively rectifying the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece.
GB27897/60A GB945259A (en) 1959-08-11 1960-08-11 A machine tool having a work-holding and transferring device
DEH40187A DE1192491B (en) 1959-08-11 1960-08-11 Workpiece supply and removal device for automatic machine tools, especially automatic lathes
US32957763 US3244295A (en) 1959-08-11 1963-12-10 Workloading apparatus for positioning elongated headed articles

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3150390A true US3150390A (en) 1964-09-29

Family

ID=25263129

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US832990A Expired - Lifetime US3150390A (en) 1959-08-11 1959-08-11 Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US3150390A (en)
BE (1) BE593948A (en)
CH (1) CH363876A (en)
DE (1) DE1192491B (en)
FR (1) FR1264874A (en)
GB (1) GB945259A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH024701U (en) * 1988-06-22 1990-01-12
US5214969A (en) * 1991-02-19 1993-06-01 Philip Morris Incorporated Automatic testing of a plurality of smoking articles
CN104139223A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-11-12 广东富华工程机械制造有限公司 Self-positioning thread rolling burring machine

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1442597A (en) * 1972-07-13 1976-07-14 Wickman Mach Tool Sales Ltd Multi-spindle lathe having an automatic workpiece loading and unloading apparatus
DE2440368C3 (en) * 1974-08-23 1984-07-05 Gildemeister Ag, 4800 Bielefeld, De
DE2735189C2 (en) * 1977-08-04 1989-06-22 Rems-Werk Christian Foell Und Soehne Gmbh & Co, 7050 Waiblingen, De
FR2578181A1 (en) * 1985-01-11 1986-09-05 Electronique Appliquee Mecaniq Installation for the stepwise transfer of workpieces between several successive work stations where these workpieces are checked or machined

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US230638A (en) * 1880-08-03 Victor a
US2009751A (en) * 1932-06-14 1935-07-30 Stenman Per Leonard Screw machine supplying mechanism
US2544218A (en) * 1945-08-03 1951-03-06 Burdsall & Ward Co Transfer mechanism
US2547551A (en) * 1947-12-31 1951-04-03 Remington Arms Co Inc Article feed device
US2689361A (en) * 1950-04-18 1954-09-21 Waterbury Farrel Foundry Co Transfer mechanism
US2779956A (en) * 1950-05-02 1957-02-05 Nat Acme Co Blank reversing means for multiple spindle machine
US2811267A (en) * 1952-02-14 1957-10-29 Magnaflux Corp Feeding mechanism control system
US2881452A (en) * 1952-11-26 1959-04-14 Holo Krome Screw Corp Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US230638A (en) * 1880-08-03 Victor a
US2009751A (en) * 1932-06-14 1935-07-30 Stenman Per Leonard Screw machine supplying mechanism
US2544218A (en) * 1945-08-03 1951-03-06 Burdsall & Ward Co Transfer mechanism
US2547551A (en) * 1947-12-31 1951-04-03 Remington Arms Co Inc Article feed device
US2689361A (en) * 1950-04-18 1954-09-21 Waterbury Farrel Foundry Co Transfer mechanism
US2779956A (en) * 1950-05-02 1957-02-05 Nat Acme Co Blank reversing means for multiple spindle machine
US2811267A (en) * 1952-02-14 1957-10-29 Magnaflux Corp Feeding mechanism control system
US2881452A (en) * 1952-11-26 1959-04-14 Holo Krome Screw Corp Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH024701U (en) * 1988-06-22 1990-01-12
US5214969A (en) * 1991-02-19 1993-06-01 Philip Morris Incorporated Automatic testing of a plurality of smoking articles
CN104139223A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-11-12 广东富华工程机械制造有限公司 Self-positioning thread rolling burring machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
BE593948A1 (en)
BE593948A (en) 1960-12-01
CH363876A (en) 1962-08-15
GB945259A (en) 1963-12-23
FR1264874A (en) 1961-06-23
DE1192491B (en) 1965-05-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
GB628811A (en) Improvements in workpiece transfer mechanism for automatic lathes and other machine tools
US3150390A (en) Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece
US2405141A (en) Conveyer table
US3198349A (en) Loading device for machine working on tubular workpieces
US2779956A (en) Blank reversing means for multiple spindle machine
US2337696A (en) Article working apparatus
US2359939A (en) Trimming machine
US2554699A (en) Gripper transfer device
US3244295A (en) Workloading apparatus for positioning elongated headed articles
US2059710A (en) Automatic metalworking machine
US3247532A (en) Transfer mechanism
US2643570A (en) Multiple station center drive crankshaft lathe
US3001422A (en) Machine tools
US2843159A (en) Spring forming apparatus
US2881452A (en) Apparatus for trimming sequentially the opposite ends of an elongated workpiece
US2518375A (en) Automatic feeder
US3072002A (en) Ribbon feeding and cutting apparatus
US3175673A (en) Article handling and advancing mechanism
US1511565A (en) Automatic lathe
US3289858A (en) Article transfer apparatus
US2063339A (en) Metalworking machine
US1520684A (en) Shaving and slotting machine
US2367505A (en) Article handling apparatus
GB702431A (en) Improvements in or relating to article cutting apparatus
US2890468A (en) Continuously rotating workpiece carrier with plural workholders and a tool carrier which oscillates synchronously with the workpiece carrier during the tool operation