US2367505A - Article handling apparatus - Google Patents

Article handling apparatus Download PDF

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US2367505A
US2367505A US450225A US45022542A US2367505A US 2367505 A US2367505 A US 2367505A US 450225 A US450225 A US 450225A US 45022542 A US45022542 A US 45022542A US 2367505 A US2367505 A US 2367505A
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Prior art keywords
blank
framework
cam
blanks
vises
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US450225A
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John T Kane
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AT&T Corp
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Western Electric Co Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2707/00Automatic supply or removal of metal workpieces
    • B23Q2707/04Automatic supply or removal of metal workpieces by means of grippers also magnetic or pneumatic gripping

Description

Jan. 16, 1945. J. T. KANE ARTICLE HANDLING APPARATUS 5 sheets sheet 1 Filed July 8, 1942 INVHVTOR J. 7: KANE //,4M 2 A 4 Arm/Mfr Jan. 16, 1945. J. T. KANE ARTICLE HANDLING APPARATUS I 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 8, 1942 3 I l H unhl l uhu H H."
3w 8, Sw km 9 W69 NQ Jan. 16, 1945 J, -r KANE 2,367,505
ARTICLE HANDLING APPARATUS I Filed July 8, 1942 5 Sheets-Sheet s Jan. 16, 1945. J. T. KANE 3 9 ARTICLE HANDLING APPARATUS Filed July 8, 1942 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 J/ in A TTOR/Vf) Jan. 16, 1945.
-J. T. KANE.
ARTICLE HANDLING APPARATUS Filed July 8, 1942 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 F/GJZa;
lNVF/VTOR J Z/lA/VE 46 147 6 A 0;
ATTORNEY carrier.
Patented Jan. 16, 1945 2,367,505 ARTICLE HANDLING APPARATUS John T. Kane, River Forest, 111., assignor to Western Electric Company, Incorporated, New York,
N". Y., a corporation of New York Application July 8, 1942, Serial No. 450,225
4 Claims.
This invention relates to article handling apparatus, and more particularly to an apparatus for handling parts during their transference from one to another of a group of machine tools and to circuit devices for controlling the time of operation of the various machine tools and the transfer apparatus.
An object of the invention is the provision of a simple automatic apparatus for handling blanks expeditiously while operations are performed upon them.
In accordance with one embodiment of the invention, a blank, whichis in the form of a cylindrical rod, the end of which is to be drilled, chamfered and tapped, is transferred to various instrumentalities located in a straight line wherein these operations are performed in automatic succession. Upon initiation of the operation of the machine, no further manual intervention is required, except to keep a magazine, provided in the apparatus, supplied with blanks. The magazine comprises a sloping plate, down which the blanks will progress by gravity to a feeding plunger operable to remove one blank at a time from the magazine, means bein provided for holding the remaining blanks in the magazine away from the blank to be ejected therefrom. The ejected blank drops down into the path of a pair of spring clips, which are suitably supported on a, carrier and are moved toward the blank to it. The carrier is mounted for reciprocation in a horizontal plane in two directions at 90 one to another and in reciprocating, the carrier will be moved toward the front of the apparatus and then back to its original position and then will be reciprocated transversely of the apparatus to carry parts across the face of the apparatus and then forward. The machining apparatus is comprised of motor driven machine tools, each tool having a vise in cooperation therewith and the carrier in transferring a blank from the feeding mechanism to the first machining stations vise. will have both transverse and rearward motions imparted to it. The carrier is provided with a series of pairs of spring clips eifective to pick a blank from either the magazine station or any one of the machining stations and transfer it to the next adjoining machining station or the eiecting station which strips the blank from the A series of fluid operated and electrically controlled fluid pressure devices are provided for controlling the operation of the various tools and vises in timed relation to the operation of the carrier.
engage with A better understanding of the invention may be had by reference to the following detailed description when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of the apparatus embodying the invention, parts being broken away which are not essential to an understanding of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary detail View in section of a portion of the magazine showing the means for holding blanks away from a. blank being ejected from the magazine;
Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken substantially along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 4' is a vertical sectional view taken substantially along the line 4--4 rection of the arrows;
Fig. 5 is a plan view of a portion of the transfer mechanism shown in Fig 3 ma large scale, parts being broken away to conserve space;
Figs. 6 and 7 are vertical sectional views, respectively, taken substantially along the lines 6--6 and 7-4 of Fig. 5 in the direction of the arrows;
Figs. 8 and 9 are enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional views taken along the lines 8-8 and 9-9 of Fig. 4 in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 10 is a wiring diagram of the control circuits for the apparatus;
Fig. 11 is a vertical sectional view taken along the line llll of Fig. 4 in the direction of the arrows, showing a portion of the apparatus for removing a'completed part from the transfer mechanism; and
Fig. 12 is a fragmentary detail sectional View taken substantially along the line i2-l2 of Fig. 1 in the direction of the arrows showing the por-- tion of the apparatus wher the blanks are removed from the magazine and picked up by the transfer mechanism.
Referring to the drawings, wherein like referenoe characters designate the same parts throughout the several views, particular reference being had to Figs. 1, 3 and 4, the apparatus includes a magazine section designated generally by the numeral l5, a carrierassembly I6, blank holdingvises ll, l8, l9 and 20 and their associatedtool assemblies2l, 22, 23 and 24, respectively, and a carrier unloading mechanism 25. All of these mechanisms are mounted on a common base or pedestal 26, which supports the various vises and their respective actuating members in a line across the face of the apparatus and which of Fig. 1 in the dihas extending upwardly from it a support framework 21 (Fig. 1) which supports the tools 2| to 24, inclusive, in vertical alignment with the gripping jaws of the blank holding vises.
The articles to be operated upon in the embodiment of the invention chosen for illustration are relay core pieces 35, hereinafter called blanks. These corepieces r blanks are loaded into the machine by placing a plurality of them in the magazine section of the machine and then upon starting the machine, the core pieces will be in automatic succession, chamfered while held in the vise |1, successively drilled axially while held in the vises l8 and I9, and then tapped while held in the vise 20. After these operations have been performed on the part, it is transferred tothe ejecting station where the part is stripped from the carrier and dropped into a suitable container provided therefor. The magazine I comprises a tilted tray 36 having side walls 31 and 38, a bottom 39. and an end wall 40. The tray 36 is supported on a triangularly shaped bracket 4| extending upwardly from a main base member 42, which is mounted upon the pedestal 26. The
bracket 4| is formed of a single piece of metal bent to support the tray 36 and to provide a foot port on 43, which rests upon the main base member 42.
that the tool assembly 2 In addition to supporting the tray 36 in which the blanks 35 may be placed, the bracket 4| has an angle member 44 (Figs. 1 and 12) fixed to it intermediate its ends for supporting an air cylinder 45. This cylinder may be supplied with air under pressure through an entrance port 46 and has a piston (not shown) reciprocable within it for imparting reciprocation to a piston rod'41. The piston rod 41 has pivotally attached to it an actuator lever 48, to which oscillation may be imparted by the piston rod 41 to rock the lever about a pivot pin 49, which is, in turn, mounted in'the free end of a pivot support 50 fixed to the cylinder 45. At its upper end, the lever 48 has pivoted on it a push rod 5| and between the push rod 5| and the pivot pin 49 there is pivoted on the lever 48 a link 52, which serves to actuate a spacing knife 53, which i pivoted for oscillation on a pin 54. The pin 54 is fixed in a bracket 55 secured to the underside of the bottom 39 of the tray 36. The bottom of the tray 36 is slotted at 56 (Fig. 2), through which slot the spacing knife 53 may be passed to engage the next to the lowest blank 35 on the tray 36 to pushit and the blanks above it out of engagement with the lowest blank on the tray. At its rear end, that is, the end toward the carrier assembly Hi, the bottom plate 39 of the tray 36 is cut away. as shown most clearly in Fig. 12, and while the plate 39 provides a support for the blank 35, which happens to be positioned on it, the blank may be pushed to the right (Fig. 12) by the push rod 5| and when pushed a short distance to the right will fall onto a curved plate 51 forming a part of a guide tube 58. The side wall 38 of the tray 36 is cut away, as shown at 59, to permit a blank 35 to be pushed out of the tray and into the guide tube 58. which will direct it downwardly to a vertical position where it may be picked up by a carrier.
After passing out of the guide tube 58, the blank 35 will drop down into a holder 60 (Figs. 1 and 12) comprised of an upright post 6| having spring clips, 82, 63 and 64 attached to it, into which the blank 35 will drop from the guide tube 58. These clips 62, 63 and 64 are made of spring material, which is of a very light gage, so that the parts may be easily withdrawn from the holder 68 at a later portion of the operation of the apparatus. When a blank drops down through the guide tube 58 and into the holder 60, its bottom will engage on a supporting table 65, which will support the blank during its travel through the machine. The method of supporting the blank 65 will be described more in detail in connection with ,the description of the carrier.
The vises H to 20, inclusive, and the tool assemblies 2| to 24, inclusive, may be of any suitable type, operable under electrically controlled, pneumatically actuated devices and since the details of construction of these mechanisms donot constitute an essential part of the present invention, no detailed description of these particular mechanisms will be included herein, it being understood is provided with a rotating head 15, which is designed to form a chamfer and center drill on the end of the blank 35 when the head 15 is moved downwardly to engage the blank positioned beneath it. The tool assemblies 22 and 23 are equipped with drill heads 16 and 11, which perform successive drilling operations axially of the blank and the tool assembly 24 is provided with a reversible tapping head 18 for cutting threads in the side walls of the hole drilled by the drill heads 16 and 11. Similarly, the vises may be of any suitable construction wherein jaws 19 and 80 are adapted for actuation by fiuid under pressure.
Extending upwardly from the main base member 42 are a series of four standards or pedestals 80, 8|, 82 and 83 which support the table 65, comprising a hardened steel supporting plate, in position beneath the tool assemblies 2| to 24, respectively. The pedestal 82 acts simply a a support for the table 65, whereas the pedestals 86, 8| and 83 also extend toward the rear of the apparatus to support portions of the carrier assembly IS. The pedestal 80 has fixed in it a pair of rods 85 and 86 which extend over and partially through the pedestal 8| (Figs. 5, 7 and 8). However, the rods 85 and 86 do not engage directly with the pedestal 8|, the rods riding in a, pair of sleeves 81 and 88, the right ends of which encircle the rods 85 and 86, and these sleeves 81 and 88 are slidable in suitable apertures provided in the pedestals 8| and 83. Mounted upon the ends of the sleeves 81 and 88 are a pair of guide assemblie 89 and 99 (Figs. 3, 5, 6 and 7) for guiding a pair of slides 9| and 92. As may be seen most clearly in Figs. 1, 5, 6 and 7, the guide assembly 89 comprises, as viewed in Fig. l, a U-shaped block 93, the upwardly extending end portions of which are slotted to receive the slide 9|, retainer plates 94 being provided for holding the slide 9| in the slot formed in the upwardly extending portions of the U- shaped member 93. The base of the member 93 has suitable apertures formed in it, into which the sleeves 81 and 88 extend, and the sleeves are fixed to the U-shaped member 93 so that the slide 9|, which is freely slidable with respect to theU- shaped member 93, is bodily movable transversely of its length upon movement of the member 93 with the sleeves 81 and 88. Adjacent the center of theU-shaped member 93 is a cam roller sup porting pin 96 fixed in it, on which is carried a freely rotatable cam roller 91. The cam roller 91 rides in a cam groove 98 formed in a drum type cam 99 and upon rotation of the cam 99, the cam roller will serve to drive the sleeves 81 and 88 lengthwise of the apparatus. In addition to the sleeves 86 and 81, the U-shaped member 93 is apertured to receive a hollow shaft I00, which is freely rotatable in its aperture NH. The hollow shaft I09 has fixed to it, by means of pins I02, a
and I33 and the guide plates I52 slide actuating member I 03, which is bifurcated to provide a pair of legs I04 and I05 (Fig. 6) extending down on opposite sides of the U-shaped member 93. The slide actuating member I03 is provided with a slide actuating extension I06, which extends up into a slot I01 formed in the slide 9I.
The hollow shaft I has keys H and H6 set into it for cooperation with key slots I I1 and I I8, respectively, formed in a sleeve .I I9. The sleeve II 9 is suitably fixed against longitudinal movement with respect to the standard 8| but is freely rotatable therein and has fixed to it a lever I2I (Fig. 8), which is slotted as shown at I22 to receive a link I 23. The link I23 is pivotally connected to the lever I 2I by a pin I24 and is also pivotally connected to a lever I25 by means of a pin I26. The pin I26 supports a cam roller I21, which rides in a cam groove I 28 formed in the left face (Fig. 6) of the drum type'cam 99. Lever I25 is pivoted on a pin I29 (Fig. 8) fixed in a bracket I30 extending downwardly from the underside of the pedestal 8! so that the lever I25 will hold the cam roller I 21 in the cam groove I28 and when the cam 99 is rotated, the link I23 will impart oscillation to the lever l2I, thereby to advance and retract the slide 9I and group of similar slides 92, I3I, I32 and I33 through instrumentalities to be described hereinafter. Since the hollow shaft I 00 is slidable with re spect to the pedestals 8I and 83 and is connected to the oscillatable sleeve II9, the drum type cam 99 will impart reciprocation to the hollow shaft I00 and will also impart oscillatory movement to it.
At its left end (Figs. 5 and 6), the hollow shaft I 00 has clamped on it a slide actuator I31, which has an extension I38 extending up into a slot I39 formed in the slide 92 for reciprocating the slide 92 longitudinally. The slide 92 is supported in upwardly extending arms I40 and MI of a guide block I42 fixed on the left ends of the sleeves 87 and 98. The guide block I42 is provided with an aperture I43 (Fig. 6) in which the hollow shaft I00 is freely rotatable and the block I42 will be moved by the sleeves 81 and 88 to which it is fixed when these sleeves move longitudinally, Whereas the slide 92 will be reciprocated with respect to the guide block 42 upon oscillation of the hollow shaft I00.
Adjacent the center of the shaft I00 and the sleeves 81 and 88, there is provided an auxiliary framework which supports the slides I3I, I32 and I33, a pair of transversely extending angle members I46 and I41 being fixed to the sleeves '81 and 88 by means of collars I48 so that the angle members I 46 and I41 will travel with the sleeves 81 and 88. The angle members I 46 and I41 are provided with suitable'apertures which rotatably receive the hollow shaft I00. Fixed to the horizontal flanges of the angle members I46 and I 41 are a pair of longitudinally extending angle members I49 and I50. The angle member I49 has extending upwardly from its horizontal flange three guide plates I5I, I 52 and I53, which correspond with three guide plates I54, I55 and I59 extending upwardly from the horizontal flange of the angle member I50. These guide plates I5I to I56, inclusive, have notches formed in them for slidably supporting slides I 3| I 32 and I55 have fixed to the tops of them a retainer plate I51 which holds the slide I 32 in the guide plates. The guide plates I5I and I54 have an angle member I58 attached to them which also serves to hold thus the slides 9|, 92, I3I, I32 and the slide I33 in position and similarly the guide plates I53 and I56 have an angle member I59 fixed to them for retaining the slide I3I in the plates. Each of the slides I3I, I32 and I33 is provided with a slot similar to the slot I39 provided in the slide 92, into which extend slide actuating levers I60, I6I and I92, respectively. These slide actuating members, as seen mostclearly in Figs. 6 and 9, are fixed in a channel member I 53, which is, in turn, mounted on a pair of levers I64 and I55, suitably fixed to the hollow shaft I00 and I33 will all be actuated at the same time and will be moved equal distances to advance and retract the slides for carrying blanks 35 between the various clamping devices of the machine tools. the slides 9|, 92, I3I, I32 and I33 are of the same construction and each of them carries at its end a vertically extending bar I66, which is provided with spring clips I61 and I58 adjacent its upper and lower ends, as seen most clearly in Fig. 9. These spring clips are adapted to engage a blank 35 and transfer it from the magazine to the various vises I1, I8, I9 and 20 and to the carrier unloading mechanism 25.
Power for driving the various parts described hereinbefore is supplied from a motor I69 (Fig. 10) which drives a chain I1I (Figs. 1, 3 and 4). The chain I1I encircles and drives a sprocket I12 attached to drive shaft I13. The drive shaft I13 is journalled in the pedestals and 8| and carries the cam drum 99 which, in addition to imparting oscillation to the shaft I00 to reciprocate the slides 9I. 92 and I3I, I32 and I33 and to impart reciprocation to the shaft I00 also is provided with a cam. I14, which controls an electrical switch I15. There is also provided in the apparatus a switch I16 which is mounted on the pedestal 80 to be opened momentarily by the guide assembly 89 at the right end (Figs. 3, 4 and 5) of its travel along the rods and 86. At the left end of the table 65, there is mounted a post I80, which supports the carrier unloading mechanism 25 on the edge of the table 65. The post I80 is provided, at its upper end, with a latch I8I pivoted on it and urged downwardly by a coil spring I82. The post I 80 is cut out, as indicated at I 83, to prevent the latch I8I from tilting beyond the position shown in Fig. 11. Adjacent the lower end of the post I80, the table 65 is cut away, as indicated at I84, and has slidable in it a latch plunger I85 fixed on the end 01' a leaf spring I86, which is, in turn, fastened to the table 65. Thus, when a blank 35, which has been completed in the apparatus, is moved to the last position, it will be carried to the left (Fig. 11) to cam the latching plunger I85 and latch I8I downwardly and upwardly, respectively, until the blank 35 moves to the position shown in Fig. 11. When the slide 92 is retracted to the right (Fig. 11), the latch NH and latching plunger I85 will strip the blank out of the clips I61 and I68 and the blank will be discharged from the apparatus into a suitable container (not shown). 3
Each of the tool. assemblies 2I, 22. 23 and 24 has associated with it a switching mechanism, adapted to be actuated when the tool assembly reache its upper and lowermost positions. In Fig. 1. illustrating the apparatus structurally; there is shown a switching device I90, adapted to be actuated by a cam projection I9I on the tool assembly. It will be understood that each of the tool assemblies is provided with a similar switching device, and, as shown in Fig. 10, the tool as- Each of semblies 22, 23 and 24 have switching devices I92, I93 and I94 associated with them. The switchin device I90 comprises two break-make contacts I95 and I96 and a break contact I91. Switching device I92 includes make-break contacts I98 and I99 and break contact 200. Switching device I93 includes make-break contacts 20| and 202 and break contact 203. Switching device I94 includes break-make contacts 204, 205 and 206.
It will be understood that these switches are all shown in Fig. 10 in the position they occupy when the tool assemblies are in their upper position and that the switches positions will be reversed only when the tools with which they are associated are moved downwardly. In addition to the switching mechanisms described hereinbefore, each of the vises I1, I6, I9 and 20 are provided with switches 201, 208, 209 and 2|0, respectively, which are normally closed and which are opened when the vises are operated to grip parts in them.
As pointed out hereinbefore, the tool assemblies 2| to 24 and the blank holding vises I1 to 20 are adapted to be actuated under pneumatic pressure and under electrical control. Accordingly, in Fig. 10, the tool assemblies 2! to are ShOWn as having two solenoids associated with each of them which control suitable valves for supplying fluid to drive the tool assemblies downwardly and upwardly. The solenoids for the tool assemblies 2| to 24 which upon actuation cause fluid to be supplied to drive the tools downwardly are designated 2| I, 2I2, 2 I3 and 2|4, respectively, whereas the solenoids which upon actuation cause fluid to be supplied to drive the tools upwardly are designated 2|5, 2|6, 2I1 and 2I8, respectively. In addition to these controlling devices, the vises are all connected to a single pneumatic line, the valve to which may be controlled by a vise exhaust solenoid 2I9 and a vise input solenoid 220. Further details of the circuit will be described in connection with the description of the operation of the apparatus.
If it be assumed that a supply or blanks 35 have been placed in the tray 36, that the carrier assembly I6 is in its left hand position (Figs. 3, l, 5, 6 and '1) and that the slides 9|, 92, I3I, I32 and I33 are in their left hand positions, as viewed in Figs. 1, 8 and 9, a switch 225 may be closed to supply power to the driving motor I69 over a circuit from grounded battery at 226, through switch 225, motor I69, normally closed switch I16, break contact and armature 221 of a relay 228 to ground at 229. While the apparatus may be started in a number of positions, this position has been chosen because at this time all of the circuit connections are normal and the motor will start immediately. Shortly after the motor I69 starts from the above described position, the switch I15 will be closed by cam I14 to initiate downward movement of the tool assemblies 2| to 24. When switch I15 closes its contacts momentarily, a circuit will be completed from grounded battery at 230, through solenoids 2| I, 2|2, 2I3 and M4, their contacts I96, I99, 202 and 205, respectively, in the positions shown in Fig. 10, through switch. I15 and switch 204 to ground at 23I. This circuit will energize the solenoids 2|I, 2I2, 2I3 and 2 :1 and the tool assemblies 2| to 24, inclusive, will start to move down. As soon as the tool assemblies 2| to 24 start to move downwardly, contacts I96, I99, 202 and 205 will shift into engagement with their make contacts to hold the solenoids 2| I, 2I2, 2|3 and 2I4 energized over a circuit from grounded battery 230, through the solenoids, make contacts I96, I99, 202 and 205 and break contacts I95, I99, 20| and 204 to ground at 23I. Contacts I95, I98, MI and 204 will remain closed, as shown, until the tool assemblies 2| to 24 reach their lowermost position, when they will shift to the opposite position from that shown and complete a circuit from grounded battery at 230 through solenoids 2I5, 2I6, 2I1 and 2I8, contacts I95, I98, 20I and 204, which shift from the position shown into engagement with their make contacts at the bottom of the movement of the assemblies 2| to 24, to ground at 23 I Contacts I91, 200, 203 and 206 shift from the position shown as soon as the tool assemblies 2| to 24, inclusive, leave their uppermost position. Thereafter, contact 206 will complete a circuit from ground at 232 through its make contact and solenoid 220 to ground at battery at 233. This will energize the solenoid 220 and cause all of the vises to be closed since the solenoid 220 controls a valve (not shown) for supplying fluid under pressure to close the vises I1, I6, I9 and 20. In this manner, any blank which is in alignment with a vise will be gripped by the vise and held during the downward and upward strokes of the tool assemblies associated therewith. When the tool assemblies reach their uppermost position, the contacts I91, 200, 203 and 206 will be restored to the position shown and then ground will be connected serially through these contacts from ground at 232 to the solenoid 2I9 and the relay 228. Thus, relay 228 will be energized and ground at 229 will be connected to contact 221 and switches 201, 208, 209 and 2|0 at the various vise jaws I1, I8, I9 and 20 through the motor I69 to grounded battery at 226 again energizing the motor I69 to initiate a second operation of the apparatus. In spite of the fact that the circuit to the motor I69 is broken at this time at switch I 16, the motor I69 will drive its associated apparatus through a complete cycle of operation until all of the tool assemblies have completed their work on the blanks and the switch I16 will be opened when the carrier assembly I6 reaches its right hand position to await the completion of operations on the blanks and the closure of the circuit through the contact 221 of relay 228 and the switches 201, 208, 209 and 2|0 at the vise to initiate a second operation of the apparatus.
Each time the motor I69 is started in operation, it will through the cams 99 cooperating with cam roller 91, move the carrier assembly I6 to the left and back to the right, that is, from the position shown in Figs. 3 and 4 to the position shown in Figs. 5, 6 and 7 and at each end of the travel of the carrier assembly I6 to the left and right, the slides 9|, I3I, I32, I33 and 92 will be advanced and retracted toward the vises and/or the magazine section I5 and carrier unloading mechanism 25. The air cylinder 45 is connected in series with the fluid supply to the vises I1, I9, I9 and 20 and each time the vises close, fluid under pressure will be admitted to the cylinder 45 to actuate the push rod 5|, thereby to eject a part from the end of the magazine to the curved plate 51 from whence it will drop down into the holder 60. At the time that the push rod 5| operates, the spacing knife 53 will also be operated to push the blanks 35 which normally bear against the first blank in the magazine away from the first blank in the magazine to permit it to drop into the holder 60. The spring clips I61 and I68 on each of the slides 9|, 92, I3I, I32 and I33 will engage a blank associated with them prior to the release of the blank by its associated vises and willwithdraw the blanks from the vises that they are engaged by or from the holder 60 and move them to the rear of the apparatus, thence to the left and over into engagement with the next adjacent vise-or the carrier unloading mechanism 25. Thus, blanks upon which all operations have been completed will be pushed into the carrier unloading mechanism, causing the latch I BI and latch plunger I85 to be moved apart and then will permit them to snap to the position shown in Fig. 11. Then when the slide 92 is retracted toward the rear of the machine, the blank in the carrier unloading mechanism will be disengaged from the spring clips I61 and I68 and permitted to drop out of the apparatus. Similarly, at each of the vises I7; I8, I9 and 20, the vises will clamp blanks prior to the retraction of the slides 9|, I3I, I32 and I33 and will hold the blanks in position to be operated upon by their respective tool assemblies.
In the operation of the apparatus, it will be a I69 is understood that normally the motor stopped with the carrier assembly I6 at its right hand position and with the slides 9|, I3I, I32 and I33 and 92 advanced toward the front of the machine and engaging the blanks in the holder 69 and vises I'I, I8, I9 and 20 while the tool assemblies 2I, 22, 23 and 24 perform their operations on the blanks. As soon as all operations have been completed on the blanks and the tool assemblies have all returned to their normal position, which is their uppermost position, the operation of the motor I69 will be reinitiated by the closure of the circuit through contacts 206, 203, 200 and I9! in series, causing the energization of relay 228 and the opening of the vises I1, I8, I9 and 20.
What is claimed is:
1. In an article handling apparatus for transferring blanks to tools in automatic succession, a longitudinally slidable framework, means for slidably supporting said framework intermediate its ends, means for reciprocating said framework, an auxiliary framework mounted in fixed relation on said longitudinally slidable framework with portions thereof in position to pass the supporting means for the slidable framework upon reciprocation of the slidable framework, blank supporting members slidable transversely on said auxiliary framework and on said longitudinally slidable framework, an actuator associated with each blank supporting member, and a rock shaft connected to all the actuators and operable to move the slidable blank supporting members transversely of the slideable framework and auxiliary framework.
2. In an article handling apparatus for transferring blanks to tools in automatic succession, a longitudinally slidable framework, means for slidably supporting said framework intermediate its ends, means for reciprocating said framework, an auxiliary framework mounted in fixed relation on said longitudinally slidable framework with portions thereof in position to pass the supporting means for the slidable framework upon reciprocation of the slidable framework, blank supporting members slidable transversely on said auxiliary framework and on said longitudinally slidable framework, an actuator associated with each blank supporting member, a rock shaft connected to all the actuators and operable to move the slidable blank supporting members transversely of the slidable framework and auxiliary framework, and means operable in timed relation to the means for reciprocating the slidable framework for imparting movement to the rock shaft.
3. In an article handling apparatus for trans,- ferring blanks from one tool to another, a cam element operable intimed relation to the operation of the tools, a pair of camming slots formed in said cam element, a longitudinally slidable framework, a cam roller 0n said framework for cooperating with oneof said slots to impart reciprocation to said framework, a plurality of blank carrying slides slidable transversely of said framework, a cam lever having a cam roller on it for cooperation with the other camming slot on the cam element, a splined shaft slidably keyed to the cam lever to be rocked thereby, and slide actuators fixed to said shaft and engaging said slides to actuate them.
4. In an article handling apparatus for transferring blanks from one tool to another, a cam element operable in timed relation to the operation of the tools, a pair of cammin slots formed in said cam element, a longitudinally slidable framework, a cam roller on said framework for cooperating with one of said slots to impart reciprocation to said framework, a plurality of blank carrying slides slidable transversely of said framework, a cam lever having a cam roller on it for cooperation with the other camming slot on the cam element, a splined shaft slidably keyed to said cam lever to be rocked thereby and rotatably supported by said framework for reciprocation therewith, and slide actuators fixed to said splined shaft and engaging the slides on the framework to actuate them.
JOHN T. KANE.
US450225A 1942-07-08 1942-07-08 Article handling apparatus Expired - Lifetime US2367505A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2506425A (en) * 1945-09-14 1950-05-02 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Combined chain belt and elevator conveyer
US2998125A (en) * 1957-05-22 1961-08-29 Gen Motors Corp Tube sizing machine
GB2391825A (en) * 2002-07-10 2004-02-18 Neil Goold Concrete mixer lid

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2506425A (en) * 1945-09-14 1950-05-02 Allis Chalmers Mfg Co Combined chain belt and elevator conveyer
US2998125A (en) * 1957-05-22 1961-08-29 Gen Motors Corp Tube sizing machine
GB2391825A (en) * 2002-07-10 2004-02-18 Neil Goold Concrete mixer lid

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