US3121316A - Non-combustible wick - Google Patents

Non-combustible wick Download PDF

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Publication number
US3121316A
US3121316A US165561A US16556162A US3121316A US 3121316 A US3121316 A US 3121316A US 165561 A US165561 A US 165561A US 16556162 A US16556162 A US 16556162A US 3121316 A US3121316 A US 3121316A
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United States
Prior art keywords
wick
wax
non
spiral
block
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Expired - Lifetime
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US165561A
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Robert A Wilson
Donald G Engesser
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ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co
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ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co
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Priority to US165561A priority Critical patent/US3121316A/en
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Publication of US3121316A publication Critical patent/US3121316A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D3/00Burners using capillary action
    • F23D3/02Wick burners
    • F23D3/16Wick burners using candles

Description

1964 R. A. WILSON ETAL 3,121,316

NON-COMBUSTIBLE WICK Filed Jan. 11, 1962 Inventors Robert A wllson Donald G. Engesser B, W W

Patent Attorney United States Patent 3,121,316 NGN-GGMBUSTIBLE WlCK Robert A. Wilson, Cranford, and Donald G. Engesser,

Ghatharn, N..I., assignors to Esso Research and Engineering Company, a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. 11, 1962, Ser. No. 165,561 2 (Zlairns. (ill. 67-21) This invention relates to a non-combustible wick which can be used repeatedly with combustible material. I-articularly, the invention relates to a wick unit which can be placed on top of a body of wax, or like solid combustible material, to form a simulated candie thereby eliminating the need for a pre-inserted wick.

Conventional candle manufacture includes appropriate means of inserting a combustible wick into the wax candle. This may consist of mechanical insertion of the wick into the wax body, or controlled molding of the wax around the wick, both of which necessarily add to the complexity and expense of candle manufacture.

One object of the present invention is to eliminate the need for the pre-inserted wick in wax candles to thereby simplify candle manufacture. A further object is to provide a simple means of transforming a body of wax into a convenient source of light and heat. Still other objects will become apparent from the following detailed description which includes a preferred embodiment of the invention.

The invention will be better understood by reference to the accompanying drawing wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a front view of the device of the invention in burning position atop a wax block,

FIGURE 2 is a top view of the device, and

FIGURE 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the lines 3-3 of FIGURE 1.

In FIGURE 1, a container holds the solid wax block 11, said container being provided to hold the wax as it melts.

A wick 12 is formed of a non-combustible, preferably porous material, e.g. asbestos paper which has been wrapped around itself so as to form a roll which can support its own weight without bending or falling.

A wick holder 13 includes a wire coil having a helical portion 14, encircling and fitting snugly around the lower part of the wick 12, thereby forming a receptacle for holding the wick. The helical portion 14 flattens out laterally at the bottom of the wick 12, into concentrically increasing spirals, thereby forming a spiral base 15, to support the wick. The outer diameter of said spiral base is preferably equal to the smallest diameter of the container 10. A horizontal radial section 16 extends inwardly from the outermost end of said spiral base 15, as shown in FIGURE 2, and joins with a vertical portion 17, originating from the center of the coil base 15. This vertical portion 17 extends upwardly through the helical portion 14, and the wick 12, so as to be contained within said wick.

A flame control sleeve 18, closely fitting around the wick 12, is held in place by a suitable clamping means, e.g. a set screw 19, having the handle 20.

The wick 12 is preferably impregnated with a combustible material prior to its first use. Impregnation can be accomplished simply by dipping the wick into a suitable material, such as molten petroleum wax or any other petroleum product.

In the actual operation of this invention, the impregnated wick 12 is ignited. The flame 21 moves down the wick as it consumes the fuel held in the porous structure of the wick, The heat from the flame 21 is conducted ice down the vertical wire portion 17, contained within the wick, through the horizontal radial section 16, to the flattened spiral base 15, and finally to the body of wax 11, thereby causing the wax to melt, which in turn forms a pool of molten wax 22 equal to or greater than the size of the flattened spiral base. The liquid wax is then continuously drawn up through the porous structure and the vertical passages of the rolled wick 12, by capillary action, until it reaches the flame 21 and is consumed.

The flame 21 originates from the exposed portion of the wick at the top of the flame control sleeve. This sleeve may be positioned so as to regulate the size of the flame. For example, a small flame may be obtained by raising the control sleeve close to the top of the wick thereby leaving a small area exposed to the oxygen of the air.

As the pool of wax 22 on the surface is depleted, new material will melt according to the heat transfer between the wire, the molten wax, and the solid wax. The wire wick holder will gradually sink as the solid wax melts, until all the wax has been consumed by the flame. When the flame is extinguished the wick will be thoroughly permeated with the molten wax and can be subsequently used repeatedly without the impregnation originally required.

An advantage of this invention is that the wick unit, being non-combustible, can be used repeatedly without being destroyed. Another advantage is that the wick unit can be placed on any flat surface body of wax to provide a source of illumination and heat, without regard to size or shape of the body of wax. The invention can be used, for example, in wax filled smudge pots thereby eliminating the handling problems connected with the use of liquid fuels in such applications. The smudge pots may be conveniently filled with solid wax, and the wick unit simply placed on the top of the wax and ignited.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination with a wax block, a candle wick unit supported by said block, said wick unit comprising a rolled wick of non-combustible fiber and a metallic holder for said wick, said holder consisting essentially of a unitary wire member wound into a spiral to form a substantially horizontal base which rests atop said wax block and continuing from the central portion of said spiral as a helix rising from said base and embracing said wick, and a flame control sleeve detachably attached to said wick and capable of being positioned at any point along said wick.

2. In combination with a wax block, a candle wick unit supported by said block, said wick unit comprising a rolled wick of non-combustible fiber and a metallic holder for said wick, said holder consisting essentially of a unitary wire member wound into a spiral to form a substantially horizontal base which rests atop said wax block and continuing from the central portion of said spiral as a helix rising from said base and embracing said wick.

References Gited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 550,961 Galtier Dec. 10, 1895 556,259 Dodson Mar. 10, 1896 2,758,460 Ciano Aug. 14, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 332,901 Germany Feb. 11, 1921 909,032 France Nov. 19, 1945 2,396 Great Britain of 1884 2,111 Great Britain of 1896 356,212 Italy Jan. 26, 1938

Claims (1)

  1. 2. IN COMBINATION WITH A WAX BLOCK, A CANDLE WICK UNIT SUPPORTED BY SAID BLOCK, SAID WICK UNIT COMPRISING A ROLLED WICK OF NON-COMBUSTIBLE FIBER AND A METALLIC HOLDER FOR SAID WICK, SAID HOLDER CONSISTING ESSENTIALLY OF A UNITARY WIRE MEMBER WOUND INTO A SPIRAL TO FORM A SUBSTANTIALLY HORIZONTAL BASE WHICH RESTS ATOP SAID WAX BLOCK AND CONTINUING FROM THE CENTRAL PORTION OF SAID SPIRAL AS A XXXIX RISING FROM SAID BASE AND EMBRACING SAID WICK.
US165561A 1962-01-11 1962-01-11 Non-combustible wick Expired - Lifetime US3121316A (en)

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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3873263A (en) * 1972-10-09 1975-03-25 Paul Marcel Edmond Decroix Device for adjusting the burning time and luminosity of the flame of a wick-type lighting device such as a candle
US3910753A (en) * 1974-04-15 1975-10-07 George Y Lee Wax burner
US4755135A (en) * 1985-11-19 1988-07-05 Kwok Wai Shi Candle device
FR2780137A1 (en) * 1998-06-23 1999-12-24 Siam Societe Ind D Accessoires High illumination safe torch which may be used outside in gardens and similar locations
US6695611B2 (en) * 2001-09-19 2004-02-24 Wooil W. Lee Safety candle
US20040229180A1 (en) * 1999-12-21 2004-11-18 Furner Paul E. Melting plate candles
US20050037306A1 (en) * 2003-08-16 2005-02-17 Tetsuo Nakatsu Candle system for enhancing burning and improving volatiles performance and a manufacturing method for the same
US20050271994A1 (en) * 2004-02-17 2005-12-08 Furner Paul E Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
WO2006012562A2 (en) * 2004-07-21 2006-02-02 Cascade Designs, Inc. Capillary stove and priming system with control
US20060057523A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Kubicek Chris A Wick holder locking mechanism
US20060057528A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Kubicek Chris A Candle holder with improved air flow
US20060057527A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Adair Joel E Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US20060057525A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Adair Joel E Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US20060057529A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Kubicek Chris A Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US20060057526A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Kubicek Chris A Wick holder magnetic retention means
US20060093979A1 (en) * 2004-11-01 2006-05-04 Varanasi Padma P Container candle
US20060093980A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-05-04 Kubicek Chris A Candleholder with a melting plate alignment feature
US20070015096A1 (en) * 2005-07-15 2007-01-18 Soller Douglas A Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US20070026352A1 (en) * 2000-12-22 2007-02-01 Kubicek Chris A Candle and wick holder therefore
US20080190376A1 (en) * 2007-02-14 2008-08-14 Matsumoto Evan I Self cleaning pet fur stripping comb
US7413435B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-08-19 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US20080234919A1 (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-09-25 Curtis Paul Ritter Performing application review validation testing for an engine as installed in an application
US7442036B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-10-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467945B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US7497685B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2009-03-03 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick-holder assembly
US7591646B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2009-09-22 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7731492B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2010-06-08 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
USD625851S1 (en) * 2009-03-03 2010-10-19 S.C. Johnson, Inc. Candle holder
US20100291499A1 (en) * 2009-04-16 2010-11-18 Jacqueline Elaine Carroll Removable wick
US8573967B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2013-11-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
WO2015089216A1 (en) * 2012-12-12 2015-06-18 Jewett Scott E Candle assembly with retracting non-combustible wick

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US550961A (en) * 1895-12-10 Emile galtier
US556259A (en) * 1896-03-10 Signal-lantern
GB189602111A (en) * 1896-01-29 1896-12-19 William Bowers Fitch Improvements in Candles.
DE332901C (en) * 1920-02-04 1921-02-11 Emil Maares Candle without drawn-wick
FR909032A (en) * 1944-09-14 1946-04-25 stabilized wick luminaire using waxes and solid fats
US2758460A (en) * 1953-03-27 1956-08-14 Anthony J Ciano Wick holder for candles

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US550961A (en) * 1895-12-10 Emile galtier
US556259A (en) * 1896-03-10 Signal-lantern
GB189602111A (en) * 1896-01-29 1896-12-19 William Bowers Fitch Improvements in Candles.
DE332901C (en) * 1920-02-04 1921-02-11 Emil Maares Candle without drawn-wick
FR909032A (en) * 1944-09-14 1946-04-25 stabilized wick luminaire using waxes and solid fats
US2758460A (en) * 1953-03-27 1956-08-14 Anthony J Ciano Wick holder for candles

Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3873263A (en) * 1972-10-09 1975-03-25 Paul Marcel Edmond Decroix Device for adjusting the burning time and luminosity of the flame of a wick-type lighting device such as a candle
US3910753A (en) * 1974-04-15 1975-10-07 George Y Lee Wax burner
US4755135A (en) * 1985-11-19 1988-07-05 Kwok Wai Shi Candle device
FR2780137A1 (en) * 1998-06-23 1999-12-24 Siam Societe Ind D Accessoires High illumination safe torch which may be used outside in gardens and similar locations
US7591646B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2009-09-22 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7247017B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2007-07-24 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Melting plate candles
US20040229180A1 (en) * 1999-12-21 2004-11-18 Furner Paul E. Melting plate candles
US20070287116A1 (en) * 1999-12-21 2007-12-13 Furner Paul E Melting plate candles
US7922482B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2011-04-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle and wick holder therefor
US20070026352A1 (en) * 2000-12-22 2007-02-01 Kubicek Chris A Candle and wick holder therefore
US6695611B2 (en) * 2001-09-19 2004-02-24 Wooil W. Lee Safety candle
US20050037306A1 (en) * 2003-08-16 2005-02-17 Tetsuo Nakatsu Candle system for enhancing burning and improving volatiles performance and a manufacturing method for the same
US20050271994A1 (en) * 2004-02-17 2005-12-08 Furner Paul E Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
US7467944B2 (en) 2004-02-17 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
WO2006012562A2 (en) * 2004-07-21 2006-02-02 Cascade Designs, Inc. Capillary stove and priming system with control
WO2006012562A3 (en) * 2004-07-21 2006-07-06 Cascade Designs Inc Capillary stove and priming system with control
US20060093980A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-05-04 Kubicek Chris A Candleholder with a melting plate alignment feature
US7524187B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-04-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder locking mechanism
US20060057526A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Kubicek Chris A Wick holder magnetic retention means
US20060057529A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Kubicek Chris A Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US7229280B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-06-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder magnetic retention means
US20060057525A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Adair Joel E Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7287978B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-10-30 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle holder with improved air flow
US20060057527A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Adair Joel E Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US20070287115A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2007-12-13 Kubicek Chris A Wick holder magnetic retention means
US7318724B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-01-15 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US20060057528A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Kubicek Chris A Candle holder with improved air flow
US7413435B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-08-19 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US7607915B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-10-27 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7442036B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-10-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467945B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US20060057523A1 (en) * 2004-09-10 2006-03-16 Kubicek Chris A Wick holder locking mechanism
US7731492B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2010-06-08 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
US20060093979A1 (en) * 2004-11-01 2006-05-04 Varanasi Padma P Container candle
US7654822B2 (en) 2005-07-15 2010-02-02 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US20070015096A1 (en) * 2005-07-15 2007-01-18 Soller Douglas A Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US20090111066A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2009-04-30 Kubicek Chris A Wick-holder assembly
US7497685B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2009-03-03 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick-holder assembly
US7850444B2 (en) 2005-08-05 2010-12-14 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel element for melting plate candle assembly
US20080190376A1 (en) * 2007-02-14 2008-08-14 Matsumoto Evan I Self cleaning pet fur stripping comb
US20080234919A1 (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-09-25 Curtis Paul Ritter Performing application review validation testing for an engine as installed in an application
USD625851S1 (en) * 2009-03-03 2010-10-19 S.C. Johnson, Inc. Candle holder
US8668492B2 (en) * 2009-04-16 2014-03-11 Jacqueline Elaine Carroll Removable wick
US20100291499A1 (en) * 2009-04-16 2010-11-18 Jacqueline Elaine Carroll Removable wick
US8573967B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2013-11-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US9371988B2 (en) 2012-12-12 2016-06-21 Scott E. Jewett Candle assembly with retracting non-combustible wick
WO2015089216A1 (en) * 2012-12-12 2015-06-18 Jewett Scott E Candle assembly with retracting non-combustible wick

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