US3119345A - End ported roller pump - Google Patents

End ported roller pump Download PDF

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US3119345A
US3119345A US197318A US19731862A US3119345A US 3119345 A US3119345 A US 3119345A US 197318 A US197318 A US 197318A US 19731862 A US19731862 A US 19731862A US 3119345 A US3119345 A US 3119345A
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rotor
pumping chamber
circular end
roller
slots
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Expired - Lifetime
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US197318A
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Ernest E Cook
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HYPRO ENGINEERING Inc
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HYPRO ENGINEERING Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2/00Rotary-piston machines or pumps
    • F04C2/30Rotary-piston machines or pumps having the characteristics covered by two or more groups F04C2/02, F04C2/08, F04C2/22, F04C2/24 or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members
    • F04C2/34Rotary-piston machines or pumps having the characteristics covered by two or more groups F04C2/02, F04C2/08, F04C2/22, F04C2/24 or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having the movement defined in groups F04C2/08 or F04C2/22 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members
    • F04C2/344Rotary-piston machines or pumps having the characteristics covered by two or more groups F04C2/02, F04C2/08, F04C2/22, F04C2/24 or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having the movement defined in groups F04C2/08 or F04C2/22 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members with vanes reciprocating with respect to the inner member
    • F04C2/3441Rotary-piston machines or pumps having the characteristics covered by two or more groups F04C2/02, F04C2/08, F04C2/22, F04C2/24 or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having the movement defined in groups F04C2/08 or F04C2/22 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members with vanes reciprocating with respect to the inner member the inner and outer member being in contact along one line or continuous surface substantially parallel to the axis of rotation
    • F04C2/3445Rotary-piston machines or pumps having the characteristics covered by two or more groups F04C2/02, F04C2/08, F04C2/22, F04C2/24 or having the characteristics covered by one of these groups together with some other type of movement between co-operating members having the movement defined in groups F04C2/08 or F04C2/22 and relative reciprocation between the co-operating members with vanes reciprocating with respect to the inner member the inner and outer member being in contact along one line or continuous surface substantially parallel to the axis of rotation the vanes having the form of rollers, slippers or the like

Description

Jan. 28, 1964 E. E. cooK 3,119,345

END PORTED ROLLER PUMP Filed May 24, 1962 FIE. 1 z+ rr5z a INVENTOR. fez/e37- 5. Cook United States Patent Ollice 3,11%,345 Patented Jan. 28, 1964 3,119,345 END PORTED RGLLER PUMP Ernest E. Cook, Anoha, Minn, assignor to l-lypro Eng?- neering, inc Minneapolis, Minn, a corporation of Minnesota Filed May 24, 1962, Ser. No. 197,318 2 tClairns. Cl. 10313o) This invention relates to rotary pumps and more particularly to rotary pumps of the type which employ freetloating roller elements.

It is an important object of the invention to provide a pump of the class described which has a high capacity for its size and is efi'icicnt and economical, both in manufacture and in operation.

Another object of the invention is to provide a rotor and roller assemblage which maintains a fluid piston in connection with each of the rollers so as to increase the eificiency of fluid flow under high speed and to reduce the noise and wear within the pump.

A still further object or" the invention is to provide an end porting arrangement such that fluid fiow is established in parallel relation both above and below the rollers with each roller maintained against endwise displacement.

These and other objects and advantages of this invention will more fully appear from the following description, made in connection with the accompanying drawing, wherein like reference characters refer to the same or similar parts throughout the several views and in which:

FIGURE 1 is an end elevation looking in the direction of the inlet and outlet;

FlGURE 2 is a vertical section of the pump taken on the line 22 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is another section taken on the line 33 of FIGURE 2 and looking in the direction of the arrows;

FIGURE 4 is a view or" the inside of the end plate showing the ports and inlet and outlet, the view being taken on the line 44 of EEGURE 2; and

FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary view of the porting end of the pump in enlarged horizontal section taken on the line 55 of FIGURE 1.

With continued reference to the drawing, the invention generally comprises a housing Ill and a rotor assemblage ll journaled therein. The elements are so arranged that the pump is driven from the right as shown in FIGURE 2 and all of the fluid how is substantially axial to the rotor and occurs through porting disclosed to the left as shown in the same view.

The housing 19 may be conveniently formed in two main portions such that a cup-shaped body 12 constitutes one part and the ported end plate 13 constitutes the other. A cylindrical pumping chamber l lis defined by an'inner circumferential wall 15 and a circular end wall 16 as best shown in FXGURES 2 and 3. The cup-shaped body 12 is further provided with a boss 17 having a cavity 18 formed therein. A shaft opening 19 is formed through end wall 16 and centered with respect to the cavity 13. A sealed roller bearing assemblage 26 is fitted in cavity 1% so as to lie against a shouldered portion 21 of the cavity and a shaft seal 22 also lies within the cavity 18 in inwardly spaced relation to the bearing assembly 20. A weep hole extends vertically downward at 23 so as to pass through the boss 17 and permit fluid which may have passed the seal to drip outwardly from between the bearing assembly 25 and shaft seal 22. In the end wall 16 is formed a shallow cavity 24 as shown in FIGURE 3 and this cavity communicates with a small passageway 25 which leads to the space as which exists between the end wall 16 and the shaft seal 22;. Thus, any fluid which escapes through the shaft opening 1% and into the space 26 will be subjected to a reduced pressure resulting from the communication through passageway 25 with the suction or inlet side of the pump.

It will be observed from FIGURES 2 and 3 that, while the cylindrical pumping chamber is circular in configuration, the shaft opening 19 is somewhat above the true center axis of the pumping chamber.

The outer edge of the cup-shaped body 12 terminates in a planar flange 2'7 having a plurality of tapped openings 23 formed therein. The other principal portion of the housing It) is the end plate 13 which has a flange area 29 lying in a single plane and adapted to interiit over the planar area 27 of the cup-shaped body 12. The end plate 13 is also provided with openings 3t? which register with the tapped openings 28 of the cup-shaped body and may be provided with cap screws 31 or studs 32 with set nuts 33 and retaining nuts 34 as shown in FIGURE 2, the stud assemblages serving both to maintain the end plate 13 fastened in the housing and to provide means for convenient mounting of the entire pump to an external mounting structure (not shown). An end wall 35 is also formed on end plate 13 and this end wall may be slightly raised, except for the marginal relief areas 36, from the plane of the flange 29. Marginal relief areas 36 permit complete operability of the rollers out to the circumference l5, and guard against entrapment of any portion of the pumped fluid. End wall 35 lies in spaced parallel relation to the end wall 16 and defines the width of the cylindrical pumping chamber previously referred to. A partially recessed ring 37 is disposed between the juncture of end wall 35 and flange 29 and serves to seal the juncture between the end plate and the cup-shaped body.

Formed in the end plate 13 is an inlet port 38 and an outlet port 39 as shown in FIGURE 5. The inlet port cavity 38 is formed :arcuately about the axis of shaft opening 49 shown in 'FlGURE 4. Shaft opening 41 is in alignment the shaft opening ll? and also lies vertically above the true axial center of the cylinder pumping chamber as defined by circumferential walls 15 when the end plate is in place. Inlet port 38 communicates with the inlet 41 which in turn is formed in boss &2 as an integral fixture of the pump. An elongated rib 43 runs alrouately for the length of the inlet port 38 and lies in the same plane as the remainder of the end wall 35'.

Diametrically opposite from the inlet port 33 is the outlet port 39' which in turn communicates with outlet 44 threadedly formed in boss 45 which, like boss 42, is integral with the end plate 13 and provides a fitting connection. Ari elongated rib 4-6 extends arouately for the length of the outlet port 39, like its counterpart rib 43, lies in the same plane with the remainder of the end wall 35 as shown in FIGURES 4 and 5.

Shaft opening 45b in the end plate 13 communicates with shouldered cavity 47 which in turn retains the hearing assemblage 48 and the shaft seal 49 as best seen in FIGURE 5. A passageway 5d passes through the end wall 55 of end plate 13 and communicates with the space 51 which lies between the seal ring 49 and the end plate 13 as shown in FIGURE 5. It will be noted that passageway Sll also communicates with the suction or inlet side of the pump so that a reduced pressure is exerted on the space 51, thereby removing any liquid which may lie inwardly of the seal 49. Referring to FIGURE 2, it will be seen that a drainage or weep hole 52 is provided through the end plate so as to extend downwardly from the space 53 which occurs between bearing assemblage 48 and the shaft seal 49.

The pump rotor 11 has a rotor body 54- of circular shape which in turn is mounted upon shaft 55 and secured thereto by such means as set screw 56. Shaft 55 is journaled through the bearing assemblages Zil and 48 as well as through the housing openings and seals previously described. The shaft extends outwardly of the pump housing in an extension 57 which may be coupled to a power source of suitable character. The circumference 58 of the rotor 54 as previously noted is concentric with the axis of shaft 55 and is eccentric with respect to the cylindrical inner surface 15 of the pumping chamber. The upper portion of the circumferential surface 58 is almost in contact with the wall 15 as shown in FIGURE 3 while the lower portion is substantially spaced therefrom and defines positive pumping spaces, the volume of which changes as the rotor body 54 rotates.

Formed across the rotor body 54 and extending radially inward are a plurality of roller receiving slots 59 as shown in FIGURE 3. Each of these slots has a leading face 60 and a trailing face 61 which confront one another in spaced parallel relation. A cylindrical roller element 62 lies within each of the slots 59 and is movable inwardly and outwardly within each slot. An important feature of the invention resides in the depth of the slot which provides a substantial clearance 63 inwardly of the roller 62, even when it has been depressed radially to its fullest extent as exhibited by the uppermost roller in FIGURE 3. When each of the rollers 62 reaches the lowermost position, the space 63 is increased and the roller actually extends somewhat beyond the outer circumference 58 of the rotor body 54.

In the use and operation of the invention, the rotor body 54- lies sliding contact with the end walls 35 and 16 as shown in FIGURE 2 and the shaft 55 together with the rotor body 54 rotates in a clockwise direction as viewed in FIGURE 3. The rollers 62 are thrown outwardly by centrifugal force so as to ride against the inner circumferential surface 15 and also to slide against the trailsing surface 61 of each of the slots 59. The clearance between each roller 62 and the leading surface 60 is very small to prevent passage of fluid from the area 63 beneath the roller. As each roller moves with the rotor 54, it maintains contact with the circumferential surface 15 at the inside of the cup-shaped housing body and begins to move outwardly in its slot 59 as the outer circumference of the rotor leaves the inner housing surface. The rollers 62 also lightly contact the end wall surfaces 16 and 35 and as the rollers continue over the inlet port 38, the expanding space 63 causes fluid to be pulled in from inlet 41 to occupy the space beneath each roller. Also, it will be noted that the space outwardly of the rotor body and between consecutive rollers begins to increase and like wise exerts a pulling force on the fluids in the inlet port 38. Since the rib 43 is arcua-te and continuous for the length of the inlet port 38, each roller 62 is maintained in proper lateral position as it passes thereover.

As previously noted, the small passageway 50 connects with the inlet port and exerts a suction force upon the space between the end wall 35 and the shaft seal 4-9. Any liquid trapped in the space is thus pulled back into the rotor and is intermixed with the pumped fluid. The inlet port 38 terminates short of the maximum throw of each roller and hence there is no further intake of fluid from the inlet 41 through port However, as the roller 62 continues in its travel in a clockwise direction as viewed in FIGURE 3, the space between the rotor body 64 and the inner circumferential surface 15 begins to diminish. Shortly thereafter it reaches the lower end of the outlet port 39 and again the roller 62 rides upon a rib member 46 to prevent endwise displacement. The liquid which was pulled into the slot 59- in the space 63 is now caused to move laterally outward and be discharged through the outlet port 39. In a similar manner, the liquid forwardly of the roller 62 is caused to be squeezed into the outlet port 39. The ports are thus sel-f-valving in character and the consecutive increasing and diminishing volumes associated with each roller cause a continuous flow of liquid into the inlet 40- and out of the outlet 44. Since the small passageway 25 also lies at the inlet side of the pump, the previously noted evacuating effect will be exerted on fluid which may become entrapped between the end wall it and shaft seal 26'.

Each of the slot elements 5) is so dimensioned as to create a reservoir or fluid piston which is constantly maintained in the space d3. This reservoir effectively permits a simultaneous movement of the rollers at both ends outwardly in contact with the inner circumferential surface 15 despite the fact that the fluid flow is endwise of the rotor.

The average distance travelled by incoming fluid and outgoing fluid is less than when no reservoir is employed. The reservoir space 63 thus eifectively decreases the average velocity of the pumped fluid and undesirable forces which tend to move the rollers out of their parallel relation with the rotor axis are minimized. It will also be noted that liquid is pulled in from the inlet 41 directly into the rotor without negotiating change of direction and flow. Similarly, the fluid is pumped in a reverse direction without change of direction directly into the outlet 44.

The noted arrangement makes it possible for both the inlet and outlet to be located at one side of the rotor and to be aligned in close parallel relation with the rotor shaft and with each other.

It will, of course, be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangements and pro portions of the parts without departing from the scope of this invention as set forth in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A fluid pump comprising:

(a) a housing having a cylindrical pumping chamber therein,

(15) said pumping chamber being defined by an inner circumferential wall and a pair of spaced circular end walls;

(c) a rotor rotatably mounted within said pumping chamber and having its axis in offset parallel relation to that of said pumping chamber and having a width such as to extend from one of said circular end walls to the other,

,(d) said rotor having a plurality of roller receiving slots having a leading face and a trailing face confronting one another in spaced parallel relation formed into and extending throughout the entire width of said rotor;

(e) a roller disposed for free rotation in each of said slots extending from one of said circular end walls to the other and having a diameter substantially equal to the distance between said parallel leading and trailing faces so that there is an eflective sealing clearance with said faces at all times;

(f) the radial depth of said slots being substantially greater than the diameter of said rollers so that a substantial clearance forming an effective fluid reservoir will continually be maintained inwardly of each roller even when each of said rollers is in its inwardrnost position;

(g) a generally arcuate inlet port formed through one of said circular end walls, and

(h) a generally arcuate outlet port formed through the same circular end wall, said arcuate inlet and outlet ports being diametrically opposed and positioned so as to communicate with said slots during rotation of said rotor.

2. A fluid pump comprising:

(a) a housing having a cylindrical pumping chamber therein,

(b) said pumping chamber being defined by an inner circumferential wall and a pair of spaced circular end walls;

(0) a rotor rotatably mounted within said pumping chamber and having its axis in offset parallel relation to that of said pumping chamber and having a width such as to extend from one of said circular end walls to the other,

(d) said rotor having a plurality of roller receiving slots having a. leading face and a trailing face confronting one another in spaced parallel relation formed into and extending throughout the entire width of said rotor; (e) a roller disposed for :free rotation in each of said slots extending from one of said circular end walls to the other and having a diameter substantially equal to the distance between said parallel leading and trailing faces so that there is an effective sealing clearance With said faces at all times;

(1) the radial depth of said slots being substantially greater than the diameter of said rollers so that a substantial clearance forming an effective fluid reservoir will continually be maintained inwardly of each roller even when each of said rollers is in its inwardmost position;

(g) a generally arcuate inlet port formed through one of said circular end walls;

(It) a generally arcuate outlet port formed through the same circular end wall, said arcuate inlet and outlet ports being diametrically opposed and positioned so as to communicate with said slots during rotation of said rotor, and

(i) a longitudinal rib dividing each of said inlet and outlet ports into two portions and lying in the same plane of said one circular end wall, said inlet and outlet ports and their respective ribs being positioned so as to communicate with said slots and to provide restraint against lateral displacement of said rollers.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,466,904 Jackson Sept. 4, @1923 1,738,345 Barlow Dec. 3, 1929 1,749,121 Barlow Mar. 4, 1930 23 92029 Davis Ian. 1, 1946 2,393,223 Rosen Jan. 15, 1946 2,405,061 Shaw July 1946 2,525,6 19 Roth Oct. 10, 1950 2,612,110 Delegard Sept. 30, 1952 2,660,123 Vlachos Nov. 24, 1953 2,7321126 Smith Jan. 24, 1956 3,072,067 Beller Jan. 8, 196 2 FOREIGN PATENTS 856,687 Great Britain Dec. 21, 1960

Claims (1)

1. A FLUID PUMP COMPRISING: (A) A HOUSING HAVING A CYLINDRICAL PUMPING CHAMBER THEREIN, (B) SAID PUMPING CHAMBER BEING DEFINED BY AN INNER CIRCUMFERENTIAL WALL AND A PAIR OF SPEACED CIRCULAR END WALLS; (C) A ROTOR ROTATABLY MOUNTED WITHIN SAID PUMPING CHAMBER AND HAVING ITS AXIS IN OFFSET PARALLEL RELATION TO THAT OF SAID PUMPING CHAMBER AND HAVING A WIDTH SUCH AS TO EXTEND FROM ONE OF SAID CIRCULAR END WALLS TO THE OTHER, (D) SAID ROTOR HAVING A PLURALITY OF ROLLER RECEIVING SLOTS HAVING A LEADING FACE AND A TRAILING FACE CONFRONTING ONE ANOTHER IN SPACED PARALLEL RELATION FORMED INTO AND EXTENDING THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE WIDTH OF SAID ROTOR; (E) A ROLLER DISPOSED FOR FREE ROTATION IN EACH OF SAID SLOTS EXTENDING FROM ONE OF SAID CIRCULAR END WALLS TO THE OTHER AND HAVING A DIAMETER SUBSTANTIALLY EQUAL TO THE DISTANCE BETWEEN SAID PARALLEL LEADING AND TRAILING FACES SO THAT THERE IS AN EFFECTIVE SEALING CLEARANCE WITH SAID FACES AT ALL TIMES; (F) THE RADIAL DEPTH OF SAID SLOTS BEING SUBSTANTIALLY GREATER THAN THE DIAMETER OF SAID ROLLERS SO THAT A SUBSTANTIAL CLEARANCE FORMING AN EFFECTIVE FLUID RESERVOIR WILL CONTINUALLY BE MAINTAINED INWARDLY OF EACH ROLLER EVEN WHEN EACH OF SAID ROLLERS IS IN ITS INWARDMOST POSITION; (G) A GENERALLY ARCUATE INLET PORT FORMED THROUGH ONE OF SAID CIRCULAR END WALLS, AND (H) A GENERALLY ARCUATE OUTLET PORT FORMED THROUGH THE SAME CIRCULAR END WALL, SAID ARCUATE INLET AND OUTLET PORTS BEING DIAMETRICALLY OPPOSED AND POSITIONED SO AS TO COMMUNICATE WITH SAID SLOTS DURING ROTATION OF SAID ROTOR.
US197318A 1962-05-24 1962-05-24 End ported roller pump Expired - Lifetime US3119345A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US197318A US3119345A (en) 1962-05-24 1962-05-24 End ported roller pump
GB3502762A GB964944A (en) 1962-05-24 1962-09-13 Improvements in or relating to rotary pumps
DK443062A DK117049B (en) 1962-05-24 1962-10-13 Liquid Pump.

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3253546A (en) * 1963-10-30 1966-05-31 Hypro Inc Combination side and end port pump
US3316852A (en) * 1966-09-22 1967-05-02 Hypro Inc Pump
US3381622A (en) * 1966-01-19 1968-05-07 Wilcox Stewart Fluid pump and motor
US4173438A (en) * 1975-11-17 1979-11-06 Putz A Frank Rotary piston device which displaces fluid in inner and outer variable volume chambers simultaneously
US6099261A (en) * 1998-06-08 2000-08-08 Worden; Gary Roller vane stage for a fuel pump
EP1245821A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2002-10-02 Robert Bosch Gmbh Fuel feed-pump unit

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3942414A (en) * 1969-11-13 1976-03-09 Reliance Electric Company Hydraulic device

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1466904A (en) * 1921-12-27 1923-09-04 Nat Pump Company Rotary pump
US1738345A (en) * 1928-08-20 1929-12-03 Lester P Barlow Rotary pump
US1749121A (en) * 1928-02-16 1930-03-04 Lester P Barlow Rotary pump
US2392029A (en) * 1943-10-16 1946-01-01 Claud F Davis Pump
US2393223A (en) * 1941-12-29 1946-01-15 Oscar E Rosen Hydraulic motor
US2405061A (en) * 1942-12-02 1946-07-30 Eaton Mfg Co Pump structure
US2525619A (en) * 1947-02-13 1950-10-10 Thompson Prod Inc Pump
US2612111A (en) * 1950-03-06 1952-09-30 Granville A Humason Gas lift
US2660123A (en) * 1952-08-11 1953-11-24 Constantinos H Vlachos Thermohydraulic power converter
US2732112A (en) * 1956-01-24 Container
GB856687A (en) * 1957-04-08 1960-12-21 Hobourn Eaton Mfg Co Ltd Improvements in rotary pumps
US3072067A (en) * 1959-12-22 1963-01-08 Eaton Mfg Co Rotary pump

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2732112A (en) * 1956-01-24 Container
US1466904A (en) * 1921-12-27 1923-09-04 Nat Pump Company Rotary pump
US1749121A (en) * 1928-02-16 1930-03-04 Lester P Barlow Rotary pump
US1738345A (en) * 1928-08-20 1929-12-03 Lester P Barlow Rotary pump
US2393223A (en) * 1941-12-29 1946-01-15 Oscar E Rosen Hydraulic motor
US2405061A (en) * 1942-12-02 1946-07-30 Eaton Mfg Co Pump structure
US2392029A (en) * 1943-10-16 1946-01-01 Claud F Davis Pump
US2525619A (en) * 1947-02-13 1950-10-10 Thompson Prod Inc Pump
US2612111A (en) * 1950-03-06 1952-09-30 Granville A Humason Gas lift
US2660123A (en) * 1952-08-11 1953-11-24 Constantinos H Vlachos Thermohydraulic power converter
GB856687A (en) * 1957-04-08 1960-12-21 Hobourn Eaton Mfg Co Ltd Improvements in rotary pumps
US3072067A (en) * 1959-12-22 1963-01-08 Eaton Mfg Co Rotary pump

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3253546A (en) * 1963-10-30 1966-05-31 Hypro Inc Combination side and end port pump
US3381622A (en) * 1966-01-19 1968-05-07 Wilcox Stewart Fluid pump and motor
US3316852A (en) * 1966-09-22 1967-05-02 Hypro Inc Pump
US4173438A (en) * 1975-11-17 1979-11-06 Putz A Frank Rotary piston device which displaces fluid in inner and outer variable volume chambers simultaneously
US6099261A (en) * 1998-06-08 2000-08-08 Worden; Gary Roller vane stage for a fuel pump
EP1245821A1 (en) * 2001-03-30 2002-10-02 Robert Bosch Gmbh Fuel feed-pump unit

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GB964944A (en) 1964-07-29
DK117049B (en) 1970-03-09

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