US3089720A - Combination latch bolt and friction latch - Google Patents

Combination latch bolt and friction latch Download PDF

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Publication number
US3089720A
US3089720A US90751A US9075161A US3089720A US 3089720 A US3089720 A US 3089720A US 90751 A US90751 A US 90751A US 9075161 A US9075161 A US 9075161A US 3089720 A US3089720 A US 3089720A
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United States
Prior art keywords
latch bolt
latch
retractor
bolt
door
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US90751A
Inventor
Ernest L Schlage
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Schlage Lock Company LLC
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Schlage Lock Company LLC
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Publication date
Application filed by Schlage Lock Company LLC filed Critical Schlage Lock Company LLC
Priority to US90751A priority Critical patent/US3089720A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3089720A publication Critical patent/US3089720A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B15/00Other details of locks; Parts for engagement by bolts of fastening devices
    • E05B15/10Bolts of locks or night latches
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/096Sliding
    • Y10T292/0969Spring projected
    • Y10T292/097Operating means
    • Y10T292/0977Cam
    • Y10T292/0987Bolt has ancillary projection spring
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/68Keepers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/50Special application
    • Y10T70/5093For closures
    • Y10T70/5155Door
    • Y10T70/5199Swinging door
    • Y10T70/5372Locking latch bolts, biased
    • Y10T70/5381Projectable beyond normal biased position

Description

y 14, 1963 E. L SCHLAGE 3,089,720

COMBINATION LATCH BOLT AND FRICTION LATCH Filed Feb. 21, 1961 INVENTOR.

ERNEST L. SCHLAGE United States Patent 3,089,720 COHNATEGN LATCH BOLT AND FRICTIGN LATCH Ernest L. Schlage, Burlingame, Calif assignor to Schlage Lock Company, a corporation Filed Feb. 21, 1961, Ser. No. 90,751 2 Claims. (Cl. 292-469) This invention relates to latch units such as are used with knob actuated door locks or latch sets, and especially to a latch bolt which is retracted by the lock a predetermined distance in the usual manner and then functions as a friction latch or bullet catch to complete retraction.

The object of the present invention is to provide a spring projected latch bolt which will be retracted by a look a predetermined distance in the usual manner and will then yield under the camming influence of a strike plate in the manner of a friction latch to complete retraction as the door is opened.

The invention is shown by way of illustration in the accompanying drawings in which,

FIG. 1 is a horizontal View of the latch unit and a cooperating strike plate, said view being partially in section.

FIG. 2 is a vertical section of the latch unit and a portion of the lock with its retracting mechanism, and

FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing the latch bolt retracted a major portion of its stroke.

Referring to the drawings in detail, A indicates the housing of the latch unit, 2 the latch bolt, 3 the faceplate, 4 the retractor bar, 5 the spring by which the latch bolt is normally propelled to the projected position and 6 the strike plate into which the latch bolt enters when pro jected.

The spacing between the faceplate of the latch unit and the strike plate which is mounted in the frame of the door opening is ordinarily not more than one-sixteenth to oneeighth of an inch when the door is properly hung or installed; but due to poor workmanship, shrinking of the door, warping of the door frame or settling of the building, the spacing may even exceed three-eighths of an inch, and as the average latch bolt has a projection of only three-enghths of an inch when fully projected, the latch bolt would be completely ineffective since it is out of engagement with the strike plate; moreover the door would swing open in response to the slightest draft. The latch bolt which is the subject of this application is provided with a projection of half an inch but it is actuated by a standard form of retracting mechanism used with latch bolts having a three-eighths projection, in other words, the retracting mechanism is only capable of retracting the half inch projection latch bolt three-eighths of an inch, hence, other means must be provided for retracting the latch bolt the remaining portion of its projection which is one-eighth of an inch. This is accomplished in the present instance by forming a cam surface 7 on the strike plate.

Operation of the latch bolt mechanism will be as follows: With the latch unit and its actuating mechanism installed in a door and the strike plate installed in the frame of the door, the door may be opened in the usual manner by grasping the knob or key and rotating it. Rotation of the knob or key actuates the retracting mechanism and as this is capable of retracting the latch bolt only three-eighths of an inch, the latch bolt will assume the position shown in FIG. 3. In this position the outer end 8 of the latch bolt is in contact with the cam face 7 of the strike plate 6, thus by merely pulling on the knob, the latch bolt is cammed inwardly in the manner of a friction latch or bullet catch during the opening of the door.

Inasmuch as the retracting means 4 has a movement of only three-eighths of an inch and the bolt 2 has a movement of half an inch, the connection between the bolt and retractor means must be yieldable. One method of accomplishing this is clearly shown in FIG. 2 where 9 represents a pin fastened to the bolt and engageable in a slot Ill formed in the bar 4. A pair of shoulders 11 are formed on the bar and a pair of springs 12 are interposed between the shoulders and the bolt, thus when the camming action takes place, the springs yield thereby permitting independent movement of the latch bolt with relation to the retracting means.

It is common practice to provide a lock with what is known to the trade as the hold-back feature, i.e., a mechanism by which a three-eighths projection latch bolt may be held in fully retracted position. If the half inch projection latch bolt and its associated strike plate are substituted for the three-eighths projection latch bolt, then one-eighth of the bolts tip will project and function as a friction latch. In other words a lock may be adjusted to function either as a friction catch or as a latch lock and friction latch combination at will.

While the latch bolt projections have been described as three-eighths and one-half of an inch, it should be understood that these are merely exemplary dimensions and that other lengths may obviously be employed.

While the latch unit described and shown in this application is of the type known to the trade as a spring latch it should be understood that the principles described herein apply With equal validity to deadlocking latches.

Having thus described my invention, what I desire to claim and secure by Letters Patent is,

1. In a door lock, said lock having a retractor, said retractor having a fixed stroke, and a latch bolt, said latch bolt having a longer stroke, a link connecting the latch bolt with the retractor, a strike plate to receive the latch bolt, said retractor when fully retracted retracting the latch bolt substantially three-quarters of its stroke with relation to the strike plate, a yielding connecion between the latch bolt and the retractor permitting movement of the latch bolt beyond that caused by the retractor, said yielding movemen permitting full retraction of the latch bolt when a push or pull is applied to the door.

2. In a door lock, said lock having a retractor, said retractor having a fixed stroke, and a latch bolt, said latch bolt having a longer stroke, a link connecting the latch bolt with the retractor, a strike plate to receive the latch bolt, said retractor when fully retracted retracting the latch bolt substantially three-quarters of its stroke with relation to the strike plate, a yielding connection between the latch bolt and the retractor permitting movement of the latch bolt beyond that caused by the retractor, a cam surface on the strike plate engageable with the latch bolt to complete retraction of the latch bolt when a push or pull is applied to the door.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,378,054 White May 17, 1921 1,486,595 Marcum Mar. 11, 1924 1,553,531 Hoffman Sept. 15, 1925 2,479,174 Lickteig Aug. 16, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 419,076 Great Britain Nov. 6, 1934 450,562 Great Britain July 21, 1936 475,353 Great Britain Nov. 15, 1937

Claims (1)

1. IN A DOOR LOCK, SAID LOCK HAVING A RETRACTOR, SAID RETRACTOR HAVING A FIXED STROKE, AND A LATCH BOLT, SAID LATCH BOLT HAVING A LONGER STROKE, A LINK CONNECTING THE LATCH BOLT WITH THE RETRACTOR, A STRIKE PLATE TO RECEIVE THE LATCH BOLT, SAID RETRACTOR WHEN FULLY RETRACTED RETRACTING THE LATCH BOLT SUBSTANTIALLY THREE-QUARTERS OF ITS STROKE WITH RELATION TO THE STRIKE PLATE, A YIELDING CONNECTION BETWEEN THE LATCH BOLT AND THE RETRACTOR PERMITTING MOVEMENT OF THE LATCH BOLT BEYOND THAT CAUSED BY THE RETRACTOR, SAID YIELDING MOVEMENT PERMITTING FULL RETRACTION OF THE LATCH BOLT WHEN A PUSH OR PULL IS APPLIED TO THE DOOR.
US90751A 1961-02-21 1961-02-21 Combination latch bolt and friction latch Expired - Lifetime US3089720A (en)

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US90751A US3089720A (en) 1961-02-21 1961-02-21 Combination latch bolt and friction latch

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US3089720A true US3089720A (en) 1963-05-14

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3469875A (en) * 1967-11-06 1969-09-30 Amerock Corp Latching assembly
US5769473A (en) * 1995-12-14 1998-06-23 Sovis; Martin Apparatus for door restraining assembly
US20110299233A1 (en) * 2009-02-28 2011-12-08 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Latch system
US20160130846A1 (en) * 2014-11-06 2016-05-12 Architectural Builders Hardware Mfg., Inc. Door latch with low operating noise
US9410348B1 (en) * 2014-01-04 2016-08-09 Carlson Pet Products, Inc. Latch apparatus

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1378054A (en) * 1920-03-27 1921-05-17 Kellogg M W Co Hydraulic-pipe joint
US1486595A (en) * 1921-09-28 1924-03-11 Claud A Marcum Door fastener
US1553531A (en) * 1922-10-09 1925-09-15 Hoffman Carl Latch lock for doors
GB419076A (en) * 1933-05-12 1934-11-06 Henry Arthur Thompson Improvements in and relating to locks and latches
GB450562A (en) * 1935-03-13 1936-07-21 Arthur John Witheridge Improvements in latches and locks
GB475353A (en) * 1936-05-13 1937-11-15 Erebus Mfg Company Ltd Improvements in latches
US2479174A (en) * 1946-03-18 1949-08-16 Nat Brass Co Latch

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1378054A (en) * 1920-03-27 1921-05-17 Kellogg M W Co Hydraulic-pipe joint
US1486595A (en) * 1921-09-28 1924-03-11 Claud A Marcum Door fastener
US1553531A (en) * 1922-10-09 1925-09-15 Hoffman Carl Latch lock for doors
GB419076A (en) * 1933-05-12 1934-11-06 Henry Arthur Thompson Improvements in and relating to locks and latches
GB450562A (en) * 1935-03-13 1936-07-21 Arthur John Witheridge Improvements in latches and locks
GB475353A (en) * 1936-05-13 1937-11-15 Erebus Mfg Company Ltd Improvements in latches
US2479174A (en) * 1946-03-18 1949-08-16 Nat Brass Co Latch

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3469875A (en) * 1967-11-06 1969-09-30 Amerock Corp Latching assembly
US5769473A (en) * 1995-12-14 1998-06-23 Sovis; Martin Apparatus for door restraining assembly
US20110299233A1 (en) * 2009-02-28 2011-12-08 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Latch system
US9223355B2 (en) * 2009-02-28 2015-12-29 Hewlett-Packard Development Company L.P. Latch system
US9410348B1 (en) * 2014-01-04 2016-08-09 Carlson Pet Products, Inc. Latch apparatus
US10415279B2 (en) 2014-01-04 2019-09-17 Carlson Pet Products, Inc. Latch apparatus
US20160130846A1 (en) * 2014-11-06 2016-05-12 Architectural Builders Hardware Mfg., Inc. Door latch with low operating noise
US9828793B2 (en) * 2014-11-06 2017-11-28 Architectural Builders Hardware Mfg., Inc. Door latch with low operating noise

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