US30869A - Improvement in explosive harpoons - Google Patents

Improvement in explosive harpoons Download PDF

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US30869A
US30869A US30869DA US30869A US 30869 A US30869 A US 30869A US 30869D A US30869D A US 30869DA US 30869 A US30869 A US 30869A
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explosive
improvement
seen
harpoons
barbs
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B30/00Projectiles or missiles, not otherwise provided for, characterised by the ammunition class or type, e.g. by the launching apparatus or weapon used
    • F42B30/14Harpoons

Description

T. BRIGGS.

Bomb Lance.

' Patented Dec. 1], 1860.

N PETERS. PHOTO-LITHOGRAPHER, WASHINGTON, D Q

Urnrnn STATES PATENT OFFICE THEODORE BRIGGS, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.

IMPROVEMENT IN EXPLOSIVE HARPOONS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 30,869, dated December 11, 1860.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, THEODORE BRIGGS, of the city of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Explosive Harpoon-Lances; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction and operation of the same,reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, in which- Figures 1 and 3 are central longitudinal sections, and Fig. 2 a perspective view, of the said improvement applied, like letters indicating the same parts when in the difi'erent figures.

My invention has for its object the production of an explosive harpoon lance to be thrown by hand; and it consists in the construction and combined arrangement, with the body of the implement, of the devices hereinafter described, whereby a convenient and more effective hand-lance is produced for the purpose of taking whales.

The drawings represent that part of a harpoon-lance which is made of iron the usual wooden balance-shaft not being shown. The pointed or forward end of this lance consists of two tubular pieces, a and a, connected together by means of a screw-pin, b, which is fitted with a priming-tube andnipple, c, the latter projecting back into the rear tube, a, as seen in Figs. 1 and 3. The'rear tube, a, is made to slide over the stem d of the body of the lance, so that the nipple 0 may be brought into contact with the end of the said stem. A slender wooden pin, e, passes through transverse holes in the ends of the said tube and stem, and thereby keeps them in the proper relative positions for use, as seen in Figs. 1 and 2.

The barbs ff are pivoted together at their inner ends within a mortise, 9, made through the body of the lance, so that they can be shut together, as seen in Fig. 1, or opened outward, as seen in Fig. 3. Two springs, h h, are fixed so as to extend outward along over each side of the rear part of the mortise g, as seen in Fig. 3, while in their normalcondition, and made of such strength as may admit of their being sufficiently compressed by hand into the slot 9 by closing the barbs ff into the positions seen in Figs. 1 and 2, and to allow a slide, 1', to be moved up, so that it shall inclose within it the projections 1 1, which are on the ends of the said barbs ff, and thus hold them down securely in the position seen in the same figures.

The slide 6 has two outside arms, 2 2, which project therefrom at right angles to the plane of motion of the barbs f f, as seen in Fig. 2.

Operation: The tube a is to be filled with gunpowder, the pin 1) then screwed in and a common percussion-cap placed on the nipple 0, when the tube a is then screwed on over the nipple and its open end slipped over the end of the stem cl, where it is to be secured by the insertion of the wooden pin 0 into the holes in the ends of both, as seen in Figs. 1 and 2. The barbs ff are now pressed down against the pressure of the springs h h and the slide 13 pushed up so as to inclose within it the projections 1 1 on the ends of the said barbs. The implement is now ready for use.

It is thrown by hand in the usual manner, so as to cause it to penetrate the skin and thick mass of blubber of the whale, and the tubular end then coming in contact with bone is suddenly arrested, while the momentum of the body and balance-shaft of the implement causes the breaking of the wooden pin e, and the consequent driving up of the stem end 0? against the percussion-cap on the nipple c, as

seen in Fig. 3, exploding it and the powder,

together with the containing-tube (0, thus destroyin g the life of the animal almost instantly; and during the deep penetration of the implement into the blubber the arms 2 2 of the slide 2' are held back by the tough skin of the whale, (indicated by the line in Fig. 3,) thus releasing the barbs ff, which, being forced apart to Making an explosive harpoon-lancc to be thrown by hand, with its forward end constructed and applied to be exploded by the breaking of the Wooden pin 6, as described, its barbs ff being pivoted together in the mortise g, and turning outward on being released by the backward motion of the armed slide 2', as described, the whole being constructed and arranged to operate together, in combination with the body of the implement, in the manner described, and for the purposes specified.

THEODORE BRIGGS.

Witnesses:

BENJ. MORISON, WM. HADDEN.

US30869A Improvement in explosive harpoons Expired - Lifetime US30869A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2659273A (en) * 1948-08-16 1953-11-17 John O Blackmon Harpoon
US2667814A (en) * 1948-04-05 1954-02-02 John O Blackmon Explosive-actuated harpoon
US5561263A (en) * 1993-11-01 1996-10-01 Baillod; Frederic Device for capturing humans or animals
US6122924A (en) * 1999-06-30 2000-09-26 Carrier Corporation Hot gas compressor bypass using oil separator circuit

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2667814A (en) * 1948-04-05 1954-02-02 John O Blackmon Explosive-actuated harpoon
US2659273A (en) * 1948-08-16 1953-11-17 John O Blackmon Harpoon
US5561263A (en) * 1993-11-01 1996-10-01 Baillod; Frederic Device for capturing humans or animals
US6122924A (en) * 1999-06-30 2000-09-26 Carrier Corporation Hot gas compressor bypass using oil separator circuit

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