US3065497A - Door hinge and integral check - Google Patents

Door hinge and integral check Download PDF

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Publication number
US3065497A
US3065497A US60998A US6099860A US3065497A US 3065497 A US3065497 A US 3065497A US 60998 A US60998 A US 60998A US 6099860 A US6099860 A US 6099860A US 3065497 A US3065497 A US 3065497A
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United States
Prior art keywords
member
door
rod
provided
check
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Expired - Lifetime
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US60998A
Inventor
Francis E Faber
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Chrysler Corp
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Chrysler Corp
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Priority to US60998A priority Critical patent/US3065497A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/10Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • E05D11/1028Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open
    • E05D11/1042Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means being a cam and a torsion bar, e.g. motor vehicle hinge mechanisms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • Y10T16/54028Plural alternately useable detents
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • Y10T16/54029Spring arm

Description

Nov. 27, 1962 F. E. FABER 3,065,497

DOOR HINGE AND INTEGRAL CHECK med oct. e, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEN TOR. fWf/'S I )27267.

United States Patent O 3,065,497 DOOR HINGE AND INTEGRAL CHECK Francis E. Faber, Grosse Pointe Woods, Mich., assigner to Chrysler Corporation, Highland Park, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Filed Oct. 6, 1960, Ser. No. 69,993 3 Claims. (Cl. 16-142) This invention relates to improvements in hinging devices, and in particular to a hinging device and integral check for use on automobiles and like conveyances.

It has been customary in the door hingings of automobiles to employ various types of springs which urge a linger element into engagement with shoulders on one of the hinge members to thereby check relative pivotal movement o-f the hinging members at predetermined positions. These customary spring devices have not proven entirely satisfactory in that they lose their spring eect and allow the door to swing shut at inopportune times. Moreover, these devices are relatively costly and usually comprise several moving parts.

The present invention has as its principal object to provide an integral hinge and checking device which retains its ability to check the door at predetermined positions over a long period of time without losing any of its effectiveness. This is accomplished by providing a torsion arm which utilizes the inherent twisting resistance of a metal rod in order to provide the necessary checking force.

Arfurther object of this invention is to provide the aforesaid integral hinge and checking device by way of a very simple and inexpensive structure utilizing a very small number of moving parts of low cost.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and drawings in which:

FIGURE 1 represents a cross-sectional view of an automotive body and door showing the hinge 4and check in their closed positions;

FIGURE 2 represents a view of the hinge and check of FIGURE 1 taken along the line 2-2 thereof in the direction of the arrows;

FIGURE 3 represents a view of the hinge and check of FIGURE 1 taken along the line 3 3 thereof in the direction of the arrows; and

FIGURE 4 represents a view corresponding to FIGURE l with the door in the open position.

Referring to the drawings, a front door or fender of a vehicle is positioned adjacent `a pillar structure 12 to which is bolted an L-shaped member 14 of a hinge. A door 16 is shown bolted on its inside section 18 to the web 2d of U-shaped hinge member 22. Member 22 has a leg 2:4 provided with a cam surface 26 having shoulder means 2S and 30 thereon. Member 22 is further provided with a leg 32 having a stop 34 thereon for the purpose ydescribed below.

L-shaped member 14 is provided with a leg 38 having a pair of spaced bearings 40 and 42 thereon pivotally secured between the legs of member 22 by means of a bolt 44 passing through these legs and the bearings 40, 42. An attaching leg l46 of member 14 is bolted to the center pillar 12 and is provided on one side with a projection 48 against which stop 34 of leg 32 abuts when the door is in the open position as shown in FIGURE 4 to thereby limit the opening of the door.

Mice

A pair of channel-shaped grooves 50 and 52 are provided adjacent each edge of leg 46 of member 14 and receive a torsion bar 54, one end of which 56 is received in aperture 58 in the body 60 carrying the abutment 48. The other end of rod 54 is curved at 62 'to provide an end 64 rotatably mounting a cam follower roller 66 which may be of a bearing material such as brass or steel and which is constantly urged by the action of the torsion rod into engagement with the cam surface 26.

It is seen tha-t as the door is moved from the closed position shown in FIGURE l to the position of shoulder 28 the engagement of the roller 66 with this shoulder will inhibit swinging movement of the door back to its closed position. This result is further achieved at the position shown by shoulder 30 on cam portion 26 which represents the door in its full open position as shown in FIGURE 4. It is noted that any convenient number of such shoulders could be provided.

It is seen that a very simple, economical, and highly efficient integral door hinge and check is provided by applicants invention and that the total number of moving parts is quite minimal which inherently will provide a longer lasting and more elicient integral hinge and door check than has heretofore been provided.

I claim:

1. Apparatus for hinging a door element on a structural element provided with a door opening, said apparatus comprising a first member adapted to be mounted on one of the above-mentioned elements and provided with a portion defining a cam surface, a second member pivotally mounted on said irst member and adapted to be mounted on the other of the above mentioned elements, and a cam follower and spring assembly carried by said second member, said assembly including a rod having one end thereof anchored in said second member, the other end of said rod being provided with an integral arm extending laterally of said rod and terminating in a portion extending in a direction substantially parallel to the pivotal axis of said second member, said assembly further including a cam follower on the terminal portion of said rod in resilient engagement with said cam surface so that relative pivotal movement of said members is controlled by torsional deformation of said rod imparted through said cam follower and its associated arm.

2. Apparatus for hinging a door element on a structural element provided with a door opening, said apparatus comprising a iirst member adapted to be mounted on one of the above-mentioned elements and provided' with a portion defining a cam surface, a second member pivotally mounted on said lirst member Vand adapted to be secured to the other of the above mentioned elements, and a cam follower and spring assembly carried by said second member, said assembly including a rod extending in a `direction parallel to the above mentioned axis and having one end thereof anchored in said second member, the other end of said rod being provided with an integral arm extending laterally of said rod and terminating in a depending portion extending in a direction substantially parallel to the pivotal axis of said second member, said assembly further including a cam follower pivotally mounted on the depending portion of said' rod in rolling engagement with said cam surface so that relative pivotal movement of said members is controlled `by torsional deformation of said rod imparted through Said cam follower and itsassociated arm.

3. Apparatus for hinging a door element on a structural element provided with a door opening, said apparatus comprising a rst member adapted to be mounted on one of the abovementioned elements and provided with a portion dening a cam surface having an abutment thereon, a second member pivotally mounted on said rst member and adapted to be secured to the other of the -above mentioned elements, and a cam follower and spring assembly carried by said second member, said assembly including a rod having one end thereof anchored in said second member, the other end of said rod being provided with an integral arm extending laterally of said rod and terminating in a portion extending in a direction substantially parallel to the pivotal axis of said second member, said assembly further including a cam follower pivotally mounted on the terminal portion of said rod in rolling engagement with said cam surface so that relative pivotal movement of said members is controlled by torsional deformation of said rod and engagement of said abutment by said cam follower provides a yieldable means for holding the above mentioned door in a predetermined open position.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

US60998A 1960-10-06 1960-10-06 Door hinge and integral check Expired - Lifetime US3065497A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US60998A US3065497A (en) 1960-10-06 1960-10-06 Door hinge and integral check

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US60998A US3065497A (en) 1960-10-06 1960-10-06 Door hinge and integral check
GB3463561A GB926609A (en) 1960-10-06 1961-09-27 Improvements in hinges

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3124830A (en) * 1964-03-17 Hinge and hold open
US3131423A (en) * 1960-06-22 1964-05-05 Renault Articulation devices for vehicle boot covers
US3153260A (en) * 1961-01-11 1964-10-20 Gen Motors Corp Closure hinge
US3191216A (en) * 1962-03-14 1965-06-29 Btr Industries Ltd Hinges
US3370317A (en) * 1964-11-16 1968-02-27 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Door hinges with torsion bar hold-open means
US3371374A (en) * 1966-08-11 1968-03-05 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Door hinge embodying torsion bar hold-open means
US3427682A (en) * 1966-12-22 1969-02-18 Chrysler Corp Infinite stop door hinge
US3431588A (en) * 1967-04-25 1969-03-11 Ford Motor Co Integrated hinge and door check assembly
US3447191A (en) * 1967-03-06 1969-06-03 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Door check
US3863293A (en) * 1972-03-14 1975-02-04 Aisin Seiki Door hinge mechanism
US3905064A (en) * 1974-04-08 1975-09-16 Scharwaechter Kg Combined door stopper and hinge assembly
DE2420295A1 (en) * 1974-04-26 1975-11-06 Scharwaechter Kg At a tuerscharnier connected tuerfeststeller, kraftwagentueren particular for
US3931664A (en) * 1971-08-11 1976-01-13 Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha Door hinge unit
DE2529084A1 (en) * 1975-06-30 1977-01-27 Scharwaechter Kg At a hinge-connected tuerfeststeller
DE2907413A1 (en) * 1979-02-26 1980-09-04 Scharwaechter Gmbh Co Kg Motor vehicle door stop or fixer combined with plate hinge - has notching arm and end stop on one half acting with spring on other half
US4266321A (en) * 1979-06-20 1981-05-12 General Motors Corporation Hinge and hold-open assembly
EP0047826B1 (en) * 1980-09-05 1985-02-06 Casma di V. Marinoni & Figli Door closer lockable in an open position
US5074010A (en) * 1989-09-18 1991-12-24 Thunderline Corporation Vehicle door check mechanism
US5152030A (en) * 1990-09-11 1992-10-06 Thunderline Corporation Vehicle door check
US5926917A (en) * 1998-03-26 1999-07-27 Dura Automotive Systems, Inc. Door hinge assembly
US6594859B2 (en) * 2000-02-15 2003-07-22 Oxford Automotive Mecanismes Et Decoupage Fin Hinge assembly for a swinging door of a motor vehicle
US6851159B1 (en) * 1999-10-14 2005-02-08 Edscha Ag Door hinge
US20050086770A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Watson Earl L. Double pivot concealed hinge

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1436730A (en) * 1965-03-16 1966-04-29 Renault Hinge with stop function
DE1708411C2 (en) * 1967-03-25 1982-12-23 Ed. Scharwaechter Gmbh + Co Kg, 5630 Remscheid, De
DE2415888C2 (en) * 1974-04-02 1983-11-17 Ed. Scharwaechter Gmbh + Co Kg, 5630 Remscheid, De
GB9217610D0 (en) * 1992-08-19 1992-09-30 Bloxwich Eng Vehicle door hinge

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US991026A (en) * 1911-02-08 1911-05-02 Heard Mfg Company Wind-shield hinge.
US2394014A (en) * 1940-08-02 1946-02-05 Rudolph I Schonitzer Combined door-hinging, door-checking, and door-holding device
FR1100438A (en) * 1954-03-29 1955-09-20 Automatic Door Hinge, shooting, etc.
US2799891A (en) * 1953-04-23 1957-07-23 Gen Motors Corp Deck lid counterbalance and hold-open

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US991026A (en) * 1911-02-08 1911-05-02 Heard Mfg Company Wind-shield hinge.
US2394014A (en) * 1940-08-02 1946-02-05 Rudolph I Schonitzer Combined door-hinging, door-checking, and door-holding device
US2799891A (en) * 1953-04-23 1957-07-23 Gen Motors Corp Deck lid counterbalance and hold-open
FR1100438A (en) * 1954-03-29 1955-09-20 Automatic Door Hinge, shooting, etc.

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3124830A (en) * 1964-03-17 Hinge and hold open
US3131423A (en) * 1960-06-22 1964-05-05 Renault Articulation devices for vehicle boot covers
US3153260A (en) * 1961-01-11 1964-10-20 Gen Motors Corp Closure hinge
US3191216A (en) * 1962-03-14 1965-06-29 Btr Industries Ltd Hinges
US3370317A (en) * 1964-11-16 1968-02-27 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Door hinges with torsion bar hold-open means
US3371374A (en) * 1966-08-11 1968-03-05 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Door hinge embodying torsion bar hold-open means
US3427682A (en) * 1966-12-22 1969-02-18 Chrysler Corp Infinite stop door hinge
US3447191A (en) * 1967-03-06 1969-06-03 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Door check
US3431588A (en) * 1967-04-25 1969-03-11 Ford Motor Co Integrated hinge and door check assembly
US3931664A (en) * 1971-08-11 1976-01-13 Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha Door hinge unit
US3863293A (en) * 1972-03-14 1975-02-04 Aisin Seiki Door hinge mechanism
US3905064A (en) * 1974-04-08 1975-09-16 Scharwaechter Kg Combined door stopper and hinge assembly
DE2420295A1 (en) * 1974-04-26 1975-11-06 Scharwaechter Kg At a tuerscharnier connected tuerfeststeller, kraftwagentueren particular for
DE2529084A1 (en) * 1975-06-30 1977-01-27 Scharwaechter Kg At a hinge-connected tuerfeststeller
DE2907413A1 (en) * 1979-02-26 1980-09-04 Scharwaechter Gmbh Co Kg Motor vehicle door stop or fixer combined with plate hinge - has notching arm and end stop on one half acting with spring on other half
US4266321A (en) * 1979-06-20 1981-05-12 General Motors Corporation Hinge and hold-open assembly
EP0047826B1 (en) * 1980-09-05 1985-02-06 Casma di V. Marinoni & Figli Door closer lockable in an open position
US5074010A (en) * 1989-09-18 1991-12-24 Thunderline Corporation Vehicle door check mechanism
US5152030A (en) * 1990-09-11 1992-10-06 Thunderline Corporation Vehicle door check
US5926917A (en) * 1998-03-26 1999-07-27 Dura Automotive Systems, Inc. Door hinge assembly
US6851159B1 (en) * 1999-10-14 2005-02-08 Edscha Ag Door hinge
US6594859B2 (en) * 2000-02-15 2003-07-22 Oxford Automotive Mecanismes Et Decoupage Fin Hinge assembly for a swinging door of a motor vehicle
US20050086770A1 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-04-28 Watson Earl L. Double pivot concealed hinge
US6938303B2 (en) * 2003-10-22 2005-09-06 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Double pivot concealed hinge

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GB926609A (en) 1963-05-22

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