US2290331A - Door check for automobiles - Google Patents

Door check for automobiles Download PDF

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Publication number
US2290331A
US2290331A US14574937A US2290331A US 2290331 A US2290331 A US 2290331A US 14574937 A US14574937 A US 14574937A US 2290331 A US2290331 A US 2290331A
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United States
Prior art keywords
check
door
bracket
rollers
automobiles
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Rex C Jacobs
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Rex C Jacobs
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Priority to US14574937 priority Critical patent/US2290331A/en
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Publication of US2290331A publication Critical patent/US2290331A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C17/00Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith
    • E05C17/02Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means
    • E05C17/04Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing
    • E05C17/12Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod
    • E05C17/20Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod sliding through a guide
    • E05C17/203Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod sliding through a guide concealed, e.g. for vehicles
    • E05C17/206Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means with a movable bar or equivalent member extending between frame and wing consisting of a single rod sliding through a guide concealed, e.g. for vehicles with elastomeric springs to hold wing open
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S16/00Miscellaneous hardware, e.g. bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance
    • Y10S16/17Checks and closers, holding means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • Y10T16/54025Sliding
    • Y10T16/540253Movement along or parallel to hinge axis
    • Y10T16/540256Movement along or parallel to hinge axis and catch receiving socket
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/61Closure checks
    • Y10T16/625Spring
    • Y10T16/628Rubber
    • Y10T16/6285Rubber cushioned
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/61Closure checks
    • Y10T16/625Spring
    • Y10T16/628Rubber
    • Y10T16/6295Link type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/28Extension link
    • Y10T292/301Friction catch

Description

July 21, 1942. R. c. JACOBS DOOR CHECK FOR AUTOMOBILES Filed June 1, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet l Znvcnfor fax C. cZcos,

July 21, 1942. R. c. JACOBS DOOR CHECK FOR AUTOMOBILES Filed June 1, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ZSpventor 582x C. Jckco Patented July 21, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT 3 OFFICE DOOR CHECK FOR AUTOMOBILES Rex 0. Jacobs, Detroit, Mich.

Application June 1, 1937, Serial No. 145,749

4 Claims.

This invention relates to door checks for automobile doors. It constitutes an improvement on the door checks shown in my prior Patents 2,- 039,960 and 2,039,961 of May 5, 1936; 2,034,905 of May 24., 1936, and my co-pending application Serial No. 133,606, filed March 29, 1937.

The primary object of the present invention is to provide a door check for limiting the swinging movement of an automobile door, the check being constructed to include means for cushioning the act of checking and to yieldably oppose closing movement of the door when it is in its full open position.

Another object of the invention is to provide a door check of the character referred to Which is noiseless in operation. Door checks of the present type usually require lubrication to prevent squeaks, and even in the presence of lubrication, cause vibratory noises due to metal to metal contact of the relatively movable parts. The object of the invention, stated in other words, is to eliminate the necessity of lubrication and also to eliminate vibratory noises.

With the above and other ends in view the invention is more fully disclosed with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a horizontal section;

Fig. 2 is a vertical section;

3 is a section taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2, and

Fig. 4 is a section similar to Fig. l and illustrating the door in its open position.

Like characters of reference are employed throughout to designate corresponding parts.

The numeral I designates a door pillar and 2 a door hingedly connected thereto. Mounted in the door pillar is a fixed bracket 3 to which a check, generally designated 4, is pivotally connected. The check 4 extends through an aperture 5 in the vertical edge of the door 2 and also through the opening 6 in a hollow bracket 1 which is attached to the inner face of the vertical edge of the door 2.

Mounted in the hollow bracket 1 are two parallel plates 8 and each plate has a pair of slots 9 therein. Round pins I!) have opposite ends received in respective slots 9 in respective plates 8 and are backed by rubber springs H. Wear plates l2 of metal are interposed between respective pins 10 and respective cushions II and the springs I I function to force the pins toward each other. The check 4 extends between the pins l0 and is engaged on opposite sides thereby and as the door is moved from the position shown in Fig. 1 to that shown in Fig. 4 the check moves relative to the pins [0. The check 4 is recessed on opposite sides, as

designated at l3, and with the door closed as shown in Fig. 1, the rollers I0 engage the low parts of respective recesses I3. The check 4 has a portion I4 of uniform thickness and which, as viewed in plan as shown in Figs. 1 and 4 is curved in the direction of opening movement of the door. Adjacent its outer end the check has opposed recesses I5 from which the outwardly diverging surfaces l6 extend to the head 11. The head I! has laterally extending shoulders 18 whose combined width is greater than the width of the bracket opening 6.

In operation, as the door 2 is swung from the position shown in Fig. 1 toward that shown in Fig. 4, the pins 10 engage opposite sides of the door check 4. As the pins engage the diverging surfaces [6 they are forced apart; and the springs II is resiliently opposing spreading of the pins l0, tend to cushion the checking of swinging movement of the door. If the momentum of the door is so great that the springs II and pins l 0 are not capable of checking its movement, the shoulders l8 contact the bracket 1 and positively check its movement.

After the door has been opened, the pins l0 engage in respective recesses l5 and yieldably oppose closing of the door.

Although a specific embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described it will be understood that various changes may be made within the scope of the appended claims Without departing from the spirit of the invention and such changes are contemplated.

What I claim is:

1. Apparatus of the character described comprising a bracket having an opening, a check extending through said opening, parallel slotted plates in said bracket, rollers having their opposite ends received in respective slots of respective plates, resilient means urging said rollers into contact with opposite sides of said check, and diverging surfaces on said check adapted to be engaged by said rollers.

2. Apparatus of the character described comprising a bracket having an opening, a check extending through said opening, parallel slotted plates in said bracket, rollers having their opposite ends received in respective slots of respective plates, resilient means urging said rollers into contact with opposite sides of said check, diverging surfaces on said check adapted to be engaged by said rollers, and a head on the end prising a bracket having an opening, a check extending through said opening, parallel slotted plates in said bracket, rollers having their opposite ends received in respective slots of respective plates, resilient means urging said rollers into contact with opposite sides of said check, notches in said check adapted to be engaged by said rollers, diverging surfaces on said check adapted to be engaged by said rollers, and a head on the end of said check, said head being larger than the opening in said bracket.

REX C. JACOBS

US14574937 1937-06-01 1937-06-01 Door check for automobiles Expired - Lifetime US2290331A (en)

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Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2473359A (en) * 1947-09-30 1949-06-14 Robert L Brown Door check device
US2476182A (en) * 1946-09-24 1949-07-12 Carey Mcfall Company Door check
US2722035A (en) * 1952-05-29 1955-11-01 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Automobile door hinge embodying hold-open means
DE937758C (en) * 1953-04-21 1956-01-12 Ford Werke Ag Parking brake and brake for the wings of doors, especially on motor vehicles
US2769197A (en) * 1950-11-06 1956-11-06 Travis Door check structure
US2773278A (en) * 1952-05-10 1956-12-11 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Automobile door hinge embodying hold-open means
DE1116984B (en) * 1957-09-06 1961-11-09 Lemfoerder Metallwaren Gmbh Tuerfeststeller for motor vehicles
FR2378161A1 (en) * 1977-01-24 1978-08-18 Scharwaechter Gmbh Co Kg Portiere retainer for motor vehicles
DE2944766A1 (en) * 1979-11-06 1981-05-14 Scharwaechter Gmbh Co Kg Motor vehicle door position fixer - has round brake rollers mounted in holders only along outside end parts
US4670941A (en) * 1985-12-13 1987-06-09 Ford Motor Company Door hinge with an annular elastomeric check
DE4015874A1 (en) * 1990-05-17 1991-08-08 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Stay for holding motor vehicle door open - has roller which is pressed into recess by elastic block
US5152030A (en) * 1990-09-11 1992-10-06 Thunderline Corporation Vehicle door check
US5862570A (en) * 1996-06-10 1999-01-26 Chrysler Corporation Self locating check arm assembly
US6370732B1 (en) 2000-09-06 2002-04-16 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US6467126B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2002-10-22 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US6513193B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2003-02-04 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US20030093878A1 (en) * 2001-11-21 2003-05-22 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Hinge structure of a vehicle door
US6687953B1 (en) 2000-10-13 2004-02-10 Ventra Group Inc. Torsion spring door check device
US6901630B2 (en) 1998-08-07 2005-06-07 Ventra Group, Inc. Door check device
DE102004016138A1 (en) * 2004-04-01 2005-10-20 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Automotive door stay dampening profile has a head with gusset transition to guide rod collar with countersunk hole
US20060150367A1 (en) * 2005-01-13 2006-07-13 Katsuhiro Matsuki Door checker for automobile
US20060150366A1 (en) * 2005-01-13 2006-07-13 Katsuhiro Matsuki Door checker for automobile
US20080066260A1 (en) * 2004-08-30 2008-03-20 M.T.M. Pty Ltd. Door Check
US20090293228A1 (en) * 2005-06-20 2009-12-03 Seiji Sasa Door Hinge With Checker
US20140041154A1 (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-02-13 Mitsui Kinzoku Act Corporation Check link apparatus
US20140318023A1 (en) * 2013-04-30 2014-10-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Strain distribution check link assembly
US20150252599A1 (en) * 2014-03-04 2015-09-10 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Vehicle door checker
US20150292251A1 (en) * 2011-10-11 2015-10-15 Andre Prieur Door stop device
US10392849B2 (en) 2017-01-18 2019-08-27 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Assembly and method to slow down and gently close door

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2476182A (en) * 1946-09-24 1949-07-12 Carey Mcfall Company Door check
US2473359A (en) * 1947-09-30 1949-06-14 Robert L Brown Door check device
US2769197A (en) * 1950-11-06 1956-11-06 Travis Door check structure
US2773278A (en) * 1952-05-10 1956-12-11 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Automobile door hinge embodying hold-open means
US2722035A (en) * 1952-05-29 1955-11-01 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Automobile door hinge embodying hold-open means
DE937758C (en) * 1953-04-21 1956-01-12 Ford Werke Ag Parking brake and brake for the wings of doors, especially on motor vehicles
DE1116984B (en) * 1957-09-06 1961-11-09 Lemfoerder Metallwaren Gmbh Tuerfeststeller for motor vehicles
FR2378161A1 (en) * 1977-01-24 1978-08-18 Scharwaechter Gmbh Co Kg Portiere retainer for motor vehicles
DE2944766A1 (en) * 1979-11-06 1981-05-14 Scharwaechter Gmbh Co Kg Motor vehicle door position fixer - has round brake rollers mounted in holders only along outside end parts
EP0228806A3 (en) * 1985-12-13 1987-11-04 Ford Motor Company Limited Door hinge with elastomeric check
EP0228806A2 (en) * 1985-12-13 1987-07-15 Ford Motor Company Limited Door hinge with elastomeric check
US4670941A (en) * 1985-12-13 1987-06-09 Ford Motor Company Door hinge with an annular elastomeric check
DE4015874A1 (en) * 1990-05-17 1991-08-08 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Stay for holding motor vehicle door open - has roller which is pressed into recess by elastic block
US5152030A (en) * 1990-09-11 1992-10-06 Thunderline Corporation Vehicle door check
US5862570A (en) * 1996-06-10 1999-01-26 Chrysler Corporation Self locating check arm assembly
US6901630B2 (en) 1998-08-07 2005-06-07 Ventra Group, Inc. Door check device
US6467126B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2002-10-22 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US6513193B1 (en) 2000-07-21 2003-02-04 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US6370732B1 (en) 2000-09-06 2002-04-16 Daimlerchrysler Corporation Door check mechanism providing an infinite number of stable positions
US6687953B1 (en) 2000-10-13 2004-02-10 Ventra Group Inc. Torsion spring door check device
US20030093878A1 (en) * 2001-11-21 2003-05-22 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Hinge structure of a vehicle door
DE102004016138A1 (en) * 2004-04-01 2005-10-20 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Automotive door stay dampening profile has a head with gusset transition to guide rod collar with countersunk hole
US7793387B2 (en) * 2004-08-30 2010-09-14 M.T.M. Pty Ltd. Door check
US20080066260A1 (en) * 2004-08-30 2008-03-20 M.T.M. Pty Ltd. Door Check
US7383614B2 (en) * 2005-01-13 2008-06-10 Rikenkaki Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Door checker for automobile
US7143473B2 (en) * 2005-01-13 2006-12-05 Rikenkaki Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Door checker for automobile
US20060150367A1 (en) * 2005-01-13 2006-07-13 Katsuhiro Matsuki Door checker for automobile
US20060150366A1 (en) * 2005-01-13 2006-07-13 Katsuhiro Matsuki Door checker for automobile
US20090293228A1 (en) * 2005-06-20 2009-12-03 Seiji Sasa Door Hinge With Checker
US20150292251A1 (en) * 2011-10-11 2015-10-15 Andre Prieur Door stop device
US9567787B2 (en) * 2011-10-11 2017-02-14 Andre Prieur Door stop device
US10329810B2 (en) * 2012-08-10 2019-06-25 Mitsui Kinzoku Act Corporation Check link apparatus
US20140041154A1 (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-02-13 Mitsui Kinzoku Act Corporation Check link apparatus
US9068388B2 (en) * 2013-04-30 2015-06-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Strain distribution check link assembly
US20140318023A1 (en) * 2013-04-30 2014-10-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Strain distribution check link assembly
US20150252599A1 (en) * 2014-03-04 2015-09-10 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Vehicle door checker
US9316032B2 (en) * 2014-03-04 2016-04-19 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Vehicle door checker
US10392849B2 (en) 2017-01-18 2019-08-27 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Assembly and method to slow down and gently close door

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