US3003418A - Livestock marking bullet - Google Patents

Livestock marking bullet Download PDF

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Publication number
US3003418A
US3003418A US80049659A US3003418A US 3003418 A US3003418 A US 3003418A US 80049659 A US80049659 A US 80049659A US 3003418 A US3003418 A US 3003418A
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Prior art keywords
shell
livestock
marking
bullet
primary
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Expired - Lifetime
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Wendell M Young
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Wendell M Young
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/36Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information
    • F42B12/40Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information of target-marking, i.e. impact-indicating type

Description

Oct. 10, 1961 w. M. YOUNG 3, 0 4

LIVESTOCK MARKING BULLET Filed March 19, 1959 I INVENTOR. WENDELL M You/vs W A 7' TORNEY L Z M United States Patent Ofi ice Patented Oct. 10, 1961 3,003,418 LIVESTOCK MARKING BULLET Wendell M. Young, Berlin, N. Dak.

Filed Mar. 19, 1959, Ser. No. 800,496 2 Claims. (Cl. 102-38) My invention relates to improvements in animal marking devices and has for its primary object the provision of a novel marking bullet which may be fired from a conventional barrel-equipped firearm.

A further object of my invention is the provision of a device of the class immediately above described which may be used to accurately mark livestock from a considerable distance for subsequent identification and/ or segregation.

A further object of my invention is the provision of a device of the class above described which may be used on livestock without possibility of fracturing the hide or otherwise injuring same.

A further object of my invention is the provision of a device of the class described which is inexpensive to produce and foolproof in its operation.

The above and still further objects of my invention will become apparent from the following detailed specification, appended claims and attached drawings.

Referring to the drawings wherein like characters indicate like parts throughout the several views:

FIG. 1 is a view in perspective illustrating the method of use of my invention in the marking of livestock;

FIG. 2 is a view in side elevation of my novel marking bullet;

FIG. 3 is a view in front end elevation of my invention; and

FIG. 4 is a view in axial section as seen from the line 4-4 of FIG. 3.

Referring with greater particularly to the drawings, the numeral 1 indicates in its entirety my novel marking bullet, including a primary shell 2 formed in part or in whole from metal or other material having a relatively high tensile strength. The primary shell 2 has a cylindrical wall 3, a closed inner end 4 containing a conventional cap 5, and has an open outer end identified by the numeral 6. Contained within the inner end portion of the primary shell 2 is an adequate supply of gun powder 7; whereas a suitable amount of wadding, identified by the numeral 8, is contained within the intermediate portion thereof.

Telescopically received within primary shell 2 and frictionally retained against accidental removal with respect thereto is a secondary shell 9, in the nature of a projectile. The shell 9 likewise has a cylindrical outer wall 10, a circular inner wall 11 which is normally seated snug against the wadding 8, and a forwardly projecting outer end portion identified in its entirety by the numeral 12. Preferably, the projectile-forming secondary shell 9 is formed from flexible plastic material, such as polyethylene, and has its projected forward end 12 formed to define a forwardly opening V-shaped notch 13 which extends transversely therethrough, the bottom 14 thereof inter secting the longitudinal axis of the shells 2, 9.

p The secondary shell 9 is normally fluid tight and contains therewithin a suitable liquid die, such as red paint or the like, indicated by the numeral 15. To facilitate release of the die 15 upon impact of the shell 9 against the hide of a cow or the like A brought within the sights of a conventional barrel-equipped firearm B in which my novel marking bullet 1 has been placed, and from which the projectile-forming shell 9 has been discharged, the material from which the shell 9 is formed is greatly weakened at the bottom 14 of the notch 13. To further facilitate spreading action of the opposite side portions 16 defined by the V-shaped notch 13 so as to release the die fluid 15 at the point of severance 14, without causing penetration of the hide of the animal A, the leading edges of the portion 16 are blunted as at 17.

My invention has been thoroughly tested and found to be completely satisfactory for the accomplishment of the above objects, and while I have shown a preferred em bodiment thereof, I wish it to be understood that same may be capable of modification without departure from the scope and spirit of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. In a device of the class described, a cylindrical primary shell having a closed rear end and an open front end and formed from a material having a relatively high tensile strength, a primer cap in the closed rear end of said primary shell, gunpowder in the closed rear end portion of said primary shell adjacent said cap, wadding in the intermediate portion of said primary shell, and a cylindrical secondary shell formed from flexible plastic material and telescopically received within the open front end of said primary shell and frictionally retained therein with its rear end seated against said wadding and its front end projecting axially outwardly therefrom, said secondary shell being filled with liquid dye and having its projected front end formed to provide a forwardly opening V-shaped notch which extends diametrically thereacross, the bottom of said notch intersecting the axis of said primary and secondary shells and forwardly with respect to the front end of said primary shell.

2. The structure defined in claim 1, in which the leading edges defined by the V-shaped notch are blunted to discourage penetration and to facilitate severance of said secondary shell along the bottom of said notch.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

US3003418A 1959-03-19 1959-03-19 Livestock marking bullet Expired - Lifetime US3003418A (en)

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US3003418A US3003418A (en) 1959-03-19 1959-03-19 Livestock marking bullet

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3127836A (en) * 1962-04-24 1964-04-07 Olin Mathieson Abattoir device
US3232221A (en) * 1963-06-28 1966-02-01 Burroughs Corp Explosive marking and printing apparatus
FR2518252A1 (en) * 1981-12-14 1983-06-17 Chabard Jean P Ammunition for training or leisure sports - where only soft marking mass reaches target and does not injure user
US5121692A (en) * 1989-08-18 1992-06-16 Dicarlo James M Non-lethal, non-penetrating training bullet and cartridge with impact marking capability
US6524286B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-02-25 Gordon O. Helms Medical application system for animals
US6575098B2 (en) * 2000-07-10 2003-06-10 The 205Th Arsenal, Combined Service Forces Practice cartridge
US6584910B1 (en) * 2002-04-19 2003-07-01 David J. Plass Animal syringe system
US20080011152A1 (en) * 2006-07-11 2008-01-17 Peter Weiss Device for disrupting improvised explosive devices (IEDS)
CN101852575A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-10-06 广州中国科学院工业技术研究院 Bullet for shooting liquid ammunition and device for shooting liquid ammunition

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1122738A (en) * 1914-06-09 1914-12-29 Union Metallic Cartridge Co Target-bullet.
US1517554A (en) * 1923-03-17 1924-12-02 Gordon S Fulcher Ammunition
GB288724A (en) * 1927-01-13 1928-04-13 Thomas Black Callard Improvements in and relating to cartridges for small-arms
US2682770A (en) * 1949-04-11 1954-07-06 Greyhound Corp Means for testing the efficiency of vehicle brakes
US2918868A (en) * 1955-04-30 1959-12-29 Ringdal Lars Cartridge

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1122738A (en) * 1914-06-09 1914-12-29 Union Metallic Cartridge Co Target-bullet.
US1517554A (en) * 1923-03-17 1924-12-02 Gordon S Fulcher Ammunition
GB288724A (en) * 1927-01-13 1928-04-13 Thomas Black Callard Improvements in and relating to cartridges for small-arms
US2682770A (en) * 1949-04-11 1954-07-06 Greyhound Corp Means for testing the efficiency of vehicle brakes
US2918868A (en) * 1955-04-30 1959-12-29 Ringdal Lars Cartridge

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3127836A (en) * 1962-04-24 1964-04-07 Olin Mathieson Abattoir device
US3232221A (en) * 1963-06-28 1966-02-01 Burroughs Corp Explosive marking and printing apparatus
FR2518252A1 (en) * 1981-12-14 1983-06-17 Chabard Jean P Ammunition for training or leisure sports - where only soft marking mass reaches target and does not injure user
US5121692A (en) * 1989-08-18 1992-06-16 Dicarlo James M Non-lethal, non-penetrating training bullet and cartridge with impact marking capability
US6524286B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-02-25 Gordon O. Helms Medical application system for animals
US6575098B2 (en) * 2000-07-10 2003-06-10 The 205Th Arsenal, Combined Service Forces Practice cartridge
US6584910B1 (en) * 2002-04-19 2003-07-01 David J. Plass Animal syringe system
US20080011152A1 (en) * 2006-07-11 2008-01-17 Peter Weiss Device for disrupting improvised explosive devices (IEDS)
US7481146B2 (en) * 2006-07-11 2009-01-27 Peter Weiss Device for disrupting improvised explosive devices (IEDS)
CN101852575A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-10-06 广州中国科学院工业技术研究院 Bullet for shooting liquid ammunition and device for shooting liquid ammunition
CN101852575B (en) 2010-02-10 2013-12-04 广州中国科学院工业技术研究院 Bullet for shooting liquid ammunition and device for shooting liquid ammunition

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