US2999180A - Electric lamps - Google Patents

Electric lamps Download PDF

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Publication number
US2999180A
US2999180A US671359A US67135957A US2999180A US 2999180 A US2999180 A US 2999180A US 671359 A US671359 A US 671359A US 67135957 A US67135957 A US 67135957A US 2999180 A US2999180 A US 2999180A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
pinch
lamp
bulb
lead wires
glass
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US671359A
Inventor
Howles Donald Arthur
Wright John Willoughby Thomas
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
British Thomson-Houston Co Ltd
Original Assignee
British Thomson-Houston Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB2565555A priority Critical patent/GB797441A/en
Priority to GB2192256A priority patent/GB806666A/en
Application filed by British Thomson-Houston Co Ltd filed Critical British Thomson-Houston Co Ltd
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2999180A publication Critical patent/US2999180A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01KELECTRIC INCANDESCENT LAMPS
    • H01K1/00Details
    • H01K1/42Means forming part of the lamp for the purpose of providing electrical connection, or support for, the lamp
    • H01K1/44Means forming part of the lamp for the purpose of providing electrical connection, or support for, the lamp directly applied to, or forming part of, the vessel

Description

p 1961 D. A. HOWLES ET AL 2,999,180

ELECTRIC LAMPS Fild July 11, 1957 IN VEN TORS DONHLD HRTHUR HOWLEJ JOHN W/LLOUGHBY 77/0 FIGHT n-r-r-oR E/ United Stat Pat n 2,999,180 ELECTRIC LAMPS Donald Arthur Howles and John Willoughby Thomas Wright, Leicester, England, assignors to The British Thomson-Houston Company. Limited, London, Eng-' land, a British company Filed July *11, 1957, Ser. No. 671,359

Claims priority, application Great Britain July 16, 1956 6 Claims. (Cl. 313-318) For lamps capable of passing a heavier current than,

that originally envisaged in the above referred to application lead wires of correspondingly larger diameter are.

employed. It maybe somewhat disadvantageous to return the ends of lead wires which have a diameter greater than 0.12" into the seal. The formation of loops and the subsequent bending of the loop portions raises problems due to the inherent stiffness of the wire and difliculty is experienced in getting the loops to nestle against the pinch, during which steps cracking the glass of which the pinch is formed is to be avoided.

We have now found that suitable contacts may be formed merely by bending the lead Wire tails back against the surface of the pinch leaving the free ends unsecured and relying on the rigidity of the heavier gauge wire to achieve positional stability of the contacts.

According to the present invention therefore, a capless electric lamp is provided which comprises a glass bulb, a flattened glass pinch sealed to close the bulb, a plurality of lead wires brought out through the glass pinch and bent back against the surface thereof to form contacts which are preferably flattened down on to said surface, said lead wires being of such thickness that the contacts are rigidly supported at the points at which the lead wires emerge from the glass pinch.

The invention may be better understood from the following description read with the accompanying drawing in which FIGURES l, 2 and 3 show three embodiments of a single filament lamp constructed in accordance with the present invention, and in which FIG. 4 is a plan view of the under side of the lamp illustrated in FIG. 1 showing the flattened glass pinch of the type used in connection with all of the lamps illustrated in the drawlug.

In the figures the invention is illustrated by a lamp; which comprises a glass bulb 1 the neck portion of which is formed into an external flattened pinch 4. A filament mount comprises a pair of lead wires 2 of a diameter rather larger than that usually encountered in lamps of this type maintained in spaced-apart relationship by a glass bead 3. As is well known in the art the wire from which the lead Wires 2 are formed is made compatible with the glass of the bulb, that is to say their relative coefficients of thermal expansion are matched to.

a considerable degree. In the manufacture of the lamps illustrated the lead wires 2 are introduced into the bulb 1 and an exhaust tube 6 is then introduced into the neck, which tube is maintained in position during the subsequent pinching operation of the neck portion of the bulb 1. In order that the exhaust tube 6 remains open at its inserted end during the pinching operation we have found that it assists in preventing the collapse of the exhaust tube to provide therein means such as a thin metal sleeve, rod of porous material -(e.g.iasbestos or carbon) 'or a coatingjof refractory material such as zirconium dioxide powder.

After the pinch 4 has been formed, those portions of.

the lead wires 2 external to the pinch are bent over against the side faces of the pinch in the manner shown:

in FIGURE 1. In FIGURE 1 the tail portions 5 of lead wires 2 are bent in opposite directions across the base of the pinch 4 and then upwards on each side face thereof. For convenience the lead wire tails are made long enough for their ends to be turned over into horizontal notches 7 formed on each side face of the pinch.

By this means the positional stability of the lead wire contacts due to their stiffness is supplemented.

, Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 3 the tail portions 5 of lead wires 2 are brought up round the end faces 8' of the pinch to leave the side faces of the pinch 4 entirley unobstructed to facilitate holding the lamp more rigidly in its holder should this be required.

The two horizontal notches 7 are formed in the glass pinch 4 during the pinching operation on the bulb side of the seal so that a spring clip type of holder which is envisaged for use with the lamp as well as making electrical contact with the tail portions 5 of the lead wires Zcan be so designed to locate with these notches to hold the lamp in position. In FIG. 3 the notches extend round the end faces of the pinch 4 if it is desired to tuck the lead wire tails 5 into it. Although notches are to move the position of thenotches 7 to across approximately the middle of the pinch 4.

In pressing the pinch itself it is preferred to place some restriction to lateral flow as the jaws close on the faces of the pinch in order to square up the ends of the pinch.

Lateral movement of the lamp in the holder can be restricted if desired by providing a suitable location on the faces (or ends) of the pinchperpendicular to the notches.

While we have described a lamp of the incandescent type it will be apparent that inasmuch as the invention relates more specifically to the base of the lamp the ends of the leads within the bulb need not be terminated by a filament but could for the purposes of making a neon indicator lamp or the like be the basis of a pair of electrodes.

The design and manufacture of the lamp according to the present invention offers several advantages among which are a shorter overall length for a given bulb size, and lower cost due to a reduction in the number of parts and steps in the process of making a complete lamp and no two-part lead.

What we claim is:

1. A capless electric lamp comprising a glass bulb, an external glass pinch sealed to close said bulb and having opposed flat surfaces and formed with a transverse notch on each of said opposed flat surfaces engageable by cooperating parts of a suitable holder for correctly 10- cating said lamp within the holder, and a plurality of relatively thick lead wires which enter said bulb through said pinch and which have external free end portions bent back against the flat surfaces of said pinch to Patented Sept. 5,1961

provide lamp contacts, the thickness of said lead wires being such that each of said contacts is finmly supported against a flat pinch surface solely from the point at which the respective lead wire enters said pinch.

2. A capless electric lamp comprising a glass bulb, an external glass pinch sealed to close said bulb and having opposed fiat surfaces and formed with a transverse notch on each of said opposed flat surfaces engageable by cooperating parts of a suitable holder for correctly locating said lamp within the holder, and a pair of relatively thick lead wires which enter said bulb through said pinch and which have external free end portions bent back against respective fiat side faces of said pinch to provide lamp contacts, the thickness of said lead wires being such that each of said contacts is firmly supported against a flat side face solely from the point where the respective lead wire enters said glass pinch.

3. A capless electric lamp comprising a glass bulb, an external glass pinch sealed to close said bulb and having opposed flat surfaces and formed with a transverse notch on each of said opposed flat surfaces engageable by co-operating parts of a suitable holder for correctly locating said lamp within the holder, and a pair of relatively thick lead Wires which enter said bulb through said pinch and which have external free end portions bent back against respective flat end faces of said pinch to provide lamp contacts, the thickness of said lead wires being such that each of said contacts is firmly supported against a flat end face solely from the point where the respective lead wire enters said pinch.

4. A capless electric lamp comprising a glass bulb, an external glass pinch sealed to close said bulb and having opposed flat surfaces and formed with a transverse notch on each of said opposed flat surfaces engageable by co-operating parts of a suitable holder for correctly locating said lamp within the holder, a pair of relatively thick lead wires which enter said bulb through said pinch and which have external free end portions bent back and flattened against respective flat side faces of said pinch to provide lamp contacts, the thickness of said lead wires being such that each of said contacts is firmly supported against a flat side face solely from the points where the respective lead wire enters said pinch.

5. A capless electric lamp comprising a glass bulb, an external glass pinch sealed to close said bulb and having fiat opposed surfaces and including transverse notch means on said flat opposed surfaces engageable by cooperating parts of a suitable holder for correctly 10- cating said lamp Within the holder, and a plurality of relatively thick lead wires which enter said bulb through said pinch and which have external free end portions bent back against the fiat surfaces of said pinch to prov-ide lamp contacts, the thickness of said lead wires being such that each of said contacts is firmly supported against a fiat surface solely from the point where the respective lead wire enters said pinch.

6. A capless electric lamp comprising a glass bulb, an external glass pinch sealed to close said bulb and having flat opposed surfaces and formed with a trans:

verse notch on each of its flat side faces engageable by cooperating parts of a suitable holder for correctly 10- cating said lamp within the holder, and a pair of relatively thick lead wires which enter said bulb through the base of said pinch and which have external free end portions respectively bent back and flattened against said flat side faces to provide lamp contacts, the tips of said free ends being turned over into the respective notches and the thickness of the lead wires being such that each of said lamp contacts is firmly supported against a flat side face of said pinch solely from the point where the respective lead wire enters said pinch.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

US671359A 1955-09-07 1957-07-11 Electric lamps Expired - Lifetime US2999180A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB2565555A GB797441A (en) 1955-09-07 1955-09-07 Improvements in and relating to electric lamps
GB2192256A GB806666A (en) 1955-09-07 1956-07-16 Improvements in and relating to electric lamps

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2999180A true US2999180A (en) 1961-09-05

Family

ID=26255602

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US608019A Expired - Lifetime US2937308A (en) 1955-09-07 1956-09-05 Electric lamps
US671359A Expired - Lifetime US2999180A (en) 1955-09-07 1957-07-11 Electric lamps

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US608019A Expired - Lifetime US2937308A (en) 1955-09-07 1956-09-05 Electric lamps

Country Status (6)

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US (2) US2937308A (en)
BE (2) BE559256A (en)
DE (2) DE1043502B (en)
FR (2) FR1156184A (en)
GB (1) GB806666A (en)
NL (2) NL105238C (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3118717A (en) * 1960-04-11 1964-01-21 Horan John Joseph Elastic lamps, constructions, mountings and receptacles
US3206713A (en) * 1962-03-21 1965-09-14 John J Horan Lamp having resilient terminals
US3218500A (en) * 1959-06-29 1965-11-16 Hunting Eng Ltd Plastic material covered lamp with panel push-fit mounting means
US3265923A (en) * 1963-03-19 1966-08-09 Westinghouse Electric Corp Baseless double-ended electric incandescent lamp
US3270237A (en) * 1963-06-26 1966-08-30 Gen Electric Electric lamp with single ended pinch seal
US3286218A (en) * 1963-02-18 1966-11-15 Ass Elect Ind Electric incandescent lamps
US3341803A (en) * 1964-10-28 1967-09-12 Carlos Roberto P Bustamante Combination electrical conduit and bulb socket
US3369144A (en) * 1963-12-17 1968-02-13 Rival Lamps Ltd Capless lamps
US3523274A (en) * 1966-09-07 1970-08-04 John J Horan Simplified lamp and structure coaction system
US3673453A (en) * 1969-05-02 1972-06-27 Philips Corp Electric lamp comprising a lamp base of a synthetic material
US3857056A (en) * 1973-10-26 1974-12-24 Gen Motors Corp Wedge base light bulb
US3904909A (en) * 1972-11-09 1975-09-09 Thorn Electrical Ind Ltd Pinch-sealed electric lamps
US4139794A (en) * 1976-11-26 1979-02-13 General Electric Company Wedge-pin glass halogen lamp with transverse reference feature

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3016727A (en) * 1959-04-02 1962-01-16 Gen Electric Flash lamp
US3197668A (en) * 1960-04-11 1965-07-27 John J Horan Lamp with resilient contact terminals
GB1007244A (en) * 1963-04-04 1965-10-13 Ass Elect Ind Improvements relating to electric incandescent lamps
JPS4842783Y1 (en) * 1969-12-06 1973-12-11
US3979627A (en) * 1975-04-28 1976-09-07 Gte Sylvania Incorporated Electric lamp with insulating base
DE7619712U1 (en) * 1976-06-22 1977-12-15 Patent-Treuhand-Gesellschaft Fuer Elektrische Gluehlampen Mbh, 8000 Muenchen Zwerggluehlampe
NL7610860A (en) * 1976-10-01 1978-04-04 Philips Nv Sleeve-in electric bulb.
US5018992A (en) * 1988-05-20 1991-05-28 Gte Products Corporation Wedge lamp and clip
US20090271856A1 (en) 2008-04-24 2009-10-29 Novell, Inc. A Delaware Corporation Restricted use information cards

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US244277A (en) * 1881-07-12 maxim
US2053138A (en) * 1935-06-20 1936-09-01 Gen Electric Miniature incandescent lamp
US2134472A (en) * 1936-05-09 1938-10-25 Guy N Criger Incandescent electric lamp base
US2204204A (en) * 1937-05-13 1940-06-11 Lorenz C Ag Electric discharge device
US2359483A (en) * 1942-10-17 1944-10-03 Gen Electric Vitreous electrical device and its fabrication
US2542326A (en) * 1949-09-01 1951-02-20 Gen Electric Electric lamp and manufacture thereof
US2561520A (en) * 1940-03-27 1951-07-24 Hartford Nat Bank & Trust Co Vacuumtight seal for electrical apparatus and method of forming such seals
US2699659A (en) * 1951-02-03 1955-01-18 Sylvania Electric Prod Photoflash lamp
US2860502A (en) * 1955-06-17 1958-11-18 Philips Corp Electric photographic flash lamp
US2880349A (en) * 1954-06-17 1959-03-31 Eitelmccullough Inc Ceramic electron tube
US2899671A (en) * 1959-08-11 Recessed double contact strip base

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US383675A (en) * 1888-05-29 Edward p
US268270A (en) * 1882-11-28 Joseph v
DE616360C (en) * 1935-07-26 Radioroehrenfabrik G M B H Ham A process for preparing Quetschfuessen to electric light bulbs, and high power consumption Entladungsgefaesse
DE262287C (en) * 1912-07-17
AT127576B (en) * 1929-12-09 1932-04-11 Philips Nv An electric incandescent lamp or discharge tube.
FR745839A (en) * 1931-11-18 1933-05-17
DE632921C (en) * 1932-01-19 1936-07-16 Quarzlampen Gmbh Electrical STRIPLIGHT with the Polgefaesse enclosing caps
NL50924C (en) * 1937-05-15
GB717630A (en) * 1951-07-20 1954-10-27 British Thomson Houston Co Ltd Improvements in and relating to electric incandescent lamps
US2802133A (en) * 1952-03-28 1957-08-06 Sylvania Electric Prod Electron discharge device

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US244277A (en) * 1881-07-12 maxim
US2899671A (en) * 1959-08-11 Recessed double contact strip base
US2053138A (en) * 1935-06-20 1936-09-01 Gen Electric Miniature incandescent lamp
US2134472A (en) * 1936-05-09 1938-10-25 Guy N Criger Incandescent electric lamp base
US2204204A (en) * 1937-05-13 1940-06-11 Lorenz C Ag Electric discharge device
US2561520A (en) * 1940-03-27 1951-07-24 Hartford Nat Bank & Trust Co Vacuumtight seal for electrical apparatus and method of forming such seals
US2359483A (en) * 1942-10-17 1944-10-03 Gen Electric Vitreous electrical device and its fabrication
US2542326A (en) * 1949-09-01 1951-02-20 Gen Electric Electric lamp and manufacture thereof
US2699659A (en) * 1951-02-03 1955-01-18 Sylvania Electric Prod Photoflash lamp
US2880349A (en) * 1954-06-17 1959-03-31 Eitelmccullough Inc Ceramic electron tube
US2860502A (en) * 1955-06-17 1958-11-18 Philips Corp Electric photographic flash lamp

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3218500A (en) * 1959-06-29 1965-11-16 Hunting Eng Ltd Plastic material covered lamp with panel push-fit mounting means
US3118717A (en) * 1960-04-11 1964-01-21 Horan John Joseph Elastic lamps, constructions, mountings and receptacles
US3206713A (en) * 1962-03-21 1965-09-14 John J Horan Lamp having resilient terminals
US3286218A (en) * 1963-02-18 1966-11-15 Ass Elect Ind Electric incandescent lamps
US3265923A (en) * 1963-03-19 1966-08-09 Westinghouse Electric Corp Baseless double-ended electric incandescent lamp
US3270237A (en) * 1963-06-26 1966-08-30 Gen Electric Electric lamp with single ended pinch seal
US3369144A (en) * 1963-12-17 1968-02-13 Rival Lamps Ltd Capless lamps
US3341803A (en) * 1964-10-28 1967-09-12 Carlos Roberto P Bustamante Combination electrical conduit and bulb socket
US3523274A (en) * 1966-09-07 1970-08-04 John J Horan Simplified lamp and structure coaction system
US3673453A (en) * 1969-05-02 1972-06-27 Philips Corp Electric lamp comprising a lamp base of a synthetic material
US3904909A (en) * 1972-11-09 1975-09-09 Thorn Electrical Ind Ltd Pinch-sealed electric lamps
US3857056A (en) * 1973-10-26 1974-12-24 Gen Motors Corp Wedge base light bulb
US4139794A (en) * 1976-11-26 1979-02-13 General Electric Company Wedge-pin glass halogen lamp with transverse reference feature

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE1043502B (en) 1958-11-13
DE1062345B (en) 1959-07-30
GB806666A (en) 1958-12-31
BE559256A (en)
FR1156184A (en) 1958-05-13
US2937308A (en) 1960-05-17
BE550768A (en)
NL109314C (en)
NL105238C (en)
FR71800E (en) 1960-01-19

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