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US2999035A - Heat sensitive reproduction sheet, method of making and method of using - Google Patents

Heat sensitive reproduction sheet, method of making and method of using Download PDF

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US2999035A
US2999035A US79700959A US2999035A US 2999035 A US2999035 A US 2999035A US 79700959 A US79700959 A US 79700959A US 2999035 A US2999035 A US 2999035A
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heat
sensitive
acid
material
carbon
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Sahler Wilhelm
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Keuffel and Esser Co
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D295/00Heterocyclic compounds containing polymethylene-imine rings with at least five ring members, 3-azabicyclo [3.2.2.] nonane, piperazine, morpholine or thiomorpholine rings, having only hydrogen atoms directly attached to the ring carbon atoms
    • C07D295/02Heterocyclic compounds containing polymethylene-imine rings with at least five ring members, 3-azabicyclo [3.2.2.] nonane, piperazine, morpholine or thiomorpholine rings, having only hydrogen atoms directly attached to the ring carbon atoms containing only hydrogen and carbon atoms in addition to the ring hetero elements
    • C07D295/027Heterocyclic compounds containing polymethylene-imine rings with at least five ring members, 3-azabicyclo [3.2.2.] nonane, piperazine, morpholine or thiomorpholine rings, having only hydrogen atoms directly attached to the ring carbon atoms containing only hydrogen and carbon atoms in addition to the ring hetero elements containing only one hetero ring
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41MPRINTING, DUPLICATING, MARKING, OR COPYING PROCESSES; COLOUR PRINTING
    • B41M5/00Duplicating or marking methods; Sheet materials for use therein
    • B41M5/26Thermography ; Marking by high energetic means, e.g. laser otherwise than by burning, and characterised by the material used
    • B41M5/30Thermography ; Marking by high energetic means, e.g. laser otherwise than by burning, and characterised by the material used using chemical colour formers
    • B41M5/32Thermography ; Marking by high energetic means, e.g. laser otherwise than by burning, and characterised by the material used using chemical colour formers one component being a heavy metal compound, e.g. lead or iron

Description

Sept. 5, 1961 w. SAHLER 2,999,035

HEAT SENSITIVE REPRODUCTION SHEET METHOD OF MAKING AND METHOD OF USING Filed March 4, 1959 HEAT SENSITIVE COATING OF FINE PARTICLES OF A HEAVY METAL SALT OF /DITHIOCARBAMIC ACID IN I A BINDER. I wTRANsPARENT BASE HG 2 /TRANSPARENT BASE REFLEX j I I I TIEAT SENSITIVE/COATING E4 E4 m MASTER PRINTED ON ONE IL L 1L OR BOTH sIDEs w w w MASTER PRINTED ON FIG. 3 'ONE sIDE ggm Tfig 7 A 'HEAT SENSITIVE COATING TRANsPARENT BASE I I I I I MASTER PRINTED ON HQ 4 ONE sIDE CONTACT m /TRANSPARENT BASE PRINTING I ,HEAT sENsITIvE COATING I I I I I MA ER RINTED ON sT P 5- -"ONE SIDE CONTACT HEAT sENsITIvE COATING JLTRANSPARENT BASE I I I I I w m w MASTER PRINTED ON 51 9 6 "ONE sIDE PRINTING -TRANSPARENT BASE I312 "HEAT SENSITIVE COATING W HG 7 HEAT SENSITIVE COATING "TRANSPARENT BASE R STAMP INVENTOR WILHE LM SAHLER ATTORNEY United States Patent 2,999,035 HEAT SENSITIVE REPRODUCTION SHEET, METH- OD OF MAKING AND lt/[ETHOD OF USING Wilhelm Sahler, Wiesbaden-Biebrich, Germany, assignor,

by mesne assignments, to Keulfel & Esser Co., Hoboken, N.J., a corporation of New Jersey Filed Mar. 4, 1959, Ser. No. 797,009 Claims priority, application Germany Mar. 8, 1958 18 Claims. (Cl. 117-46) This invention relates to heat sensitive materials for the reproduction of documents and the like. More particularly, the invention relates to heat sensitive materials of the type coated with a substance which upon exposure to sufficient heat undergoes a chemical change which involves a color change.

Heat sensitive materials for reproduction purposes are in use which are coated with a heat sensitive layer including two reactants which at normal room temperatures do not come into reactive relationship with each other, but

upon the application of heat, at least one of the reactants ice Patented Sept. 5, 1961 The said organic residues represented by R comprise alkyl, aralkyl and aryl, which may be substituted by at least one carboxylic, carboxylic ester, alkoxy, or dithiocarbamic acid group,

The nitrogen atom of the dithiocarbamic acid may together with the residues R and R form a ring, such as a piperidine or pyrrolidine ring, which may be substituted by lower alkyl residues.

The preparation of dithiocarbamates suitable for the heat sensitive reproduction coatings provided by the invention is described in the literature. Those heavy metal salts of the dithiocarbamic acids that are not yet known are prepared in analogous manner to the dithiocarbamic acid salts for which instructions are already available. Generally, the preparation of the heat sensitive heavy metal salts of the dithiocarbamic acid in question can be prepared in organic solvents, in aqueous solution or in suspension. Two mols of the primary or secondary amine (which in the interest of a reduced reaction temperature are in solution) are permitted to react with one mol of carbon disulphide. After the reaction mixture has cooled, but before the salt (which is formed with the exsuch as lower alkyl, e.g. methyl, ethyl, propyl, or butyl radicals.

Heavy metal salts suitable for the heat sensitive substance according to the invention are, for example, salts of lead, mercury, tin, bismuth, cadmium, silver, thallium and bivalent iron. The compounds are colorless to pale yellow. Other heavy metal salts such as those of univalent copper, cobalt, and nickel are more deeply colored and therefore of less practical importance for application in the present invention.

The term heavy metal is used herein to relate to a metal (other than an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal of groups Ia and Ila, respectively) or metalloid element which forms adequately stable salts with an acid radical, and particularly with the N-subst-ituted dithiocarbamic acid radicals, and belongs to the fourth or higher period of the periodic table (atomic number=19 upwards). Preferably, the heavy metals of the b-sub-groups or of the transition group (VIII) of the table having an atomic number of at least 26 and at most 83 and being in the lower valence state, e.g. from 1 to 3, are used.

The heat sensitive heaw metal salts of the N-substituted dithiocarbamic acids in question comprise such of the general formula R1 S R I l 0 M wherein:

R stands for hydrogen or a lower alkyl radical,

R stands for an organic residue, and

R and R may join to form a ring which may be substituted with a lower alkyl radical,

M stands for a heavy metal having an atomic number of at least 26 and at most 83 and belonging to the sub group b or the transition group VIII of the periodic table and having a valence state from 1 to 3, and

X stands for an integer equal to the valence of the heavy metal.

The above mentioned lower alkyl radicals are such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, isobutyl, pentyl radicals.

cess amine from the dithiocarbamic acid produced) has precipitated, a solution of a salt of the heavy metal in question is added, e.g. heavy metal chloride or acetate. The heavy metal salt of the dithiocarbamic acid is immediately precipitated. Alternatively, by the addition of alkali hydroxide or ammonia to the mixture of amine and carbon disulphide, the alkali or ammonium salts of the dithiocarbam-i'c acids in question can first be formed and the heavy metal salt of the dithiocarbamate precipitated thereafter by the addition of a heavy metal salt in organic solvents or aqueous solution. The advantage of this latter method is that only one mol of the amine is needed, which is completely used up in the formation of the dithiocarbamic acid.

Formulae 1-13 are examples of dithiocarbamatesuse ful in the present invention and are shown on the attached sheets.

The heavy metal salt of a dithiocarbamate is applied to a suitable base material in the form of a coating including a suitable binding agent which may be a cellulose 1 tate; a polyamide or a silicone resin.

Suitable base materials for the reproduction coatings of the-present invention are sheets and films of transparent materials, e.g. glass, naturally transparent paper, cellulose hydrate film, transparent plastic film, such as those made of polyvinyl chloride, cellulose acetate, poly-. ethylene terephthalate, and other substances in the form of films or sheets and capable of being permeated by light rays. 1

Alternative procedures by which images areproduced by heat-action according to theinvention are as follows:

I'll

(1) A reflex process, in which the material provided with the heat sensitive coating is placed with its coated side against the master or original to be copied, which may have printing or writing on one or both sides. Radi ant heat is applied through the back of the heat sensitive material, for example by means of an infra-red lamp. The more intense the source of energy, the sharper is the image and the shorter the radiation time required. In the heat sensitive coating there is formed a direct, deeply colored mirror-image of the master which can be read correctly through the back of the transparent support.

(2) Masters with printing or typing on one side only can also be copied by the radiation of heat through the master when the latter is in contact with the heat sensitive reproduction coating and it is immaterial whether the heat sensitive reproduction coating has its back or its front in contact with the master.

The duration of heat action for the production of satisfactory heat images which will be sharp and rich in contrast cannot be generally specified. This must be established from case to case. It is dependent on a number of factors such as the type and intensity of the source of energy as well as its distance from the master, the type of base material and the composition of the heat sensitive coating.

(3) The heat sensitive materials of the present invention can also be used to form images by means of a heated stylus or a heated stamp applied to the heat sensitive coating.

The use of the invention will be more clearly brought out as illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein:

FIG. 1 illustrates the heat sensitive material including a coating of fine particles of a heavy metal salt of dithiocarbamic acid in a binder supported on a transparent base.

FIG. 2 illustrates the reflex method of printing in which the heat rays indicated by arrows pass, through the transparent base and the heat sensitive coating and are reflected in differing proportion in accordance with the image on the surface of the master in contact with the heat sensitive coating regardless of whether the master is printed on one or both sides to produce the image on the heat sensitive material.

FIG. 3 illustrates contact printing with the heat sensitive coating of the material being in contact with the image free surface of the master.

FIG. 4 illustrates heat rays passing through a master printed on one side with such printed side of the master in contact with the transparent base and the heat sensitive coating on the opposite surface.

FIG. 5 illustrates contact printing with the master printed on one side and that side in contact with the heat sensitive coating and the heat rays passing through the master.

FIG. 6 illustrates the heat rays passing through the master which is printed on one side with such printed side adjacent the source of heat rays and the printing free side in contact with the transparent base and the heat sensitive coating on the opposite surface.

FIG. 7 illustrates forming images by means of a heated stylus or stamp in contact with the heat sensitive coating.

It has further been found that the heat sensitivity of the heavy metal salts of the dithiocarbamic acids according to the present invention can be improved by adding to the heat sensitive coating amine salts or ammonium salts of readily heat-decomposible acids, i.e. acids whose mole cules are readily split or decomposed by the action of heat. Reproduction coatings modified in this way re quire less heat for the formation of the colored image. The practical significance of this is that the temperature at which color change takes place is lower than in the case of coatings containing the dithiocarbamates of heavy metals. Without any such amine salt or ammonium salt of an acid.

Amine salts and ammonium salts that have proved particularly suitable are those of carbonic acid, carbamic acid, trichloroacetic acid, and tribromoacetic acid, cyanoacetic acid, acetoacetic acid, acetone dicarboxylic acid, mono or dichloromalonic acid and mono or dibrornomalonic acid. Acid amides such as acetamide and benzamide and also symmetrically substituted diarylguanidines, such as N,N'-diphenyl-guanidine and derivatives thereof substituted in the nucleus, can also be used for a similar purpose.

Free amines and guanidines with asymmetric or aliphatic substitution can also he used if the heat sensitive coating composition is to be used soon after its preparation.

A few compounds of the types referred to above are illustrated by Formulae 14-17.

H u HaN-(CH2)6-N-C-O gr 0 CCH;

c=0 a K i a C- Hg (l6) NHa H 0 I ((IIHM /CCH: NH; 0 (bN 2 OH NH CHr-N--O P a The heavy metal salts of dithiocarbamic acids to be used as heat sensitive substances as provided by the invention are stable at normal temperatures and are unafiected by exposure to sunlight. When applied to the base materials they form colorless or lightly colored coatings. Their heat decomposition products are deeply colored so that images rich in contrast are obtained.

The images obtained keep well. If they are required to be protected from any further influence of high temperatures, they can be subjected to a fixing process to convert the amine and ammonia salts of the readily heatdecomposable acids into heat-resistant salts. The images will then remain unafiected by temperatures up to over 150 C. It has been discovered that the fixing can be effected by an acid treatment. In general it is suflicient for a coating which has been subjected to heat to form an image to be exposed to the fumes of volatile acids. Examples' of suitable acids are hydrochloric acid, acetic acid and formic acid. Fixing is also elfected it one of the acids mentioned is rubbed or sprayed on the coated side of the finished heat copy. After drying, the copy is re sistant to the effect of heat within the limits mentioned above.

Examples 1. Lead benzyldithiocarbamate (Formula 1) is prepared by dissolving 53.3 g. of benzyl amine in 700 cc. of methanol and adding with stirring 19 g. of carbon disulphide. to normal, 48 g. of lead acetate dissolved in 100 cc. of water are stirred into the reaction mixture at about 2530 C. The lead benzyldithiocarbamate precipitates, is separated by suction, washed consecutively with water, methanol and ether and dried in the air. white substance are obtained. The product decomposes with black coloration if it is placed for one second ona plate (melting bed) heated to 211 C.

100 g. of the lead benzyldithiocarbamate are suspended in 500 cc. of methylene chloride and ground for two hours in a ball mill. 250 cc. of a 5% solution of ethyl cellulose in methylene chloride are then mixed into the suspension to form suspension A.

200 g. of 1,6-diarninohexane are dissolved in 500 cc. of methanol and with external cooling, carbon dioxide is fed in until precipitation ceases. The precipitated product is 1,6-diaminohexane carbamate corresponding to Formula 14. It is filtered by suction and washed with methylene chloride and is then pure white. After this product has been dried in the air, 100 g. are finely milled in a colloid mill with 500 cc. of methylene chloride and the suspension is mixed with 100 cc. of a 5% solution of ethyl cellulose in methylene chloride to form suspension B.

Suspensions A and B are then thoroughly mixed together. The mixture is applied to naturally transparent paper and dried in moderate heat.

For the production of a heat image the coated transparent paper is placed with its coated side against the master to be copied, e.g. a sheet printed on both sides, and subjected to the action of a powerful infra-red lamp in such manner that the radiation passes through the noncoated side of the heat-sensitive reproduction paper. The heat is heavily absorbed in the printed parts of the master to raise the temperature in the heat sensitive coating adjacent thereto which sets ofi the decomposition reaction in the parts of the heat sensitive coating in contact with the printing. Direct mirror-image reproductions of the master are obtained in brown black, which can be read as correct images through the back of the transparent paper.

So that the copy obtained may be made resistant to further heat action, it is placed in a fume chamber over strong acetic acid at room temperature for three hours.

When the reaction temperature has fallen again 80 g. of pure y-l-n-pentylamine in analogous manner to the lead benzyl dithiocarbamate described in Example 1, is practically colorless and decomposes within a second to form black coloration if it is placed on a plate (melting bed) heated to 134 C. giof this product are finely milled (for three days) in a ball mill in 500 cc. of carbon tetrachloride and then mixed with an equally finely divided suspension of 30 g. of acetamide in 250 cc. of carbon tetrachloride. 250 cc. of a 5% solution of ethyl cellulose in carbon tetrachloride are added to the suspension and the mixture is thoroughly mixed. The mass obtained is ap plied to the side of a cellulose hydrate foil that has been provided with a water-resistant coating and is then dried. By the copying process described in Example 1, dark brown images are obtained. a

(3) For the preparation of lead-N-(carbethoxymethyl)-dit-hiocarbamate corresponding to Formula 10, 14 g. of glycocollethylester hydrochloride are dissolved in a mixture of 50 cc. of methanol and 5 cc. of water and to this mixture a solution of 4 g. of sodium hydroxide in 10 cc. of water is slowly added at +10 C. 7.6 g. of carbon disulphide are then added with thorough cooling and mixing and the reaction mixture is left to stand for an hour during which it is occasionally shaken. The carbon disulphide will then go into solution and the solution will become neutral. The liquid is filtered oif from the common salt that precipitates and cooled to 10 C. 100 cc. of a normal aqueous solution of lead acetate are added with thorough stirring. The colorless lead salt of N-carbethoxymethyl-dithiocarbamic acid precipitates -immedi-* ately. It is separated by suction, filtering suspended in acetone, again separated by suction, Washed in ether and dried in the air. The colorless substance melts with decomposition (black coloration) if placed for one second on a plate (melting bed) heated to C. c

5.6 g. of the lead dithiocarbamate obtained are finely ground in 50 cc. of methylene chloride in a ball mill and the suspension is mixed with a suspension of 4 g. of the benzylamine salt of cyanoacetic acid in 50 cc. ofmethylene chloride similarly prepared in a ball mill; To this mixture 60 cc. of a 5% solution of cellulose acetate (2% ample 1.

(4) Lead benzhydryl-dithiocarbamate corresponding to Formula 6 is obtained if 183 g. of benzhydrylamine are dissolved in 200 cc. of concentrated methanolic ammonia and 200 cc. of ether and 60 cc. of carbon disulphide are added under reflux with cooling by ice. The ammonium salt of benzhydryl dithiocarbamic acid-is formed. A little more ether is then added to the reaction mixture'to complete precipitation and the precipitate is separated by suction filtration and washed with ether. 7

The ammonium salt is dissolved in 1000 cc. of methanol and the resultant solution is run into 1000 cc. of normal aqueous lead acetate solution containing additionally 60 g. of glacial acetic acid, cooling being maintained by the addition of pieces of ice. The precipitated lead salt is separated by suction filtration, suspended in methanol and again separated by suction. It is then suspended in ether, again separated by suction and washed The pure white product is dried in the -air. The substance decomposes within a second with black,

with ether.

8.4 g. of N,N'-diphenylguanidine are finely r'oiindin a ball mill in 100 cc. of carbon tetrachloride to produce Suspension B.

Suspensions A and B are-mixed and to the mixture are 7 added 60 cc. of a solution of ethyl cellulose in carbon tetrachloride, 40 cc. of a solution of 0.6 g. of a ketone resin, e.g. Kunstharz AW 2 of Badische Anilin and Soda-Fabrik, in 40 cc. of ethylene perchloride and 75 cc. of pure ethylene perchoride.

This mixture is applied to transparent paper in a thin layer and dried. If the coated transparent paper is placed in contact with a master in accordance with the instructions given in Example 1 and subjected to the action of radiant heat, a brown-black image of the master is formed.

(5) Mercury-N-benzyl-dithiocarbamate corresponding to Formula 2 is prepared by mixing 10.7 g. of benylamine with 50 cc. of methanol, and adding 6 cc. of carbon disulphide with cooling and following with a solution of 14 g. of mercury-H-chloride in 50 cc. of methanol with thorough stirring. The precipitated colorless mercury salt is purified with methanol and ether and dried in the air, as described in Example 4. The pale yellowish product melts with decomposition (black coloration) within one second if put on a metal plate (melting bed) heated to 166 C.

4.1 g. of mercury-N-benzyl-dithiocarbamate are finely ground in 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride and mixed with the similarly finely ground suspension of 4.2 g. of N,N'- di-phenylguanidine in 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride. To the mixture thus obtained 60 cc. of a 5% solution of ethyl cellulose in carbon tetrachloride are added. A thin coat of this material is applied to transparent paper. The coating is then dried. Deep brown images are obtained by the copying process described in Example 1.

(6) Lead-3-methoxypropyl-dithiocarbamate corresponding to Formula 7 is prepared from 3-n1ethoxypropylamine1 in a manner analogous to that described in Example 1. It melts with decomposition (black coloration) if it is placed for one second on a plate (melting bed) heated at 130 C.

Suspension A.-27 g. of the product are ground in 200 cc. of carbon tetrachloride in a ball mill.

Suspension B.-12 g. of 1,6-diaminohexane are dissolved in a mixture consisting of 200 cc. of a 3% solution of ethyl cellulose in carbon tetrachloride and 600 cc. of pure carbon tetrachloride; dry carbon dioxide is then introduced until saturation is reached. The resultant product is an extremely finely divided suspension of 1,6- diaminohexane carbamate corresponding to Formula 14.

Suspensions A and B are intimately mixed and applied to transparent paper. This heat sensitive reproduction paper gives black images when subjected to the process described in Example 1.

(7) Suspension A.2.8 g. of lead benzyl dithiocarbamate corresponding to Formula 1, the preparation of which is described in Example 1, are finely ground with 25 cc. of benzene in a ball mill.

Suspension B. Lead N-phenylethyldithiocarbamate corresponding to Formula 4 (melting point 170 C., with decomposition within 1 second) is prepared from phenylethylamine in a manner analogous to that described in Example 1. 3 g. of this compound are likewise finely suspended in 25 cc. of benzene by means of a ball mill.

Suspension C.-2 g. of the benzylamine salt of monochloroacetic acid are finely suspended in 20 cc. of benzene.

Suspensions A, B and C are mixed and 50 cc. of a 5% solution of polyvinylcarbazole in benzene and 100 cc. of pure benzene are added to the mixture. The product thus obtained is applied in a thin coating to a glass plate and dried. Black-brown images are obtained if this reproduction material is treated in the manner described in Example 1.

(8) Tin benzyl dithiocarbainate corresponding to Formula 3 is prepared as follows: 10.7 g. of benzylamine are mixed with 50 cc. of methanol; 6 cc. of carbon disulphide are added with stirring and as soon as the benzyl amine salt of benzyldithiocarbamic acid begins to precipitate, 9.5 g. of tin-II-chloride dissolved in 50 cc. of water are added to the reaction mixture with cooling. The pale yellowish tin salt of benzyl-dithiocarbamic acid is separated by suction filtration and washed with methanol and ether. The product is then dried in the air. The pale yellowish product decomposes Without melting if it is put for 1 second on a plate (melting bed) heated to 178 C.

5 g. of tin benzyl dithiocarbamate are finely ground in a ball mill with 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride and then mixed with a finely divided suspension of 6 g. of N,N-diphenylguanidine in 50 cc. of ethylene perchloride.

To this mixture 60 cc. of a 5% solution of ethyl cellulose in carbon tetrachloride and also cc. of pure ethylene perchloride are added and the mixture is thoroughly stirred. When this is coated on a suitable base material, dark brown images are obtained by the process described in Example 1.

(9) Lead-N-(carboxymethyl)-dithiocarbamate corresponding to Formula 9 is prepared by the solution of 22.3 g. of glycocoll hydrochloride in 20 cc. of water and the addition with external cooling of 35 g. potassium hydroxide dissolved in 30 cc. of water. The alkaline solution is then shaken with 15.2 g. of carbon disulphide until the greater part of the carbon disulphide is dissolved. Potassium chloride is precipitated and is filtered off. The filtrate is freed from any remaining carbon disulphide by ether extraction. From the solution of the dipotassium salt of dithiocarbamic acetic acid the di-lead salt is precipitated by careful addition of a solution of 76 g. of crystalline lead acetate in 200 cc. of Water. The lead salt is washed with acetone and ether to form a colorless product. It is then dried in the air. The product decomposes with black coloration if r it is placed for 1 second on a plate (melting bed) heated to 212 C.

8 g. of the lead salt are finely ground in a ball mill together with 50 cc. of ethylene per-chloride and then mixed with a suspension of 4 g. of the acetone dicarboxylic acid salt of piperazine (see Formula 15) in 50 cc. of ethylene perchloride likewise prepared in a ball mill.

To the resultant mixture 60 cc. of a 5% solution of ethyl cellulose in carbon tetrachloride are added and the product is coated upon transparent paper. The coating is dried. If this reproduction paper is used with the process described in Example 1, dark brown images are obtained.

(10) Lead-1,4-diamino-butane-bis-dithiocarbamate corresponding to Formula 8 is obtained if 8.4 g. of 14 diaminobutane are dissolved in 50 cc. of methanol and 12 cc. of carbon disulphide are added to the solution with stirring and external cooling and the mixture is then quickly poured into 50 cc. of a cooled normal lead acetate solution. Colorless lead salt corresponding to Formula 8 precipitates out and is separated by suction, washed consecutively with water, a little methanol and ether and dried in the air. The product decomposes without melting if it is put for one second on a plate (melting bed) heated to 131 C.

4.7 g. of the dry product are finely ground in a ball mill together with 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride. The suspension obtained is mixed with a suspension of 3 g. of the cyanoacetic acid salt of 1,6-diaminohexane (see Formula 16) in 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride. To this mixture 60 cc. of a 5% solution of ethyleellulose in carbon tetrachloride and 75 cc. of pure ethylene perchloride are added. The resultant product is coated upon transparent paper and the coating is then dried. This reproduction paper gives practically black images with the process described in Example 1.

(11) Lead p naphthmethyl dithiocarbamate corresponding to Formula 11 is obtained if 15.7 g. of 2- naphthmethylamine are dissolved in 100 cc. of concentrated methanolic ammonia and 6 cc. of carbon disulphide are added with stirring and external cooling. The reaction mixture is then diluted with three times its quantity of ether (300 cc.) and the ammonium salt of 2- naphthmethyl dithiocarbamic acid thus formed is separated by suction, Washed with ether and dried. The solid product ground for 24 hours in a ball mill with 100 cc. of normal aqueous lead acetate solution. The conversion to the lead salt of Z-naphthmethyl-dithiocaF bamic acid will by this time be complete. The product, which is practically colorless, decomposes without melting (black coloration) if put for one second on a plate (melting bed) heated to 234 C.

The lead salt is separated by suction, suspended in methanol, thoroughly mixed therein, again separated by suction, Washed with ether and dried in the air.

4.4 g. of the product thus obtained are finely ground in a ball mill together with 50 cc. of ethylene perchloride and the resultant suspension is mixed with a suspension of 4.6 g. of Z-naphthmethyl carbamate corresponding to Formula 17 in 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride. To this mixture 60 cc. of a 5% solution of ethyl cellulose in carbon tetrachloride and 75 cc. of pure ethylene perchloride are added. This mixture is coated thinly upon transparent paper and the coating is dried. The reproduction paper thus obtained gives dark brown images when subjected to the process described in Example 1.

(12) Lead piperidino-dithioformate corresponding to washed with methanol and ether, and dried in the air;

The colorless product decomposes with black coloration if it is placed for one second on a plate (melting bed) heated to 254 C.

5.3 g. of the product are finely ground in a ball mill with 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride. 2.5 g. of free 1,6- diaminohexane dissolved in 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride are added to this suspension and the mixture is mixed with 60 cc. of a 5% solution of ethyl cellulose in carbon tetrachloride and with 75 cc. of ethylene perchloride. The resultant product is coated in a thin layer upon transparent pa er and dried. With this reproduction paper black-brown images are obtained by the process described in Example 1. l

(13) Lead-n-dibutyI-dithiocarbamate corresponding to Formula :13 isobtained when 4 g. oi carbon disulphide are added with stirring to a mixture of 6.5 g. of n-dibutylamine and 50 cc. of ethanol and the reaction mixture is cooled to 25 C. and then poured with shaking into a solution of g. of lead acetate in 30 cc. of water. The colorless lead salt of n-dibutyl-dithiocarbamic acid precipitatesout; it is separated by suction, washed with methanol and ether and dried in the air. The'product melts at 76 C.' without decomposition, but decomposes within one second if it is out on a plate (melting bed) heated to 250 C.

6.2 g. of the lead salt are finely ground in a ball mill with 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride. The suspension thus obtained is mixed with a solution of 2.5 g. of free 1,6-diaminohexane in 50 cc. of carbon tetrachloride, 60

cc. of a 5% solution of ethyl cellulose in ethylene perchloride and 75 cc. of pure ethylene perchloride. The product thus obtained is applied in a thin coating to transparent paper and dried. The reproduction paper prepared in this manner gives black-brown images when processed in the manner described in Example 1.

Having thus described the invention what is claimed is: 1. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including at least one heavy metal salt of an N-substituted amino-dithioformic acid of the general formula R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a lower alkyl residue,

R stands for an organic residue selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, substituted alkyl, substituted arytl, and substituted aralkyl radicals, and wherein R and R may join to form a ring which may be substituted by lower alkyl residues,

M is a heavy metal selected from the group consisting of metals of the b-sub-groups and the transition group VIII of the periodic table having an atomic number of at least 26 and at most 83, and

X is an integer equal to the valence of the heavy metal. 2. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including a binding agent and at least one heavy metal salt of an N-substituted aminodithioforrnic acid of the general formula R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a lower alkyl residue,

R stands for an organic residue selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, substituted alkyl, substituted 'aryl, and substituted aralkyl radicals, and wherein R and R may join to form a ring which ma be substituted by lower alkyl residues,

M is a heavy metal selected from the group consisting of metals of the b-sub groups and the transition group VIII of the periodic table having an atomic number of at least 26 and at most 83, and

X is an integer equal to the valence of the heavy metal.

wherein:

wherein 3. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including a binding agent selected from the group consisting of cellulose derivatives, polyvinyl compounds, polyamides and silicone resins and at least one heavy metal salt on an N-substituted aminodithioformic acid of the general formula wherein R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and 4. A heat sensitive material-for the reproduction of imagm comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including at least one heat sensitive substance selected from the group consisting of amine salts and ammonium salts of readily heat-decom- 11 posable acids and heavy metal salts of N-substituted amino-dithioformic acids of the general formula R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a lower alkyl residue,

R stands for an organic residue selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, ara'lkyl, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, and substituted aralkyl radicals, and wherein R and R may join to form a ring which may be substituted by lower alkyl residues,

M is a heavy metal selected from the group consisting of metals of the b-sub-groups and the transition group VIII of the periodic table having an atomic number of at least 26 and at most 83, and

X is an integer equal to the valence of the heavy metal.

5. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including at least one binding agent and at least one heat sensitive substance selected from the group consisting of amine salts and ammonium salts of readily heat-decomposable acids, and a heavy metal salt of N-substituted amino-dithioformic acids of the general formula wherein R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and a lower 'alkyl residue,

R stands for an organic residue selected from the group consisting of 'alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, substituted alkyl, substituted aryl, and substituted aralkyl radicals, and wherein R and R may join to form a ring which may be substituted by lower alkyl residues,

M is a heavy metal selected from the group consisting of metals of the b-sub-groups and the transition group VIII of the periodic table having an atomic number of at least 26 and at most 83, and

X is an integer equal to the valence of the heavy metal.

6. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including lead benzyldithiocarbamate.

7. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including lead-N-(w-phenyln-pentyl)-dithiocarbamate.

8. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated 12 with a heat sensitive layer including lead-N-(carbethoxymethyl) dithiocarbarnate.

9. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including lead benzylhydryldithiocarbamate.

10. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including lead-diphenylmethyldithiocarbamate.

11. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including mercury-N-benzyldithiocarbamate.

12. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet formed coated with a heat sensitive layer including lead benzyldithiocarbamate and 1,6-diamino-hexane.

13. A heat sensitive material for the reproduction of images comprising a base material in sheet form coated with a heat sensitive layer including lead benzylhydryldithiocarbamate and N,N-diphenyl-guanidine.

14. A process for the manufacture of a heat sensitive reproduction material which comprises applying to a support a coating consisting of an N-substituted heavy metal dithiocarbamate, the heavy metal being selected from the group consisting of the heavy metals of the b-sub-groups and the transition group VIII of the periodic table having an atomic number of at least 26 and at most 83, and at least one heat sensitive substance selected from the group consisting of salts of amines and ammonium salts of readily heat-decomposable acids.

15. A process for the manufacture of reproductions which comprises subjecting the heat sensitive material claimed in claim 1 to heat diiferentially in correspondence with the desired image by placing the heat sensitive material and a master one upon the other and exposing the combined material from one side to radiant heat without subjecting to immediate heat radiation the surface carrying the heat sensitive layer.

16. A process for the manufacture of reproductions claimed in claim 15 which comprises contacting the heat sensitive material with a heated surface.

17. A process as claimed in claim 15 which comprises the step of fixing the image formed by subjecting the material to heat by exposing the material to the action of a volatile acid.

18. A process as claimed in claim 15 which comprises the step of fixing the image formed by subjecting the material to heat by exposing the material to the action of vapors of volatile acids selected from the group consisting of formic acid, acetic acid, and hydrochloric acid.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,880,449 Hickman et a1. Oct. 4, 1932 2,626,494 Morrison Ian. 13, 1953 2,663,656 Miller et a1. Dec. 22, 1953

Claims (1)

14. A PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF A HEAT SENSITIVE REPRODUCTION MATERIAL WHICH COMPRISES APPLYING TO A SUPPORT A COATING CONSISTING OF AN N-SUBSTITUTED HEAVY METAL DITHIOCARBAMATE, THE HEAVY METAL BEING SELECTED FROM THE GROUP CONSISTING OF THE HEAVY METALS OF THE B-SUB-GROUPS AND THE TRANSITION GROUP VIII OF THE PERIODIC TABLE HAVING AN ATOMIC NUMBER OF AT LEAST 26 AND AT MOST 83, AND AT LEAST ONE HEAT SENSITIVE SUBSTANCE SELECTED FROM THE GROUP CONSISTING OF SALTS OF AMINES AND AMMONIUM SALTS OF READILY HEAT-DECOMPOSABLE ACIDS.
US2999035A 1958-03-08 1959-03-04 Heat sensitive reproduction sheet, method of making and method of using Expired - Lifetime US2999035A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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DE1958K0034266 DE1100464B (en) 1958-03-08 1958-03-08 Copying layers for the production of images by exposure to heat

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BE (1) BE576280A (en)
DE (1) DE1100464B (en)
FR (1) FR1231069A (en)
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NL (2) NL98320C (en)

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3111423A (en) * 1960-05-16 1963-11-19 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Heat-sensitive copy-sheet
US3157526A (en) * 1962-04-17 1964-11-17 Bemis Bro Bag Co Thermo-sensitive copy sheet and method of making
US3178306A (en) * 1962-04-12 1965-04-13 Orchard Paper Company Thermographic copying sheet and heat sensitive composition
US3223838A (en) * 1962-10-16 1965-12-14 Konishiroku Photo Ind Method for the preparation of relief images by the use of a heat-sensitive sheet
US3234381A (en) * 1962-01-02 1966-02-08 Ibm Method for information handling by the exposure of stretched rubber to a thermal pattern
US3238047A (en) * 1960-11-21 1966-03-01 Itek Corp Data processing media
US3250636A (en) * 1963-01-02 1966-05-10 Xerox Corp Method and apparatus for image reproduction with the use of a reusable heat demagnetizable ferromagnetic imaging layer
US3260613A (en) * 1963-03-15 1966-07-12 Interchem Corp Heat-sensitive sheet for thermographic copying
US3288627A (en) * 1965-08-05 1966-11-29 Addressograph Multigraph Heat-sensitive diazotype material coated sheet
US3301697A (en) * 1960-12-02 1967-01-31 Robert B Russell Thermographic transfer sheet having a support of a paper and plastic coating and the method of use
US3405265A (en) * 1964-12-04 1968-10-08 Gevaert Photo Prod Nv Thermographic copying method and apparatus having means for uniformly pre-heating the copy sheet
US3505093A (en) * 1967-12-01 1970-04-07 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Heat-sensitive copy-sheet containing bis(triphenylphosphine)borohydridocopper (i)
US3513021A (en) * 1966-08-24 1970-05-19 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Electromagnetic-sensitive recording medium
US3537872A (en) * 1963-02-26 1970-11-03 Hisako Kishida Thermographic process
US4036650A (en) * 1974-08-27 1977-07-19 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Heat developable photosensitive material containing compounds of sulfur
US4061836A (en) * 1976-04-13 1977-12-06 Bard Laboratories, Inc. Thermographic recording system
US4061831A (en) * 1976-04-13 1977-12-06 Bard Laboratories, Inc. Thermal recording system
US4460676A (en) * 1980-02-21 1984-07-17 Fabel Warren M Non-impact single and multi-ply printing method and apparatus

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1880449A (en) * 1930-08-07 1932-10-04 Eastman Kodak Co Tropochromic coating
US2626494A (en) * 1950-04-13 1953-01-27 Pak Rapid Inc Packaging machine
US2663656A (en) * 1952-05-15 1953-12-22 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Heat-sensitive copying paper

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1880449A (en) * 1930-08-07 1932-10-04 Eastman Kodak Co Tropochromic coating
US2626494A (en) * 1950-04-13 1953-01-27 Pak Rapid Inc Packaging machine
US2663656A (en) * 1952-05-15 1953-12-22 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Heat-sensitive copying paper

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3111423A (en) * 1960-05-16 1963-11-19 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Heat-sensitive copy-sheet
US3238047A (en) * 1960-11-21 1966-03-01 Itek Corp Data processing media
US3301697A (en) * 1960-12-02 1967-01-31 Robert B Russell Thermographic transfer sheet having a support of a paper and plastic coating and the method of use
US3234381A (en) * 1962-01-02 1966-02-08 Ibm Method for information handling by the exposure of stretched rubber to a thermal pattern
US3178306A (en) * 1962-04-12 1965-04-13 Orchard Paper Company Thermographic copying sheet and heat sensitive composition
US3157526A (en) * 1962-04-17 1964-11-17 Bemis Bro Bag Co Thermo-sensitive copy sheet and method of making
US3223838A (en) * 1962-10-16 1965-12-14 Konishiroku Photo Ind Method for the preparation of relief images by the use of a heat-sensitive sheet
US3250636A (en) * 1963-01-02 1966-05-10 Xerox Corp Method and apparatus for image reproduction with the use of a reusable heat demagnetizable ferromagnetic imaging layer
US3537872A (en) * 1963-02-26 1970-11-03 Hisako Kishida Thermographic process
US3260613A (en) * 1963-03-15 1966-07-12 Interchem Corp Heat-sensitive sheet for thermographic copying
US3405265A (en) * 1964-12-04 1968-10-08 Gevaert Photo Prod Nv Thermographic copying method and apparatus having means for uniformly pre-heating the copy sheet
US3288627A (en) * 1965-08-05 1966-11-29 Addressograph Multigraph Heat-sensitive diazotype material coated sheet
US3513021A (en) * 1966-08-24 1970-05-19 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Electromagnetic-sensitive recording medium
US3505093A (en) * 1967-12-01 1970-04-07 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Heat-sensitive copy-sheet containing bis(triphenylphosphine)borohydridocopper (i)
US4036650A (en) * 1974-08-27 1977-07-19 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Heat developable photosensitive material containing compounds of sulfur
US4061836A (en) * 1976-04-13 1977-12-06 Bard Laboratories, Inc. Thermographic recording system
US4061831A (en) * 1976-04-13 1977-12-06 Bard Laboratories, Inc. Thermal recording system
US4460676A (en) * 1980-02-21 1984-07-17 Fabel Warren M Non-impact single and multi-ply printing method and apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB910511A (en) 1962-11-14 application
NL236864A (en) application
DE1100464B (en) 1961-02-23 application
NL98320C (en) grant
BE576280A (en) grant
FR1231069A (en) 1960-09-26 grant

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