US2976190A - Cigarettes - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2976190A
US2976190A US661748A US66174857A US2976190A US 2976190 A US2976190 A US 2976190A US 661748 A US661748 A US 661748A US 66174857 A US66174857 A US 66174857A US 2976190 A US2976190 A US 2976190A
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cigarette
combustion
metal
particles
paper
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Expired - Lifetime
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US661748A
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Louis C Meyer
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Louis C Meyer
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D1/00Cigars; Cigarettes
    • A24D1/002Cigars; Cigarettes with additives, e.g. for flavouring

Description

L. C. MEYER March 21, 1961 CIGARETTES Filed May 27, 1957 INVENTOR. [OZ/A5 C fife ex" Aria/m2? Patented Mar. 21, 19 61 United States. Patent Office CIGARETTES Louis C. Meyer, Rte. 1, Box 160, Mount Morrison, Colo.

Filed May 27, 1957, Ser. No. 661,748

1 Claim. (Cl. 131-17) This invention relates to a cigarette. One of the principal objections to cigarettes is the intense heat developed at the point of combustion which frees various tars and other deleterious substances, and forms vapors thereof, which are believed to be harmful to a smoker. It appears that if the temperature at and adjacent the area of combustion be reduced, the amount of injurious vapors will be similarly reduced, together with the harmful effects of cigarette smoking. It is, of course, well known that all metals have a relatively low specific heat and that they will absorb heat in proportion to their specific heats. Therefore, if the combustion zone can be brought into close proximity with the surfaces of metallic bodies, the result will be to lower the temperature of the combustion zone.

The principal object of this invention is to provide a cigarette in which the surfaces of metallic bodies will be continuously maintained in and about the zone of combustion of a cigarette to absorb heat therefrom and reduce the overall temperature of the cigarette.

Another object of the invention is to employ a metal for this purpose which will have a relatively low specific heat and which will be relatively light in weight, and to incorporate the metal in the cigarette in such a form that, as the cigarette is consumed, the metal will fall away in and with the cigarette ash so as not to interfere with normal smoking habits.

A further object is to provide a cigarette in which metallic surfaces will be positioned in contact with the tobacco content so that they will act to condense and collect the various nicotine and tar vapors to reduce the amount of the substances reaching the mouth of the smoker.

Other objects and advantages reside in the detail construction of the invention, which is designed for simplicity, economy, and efficiency. These will become more apparent from the following description.

In the following detailed description of the invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawing which forms a part hereof. Like numerals refer to like parts in all views of the drawing and throughout the description.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 illustrates a paper strip from which the improved cigarette may be made;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged, longitudinal section through a cigarette formed from the paper of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a similar longitudinal section through a cigarette, illustrating a first alternate form of the invention; and

Fig. 4 is a similar sectional view illustrating a second alternate form of the invention.

In the preferred form of the invention a cigarette is formed from a strip of conventional cigarette paper to one surface of which metal particles 11 have been applied. The metallic particles are preferably formed from aluminum flakes applied to the paper in any desired manner, such as by pressing them against the surface of the paper so that they will mechanically adhere thereto;

2 spraying them onto the paper with any suitable harmless bonding material; or in other ways which may occur to the manufacturer. Regardless of the method of application, the strip of cigarette paper 10 is completely coated on one side with metallic bodies or particles, such as flocculent aluminum foil.

When'the cigarette is formed, as shown in Fig. 2, the surface of the paper 10 containing the metal particles 11 is faced inwardly in contact with a tobacco core 12. The mouth end of the cigarette is preferably, but not necessarily, provided with any of the conventional cigarette filters 13 to prevent metal particles and tobacco from being drawn into the mouth of the user.

As the cigarette is consumed, the metallic particles will always surround the area of combustion and will act to absorb heat therefrom, and will also act as metallic condensing surfaces upon which the vapors produced by the combustion may condense and collect. As the cigarette is consumed, the metallic particles will fall away with the paper and tobacco ashes.

One of the principal features of the invention is the placing of metallic surfaces in and about the zone of combustion. The arrangement shown in Figs. 1 and 2 accomplishes this. However, it may be accomplished, at least in part, in other ways, such as by intermixing flocculent metal foil or flake particles'1'4 with the tobacco,

shown at 15 in Fig. 3, before the cigarette is formed. The action of the metallic particles 14 and the use thereof is similar to the preferred form previously described.

Another method for placing metallic surfaces in the zone of combustion is illustrated in Fig. 4 in which ribhon-like strips of metal foil 16 are wrapped into the cigarette with the tobacco filling. This form has all of the advantages of the previous forms, but has the disadvantage that the ribbons may not be so easily disposable in the ash, as in the preceding forms.

While aluminum'has been described as the preferred metal for use in the cigarette, other metals may be employed. For instance, iron particles should be satisfactory due to the relatively low specific heat of this particular metal.

While a specific form of the improvement has been described and illustrated herein, it is to be understood that the same may be varied, within the scope of the appended claim, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed and desired secured by Letters Patent is:

A cigarette comprising a paper wrapping, tobacco en closed in said wrapping, and loose, independent, separated, metal fiake particles having a relatively low specific heat uniformly intermixed with said tobacco throughout the entire length and breadth of the cigarette tobacco, so that the metal particles will always be present in the combustion zone as the cigarette is consumed, said metal particles being of a size and spaced a sufficient distance apart to continuously fall away from the cigarette with the ashes as the combustion zone travels from the point of combustion toward the mouth of the user for continuously extracting the heat from the combustion zone thereby lowering the temperature of said zone.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,972,718 Sharlit Sept. 4, 1934 2,003,690 Lewton June 4, 1935 2,049,320 Ruben et al July 28, 1936 2,185,293 Copeman Jan. 2, 1940 2,192,569 Williams et al. Mar. 5, 1940 (Other references on following page) 3 UNITED STATES PATENTS v Thiele May 14, 1946 Great Britain Dec. 17, 1934 Italy June 22, 1949 Great Britain Oct. 24, 1940 France May 21, 1927 OTHER REFERENCES Time (pub.) Making Cigarette Safe, Apr. 22, 1957, page 50.

US661748A 1957-05-27 1957-05-27 Cigarettes Expired - Lifetime US2976190A (en)

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Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3106210A (en) * 1957-11-18 1963-10-08 Reynolds Metals Co Smoking tobacco
US3183914A (en) * 1962-01-24 1965-05-18 Samuel L Cohn Cigarette
US3395714A (en) * 1964-06-15 1968-08-06 Kahane Wilhelm Cigarette having plastic sheet lined wrapper
US4236532A (en) * 1977-09-16 1980-12-02 Gallaher Limited Smoking rod wrapper
US4452259A (en) * 1981-07-10 1984-06-05 Loews Theatres, Inc. Smoking articles having a reduced free burn time
US4598720A (en) * 1981-01-30 1986-07-08 Gabriel Naeem B Pelleted cigarette
DE3508127A1 (en) * 1985-03-07 1986-09-11 Gerhard Kimmel Smoker's article with a paper wrapper
US4630620A (en) * 1978-08-25 1986-12-23 Gabriel Naeem B Cigarette with condensing surface therein
US4715389A (en) * 1986-09-15 1987-12-29 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette
US4793365A (en) * 1984-09-14 1988-12-27 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article
US4854331A (en) * 1984-09-14 1989-08-08 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article
US4917128A (en) * 1985-10-28 1990-04-17 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. Cigarette
DE4001394A1 (en) * 1989-01-30 1990-08-02 Brown & Williamson Tobacco A smoking article
US4966171A (en) * 1988-07-22 1990-10-30 Philip Morris Incorporated Smoking article
US4991606A (en) * 1988-07-22 1991-02-12 Philip Morris Incorporated Smoking article
US5033483A (en) * 1985-10-28 1991-07-23 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with tobacco jacket
US5060666A (en) * 1985-10-28 1991-10-29 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with tobacco jacket
US5067499A (en) * 1984-09-14 1991-11-26 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article
US5345951A (en) * 1988-07-22 1994-09-13 Philip Morris Incorporated Smoking article
US5443560A (en) * 1989-11-29 1995-08-22 Philip Morris Incorporated Chemical heat source comprising metal nitride, metal oxide and carbon
US5878753A (en) * 1997-03-11 1999-03-09 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling ignition proclivity of a smoking article without affecting smoking characteristics
US5878754A (en) * 1997-03-10 1999-03-09 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling ignition proclivity of a smoking article
US6129087A (en) * 1998-03-25 2000-10-10 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Reduced ignition propensity smoking articles
WO2001058289A1 (en) * 2000-02-14 2001-08-16 Trierenberg Holding Aktiengesellschaft Filter cigarette
US20030131860A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2003-07-17 Ashcraft Charles Ray Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040099280A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-05-27 Stokes Cynthia Stewart Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040099279A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-05-27 Chapman Paul Stuart Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040255966A1 (en) * 2002-01-23 2004-12-23 Kraker Thomas A. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
US20050016556A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2005-01-27 Ashcraft Charles Ray Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20080295854A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2008-12-04 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US20110023901A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded paper, smoking article and method
US20110041861A1 (en) * 2009-08-24 2011-02-24 Andries Don Sebastian Segmented smoking article with insulation mat
US8839799B2 (en) 2010-05-06 2014-09-23 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented smoking article with stitch-bonded substrate
US9149072B2 (en) 2010-05-06 2015-10-06 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented smoking article with substrate cavity
US9302522B2 (en) 2010-12-13 2016-04-05 Altria Client Services Llc Process of preparing printing solution and making patterned cigarette wrappers
US9301546B2 (en) 2010-08-19 2016-04-05 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented smoking article with shaped insulator
US9668516B2 (en) 2012-05-16 2017-06-06 Altria Client Services Llc Banded cigarette wrapper with opened-area bands

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191219694A (en) * 1912-08-28 1913-05-15 Jacob Kaplan Improvements in Cigars, Cigarettes, or the like.
FR626721A (en) * 1926-12-24 1927-09-17 Cigars, cigarettes, etc., the ash will not come off
US1972718A (en) * 1930-08-28 1934-09-04 Sharlit Herman Treatment of tobacco
GB421236A (en) * 1933-03-09 1934-12-17 Elsbeth Ruben Improvements in and relating to cigarettes
US2003690A (en) * 1933-03-28 1935-06-04 Lucy O Lewton Tobacco product
US2049320A (en) * 1932-12-08 1936-07-28 Elsbeth Ruben Cigarette
US2185293A (en) * 1930-07-24 1940-01-02 Copeman Lab Co Cigarette and process of treating same
US2192569A (en) * 1936-09-03 1940-03-05 Williams Harold Silva Magnetic cigarette and support therefor
GB528190A (en) * 1939-04-21 1940-10-24 Edward Oldroyd Whiteley Improvements in and relating to cigarette paper
US2400176A (en) * 1941-09-20 1946-05-14 Standard Oil Co Catalytic conversion
US2669995A (en) * 1950-04-28 1954-02-23 Arnold I Troy Disposable filter and holder
US2785681A (en) * 1952-04-29 1957-03-19 Fessler Frank Filter

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191219694A (en) * 1912-08-28 1913-05-15 Jacob Kaplan Improvements in Cigars, Cigarettes, or the like.
FR626721A (en) * 1926-12-24 1927-09-17 Cigars, cigarettes, etc., the ash will not come off
US2185293A (en) * 1930-07-24 1940-01-02 Copeman Lab Co Cigarette and process of treating same
US1972718A (en) * 1930-08-28 1934-09-04 Sharlit Herman Treatment of tobacco
US2049320A (en) * 1932-12-08 1936-07-28 Elsbeth Ruben Cigarette
GB421236A (en) * 1933-03-09 1934-12-17 Elsbeth Ruben Improvements in and relating to cigarettes
US2003690A (en) * 1933-03-28 1935-06-04 Lucy O Lewton Tobacco product
US2192569A (en) * 1936-09-03 1940-03-05 Williams Harold Silva Magnetic cigarette and support therefor
GB528190A (en) * 1939-04-21 1940-10-24 Edward Oldroyd Whiteley Improvements in and relating to cigarette paper
US2400176A (en) * 1941-09-20 1946-05-14 Standard Oil Co Catalytic conversion
US2669995A (en) * 1950-04-28 1954-02-23 Arnold I Troy Disposable filter and holder
US2785681A (en) * 1952-04-29 1957-03-19 Fessler Frank Filter

Cited By (66)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3106210A (en) * 1957-11-18 1963-10-08 Reynolds Metals Co Smoking tobacco
US3183914A (en) * 1962-01-24 1965-05-18 Samuel L Cohn Cigarette
US3395714A (en) * 1964-06-15 1968-08-06 Kahane Wilhelm Cigarette having plastic sheet lined wrapper
US4236532A (en) * 1977-09-16 1980-12-02 Gallaher Limited Smoking rod wrapper
US4630620A (en) * 1978-08-25 1986-12-23 Gabriel Naeem B Cigarette with condensing surface therein
US4598720A (en) * 1981-01-30 1986-07-08 Gabriel Naeem B Pelleted cigarette
US4452259A (en) * 1981-07-10 1984-06-05 Loews Theatres, Inc. Smoking articles having a reduced free burn time
US4854331A (en) * 1984-09-14 1989-08-08 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article
US5067499A (en) * 1984-09-14 1991-11-26 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article
US4793365A (en) * 1984-09-14 1988-12-27 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article
DE3508127A1 (en) * 1985-03-07 1986-09-11 Gerhard Kimmel Smoker's article with a paper wrapper
US4917128A (en) * 1985-10-28 1990-04-17 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. Cigarette
US5033483A (en) * 1985-10-28 1991-07-23 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with tobacco jacket
US5060666A (en) * 1985-10-28 1991-10-29 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with tobacco jacket
US4715389A (en) * 1986-09-15 1987-12-29 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette
US4991606A (en) * 1988-07-22 1991-02-12 Philip Morris Incorporated Smoking article
US4966171A (en) * 1988-07-22 1990-10-30 Philip Morris Incorporated Smoking article
US5345951A (en) * 1988-07-22 1994-09-13 Philip Morris Incorporated Smoking article
DE4001394A1 (en) * 1989-01-30 1990-08-02 Brown & Williamson Tobacco A smoking article
US5443560A (en) * 1989-11-29 1995-08-22 Philip Morris Incorporated Chemical heat source comprising metal nitride, metal oxide and carbon
US5878754A (en) * 1997-03-10 1999-03-09 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling ignition proclivity of a smoking article
US5878753A (en) * 1997-03-11 1999-03-09 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling ignition proclivity of a smoking article without affecting smoking characteristics
US6129087A (en) * 1998-03-25 2000-10-10 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Reduced ignition propensity smoking articles
US6832613B2 (en) 2000-02-14 2004-12-21 Trierenberg Holding Aktiengesellschaft Filter cigarette
US20030056802A1 (en) * 2000-02-14 2003-03-27 Ernst Brunbauer Filter cigarette
WO2001058289A1 (en) * 2000-02-14 2001-08-16 Trierenberg Holding Aktiengesellschaft Filter cigarette
JP2003530829A (en) * 2000-02-14 2003-10-21 トリエレンベルク ホールディング アクチエンゲゼルシャフト FILTER CIGARETTES
US20060005847A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2006-01-12 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US7237559B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2007-07-03 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US7677256B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2010-03-16 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20060011207A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2006-01-19 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20050016556A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2005-01-27 Ashcraft Charles Ray Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US6929013B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2005-08-16 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20030131860A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2003-07-17 Ashcraft Charles Ray Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20050241659A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2005-11-03 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20050241660A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2005-11-03 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US8863757B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2014-10-21 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
US20040255966A1 (en) * 2002-01-23 2004-12-23 Kraker Thomas A. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
US10028525B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2018-07-24 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
US6997190B2 (en) 2002-11-25 2006-02-14 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20060124146A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2006-06-15 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040099279A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-05-27 Chapman Paul Stuart Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US6976493B2 (en) 2002-11-25 2005-12-20 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040099280A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-05-27 Stokes Cynthia Stewart Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20110155158A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2011-06-30 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded Papers, Smoking Articles and Methods
US9161570B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2015-10-20 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US10028524B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2018-07-24 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8939156B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2015-01-27 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8707967B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-04-29 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8925556B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2015-01-06 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8833377B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-09-16 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US20080295854A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2008-12-04 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8844540B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-09-30 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8905043B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-12-09 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8733370B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-05-27 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8701682B2 (en) 2009-07-30 2014-04-22 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded paper, smoking article and method
US20110023901A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded paper, smoking article and method
US8464726B2 (en) 2009-08-24 2013-06-18 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented smoking article with insulation mat
US9486013B2 (en) 2009-08-24 2016-11-08 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented smoking article with foamed insulation material
US20110041861A1 (en) * 2009-08-24 2011-02-24 Andries Don Sebastian Segmented smoking article with insulation mat
US9149072B2 (en) 2010-05-06 2015-10-06 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented smoking article with substrate cavity
US8839799B2 (en) 2010-05-06 2014-09-23 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented smoking article with stitch-bonded substrate
US9439453B2 (en) 2010-05-06 2016-09-13 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented smoking article with substrate cavity
US9301546B2 (en) 2010-08-19 2016-04-05 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented smoking article with shaped insulator
US9302522B2 (en) 2010-12-13 2016-04-05 Altria Client Services Llc Process of preparing printing solution and making patterned cigarette wrappers
US9668516B2 (en) 2012-05-16 2017-06-06 Altria Client Services Llc Banded cigarette wrapper with opened-area bands

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