US2958084A - Playpen - Google Patents

Playpen Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2958084A
US2958084A US62918556A US2958084A US 2958084 A US2958084 A US 2958084A US 62918556 A US62918556 A US 62918556A US 2958084 A US2958084 A US 2958084A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
playpen
fabric
strips
corner
lower
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Charles J Kenney
Original Assignee
Charles J Kenney
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47DFURNITURE SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CHILDREN
    • A47D13/00Other nursery furniture
    • A47D13/06Children's play- pens
    • A47D13/061Children's play- pens foldable
    • A47D13/063Children's play- pens foldable with soft walls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47DFURNITURE SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CHILDREN
    • A47D13/00Other nursery furniture
    • A47D13/06Children's play- pens
    • A47D13/061Children's play- pens foldable
    • A47D13/065Children's play- pens foldable with rigid walls

Description

c. J. KENNEY Nov. 1, 1960 PLAYPEN 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 18, 1956 INVENTOR! CHARLES J. KEIVIVE) Nov. 1, 1960 Filed Dec. 18, 1956 c; J. KENNEY PLAYPEN 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.'-

6HARLE$ J.KEN/V.EY

- United States Patent PLAYPEN I Charles J. Kenney, 30 Pennsylvania Ave., Niantic, Conn.

Filed Dec. 18, 1956, Ser. No. 629,185

I 1 Claim. (Cl. 5-99 This invention relates to a playpen and more particularly to a collapsible playpen which has been constructed principally of fabric and'sticks, the sticks and fabric mutually supporting eachother to form a rectangularly shaped playpen.

Collapsible playpens of themselves are not new. All known playpens are, however, subject to a number of disadvantages. Principal among these is the inability to collapse the playpen conveniently into a vary small lightweight package which can easily be carried around by a mother. Further, it is many times difficult to provide an adequately rigid support for the playpen when it is erected. Still further, known collapsible playpens are somewhat complex in their structural details and as a result cannot be purchased inexpensively.

The present invention is designed to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art. Its construction is the essence of simplicity and'it is designated to provide a quite rigid construction which will withstand the rigors of an active child.

The essential parts of the construction are an upper strip of fabric having downwardly directed pockets, a lower strip of fabric having upwardly directed pockets, stakes inserted in the pockets and extending between the two strips, and bracing means intermediate the two strips extending from corner to corner around the playpen. Additionally, the fabric bottom is connected to the lower strip in a manner to be described. Additionally, a sun shade can be mounted to the four corner posts. The latter two elements perform not only the functions of providing a clean floor and a shade against the sun, but additionally add to the structural rigidity of the playpen.

The principal elements of the playpen can be rolled up and inserted in a cylindrical bag approximately seven inches in diameter and twenty-seven inches long. The complete unit is lightweight, weighing about nine pounds, and can easily be transported from place to place and erected in about one minute.

It is accordingly an object of the invention to provide a playpen which is so completely collapsible that it can conveniently be put in a small bag for convenience in carrying.

It is another object of the invention to provide a collapsible playpen having as its essential elements an upper fabric with downwardly directed pockets, a lower fabric strip with upwardly directed pockets, stakes inserted in the pockets and braces extending from corner post to corner post running parallel to and intermediate the upper and lower fabric strips.

It is another object of the invention to provide such a playpen having a sun shade mounted on the corner posts and a bottom fabric piece, both of said members contributing to the structural rigidity of the playpen.

Another object of the invention is to provide a collapsible playpen as described above in which the braces are hinged to the corner posts and are provided with length adjusting means to compensate for stretching of the fabric.

Patented Nov. 1, 1960 These and other objects will become more readily apparent from the following detailed description of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing a playpen constructed in accordance with the present invention,

Fig. 2 is a perspective view with parts cut away to show the playpen in collapsed condition disposed in a carrying bag, and

Fig. 3 is a sectional view, partly in elevation, showing the details of the various: components.

The playpen consists of an upper fabric strip 10, a lower fabric strip 12 and pockets 14 formed in each of the strips by stitching. Stakes 16 are inserted in opposite pockets of the upper and lower strips in such a manner that the strips and stakes form a mutual support for each other. Four corner posts 18 are fastened by straps 19 to the upper and lower fabric strips and have their upper ends exposed above the fabric strip. The straps 19 are stapled at 21 to the corner posts, permitting some slack to enable the posts 18 to adjust evenly when the playpen is erected.

Hinged to each corner post is an adjustable section of a horizontal brace 20 and the non-adjustable section 22 of the horizontal brace. The pivot point of the braces is on the upper portion of each corner post 18 andis provided by hinges 24. A strip 26 is connected across adjacent ends of bracing members 20 and 22 at each corner of the playpen. The diagonal strip 26 has a bracing function and serves to maintain the sides of the playpen at right angles to each other.

Brace 20 has an adjusting screw 28 which engages the end 30 of the non-adjustable bracing section 22. By rotating screw 28, the effective length of bracing section 20 can be extended so as to compensate for stretching in the upper and lower fabric strips.

When the bracing sections 20 and 22 are located in abutting relationship as shown in Fig. 3, a sleeve 32 is slid over the abutting joint and maintained in that position by flexible spring stops 34 and 36.

The details of the fabric strip construction are best shown in Fig. 3. The strip consists of a laminate of an outer bias cut fabric 38 and an inner straight cut fabric 40 joined together by an adhesive. The thus formed laminate is folded over a cord 42 to add additional strength to the strips. The lower fabric strip 12 is formed in a Similar manner.

A canvas floor 44 is attached to the bottom strip 12. It is preferred that this floor be permanently sewed to two lower strips on opposite sides of the playpen. The other two sides fasten to the lower strips by snap fasteners. This arrangement facilitates the disassembling and packing operation. The use of the floor piece in this manner serves as an additional brace to maintain the playpen in its rectangular position.

A sun shade 46 is mounted on top of the four corner posts 18 by rods 48 inserted in recesses 50 in the upper end of each post. Each rod 48 is hinged at 51 to a horizontal rod 52 which extends diagonally inward toward the center of the shade 46. A pocket 54 is formed in the top of the sun shade to receive each rod 52.

A side curtain 56 is attached to one edge of the sun shade 46. The side curtain is normally supported at the top of the sun shade by straps 58 which can be unsnapped to permit the shade to drop downwardly any suitable distance. Preferably the curtain should be long enough to cover the whole side of the playpen to completely shield a child from the sun.

As an optional feature of the invention, a platform 60 made of three sections 62, 64, 66, conveniently hinged together, can be used to support the playpen. The feet 68 are hinged at 70 so as to be foldable in the direction of the arrows in Fig. 1. This arrangement permits a compact folding of the platform.

In using the playpen the stakes and fabric strips which, in storage are rolled up into a package, are removed from the package and the unit is spread in the general configuration of a playpen. Braces 20 and 22 are swung upwardly into abutting engagement and sleeve 30 is slid over the butt joint. In this condition, the playpen is reasonably rigid and ready for active use. Thus the assembly is exceedingly convenient and the playpen can be used inside or outside.

If used outside on a sunny day, the sun shade is used. When disassembling the sun shade, the vertical rods 48 have been swung around in the direction of the arrow of Fig. 3 to rest on the top surface of the sun shade. When assembling these rods are swung back to their vertical position where they are blocked from further movement by the hinge construction. In this position they are inserted in recesses 50 in the top of corner posts 18 and the sun shade is thus erected.

In a general manner, while there has been disclosed in the above description, what is deemed to be the most practical and efiicient embodiment of the invention, it should be well understood that the invention is not limited to such embodiment as there might be changes made in the arrangement, disposition and form of the parts Without departing from the principle of the present invention as comprehended within the scope of the accompanying claim.

I claim:

A collapsible playpen comprising in combination, upper and lower elongated fabric strips, said strips having a bias cut fabric, a straight cut fabric laminated with said bias cut fabric, said two fabn'cs being folded over a reinforcing cord, and stitching running perpendicular to the length of said strips to form opposing stake receiving pockets, a plurality of vertical stakes inserted in opposed pockets to space said strips from each other, each of said strips being joined at its ends, four corner posts being joined to said strips, and horizontal bracing rods extending between adjacent corner posts between said upper and lower strips, said bracing being adjustable in length to spread said strips and forming a rect-angularly shaped pen, said bracing rods each comprising a pair of rod sections connected to adjacent corner posts, and sleeve means for forming a rigid joint between said rod sections intermediate said corner posts, fabric corner braces connected to adjacent ends of said rod sections, and a rectangular fabric floor permanently connected on two of its opposing edges to said lower strips and detachably connected on the remaining edges, said fabric floor having its weave diagonal to the lower fabric strips, whereby said fabric strips, said rods, said corner braces and said fabric floor jointly cooperate to form a rigid playpen assembly which can easily collapse to a relatively small transportable package.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 523,337 Ebert July 24, 1894 935,673 Miller Oct. 5, 1909 942,067 Heidt Dec. 7, 1909 1,147,414 Lera July 20, 1915 1,526,726 Townsend Feb. 17, 1925 1,845,791 Gray Feb. 16, 1932 1,950,603 Fischer Mar. 13, 1934 2,097,506 Auty Nov. 2, 1937 2,231,381 Boehmcke Feb. 11, 1941 2,546,588 Ellis Mar. 27, 1951 2,699,794 Potter Jan. 18, 1955 2,710,976 Martensen June 21, 1955 2,772,859 Knorr Dec. 4, 1956 FOREIGN PATENTS 94,354 Germany Oct. 13, 1897 2,331 Great Britain 1908 481,037 Germany Aug. 12, 1929 974,783 France Oct. 4, 1950

US2958084A 1956-12-18 1956-12-18 Playpen Expired - Lifetime US2958084A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2958084A US2958084A (en) 1956-12-18 1956-12-18 Playpen

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2958084A US2958084A (en) 1956-12-18 1956-12-18 Playpen

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2958084A true US2958084A (en) 1960-11-01

Family

ID=24521957

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2958084A Expired - Lifetime US2958084A (en) 1956-12-18 1956-12-18 Playpen

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2958084A (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3173155A (en) * 1963-07-23 1965-03-16 Schweikert Nancy Collapsible play pen
US3183527A (en) * 1965-05-18 Turner enclosure
US4070716A (en) * 1976-07-19 1978-01-31 Henry Satt Foldable playpen
US4073017A (en) * 1976-10-26 1978-02-14 Stevens Amy L Portable playpen
US4376318A (en) * 1980-02-19 1983-03-15 Cirillo John R Portable playpen
US4823415A (en) * 1987-12-15 1989-04-25 Lampard Lucille B Convertible infant bed
US5025821A (en) * 1989-12-08 1991-06-25 Page Dorothy R Canopy for playpen
US5586345A (en) * 1995-11-09 1996-12-24 Graco Children's Products Mobile portable playyard system
US5644806A (en) * 1995-11-09 1997-07-08 James F. Mariol Playyard system with a handle and wheels
US5826285A (en) * 1996-09-10 1998-10-27 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play yard
US5862548A (en) * 1996-10-25 1999-01-26 Graco Children's Products Inc. Playyard system and canopy
US5867851A (en) * 1996-09-10 1999-02-09 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play yard
US5916828A (en) * 1996-10-25 1999-06-29 Graco Children's Products, Inc. Material for use in a canopy
US6123091A (en) * 1997-09-30 2000-09-26 Cosco Management, Inc. Playyard canopy
US6148455A (en) * 1999-01-27 2000-11-21 Kasem; Jean Method and apparatus for converting a canopy crib to a standard crib
US6425150B1 (en) * 2000-11-22 2002-07-30 Kenny Cheng Playyard system with canopy
US6467107B1 (en) 1999-10-21 2002-10-22 Cosco Management, Inc. Playyard canopy frame retainer
US6516823B1 (en) 1999-10-21 2003-02-11 Cosco Management, Inc. Playyard canopy
US6749258B1 (en) 2003-02-14 2004-06-15 Evenflo Company, Inc. Seat boot with cover
US20040224823A1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2004-11-11 Myers Peter J. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US20080209631A1 (en) * 2007-02-22 2008-09-04 Thomas Wesley H Foldable and portable playard assemblies with a storage compartment and methods of use thereof
WO2013096595A1 (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-06-27 Bravo Sport Collapsible support structure

Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE94354C (en) *
US523337A (en) * 1894-07-24 Folding crib
GB190802331A (en) * 1908-02-01 1908-03-05 William Price Abell Improvements in Folding or Collapsable Pens or Babies' Playgrounds.
US935673A (en) * 1909-03-08 1909-10-05 Charles C Miller Gate.
US942067A (en) * 1908-12-30 1909-12-07 Grayson Heidt Baby-gate.
US1147414A (en) * 1915-06-07 1915-07-20 Henri Buchy Guard-tent for babies.
US1526726A (en) * 1923-04-09 1925-02-17 Charles A Townsend Camp toilet
DE481037C (en) * 1927-07-15 1929-08-12 Fritz Eiser Dr Ing Collapsible air enclosure for children
US1845791A (en) * 1928-10-10 1932-02-16 Everett J Gray Knockdown crib
US1950603A (en) * 1931-05-16 1934-03-13 Frederick R Fischer Play pen
US2097506A (en) * 1936-02-11 1937-11-02 Auty Frank Play pen
US2231381A (en) * 1939-12-13 1941-02-11 Edward P Boehmcke Crib attachment
FR974783A (en) * 1948-07-30 1951-02-26 Children Park, foldable and convertible into other objects
US2546588A (en) * 1946-04-29 1951-03-27 John H Ellis Fishing shelter or the like
US2699794A (en) * 1952-08-22 1955-01-18 Potter Lorraine Safety canopy for cribs
US2710976A (en) * 1955-06-21 martensen
US2772859A (en) * 1953-08-21 1956-12-04 Rex B Knorr Collapsible enclosure for infants

Patent Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2710976A (en) * 1955-06-21 martensen
US523337A (en) * 1894-07-24 Folding crib
DE94354C (en) *
GB190802331A (en) * 1908-02-01 1908-03-05 William Price Abell Improvements in Folding or Collapsable Pens or Babies' Playgrounds.
US942067A (en) * 1908-12-30 1909-12-07 Grayson Heidt Baby-gate.
US935673A (en) * 1909-03-08 1909-10-05 Charles C Miller Gate.
US1147414A (en) * 1915-06-07 1915-07-20 Henri Buchy Guard-tent for babies.
US1526726A (en) * 1923-04-09 1925-02-17 Charles A Townsend Camp toilet
DE481037C (en) * 1927-07-15 1929-08-12 Fritz Eiser Dr Ing Collapsible air enclosure for children
US1845791A (en) * 1928-10-10 1932-02-16 Everett J Gray Knockdown crib
US1950603A (en) * 1931-05-16 1934-03-13 Frederick R Fischer Play pen
US2097506A (en) * 1936-02-11 1937-11-02 Auty Frank Play pen
US2231381A (en) * 1939-12-13 1941-02-11 Edward P Boehmcke Crib attachment
US2546588A (en) * 1946-04-29 1951-03-27 John H Ellis Fishing shelter or the like
FR974783A (en) * 1948-07-30 1951-02-26 Children Park, foldable and convertible into other objects
US2699794A (en) * 1952-08-22 1955-01-18 Potter Lorraine Safety canopy for cribs
US2772859A (en) * 1953-08-21 1956-12-04 Rex B Knorr Collapsible enclosure for infants

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3183527A (en) * 1965-05-18 Turner enclosure
US3173155A (en) * 1963-07-23 1965-03-16 Schweikert Nancy Collapsible play pen
US4070716A (en) * 1976-07-19 1978-01-31 Henry Satt Foldable playpen
US4073017A (en) * 1976-10-26 1978-02-14 Stevens Amy L Portable playpen
US4376318A (en) * 1980-02-19 1983-03-15 Cirillo John R Portable playpen
US4823415A (en) * 1987-12-15 1989-04-25 Lampard Lucille B Convertible infant bed
US5025821A (en) * 1989-12-08 1991-06-25 Page Dorothy R Canopy for playpen
GB2321010A (en) * 1995-11-09 1998-07-15 Graco Childrens Prod Inc Mobile portable playyard system
US5586345A (en) * 1995-11-09 1996-12-24 Graco Children's Products Mobile portable playyard system
US5644806A (en) * 1995-11-09 1997-07-08 James F. Mariol Playyard system with a handle and wheels
WO1997017002A1 (en) * 1995-11-09 1997-05-15 Graco Children's Products, Inc. Mobile portable playyard system
US5826285A (en) * 1996-09-10 1998-10-27 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play yard
US5867851A (en) * 1996-09-10 1999-02-09 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play yard
US6250837B1 (en) 1996-09-10 2001-06-26 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Rail joint
US5862548A (en) * 1996-10-25 1999-01-26 Graco Children's Products Inc. Playyard system and canopy
US5916828A (en) * 1996-10-25 1999-06-29 Graco Children's Products, Inc. Material for use in a canopy
US6123091A (en) * 1997-09-30 2000-09-26 Cosco Management, Inc. Playyard canopy
US6148455A (en) * 1999-01-27 2000-11-21 Kasem; Jean Method and apparatus for converting a canopy crib to a standard crib
US6467107B1 (en) 1999-10-21 2002-10-22 Cosco Management, Inc. Playyard canopy frame retainer
US6516823B1 (en) 1999-10-21 2003-02-11 Cosco Management, Inc. Playyard canopy
US6425150B1 (en) * 2000-11-22 2002-07-30 Kenny Cheng Playyard system with canopy
US6749258B1 (en) 2003-02-14 2004-06-15 Evenflo Company, Inc. Seat boot with cover
US8764612B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2014-07-01 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US7376993B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2008-05-27 Kolcraft Enterprises Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US20080188355A1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2008-08-07 Myers Peter J Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US20040224823A1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2004-11-11 Myers Peter J. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US8388501B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2013-03-05 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US8257229B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2012-09-04 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US8316483B2 (en) 2007-02-22 2012-11-27 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Foldable and portable playard assemblies with a storage compartment and methods of use thereof
US8006326B2 (en) 2007-02-22 2011-08-30 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Foldable and portable playard assemblies with a storage compartment and methods of use thereof
US20080209631A1 (en) * 2007-02-22 2008-09-04 Thomas Wesley H Foldable and portable playard assemblies with a storage compartment and methods of use thereof
WO2013096595A1 (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-06-27 Bravo Sport Collapsible support structure

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3545461A (en) Tree suspended enclosure
US3368575A (en) Portable collapsible shelter
US3280796A (en) Folding dog house
US3136272A (en) Collapsible stools and chairs
US2710976A (en) martensen
US3716234A (en) Basketball equipment support with carrying case
US5711040A (en) Folding collapsible frame structure for a baby's crib
US4685725A (en) Seating apparatus
US3570507A (en) Ice fishing tent
US5628338A (en) Collapsible blind
US2543597A (en) Beach bag and canopy
US3419024A (en) Portable shelter
US5544864A (en) Collapsible portable child's play-pen
US2950484A (en) Foldable tub
US3289787A (en) Collapsible hunting shelter
US4133149A (en) Foldable portable shelter
US4641676A (en) Collapsible canopy structure
US5411046A (en) Tent
US6499498B1 (en) Collapsible structures having overlapping support loops
US6267128B1 (en) Collapsible structures
US3405721A (en) Collapsible and portable cabana
US1718962A (en) Parcel or luggage carrier
US4889383A (en) Folding chair
US4126213A (en) Collapsible suitcase
US2498203A (en) Child's play pen