US2922555A - Precision adjustable dress form - Google Patents

Precision adjustable dress form Download PDF

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US2922555A
US2922555A US688266A US68826657A US2922555A US 2922555 A US2922555 A US 2922555A US 688266 A US688266 A US 688266A US 68826657 A US68826657 A US 68826657A US 2922555 A US2922555 A US 2922555A
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sections
size
holes
peplum
shows
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US688266A
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Cella Luigi
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Cella Luigi
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41HAPPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A41H5/00Dress forms; Bust forms; Stands
    • A41H5/01Dress forms; Bust forms; Stands with means for adjustment, e.g. of height

Description

Jan. 26, 1960 CELLA 2,922,555
PRECISION ADJUSTABLE DRESS FORM Filed Oct. 4, 1957 6 Sheets-Sheet 1 Jan. 26, 1960 L. CELLA PRECISION ADJUSTABLE DRESS FORM 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed 001;. 4. 1957 Jan. 26, 1960 2,922,555
PRECISION ADJUSTABLE DRESS FORM Filed Oct. 4, 1957 6 Sheets-Sheet 3 Jan. 26, 1950 I L, CELLA 2,922,555
PRECISION ADJUSTABLE DRESS FORM Filed 001;. 4, 1957 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 Jan 26, 1960 1.. CELLA PRECISION ADJUSTABLE DRESS FORM 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Oct. 4, 1957 nun/ W g .Q\ my My Jan. 26, 1960 L. CELLA 2,922,555
PRECISION ADJUSTABLE DRESS FORM Filed Oct. 4, 1957 6 SheetsSheet s PRECISION ADJUSTABLE DRESS FORM Luigi Celia, Newark, NJ.
Application October 4, 1957, Serial No. 688,266
1 (Ilairn. (Cl. 223-68) This invention relates to a precision adjustable dress form, on which may be fitted clothes in the process of making, and is based in part on the new concept that a form should have the lines and contours desired in a dress and not the lines and contours of the human figure, which prior forms have had.
One of the features of the invention is that it provides a dress form which is adjustable as to all its parts, with precision and certainty, and without need of measurement or guesswork, by amateur or professional, and by which a dress fitted thereon will have the same tit and appearance when worn.
Another object of the invention is to provide a form which is adjustable over a wide range of sizes, previous forms having very limited size ranges. A further object is to provide a dress form which is adjustable not only as to overall dimensions for a given standard size, but which is adjustable to correspond to the proper dimensions of the separate parts of a garment, as, for example, the waist, neck, shoulder, and seat, so that a garment fitted on it may correspond in all respects to an individuals requirements. The construction herein shown and described is adjustable, for example, as to higher or lower waist, size of waist, low or high shoulder, larger or smaller seat, and is also adjustable for erect or stooping posture. and for certain irregularities or deformities, as when one hip is higher than the other. The adjustments possible with the construction herein disclosed make one of my forms equivalent to not less than 105 separate dress forms, for 7 sizes, and the principle of the invention makes possible an even larger equivalency. The resulting economy as to original cost and storage will be readily appreciated.
A further feature of the invention is that it may be quickly assembled for any desired size of garment, and as quickly taken apart and compactly stored for the saving of space, only a minimum of skill being necessary.
Previous forms have been defective in that an adjustment was made in one measurement without making a necessary adjustment in an associated measurement, thus throwing the seams out of true position. In my form, however, the right measurements, positions and proportions are maintained for all parts of the garment, as, for example, the waist, bust, seat, shoulders, side seams, etc.
An important feature of this invention is that the form is made to conform to the lines and contour of a garment as worn by a person, whereby a better fit is obtained than with previous dress forms, which follow body lines and contours and not dress lines and contours.
This improved form is quickly adjustable with precision and certainty, means being provided so that the parts cannot be connected unless they are correctly adjusted; in orther words, it is fool-proof.
While the drawings show a dress form adjustable for seven sizes, it may be made for a wider range, but the seven-size range will enable dresses to be made for girls or women requiring sizes varying from size 8 to size 20. For example, the bust may be adjusted from 32.5 inches (size 8) to 41.5 inches (size 20). The form shown has adjustments as to waist length, to provide a range varying from the very short person (about 4 feet, inches) Sttes Patent to the tall person (about 6 feet), the waist length being variable by 2 inches. The form is further adjustable for sway back, i.e., short back and long front. And it is further adjustable to provide a long back and short front, as for a stooping posture.
The form comprises a waist or bodice portion and a skirt or peplum portion adjustably connected to the former, and also a neck portion.
Each portion comprises sections adjustably connected, the sections being made of a flexible but somewhat stiff material, as synthetic plastic or cardboard, to constitute a sufiiciently rigid form. Adjacent sections lap, and are provided with visible indicia so that they may be readily secured together for any desired size and shape. The sections have tongue and slot connections, the tongues preferably having indicia marked thereon, as for example, parallel lines marked with sizes, to show how far into each slot the corresponding tongue is to be put for a given size. Additionally, sizes may be marked in other parts of sections, with openings in the overlapping sections so that the size marks may 'be seen. Corresponding groups of openings are also formed in the sections in such manner that there are only two registering holes for each size, through which a fastener, as of the cotter-pin type, for example, may be put to secure adjacent sections together.
The bodice and the peplum each comprise, arranged on the right and left halves, a pair of back sections, a pair of front sections, a pair of side-back sections and a pair of side-front sections, the right and left halves being symmetrical. The neck consists of three sections.
The drawings illustrate the invention, and in these:
Figs. 1 and 2 show perspectives of a dress form from opposite sides, the latter in parts broken away;
Fig. 3 (Sheet 3) is a plan view of'one of the front sections of the bodice;
Fig. 4 (Sheet 3) is a view of a side-front section;
Fig. 5 (Sheet 4) shows the sections of Figs. 3 and 4 connected, that is, the front and side-front sections;
Fig. 6 (Sheet 4) shows a side-back section;
Fig. 7 (Sheet 4) shows a back section;
Fig. 8 (Sheet 4) shows the sections of Figs. 6 and 7 connected, that is, the side-back and back sections;
Fig. 9 (Sheet 3) shows the sections of Figs. 5 and 8 connected to make one-half of the bodice, from mid-front to mid-back, and consisting of the front, side-front, sideback and back sections;
Fig. 10 shows how a size is read on one section through an aperture in an overlapping section;
Fig. 11 (Sheet 3) shows the mid-front vertical line, and adjacent parts of the two front sections, the same applying to the corresponding parts of the back of the form;
Fig. 12 (Sheet 3) shows the sections of Figs. 4 and 6 connected, that is, the side-back and side-front;
Fig. 13 (Sheet 5) shows a front section of the peplum;
Fig. 14 shows a side-front and a side-back of the peplum, the two being in one piece;
Fig. 15 shows a back section of the'peplum';
Fig. 16 (Sheet 6) shows the sections'of Figs. 13, 14 and 15 connected, being one-half of the peplum from midfront to mid-back;
Figs. 17, 18 and 19 are sections taken respectively on lines 1717, 18-18, l9--19 of Fig. 16;
Fig. 20 is a fragmentary View showing the connection of the front and back sections of the bodice at the shoulder;
Fig. 2.1 is a fragmentary view of the mid-front of the peplum, the same view applying to the corresponding parts of the back of the peplum;
Fig. 22 shows the back of the neck band of the bodice;
Figs. 23 and 24 show the two front halves of the neck,
f Fig. 26 is-a fragmentary view showing a means employed for obtaining proper adjustment of adjacent sections for a selected size; and
Fig; 27 is a fragmentary view of Fig. 26.
Referring to the drawings for a more detailed description thereof, the numerals 35 and 36 designate respectively the bodice or waist portion and the skirt portion or peplum of the form, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, bodice and peplum being connected, The peplum is adjustable higher or lower on the waist in several degrees, in accordance with thedesired waist length.
The bodice being symmetrical as to right and left halves, from mid-front to mid-back, and the peplum also,
the sections and their connections need be described for one-half only, with the adjustable connections of the peplurn to the bodice.
The sections ofthe bodice, for the left half, that is, from mid-front to mid-back, are designated as follows: front, A; side-front, B; side-back, C; and back, D. The corresponding sections of the peplum are designated as: front, E; side-front, F; side-back, G; and back, The pieces of the neck-band are designated by the letters J, K and L.
The views shown for both the bodice and the peplum are those for the left half, from mid-front to mid-back. Fig. 3 shows front section A and Fig. 4 shows side-front section B, in relative position for connection, and these are shown connected in Fig. 5 and also in the right half of Fig. 9. Fig. 6 shows side-back section C and Fig. 7 shows back section D, while Fig. 8, and the left half of Fig. 9, show the sections of Figs. 7 and 8 connected. Figs. 5 and 8 show the A-B combination and the C-D com bination in relative position for connection. Fig. 9 shows Figs. 5 and 8 connected, being the left'half of the bodice from mid-front to mid-back. Fig. 11 shows the connection of section A with the corresponding section A1 at the right of the mid-front, and Fig. 12 shows the connection of the side-front B with the side-back C.
Going back to Fig. 3, which shows the left front section A, this section, in the assembled form, bulges to make a breast contour, as shown in Fig. 2, and, to accomplish this, a dart 40 is formed by making the tapered opening 41 and then bringing the adjacent right marginal portion to lap over the adjacent left marginal portion. The dart is shown adjustable for either a small, regular or large waist. For a small waist the right edge 43 is brought to coincide with the ray line 44, and likewise to lines 45 or 46 for regular and large waist respectively.
These ray lines converge to a point 47, it being understood that the section is slit to that point along the line 43 continued. Groups of round holes 55 and 56 are formed on the section to the right and left respectively of the tapered opening 41 so that fasteners may be passed thru registering holes to secure the lapping parts together, which may be done by passing fasteners 48 (Fig.2) therethrough, as of the cotter pin type.
To connect front section A (Fig. 3) with side-front section B (Fig. 4), a tongue 51 is formed on section A to fit into slot 53 of section B. It will be seen that a series of parallel lines 54 is marked on the tongue 51; these may be called size or guide lines and may be individually marked or identified by numerals, to show how far the tongue 51 is to be inserted into slot 53, it being understood that the smaller the standard size, or measurement, wanted, the farther the tongue is inserted and therefore the greater the amount of lapping of the sections. As seen in Fig. 3, square holes 57 are provided above and below the tongue 51. One of these, both above and below the tongue, coincides with, for a given size or measurement, one of the square areas 58 made above and below the slot 53 of section B, Fig. 4. Size numerals may be made -tion D, Fig. 7, a group of round holes 71 is made.
on each of the square areas 58 so that they may be seen through holes 57 of section A, to make certain that sections A and B are properly connected for a chosen size, as illustrated in Fig. 10. Groups of round holes 60 are formed in section A, above the tongue, and for any given size, one of these registers with a round hole of a group 61 formed in section B, to receive a fastener. At the left lower end of section A, round holes 62 are formed, and, for any selected size, one of these holes registers with a round hole of the group of holes 63 formed in the lower right corner of section B, to receive a fastener connecting the sections, as illustrated in Fig. 10 (Sheet 4). Sections A and B are shown in fitted relation in Fig. 5, and also in the right half of Fig. 9.
The side-back section C (Fig. 6) and the back section D of Fig. 7 fit together adjustably in the same manner as described for sections A and B, and are shown together in Fig. 8. Section C has a slot 67, to receive tongue 68 formed on section D of Fig. 7. The tongue is inserted until one of the parallel guide lines 70, formed at the base of the tongue, coincides with the edge of the slot, it being understood, as previously described, that a numeral may be put alongside each line to indicate size or proper relation of the sections. Above the slot 67, a group of round holes 69 are provided, and in sec- For any given size, one of the holes 69 in section C registers with one of the holes 71 in section D, to receive a fastener. Similar groups 72 and 73 are formed at the lower ends of these sections respectively and a fastener put through the registering holes. Square areas 76 are marked on section C above and below slot 67, and square holes 78 are formed in section D above and below tongue 68. For a given size, one of the square holes 78 of the upper group coincides with one of the square areas 76 of the upper squares, and similarly as to the lower groups. Each of the square areas may be marked with numerals indicating size, it being understood that section B overlaps section C. A shoulder blade dart is provided in section D, an approximately triangular cut 81 being made and a slit provided to a point 83 in the material, in line with the edge adjacent the left of the cut 81. Ray lines 85 are drawn on section B, from point 83 to the lower edge. The left edge of the material, adjacent the cut 81, is pulled over, to coincide with one of the ray lines, to selectively provide for a small, regular or large waist size. Round holes 88 and 89 are formed respectively in sections D and C, and for any one of the sizes there will be only one pair of registering holes to receive a fastener.
The sections of Figs. 5 and 8 are connected, as shown in Fig. 9, which shows one-half of the bodice from midfront to mid-back, and comprises front section A, sidefront section B, side-back section C, andback section D. In connecting Figs. 5 and 8, the tongue 91 of section B, is put into slot 92 of section C (Fig. 6) to the extent indicated by the proper numeral on two squares of the groups of squares 95 and 96 shown in Fig. 6, as seen through the square apertures 97 and 98, which are respectively above and below the tongue 91 in Fig. 4. Round holes 99, 100, and 101, of Fig. 4, will be respectively over the lines of holes 102, 103, and 104, of Fig. 6, and only one aperture of each of the groups 99, 100, and 101, will register, for a given size, respectively, with a hole in the groups 102, 103, and 194, to receive a fastener.
Front section A and back section D are connected at the shoulder, as shown in Fig. 20 (Sheet 6). For this purpose section D has at its upper end a tongue 107, (Figs. 7, 8 and 9), which fits into slot 109 (Figs. 3 and 5) at the top of front section A. To get the desired relation of these sections, the tongue is inserted until the square holes 112, to the sides thereof (Fig. 9) are each directly over one of the square holes in the two series 113' of square areas shown at the upper end of section A in Fig. 3. Two series of round holes 115 (Fig. 3), at the outer sides of the square areas 113, are provided so that round holes 117 (Figs. 7, 8 and 9) each register with a hole 115, so that a fastener may be used to connect the sections.
The mentioned shoulder adjustment is important in order to provide for square shoulders, for sloping shoulders, and for one shoulder high or low.
Figs. 13-19 and Fig. 21, as well as Fig. 1 and 2, show the construction of the peplum. Figs. 13-15 show three sections of the peplum separately, while Fig. 16 shows them connected, to constitute one-half of the entire peplum, that is, from mid-front to mid-back, on the left side, the right half being of the same construction. Section E (Fig. 13), being a front section of the peplum, has a dart 110 at its upper portion to adjust for waist measurement, an oblique cut being made on the line 111, and radial or ray size lines 112 marked from the lower end of line 111 to the upper edge, so that the portion of the section to the right of line 111 may be pulled over onto that one of lines 112, which is proper for a small, regular or large waist measurement. Groups of round holes 114 and 115 are provided so that the parts of the dart may be held together by a fastener through registering holes.
In connecting section E to section F, a tongue 117 on section B (Fig. 13) fits into slot 118 of section F until the square openings 119 of section B coincide with the proper square areas 120, marked on section F, for various sizes, as previously explained relative to bodice sections. Round holes 121 formed in section B above and below tongue 117 will be over the linear groups of round holes 123 formed in section F adjacent the mentioned square areas 120, to receive fasteners.
Sections F and G, which are respectively side-front and side-back sections of the peplum, are shown in one piece, the combination having a dart 125 formed similarly to the described dart 110 of section B, there being an oblique slit along line 126, radial size lines 127, and groups of holes 128 and 129 to receive a fastener. Hole 131 in the upper left corner of section E will be in line with the linear series of holes 133 of section F, to connect the sections by a fastener. Back section H (Fig. 15) connects to section G, the side-back section. Tongue 137 of section H fits into slot 138 of section G, and is pushed into it until square holes 140 of section H coincide with the proper square area of the group of areas 141 of section G. Round holes 143 of section H will lie on the line of holes 145 of section G so that a fastener may be placed through registering holes. A dart 150 is formed in section H, the material being slit along line 151. Ray lines 153 are provided for the purpose mentioned and two series of holes 155 and 156 are made to receive a fastener. The slot, square areas, and round holes, which appear adjacent the left edge of section H (Fig. 15), are for connection of this section to the back section of the other half of the peplum.
The peplum is adjustably secured to the bodice, up or down, to provide for different waist lengths, by tab 160 of section E and tab 161 of section H, which are provided respectively with a series of round holes 160A and 161A, thetab 160 being inserted into the proper size slot of the series of slots 165 formed at the lower right portion of section A (Fig. 3) and fastened through hole 166 of section A, and the tab 161 being inserted into the proper slot of the series of slots 167 formed at the lower left portion of the back section D (Fig. 7) and fastened through hole 175 of section D. In section E (Fig. 13), at the upper edge, there is a semicircular tab 180, with an aperture 181. This tab enters one of the slots of the group of slots 182 of section C (Fig. 6) at the lower right portion, and also enters one of the slots in the group of slots 183 of section B (Fig. 4), which groups of slots register. A fastener through hole 181 of tab 180 also passes through two of the registering slots.
In Figs. 22-25, I show the construction of a neck band, which is mounted on the bodice. Fig. 22 shows the back section I of the neck band; Fig. 23 shows section K which is to be secured to section I on the left part thereof; Fig. 24 shows section L, which is to be attached to the right part of the Fig. 22; and Fig. 25 shows sections J, K and L connected. Section I is symmetrical on each side'of its center line. Section L has a tongue 175, which is inserted into slot 177 of the right half of section I until the shoulder 178 is on the desired size or guide ine of the group 179 of parallel lines marked on the right half of section I. A fastener is then inserted through registering holes, which will be one of the group 181 of section L and one of the group 182 of the right half of section I. Section K is secured to the left half of section I in the same manner, corresponding parts of sections K and L bearing the same numbers, and the right and left halves of section I bearing the same numbers. The left and right halves of section I have apertured tabs 185, which are secured respectively to the upper ends of the back sections of the bodice, the left back section being section D (Fig. 7), the right tab 185, as shown in Fig. 25, fitting into the notch 186 (Figs. 7 and 8) of the back section D. Sections K and L have apertured tabs 187, which are secured respectively to front sections A and A1 (Figs. 1 and 2), at the upper ends thereof, the tab of section L fitting into notch 190 of front section A, at the upper end portion thereof (Figs. 3 and 5). The ends of the assembled neck band (Fig. 25) are secured together and the size marks may be seen through the square holes 192.
Figs. 26 and 27 illustrate the matching of square holes through which the size may read, and the matching of round holes to receive fasteners, as previously explained for connected sections.
What is claimed is:
A three-dimensional dress form comprising a bodice, a peplum connected to the lower margin of the bodice, the latter comprising a pair of adjacent front sections, a pair of adjacent back sections, a pair of adjacent side-back sections and a pair of side-front sections and the peplum comprising a pair each of front, side and back sections, adjacent sections of the bodice and peplum slidably overlapping, means for detachably connecting together the sections of the bodice and peplum, certain of said sections having straight slots and adjacent sections comprising tongues slidably fitting into said slots, said tongues having each a series of transverse straight lines thereon adapted to coincide with an edge of a slot, certain of said sections having size numerals thereon and adjacent sections having openings adapted to overlie the size numerals to render the latter visible, said sections having a plurality of holes arranged in a cluster of which only one hole of each section coincides with only one hole of an adjacent section for a given size as indicated by the transverse lines on the tongues and by said numerals, and means adapted to be releasably inserted through said coinciding holes to hold the sections in an adjusted position.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 187,826 Deutsch Feb. 27, 1877 579,491 Meas Mar. 23, 1897 1,416,405 Gurney May 16, 1922 1,715,201 Levin May 28, 1929 2,205,626 Mason June 25, 1940 2,289,858 Angrave July 14, 1942 2,384,330 Muggy et a1 Sept. 4, 1945 2,479,140 Shafarman Aug. 16, 1949 2,481,561 Beall Sept. 13, 1949 2,605,029 Cella July 29, 1952 2,724,532 Baldwin NOV. 22, 1955 FOREIGN PATENTS 205,571 France Mar. 9, 1890
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3140021A (en) * 1961-06-30 1964-07-07 Cella Luigi Flat underbust dress form
US3140023A (en) * 1961-06-30 1964-07-07 Cella Luigi Automatically adjustable dress form
US3330452A (en) * 1964-11-18 1967-07-11 Cons Packaging Corp Simulated torso
EP0143284A1 (en) * 1983-10-31 1985-06-05 Beatrice Y. Nishi Garment pattern form
US5409150A (en) * 1990-05-18 1995-04-25 Benetton S.P.A. Clothing mannequin
GB2540936A (en) * 2015-07-30 2017-02-08 Michael Shoben Martin A kit of parts for forming a dress stand

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US187826A (en) * 1877-02-27 Improvement in pantaloons
US579491A (en) * 1897-03-23 Adjustable garment-pattern
US1416405A (en) * 1919-12-04 1922-05-16 Gurney Edmund Dress form
US1715201A (en) * 1928-06-09 1929-05-28 Levin Louis Hat attachment
US2205626A (en) * 1939-08-02 1940-06-25 Frank E Mason Measuring device to determine the symmetrical size of extremities
US2289858A (en) * 1939-12-21 1942-07-14 Angrave Bruce Means for constructing busts, figures, and the like in three dimensions
US2384330A (en) * 1944-01-28 1945-09-04 Marjorie K Muggy Garment style designing set
US2479140A (en) * 1946-05-27 1949-08-16 Shafarman Nellye Garment display form
US2481561A (en) * 1947-05-09 1949-09-13 Aida T Beall Garment form
US2605029A (en) * 1948-10-04 1952-07-29 Cella Luigi Sectionalized dressmaker's form and basic pattern
US2724532A (en) * 1953-06-15 1955-11-22 Baldwin Ann Knock-down dress form

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US187826A (en) * 1877-02-27 Improvement in pantaloons
US579491A (en) * 1897-03-23 Adjustable garment-pattern
US1416405A (en) * 1919-12-04 1922-05-16 Gurney Edmund Dress form
US1715201A (en) * 1928-06-09 1929-05-28 Levin Louis Hat attachment
US2205626A (en) * 1939-08-02 1940-06-25 Frank E Mason Measuring device to determine the symmetrical size of extremities
US2289858A (en) * 1939-12-21 1942-07-14 Angrave Bruce Means for constructing busts, figures, and the like in three dimensions
US2384330A (en) * 1944-01-28 1945-09-04 Marjorie K Muggy Garment style designing set
US2479140A (en) * 1946-05-27 1949-08-16 Shafarman Nellye Garment display form
US2481561A (en) * 1947-05-09 1949-09-13 Aida T Beall Garment form
US2605029A (en) * 1948-10-04 1952-07-29 Cella Luigi Sectionalized dressmaker's form and basic pattern
US2724532A (en) * 1953-06-15 1955-11-22 Baldwin Ann Knock-down dress form

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3140021A (en) * 1961-06-30 1964-07-07 Cella Luigi Flat underbust dress form
US3140023A (en) * 1961-06-30 1964-07-07 Cella Luigi Automatically adjustable dress form
US3330452A (en) * 1964-11-18 1967-07-11 Cons Packaging Corp Simulated torso
EP0143284A1 (en) * 1983-10-31 1985-06-05 Beatrice Y. Nishi Garment pattern form
US5409150A (en) * 1990-05-18 1995-04-25 Benetton S.P.A. Clothing mannequin
GB2540936A (en) * 2015-07-30 2017-02-08 Michael Shoben Martin A kit of parts for forming a dress stand

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