US2904446A - Process of producing viscose rayon - Google Patents

Process of producing viscose rayon Download PDF

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US2904446A
US2904446A US66941457A US2904446A US 2904446 A US2904446 A US 2904446A US 66941457 A US66941457 A US 66941457A US 2904446 A US2904446 A US 2904446A
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viscose
filaments
skin
spinning
bath
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Schlatter Carl
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Akzo Nobel UK PLC
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American Viscose Corp
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Assigned to WESTERN AND SOUTHERN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY THE C/O NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, PAUL REVERE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY THE C/O THE PAUL REVERE EQUITY MANAGEMENT COMPANY, BALBOA INSURANCE COMPANY C/O THE PAUL REVERE EQUITY MANAGEMENT COMPANY, PROVIDENT ALLIANCE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY C/O THE PAUL REVERE EQUITY MANAGEMENT COMPANY, JOHN HANCOCK MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY reassignment WESTERN AND SOUTHERN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY THE C/O NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY AS SECURITY FOR INDEBTEDNESS RECITED ASSIGNOR GRANTS , BARGAINS, MORTGAGES, PLEDGES, SELLS AND CREATES A SECURITY INTEREST WITH A LIEN UNDER SAID PATENTS, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS RECITED. (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: AVTEX FIBERS INC. A NY CORP.
Assigned to KELLOGG CREDIT CORPORATION A DE CORP. reassignment KELLOGG CREDIT CORPORATION A DE CORP. AGREEMENT WHEREBY SAID HELLER AND RAYONIER RELEASES ALL MORTGAGES AND SECURITY INTERESTS HELD BY AVTEX ON APRIL 28, 1978, AND JAN. 11, 1979, RESPECTIVELY AND ASSIGNS ITS ENTIRE INTEREST IN SAID MORT-AGAGE AGREEMENT TO ASSIGNEE (SEE RECORD FOR DETAILS) Assignors: AVTEX FIBERS INC., A NY CORP., ITT RAYONIER INCORPORATED, A DE CORP., WALTER E. HELLER & COMPANY, INC. A NY CORP.
Assigned to WALTER E. HELLER & COMPANY, INC., A CORP. OF DEL. reassignment WALTER E. HELLER & COMPANY, INC., A CORP. OF DEL. AGREEMENT WHEREBY AETNA RELEASES AVTEX FROM ALL MORTAGES AND SECURITY INTERESTS IN SAID INVENTIONS AS OF JANUARY 11,1979, AND ASSIGNS TO ASSIGNEE THE ENTIRE INTEREST IN SAID MORTAGE AGREEMENT TO ASSIGNEE (SEE RECORDS FOR DETAILS). Assignors: AETNA BUSINESS CREDIT, INC., A CORP. OF N.Y., AVTEX FIBERS, INC, A CORP. OF NY, KELLOGG CREDIT CORP., A CORP. OF DEL.
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F2/00Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of cellulose or cellulose derivatives; Manufacture thereof
    • D01F2/06Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of cellulose or cellulose derivatives; Manufacture thereof from viscose
    • D01F2/08Composition of the spinning solution or the bath
    • D01F2/10Addition to the spinning solution or spinning bath of substances which exert their effect equally well in either

Description

United States Patent Ofiice PROCESS OF PRODUCING VISCOSE RAYON Carl Schlatter, Wilmington, Del., assignor to American Viscose Corporation, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Original application November 3, 1954, Serial No. 466,695. Divided and this application July 2, 1957, Serial No. 669,414
6 Claims. (Cl. 106-165) This invention relates to the production of shaped bodies of regenerated cellulose from viscose and more particularly to filaments and fibers of regenerated cellulose from viscose.
In the conventional methods of producing shaped bodies of regenerated cellulose from viscose, a suitable cellulosic material such as purified cotton linters, wood pulp, mixtures thereof, and the like is first converted to an alkali cellulose by treatment with a caustic soda solution and after shredding the treated cellulose material, it is allowed to age. The aged alkali cellulose is then converted to a xanthate by treatment with carbon disulfide. The cellulose xanthate is subsequently dissolved in a caustic soda solution in an amount calculated to provide a viscose of the desired cellulose and alkali content. After filtration, the viscose solution is allowed to ripen and is subsequently extruded through a shaped orifice into a suitable coagulating and regenerating bath.
In the production of shaped bodies such as filaments, the viscose solution is extruded through a spinneret into a coagulating and regenerating bath consisting of an aqueous acid solution containing zinc sulfate. The filament may subsequently be passed through a hot aqueous bath where it is stretched to improve its properties such as tensile strength. The filament may then be passed through a dilute aqueous solution of sulfuric acid and sodium sulfate to complete the regeneration of the cellulose, in case it is not completely regenerated upon leaving the stretching stage. The filament is subsequently subjected to washing, purification, bleaching, possibly other treating operations and drying, being collected either before or after these treatments.
The filaments as formed by the conventional methods, consist of a skin or outer shell portion and a core portion with a sharp line of demarkation between the two. The cross-section of the filaments exhibits a very irregular or crenulated exterior surface when even small amounts of zinc salts or certain other polyvalent metal salts are present in the spinning bath. The skin and core portions of the filament represent differences in crystal structure and these different portions possess different swelling and staining characteristics, the latter permitting a ready identification of skin and core. The sharply irregular and crenulated surface structure has a relatively low abrasion resistance and readily picks up foreign particles such as dirt. Although the core portion possesses a relatively high tensile strength, it has a low abrasion resistance and a low flex-life, is subject to fibrillation and is relatively stiff.
It has now been discovered that the presence of small amounts of water-soluble alkylene oxide adducts of 2- aliphatic substituted imidazolines in viscose, in the spinning bath, or in both the viscose and the bath results in the production of shaped bodies of regenerated cellulose such as filaments, films, sheets and the like composed of all skin and having improved properties and characteristics providing that the amount of the adduet is maintained with certain limits and the composition of the spinning bath is maintained within certain composition limits which will be defined hereinafter. The most readily distinguishable characteristic as compared to conventional filaments include a smooth, non-crenulated surface and the filaments consist entirely of skin.
This invention contemplates the use of alkylene oxide adducts of substituted imidazolines having from about 5 to about 30 or more alkyleneoxide groups per molecule, preferably from about 10 to about 20 alkylene oxide units per molecule of the imidazoline. It is obvious that for all practical purposes considering cost, ease of preparation, commercial availability and solubility in water, in alkali solutions and in acid solutions, the ethylene oxide adducts are preferred.
7 The ethylene oxide adducts of the 2-aliphatic-substituted imidazolines correspond to the general formula where n is a whole number preferably between 10 and 20 and R is an aliphatic radical. The aliphatic radical is a straight hydrocarbon chain containing from 5 to 23 carbon atoms and may be saturated or unsaturated. The aliphatic radical may be obtained from the fatty acids derived from animal and vegetable fats and oils such as coconut oil, cottonseed oil, corn oil, soya bean oil, palm oils, peanut oil, tallow and the like and the hydrogena'ted fats and oils. The substances employed for the purposes of the present invention may consist of a mixture of substituted imidazolines where the aliphatic radicals are derived from the mixture of fatty acids of a particular fat or oil such as coconut oil, or they may consist of relatively pure compounds where a pure fatty acid isvemployed in preparing the compound. The substances may 'be prepared by reacting aminoethylethanolamine with a fatty acid such as lauric, oleic, palmitic or stearic acid to form a 2-aliphatic l-ethanol imidazoline such as the 2-lauryl, 2-oleyl, Z-palmityl or 2-stearylcompound. Where a mixture of acids is employed it is obvious that there will be a mixture of imidazolines in a distribution dependent upon the source of the acids. The 2-aliphatic 1-ethanol imidazoline is then reacted with ethylene oxide or a polyoxyethylene glycol. Eth
be reacted with ethylene oxide to form substances satisfactory for the purposes of this invention include Drew F] and Amine 220 both of which are 2-oleyl 1- ethanol imidazoline.
The production of all skin products requires that certain minimum amounts of the alkylene oxide adduet be in solution in the viscose or in the spinning bath.
Therefore, the alkylene oxide adduet must have suflicient solubility to permit the minimum amount of the adduct to be dissolved in the viscose or the spinning bath or both. The adduet may be conveniently added to the viscose in the form of a solution in alkali or water and to the spinning bath in a solution of water or of the spinning bath.
Where the alkylene oxide adduet of the substituted imidazoline is to be added to the viscose, the amount of the adduct which is incorporated in viscose must be at least about 0.25% by weight of the cellulose in the viscose and may vary up to about 4%, preferably, the amount varies from 0.5% to 2%. Lesser amounts do Patented Sept. 15, 1959-.
not result in the production of products consisting entirely of skin and greater amounts affect adversely the physical properties of the products. Amounts within the preferred range are most effective in enhancing the characteristics and properties of the products. The adductof the substituted imidazoline may be added at any desired stage in the'production of the viscose such asin thepreparation' of the refined wood pulp for the manufacture ofviscose, before or during the shredding ofthe alkali cellulose, to the xa'nthated cellulose while it' is bein'gdissolved in the caustic solution or to the viscoses'olution before or after filtration. The adduct is preferably added after' the cellulose xanthate has been dissolved inth'e caustic solution and prior to filtration.
The-viscose may contain from about 6% to about 8% cellulose, the particular source of the cellulose being selectedfor'the' ultimate use of the regenerated cellulose product. The caustic soda content may be from about 4%" to about 8% and the carbon disulfide content may be from about 30% toabout 50% based upon the weight of the cellulose. Thernodified viscose, that is, a viscose containing the small amount of adduct, may have a salt test above about 7 and preferably above about 9 at the time of spinning or extrusion.
In order to obtain the improvements enumerated hereinbefore, it is essential that the composition of the spinning bath be maintained within a well defined range. The presence of the alkylene oxide adducts of the substituted imidazolines in the viscose or in the spinning bath' combined with these limited spinning baths results in the production of yarns of improved properties such as high tenacity, high abrasion resistance, high fatigue' resistance and consisting of filaments composed entirely of skin.
Generically, and in terms of the industrial art, the spinning bath is a low acid-high zinc spinning bath. The bath'shou'ld contain from about 10% to about 25% sodium sulfate and from about 3% to about zinc sulfate, preferably from 15% to 22% sodium sulfate and from 4% to 9% Zinc sulfate. Other metal sulfates such as iron, manganese, nickel and the like may be present and may replace some of the zinc sulfate. The temperature ofthe'spinning bath may vary from about 25 C. to about 80 C., preferably between about 45 C. and about 70 C. In the production of the all skin type filaments, the temperature of the spinning bath is not critical, however, as is well known in the conventional practice in the art, certain of the physical properties such astensile strength vary directly with the temperature' of the spinning bath. Thus, in the production of filaments for tire cord'purposes in accordance with the method of this invention, the spinning bath is preferably maintained at a' temperature between about 55 C. and 65 C. so as to obtain the desired high tensile strength.
The acid content of the spinning bath is balanced against the composition of the viscose. The lower limit of-the acid concentration, as is well known in the art, isjust above the slubbing point, that is, the concentration at which small slubs of uncoagulated viscose appear in the strand as it leaves the spinning bath. For commercial operations, the acid concentration of the spinning bath is generally maintained about 0.4% to 0.5% above the slubbing point. For any specific viscose composition, the acid concentration of the spinning bath must be maintained above the slubbing point and below the point at which the neutralization of the caustic of the viscose is sufiicientlyrapid to form a filament having a skin and core;
There is a maximum acid concentration for any specific viscose composition beyond which the neutralization is sufiiciently rapid to produce filaments having a' skin and core. For example, in general, the acid concentration ofthe spinning baths which are satisfactory for the production of the all skin products from a- 7% of the substituted imidazolines lies between about 5% and about 8.4%. The acid concentration may be increased as the amount of adduct is increased and also as the salt test of the viscose is increased. There is an upper limit, however, for the acid concentration based upon the amount of modifier and the concentration of caustic in the viscose. All skin products cannot be obtained if the acid concentration is increased above the maximum value although the amount of the adduct of the substituted imidazoline is increased beyond about 4% while other conditions are maintained constant. Increasing the caustic soda content of the viscose beyond about 8% is uneconomical for commercial production methods. For example, a viscose containing about 7% cellulose, about 6% caustic soda, about 41% (based on the weight of cellulose) carbon disulfide, 1% (based on the weight of cellulose) of an ethylene oxide adduct of 2-oleyl imidazoline containing about 14 ethylene oxide units per molecule and having a salt-test of about 10 when extruded into spinning baths containing 16 to 20% sodium sulfate, 4 to 8% zinc sulfate and sulfuric acid not more than about 8%, results in the production of all skin filaments. Lesser amounts of sulfuric acid may be employed. Greater amounts of sulfuric acid result in the production of products having skin and core. A lowering of the amount of adduct of the substituted imidazoline, the lowering of the causticsoda content or the lowering of the salt test of the viscose reduces the maximum permissible acid concentration for the production'of all skin filaments. It has been determined that the maximum concentration of acidwhich is permissible for the production of all skin products is about 1.4 times the caustic soda content of the viscose and is preferably held between about 1.2 and 1.3 times the caustic soda content of the viscose.
The presence of the adducts of the substituted imidazolines in the viscose retards the coagulation and, therefore, the amount of adduct employed must be reduced at high spinning speeds. Thus, for optimum physical characteristics of an all skin yarn formed from a viscose as above and at a spinning speed of about 50 meters per minute, the adduct is employed in amounts within'thelower portion of the range, for example, about 0.5%. The determination of the specific maximum and optimum concentration of acid for any specific viscose, spinning bath and-spinning speed is a matter of simple experimentation for those skilled in the art. The extruded viscose must, of course, be immersed or maintained in the spinning bath for a period sufficient to effectrelatively complete coagulation of the viscose, that is, the coagulation must be sufiicient so that the filaments will not adhere to each other as they are brought together and withdrawn from the bath.
In the production of filaments for such purposes as the fabricationof tire cord, the filaments are preferably stretched after removal from the initial coagulating and regenerating bath. From the initial spinning bath, the filaments may be passed through a hot aqueous bath which may consist of hot water or a dilute acid solution and may be stretched from about 70% to about 120%, preferably between and Yarns for other textile purposes may be stretched as low as 20%. The precise amount of stretching will be dependent upon the desired tenacity and other properties and the specific type of product being produced. It is to be understood that the invention is not restricted to the production of filaments and yarns but it is also applicable to other shaped bodies such as sheets, films, tubes and the like; The filaments may then be passed through a final regenerating bath which may contain from about 1% to about 5% sulfuric acid and from about 1% to about 5% sodium-sulfate with or without small amounts of Zinc sulfate if regenerationhas not previously been completed.
The tr'eatm'ent following the final regenerating bath, or
the stretching operation where regeneration has been completed, may consist of a 'washingstep, a desulfun'zing step, the application of a finishing or plasticizing material and drying before or after collecting, or may include other desired and conventional steps such as bleaching and the like. The treatment after regeneration will be dictated by the specific type of shaped body and the proposed use thereof.
Regenerated cellulose filaments prepared from viscose containing the small amounts of the water-soluble alkyl ene oxide adducts of the substituted imidazolines and spun in the spinning baths of limited acid content have a smooth or non-crenulated surface and consists substantially entirely of skin. Because of the uniformity of crystal structure throughout the filament, the swelling and staining characteristics are uniform throughout the cross-section of the filament. Filaments produced pursuant to this invention and consisting entirely of skin have a high toughness and a greater flexing life than filaments as produced according to prior methods which may be attributed by the uniformity in skin structure throughout the filament. Although the twisting of conventional filaments, as in the production of tire cord, results in an appreciable loss of tensile strength, there is appreciably less loss in tensile strength in the production of twisted cords from the filaments consisting entirely of skin. Filaments prepared from viscose containing the alkylene oxide adducts of the substituted imidazolines have a high tensile strength as compared to normal regenerated cellulose filaments, have superior abrasion and fatigue resistance characteristics and have a high flex-life. Such filaments are highly satisfactory for the production of cords for the reinforcement of rubber products such as pneumatic tire casings, but the filaments are not restricted to such uses and may be used for other textile applications.
Like improvements in the characteristics and properties of the products are also (obtained by incorporating the alkylene oxide adducts of the substituted imidazolines in the spinning bath in place of adding the adduct to the viscose. It is essential that the composition of the spinning bath, particularly the acid concentration be maintained within the limits set forth hereinbefore. In order to produce products consisting of all skin, the amount of the alkylene oxide adduct of the substituted imidazoline dissolved in the spinning bath must be at least about 0.005% by weight and is preferably maintained between about 0.0075 and about 0.010%. The upper limit does not appear to be critical as in the incorporation of the adducts in the viscose. The upper limit is dependent upon the solubility of the particular adduct and by economic considerations since amounts exceeding about 0.05% are not more effective in improving the properties of the products.
It is obvious that the adducts may be added to-both the viscose and the spinning bath, if desired. In such instance, it is also essential to maintain the amounts of the adduct in the viscose and in the spinning bath, and the composition of the spinning bath within the stated limits. The all skin products of improved properties are obtained only when the spinning operation in the presence of the alkylene oxide adducts of the substituted imidazolines is carried rout within the spinning bath composition as set forth hereinbefore.
The invention may be illustrated by reference to the preparation of regenerated cellulose filaments from a viscose containing about 7% cellulose, about 6% caustic soda, and having a total carbon disulfide content of about 41% based on the weight of the cellulose. The viscose solutions were prepared by xanthating alkali cellulose by the introduction of 36% carbon disulfide based on the weight of the cellulose and churning for about 2% hours. The cellulose xanthate was then dissolved in caustic soda solution. An additional 5% carbon disulfide was then added to the mixer and the mass mixed for about one 6 hour. The viscose was then allowed to ripen for about 30 hours at 18 C. In those instances where the modifier was incorporated in the viscose, the desired amount of an ethylene oxide adduct of the 2-oleyl imidazoline was added to the solution and mixed for about /2 hour before allowing the viscose to ripen.
Example 1 Approximately 1% (based on the weight of the cellulose) of an ethylene oxide adduct of 2-oleyl imidazoline containing about 18 ethylene oxide units per molecule of 2-oleyl imidazoline was added to and incorporated in the viscose as described above. The viscose employed in the spinning of filaments had a salt test of 10. The viscose was extruded through a spinneret to form a 1650 denier, 720 filament cord at a rate of about 22 me ters per minute. The coagulating and regenerating bath was maintained at a temperature of about 60 C. and contained "7.1% sulfuric acid, 8% zinc sulfate and 17% sodium sulfate. The cord was stretched about washed free of acids and salts by treatment with Water at about C. on thread advancing reels, dried and collected on cones.
The individual filaments have a smooth, non-crenulated exterior surface and consist entirely of skin, no core being detectable athigh magnification (e.g. 1500 The filaments of a control yarn spun with the same viscose but without the addition of the modified agent and spun under the same conditions, exhibit a very irregular and serrated surface and are composed of about 75% skin and the balance core with a sharp line of demarkation between the skin and core. Other physical properties 'are set forth in the table which follows the examples.
ExampleZ A viscose solution as described above (no adduct added) having a salt test of 9.8 was spun into a 210 denier, filament yarn by extrusion into a spinning bath containing 7.5% sulfuric acid, 7.7% zinc sulfate, 20% sodium sulfate and 0.0075 of an ethylene oxide adduct of 2-oley1 imidazoline containing about 14 ethylene oxide units per molecule of 2-oleyl imidazoline. The bath was maintained at 60 C. and the extrusion rate was about 22 meters per minute. The filaments were passed through a hot water bath maintained at about 95 C. and stretched about 82%. The yarn was collected in a spinning bxox, washed free of acid and salts and dried. The filaments have a smooth, non-crenulated surface and consist entirely of skin while control filaments have a very irregular and serrated surface and consist of about 75 skin and the balance core with a sharp line of demarkation between the skin and core. Other physical characteristics are set forth in the table which follows'the i examples.
Example 3 To a viscose as described above, there was added 1% of an ethylene oxide adduct of 2-oleyl imidazoline containing 14 ethylene oxide units per molecule. The viscose had a salt test of 9.8 and was spun into a 210 denier, 120 filament yarn by extrusion into a spinning bath containing 8% sulfuric acid, 7.7% zinc sulfate, 20% sodium sulfate, and about 0.0075 of an ethylene oxide adduct of 2-oleyl imidazoline containing 14 ethylene oxide units per molecule. The bath was maintained at 60 C. and the extrusion rate was about 22 meters per minute. The filaments were subsequently passed through a hot water bath at 95 C. and stretched about 82%. The yarn was collected in a spinning box, washed free of acids and salts and dried.
The individual filaments were readily distinguishable from control filaments in that they have a smooth, noncrenulated surface and consist entirely of skin While the control filaments have a very irregular and serrated surface and consist of about 75 skin and the balance core with asharp line of demarkation between the skin and the core. Other physical properties are set forth in the tablewhich follows the examples;
Example 4 As a control for the foregoing-examples, a viscose solution, prepared as described above, having a salt test of was spun into a 210 denier, 120 filament yar-n by extrusion into a bath containing 7.6 sulfuric'acid, 8% zin'c sulfate and'18% sodium sulfate. The bath was maintained at a temperature of about 61 C. The extrusion rate was about 22 meters per minute. The water bath was maintained at a temperature of about 95 C. and the filaments were stretched 82% while passing through the hot water. The yarn was collected in a spinning box, washed free of acid and salts and dried.
The individual filaments have-a very irregular and serrated surface and consist of about 75% skin and the balance core with a sharp line ofdemarkation between the skin and the core. Other characteristics are set forth in the table which follows:
Tenacity grams Elongation,
per denier percent 'Skin,
percent Wet Dry Wet Dry Example 1 3.1 4. 2 32 10 100 Example 2. 2. 8 3. 4 29 22 100 Example 3 2. 4 3. 2 29 22 100 Example 4 (control) 2. 1 2. 8 27 21 75 Although the tenacity and elongation are the only properties set forth, they have been chosen because of'the ease and simplicity with which such properties may be determined. In some instances, products made in accordance with this invention do not exhibit large or great improvements in tenacity and elongation, however, the products consist of a smooth-surfaced, all skin structure an'dpossess improved abrasion resistance, flex-life and other'properties as disclosed hereinbefore.
One of the properties of viscose rayon which has limited its uses is its-relatively high cross-sectional swelling when wet with water, this swelling amounting to from about 65% to about 80% for rayon produced by conven-' tional methods. Rayon filament-s produced in accordance with the method of this invention have an appreciably lower cross sectional swelling characteristic, the swelling amounting to from about'45% to' about 60%.
The modifier of this invention may be added to any desired viscose such as those normally used in industry, the specific viscose composition'set forth above, being merely for illustrative purposes. The alkylene oxide adduct of the substituted imi-dazolines may be added at'any desired stage in the production of theviscose' and may be present in the cellulosic raw material although it may be necessary to adjust the amount present to produce a viscose having, the proper proportions of the adduct at the time of spinning;
The term skin'is employed to designate that portion of regenerated cellulose filaments which is permanently stained or dyed by the following procedure: A microtome section of one or' more of the filaments mounted in a wax block is taken and mounted on a slide with Meyers albumin fixative. After dewaxing in xylene, the section is placed in successive baths of 60% and 30% alcohol for a few moments each, and it is then stained in 2% aqueous solution of Victoria Blue BS cone. (General Dyestuffs Corp.) for 1 to 2 hours. At this point, the entire section is blue. By rinsing the section first in distilled water and then in one or more baths composed 8 of 10% water and dioxane'for a period varying from 5 to 30 minutes depending on the particular filament, the dye is entirely removed from 'the'core, leaving it restricted to the skin areas.
This application is a division of my copending application Serial No. 466,695, filed November 3, 1954.
While preferred embodiments of the inventionhave been disclosed, the description is intended to be illustrative-and it is to be'understood that changes and variations maybe made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention-as defined by the appended claims.
I claim:
1. A'viscose' spinning solution-containing from about 0.25 %"toabout 4%, based on the weight of the cellulosein the Viscose, of a substance selectedfrom the group consisting of water-soluble compounds corresponding to the formula RO'N(CzH O),.-H
0. Hz where n is between about 5 and about 30 and R'is an aliphatic hydrocarbon chain containing from 5 to 23 carbon'atoms and mixtures of such compounds.
2. Aviscose spinning solution-as defined in-claim 1 wherein the selected substance corresponds to the formula of claim 1 where n is between about 10 and about 20 and R is the oleyl radical.
3. A viscose spinning solution as defined in claim 1 wherein the selected substance corresponds to the formula of claim l where nis about 10 and about 20 and R is'the lauryl radical.
4. A viscose spinning solution as defined in claim 1 wherein the selected substance corresponds to the formula of claim 1 where n is between about 10 and about 20 and R is the palmityl radical.
5. A viscose spinning solution as defined in claim-1 wherein the selected substance corresponds -to the formula of claim 1 Where n is between about 10 andabout 20- and R is the stearyl radical.
6. A viscose spinning solution containing a small amount of a substance selected from the group consisting of water-soluble compounds corresponding to the formula" H2 where n is between about 5 andabout 30 and R- is an aliphatic hydrocarbon chain containing from 5 to 23 carbon atoms and' mixtures of such compounds, s'aid small amount of the substance being a quantity sufficient to impart a smooth, non-crenulated surface and a substantially all skin structure to products formedby spinning the viscose at'a sodium chloride salt test of at least 7 into an'aqueous bath containing from 15% to 22% sodium sulfate,- from4% to 9% zinc sulfate and sulfu'ric acid in a percentage of between 1.2 and 1.3 times the percentage of'caustic' soda in the viscose, but the quantity being insufficient to adversely affectth'e physical properties of such products.
References Cited in the'file of this patent UNITEDSTATES PATENTS 2,373,712 Schlosser et' al; Apr. 17, 1945 2,535,044 Cox' Dec. 26, 1950 2,593,466 MacLaurin'et a1 Apr. 22, 1952

Claims (1)

1. A VISCOSE SPINNING SOLUTION CONTAINING FROM ABOUT 0.25% TO ABOUT 4%, BASED ON THE WEIGHT OF THE CELLULOSE IN THE VISCOSE, OF A SUBSTANCE SELECTED FROM THE GROUP CONSISTING OF WATER-SOLUBLE COMPOUNDS CORRESPONDING TO THE FORMULA
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2974004A (en) * 1954-11-25 1961-03-07 American Enka Corp Production of shaped objects from viscose
US2984541A (en) * 1959-04-20 1961-05-16 American Viscose Corp Method of forming all skin viscose rayon
US3056688A (en) * 1960-01-21 1962-10-02 Atlas Chem Ind Spinning of viscose

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2373712A (en) * 1943-04-19 1945-04-17 Rayonier Inc Viscose production
US2535044A (en) * 1947-04-26 1950-12-26 Du Pont Spinning of viscose
US2593466A (en) * 1948-07-16 1952-04-22 Ind Rayon Corp Viscose spinning solution

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2373712A (en) * 1943-04-19 1945-04-17 Rayonier Inc Viscose production
US2535044A (en) * 1947-04-26 1950-12-26 Du Pont Spinning of viscose
US2593466A (en) * 1948-07-16 1952-04-22 Ind Rayon Corp Viscose spinning solution

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2974004A (en) * 1954-11-25 1961-03-07 American Enka Corp Production of shaped objects from viscose
US2984541A (en) * 1959-04-20 1961-05-16 American Viscose Corp Method of forming all skin viscose rayon
US3056688A (en) * 1960-01-21 1962-10-02 Atlas Chem Ind Spinning of viscose

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