US2898182A - Method of preparing viscose rayon - Google Patents

Method of preparing viscose rayon Download PDF

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US2898182A
US2898182A US478940A US47894054A US2898182A US 2898182 A US2898182 A US 2898182A US 478940 A US478940 A US 478940A US 47894054 A US47894054 A US 47894054A US 2898182 A US2898182 A US 2898182A
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viscose
filaments
skin
cellulose
bath
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US478940A
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Marion R Lytton
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Robert Bosch GmbH
Akzo Nobel UK PLC
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American Viscose Corp
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Assigned to ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, A LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY OF GERMANY reassignment ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, A LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY OF GERMANY ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: KLENK ROBERT, KROTZ HERMANN
Assigned to WALTER E. HELLER & COMPANY, INC., A CORP. OF DEL. reassignment WALTER E. HELLER & COMPANY, INC., A CORP. OF DEL. AGREEMENT WHEREBY AETNA RELEASES AVTEX FROM ALL MORTAGES AND SECURITY INTERESTS IN SAID INVENTIONS AS OF JANUARY 11,1979, AND ASSIGNS TO ASSIGNEE THE ENTIRE INTEREST IN SAID MORTAGE AGREEMENT TO ASSIGNEE (SEE RECORDS FOR DETAILS). Assignors: AETNA BUSINESS CREDIT, INC., A CORP. OF N.Y., AVTEX FIBERS, INC, A CORP. OF NY, KELLOGG CREDIT CORP., A CORP. OF DEL.
Assigned to BALBOA INSURANCE COMPANY C/O THE PAUL REVERE EQUITY MANAGEMENT COMPANY, PROVIDENT ALLIANCE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY C/O THE PAUL REVERE EQUITY MANAGEMENT COMPANY, PAUL REVERE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY THE C/O THE PAUL REVERE EQUITY MANAGEMENT COMPANY, JOHN HANCOCK MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, WESTERN AND SOUTHERN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY THE C/O NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY reassignment BALBOA INSURANCE COMPANY C/O THE PAUL REVERE EQUITY MANAGEMENT COMPANY AS SECURITY FOR INDEBTEDNESS RECITED ASSIGNOR GRANTS , BARGAINS, MORTGAGES, PLEDGES, SELLS AND CREATES A SECURITY INTEREST WITH A LIEN UNDER SAID PATENTS, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS RECITED. (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: AVTEX FIBERS INC. A NY CORP.
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08BPOLYSACCHARIDES; DERIVATIVES THEREOF
    • C08B16/00Regeneration of cellulose
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F2/00Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of cellulose or cellulose derivatives; Manufacture thereof
    • D01F2/06Monocomponent artificial filaments or the like of cellulose or cellulose derivatives; Manufacture thereof from viscose
    • D01F2/08Composition of the spinning solution or the bath
    • D01F2/10Addition to the spinning solution or spinning bath of substances which exert their effect equally well in either

Description

United States Patent Cfific 2,898,182 Patented Aug. 4, 1959 2,892,182 METHODOF PREPARING VISCOSE RAYON Marion R. Lytton, West Chester, Pa., assignor .to American Viscose Corporation, Philadelphia, Pa., a corpora- :tionof Delaware No Drawing. Application December 30, 1954 Serial No. 478,940
6 Claims. (Cl. 18-54) This invention relates to the production of shaped bodies of regenerated cellulose from viscose and more particularly to filaments and fibers of regenerated cellulose from viscose.
In the conventional methods of producing shaped bodies of regenerated cellulose from viscose, a suitable cellulosic material such as purified cotton linters, wood pulp, mixtures thereof, and the like is first converted to an alkali cellulose by treatment with a caustic soda solution and after shredding the treated cellulose material, it is allowed to age. The aged alkali cellulose is then converted to a xanthate by treatment with carbon disulfide. The cellulose xanthate is subsequently dissolved in a causticsoda solution in an amount calculated to providea viscose of the desired cellulose and alkali content. .After filtration, the viscose solution is allowed to ripen and is subsequently extruded through a shaped orifice into a suitable coagulating and regenerating bath.
In the production of shaped bodies such as filaments, the viscose solution is extruded through a spinneret into a coagulating 'and regenerating bath consisting or an aqueous acid solution containing zinc sulfate. The filament may subsequently be passed through a, hot aqueous bath where it is stretched to improve its properties such as tensile strength. The filament may then be passed through a dilute aqueous solution of sulfuric acid and sodium sulfate to complete the regeneration of the cellulose, in case it is not completely regenerated upon leaving the stretching stage. The filamentis' subsequently subjected to washing, purification, bleaching, possibly other treating operations and drying, being collected either before or after these treatments.
The filaments as formed by the conventional methods, consist of a skin or outer shell portion and a core portion with a sharp line of demarkation between the two. The cross-section of the filaments exhibits a very irregular or crenulated exterior surface when even small amounts of zinc salts or certain other polyvalent metal salts are present in the spinning bath. The skin and core portions of the filament represent differences in structure and these different portions possess different swelling and staining characteristics, the latter permitting a ready identification of skin and core. The sharply irregular and crenulated surface structure has a relatively low abrasion resistance and readily picks up foreign particles such. as dirt. Although the core portion possesses a relatively high'tensile strength, it has a low abrasion resistance and a low flex-life, is subject to fibrillation and is relatively stiff.
It has now been discovered that the presence of small amounts of certain alkali-soluble alkylene oxide adducts of N-fatty alkyl or N-aliphatic alanine (aminopropionic acid) in viscose results in the production of shaped bodies of regenerated cellulose such as filaments, films, sheets and the like composed of all skin and having improved properties and characteristics providing that the amount of the alkylene oxide adduct is maintained with conveniently added to viscose in-the 2 certain limits and the composition of the spinning bath is maintained within certain composition limits which Will be defined hereinafter. The most readily distinguishable characteristics as compared to conventional filaments include a smooth, non-crenulated surface and the filaments consist entirely of skin.
The alkylene oxide adduct utilized in the modification of the viscose may bean adduct of either the alpha or beta forms of N-fatty alkylor N-aliphatic alanine. The fatty alkyl group or aliphatic radical is a straighthydrocarbon chain containing from 6 to 24 carbon atoms and-may be saturated or unsaturated. Theradical may be obtained from the fatty acids derived from animal and vegetable fats and oils such as coconut oil, cottonseedoil, corn oil, soya bean oil, palm oils, peanut oil, tallow and the likeand the hydrogenated fats and oils. These alanine derivatives asutilized for the purposes of thisinvention may be pure compounds wherein a relatively .pure aliphatic radical, such as a lauryl radical, is employed in preparing the adduct, orthe N-aliphatic alanine may consist ofamixture of compounds where the aliphatic radicals ofthe individual compounds are obtained from a mixture of fatty acidsof a particular fat or oil such as coconut oil. The adducts may be prepared by reacting a N-aliphatic, alanine, or a mixture of N- aliphatic alanines with an alkylene oxide or a polyoxyalkylene glycol. Adducts which aresatisfactory for the purposes of this inventionmaybe derived from capric, lauric, myristic, oleic, stearic acids and like acids or fron-r a mixture of fatty acids such as obtained from coconut oil orother fat or oil. The compounds may be form of solutions in alkali or in water.
This invention contemplates the use of alkylene oxide adducts of N-fatty alkyl or N-aliphatic alanines having from about-8 to about 30 or more alkyleneoxide units per molecule, preferably between about 12 and 20 alkylene oxide-units per molecule of the N-aliphatic'alanine. It'is obvious that for all practical purposes considering cost, ease of preparation-, commercia'l availability and solubility in waterandin alkali-solutions, the ethylene oxide adducts are preferred. For purposes of illustration only, the invention is described by reference to the ethylene oxide adducts but it is to be understood that other alkylene oxide adducts such as propylene oxide adducts are equally satisfactory so long as they possess the required solubility. That is, the adduct must have sufficient solubility to permit a minimum amount of the adduct to be dissolved in the viscose. Commercial materials of this type such as the substance marketed as Good-Rite CEA are entirely satisfactory. This substance is a reaction product of ethylene oxide and a mixture of N-aliphatic alanines wherein the aliphatic radicals of the individual alanines are obtained from coconut oil and has an average of about 15 ethylene oxide units per molecule of the N-fatty alkyl alanine. v
. The term adduct is used herein to simplify the disc'losureand description and designates the reaction products formed by the reaction of an alkylene oxide or a polyoxyalkylene glycol with an N-fatty alkyl ,alanine .or a-mixture of N-fatty alkyl alanines wherein the polyof analine being within the stated range, are satisfactory.
These alkali-soluble adducts may be represented by the following structural formulas, the first representing 3 the adducts of the alpha form of alanine and the second representing the adducts of the beta form of alanine wherein R is an aliphatic radical or straight carbon chain of from 6 to 24 carbon atoms, at is 2 or 3 and m is from about 8 to about 30, preferably from 12 to 20.
The amount of the adduct or modifier which is incorporated in the viscose must be at least about 0.5 by weight of the cellulose in the viscose and may vary up to about 4%, preferably, the amount varies from 0.5% to 2.5%. Lesser amounts do not result in the production of products consisting entirely of skin and greater amounts affect adversely the physical properties of the products. Amounts within the preferred range are most effective in enhancing the characteristics and properties of the products. The adduct may be added at any desired stage in the production of the viscose such as in the preparation of the refined wood pulp for the manufacture of viscose, before or during the shredding of the alkali cellulose, to the xanthated cellulose while it is being dissolved in the caustic solution or to the viscose solution before or after filtration. The adduct is preferably added after the cellulose xanthate has been dissolved in the caustic solution and prior to filtration.
The viscose may contain from about 6% to about 8% cellulose, the particular source of the cellulose being selected for the ultimate use of the regenerated cellulose product. The caustic soda content may be from about 4% to about 8% and the carbon disulfide content may be from about 30% to about 50% based upon the ning bath be maintained within a well defined range.
The presence of the alkylene oxide adduct in the viscose combined with these limited spinning baths results in the production of yarns of improved properties such as high tenacity, high abrasion resistance, high fatigue re- The acid content of the spinning bath is balanced against the composition of the viscose. The lower limit of the acid concentration, as is well known in the art, is just above the slubbing point, that is, the concentration at which small slubs of uncoagulated viscose appear in the strand as it leaves the spinning bath. For commercial operations, the acid concentration of the spinning bath is generally maintained about 0.4% to 0.5% above the slubbing point. For any specific viscose composition, the acid concentration of the spinning bath must be maintained above the slubbing point and below the point at which the neutralization of the caustic of the viscose is sufliciently rapid to form a filament having a skin and core.
. tion of the spinning baths which are satisfactory for the production of the all skin products from a 7% cellulose, 6% caustic-viscose and containing the alkylene oxide adducts lies between about 5% and about 8%. The acid concentration may be increased as the amount of the derivative is increased and also as the salt test of sistance and consisting of filaments composed entirely of skin.
Generically and in terms of the industrial art, the spinning bath is a low acid-high zinc spinning bath containing from about 10% to about 25% sodium sulfate and from about 3% to about 15% Zinc sulfate, preferably from 15 to 22% sodium sulfate and from 4% to 9% zinc sulfate. Other metal sulfates such as iron, manganese, nickel and the like may be present and may replace some of the zinc sulfate. The temperature of the spinning bath may vary from about 25 C. to about 80 0, preferably between about 45 C. and about 70 C. In the production of the all skin type filaments, the temperature of the spinning bath is not critical, however, as is well known in the conventional practice in the art, certain of the physical properties such as tensile strength vary directly with the temperature of the spinning'bath. Thus, in the production of filaments for tire cord purposes in accordance with the method of this invention, the spinning bath is preferably maintained at a temperature between about C. and 65 C. so as to obtain the desired high tensile strength.
the viscose is increased. There is an upper limit, however, for the acid concentration based upon the amount of adduct and the concentration of caustic in the viscose. All skin products cannot be obtained if the acid concentration is increased above the maximum value although the amount of the alkylene oxide adduct is increased beyond about 4% while other conditions are mantained constant. Increasing the caustic soda content of the viscose beyond about 8% is uneconomical for commercial production methods. For example, a viscose containing about 7% cellulose, about 6% caustic soda, about 41% (based on the weight of cellulose) carbon disulfide, and 2% (based on the weight of cellulose) of an ethylene oxide adduct of a mixture of N-aliphatic alanines, as described, in which the aliphatic radicals of the individual alanines are obtained from the fatty acids of coconut oil and having about 15 ethylene oxide units per molecule, and having a salt test of about 9.5 when extruded into spinning baths containing 16 to 20% sodium sulfate, 4 to 8% zinc sulfate and sulfuric acid not more than about 8% results in the production of all skin filaments. Lesser amounts of sulfuric acid may be employed. Greater amounts of sulfuric acid result in the production of products having skin and core. A lowering of the amount of the adduct, the lowering of the caustic soda content or the lowering of the salt test of the viscose reduces the maximum permissible acid concentration for the production of all skin filaments. Ithas been determined that the maximum concentration of acid which is permissible for the production of all skin products is about 8.5%.
The presence of the adducts in the viscose retards the coagulation and, therefore, the amount of adduct employed must be reduced at high spinning speeds. Thus,
for optimum physical characteristics of an all skin yarn formed from a viscose as above and at a spinning speed of about 50 meters per minute, the adduct is employed in amounts within the lower portion of the range, for example, about 0.6% to 0.75%. The determination of the specific maximum and optimum concentration of acid for any specific viscose, spinning bath and spinning speed is a matter of simple experimentation for those skilled in the art. The extruded viscose must, of course, be immersed or maintained in the spinning bath for a period sufiicient to effect relatively complete coagulation of the viscose, that is, the coagulation must be sufficient so that the filaments will not adhere to each other as they are brought together and withdrawn from the bath.
In the production of filaments for such purposes as the fabrication .of tire cord, the filaments are preferably stretched after removal from the initial coagulating and regenerating bath. From the initial spinning bath, the filaments may be passed through a hot aqueous bath which may consist of hot water or a dilute acid solution and may be stretched from about 70% to about 120%, preferably between 85% and 100%. Yarns for other textile purposes may be stretched as low as The precise amount of stretching will be dependent upon the desired tenacity and other properties and the specific type of product being produced. If desired, the filaments may be stretched in air. It is to be understod that the invention is not restricted to the production of filaments and yarns but it is also applicable to other shaped bodies such as sheets, films, tubes and the like. The filaments may then be passed through a final regenerating bath which may contain from about 1% to about 5% sulfuric acid and from about 1% to about 5% sodium sulfate with or without small amounts of zinc sulfate if regeneration has not previously been completed.
The treatment following the final regenerating bath, or the stretching operation where regeneration has been completed, may consist of a washing step, a desulfurizin'g step, the application of' a finishing or plasticizing material and drying before or after collecting, or may include other desired and conventional steps such as bleaching and the like. The treatment after regeneration will be dictated by the specific type of shaped'body and the proposed use thereof.
Regenerated cellulose filaments prepared from viscose containing the small amounts of the alkylene oxide adducts and spun in the spinning baths of limited acid content have a smooth or non-crenulated surface and consist substantially entirely of skin. Because of the uniformity of structure throughout the filament, the swelling and staining characteristics are uniform throughout the crosssection of the filament. Filaments produced pursuant to this invention and consisting entirely of skin have a high toughness and a greater flexing life than filaments as produced according to prior methods which may be attributed by'theuniformity in skin structure throughout the filament. Although the twisting of conventional filaments, as in the production of tire cord, results in an appreciable loss of tensile strength, there is appreciably less less in tensile strength in the production of twisted cords from the filaments consisting entirely of skin. Filaments prepared from viscose containing the alkylene oxide adducts have a high tensile strength as compared to normal regenerated cellulose filaments, have superior abrasion and fatigue resistance characteristics and have a high flex-life. Such filaments are highly satisfactory for the production of cords for the reinforcement of rubber products such as pneumatic tire casings, but the filaments are not restricted to such uses and may be used for other textile applications.
The invention may be illustrated by reference to the preparation of regenerated cellulose filaments from a viscose containing about 7.4% cellulose, about 6.3% caustic soda, and having a total carbon disulfide content of about 41% based on the weight of the cellulose. The viscose solutions were prepared by xanthating alkali cellulose by the introduction of 36% carbon disulfide based on the weight of the cellulose and churning for about 2% hours. The cellulose xanthate was then dissolved in caustic sodasolution. An additional 5% carbon disulfide was then added to the mixer and the mass mixed for about one hour. The desired amount of the ethylene oxide adduct of N-aliphatic alanine was added to the solution and mixed for about /2 hour. The viscose was then allowed to ripen for about 30 hours at 18 C.
Example '1 uApproximately 1% (based on the weight of the cellulose) of an ethylene oxide adduct of N-fatty alkyl alanine (fatty alkyl groups from coconut oil) known as Good-Rite CEA was added to and incorporated in the viscose as described above. The viscose employed in the '6 spinning of filaments had a salt test of 9.4. The viscose was extruded through a spinneret to form a 208 denier, 120 filament yarn at a rate of about 22 meters per minute. The coagulating and regenerating bath was maintained at a temperature of about 60 C. and contained 7.8% sulfuric acid, 8% zinc sulfate and 17% sodium sulfate. The yarn was stretched about 82% while passing through a hot water bath at 95 C. The yarn was collected in a spinning box, washed free of acids and salts and dried. I The individual filaments have a smooth, non-crenulated exterior surface and consist entirely of skin, no core being detectable at high magnification (etg. l500 The filaments of a control yarn spun with the same viscose but without the addition of the modified agent and 'spun under the same conditions, exhibit a very irregular and serrated surface and are composed of about skin and the balance core with a sharp line of demarkation between the skin and core. Other physical properties are set forth in the table which follows the examples.
Example 2 To a viscose as described above, there was added 2% of the same ethylene oxide adduct (Good-Rite CEA). The viscose had a salt test of 9.4 and was spun into a 202 denier, 120 filament yarn by extrusion into a spinning bath containing 7.8% sulfuric acid, 8% zinc sulfate, and 17% sodium sulfate. The bath was maintained at 60 C. and the extrusion rate was about 43 meters per minute. The filaments were subsequently passed through a hot water bath at C. and stretched about 74%. The yarn was collected in a spinning box, washed free of acids and salts and dried.
The individual filaments were readily distinguishable from control filaments in that they have a smooth, noncrenulated surface and consist entirely of skin while the control filaments have a very irregular and serrated surface and consist of about 80% skin and the balance core with a sharp line of demarkation between the skin and core. Other physical properties are set forth in the table which follows the examples.
Example 3 To a viscose solution as described above, there was added 2% of the same ethylene oxide adduct of N-aliphatic alanine wherein the. aliphatic radical was derived from coconut oil and contained about 15 ethylene oxide units perntolecule, Good-Rite CEA. The viscose had a salt test of 9.8 and was spun into a 224'denier, filament yarn by extrusion into a bath containing 7.4% sulfuric acid, 8% zinc sulfate and 17% sodium sulfate. The bath was maintained at a temperature of 60 C. The extrusion rate was about 22 meters per minute. The water bath was maintained at about 95 C. and the filaments were stretched approximately 82% while passing throughthe hot water. The yarn was collected in a spinning box, washed free of acid and salts and dried.
The individual filaments were readily distinguishable from control filaments prepared from viscose containing no modifier in that they have a smooth, non-crenulated surface and consist entirely of skin. Control filaments have a very irregular and serrated surface and consist of about 85% skin and the balance core with a sharp line of demarkation between the skin and core. Other physical properties are set forth in the table which follows the examples.
Example 4 As a control for the foregoing examples, a viscose solution, prepared as described above, havinga salt test of 9.7 was spun into a 210 denier, 120 filament yarn by extrusion into a bath containing 7.5% sulfuric acid, 8%. zinc sulfate and 19% sodium sulfate. The bath was maintained at a temperature of about 60 C. The extrusion rate was about 22 metersper minute. The water bath was maintained at a temperature of about 95. C. and the filaments were stretched 82% While passing through the hot water. The yarn was-collected in a spinning box, washed free of acid and salts and dnied.
The individual filaments have a very irregular and serrated surface and consist of about 85% skin and the balance core with a sharp line of demarkation between the skin and the core. Other characteristics are set forth in the table which follows:
Tenacity, Grams per Elongation,
denier percent Skin,
percent Wet Dry Wet Dry Example 1 2. 3. 3 26 21 100 Example 2 1. 5 2. 3 22 21 100 Example 3 3.0 2. 2 27 21 100 Example 4 (Control) 2.2 3. 2 26 21 85 Although the tenacity and elongation are the only properties set forth, they have been chosen because of the ease and simplicity with which such properties may be determined. In some instances, products made in accordance with this invention do not exhibit improvements in tenacity and elongation, however, the products consist of a smooth-surfaced, all skin structure and possess improved abrasion resistance, flex-life and other properties as disclosed hereinbefore.
One of the properties of viscose rayon which has limited its uses is its relatively high cross-sectional swelling when Wet with water, this swelling amounting to fromabout 65% to about 80% for rayon produced by com ventional methods. Rayon filaments produced in accordance with the method of this invention have an appreciably lower cross-sectional swelling characteristic, the swelling amounting to from about 45% to about 60%.
The alkylene oxide adducts may be added to any desired viscose such as those normally used in industry, the specific viscose composition set forth above, being merely for illustrative purposes. The adducts may be added at any desired stage in the production of the viscose and may be present in the cellulosic raw material although it may be necessary to adjust the amount present to produce a viscose having the proper proportions of the adduct at the time of spinning.
The term skin is employed to designate that portion of regenerated cellulose filaments which is permanently stained or dyed by the following procedure: A microtome section of one or more of the filaments mounted in a wax block is taken and mounted on a slide with Meyers albumin fixative. After dewaxing in xylene, the section is placed in successive baths of 60% and 30% alcohol for a few moments each, and it is then stained in 2% aqueous solution of Victoria Blue BS conc. (General Dyestuffs Corp.) for l to 2 hours. At this point, the entire section is blue. By rinsing the section first in distilled water and then in one or more baths composed of water and 90% dioxane for a period varying from 5 to 30 minutes depending on the particular filament, the dye is entirely removed from the core, leaving it restricted to the skin areas.
While preferred embodiments of the invention have been disclosed, the description is intended to be illustrative and it is to be understood that changes and variations may be made without departing from.- the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
I claim:
1. In a method of producing shaped bodies of regenerated cellulose consisting substantially entirely of skin, the step which comprises extruding viscose containing from about 0.5% to about 4%, based on the weight of the cellulose in the viscose, of a modifying agent into an aqueous spinning bath containing from about 10% to-25% sodium sulfate, from about 3% to zinc sulfate and sulfuric acid, the sulfuric acid content of'the spinning bath exceeding the slubbing point but not ex ceeding about 8.5%, the modifying agent being a substance selected from alkali-soluble compounds corresponding to the formulas R COOH and mixtures of such compounds, wherein R is an aliphatic radical having from 6 to 24 carbon atoms, x is a whole number at least 2 but not more than 3 and m is from about 8 to about 30. l
2. The step in the method as defined in claim 1 wherein the modifying agent is selected from the compounds and mixtures of compounds corresponding to the formulas as set forth in claim 1 when x is 2.
3. The step in the method as defined in claim 1 wherein the modifying agent is a mixture of compounds corresponding to the formulas as set forth in claim 1 when R of the individual compounds represents the aliphatic radicals derived from the fatty acids of coconut oil and x is 2.
4. The method of producing shaped bodies of regenerated cellulose consisting substantially entirely of skin which comprises adding to and incorporating in viscose from about 0.5% to about 4%, based on the weight of the cellulose in the viscose, of a modifying agent and extruding the viscose into an aqueous spinning bath containing from about 10% to 25% sodium sulfate, from about 3% to 15% zinc sulfate and sulfuric acid, the sulfuric acid content of the bath exceeding the slubbing point but not exceeding about 8.5%, the modifying agent being a substance selected from alkali-soluble compounds corresponding to the formulas 'R ('10 OBI /N--(I7H H(O:H2z0)m CH3 and N-OH2CH2COOH H(CZH2Z )M and mixtures of such compounds, wherein R is an aliphatic radical having from 6 to 24 carbon atoms, x is a whole number at least 2 but not more than 3 and m is from about 8 to about 30.
5. The method as defined in claim 4 wherein the modifying agent is a mixture of compounds corresponding to the formulas as set forth in claim 4 when R of the individual compounds represents the aliphatic radicals derived from the fatty acids of coconut oil.
6. The method of producing shaped bodies of regenerated cellulose consisting substantially entirely of skin which comprises adding to and incorporating in a viscose from about 0.5% to about 2.5%, based on the weight of the cellulose in the viscose, of a modifying agent, ripening the viscose to a sodium chloride salt point of not less than 9 and extruding the viscose into an aqueous spinning bath containing from about 16% to 20% sodium sulfate,'fr'om about 4% to 9% zinc sulfate and sulfuric acid, the sulfuric acid content of the spinning bath exceeding the slubbing point but not exceeding about 8.5%, the modifying agent being a mixture of substances corresponding to the formulas and wherein the radicals R of the individual compounds are the aliphatic radicals derived from the fatty acids of coconut oil and x is 2. 10
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Claims (1)

1. IN A METHOD OF PRODUCING SHAPED BODIES OF REGENERATED CELLULOSE CONSISTING SUBSTANTIALLY ENTIRELY OF SKIN, THE STEP WHICH COMPRISES EXTRUDING VISCOSE CONTAINING FROM ABOUT 0.5% TO ABOUT 4%, BASED ON THE WEIGHT OF THE CELLULOSE IN THE VISCOSE, OF A MODIFYING AGENT INTO AN AQUEOUS SPINNING BATH CONTAINING FROM ABOUT 10% TO 25% SODIUM SULFATE. FROM ABOUT 3% TO 15% ZINC SULFATE AND SULFURIC ACID, THE SULDURIC ACID CONTENT OF THE SPINNING BATH EXCEEDING THE SLUBBING POINT BUT NOT EXCEEDING ABOUT 8.5%, THE MODIFYING AGENT BEING A SUBSTANCE SELECTED FROM ALKALI-SOLUBLE COMPOUNDS CORRESPONDING TO THE FORMULAS
US478940A 1954-12-30 1954-12-30 Method of preparing viscose rayon Expired - Lifetime US2898182A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL89541D NL89541C (en) 1954-12-30
NL201022D NL201022A (en) 1954-12-30
BE543402D BE543402A (en) 1954-12-30
US478940A US2898182A (en) 1954-12-30 1954-12-30 Method of preparing viscose rayon
GB2640855A GB787486A (en) 1954-12-30 1955-09-15 Method of forming all skin artificial threads and like articles from viscose
FR1144224D FR1144224A (en) 1954-12-30 1955-12-05 Articles made from regenerated cellulose and their manufacture
CH345713D CH345713A (en) 1954-12-30 1955-12-14 Process for manufacturing articles in regenerated cellulose and viscose for the implementation of this process
US77620458 US2961329A (en) 1954-12-30 1958-11-25 Method of preparing viscose rayon

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US2312152A (en) * 1941-12-10 1943-02-23 American Viscose Corp Rayon and method of manufacturing same
US2373712A (en) * 1943-04-19 1945-04-17 Rayonier Inc Viscose production
US2593466A (en) * 1948-07-16 1952-04-22 Ind Rayon Corp Viscose spinning solution
US2648611A (en) * 1947-11-19 1953-08-11 American Viscose Corp Addition of urea to viscose
US2705184A (en) * 1949-08-25 1955-03-29 Textile & Chemical Res Company Process for the production of rayon products
US2732279A (en) * 1951-12-07 1956-01-24 Shozo tachikawa

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US2312152A (en) * 1941-12-10 1943-02-23 American Viscose Corp Rayon and method of manufacturing same
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US2705184A (en) * 1949-08-25 1955-03-29 Textile & Chemical Res Company Process for the production of rayon products
US2732279A (en) * 1951-12-07 1956-01-24 Shozo tachikawa

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