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US2871654A - Waterproof watch-case - Google Patents

Waterproof watch-case Download PDF

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Publication number
US2871654A
US2871654A US42303454A US2871654A US 2871654 A US2871654 A US 2871654A US 42303454 A US42303454 A US 42303454A US 2871654 A US2871654 A US 2871654A
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Prior art keywords
surface
crystal
watch
collar
flange
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Emil E Fachon
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Bulova Watch Co Inc
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Bulova Watch Co Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B39/00Watch crystals; Fastening or sealing of crystals; Clock glasses
    • G04B39/02Sealing crystals or glasses

Description

Feb. 3, 1959 E. E. FAcHoN 2,871,654

WATERPROOF WATCH-CASE Filed April 14. 1954 ja BYE/WIL E. F7767/ AMMWWL WATERPRF WATCH-CASE Emil E. Fachon, Edgewood, R. I., assigner to Bulova Watch Company inc., New York, N. Y., a corporation of New Yorlk The present invention relates to an improvement in watch construction and more particularly to a waterproof watch-case.

The desirability of providing a watch case impervious to the entrance of dust, moisture or other foreign matter detrimental to the delicate watch mechanism, is well recognized.

Many and varied constructions have been proposed and it has been found that certain advantages are gained in this direction when a watch crystal of a plastic material is employed.

When using a plastic crystal, an annular collar or liange of the crystal may be compressed between metallic parts of the watch casing to effect a seal. As will be evident, however, the contacting surfaces between the crystal ange and the metallic casing parts result in the necessity of making contact with relatively large surface areas. The component parts must, therefore, be extremely accurate since any variation in the relative dimensions of the parts will cause a variation in the degree of Contact between the surfaces resulting in an imperfect seal against the entrance of moisture. The flanges of different crystals may vary slightly in thickness, or certain portions of a single flange may'differ in thickness, whereupon the degree of compression between the metallic casing parts will vary to the end that certain portions of the flange or collar will not be under sufficient pressure to provide the desired effective seal.

In accordance with the present invention the relatively large contact areas as heretofore employed are not required, and more effective and assured sealing effect is made possible by avoiding the necessity of exerting pressure over a relatively large contact surface. It has been found practical to reduce the contacting area to a minimum and at the same time increase its effectiveness as a seal against the entrance of dust or moisture into the watch casing.

In the present improved waterproof seal construction one of the metallic watch case parts is provided with a thin annular ridge or bead which, when the parts are assembled, not only maires contact with the surface of the crystal collar or flange, but, by reason of the relative dimensions of the metal casing parts, is pressed into and below the normal surface of the crystal flange. The forced contact between the ridge or bead and the crystal flange results in an effective seal, and in order to meet the condition of possible variation in the thickness of the crystal flange the relative dimensions of the metallic parts may be such that when assembled the ridge or bead will be embedded in the crystal iiange to a greater or lesser degree, thus compensating for any variation of thickness and assuring moisture tight relation between the crystal flange and the contacting metallic watch case part.

By providing a sealing surface area which may vary in diameter and still maintain an effective seal, considerable tolerance may be had in the dimensions of the respective parts. This is important from the practical 2,371,654 Patented Feb. 3, 1959 standpoint in the manufacture of an article produced under quantity production methods.

The invention will be more clearly understood by reference to the following description together with the accompanying drawing in which:

Fig. l is an enlarged side View of a watch case partly in vertical cross section showing the parts assembled;

Fig. 2 is an exploded View showing the parts separated and in position to be assembled;

'Fig 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of the watch case with the parts assembled; and

Fig. 4 is a view similar to that of Fig. 2 but showing a modification of the invention.

As shown in the drawing a watch Casing, indicated as a whole by reference character 10, may be provided of a selected shape and for the purpose of illustrating one example of the invention the casing selected is of circular form.

The casing 1l) includes a side wall or rim 11 surrounding a back plate 12, constituting a receptacle or container for the watch movement. In the present showing the plate 12 is circular. Extending from and integral with the rim is what may be termed an annular rim flange 13. The receptacle contains the watch movement which is indicated as whole by the reference character 14 and having dial 15 engaged by a flanged retainer ring 16.

The present embodiment of the invention employs a bezel 17 provided with watch lugs 18 as commonly ernployed to attach the watch to thc end terminals of a bracelet or strap. The bezel 17 is formed with annular surface portions 19 and 21. When the parts are in assembled relation surface portion 19 thereof is disposed in spaced and opposed relation to annular surface portion 22 of rim ange 13. Surface 21 is in contact with or may be in opposed spaced relation to surface 23 of rim 11.

With the arrangement of the parts as shown an annular channel or groove 24; is provided to contain an annular ange or collar 25 of a crystal 26. This crystal is made from a suitable compressible material such as a plastic or the like which may be distorted when compressed but of sufficient strength to serve its purpose as a watch crystal and as pointed out above the object being to bring about a sealing relation between the crystal and the watch casing 10.

As hereinabove mentioned, when producing an article of the present type which must be made in quantity, and at the same time with precision to a practical degree, it is difficult to assure moisture tight contact over a relatively large area.

It has been found that the actual contact or sealing area may be reduced to a minimum with the result that a more effective seal is attained. This is accomplished by providing surface portion 22 of flange 13, intermediate its edges, with an annular rib or bead 27 which may have side surfaces at opposite angles and intersecting to form a thin edge or apex, and provide what may be termed an extended attenuated surface portion to deform the collar to effect a seal.

The inside diameter of crystal collar 25 may be of slightly greater diameter than the outer diameter of the annular casing ange 13. Thus the crystal may be applied to cause flange 25 to surround ange 13 with the rib or bead 27 in contact with the surface of the crystal collar. The bezel may then be moved to engage its surface 19 with the outer surface 28 of crystal collar 25'. The diameter of surface 19 is so selected that when in assembled relation to the component parts, pressure is exerted to compress the rib 27 into the inner annular surface of crystal collar 25.

It will be evident that it is not necessary to compress the flange 25 to such degree that the entire rib or bead is embedded in the crystal flange. It is only necessary to establish rm contact by exerting sufficient pressure to cause the contact surface of the ridge to intimately engage and slightly deform the compressible material of the crystal. The degree of compression may vary and at the same time produce the required moisture tight relation. Obviously therefore this makes possible more latitude in the degree of accuracy of the dimensions of the related parts to the practical advantage of quantity production.

When the parts are'assembled the crystal is applied by moving the collar 25 until an annular surface 29 of the crystal` seats on the ange of retainer ring 16 which in turn contacts the upper edge of flange i3. The crystal is exible and the collar 25 readily passes over the ridge 27. In one practical embodiment of the invention a crystal of about 1.1220 inches in diameter may be employed in which case the annular ridge 27 has a base width of about .012 inch and a height of about .003 inch and it has been found in practise that if sufficient pressure is applied to press the ridge 27 suiciently to deform the plastic flange an effective seal is attained while leaving clearance between the outer flat surface of ange lf3 and the inner flat surface of the crystal flange. It will be evident that the'dimensions or form of the ridge or bead may be varied as practical requirements demand. lf desirable the flange 13 may be provided with a plurality of ridges or beads El as shown in Fig. 4.

The use of a ridge or bead which deforms or bights into the plastic crystal flange; in addition to providing an effective seal forms a channel which in conjunction with the ridge, serves to lock the crystal in fixed relation to the component metallic parts of the Watch casing.

From the foregoing it will be understood that the present invention is directed to the provision of a moisture tight watch casing wherein the contacting sealing areas are reduced to a minimum to insure intimate sealing relation between the metallic elements of the casing and the crystal whereby the uncertainty of attaining a positive seal under varying manufacturing conditions is avoided.

Although a preferred embodiment ofthe invention is shown and described herein it is to be understood that modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

l. A moisture proof watch casing comprising a container for a watch movement, said container including a back plate and an upstanding rim having a rim-flange, a crystal of compressible material having a backwardly extending integral collar outside said rim-flange along a sidewall surface portion of the latter, a bezel for said container and having an inside surface portion received endwise over said sidewall surface portion of the rim-flange and outside said crystal collar, and an attenuated portion extending around one of said surface portions in integral relation thereto and having a contact surface adjacent to the other of said surface portions, locally reducing the space between said surface portions and by pressure locally reducing the thickness of said compressible collar, and thus providing a moisture tight seal between said surface portions frictionally resisting endwise separation of said bezel, crystal and container from their assembled positions.

2.' A moisture proof watch casing comprising a container for a Watch movement, said container including a back plate and an opstanding rim having a rim-flange, a crystal of compressible material having a backwardly extending smooth surfaced integral annular collar outside said rim-flange along an annular sidewall surface portion of the latter, a bezel for said container having an annular inside surface portion received endwise over said sidewall surface portion of the rim-flange and outside said crystal collar, and a ridge extending around one of said surface portions in integral relation thereto and having a Contact surface adjacent to the other of said surface portions,

localiy reducing the space between said surface portions and by pressure locally reducing the thickness of said compressible collar, and thus providing a moisture tight seal between said surface portions f rictionally resisting endwise separation of said bezel, crystal and container from their assembled positions.

3. A moisture proof watch casing comprising a container for a watch movement, said container including a back plate and an upstanding rim having a rim-flange, a crystal of compressible material having a backwardly extending smoothsurfaced integral annular collar outside said rim-Harige along an annular sidewall surface portion of the latter, a bezel for said container having an annular inside surface portion received endwise over said sidewall surface portion of the rim-flange and outside said crystal collar, and a raised annulus extending around one of said surface portions in integral relation thereto and having a contact surface adjacent to the other of said surface portainer for a watch movement, said container including a back plate and an upstanding rim having a rim-flange, a crystal of compressible material having a backwardly extending smooth surfaced integral annular collar outside said rim-ange along an annular sidewall surface portion of thelatter, a bezel for said container received endwise over said sidewall surface portion of the rimflange and outside said crystal collar, said bezel and rim having seating faces against each other behind said rim-flange, and an attenuated portion extending around one of said surface portions in integral relation thereto and having a contact surface adjacent to the other of said surface portions, locally reducing the space between said surface portions and by pressure locally reducing the thickness of said compressible collar, and thus providing a moisture tight seal between said surface portions frictionally resisting endwise separation of said bezel, crystal and container from their assembledpositions.

5. A moisture proof watch casing comprising a container for a watch movement, said container including a back plate and an upstanding rim having a rim-flange, a crystal of compressible material having a backwardly extending integral collar outside said rim-flange along a sidewall surface portion of the latter, a bezel for said container and having an inside surface portion received endwise over said sidewall surface portion of the rimflange and outside said crystal collar, said bezel and rim having seating faces against each other behind said rimilange, and an attenuated portion extending around said surface portion of the rim-flange in integral relation thereto and having a Contact surface adiacent to said inner surface portion of the bezel, locally reducing the space between said surface portions and by pressure locally reducing the thickness of said compressible collar, and thus providing a moisture tight seal between said surface portions frictionally resisting endwise separation of said bezel, crystal and container from their assembled positions.

6. AV moisture proof watch casing comprising a container for a watch movement, said container including a back plate and an upstanding rim having a rim-flange, a crystal of compressible material having a backwardly extending smooth surfaced integral annular collar outside said rim-flange along a sidewall surface portion of the latter, a bezel for said containerhaving an annular inside surface portion received endwise over said sidewall surface portion of the rim-flange and outside said crystal coilar, said bezel and rim having annular seating faces against each other behind said rim-flange, and a raised annulus extending around said surface portion of the rim-bange in integral relation thereto and having a contact surface adjacent to said inner surface portion of the bezel, locally reducing the space between said surface portions and by pressure locally reducing the thickness of said compressible collar, and thus providing a moisture tight seal between said surface portions frictionally resisting endwise separation of said bezel, crystal and container from their assembled positions. casing which comprises providing a container and a bezel 7. The method of producing a water proof watch casing which comprises providing a container and a bezel respectively having outer and inner surface portions and an integral rib on one of said portions having a contact surface toward the other of said portions when said surface portions are substantially concentrically disposed, providing a watch crystal of compressible material and positioning an integral collar of said crystal in contact with said rib under conditions where the thickness of said collar exceeds the maximum distance between the contact surface of said rib and the other said surface portions when the portions are substantially concentrically disposed, relatively sliding said portions to substantially concentric positions on the axis of said collar and accordingly forcing the contact surface of the annular rib into said collar locally producing an intense-pressure on said collar under said rib, and thus providing a moisture tight seal between said surface portions frictionally resisting endwise separation of said bezel, crystal and container from their assembled positions.

8. The method of producing a water proof watch casing which comprises providing a container and a bezel respectively having outer and inner surface portions and Cil an integral rib on said outer surface portion of the container affording a contact surface toward said inner surface portion of said bezel when the bezel and container are substantially concentrically disposed, providing a watch crystal of compressible material and positioning an integral collar of said crystal in contact with said rib under conditions where the thickness of said collar exceeds the maximum distance between the contact surface of said rib and the inner surface portion of said bezel when said surface portions are substantially concentrically disposed, relatively sliding said portions to substantially concentric positions on the axis of said collar and accordingly forcing the contact surface of the annular rib into said collar locally producing an intense pressure on said collar under said rib, and thus providing a moisture tight seal between said surface portions frictionally resisting endwise separation of said bezel, crystal and container from their assembled positions.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,025,031 Algeo et a1. Dec. 24, 1935 2,302,340 Morf Nov. 17, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS 175,075 Switzerland Apr. 16, 1935 203,734 Switzerland July 1, 1939 239,990 Switzerland Mar. 16, 1946 505,297 Canada Aug. 24, 1954

US2871654A 1954-04-14 1954-04-14 Waterproof watch-case Expired - Lifetime US2871654A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3530723A (en) * 1968-06-25 1970-09-29 Gen Electric Meter having meter cover liner

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2025031A (en) * 1930-01-02 1935-12-24 Hazel Atlas Glass Co Glass container and closure therefor
US2302340A (en) * 1940-10-31 1942-11-17 Morf Ernest Waterproof watchcase
CA505297A (en) * 1954-08-24 Z. Gora Henry Closures for containers

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA505297A (en) * 1954-08-24 Z. Gora Henry Closures for containers
US2025031A (en) * 1930-01-02 1935-12-24 Hazel Atlas Glass Co Glass container and closure therefor
US2302340A (en) * 1940-10-31 1942-11-17 Morf Ernest Waterproof watchcase

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3530723A (en) * 1968-06-25 1970-09-29 Gen Electric Meter having meter cover liner

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