US2833480A - Highway railroad crossing - Google Patents

Highway railroad crossing Download PDF

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US2833480A
US2833480A US298040A US29804052A US2833480A US 2833480 A US2833480 A US 2833480A US 298040 A US298040 A US 298040A US 29804052 A US29804052 A US 29804052A US 2833480 A US2833480 A US 2833480A
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transverse
elements
longitudinal
interrupted
crossing
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US298040A
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Clifford H Sandberg
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Clifford H Sandberg
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C9/00Special pavings; Pavings for special parts of roads or airfields
    • E01C9/04Pavings for railroad level-crossings

Description

y 1958 c. H. SANDBERG 2,833,480

HIGHWAY RAILROAD CROSSING Filed July-l0, 1952 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 IjVENTOR. a a 4 1953 I c. H. SANDBERG 2,833,480

HIGHWAYVRAILROAD caossmc Filed July 10, 1952 3 Sheets-Sheet :5 10 Z 4& H

Unitfid t s Patent 2,833,480 HIGHWAY RAILROAD CROSSING Cliliord H. Sandberg, Glenview, Ill. Application July 10, 1952, Serial No. 298,040

4 Claims. (Cl. 238-8) This invention relates to highway railroad crossings made up of structural units that are simple to install, selfdrainin'g, and are readily removable for track and maintenance operations.

Generally speaking, the crossing is made up of grating panels or structural units, each including spaced longitudinal and transverse elements secured together in intersecting relation to form a grating, the outer marginal longitudinal elements serving as girders for supporting the transverse elements acting as beams or joists.

In this preferred embodiment:

-Fig. 1 is a plan view of a highway crossing for double track railroad, the transverse elements of the grating units being omitted for clarity of illustration;

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a transverse section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 of the crossing structure between tracks;

Fig. 4 is a similar transverse section of a highway crossing for single track;

Fig. 5 is a plan view of one of the structural units for use between rails of the same track;

Fig. 6 is a plan view of one of the structural units particularly suited for the crossing area outside of the rails; and

Fig. 7 is a detailed perspective view of one corner of a structural unit showing the girder form and the selfdraining spike plate arrangement.

But these diagrammatic drawings and the corresponding description are used for the purpose of illustrative disclosure only, and are not intended to impose unnecessary limitations on the claims.

Each structural unit includes spaced longitudinal elements generally indicated by 10 and spaced transverse elements 11 secured together in intersecting relation making an open grating of the general form shown in plan in Figs. 5 and 6.

Each main structural unit (Fig. 5), such as used between the rails of the single-track crossing illustrated in Fig. 4, has outer marginal longitudinal elements 10 composed of a vertically disposed bar 12 and a horizontally disposed plate 13 below the vertically disposed bar and together forming a girder supporting the end portions of the transverse elements 11, which are welded to the bar and the plate. The overall width of the structural element thus made is approximately 4 3" in order to fit between the rails with flange clearance 14 (Fig. 4) on the order of 2% Such structural units or grating panels are mounted between track rails on timber blocks 15 and 16 resting on ties 17 substantially as shown in Fig. 4.

In order to provide for fastening the structural units to the blocks and the ties, certain of the transverse elements 11 are interrupted or cut away substantially as shown in Figs. 5, 6, and 7 and a spike plate 18 is welded to the interrupted and adjacent transverse elements 11 and provided with spike openings 19 for screw spikes 20.

Adjacent to the end portions, the interrupted transverse elements are welded to short longitudinal elements 21 having their ends welded tothe adjacent transverse elements 11; but the. longitudinal elements 21 are of less vertical height than the transverse elements in order to leave drainage clearance 22 above the plates 18.

A single spike diate block 16, but additional spikes used through the side blocks 15.

As shown in Figs. 4 and 5, each main structural unit between the rails of track is provided with three transversely spaced sets of aligned spike plates. In contrast with this, the side units (Figs. 4 and 6) have but two transversely spaced sets of spike plates, and the outermost of those is formed by the base or horizontally disposed plate 13 of the girder.

The side units are mounted on timber blocks 24, and are each made fast by two spikes.

As indicated in Fig. 4, the pavement 25 approaches the side crossing units at approximately the same level.

Intermediate longitudinal elements 26 extend between and connect the transverse elements 11 'at suitable spacmg.

In one form of construction that has been found satisfactory, the bars 12 are 2% x A" x 3' 2 /2"; the plates 13 are 3%" x A x 3 2 /z.'; the transverse elements are 2%" x /1" bars spaced .67" clear; and the intermediate longitudinal members 26 are twisted rods 4" on center, welded and pressed into the upper portions of the bars 11. For the outer longitudinal elements of the side units, the plates 13 are 4" X A" x 3 2 /2".

At each end of the crossing, the structural units are supplemented by inclined approach plates 27 resting on wedges 28 and spiked to the ties at 29. These slope plates 27 prevent dragging railway car equipment from tearing up the crossing structure by deflecting such equipmentas it is moved toward and over the crossing.

For double tracks or other multiple tracks, the side units and the main units between rails are substantially as described.

For the space between adjacent tracks, the crossing is made up substantially as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, in which two panels or structural units 30 are supported on blocks 31, 32, and 33, carried by the projecting ends of ties 17 and intermediate timbers 34.

Preferably, the longitudinal and transverse elements are not cut, slotted, or punched, but are forged together by enormous pressure while heated electrically. The pressure and electricity are applied simultaneously, and the elements are forged together to form an integral structure.

The transverse elements 11, bars, may be replaced by bars sheets of expanded metal.

I claim:

1. A structural unit for railroad crossings and the like comprising a plurality of transverse elements connected together at each end of the unit by a longitudinal element to form a rigid grating, at least one of said transverse elements being interrupted intermediate its length to form a pocket, and a spike plate of greater dimension than said pocket, positioned therebelow on the bottom surface of the unit and fixed to said interrupted transverse element and to flanking transverse elements, and short longitudinal elements fixed to said interrupted transverse element and said flanking transverse elements, said short longitudinal elements being of less vertical height than 23 are preferably here shown as straight of other shape, or by .said transverse elements, and having their top surfaces level with the top surface of the unit, said spike plates comprising means for fixing said unit in place.

2. In a structural unit of the type described including a plurality of transverse elements connected together at each end of the unit by a longitudinal element, the improvement wherein one of the longitudinal elements PatentedMay 6, 1958' 20 is suflicient for fastening the interme 3 includes a vertical flange abutting the ends of certain of saidtransverse elements and a horizontally disposed plate fixed to the lower surfaces of said transverse elements, at least one of said transverse interrupted above said horizontally disposed-plate. and said plate being perforated in the area of said interrupted element, and wherein a short longitudinal element is se-- cured to the end ofi said interrupted element and adjacent transverse elements, said short longitudinal element being of less vertical height than said transverse elements and having its top surface level with the top surface of the unit. 1

3. A structural unit for railroad crossings and the like comprising a plurality of parallel transverse barmemhers connected together at their ends by longitudinal end members to form a grating, said longitudinal members each having a horizontal flange extending inwardly along the bottom of the unit, atleastone of said 'transverse members being interruptedintermediate its length and provided with short, longitudinal, connecting bar members secured to said interrupted transverse member and to flanking transverse members, thereby to form a pocket in said grating, and a substantially flat spike plate of greater plan dimension than said pocket overlapping said interrupted transverse member and flanking transverse members, and rigidly secured thereto,-forming a bottom for said pocket with the bottom of said plate being substantially flush with the bottom of said horizontal flangesof the end members, said pocket beingprovided with drainage openings therein.

elements being 4. A structural unit for railroad crossings and the like comprising a plurality of transverse bar members connected together at their ends by longitudinal end members to form a rigid grating, at least one of said transverse members being interrupted intermediate its length and provided with at least one short longitudinal connecting bar member secured to said interrupted transverse member and to flanking transverse members thereby to form a pocket in said grating, and a substantially flat spike plate of greater plan dimension than said pocket positioned therebelow andoverlapping said interrupted transverse member and flanking transverse members, and rigidly secured thereto thereby providing a bottom for said pocket, said spike plate being provided with an opening to receive a spike and said pocket being provided with drainage openings therein.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNlTED STATES PATENTS Great Britain Walker Mar. 26, 19.01 I

US298040A 1952-07-10 1952-07-10 Highway railroad crossing Expired - Lifetime US2833480A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4368845A (en) * 1981-03-02 1983-01-18 Park Rubber Company Railroad crossing structure
US4545527A (en) * 1982-04-09 1985-10-08 Young Thomas B Railroad grade crossing
FR2732372A1 (en) * 1995-03-31 1996-10-04 Vagneux Traverses Beton Level crossing construction with double decking
US5799868A (en) * 1994-11-15 1998-09-01 Gmundner Fertigteile Gesellschaft M.B.H. & Co. Kg Multi-track road crossing

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US670570A (en) * 1900-10-25 1901-03-26 Willis F Walker Bridge.
US1467783A (en) * 1919-02-04 1923-09-11 Patrick H Farrell Pavement
GB371147A (en) * 1931-03-31 1932-04-21 Karl Wladimir Branczik Improvements in or relating to a method and means of making gratings, metallic floorings and similar gridwork
US1939425A (en) * 1931-11-11 1933-12-12 Truscon Steel Co Railroad crossing
US1965026A (en) * 1930-05-14 1934-07-03 Smith Corp A O Sheet metal railway grade crossing
FR849322A (en) * 1938-10-18 1939-11-21 more particularly metal grid to road construction
US2181169A (en) * 1937-09-29 1939-11-28 Harnischfeger Corp Prefabricated house
US2320593A (en) * 1941-03-27 1943-06-01 Smith Corp A O Grating attachment
US2540400A (en) * 1945-12-15 1951-02-06 Elmer F Mchenry Motor truck decking

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US670570A (en) * 1900-10-25 1901-03-26 Willis F Walker Bridge.
US1467783A (en) * 1919-02-04 1923-09-11 Patrick H Farrell Pavement
US1965026A (en) * 1930-05-14 1934-07-03 Smith Corp A O Sheet metal railway grade crossing
GB371147A (en) * 1931-03-31 1932-04-21 Karl Wladimir Branczik Improvements in or relating to a method and means of making gratings, metallic floorings and similar gridwork
US1939425A (en) * 1931-11-11 1933-12-12 Truscon Steel Co Railroad crossing
US2181169A (en) * 1937-09-29 1939-11-28 Harnischfeger Corp Prefabricated house
FR849322A (en) * 1938-10-18 1939-11-21 more particularly metal grid to road construction
US2320593A (en) * 1941-03-27 1943-06-01 Smith Corp A O Grating attachment
US2540400A (en) * 1945-12-15 1951-02-06 Elmer F Mchenry Motor truck decking

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4368845A (en) * 1981-03-02 1983-01-18 Park Rubber Company Railroad crossing structure
US4545527A (en) * 1982-04-09 1985-10-08 Young Thomas B Railroad grade crossing
US5799868A (en) * 1994-11-15 1998-09-01 Gmundner Fertigteile Gesellschaft M.B.H. & Co. Kg Multi-track road crossing
FR2732372A1 (en) * 1995-03-31 1996-10-04 Vagneux Traverses Beton Level crossing construction with double decking

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