US2805821A - Accounting machine with totalizer controlled, differentially positionable, bookkeeping chart - Google Patents

Accounting machine with totalizer controlled, differentially positionable, bookkeeping chart Download PDF

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US2805821A
US2805821A US259574A US25957451A US2805821A US 2805821 A US2805821 A US 2805821A US 259574 A US259574 A US 259574A US 25957451 A US25957451 A US 25957451A US 2805821 A US2805821 A US 2805821A
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machine
keys
pay
amount
row
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Spurlino Pascal
Roger S Hull
Marvin D Frost
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NCR Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06CDIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY
    • G06C27/00Computing machines characterised by the structural interrelation of their functional units, e.g. invoicing machines

Description

Sept. 10, 1957 2,805,821 RENTIALLY P. SPURLINO ET AL WITH TOTALI ACCOUNTING MACHINE l3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 5, 1951 so a R fi Y OU E m m u UU R PH O vs T N S T L N A mm m PRM T In!nullauneillnti I Sept. 10, 1957 P SPURLINO ETAL 2,805,821
RENTIALLY ACCOUNTING MACHINE WI IH TOTALIZEZR CONTROLLED, DIFFE Filed Dec. 3. 1951 POSITIONABLE, BOOKKEEPING CHART l3 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTORS PASCAL SPURLINO ROGER S. HULL 8 MARVIN D. FROST THEIR ATTORNEYS p 0, 1957 P SPURLINO ETAL 2,805,821
ACCOUNTING MACHINE II' IH 'TOTALIZER CONTROLLED. DIFFERENTIALLY POSITIONABLE, BOOKKIEPING CHART Filed Dec. 3. 1951 13 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTORS PASCAL SPURLINO ROGER S. HULL 8 MARVIN D. FROST THEIR ATTORNEYS.
Sept. 10, 1957 P. SPURLINO ET AL 2,805,821
ACCOUNTING MACHINE WITH TOTALIZER CONTROLLED, DIFFERENTIALLY POSITIONABLE, BOOKKEEPING CHART l3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Dec. 3, 1951 INVENTORS PASCAL SPURLINO ROGER S. HULL 8 MARVlN D. FROST THEIR ATTO RNEYS Sept. 10, 1957 ACCOUNTING MACHINE WITH TOTALIZER POSITIONABLEI, BOOKKEEIPING CHART Filed Dec. 3. 1951 P. SPURLINO ET AL 2,805,821
CONTROLLED. DIFFE REINTIALLY l5 Sheets-Sheet 6 INVENTORS PASCAL SPUR o ROGER s. HU a MARVIN D. FROST THEIR ATTORNEYS p 10, 1957 P. SPURLINO ETAL 2,805,821
ACCOUNTING MACHINE WITH TOTALIZER CONTROLLED, DIFFERENTIALLY Filed Dec. 3, 1951 POSITIONABLEI, BOOKKEEPING CHART l3 Sheets-Sheet '7 INVENTORS PASCAL SPURLINO ROGER S. HULL 8 MARVIN D. FROST BY ki i) THEIR ATTORNEYS Sept- 10, 1 57 P. SPURLINO ETAL 2,805,821
ACCOUNTING MACHINE WITH TOTALIZER CONTROLLED, DIFFERENTIALLY BOOKKEEPING CHART POSITIONABLE l3 Sheets-Sheet 8 Filed Dec. 3, 1951 THEIR ATTORN EYS Sept. 10, 1957 P. SPURLINO ETAL ACCOUNTING MACHINE WITH TOTALIZER CONTROLLED,
POSITIONABLE, BOOKKEEPING CHART Filed Dec. 3, 1951 E IFFERENTIALLY ODD DOLLARS THEIR ATTOR NEYS GROSS PAY FED. INCOME TAX INVENTORS PASCAL SPURUNO ROGER S. HULL 8 w MARVIN D. FROST p 10, 1957 P. SPURLINO ET AL 2,
ACCOUNTING MACHINE WITH TOTALIZER CONTROLLED, DIFFERENTIALLY NABLE, BOOKKEEPING CHART POSITIO l5 Sheets-$heet 10 Filed Dec. 3 1951 [IL EEGww 458m 5255:. 22 58 THEIR ATTORNEYS P. SPURLINO ETAL WITH TOT Sept. 10, 1957 2,805,821 DIFFERENTIALLY POSITIONABLE, BOOKKEEPING CHART l3 Sheets-Sheet 12 Filed Dec. 5, 1951 m on G on O whw n M on M n W V; 3 on 1 0w 1 m-mQ 2 1 v 1 0 q 8. v V .12
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n mmm hhw m i i 8? F I 1 3 M g r L L- :EA. immwfl L THEIR ATTORNFYS United States Patent ACCOUNTING MACHINE WITH TOTALIZER CON- TROLLED, DIFFERENTIALLY POSITIONABLE, BOOKKEEPING CHART Pascal Spurlino, Roger S. Hull, and Marvin D. Frost, Dayton, Ohio, assignors to The National Cash Re ister Company, Dayton, Ohio, a corporation of Maryland Application December 3, 1951, Serial No. 259,574
20 Claims. (Cl. 235-2) This invention relates to accounting machines and similar business machines and is directed particularly to means for speeding up the recording of payroll data and the consequent printing of the payroll checks, and to control various mechanisms in the machine in this connection.
Briefly, the present invention includes what might well be termed an automatic tax indicating device. The present invention is a remarkable time-saving development in connection with accounting machines particularly used in writing payrolls, for the following reasons. The invention herein illustrated and described automatically indicates variable tax or other deductions based on a fixed percent of gross earnings. The invention automatically controls over-deduction of F. O. A. B. or federal insurance contributions. It reduces the payroll processing to a figuring of base and other pays, which are put together to form an employees gross pay.
It eliminates pro-computation of gross earnings, as above mentioned, because all of these base and other pays are entered into the machine and the machine automatical ly computes these amounts. The invention eliminates weekly pressure peaks and unnecessary overtime cost in the payroll departments. It reduces the time interval between the end of a pay period and the beginning of the payroll writing period.
All of these result in a high production of payroll writing, which naturally cuts costs to a minimum. For example, the automatic tax indicator, which, as above mentioned, is a part of this present invention herein shown and described, simultaneously shows the correct amounts to be deducted for F. O. A. B., for social security, and for city and federal income taxes, which deductions are based on a fixed percentage of gross earnings, and these amounts are illuminated, so that the operator always makes the proper deductions from the employees gross pay.
When the earnings-to-date for the year exceeds the maximum taxable limit, no F. O. A. B. or social security tax is indicated, and the F. O. A. B. key cannot be operated and a red light appears to indicate to the operator that no further deductions for social security should be made against this particular employee.
When current earnings are less than the minimum taxable limit, no withholding tax is indicated, and the operator is so apprised of that fact by the appearance of a green light. The automatic tax indicator may be conveniently adjusted to the operators line of vision.
This invention is especially adapted to be used in machines of the payroll type, shown and described in United States Patent No. 2,467,704, issued April 19, 1949, to Pascal Spurlino, Rudolph I. Moser, Alfred G. Kibler, Marvin D. Frost, and Walter J. Kreider, and for illustr tive purposes is embodied in a machine of the type shown in said patent.
This invention is also embodied in machines of the general type shown in the following United States Letters .Patent, and reference may be had to them and to the above-mentioned patent for a complete showing and description of standard mechanism not fully disclosed herein: United States Patents Nos. 1,619,796; 1,747,397; 1,761,542, and 1,916,535, issued March 1, 1927; February 18, 1930; June 3, 1930; and July 4, 1933, respectively to Bernis M. Shipley; No. 2175,346, issued October 10, 1939, to Maximilian M. Goldberg; No. 2,141,332, issued December 27, 1938, to Charles H. Arnold; No. 1,693,279, issued November 27, 1928, to Walter J. Kreider; No. 2,305,000, issued December 15, 1942, to Mayo A. Goodbar; No. 2,361,662, issued October 31, 1944, to Pascal Spurlino and Konrad Rauch; No. 2,345,839, issued April 4, 1944, to Pascal Spurlino, Mayo A. Goodbar, and Marvin D. Frost; and No. 2,351,541, issued June 13, 1944, to Everett H. Placke.
The specific mechanism shown in the above-mentioned Patent No. 2,467,704, embodying the present invention and as now constructed, is well adapted for use in any organization where a large number of payroll checks are to be issued periodically, and particularly where such organizations wish to keep accurate records of totals of amounts paid to their employees, and also a record of various deductions which nowadays are common practice. As is well known, such deductions include social security payments, group insurance payments, city income tax withholdings, federal income tax withholdings, union dues, hospitalization, and many other types of deductions, which various organizations permit their employees to make against gross earnings for a definite period. Accurate records of each of the various types of individual deductoins are accumulated in the machine, with the result that the company may at any time definitely ascertain, by means of printed records, the various totals of such deductions, and also the totals of the net earnings of the employees, the gross earnings of the employees, and other records relative to the employees.
Other records, such as the total number of regular hours worked and the total number of overtime hours worked, are also accumulated in the machine, so that the company may at any time definitely ascertain by means of printed records the number of hours paid for and also the number of overtime hours paid for.
The machine is also adapted to print a payroll check, upon the main portion of which are the consecutive number, the date, and the net amount of the check printed in two places; and on the stub portion of the check, which is to be torn off and retained by the employee before he cashes the check, are shown the number of regular hours worked, the gross earnings for those regular hours, a list of all deductions, showing the amount of each, a symbol for each deduction, and the net pay. The net pay, printed on the stub portion of the check, is identical with the net amount which is printed in two places on the main portion of the check.
The machine in which the present invention is embodied is also adapted to print upon a payroll summary sheet, which may be used, for example, for the departmental summary of the employees in any one or more departments. If the departments are too large the payroll summary may be allotted to various jobs of the departments.
An individual employees earnings record card may also be printed by the machine in which this present invention is embodied. Upon this earnings card, which is divided into columns, there may be printed the number of regular hours the employee works and the gross amount of earnings for the regular hours. The deductions against each employee are also printed and recorded on this particular earnings record card for the individual employee.
In the last column on the card, there is a space for a Balance Forward, which is picked up from a former earnings record, set up on the keyboard, and printed in this column, when a new record card is begun for the employee when his old card is filled.
On the top of the machine, there is provided a time card box, which carries the time cards for each individual employee. On these time cards there is various data, relating particularly to the number of regular hours and the number of overtime hours which the employee has worked. On this card are also various types of deductions which have been previously mentioned and which are recorded thereon by the clerk.
These time cards are adapted to be ejected from the stack upon operation of the Net Pay key.
The control of the ejection of the time clock cards, when used in connection with the payroll machines, is specifically illustrated and described in an application for Letters Patent of the United States filed November 21, 1950, by Angus G. Helgeson, and bearing Serial Number 196,906, which issued into United States i atent No. 2,682,993 on July 6, 1954.
Mounted on top of the machine and to the left of the time card box is an automatic taX indicator device. This tax indicator device includes a chart of constant figures, which chart is mounted on a rotatable drum, the drum being rotated under control of certain differential mechanisms which in turn are controlled by the totalizer wheels of the crossfooter when the Gross key in row 1 is depressed. The depression of this key causes a subtotal operation of the employees gross pay, which has been accumulated in this crossfooter during the operations of entering the regular Gross pay, and, in addition, any overtime pay or bonus pay which the employee has earned.
On this chart there are several columns of figures, which indicate taxes of various kinds; namely, F. O. A. 3., city income taxes, and federal income taxes, according to the number of dependents the employee has and according to the amount of gross pay of such employee. in the first column, the gross pays are printed to indicate a $2.00 range in pay.
The social security or F. O. O. B. taxes are in four columns and are divided according to the amount of money in cents that the man makes; in other words, from zero to 33 cents the figures are in one column, from 34 cents to 99 cents in another column, and from $1.00 to $1.66 in a third column; and from $1.67 to $1.99 on the gross pay there is a fourth column. The city income tax figures are in two columns, based on odd dollar ranges of $2.00; i. e., at each $5.00, $7.00, $9.00, etc., the tax, at the rate of one half of one percent, increases one cent. The federal income tax figures are based on the number of dependents that a man has, running from no dependents to nine dependents.
Behind these various columns of figures, there are electric lamps, which are lighted under control of the amount difierentials and also under control of the bank of keys representing the number of dependents that the employee has.
Also on this chart of figures there are five extra columns in the upper right-hand comer of the chart, which figures relate to federal income taxes when the amounts of gross pay under $60.00 end in an odd number of dollars, and these five columns take into consideration amounts from no dependents to four dependents.
There is also a control of a lamp in this machine, which is lighted whenever there is to be no tax chargeable against the mans gross pay. In other words, if a man makes only, say, under $60.00 and has five or more dependents, of course, he will have no tax to pay on this amount, and therefore all of the lamps which relate to federal income taxes will be controlled so that they will not light, but a special lamp will be lighted to show green to indicate that there is no tax to be deducted.
There is also another lamp in connection with this automatic tax indicator, which is lighted whenever the employees gross pay has reached $3,600.00 or more, because it is at this figure that there is no further social security to be taken from his pay. Therefore, when this figure of $3,600.00 is entered into the machine from the original pickup of the mans prior earnings, or if the amount should reach $3,600.00 during the addition of the current weeks pay, which is being entered into the machine, this control will take place electrically and cause a lamp to be lighted, which will show red to indicate that 'the employee has had a gross pay so far during the year of $3,600.00 and, therefore, that there shall be no more P. O. A. B. or social security tax deducted from his pay. During this operation, the F. O. A. B. lamps are all controlled so that none of them will be lighted, and therefore the operator will not see any amount in the columns which relate to the F. O. A. B. taxes.
For the purpose of illustrating one form of the present invention, the machine shown herein is constructed to perform the functions above stated in connection with the making up of the payroll for employees, and when used in connection with a machine similar to that shown in the above mentioned Spurlino et al. Patent No. 2,467,704, which machine is constructed primarily for the purpose of payroll work.
This present invention greatly enhances and speeds up the writing of payroll checks due to the fact that automatically, under the control of the amount of money which an employee earned and under control of the number of dependents which the employee has, the operator can instantly read off the amount of taxes which are to be deducted from such employees gross pay, these amounts being indicated through a lighted area on the backs of certain columns of figures which are preselected according to the employees gross pay which has been entered into the machine, along with the combined control, depending upon how many dependents the employee has.
Therefore, it is not necessary for the operator to stop and figure the amount of federal income tax, the amount of city income tax, or the amount of F. O. A. B. which is to be deducted from the employees pay.
It is, therefore, one object of this invention to provide an accounting machine for distributing items into a pinrality of classification totalizers and also to provide the necessary crossfooters or add-subt act totalizers for obtaining the proper totals and balances of the various neces sary items in order to produce a payroll check and the necessary records in connection therewith.
it is a further object of the present invention to provide means for indicating to the operator the amount of P. O. A. B. contribution, the amount of city income taxes, and the amount of federal income taxes which are to be deducted from the employees gross pay, depending upon the number of dependents which the employee has.
A further object of the present invention is to provide means forautomatically indicating to the operator or automatically signaling the operator that there is to be no tax deducted from the employeess payroll check.
A still further object of this invention is to provide automatically an indicating mechanism for an indicator, to tell the operator when the employees gross pay has reached $3,600.00, sothat there should be no more F. O. A. B. deductions from this particular employees pay.
A further object of the present invention is to provide electrically-controlled means under control of the amount difierentials and under control of a bank of keys which record the number of dependents an employee has, to automatically indicate to the operator the amount of taxes which are to be deducted from the employees gross pay.
Another object is to control relays to in turn control the lighting of lamps during another operation of a multiple operation than the one in which said relays are originally pulledup or engaged.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide a rotating drum mechanism upon which there is secured a chart of figures representing various gross pays, various F. O. A. B deductions, various city income tax deductions, and various federal income tax deductions, depending upon the number of dependents an employee has, which drum mechanism is located on top of the machine, so that the operator can readily read off the amount of various taxes to be deducted, depending upon the number of dependents the employee has.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a tax chart to be used in connection with a machine for making up payrolls, on which chart there are provided a plurality of columns of figures and behind each column there is a lamp which is adapted to be lighted under control of the amount differentials and under control of the number of dependents keys which are operated.
Another object is to control the lighting of the lamps under control of the gross pay set up on differentials in a sub-total operation.
With these and incidental objects in view, the invention includes certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts, a preferred form or embodiment of which is hereinafter described with reference to the drawings which accompany and form a part of this specification.
In said drawings:
Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view of a keyboard of the machine used in connection with the present invention, which keyboard is to control a machine of the type illustrated and described in the abovementioned Spurlino et al. Patent No. 2,467,704.
Fig. 2 is a detail sectional view through one of the amount banks of keys and shows a differential mechanism operated under control of these keys to control the printing of amounts, selector switches associated with certain differentials, and also with the bank of keys which will be hereinafter known as the bank of dependents keys are controlled by such differentials.
Fig. 3 is a detail of one of the selector switches used in connection with the amount differentials, the total control bank differential, and also the number of dependents bank of keys. These switches are also shown in diagrammatic form in the electrical wiring diagrams.
Fig. 4 is a detail of a portion of the transfer total drive mechanism from the machine.
Fig. 5 shows the totalizer-controlling mechanism relative to its timing for adding, reading, resetting, and transfer of total, and the transfer total selection and drive.
Fig. 6 is a detail of the totalizer-engaging control for the transfer of totals.
Fig. 7 is a detail view of the totalizer-engaging control for add, read, and reset operations.
Fig. 8 shows the printer drive control and the positive stop for the printer cam line under control of the row 3 printer selection.
Fig. 9 shows the total control plate which is differentially set under control of the keys in row 1. This also shows the connection to one of the selector switches which, as above mentioned, is under control of the keys in row 1.
Fig. 10 is a front elevation of the automatic tax indicator drum, which is shown partly in section, and associated mechanism.
Fig. 11 is a view in reduced scale, showing a part of a payroll machine, with the automatic tax indicator mounted on the upper left top part thereof.
Fig. 12 is a right-hand elevation view of the tax indicator and shows particularly the brushes associated with the $10.00 differential which selects the $10.00 group of lines on the chart.
Fig. 13 is a view taken approximately on line 13-13 of Fig. 10 and shows the individual line selection brushes and also shows a part of the lamp devices which are arranged behind the reading opening for the lines of figures on the chart.
Fig. 14 is a detail view, showing the contacts used in connection with the selections of the lines to be set in a readable position after the group of lines has been selected by the $10.00 differential. These contacts are controlled by the brushes shown in Fig. 13 under control of the dollar differential.
Fig. 15 is a view taken approximately on line 15-15 of Fig. 10 and shows the contact rings which are used in connection with the brushes of Fig. 12 to control the group of lines to be selected.
Fig. 16 is a view approximately on line 1616 of Fig. 10, looking in the direction of the arrows, and shows particularly the left end of the tax chart drum.
Fig. 17 is a facsimile of a payroll check which is printed by the machine, showing the gross pay, the various deductions, and the various balances which the employee has earned or has had deducted from his pay so far during the year.
Fig. 18 is a detail view of the mounting for the automatic tax indicator.
Fig. 19 is a detail view of a portion of the tax chart showing the various columns of figures relating to the Old Age Benefit deductions, the city income tax deductions, and the federal income tax deductions.
Figs. 20-A to 20D, taken together, constitute a wiring diagram showing the lighting system or, in other words, the lamps which are used in connection with the tax chart so as to light up the proper column after the line has been selected under control of the amount differentials set according to the gross pay plus the number of dependents the employee has.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION Described in general terms, the machine embodying the the present invention is of the general type disclosed in the above-mentioned Shipley and Goldberg patents, and particularly the patent to Spurlino et al. No. 2,457,704. These patents all disclose a plurality of totalizers into which may be distributed various amounts, according to the business system for which the machine is being built. The Spurlino et a1. patent last mentioned is used particularly for payroll work, and the totalizers are adapted to receive the many and various items constituting individual transactions that are handled in the process of making out payroll checks.
The above-mentioned Shipley and Goldberg patents also disclose what are known in the art as add-and-subtract totalizers, or crossfooters, by which name they have come to be known, from which balances may be printed at any time.
To control the printing of the various printing media, the machine has four rows of control keys and fifteen banks of amount keys, as shown diagrammatically in Fig. 1. The amount keyboard is what is known in the art as a split keyboard. The split in the keyboard is indicated by a dot-and-dash line and is marked Split, so that the amounts under control of the keys on the lefthand side of the split go into one side of a split totalizer and the amounts under control of the banks of keys to the right of the split go into the other side of the split totalizer. The first bank of keys on the left is called the Number of Dependents bank and is what is known in the art as a combination bank. It controls printing in adding operations, and the differential may be controlled by a totalizer wheel in total and sub-total operations. Therefore, there is a split-and-normal condition from the rest of the banks to the immediate right thereof. The next two banks of keys are accumulator banks, and the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh banks of keys are to record the number of hours which the employee works. The eight banks of keys to the right of the split are all amount banks. The four right-hand banks are used for deductions, the five right-hand banks are usually used for earnings, and
.7 the six right-hand banks are used to pick up prior earnings and prior amounts of various kinds necessary with the writing of the payroll checks.
The machine shown in the last-mentioned SpurIinoet al. patent .is adapted to print on an earnings record card to the right of the machine, on a check near the center of the machine, and on a payroll summary which is adapted to be fed and printed on the left side of the machine.
The four rows of control keys on the right side of the keyboard control the selection of the columns and th selection of the various line spaces in the columns to receive the printed data, accordin to the several operations of the machine necessary to complete a payroll check writing and issuing transaction.
The number of operations, of course, varies with the number of types of earnings to be credited to each employee and also varies with the number of deductions chargeable. against the gross earnings of each employee. As has been previouslystated, the time clock card box is located on thetop of the machine near the right side, and the automatic tax indicator is located on top of the machine to the left.
Generally, an operation of the writing of a payroll check, such as that shown in Fig. 17, comprises the following operations: first, pick up the employees earnings to date from a summary payroll, and set this amount up on the amount keys and depress the earnings-to-date kc in row 2. Then pick up the amount of federal income tax which has been previously deducted, then pick up the amount of city income tax previously deducted, and finally pick up the amount of federal O. A. B. or social security which has been previously deducted. This involves four operations of the machine, each of which is set into motion by the operation of the various keys in row 2. In other words, when picking up the federal income tax, the Withholding Tax key in row 2 is depressed; for the operation of picking up the city income tax, the City Tax key is operated; and when picking up the social security, the F. O. A. B. key is operated to release the machine and cause such amount to be added into the proper totalizers.
In the next operation, the operator sets up the number of dependents in the left-hand row of keys shown in Fig. 1 and also sets up, for example, the amount $116.00 and depresses the Gross Earnings key, which is the top key in row 4.
The tax chart which is placed on the automatic tax indicator drum is preferably photographed on a film so that the numbers are white, and, when lamps are lighted behind these numbers, the operator can very readily read the number which has been selected.
Therefore, in conjunction with the present invention, there are provided on the inside of the drum 17 electric lamps which are adapted to be controlled as to their light ing under control of the amount of the gross pay and the number of dependents which are registered into the machine. The lamps are shown diagrammatically in Fig. 20A of the wiring diagram.
There are a number of relays used in connection with this invention, and these are all numbered in the wiring diagram, the complete diagram consisting of Figs. 20-A to 20-1) inclusive.
In order to simplify the schematic wiring diagram to limit the number of lines as much as possible, the 6-volt and 43-volt taps from the A. C. transformer and the 115- volt power input sources are shown as battery and ground. To continue on with the operation in the General Description wherein the $116.00 gross pay has been entered into the machine, as above mentioned, the Gross Earning key in the No. 9 position in row 4 is depressed for this operation.
In the wiring diagram, there are also shown the selector switches in a diagrammatical form. There is one selector switch associated with the Number of Dependents keys diiferential, one selector switch associated with the thousand-dollar bank differential, two switches associated with the hundred-dollar bank differential, three switches associated with the ten-dollar bank differential, two switches associated with the dollar bank differential, one associated with the dimes bank differential, one associated with the units bank differential, and one selector switch associated with the differential in row 1. These are all diagrammatically shown in the wiring dia ram in Figs. 20-0 and 20-1).
All relays R1 to R15, R17, and R23, when once operated, are held operated under control of relay R16, which is operated during Net Pay operations to cause release of said relays, the Net Pay operation being the final check writing operation. Thus all relays are in normal positions ready to control the writing of the next check.
The selector switch associated with the row 'of Dependents keys differential controls the operation of relays Nos. R4 to R13 inclusive. These relays have been so numbered on the wiring diagram in Figs. 20A to 20-D. To the left side of these relays, there is a series of numbers 0 to 9, which correspond to the zero position of the Dependents bank up to the 9 position ofthe Dependents key bank.
Relays R1, R2, and R3 are associated with and assist in the controlling of the lighting of the lamps associated with the social security columns of figures, the city income tax figures, and, under certain conditions, the federal income tax figures.
The depression of key 9 in row 4namely, the Gross Earnings key-causes the closing of switch labeled key 9 row 4 to provide current to the selector switch associated with the number of Dependents keys difierential. Therefore, the selector switch associated with said ditferential pulls up relay R when there are no dependents. In other words, when the dififerential of this bank stops at zero, the relay R4 will be energized or pulled up.
During this operation, when the number of dependents varies from zero to 9, the relays R4- to. R13, respectively, are operated, depending upon whether or not no keys 1 to 9 are depressed. When there is no key depressed, the relay R4 is pulled up; When No. 1 key is depressed, relay R5 is pulled up, etc, down to the No. 9 key, which pulls up relay R13.
During this operation, circuits will be set up to later control the lighting of the desired lamps. When the amount is under $60.00, the relay R14- operates, and, if it is an even number of dollars, one of the lamps zero to 4 for the number of dependents wil be lighted, and, when it is an odd number of dollars, one of the lamps 5 to 9 will be lighted. If the amount is over $60.00 and there are no dependents, the Zero lamp will be lighted, and proportionately down the line, if there are nine dependcuts and the amount is over $60.00, the No. 9 lamp will be lighted. if the amount is under $60.00 and there are five or more dependents, then there is no tax, and there will be a No Ta x green light which is lighted.
The next operation is to depress the Gross key in row 1 or the total row. This is a sub-total operation; i. e., the machine takes a sub-total of the crossfooter and therefore sets the amount differentials under control of the gross pay in the crossfooter, which, we will assume, is $116.00. The depression of this key initiates the machine operation and at the proper time causes cam switch D to again close. This switch is normally closed at the beginning of the operation of the machine but is open during the movement of the selector switches. While the switch is open, the differential is set under control of this Gross key; then switch D closes at the proper time. This supplies the current to the three selecting switches associated with the $0.00 bank differential and the two selecting switches associated with the hundred-dollar bank differential to position the tax indicator drum, to select the group of lines under control of the $10.00 bank differential. In other words, there are five groups of lines associated with each $10.00 jump in gross amounts. In addition, power is supplied to the dollar selector to determine even or odd dollars. Then switch C closes to supply power to the dime bank selector switch, and it supplies power to the penny bank selector when needed, based on 66-cent pay steps.
Therefore, first it is necessary to select a group of lines, and then, under control of the amount in the dollars bank differential, the particular line of the group is selected. The supplying of the current to the $10.00 and $100.00 switches and to the even dollar bank, by the depression of the Gross key in row 1, also energizes relays R1 and R3 to partially control the four F. O. A. B. lamps and to fully control the two city income tax lamps. One of the $10.00 switches energizes relay R14 when the amount is below $60.00 to partially control the federal income tax lamps. Now, of course, if the amount is below $60.00, relay R14 controls the federal income tax lamps when there are no dependents to four dependents on the even or the odd dollar amounts. If there are more than four dependents, then a No Income Tax lamp is lighted when relay R14 operates.
The operation in which the Gross key in the total row or row 1 is depressed controls the lighting of the lamps in the city income tax columns and the social security columns as follows. When the dollars are even and the cents are from nothing to 33 cents, the relays R1, R3, and R2 are operated, and lamp No. 1 under the city income tax column and lamp No. 1 on social security column are lighted. When the amounts are in even dollars and the cents are from 34 cents to 99 cents, relays R1 and R3 are operated to cause the lighting of lamp No. l in the city income tax column and lamp No. 2 in the social security column. When the amount of dollars is odd and the amount of cents runs from nothing to 66 cents, relay R2 is operated, which causes lamp No. 2 in the city income tax column to be lighted and lamp No. 3 in the social security column to be lighted. When the amount of dollars is odd and the cents run from 67 cents to 99 cents, the city income tax lamp No. 2 is lighted and the social security tax lamp No. 4 is lighted.
During this operation the drum is positioned and relay R18 is pulled up (if even tens of dollars), R19 (if $100.00) R20 and R21 (reversing relays) R22 (delayed action relay) and R23 (a two-speed relay) are pulled up during this operation.
The next operation is the extension of the earnings to date, which is controlled by the depression of Extension key in row 1 and Earnings to Date key in row 2. If the amount is over $3,600.00, the relay R15 is pulled up, the red light is operated, and any F. O. A. B. lamp is disabled. During this operation, relay R17 supplies power to the lamps.
The final operation, of course, is the Net Pay. To get the Net Pay of the employee, the operator depresses the Net Pay key in row 1, and this pulls up relay R16 and releases all of the circuits.
It might be well to say here in connection with the general description that there are three basic circuits in connection with this invention. One circuit controls the position of the drum, one circuit controls the income tax lamps, and another circuit controls the city income tax and the F. O. A. B. social security lamps.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION Keyboard The keyboard of the machine is shown in diagrammatic form in Fig. 1.
The left-hand bank of keys 59 are used for the purpose of registering the number of dependents in connection with the deduction of the federal income taxes. The next six banks of keys 60 are used to register the number of hours and may be used in connection with the W2 form for setting up the total amount of wages earned. Between key banks 7 and 8 there is a permanent split.
10 To the right of this split, the eight banks of keys 61 are used for setting up deductions and for setting up amounts of earnings to date and prior earnings, and also, in connection with the W2 forms, are used to set up the total amount of taxes which have been deducted for various purposes.
To the right of the amount keys 60 and 61 are four rows of control keys designated Row 1, Row 2, Row 3, and Row 4. Keys 62 of row 1 are operating or motorized keys; that is, they release the machine for actuation when depressed. The Gross key 62 causes a sub-total of the crossfooter to set up the employees gross pay in the amount differentials. The Net Pay key 62 causes a clearing of the crossfooter, which at this time contains the employees net pay. Key 63 is a non-motorized key and is used in conjunction with the X Earnings to Date key of row 2. The top keys 64 of row 1 are non-motorized keys and are used to select the totalizers corresponding to the keys of rows 2, 3, and 4 during clearing operations.
The keys of row 2 are designated 65. The keys of row 3 are designated 66, and the keys of row 4 are designated 67.
The keys X, Y, Z, and W 65 of row 2 are used to pick up the totals of Earnings to Date, Withholding Tax, City Tax, and F. O. A. B. Social Security, respectively, prior to the writing of an individual payroll check. The W-Z key is used to release the machine when the W-Z forms are being set up and printed by the machine for use to be sent to federal income tax offices. The Over $3,600.00 key is used to release the machine when an employees pay has reached $3,600.00 and, therefore, there should be no further deductions for social security taken from this particular individual.
The K Net Pay key 66 of row 3 is used for printing special checks when there are to be no deductions, as in the case of a vacation pay check. The remaining keys I to T in this row 3 are used to set up the various deductions which may be applicable to any employee.
The keys 67 of row 4, marked B to H and P and L are used in connection with the writing of the payroll according to the designations on the keys opposite the letters.
The keys of rows 2, 3, and 4 select various totalizers in the machine in the manner which has been fully illustrated and explained in the previously-mentioned Spurlino et al. Patent No. 2,467,704.
Operating mechanism Normally the machine is electrically operated by a conventional type of motor such as that disclosed in the Shipley patents referred to hereinbefore, and, in addition, a hand crank (not shown) is provided for operating the machine manually whenever necessary. The well-known starting bar used on previous machines has been omitted from this machine, and, instead, the machine is released for operation by depression of any one of a plurality of socalled motorized or operating keys located in the control rows of keys; that is, keys 62 of row 1, keys 65 of row 2, keys 66 of row 3, and keys 67 of row 4, as shown in Fig. 1. These keys will be explained more in detail later in the specification.
Depression of any one of the operating or motorized keys releases a key lock shaft 69 (Figs. 2 and 9) to the action of a spring (not shown), which rocks said shaft a slight distance clockwise to operate the clutch mechanism which connects the driving motor to a main cam shaft 70, journaled in the machine side frames 74. The movement of this key lock shaft 69 simultaneously operates the switch mechanism which closes the circuit to the motor, thus causing the motor to operate and drive the main drive shaft 70.
The machine disclosed herein is adapted to make two types of operations, one of which is an adding operation, consisting of one cycle, and the other of which is a total-taking operation, consisting of two cycles. In this application, one complete rotation of the main drive shaft 70 is considered one cycle of operation.
As has been stated above, the machine is adapted to be used for making out a payroll, which involves the issuing of checks having printed thereon various data, such as the employees gross earnings, various deductions, and the net earnings, in addition to several other types of data which the machine is adapted to print.
The setting up and registering of the gross pay, deductions, number of hours, etc., are one-cycle operations. The printing of the employees net pay is a two-cycle or total-taking operation, wherein the net pay is printed as the balance remaining after the various deductions have been made from the employees gross pay.
To obtain the employees gross pay, the operator adds together the several different types of pay, such as regular pay, overtime pay, and possibly a bonus, which the employee may have coming, and then makes a sub-total operation by depressing the Gross key 62 in row 1, or the total row.
Therefore, it can be seen that, in order to issue pay checks for one employee, it requires several operations of the one-cycle type and also operations of the totaltaking and sub-total-taking type, which consists of two cycles.
Near the end of each single-cycle operation and near the end of the second cycle of two-cycle operations, the
key lock shaft 69 is returned counterclockwise to disengage the clutch mechanism and simultaneously open the motor switch to the electric motor, thus causing the machine to stop when it reaches home position.
The tripping or release of the shaft 69 is one of the first things that happen during the operation, and this takes place before the cam shaft 76 operates. Near the end of the cycle, the shaft 69 is moved to its normal position.
When the machine is manually operated by the use of a hand crank, the operating keys are used for releasing the machine in exactly the same manner as when the machine is electrically operated.
Amount diflerential mechanism The differential mechanism for each of the banks of keys 59, 60, and 61 is identical, and in Fig. 2 there is shown a cross section of the machine alongside of one of the banks of keys 61. Therefore, it is thought that a description of this one differential mechanism will suffice for all banks of amount keys 60 and 61 and also for the bank of keys 59, which relate to the number of dependents.
Moreover, the key bank frames for the keys S9, 60, and 61 are identical, as is the Zero stop mechanism for these banks of keys, and, therefore, the description of the bank of keys 61 and its supporting framework, shown in Fig. 2, will suffice for all.
The keys 61, which are used in this case to record the amounts of moneys, are mounted in the usual key frame 71, supported by rods 72 and 73, which, in turn, are supported by machine side frames 74 (Figs. 2 and 8). The keys all cooperate with a detent 75, having a flattened pin 76, which retains the key in its depressed position, as fully illustrated and described in the above-mentioned Shipley patents.
This detent 75 is pivoted to an arm 77, which, through a pin 78, on an arm 79, and a shaft 8f rocks a zero stop pawl 81 for this particular denomination counterclockwise out of the path of a reset spider 32, free on the hub of an amount differential actuator 83, rotatably supported by a hub 84, extending between two similar amount differential support plates 85 (only one of which is shown), in turn supported by rods 86, extending between and supported by the machine side frames 74. There is a pair of support plates 85 for each amount differential, and a tie rod 87 extends through the holes in the centers of the hubs 84 to secure all of the amount differentials in a compact unit. The reset spider 82 has, in its'forward end, a slot which engages a stud 91 in a bell crank 92 pivoted on an extension of a differential actuator 83. This bell crank 92 is connected by a link 93 to a latch arm 94, which is pivoted on the differential actuator 83. The upper end of the arm 94 has a foot 95, which cooperates with a shoulder 9-5 on a driver 97, which receives a regular excursion clockwise and then counter-clockwise to its normal position each operation of the machine. A spring 98 holds the foot 95 of the latch arm 94 in engagement with the driver 97. The driver 97 is pivoted on the hub 84 of the differential actuator 83 and is connected by a link 99 to a lever 10%, pivoted on a stud fill supported by the plate 85. The lever lilfl carries rollers 102 and 103, which cooperate, respectively, with the peripheries .of companion plate cams 10d and 195 secured to the main drive shaft 79. This main drive shaft 70 receives its motion by the usual mechanism, which is fully illustrated and described in the above-mentioned Shipleypatents but which is not shown herein.
Depression of any one of the keys all moves its lower end into the path of a forward extension 111 of the bell crank 92, and operation of the machine causes the cams til-i and 1&5, as previously described, to make one complete revolution in adding and/ or subtracting operations to rock the lever and the driver 7 clockwise, whereupon the latch foot 95 carries the differential actuator 83 and the spider S2 clockwise in unison therewith until the extension 111 of the bell crank 92 engages the end of the depressed keys 61. When this occurs, the bell crank 92 is rocked counter-clockwise, whereupon the link 93 rocks the latch arm 94 counter-clockwise, disengages the foot $5 from the shoulder 96 of the driver 97, and causes a nose 112 on an extension of the link 93 to engage the proper one of a series of alining notches 113. These notches 113 correspond to the differential positions of the differential actuator 83 and are cut in a plate 114, supported by extensions of the plate 35 and the rod 86. This positions the actuator 33 according to the value of the key 61 which has been depressed, without interfering with the oscillating movement of the driver W7 and the connected parts. After the latch arm 94 is disengaged rom the shoulder 96 of the driver 97, an 'arcuate surface 115 on the periphery of the driver 97, in cooperationwith the sole of the foot 95, locks the latch in the corresponding notch 113 to retain the differential mechanism in said position.
When the lever 100 reaches or nears the terminus of its initial clockwise movement, a roller 12 carried thereby, engages the under surface 121 of a beam 122 pivotally mounted on the differential actuator 83 and forces an arcuate upper surface of the beam to contact an undercut portion of the hub 84 to position said beam 122 in proportion to the value of the key 61 which has been depressed. The rear end of the beam 122 embraces a stud 123 of a link 1324- pivotally connected at its upper end to an alining segment 125 secured to one of the nested sleeves 126 mounted on a shaft 127 supported by the side frames 74. This aliner 125 has alining notches 128 to cooperate with aliner 129, mounted on a shaft 139. This aliner alines all amount differential actuators 33 in a manner described in the Shipley Patent No. 1,619,796.
The lower end of the link 12 4 is pivotally connected to a se ment 141 freely mounted on a shaft 142 journaled in the side frames 74. The segment 141 carries a stud 143, which engages a cam slot in a Zero elimination cam plate 144 pivotally mounted on a stud 145 in asegmental gear 146 free on a shaft 147 also journaled in the side frames 74. The teeth of the segment gear 146 mesh with the external teeth of an external-internal ring gear 148, the internal teeth of which mesh with a pinion 149, which drives a square shaft 150. The square shaft, in turn, drives similar pinions meshing with the internal teeth of the gears similar to the gear 148, the external teeth of which gears are adapted to mesh with and drive corresponding denominational type wheels 151 in each row of the column printing mechanism, as fully illustrated and described in the above-mentioned Spurlino et al. Patent No. 2,467,704.
This method of driving the type wheels of the column printing accounting machine is also fully explained in the previously-mentioned Arnold Patent No. 2,141,332 and embodies an application of the well-known principle of driving mechanism disclosed in the above-mentioned Kreider Patent No. 1,693,279.
The zero elimination mechanism above mentioned, which is for the purpose of controlling the printing of zeros and which is controlled by the above-mentioned zero elimination cam plate 144, is not directly involved in the invention in the present application, and, therefore, no further reference to the zero elimination mechanism will be given herein. Such type of zero elimination mechanism is illustrated and described in the abovementioned Arnold Patent No. 2,141,332.
The mechanism described above transmits the positioning of the beam 122 to the segments 125, so that at each operation of the machine the segment 125 is set and left set in the position according to the key 61 which has been depressed.
Therefore, due to the aliner 129, the differential mechanism and the link 124 are positively alined in the differential position into which they have been set.
The positioning of the beam 122 through the link 124 also controls the positioning of selector switches, which will be described hereinafter and which are connected to certain of the amount banks, as will be hereinafter set forth.
The machine is provided with the usual cabinet or casing 152, a portion of which is shown in Figs. 2 and 5. This casing is provided with the usual openings closed by hinged covers and provided with locks to prevent any unauthorized persons from tampering with any of the machine mechanisms.
Selector switches in connection with the present invention, there are twelve selector switches, one of which is shown in detail in Fig. 3 and all of which are shown diagrammatically in Figs. 20-C and 20-D of the wiring diagram. These selector switches are substantially all alike, with the exception of the constant contact, which is separated in one of the $100.00 bank switches and in the total row 1 switch, as shown in the wiring diagram.
There is one of the selector switches associated With the differential for the bank of dependents keys 59; there is one selector switch associated with the $1,000.00 bank differential; there are two selector switches associated with the $100.00 bank differential; there are three selector switches associated with the $10.00 bank differential and two selector switches associated with the dollar bank differential; there is one selector switch associated with the dimes bank differential; there is one selector switch associated with the penny bank differential; and there is one selector switch associated with the mechanism of row 1, which is the total control row.
The selector switch will now be described in detail with particular reference to Fig. 3. These switches are all mounted in front of the machine tie bar 153, which connects the machine side frames 74. Each selector switch includes a stationary segment 160, upon which are mounted ten individual contact or terminal members 161, which are numbered to 9. These members 161 are all electrically insulated from the segmental member 160. Also carried by the segmental member 160 is an arcuate contact member 162, which also is electrically insulated from the segmental member 160.
Contacting the zero terminal 161 and the arcuate contact plate 162 is a wipe switch 163, carried by and electrically insulated from a differentially adjustable arm 164, which is secured to an internal-external gear 165, the internal teeth of which drive a pinion 166 on a square shaft 167. Also mounted on this shaft 167 is another pinion (not shown but identical with the pinion 166), which meshes with internal teeth on an internal-external gear 168, which meshes with an internal-external gear 169. The internal teeth on the gear 169 mesh with a pinion 170 on the previously-described shaft 150, which, it will be remembered, is set differentially under the control of the differential mechanism in Fig. 2 as determined by the key 61 which has been depressed; or, if no key has been depressed, it is determined by the zero stop 81.
From the above description it can be clearly seen that the differ ntial movement imparted to the gear 169 by the differential mechanism, under control of the keys 61, will, through the gears 169, 168, and 165, the square shaft 167, and the pinions 166, be imparted to the wipe switch carrying arm 164.
Therefore, the wipe switch arm 164 will move the wipe switch 163 clockwise, so that the switch will contact the arcuate contact 162 and one of the contact terminals 161, depending upon the positioning of the differential mechanism, which at this time is under control of one of the depressed keys 60. However, no electrical circuits are completed at this time.
The making and completion of circuits through the switches 163 and the terminals 161 under control of the differentials occur during a sub-total operation, when the Gross key 162 is depressed, to cause the differentials to be set under control of the amount of an employees gross pay, which now determines the position of the Wipe switches 163. The electrical circuits, to be described later, determine which lamps are to be lighted in connection with the tax chart and also, depending upon the movements of the differentials associated with the $10.00 and $100.00 banks, as controlled by the gross pay totalizer wheels, will determine the distance that the tax drum is to be rotated to move the chart to select the group of lines and, after the group of lines are selected, to move the chart under control of the dollar bank differential to select the particular line of the group which has been previously selected. After the selection of this particular line, then, under the control of the differential for the Number of Dependents keys 59, the lamp associated with the proper column of figures in connection with the federal income tax is lighted, so that the operator will make the proper deduction from the employees pay check, according to the number of dependents and according to the gross amount of pay, as shown in the left-hand column.
Difiercntial mechanism for the control bank The differential mechanism for the control banks shown in row 2, row 3, and row 4 of Fig. 1 are not shown in this particular application, but the differential mechanism for the banks of control keys shown and described in the above-mentioned Spurlino et al. Patent No. 2,467,704 is the same type of mechanism which is used in connection with the control keys in the present application, and reference may be had to this patent for such mechanisms for illustration and description thereof.
A has been previously stated, there is one of the selector switches like that shown in Fig. 3 associated with the bank of control keys in row 1, and, of course, the differential mechanism under control of the keys in row 1 controls the selector switch for that bank under the control of the Gross key 62, which is depressed.
Totalizers The machine shown in this application has the usual three lines of totalizers, numbered 1, 2, and 3 in Fig. 2. As before stated, the totalizers on each of these lines split between th keys 60 and 61 (Fig. 1); that is, there is no transfer mechanism between the totalizer wheels associated with the left-hand bank of keys 61 and the first
US259574A 1951-12-03 1951-12-03 Accounting machine with totalizer controlled, differentially positionable, bookkeeping chart Expired - Lifetime US2805821A (en)

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Cited By (1)

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US3156412A (en) * 1961-08-11 1964-11-10 American Mach & Foundry Remote control system for combined adding machine, tax computer, and coin dispenser

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GB578077A (en) * 1938-07-26 1946-06-14 Gaz & D Electricite Du Sud Est Ready reckoner for use in conjunction with an accounting machine
US2445264A (en) * 1948-07-13 Calculator
US2453909A (en) * 1948-11-16 Tax computing device
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US2064147A (en) * 1936-12-15 E breitling
US2154381A (en) * 1939-04-11 Cash register
US2445264A (en) * 1948-07-13 Calculator
US2453909A (en) * 1948-11-16 Tax computing device
US2467704A (en) * 1949-04-19 Accounting machine
GB578077A (en) * 1938-07-26 1946-06-14 Gaz & D Electricite Du Sud Est Ready reckoner for use in conjunction with an accounting machine
US2288520A (en) * 1938-08-17 1942-06-30 Ncr Co Cash register
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US2480228A (en) * 1941-11-17 1949-08-30 Diamond Solomon Tabular chart selector
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US3156412A (en) * 1961-08-11 1964-11-10 American Mach & Foundry Remote control system for combined adding machine, tax computer, and coin dispenser

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