US2774095A - Apparatus for treating hair with liquids - Google Patents

Apparatus for treating hair with liquids Download PDF

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Publication number
US2774095A
US2774095A US34398153A US2774095A US 2774095 A US2774095 A US 2774095A US 34398153 A US34398153 A US 34398153A US 2774095 A US2774095 A US 2774095A
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Prior art keywords
liquid
finger
apparatus
distributing
bladder
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Berg Sven Martin
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Berg Sven Martin
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D2/00Hair-curling or hair-waving appliances ; Appliances for hair dressing treatment not otherwise provided for
    • A45D2/12Hair winders or hair curlers for use parallel to the scalp, i.e. flat-curlers
    • A45D2/14Hair winders or hair curlers for use parallel to the scalp, i.e. flat-curlers of single-piece type, e.g. stiff rods or tubes with or without cord, band, or the like as hair-fastening means
    • A45D2/22Hair winders or hair curlers for use parallel to the scalp, i.e. flat-curlers of single-piece type, e.g. stiff rods or tubes with or without cord, band, or the like as hair-fastening means with means for applying liquids therethrough
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D19/00Devices for washing the hair or the scalp; Similar devices for colouring the hair
    • A45D19/02Hand-actuated implements, e.g. hand-actuated spray heads

Description

Dec. 1956 s. M. BERG 2,774,095

APPARATUS FOR TREATING HAIR WI'IH LIQUIDS Filed March 23, 1.953

2,774,095 Patented Dec. 18, 1956 ice APPARATUS FOR TREATING HAIR WITH LIQUIDS Sven Martin Berg, Lidingo, Sweden Application March 23, 1953, Serial No. 343,981

Claims priority, application Sweden March 28, 1952 2 Claims. (Cl. 15-137) This invention refers to an apparatus for treating hair with liquids and has particular reference to apparatus of that general character having a casing from a still material, in which is arranged a cylinder serving as a liquid container and a plunger or piston displaceable in this container, said plunger acting upon the liquid contained in the cylinder and by means of which plunger the liquid is pressed out through a nozzle. According to my invention the plunger is of the floating type and displaceable in the cylinder by compressed air acting upon the side of the plunger opposite to that of the liquid and generated from an air hand-pump, such as bellows or an elastic bladder, disposed laterally of the cylinder, in a manner such as to perirnt an actuation of the air pump by the hand holding the casing of the apparatus.

My invention also comprises the details of construction and arrangements of parts Which are hereinafter more particularly described and claimed, reference being bad to an example of embodiment illustrated in the accompanying drawing.

Figs. 1 and 2 show the apparatus in elevation and in a lower plan view, respectively. Fig. 3 shows the same in an endwise view. Fig. 4 shows a section on line IViV in Fig. 2. Fig. 5 shows a section on line VV in Fig. 1. Figs. 6 and 7 illustrate the use of the apparatus. Figs. 8 and 9 show a modified arrangement for applying dye or other treating liquid to the hair, Fig. 8 showing a spool for cold-waving the hair, to a state of permanence, and Fig. 9 shows an applicator finger for the apparatus intended for cooperation with the spool.

The apparatus consists of an elongated essentially cylindrical casing 1 made for instance from transparent plastic, said casing forming a handle member having a cylindrical reservoir 2 for the liquid, such as a dye solution, formed therein. Arranged at one end of the casing is a cover 3 protruding into the reservoir 2 by a cylindrical tightening plug 4. Arranged in the cover 3 is a channel 6 connected to the reservoir 2 through a non-return valve 9 opening toward the reservoir. The channel 6 is connected over a socket 5 to a pipe 7 leading to a rubber bladder 8. The rubber bladder is provided in known manner with a narrow opening 10 to the external air. Moreover as seen clearly from the drawing, bladder 8 is elongated and lies along the side of easing 1 so that when the casing is held in the palm of the right hand the fingers partially encircle the bladder and hence are in the proper and a natural position to press in upon the bladder.

Arranged in the reservoir 2 which serves also as a pump cylinder is a freely slidable floating plunger or piston 11 acted upon, on the side facing the cover 3, by the compressed air generated by the bladder. From the end of the cylinder opposed to that of the cover 3 extends a channel 12, through which the liquid located at the lower side of the plunger maybe pressed out, when the rubber bladder is compressed by the fingers of the hand holding the apparatus, so that the air from the bladder will press upon the liquid via the plunger.

The plunger 11 may be secured to the cover 3 by means of a chain or the like (not shown) of greater length than the distance between the cover and the plunger when being situated near the far end of the cylinder opposite plug 3.

A measuring scale 26 may be provided on the transparent cylinder wall to permit the cylinder to be used at the same time as a measuring glass in the preparation of the dye mixture.

Exchangeably secured in the handle member 1 adjacent to the cover 3 is a distributing finger 13 projecting in parallel with the longitudinal axis of the pump cylinder 2 but laterally of the same. The finger has a plug-like extension 14 entering the handle member and is retained by a stop screw 15. Provided in the finger 13 is a groove 16 receiving a radial cam 17 arranged on the cover 3. The cover is secured by being turned so that the cam is caused to enter the groove 16.

In the finger 13, which may also consist of a transparent material, there is arranged a longitudinally extending bore 18 forming a continuation of the liquid passage 12.

The distributing finger 13 is of an elongated shape and terminates in a point 19. In cross section (Fig. 5), it is preferably of an elongated configuration, and is provided, along a portion of the one long side, with an elongated groove 29 having the liquid passage 18 opening into the same. The inner portion of the groove 2! is preferably of a considerably smaller width than the diameter of the channel 18, and the channel terminates at a distance from the outer end of the groove 21) adjacent to the point 19. Through the formation of the channel 18 and the groove 20 a very uniform distribution of the liquid will be obtained for the whole length of the groove, inasmuch as the entire groove is filled with dye fluid. The pressure will be approximately the same in the whole of this mass of dye.

The outer portion of the groove 29, Fig. 5, is widened so as to form a seat for a dye-absorbing distributing member 21 in the form of an elongated wick. This outer portion of the groove may preferably be formed by a longitudinal bore 22 extending through the inner portion of the finger 13 being caused to continue along the groove '20 while being surrounded by the material of the finger for somewhat more than the half of the circumference thereof. The distributing member will then remain safely in the roove with a portion tiereof projecting outside the longitudinal side of the finger.

The distributing member 2.. may be advantageously constructed as a plaited pipe cleaner, that is to say, it may consist of a wire frame having liquid-absorbing yarn plaited into the same. It is easy to insert and to pull out the distributing member by the fact that it moves through the bore 22 and the opening portion 22a of the groove 20. Near the point of the finger 13 the bore 22, 22a has a termination 22b receiving the outer end of the distributing member 21 to safely retain the latter.

In the use of the apparatus, the operators hand grasps over the handle member 1 with the fingers over the rubber bladder 8. Through a slight pressure of the fingers on the rubber bladder air will be pressed in on the left side of the plunger 11 in Fig. 1, so that the plunger is displaced to the right, thus forcing a corresponding quantity of liquid out to the distributing finger. This liquid is absorbed by the distributing member, which is rubbed against the portion of the hair to be dyed. The function of the apparatus is not altered in different positions of the same. It functions just as well, whether the point 13 is turned upwardly or downwardly. As soon as the pressure on the rubber bladder ceases, the supply of dye is interrupted, and the apparatus may then be put away in any position, without any dye flowing out.

To prevent an escape of liquid to the distributing finger 13 at an unintentional pressure on the bladder 8, it will be .found vsuitableflto, provide a .izalve-inrthenchanne1r12,

said valve normally keeping the channel 12 closed, while permitting of being actuated through a pressure by the hand holding the apparatussimultaneously with The :actu- .ationiofthe bladder 8 by thei-fingersaof-the;same;hand.

-.:-ln. the exampleof embodimentlillustrated in thezdrawing,

a tube 32 of elastic material, such as rubber or. plastic, is inserted with a tight fit into a bore 31;:thechannel of saidtube -forming a continuation of the. channel. 12.

Laterally of the tube 32 there isiarranged a transversely extending rod 33 having a button 34 secured thereon, by

-means ofwhich the rod may -.be displaced against the actionof a spring 35. Normally, the-spring keepsthe .lowerbentportion 36 of the rod'33 pressed against the elastic tube 32, so that the latteris compressed so asto -prevent=liquid from flowing through the channel 12 to the distributing finger 13. When the button 34'is depressed, the passage through the tube 32 is. opened. As

is clear from Fig. 4, the valve control button 34 and bladder 8 lie on opposite sides-of a horizontal longitudinal plane through the axis of the cylindrical casing ber '21 is tapering and almost pointed at the outer portion thereof while becoming more and more rounded further backward on the finger.

The use of the finger is illustrated in Figs. 6 and 7.

In Fig. 6, the hair 25 has been partedby the finger 13,

such parting 'beingefiected with the rear of the finger, so that the dye-distributing member 21 is .turned outwardly from the scalp. in Fig. '7, the dyeing is effected with the distributing member 21 turned toward the hair. During this part of the work dye is being pressed to the distributing member, which, on the other hand, is not the case in the position according to Fig. 6. a

Fig. 8 shows an example of a spool 27, onto which the hair is wound when subjected to permanent cold-waving. The spool is provided with a longitudinal bore 26 terminating at a distance from one end of the spool. Extending crosswise through the spool is a slot 28, through which liquid supplied to the bore 26 may be brought to the hair wound onto the spool. Fig. 9 shows a distributing finger 29, which may be secured on the casing 1 of Fig. l in the same manner as finger 13. The distributing finger 29 is of a conical configuration and has the passage 18 extending therethrough. Finger 29 is provided at its inner end with a plug-like extension 14' adapted to enter the body of easing 1 and a groove 16 adapted to receive the radial cam 17 on cover 3 as the latter is rotated. At its outer endthe finger has a slit the finger 29 is introduced into the bore 26 in the spool 27. By a pressure exerted on the rubber bladder 8,

.the liquid will be pressed out to the finger 29 and into the spool and through the slit 28 out into the hair wound .ontothe spool. lrAfterthat thewfinger 29 is pulled out,

and a distributing member 30 of liquid-absorbing material is thrust onto the outer end thereof. After that, fresh permanent wave liquid is pressed out of the container so that the member 30 becomes moistened. The outside of the hair woundonto the spool 27 is then rubbed with the distributing member.

After that, the liquid in thereservoir 2 is replaced by a neutralizing liquid for the permanent wave liquid, and the cycle of operations. abovedescribed is repeated with the new liquid, which stabilizes the undulations of the hair created by the waving liquid.

'What I claim is:

1. Apparatus for treating hair with liquids comprising an elongated casing of rigid material, said casing enclosing a cylindrical space extending longitudinally of the casing adapted to serve both as a reservoir for the liquid and a pump cylinder, a-piston ,slidable in said cylinder, an inlet for air to" one end portion of said cylinder at one side of said piston, an outlet for liquid from the opposite end portion of said cylinder at the other side of said piston, an elongated'bladder extending along the side of saidcasingconstituting an air pump and adapted to be actuated by the fingers of the hand in which the apparatus is held, an air channel between the compressed'airoutlet of said bladder and the air inlet to said cylinder, a liquid distributing finger extending from one end of said casing, said'finger being provided with a channel for distributing the liquid, a liquid channel ex tending between the liquid outlet from said pump cylinder and said channel in said finger, valve means in said liquid channel between said liquid outlet from said pump cylinder and said channel in said finger, and means adapted to be actuated bythe thumb of the hand in which the apparatus is held for controlling operation of said valve means, said thumb actuated valve controlling means andsaid bladder being disposed'on opposite sides respectively of a longitudinal plane through the axis of I said pump cylinder.

2. Apparatus for treating hair'with liquid as defined in claim 1 wherein said liquid distributing 'finger which extends from one end of said casing is arranged parallel with the longitudinal axis of said pump cylinder but ofiset laterally from such axis, said distributing finger being of elongated configuration in cross section having a liquid outlet atone of the narrow sides thereof, said outlet comprising a narrow groove extending longitudinally of said finger and communicating with said channel in said finger and a liquid applicator member of absorbentmaterial retainedlin said groove.

' References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

US2774095A 1952-03-28 1953-03-23 Apparatus for treating hair with liquids Expired - Lifetime US2774095A (en)

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SE314156X 1952-03-28

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DE (1) DE943904C (en)
FR (1) FR1073167A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2948284A (en) * 1959-04-16 1960-08-09 Zakarin David Home permanent hair waving devices
US3304573A (en) * 1963-11-26 1967-02-21 Stephen F Stefely Liquid coating equipment
US5060679A (en) * 1990-03-16 1991-10-29 Armand Christopher Hair fluid applicator and method
US20080308117A1 (en) * 2007-05-14 2008-12-18 Clifford Wright Fluid delivery device
US20090101159A1 (en) * 2006-05-16 2009-04-23 Nicolas Bonnafous Applicator device for a hair strand dyeing or lightening product, or for any other hair treatment
US20120006350A1 (en) * 2009-07-07 2012-01-12 Geka Gmbh Applicator for hair dyes

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1218126B (en) * 1962-02-05 1966-06-02 Flora Mcdougall Kaley Apparatus for treating the scalp hair in the area of ​​the hair roots
DE3325408A1 (en) * 1983-07-14 1985-01-24 Wella Ag Applicator apply for targeted or spraying liquid cosmetic preparations
DE3640352C2 (en) * 1986-11-26 1990-03-01 Leo 4402 Greven De Bussmeier

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US798407A (en) * 1903-07-29 1905-08-29 Peter L Frost Fountain-comb.
US1857857A (en) * 1930-09-22 1932-05-10 Harlan E Medley Fountain lather brush
US1868416A (en) * 1929-04-16 1932-07-19 Benjimen L Hill Striping pencil
US2299296A (en) * 1941-10-21 1942-10-20 Joseph J Battle Hair operator's instrument
US2299295A (en) * 1941-06-06 1942-10-20 Joseph J Battle Hair operator's instrument
US2329917A (en) * 1941-09-08 1943-09-21 Iodent Chemical Company Dispensing device
US2594721A (en) * 1949-04-09 1952-04-29 Fredrick E Beebe Applicator for dye and the like
US2596296A (en) * 1948-12-16 1952-05-13 Lavelle W Shields Comb
US2603223A (en) * 1951-01-16 1952-07-15 Jefferson Emmett Fountain hairdressing comb
US2652949A (en) * 1949-10-27 1953-09-22 Fred W Foster Dispenser with spring pressed follower

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE517594C (en) * 1928-08-21 1931-02-05 Ernest Rychner Geraet for rubbing of liquid on the scalp
DE844808C (en) * 1948-08-04 1952-07-24 Gertrude S Tenderich Applicator for applying liquids
DE822718C (en) * 1949-06-16 1951-11-26 Gerhard Seeger Device for dyeing the hair with a surge bin
DE800988C (en) * 1949-09-04 1950-12-18 Helmut Dr Med Weidenmann Apparatus for applying a liquid o. The like. On the hairy skin

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US798407A (en) * 1903-07-29 1905-08-29 Peter L Frost Fountain-comb.
US1868416A (en) * 1929-04-16 1932-07-19 Benjimen L Hill Striping pencil
US1857857A (en) * 1930-09-22 1932-05-10 Harlan E Medley Fountain lather brush
US2299295A (en) * 1941-06-06 1942-10-20 Joseph J Battle Hair operator's instrument
US2329917A (en) * 1941-09-08 1943-09-21 Iodent Chemical Company Dispensing device
US2299296A (en) * 1941-10-21 1942-10-20 Joseph J Battle Hair operator's instrument
US2596296A (en) * 1948-12-16 1952-05-13 Lavelle W Shields Comb
US2594721A (en) * 1949-04-09 1952-04-29 Fredrick E Beebe Applicator for dye and the like
US2652949A (en) * 1949-10-27 1953-09-22 Fred W Foster Dispenser with spring pressed follower
US2603223A (en) * 1951-01-16 1952-07-15 Jefferson Emmett Fountain hairdressing comb

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2948284A (en) * 1959-04-16 1960-08-09 Zakarin David Home permanent hair waving devices
US3304573A (en) * 1963-11-26 1967-02-21 Stephen F Stefely Liquid coating equipment
US5060679A (en) * 1990-03-16 1991-10-29 Armand Christopher Hair fluid applicator and method
US20090101159A1 (en) * 2006-05-16 2009-04-23 Nicolas Bonnafous Applicator device for a hair strand dyeing or lightening product, or for any other hair treatment
US20080308117A1 (en) * 2007-05-14 2008-12-18 Clifford Wright Fluid delivery device
US8146604B2 (en) 2007-05-14 2012-04-03 Angles Beauty Fluid delivery device
US20120006350A1 (en) * 2009-07-07 2012-01-12 Geka Gmbh Applicator for hair dyes

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE943904C (en) 1956-06-01 grant
FR1073167A (en) 1954-09-20 grant

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