US2752916A - Accordion-folded face mask - Google Patents

Accordion-folded face mask Download PDF

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Publication number
US2752916A
US2752916A US388818A US38881853A US2752916A US 2752916 A US2752916 A US 2752916A US 388818 A US388818 A US 388818A US 38881853 A US38881853 A US 38881853A US 2752916 A US2752916 A US 2752916A
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mask
folded
accordion
blank
folds
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US388818A
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Haliczer Marcus
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Haliczer Marcus
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D13/00Professional, industrial or sporting protective garments, e.g. surgeons' gowns or garments protecting against blows or punches
    • A41D13/05Professional, industrial or sporting protective garments, e.g. surgeons' gowns or garments protecting against blows or punches protecting only a particular body part
    • A41D13/11Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres
    • A41D13/1107Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres characterised by their shape
    • A41D13/1115Protective face masks, e.g. for surgical use, or for use in foul atmospheres characterised by their shape with a horizontal pleated pocket

Description

W19 I l x 1 n a M- HALICZER ACCORDION-FOLDED FACE MASK I h July 3,1956 2,15%16 Filed Oct. 28, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Z Z F157 5.

INVENTOR.

MARcus HALICZER y 1956 M. HALICZER 2,752,916

ACCORDION-FOLDED FACE MASK Filed Oct. 28, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. MARCUS HALICZER ArrmA zv United States Patent ACCORDION-FOLDED FACE MASK Marcus Haliczer, New York, N. Application October 28, 1953, Serial N 0. 388,818

4 Claims. (Cl. 128-139) This invention relates to protective face masks of the type used for preventing the spread of respiratory infections. More particularly, the invention has reference to a mask of this type characterized by its ready disposability, low cost, and adaptability for being folded into an article of small size.

Most usually, a protective mask of the type referred to above is formed in a manner that increases the cost thereof to an undesirable extent. In many instances, a flat piece of woven fabric or the like is used, hemmed at its ends to receive ear loops or the ends of a headencircling band. Further, it has been observed that in general, the construction of face masks as conventionally designed is such as to make it somewhat difficult to reduce the mask to a minimum size when packaging the same for shipment or sale, the mask often being left unfolded or being folded somewhat haphazardly. a It will be readily appreciated, in this regard, that such construction adds measurably to the manufacturing cost of the mask, and this is an important consideration in the manufacture of an article of this type, since the article must sell at a low price if it is to be at all commercially feasible.

Apart from the above, masks as now made must all,

be fully opened when in use, since the above discussed construction thereof results in the provision of an approximately cup-shaped or concavecl body intended to fit over the nose, mouth, and chin of the user. The masks in present day use are thus appropriately to be considered as being of a standard size, resulting in discomfort when, as is often the case, the wearers facial size or features are small.

The main object of the present invention, accordingly, is to provide a face mask of generally improved design having none of the disadvantages of conventional masks noted above.

A more specific object is to design a face mask that will be characterized by formation of the body thereof in a pleated or accordion-folded condition, thus to permit the mask to be folded completely fiat, when being readied for shipment or sale, and thereby reduce the overall thickness thereof to one no greater than the combined thicknesses of its flat, superposed, registered accordion folds.

Another object is to so design the folds of the mask as to permit only selected folds to be opened when the mask is to be worn, thus to accommodate the mask to the facial size of the wearer.

A further object of importance is to so dimension the outermost laminations of the folded mask as to define thereon a pair of lips extending longitudinally of the same, with said lips being particularly adapted to facilitate opening of the mask for use.

Yet another object of the invention is to reduce measurably the cost of the mask by construction thereof from inexpensive fibrous stock such as thin tissue of a disposable nature, thereby allowing a single use to be made of the mask, to further promote sanitation and prevent the spread of infection.

Other objects of importance are to design a mask that can be adapted for sale of a substantial quantity of individually packaged masks in a small package; that will be adapted for dispenser packaging; that will be capable of manufacture by automatic equipment; will adjust itself closely but comfortably to the wearers facial contours; will not require tying when being put on; and will oflfer complete coverage of the wearers nose, mouth and chin.

For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth. In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure: i

Fig. 1 is a view of the mask as it appears when worn.

Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the mask folded.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged transverse sectional view on line 3-3 of Fig. 2. i

Fig. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary sectional view on line 44 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a plan view of the blank used in forming the mask.

Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing a plurality of the masks packaged individually for shipment or sale, one of the individual packages being extended partially from the container and being partially broken away.

Fig. 7 is a side elevational View, portions being broken away, showing a modified mask.

.Fig. 8 is a fragmentary perspective view of a second modification.

The mask constituting the invention has been generally designated at It and includes a flexible body fashioned from a blank shaped as shown in Fig. 5. The body of the mask can be formed from any suitable material, and preferably, a very inexpensive, disposable material such as long grain vegetable fiber paper is utilized.

As shown in Fig. 5, the blank has scalloped side edges in the illustrated embodiment of the invention, but it will be understood that alternatively, straight side edges can be provided thereof, depending on the desired end formation on the mask. Scalloped edges are adapted to impart a transversely curved configuration to the ends of the mask when the same is folded, to increase the attractiveness thereof, but if it is desired that straight end edges be formed on the folds of the mask, the blank shown in Fig. 5 would be left wholly rectangular.

In any event, the blank is folded to form a plurality of superposed, contacting, accordion folds of elongated, substantially rectangular configuration, the folds defining outer panels or laminations 12, 14 and inner panels 16.

As will be noted from Fig. 5, the fold lines of the blank are uniformly spaced apart from one another, but the distance between the outermost fold lines and the outer longitudinal edges of panels 12, 14 is slightly greater than the distance between any pair of adjacent fold lines. As a result, the outer panels are slightly greater in width than the panels 16. Therefore, when the mask is folded, exposed longitudinal lips 20, 22 are defined at opposite sides of the mask on the panels 12, 14', respectively, the lip 20 extending in one direction from the folded body, that is upwardly in the several figures of the drawings, and the lip 22 extending downwardly, in an opposite direction. This facilitates grasping of the outer panels by the wearer when the mask is to be unfolded, and it is merely necessary that one grasp the respective lips with both hands, and pull outwardly thereon in opposite directions from the body. The accordion folds are thus pulled apart, and can be opened to a selected extent to accommodate the mask to the facial size and contours of the particular wearer.

When the'mas'k has been folded in the manner shown, a head band 24, which can be a thin elasticized strip of fabric or the like, is arranged longitudinally and centrally of the folded body, overlying one of the outer panels,.in the .illustrated example the ,panel 14. Conventional staples .26 of the type used for stapling paper can then 'be applied, as shown in Fig. 4, to attach the .ends of 'the headuband to the body while at the same time closing, the ends of the accordion folds.

The device -is now ready for use and when opened, will effectively cover the nose, mouth, and chin .of the wearer, theopened mask tapering toward its opposite ends from the middle portion thereof, as shown in Fig. 1.

In Fig. 6, the adaptability of the mask for packaging has been illustrated, this being an important characteris'tic of the illustrated mask formation. Each folded mask is readily 'insertable in a flat, narrow envelope of paper or the like, and thereafter sealed in the envelope to keep the mask sterile until the envelope is opened. The several envelopes are then housed compactly .in a cardboardor metalliccontainer 30 for shipment and sale.

Referring now to Fig. 7, a modified form of the mask is here shown, wherein the folded body is identical to that of the first form. The same is true of the head band, the difference in construction residing in the use of transverse rows of stitching 32 for connecting the band to the body instead of staples.

InFig. 8, the folded body remains unchanged, but in this instance an elasticized strip 34 is folded on itself at its midlength point, and is stapled at its .ends to the body. 'Strips .34 would be provided at the opposite ends of the. mask to formear loops should the user notdesire a head-encircling band.

In all forms of the invention, there is a common characteristic wherein the mask body is composed of a .plurality of flat accordion folds permanently closed at their ends to reduce the size of the mask to a minimum when being shipped or sold. The construction has the further advantage of permitting the mask to be opened only to '4 a selected extent, and still further, the constructionallows the overall cost to be reduced to a minimum to promote disposability.

While I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the precise constructions herein disclosed and the right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Having rthus described my invention, what Lclaim as new, and desire to secure by United StatesLetters Patent is:

1. A face mask comprising a body formed-of .a .single blank, said blank having scalloped side edges to impart a transversely curved configuration to the ends of the mask, said blank being folded along fold lines across the width of said blank forming accordion pleats, the fold lines being uniformly spaced, with the end folds of greater width than the others to extend beyond the edges of :the pleats,.and means secured to said body for attaching the-mask to the head of a wearer.

2. The combination of claim 1, wherein said last-named means comprises an elastic fabric band, and means fastening the ends of said band to said'body.

3. The combination of claim .2, wherein said fastener means extend through the folded pleats of the body at the ends thereof to hold the device in folded position.

4; The combination of claim 1, wherein .said means secured to said body comprises folded over elasticstrips, and staples securingsaid strips to the blank.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,526,322 "Dehne Feb. 17, 1925 2,172,455 Samuel Sept. '12, 1939 2,507,447 La Joie'etal May'9, 1950 2;634,724 Burns Apr. 14, '1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 860,976 France Oct. 15, 1940

US388818A 1953-10-28 1953-10-28 Accordion-folded face mask Expired - Lifetime US2752916A (en)

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3220409A (en) * 1961-03-28 1965-11-30 Johnson & Johnson Face mask
DE1255858B (en) * 1962-12-18 1967-12-07 Schickedanz Ver Papierwerk Hygienic face mask
USD249072S (en) * 1976-11-22 1978-08-22 American Optical Corporation Disposable respiratory mask
US4688566A (en) * 1986-04-25 1987-08-25 Professional Tape Converters, Inc. Filter mask
US5072460A (en) * 1989-02-24 1991-12-17 Highland Supply Corporation Mask adapted to be placed over at least a portion of an individual's face
WO1995005096A1 (en) * 1993-08-18 1995-02-23 Tbc California Inc. A disposable garment for use in emergency situations
US5717991A (en) * 1995-11-30 1998-02-17 Ni-Charm Corporation Disposable sanitary mask
US5937445A (en) * 1996-11-13 1999-08-17 Ravo; Biagio One-piece surgical mask and cap
USD424688S (en) * 1996-09-06 2000-05-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Respiratory protection mask
USD431647S (en) * 1996-09-06 2000-10-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Personal respiratory protection device having an exhalation valve
US6474336B1 (en) * 2000-03-20 2002-11-05 Michael Wolfe Mini pleated face mask
US20050076419A1 (en) * 2003-10-14 2005-04-14 Skillman Heidi A. Warming scarf
US20050133034A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2005-06-23 Jensen John W. Filter mask
US20080011303A1 (en) * 2006-07-17 2008-01-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Flat-fold respirator with monocomponent filtration/stiffening monolayer
US20080271740A1 (en) * 2007-05-03 2008-11-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Maintenance-free flat-fold respirator that includes a graspable tab
US20090315224A1 (en) * 2006-07-31 2009-12-24 Angadjivand Seyed A Method for making shaped filtration articles
US20120097167A1 (en) * 2009-06-12 2012-04-26 Kenichi Ono Mask with nosal cushion
WO2014115179A1 (en) * 2013-01-28 2014-07-31 AMOS, Eugenio Improved mask
USD752208S1 (en) * 2013-09-16 2016-03-22 Marco Fant Face mask
USD759718S1 (en) * 2013-09-27 2016-06-21 Medline Industries, Inc. Display screen with icon or packaging with surface ornamentation
CN107635422A (en) * 2015-05-12 2018-01-26 3M创新有限公司 Respirator tab
WO2018157125A1 (en) * 2017-02-27 2018-08-30 Air 99 Llc Respirators and related methods
RU198762U1 (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-07-28 Алексей Алексеевич Сибилев Reusable mask for individual purpose for face protection
RU2733254C1 (en) * 2020-05-12 2020-09-30 Эмилия Эмильевна Адигамова Radial protective respiratory mask

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1526322A (en) * 1923-08-02 1925-02-17 Elma N Dehne Hat protector
US2172455A (en) * 1936-06-20 1939-09-12 Samuel Max Bandage package
FR860976A (en) * 1939-07-17 1941-01-29 S E D I P Soc D Exportation Et Cap
US2507447A (en) * 1946-11-27 1950-05-09 Joie Lorraine H La Disposable dressing mask
US2634724A (en) * 1949-10-22 1953-04-14 Henry L Burns Disposable breathing mask

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1526322A (en) * 1923-08-02 1925-02-17 Elma N Dehne Hat protector
US2172455A (en) * 1936-06-20 1939-09-12 Samuel Max Bandage package
FR860976A (en) * 1939-07-17 1941-01-29 S E D I P Soc D Exportation Et Cap
US2507447A (en) * 1946-11-27 1950-05-09 Joie Lorraine H La Disposable dressing mask
US2634724A (en) * 1949-10-22 1953-04-14 Henry L Burns Disposable breathing mask

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3220409A (en) * 1961-03-28 1965-11-30 Johnson & Johnson Face mask
DE1255858B (en) * 1962-12-18 1967-12-07 Schickedanz Ver Papierwerk Hygienic face mask
USD249072S (en) * 1976-11-22 1978-08-22 American Optical Corporation Disposable respiratory mask
US4688566A (en) * 1986-04-25 1987-08-25 Professional Tape Converters, Inc. Filter mask
US5072460A (en) * 1989-02-24 1991-12-17 Highland Supply Corporation Mask adapted to be placed over at least a portion of an individual's face
US5414867A (en) * 1993-08-18 1995-05-16 Tcb California Inc. Disposable garment for use in emergency situations
WO1995005096A1 (en) * 1993-08-18 1995-02-23 Tbc California Inc. A disposable garment for use in emergency situations
US5717991A (en) * 1995-11-30 1998-02-17 Ni-Charm Corporation Disposable sanitary mask
USD424688S (en) * 1996-09-06 2000-05-09 3M Innovative Properties Company Respiratory protection mask
USD431647S (en) * 1996-09-06 2000-10-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Personal respiratory protection device having an exhalation valve
US5937445A (en) * 1996-11-13 1999-08-17 Ravo; Biagio One-piece surgical mask and cap
US6474336B1 (en) * 2000-03-20 2002-11-05 Michael Wolfe Mini pleated face mask
US20050076419A1 (en) * 2003-10-14 2005-04-14 Skillman Heidi A. Warming scarf
US7275269B2 (en) * 2003-10-14 2007-10-02 Skillman Heidi A Warming scarf
US20050133034A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2005-06-23 Jensen John W. Filter mask
US7036507B2 (en) 2003-12-18 2006-05-02 Alpha Pro Tech Inc. Filter mask
US20080011303A1 (en) * 2006-07-17 2008-01-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Flat-fold respirator with monocomponent filtration/stiffening monolayer
US10575571B2 (en) 2006-07-17 2020-03-03 3M Innovative Properties Company Flat-fold respirator with monocomponent filtration/stiffening monolayer
US9770058B2 (en) 2006-07-17 2017-09-26 3M Innovative Properties Company Flat-fold respirator with monocomponent filtration/stiffening monolayer
US8029723B2 (en) 2006-07-31 2011-10-04 3M Innovative Properties Company Method for making shaped filtration articles
US20090315224A1 (en) * 2006-07-31 2009-12-24 Angadjivand Seyed A Method for making shaped filtration articles
EP3391943A1 (en) * 2007-05-03 2018-10-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Maintenance-free flat-fold respirator that includes a graspable tab
WO2008137272A1 (en) * 2007-05-03 2008-11-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Maintenance-free flat-fold respirator that includes a graspable tab
CN101668564B (en) * 2007-05-03 2012-09-05 3M创新有限公司 Maintenance-free flat-fold respirator that includes a graspable tab
JP2014000457A (en) * 2007-05-03 2014-01-09 3M Innovative Properties Co Maintenance-free flat foldable respirator with graspable tab
JP2010525878A (en) * 2007-05-03 2010-07-29 スリーエム イノベイティブ プロパティズ カンパニー Maintenance-free flat fold respirator with grippable tabs
US20080271740A1 (en) * 2007-05-03 2008-11-06 3M Innovative Properties Company Maintenance-free flat-fold respirator that includes a graspable tab
US20120097167A1 (en) * 2009-06-12 2012-04-26 Kenichi Ono Mask with nosal cushion
WO2014115179A1 (en) * 2013-01-28 2014-07-31 AMOS, Eugenio Improved mask
USD752208S1 (en) * 2013-09-16 2016-03-22 Marco Fant Face mask
USD759718S1 (en) * 2013-09-27 2016-06-21 Medline Industries, Inc. Display screen with icon or packaging with surface ornamentation
CN107635422A (en) * 2015-05-12 2018-01-26 3M创新有限公司 Respirator tab
US20180243592A1 (en) * 2017-02-27 2018-08-30 Air 99 Llc Respirators and related methods
CN110602958A (en) * 2017-02-27 2019-12-20 99航空公司 Respirators and related methods
WO2018157125A1 (en) * 2017-02-27 2018-08-30 Air 99 Llc Respirators and related methods
US10799728B2 (en) 2017-02-27 2020-10-13 Air99 Llc Respirators and related methods
RU198762U1 (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-07-28 Алексей Алексеевич Сибилев Reusable mask for individual purpose for face protection
RU2733254C1 (en) * 2020-05-12 2020-09-30 Эмилия Эмильевна Адигамова Radial protective respiratory mask

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