US2741347A - Metallic window buck - Google Patents

Metallic window buck Download PDF

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Publication number
US2741347A
US2741347A US354055A US35405553A US2741347A US 2741347 A US2741347 A US 2741347A US 354055 A US354055 A US 354055A US 35405553 A US35405553 A US 35405553A US 2741347 A US2741347 A US 2741347A
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members
window
flange
jamb
buck
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US354055A
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James A Angelotte
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James A Angelotte
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B7/00Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows
    • E06B7/02Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows for providing ventilation, e.g. through double windows; Arrangement of ventilation roses
    • E06B7/08Louvre doors, windows or grilles
    • E06B7/082Louvre doors, windows or grilles with rigid or slidable lamellae

Description

April 10, 1956 J ANGELO-[TE 2,741,347
METALLIC WINDOW BUCK Filed May 11, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet l -63 64 T4 .21 W74 i 67 NVENTOR 5 /0- ,]d 0 172 BY z i ATTORNEYS A ril 10, 1956 J, A. ANGELOTTE 2,741,347
METALLIC WINDOW BUCK Filed May 11, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 T 11:- El
INVENTOR ATTORNEY-E p/V/// I J. A. ANGELOTTE Uited rates This invention relates to building construction and more particularly to a metallic window buck for mounting louvered windows or casement windows in masonry buildings of brick, concrete block or cinder block con- .struction.
Heretofore wood window bucks have been utilized but ese have been found to be impractical due to deterioration as a result of exposure to the weather and also as a result of insect infestation such as termites. These Wood window bucks have also been objectionable due to swelling of the same, in locations having normally high humidity, which has resulted in fitting difficulties when installing the window.
In an attempt to overcome the disadvantages of wooden window bucks precast concrete frames have been utilized but these are relatively costly and heavy and in some instances, require a crane in order to properly install the same. There has also been considerable difiiculty in making a weathertight joint between the concrete frame and masonry wall and also where stucco has been applied over concrete blocks, severe cracking and loosening of the stucco has occurred due to the diiference in density between the concrete frame and the soft, highly porous concrete blocks and stucco facing. These faults have been found to occur in a large percentage of houses incorporating precast concrete window frames.
It has been found that wood window bucks normally last for about one-third to one-half the life of the building and consequently the metallic window buck of this invention has been designed to provide a greatly improved substitute for the bucks heretofore utilized It is accordingly an object of the invention to provid a metallic window buck which may be of sheet metal, extruded or cast construction and which may be made of relatively light material such as aluminum, in order to provide a buck which will last the life .of the building in which the same is installed, V i
A further object of'the invention is the provision of a metallic window buck of relatively economical and light construction which may be conveniently and permanently installed in a masonry wall during the laying thereof and which may be conveniently sealed to provide a weathertight structure.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of a metallic window buck which may be conveniently and economically fabricated in standard window frame sizes and which likewise may be economically fabricated to accommodate non-standard'or custom built window same material as the window frame to be installed therein,
thereby preventing deterioration due to electrolytic action;
- place within the window opening.
2,741,347 Patented Apr. 10, 1956 ice - Further objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing wherein:
Fig. 1 is an-exploded perspective view showing the parts comprising the metallic window buck of this invention in the relationship required for receiving and supporting a conventional louvered type window which is also shown in order to facilitate the description of the invention;
Fig. 2 a fragmentary top plan view with parts broken away forgreater clarity and showing one side of the window buck together with a masonry tie member in position.
Fig. 3 a sectional view on the line 33 of Fig. 2 and showing the relationship of the masonry tie member to the window buck.
Fig. 4 a top plan view of the masonry tie member;
Fig. 5 a fragmentary side elevational view showing a portion of the window buck and a head piece which may be installed to fill the space between the upper edge of the window frame and the beam extending across the window opening;
Fig. 6 a fragmentary perspective view of a modified form of metallic window buck;
Fig. 7 a top plan view of the window buck shown in Fig. 6; and
Fig. 8 an end elevational view of a modified'form of head piece.
With continued reference to the drawing there is shown in Fig. 1 a louvered window 10 of conventional construction which may conveniently comprise upright side frame members 11 and 12, a head member 13 and a sill member 14. The side, head and sill members may be fabricated from either sheet or extruded metal and are provided on their outer edges with outwardly extending flanges 15 in order to present a pleasing appearance and to facilitate sealing against the entrance of moisture'when installing the window. A series of relatively narrow, elongated panes of glass or other suitable material '16 are received in end frames 17 which are pivotally mounted between the side frame members 11 and 12. These panes 16 provide louvers and they may be simultaneously pivotally moved by mechanism not shown, in order to open or close the same. It is to be understood that the above briefly described window is shown for illustrative purposes only and other types, such as casement windows, maybe utilized with the window buck of this invention.
The window buck may well comprise upright, wall jambanchor members 18 and 19 of suitable cross section and which may be formed from sheet metal or may be extruded or cast as desired. The members 18 and 19 are identical in construction and obviously may be fabricated as a continuous piece and cut to any desired length. The side members 18 and 19 are generallychannelshape :in cross section with the outer flange 20 somewhat shorter than the" inner flange 21. The webs 22 of the members 18 and 19 are provided with a plurality of elongated slots 23, the purpose of which will be presently described. Also the flange 21 may be provided with a plurality of parallel sawcuts 24 and the material between these cuts may be bent outwardly to form a plurality of tabs 25. These tabs 25 serve to abut and retain the rock lath in The window buck of this invention also includes sash attaching members 26 and 27 which like the jamb members 18 and 19 are generally channel shape in cross sec- .tion are provided with a relatively short rear flange 28 and a longer front flange 29. The flange 29 may be provided with a longitudinally extending groove 30 for :receiving calking or sealing compound to prevent entry jgf moisture or air between the sash attaching members 126 and 27 and the side frame members 11 and 12 of window 10.
in order to facilitate installation of the window buck of this invention in a masonry building, masonry tie members 31 may be provided and as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 these tie members may comprise a generally rectangular piece of sheet metal having apertures 32 to provide a bond between the tie member 31 and the mortar between the bricks or blocks of the building wall. The tie piece 31 is also provided adjacent one end thereof with inwardly extending slots 33 of substantially the same width as the thickness of the material forming the web 22 of the jamb members 18 and 19. it is to be noted that the slots 33 as shown in Fig. 4 are slightly inclined and the purpose of this inclination will be presently described.
The jamb members 18 and 19 and the sash attaching members 26 and 27 may be secured together in nesting relationship as shown in Fig. 2 by self-tapping screws extending through aligned apertures 34 and 35 in the flanges 21 and 28 respectively of the jamb members 18 and 19 and the sash attaching members 26 and 27.
The metallic window buck of this invention may, if desired, be supplied securely to a relatively light wood frame to properly space and hold the parts thereof in proper relationship, the same being installed in a building and the wood frame removed after completion of such installation. The wood frame is not necessary but does greatly facilitate shipping and installation of the buck. When it is desired to install the buck of this invention in a building, the same is positioned at a desired location on the masonry wall which has been built up to the level of the lower part of the window opening and the brick work or blocks built up on the outside of the jamb members 18 and 19. If block construction is being used, after one block has been laid a tie member 31 is inserted in the lowermost slot 23 in the jamb members 18 and 19 and turned to a position with the edges of the slots 23 entering the slots 33 in the tie member 31. Due to the inclination of the slots 33 the tie members 31 will be frictionally held in position with the tie member positioned above the lower block after which mortar may be applied and the next course of blocks laid thus securely attaching the jamb members 18 and 19 to the wall. Tie members 31 may be placed between each course of blocks or may be utilized in every other joint depending upon the particular requirements.
When it is desired to install the window 10 it is only necessary to insert the same between the sash attaching members 26 and 27 and secure the same in place by selftapping screws extending through aligned apertures 36 and 37 in the side frame members 11 and 12 and the sash attaching members 26 and 27 respectively.
Since there will be a space between the head member 13 of the window 10 and the masonry beam extending across the window opening, this space may be filled by a suitably dimensioned head piece 38 having a web 39 secured to the head member 13 of the window 10 and with laterally extending flanges 40 and 41 engaging the lower surface of the masonry beam. The outer flange 42 which connects the lateral flange 46 with the web 39 may be provided with a groove 43 for receiving calking or sealing material to prevent entry of moisture or air between the flange 15 of the window 10 and the flange 42 of the head piece 38. It is to be noted that the tabs 25 are slightly spaced from the surface of the Wall abutting the jarnb members 18 and 19 and consequently rock lath may be installed and held in place between the surface of the Wall and the tabs 25.
A modified form of metallic window buck is shown in Figs. 6 and 7 and this may comprise a jamb member 44 of generally channel cross section with an inner flange 45 extending outwardly from the web 46 with a flange 48 extending from the flange 47 and substantially parallel to the inner flange 45. The flange 48 may be provided with a groove 49 for receiving calking or sealing material and the angular flange 47 is provided with outwardly bent tabs 59 for providing a bond between the jamb member 44 and the stucco or other material applied to the wall of the building. The web 46 may be provided with a plurality of relatively small apertures 51 for receiving temporary fastening means, such as nails or the like and the web 46 may be provided with a plurality of relatively large apertures 52 for receiving permanent fastening means such as an expansion plug and screw or a hand or power driven stud.
A sash attaching member 53 may be of right angular construction with one leg 54 thereof, provided with a plurality of apertures 55 for receiving self-tapping screws to secure a window frame to sash attaching member 53 and the other leg 56 may be provided with apertures 57 for receiving self-tapping screws 58 extending into apertures 59 in the flange 45 of jamb member 44 to secure the sash attaching member 53 to the jamb member 44 The sash attaching member 53 may also be provided with outwardly bent tabs 60 to provide supporting means for rock lath placed over the masonry at the sides of the window opening.
In installing the modified form of window buck shown in Figs. 6 and 7 it is only necessary to place the same within a window opening in the masonry or other wall and to locate and temporarily secure the same place by nails driven through the small apertures 51 in the jarnb members 44. After the jamb members 44 are properly located and aligned, permanent fastening means may be applied through the relatively large opening 52. The window frame is inserted within the jamb members 44 and the sash attaching members 53 with an outwardly extending flange of the window frame abutting the flange 48 of the jamb member 44 and being sealed against entry of moisture or air by the calking or sealing material in the grooves 49. The window frame is attached to the sash attaching members 53 by self-tapping screws or the like, extending into the apertures 55 to securely hold the window frame in position.
A modified form of head piece 61 is shown in Fig. 8 and this head piece may well be of generally channel cross section with a web 62 and an inner flange 63 extending inwardly at substantially right angles thereto. Extending forwardly and inwardly from the web 62 is an angular flange 64 terminating in an edge 65 forming a drip portion to receive and direct rain away from the window opening. From the edge 65, the angular flange 64 extends rearwardly as shown at 66 in underlying relationship to the outer portion of the angular flange 64 and from the inner edge of portion 66 there extends inwardly an outer flange 67 substantially parallel to the inner flange 63. Outer flange 67 may be provided with a groove 68 for receiving sealing or calking material 69 which serves to contact the flange 15 of the window 10 and prevent the entry of moisture or air.
A sash attaching member 70 may be provided of generally right angular cross section with one leg 71 thereof, secured to the head piece 13 of the window frame 10 by self-tapping screws 72 and the other leg 73 may be secured to the inner flange 63 of the head piece 61 by self-tapping screws or other suitable means 74.
Leg 73 of sash attaching member 70 may be provided with tabs 75 for providing a bond between the same and the plaster on adjacent walls and the angular flange 64 may be provided with tabs 76 for providing a bond between the same and stucco or other facing material applied to the outer wall surface of the building.
This modified form of head piece as above described provides a convenient means for filling the space between the head member of a window frame and the beam overlying the window opening and at the same time provides a means for directing rain away from the window opening.
It will be seen that by the above described invention, there has been provided a relatively simple and inexpensive, yet extremely convenient and eflective, metallic window buck for facilitating the installation of window frames in the wall of a building. This buck includes convenient means for at ach n th sa e ta su h all an to the window frame and also includes means for sealing against the entry of moisture or air. The buck may be made of light weight material such as aluminum and may be installed by relatively unskilled labor without the necessity of utilizing special tools or other apparatus. Even if the walls of the structure are not plumb, this buck may be effectively applied and will compensate for the irregularities.
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes may be made in the invention without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, and, therefore, the invention is not limited by that which is shown in the drawing and described in the specification, but only as indicated in the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A metallic window buck for use in masonry buildings comprising spaced upright jamb members of channel cross section, lath engaging and supporting tabs extending from one flange of said jamb members, a plurality of elongated slots in the web of each jamb member, masonry tie members comprising generally rectangular elongated flat metal pieces having apertures for receiving mortar in the joints of a masonry wall to provide a bond therebetween, inclined opposed slots in said tie members for frictionaly engaging the edges of the slots in said jamb members'to hold said tie members in position and secure said buck to a masonry wall, spaced sash attaching members of channel cross section removably secured to said jamb members, grooves in said sash attaching members for receiving calking material, means for securing a win dow frame to said sash attaching members and a head piece for filling the space between the top of a window and the beam extending across the window opening.
2. A metallic window buck for use in masonry buildings comprising spaced upright jamb members of channel cross section, lath engaging and supporting tabs extending from one flange of said jamb members, a plurality of elongated slots in the web of each jamb member, masonry tie members comprising generally rectangular elongated flat metal pieces having apertures for receiving mortar in the joints of a masonry wall to provide a bond therebetween, inclined opposed slots in said tie members for frictionally engaging the edges of the slots in said jamb members to hold said tie members in position and secure said buck to a masonry wall, spaced sash attaching members of channel cross section removably secured to said jamb members, grooves in said sash attaching members for receiving calking material and means for securing a window frame to said sash attaching members.
3. A metallic window buck for use in masonry buildings comprising spaced upright jamb members of channel cross section, a plurality of elongated slots in the Web of each jamb member, masonry tie members comprising generally rectangular elongated fiat metal pieces having apertures for receiving mortar in the joints of a masonry wall to provide a bond therebetween, inclined opposed slots in said tie members for frictionally engaging the edges of the slots in said jamb members to hold said tie members in position and secure said buck to a masonry wall, spaced sash attaching members of channel cross section removably secured to said jamb members, grooves in said sash attaching members for receiving calking material and means for securing a Window frame to said sash attaching members.
4. A metallic window buck for use in masonry buildings comprising spaced upright jamb members of channel cross section, a plurality of elongated slots in the web of each jamb member, masonry tie members comprising generally rectangular elongated fiat metal pieces having apertures for receiving mortar in the joints of a masonry wall to provide a bond therebetween, inclined opposed slots in said tie members for frictionally engaging the edges of the slots in said jamb members to hold said tie 6 members positin and s r a d b t a m sonry teased sa h attaching membe s of channe eross tion removably secured to saz' d jamb members, and means iotseeu a a ndow fra e to said sash attac ng m mbers- A .mct l c w ndo b k o use n m s nry uil in s ompr s ng spaced up i ht jam m bers .of channel cross section, a plurality of elongated slots the web of each jamb member, masonry .tie members .comprising generally rectangular elongated, flat metal pieces, inciined opposed slots in said tie members for frictionally engaging the edges of the slots in said jamb members to hold said tie members in position and secure said buck to a masonry wall, spaced sash attaching members of channel cross section removably secured to said jamb members, and means for securing a window frame to said sash attaching members.
6. A metallic window buck comprising spaced upright jamb members of channel cross section, an angular flange extending forwardly from the web of said jamb to provide a space for receiving facing material, tabs extending from said angular flange to provide a bond with said facing material, means in said jamb members for receiving temporary means for securing the same to the wall of a build ing and means for receiving permanent fastening means, spaced sash attaching members of right angular cross section, lath engaging tabs extending from one leg of said sash attaching members, means for securing said leg to said jamb member and means for securing a window frame to the other leg of said sash attaching member.
7. A metallic window buck comprising spaced upright jamb members of channel cross section, an angular flange extending forwardly from the web of said jamb member to provide a space for receiving facing material, means in said jamb members for receiving temporary means for securing the same to the wall of a building and means for receiving permanent fastening means, spaced sash attaching members of right angular cross section, lath engaging tabs extending from one leg of said sash attaching members means for securing said leg to said jamb member and means for securing a window frame to the other leg of said sash attaching member.
8. A metallic window buck comprising spaced upright jamb members of channel cross section, an angular flange extending forwardly from the web of said jamb member to provide a space for receiving facing material, means in said jamb members for receiving permanent fastening means, spaced sash attaching members of right angular cross section, means for securing one leg of said sash attaching member to said jamb member and means for securing a window frame to the other leg of said sash attaching member.
9. A metallic window buck comprising spaced upright jamb members of channel cross section, an angular flange extending forwardly from the web of said jamb member to provide a space for receiving facing material, means in said jamb members for securing the same to the wall of a building, spaced sash attaching members of right angular cross section, means for securing one leg of said sash attaching member to said jamb member and means for securing a window frame to the other leg of said sash attaching member.
10. For use between a window frame and a beam overlying a Window opening in a wall, a metallic head piece of generally channel cross section, an inner flange extending inwardly from the web of said head piece at substantially right angles thereto, an angular flange extending outwardly and inwardly from said web to provide a drip portion, an outer flange extending inwardly from said angular flange substantially parallel to said inner flange and spaced inwardly from the edge of said drip portion, a groove in said outer flange to receive calking material and seal against the flange of a window frame and means to secure said window frame to said inner flange.
11. For use between a window frame and a beam over- 7 Y a lying a window opening in a wall, a metallic head piece of 1 References Cited in the file of this patent generally channel cross section, an inner'flange extending j UNITED STATES PATENTS inwardly from the web of said head piece at substantially I right angles thereto, an angular flange extending ontward- 845,298 Gobell' 26, 1907 ly and inwardly from said web to provide a drip portion, 5 1,854,633 Stephens P 1932 an outer flange extending inwardly from said angular 2,043,049 fl June 19-36 flange substantially parallel to said inner flange and spaced 2541371 Hellmer et a1 13, 1951 inwardly from the edge of said drip portion, and means to secure a Window frame to said inner flange.
US354055A 1953-05-11 1953-05-11 Metallic window buck Expired - Lifetime US2741347A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3086326A (en) * 1959-11-09 1963-04-23 Rolite Mfg Inc Window frame mounting construction
US3813833A (en) * 1971-11-09 1974-06-04 Allied Prod Corp Window frame structure
US4228630A (en) * 1978-03-06 1980-10-21 Englert Metals Corp. Window frame construction

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US845298A (en) * 1905-09-29 1907-02-26 Deetz & Co Window frame and sash.
US1854633A (en) * 1931-06-30 1932-04-19 Delma E Stephens Combination window, door jamb and buck anchor
US2043049A (en) * 1935-06-19 1936-06-02 Ludden Joseph Copper pan for window and wall construction
US2541871A (en) * 1944-02-16 1951-02-13 Heijmer Gustaf Bristol Building construction

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US845298A (en) * 1905-09-29 1907-02-26 Deetz & Co Window frame and sash.
US1854633A (en) * 1931-06-30 1932-04-19 Delma E Stephens Combination window, door jamb and buck anchor
US2043049A (en) * 1935-06-19 1936-06-02 Ludden Joseph Copper pan for window and wall construction
US2541871A (en) * 1944-02-16 1951-02-13 Heijmer Gustaf Bristol Building construction

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3086326A (en) * 1959-11-09 1963-04-23 Rolite Mfg Inc Window frame mounting construction
US3813833A (en) * 1971-11-09 1974-06-04 Allied Prod Corp Window frame structure
US4228630A (en) * 1978-03-06 1980-10-21 Englert Metals Corp. Window frame construction

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