US272967A - moculloce - Google Patents

moculloce Download PDF

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US272967A
US272967A US272967DA US272967A US 272967 A US272967 A US 272967A US 272967D A US272967D A US 272967DA US 272967 A US272967 A US 272967A
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tubes
ofthe
hutch
axle
wagon
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F5/00Constructional details of bogies; Connections between bogies and vehicle underframes; Arrangements or devices for adjusting or allowing self-adjustment of wheel axles or bogies when rounding curves
    • B61F5/26Mounting or securing axle-boxes in vehicle or bogie underframes
    • B61F5/30Axle-boxes mounted for movement under spring control in vehicle or bogie underframes
    • B61F5/32Guides, e.g. plates, for axle-boxes

Definitions

  • This invention which relates to improvements in the construction of hutches or Wagons, consists in the construction of what is known as the framing7 and sometimes called the tramsf on which the body ot' the hutch or wagon rests and to which the axle-boxes are attached.
  • the improved framing or trams 2o a pair of iron or steel tubes are used.
  • the central part oi'each of the tubes is, for the sake of stiiening the tube, filled up with a piece or pieces of wood or other cheap material.
  • a at plate is inserted, bearing on the ends thereof, and forms the seats of the buffer- -i springs.
  • a similar flat plate is placed at the outer ends of the buffer-springs.
  • the buffers themselves consist each of a hard-wood core, 3o the outer' part or ends ot' which are covered with a piece of iron or steel tube, and the inner ends of the hard-wood portions bear upon or against the outer plates situated between them and the bnft'ensprin gs.
  • a slot is formed therein,
  • axle-boxes are fixed to the under sides ofthe tubes, and are by preference itted with Whitemetal bearings, which communicate with an oilreservoir formed in the central parts ofthe 4 5 tubes, and a needle'is by preference placed in the oil-holes to keep them clean.
  • Figure l of the aecoinpanying sheets of drawings represents a side elevation ot a ,hutch or wagon constructed according to our said invention.
  • Fig. 2 is an end elevation ot' the same.
  • Fig.r 3 represents in longitudinal section the construction ofthe 6o framing or trams which forms the essential feature of our said invention, and
  • Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional elevation ofthe saine, as upon the line :c fr, Fig. 3.
  • Figs. 5 and 6 are details hereinafter referred to.
  • the training or trains upon which the body of the hutch or wagon is supported and to which the axle-boxes are attached, consists ot' two iron or steel tubes, A, ruiming parallel the length of the hutch and taking the place of 7o the ordinary beams.
  • the centralormain parts ot' each ofthe tubes, Figs. 3 and 4 is fitted up with a piece or pieces Ot' Wood or othercheap material, B, which thus renders the tubes of greater strength.
  • B At either end of the central 7 5 piece of wood or other material, B,ailat circular plate, C, is inserted, bearing against the ends thereof, the said plates forming the seats ot' the buffer-springs c.
  • the bulers themselves consist each of a hard-wood core, C, the outer 8o part or ends of which are covered with a piece of iron or steel tube, c2, and the inner ends of the said portion C bear upon or against the outer circular4 plates, c3, situate between the said part C and the butter-spring c.
  • slotted holes c4 are formed through the cores C, through which bolts or pins c5, held in corresponding holes of each end ot' the tubes A, pass, the slotted or 9o elongated form of the holes permitting of the requisite motion of the buliers.
  • axle-boxes D are Iitted to the under ⁇ sides of the tubes by bolts or equivalent fastenings, d, which are passed diametrically through the tubes A and the wooden or other filling B.
  • d bolts or equivalent fastenings
  • the axle-boxes are preferably litted upon the axles aofthe wheels a2, with Whitemetal bearings d2, which communicate with oil-reservoirs b, form ed in the under part ofthe wooden or other filling B, as shown.
  • the said reservoirs ure preferably extended within the tubes A from the distance ot' one axle-box to the other, as shown in Fig.3, and a needle, d3, is by preference placed in each of the oil-holes of the axle-boxes to keep the said holes clean.
  • a feeding-aperture is providedin a central position within the tubes A, the said apertures being fitted with pins b to keep the apertures clean.
  • the tubes A are attached to the body of the hutch or wagon by hinged or bolted covering-pieces E, Fig. l, which close round and grip the tubular framing or trams.
  • the said holders E may be ot1 various forms, and that they may be attached tothehutch,alsoinVarious ways.
  • the said holders or grippers, brackets or portions E, which surround the tubes may be formed in two halves or portions, so as to enable the said paigts to be adjustably tixed to the tubes by screw-bolts.
  • Figs. 5 and 6 We have shown an arrangement for dispensing with the brackets or holders E for attaching the body of the hutch to theframing or trams. This is effected by opening out the part ofthe tubes Where the brackets E in Fig. l are located.
  • Fig. 5 is an end elevation of a portion of the hutch or wagon with the tubular trams iu section, and Fig. 6 is a side elevation ofthe same.
  • the part a of the tube A is a strip cut out from the portion ofthe tube nearest to the body of the hutch, and is preferably of a Width, as shown in Fig. 6, corresponding to the width of the brackets E, shown more particularly in Fig. l, or the tube may be opened out the greater part ofits length.
  • the part of the tube opened out may have Welded to it an extra length or portion ot' metal.
  • the tubes A carrying the body of the hutch or Wagon and provided with fillingpieces, in combination with the buffers O, supported and longitudinally movable in the ends oi' said tubes, and interposed springs c', substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

Description

2 Sheets-Sheet l.
J.v MGGULLOGH & W. 000K.
RAILWAY WAGON.
Patented Feb.`27, 1883.
(No Model.)
N. PETERS. mvmhu 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
(No Model.)
J. 4MGGULLOGH 81; W. COOK.
RAILWAY WAGON.
N0. 272,967. Patented Feb.27, 1883.
W/ rfvfss E5 UNrTe STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN MCCULLOCH AND W'ILLIAM COOK, OF GLASGOW, COUNTY OF LANARK, SCOTLAND, ASSIGNOBS TO WILLIAM COOK 8: SONS, OF SAME PLACE.
.RAI LwAY-wAGoN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 272,967, dated February 27,1883. Application filed December Q1, 18852. (No model.) Patented in England April 24, 1852, No. 1,936.
To all whom tt may concern Be it known that we, JOHN McCULLooH and VILLIAM COOK, both of Glasgow,in the county of Lanark, North Britain, have invented Improvenients in the Construction of Hutches or Wagons, for which we have received Letters Patent ofthe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, No. 1,936, dated April 24, 1882, and for which we are also about to apply to for Letters Iatent in the Republic of France, Empire of Germany, and Kingdom cfBelginin. 'The following is aspeci'cation otourinvention.
This invention, which relates to improvements in the construction of hutches or Wagons, consists in the construction of what is known as the framing7 and sometimes called the tramsf on which the body ot' the hutch or wagon rests and to which the axle-boxes are attached. In the improved framing or trams 2o a pair of iron or steel tubes are used. The central part oi'each of the tubes is, for the sake of stiiening the tube, filled up with a piece or pieces of wood or other cheap material. At either end of the central piece ot' wood or other material a at plate is inserted, bearing on the ends thereof, and forms the seats of the buffer- -i springs. A similar flat plate is placed at the outer ends of the buffer-springs. The buffers themselves consist each of a hard-wood core, 3o the outer' part or ends ot' which are covered with a piece of iron or steel tube, and the inner ends of the hard-wood portions bear upon or against the outer plates situated between them and the bnft'ensprin gs. In order to keep the said buffers in their due positions in the ends ot' the tubes, a slot is formed therein,
through which a bolt or pin, held in correspending holes of each end of the tube, passes, the slotted or elongated form of the holes per- 4o mitting of the requisite motions of the buffers. The axle-boxes are fixed to the under sides ofthe tubes, and are by preference itted with Whitemetal bearings, which communicate with an oilreservoir formed in the central parts ofthe 4 5 tubes, and a needle'is by preference placed in the oil-holes to keep them clean. These improved frames or trams are attached to the bodies ot the liutches or wagons in any convenient manner; but by preference hinged or 5o bolted covering pieces are attached ,to the bodies of the hutches or wagons, which close round and grip the tubular framing or trains, or separate bolted ianges may be dispensed with by opening out portions ofthe tube.
In the drawings, Figure l of the aecoinpanying sheets of drawings represents a side elevation ot a ,hutch or wagon constructed according to our said invention. Fig. 2 is an end elevation ot' the same. Fig.r 3 represents in longitudinal section the construction ofthe 6o framing or trams which forms the essential feature of our said invention, and Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional elevation ofthe saine, as upon the line :c fr, Fig. 3. Figs. 5 and 6 are details hereinafter referred to.
The training or trains, upon which the body of the hutch or wagon is supported and to which the axle-boxes are attached, consists ot' two iron or steel tubes, A, ruiming parallel the length of the hutch and taking the place of 7o the ordinary beams. The centralormain parts ot' each ofthe tubes, Figs. 3 and 4, is fitted up with a piece or pieces Ot' Wood or othercheap material, B, which thus renders the tubes of greater strength. At either end of the central 7 5 piece of wood or other material, B,ailat circular plate, C, is inserted, bearing against the ends thereof, the said plates forming the seats ot' the buffer-springs c. The bulers themselves consist each of a hard-wood core, C, the outer 8o part or ends of which are covered with a piece of iron or steel tube, c2, and the inner ends of the said portion C bear upon or against the outer circular4 plates, c3, situate between the said part C and the butter-spring c. In order to keep the buers in their due position with-- in the ends ofthe tubes A, slotted holes c4 are formed through the cores C, through which bolts or pins c5, held in corresponding holes of each end ot' the tubes A, pass, the slotted or 9o elongated form of the holes permitting of the requisite motion of the buliers. The axle-boxes D are Iitted to the under` sides of the tubes by bolts or equivalent fastenings, d, which are passed diametrically through the tubes A and the wooden or other filling B. We prefer to form the said axle-boxes' with a curved upper surface, as at d', Fig. 4, to correspond with the curvature ofthe tubes; but it is obvious that the method of attaching theA axle-boxes to the roo framing or trams is capable of various modifn' cations. The axle-boxes are preferably litted upon the axles aofthe wheels a2, with Whitemetal bearings d2, which communicate with oil-reservoirs b, form ed in the under part ofthe wooden or other filling B, as shown. The said reservoirs ure preferably extended within the tubes A from the distance ot' one axle-box to the other, as shown in Fig.3, and a needle, d3, is by preference placed in each of the oil-holes of the axle-boxes to keep the said holes clean. In order to charge the reservoirs with the oil, a feeding-aperture is providedin a central position within the tubes A, the said apertures being fitted with pins b to keep the apertures clean. The tubes A are attached to the body of the hutch or wagon by hinged or bolted covering-pieces E, Fig. l, which close round and grip the tubular framing or trams. It is obvious that the said holders E may be ot1 various forms, and that they may be attached tothehutch,alsoinVarious ways. Forinstance, the said holders or grippers, brackets or portions E, which surround the tubes, may be formed in two halves or portions, so as to enable the said paigts to be adjustably tixed to the tubes by screw-bolts.
In Figs. 5 and 6 We have shown an arrangement for dispensing with the brackets or holders E for attaching the body of the hutch to theframing or trams. This is effected by opening out the part ofthe tubes Where the brackets E in Fig. l are located. Fig. 5 is an end elevation of a portion of the hutch or wagon with the tubular trams iu section, and Fig. 6 is a side elevation ofthe same.
The part a of the tube A is a strip cut out from the portion ofthe tube nearest to the body of the hutch, and is preferably of a Width, as shown in Fig. 6, corresponding to the width of the brackets E, shown more particularly in Fig. l, or the tube may be opened out the greater part ofits length. In order to allow a sufficient amount ot' metal to form an attachment to the hutch, the part of the tube opened out may have Welded to it an extra length or portion ot' metal.
l. The tubes A, carrying the body of the hutch or Wagon and provided with fillingpieces, in combination with the buffers O, supported and longitudinally movable in the ends oi' said tubes, and interposed springs c', substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
2. The Wagon-body carrying-tubes A and oil-reservoirs b, contained therein, in combination with the axle-bearings communicating through said tubes with said oil-reservoirs., substantially as and for the purposes hereinbefore set forth.
3. The bnt'ters O, oil-reservoirs b, and bearings dz, in combination with the tubes A, substantially as hereinbefore described and illustrated.
In testimony whereot` we have signed our names to this specitication in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.
JOHN MCGULLOOH. lVILLIAM COOK.
Witnesses:
ROBERT ADAM GUNN, VILLIAM SMITH, Bot/L ofll St. Vincent Street, Glasgow.
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