US241104A - Gar-truck - Google Patents

Gar-truck Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US241104A
US241104A US241104DA US241104A US 241104 A US241104 A US 241104A US 241104D A US241104D A US 241104DA US 241104 A US241104 A US 241104A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
bars
frame
truck
car
frames
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US241104A publication Critical patent/US241104A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F3/00Types of bogies
    • B61F3/16Types of bogies with a separate axle for each wheel

Definitions

  • PETERS Fhofo-ljthogmphen Washington. D, C.
  • Nrreo STATE-s ATENT rtree Nrreo STATE-s ATENT rtree.
  • This invention relates to that class of car trucks in which the several wheels have independent axles and it also relates to car-trucks provided with swinging holsters for supporting the car.
  • Figure l is a top view of my improved car-truck.
  • Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal section on line 2 2, Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 3 is a transverse section on line 3 3 of Fig. l.
  • Fig. 4 is a transverse section on line 4 4 of Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the frame, which will be more clearly understood by the following description.
  • the upper portion of my im proved car-truck, which practically constitutes the top plate, is lnade of iron, and is formed as follows:
  • An outer rectangular frame, A is made in one solid piece, whereby the usual joints heretoforeineident to such frames are dispensed with, thus affording strength and cheapness of construction.
  • An inner iron frame, B castin one solid piece, is lirmly riveted at its ends to the under side of the ends of the outer frame, A.
  • the sides b of this inner frame are parallel with the sides a of the outer fra-me, A, the ends b of said inner frame being held closely against the under surfaces of the ends a' of the outer frame.
  • the bolts or rivets b2 which secure these two iron frames together, also secure the upper ends of braces d to the four corners of the inner frame, B, as will be hereinafter more specifically referred to.
  • the upper surfaces of the two frames A B are in the saine plane, to effect which it will be apparent that the ends of the frame B must be depressed adjacent to its four corners.
  • the braces which are above referred to as being secured to the inner frame, consist of the upturned inclined ends fl of the bars D D.
  • Bars E E having similar upturiied inclined ends c, are arranged outside ot' and parallel with the inner bars, D, the said ends or braces c being secured by bolts or rivets passing through the ends of bars F and through the four corners of lthe outer frame, A.
  • the bars F are secured a portion of their length to the bars E, then upturned a portion of their length to meet the outer frame, A, and then extended along the under side of said frame, whereby their ends reach the corners of frame A, where they are securedb)1 the bolts or rivets, as aforesaid.
  • Inner bars, GG are secured to the side bars of the inner frame, B. These bars G are bent in the same way as the bars F, and are arranged parallel therewith, whereby said bars G furnish the inclined braces g.
  • K K indicate two vertical iron plates, which are arranged within the iron cage or frame just described and secured by bolts L passing through flanges 7c,which are formed along the upper and lower edges of the plates. These bolts are also arranged to pass through and bind more firmly together the upper frames and the lower bars, D E F G, of the frame, an illustration of the manner in which said bolts pass through the frames and the bars being illustrated in Figs. l and 2, in the former of which figures the upper ends of the bolts and the taps thereon are shown, and in the latter two bolts are indicated as binding together two of said bars with the flanged plates K.
  • the iron plates M At the sides of the main structure or cage are the iron plates M, (see Fi0.4,) which said plates are formed with flanges and secured by bolts or rivets between the two vertical plates K K.
  • N N indicate the ear-wheels, the axles of which are journaled in the boxes O O.
  • the bearings for the axles are formed by plates at, arranged Within the boxes in conjunction with IOO the ordinary springsn. These boxes are titted between the upper frames and the lower bars of the main frame or cage, and are recessed to receive the sante. Bolts B P alongside ot' said boxes hold them rigidly in place, said bolts being passed through the upper frames and the lower bars, D, ofthe cage. Any suitable or well-known oilers for lubricating the axles of the car-wheels can be employed.
  • R indicates a strong bolster, consisting of an elliptic spring", upon which the body of the car bears.
  • This bolster is arranged transversely to the length ot' the car, and is suspended between the plates K K by means of arms r r, which are hung upon rods S, so as to admit ot' a swinging movement of' the said bolster.
  • These rods or bars S have their bearings in blocks T, which are secured to the top la n ges of the vertical plates K, said blocks being shown in the plan view, Fig. l. rI he bolster R will have any suit-able socket, r', at its top, to receive a bolt from the car-body.
  • a cartruck comprising a rectangular metal outer frame, A, made in one piece, a rectangular inner metal frame, B, madevin one piece, and bolted at its four corners to the under side ofthe end bars, a', of said outer frame, and a series of lower longitudinal bars having their ends inclined upward to form braces, which are secured to the upper rectangular frames, said parts being constructed and cornbined substantially in the manner shown and specified.
  • top ot' a car-truck,composed of the outer rectangular metal frame, A made in one piece, and theinner rectan gular metal frame, B, made in onepiece, and formed with its side bars depressed at their ends, the end bars, b', ofsaid inner frame being held along theirentire length against the under side of the end bars, a', ofthe outer frame, and the side bars, b, ofthe inner frame being in the same horizontal plane as the side bars ot' the outer frame, the whole connected and supported by rods, bolts, and braces, substantially as described.

Description

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
A. WESTLAKE.
Oar Truck.
No. 241,104. vPatented May 3, |881.
PETERS, Fhofo-ljthogmphen Washington. D, C.
2. t. e e h s ...w e e h s 2 E K l Aw Lu Tr ST H F a WC A (No Model.)
Patented May A3, 1881.
Y No. 241,104.
Nrreo STATE-s ATENT rtree.
ANDREW WESTLAKE, OF LEADVILLE, COLORADO.
CAR-TRUCK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 241,104, dated May 3, 1881.
Application filed February 5, 1881. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that l, ANDREW WEs'rLAKE, ot' Leadville. in the county of Lake and State of Colorado, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Oar-Trucks; and l do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the'invention, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specitication.
This invention relates to that class of car trucks in which the several wheels have independent axles and it also relates to car-trucks provided with swinging holsters for supporting the car.
The improvement consists in the peculiar construction of the truck-frame, and in the features of construction and combination hereinafter fully set forth, and particularly specied in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a top view of my improved car-truck. Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal section on line 2 2, Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a transverse section on line 3 3 of Fig. l. Fig. 4 is a transverse section on line 4 4 of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the frame, which will be more clearly understood by the following description.
The upper portion of my im proved car-truck, which practically constitutes the top plate, is lnade of iron, and is formed as follows: An outer rectangular frame, A, is made in one solid piece, whereby the usual joints heretoforeineident to such frames are dispensed with, thus affording strength and cheapness of construction. An inner iron frame, B, castin one solid piece, is lirmly riveted at its ends to the under side of the ends of the outer frame, A. The sides b of this inner frame are parallel with the sides a of the outer fra-me, A, the ends b of said inner frame being held closely against the under surfaces of the ends a' of the outer frame. 4The bolts or rivets b2, which secure these two iron frames together, also secure the upper ends of braces d to the four corners of the inner frame, B, as will be hereinafter more specifically referred to. The upper surfaces of the two frames A B are in the saine plane, to effect which it will be apparent that the ends of the frame B must be depressed adjacent to its four corners.
The braces, which are above referred to as being secured to the inner frame, consist of the upturned inclined ends fl of the bars D D.
.Bars E E, having similar upturiied inclined ends c, are arranged outside ot' and parallel with the inner bars, D, the said ends or braces c being secured by bolts or rivets passing through the ends of bars F and through the four corners of lthe outer frame, A. The bars F are secured a portion of their length to the bars E, then upturned a portion of their length to meet the outer frame, A, and then extended along the under side of said frame, whereby their ends reach the corners of frame A, where they are securedb)1 the bolts or rivets, as aforesaid.
Inner bars, GG, are secured to the side bars of the inner frame, B. These bars G are bent in the same way as the bars F, and are arranged parallel therewith, whereby said bars G furnish the inclined braces g.
l I represent cross-bars, which are bolted to the under side ot' the four bars D E F G, the ends ot' said bars I being bent upward so as to embrace the outer edges of the outer ones of the bars, which are adapted to form braces. as aforesaid. This arrangement of frames and bars constitutes a light and exceedingly strong open frame, which is in effect an iron cage.
K K indicate two vertical iron plates, which are arranged within the iron cage or frame just described and secured by bolts L passing through flanges 7c,which are formed along the upper and lower edges of the plates. These bolts are also arranged to pass through and bind more firmly together the upper frames and the lower bars, D E F G, of the frame, an illustration of the manner in which said bolts pass through the frames and the bars being illustrated in Figs. l and 2, in the former of which figures the upper ends of the bolts and the taps thereon are shown, and in the latter two bolts are indicated as binding together two of said bars with the flanged plates K.
At the sides of the main structure or cage are the iron plates M, (see Fi0.4,) which said plates are formed with flanges and secured by bolts or rivets between the two vertical plates K K.
N N indicate the ear-wheels, the axles of which are journaled in the boxes O O. The bearings for the axles are formed by plates at, arranged Within the boxes in conjunction with IOO the ordinary springsn. These boxes are titted between the upper frames and the lower bars of the main frame or cage, and are recessed to receive the sante. Bolts B P alongside ot' said boxes hold them rigidly in place, said bolts being passed through the upper frames and the lower bars, D, ofthe cage. Any suitable or well-known oilers for lubricating the axles of the car-wheels can be employed.
R indicates a strong bolster, consisting of an elliptic spring", upon which the body of the car bears. This bolster is arranged transversely to the length ot' the car, and is suspended between the plates K K by means of arms r r, which are hung upon rods S, so as to admit ot' a swinging movement of' the said bolster. These rods or bars S have their bearings in blocks T, which are secured to the top la n ges of the vertical plates K, said blocks being shown in the plan view, Fig. l. rI he bolster R will have any suit-able socket, r', at its top, to receive a bolt from the car-body. The lateral swing of this bolster is of especial advantage while the car is passing round a curve in the road. since the friction will, in a great measure, be transferred from the outer to the inner spindles, thereby preventinghot boxes, caused by the increased rate of speed ot' the outer axles or spindles. It is understood that in my truck I do not pass the axle from one wheel to another, but employ a separate axle for each wheel. Fig. l illustrates this arrangement, which, in conjunction with my swinging bolster, constitutes an important feature of the invention.
What I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A cartruck comprising a rectangular metal outer frame, A, made in one piece, a rectangular inner metal frame, B, madevin one piece, and bolted at its four corners to the under side ofthe end bars, a', of said outer frame, and a series of lower longitudinal bars having their ends inclined upward to form braces, which are secured to the upper rectangular frames, said parts being constructed and cornbined substantially in the manner shown and specified.
2. The top ot' a car-truck,composed of the outer rectangular metal frame, A made in one piece, and theinner rectan gular metal frame, B, made in onepiece, and formed with its side bars depressed at their ends, the end bars, b', ofsaid inner frame being held along theirentire length against the under side of the end bars, a', ofthe outer frame, and the side bars, b, ofthe inner frame being in the same horizontal plane as the side bars ot' the outer frame, the whole connected and supported by rods, bolts, and braces, substantially as described.
3. The combination, in a car-truck, ot' the rectangular outer and inner metal frames, A and B, secured together as described, with the lower longitudinal bars, ll F G, arranged as specified, and having inclined ends secured to the upper rectangular frames in the manner set forth, the transverse bars l I, and the bolts P L, substantially as shown.
4. The combination, in a car-truck, of the upper, outer, and inner rectangular metal frames, A and B, with the langed vertical plates K, the swinging bolsterlt, and the arms r, supporting said bolster, and hung upon rods S, as described.
5. The combination, in a car-truck, ot' the upper, outer, and inner rectangular lnctal frames, A and B, secured together substantially as set t'orth, with the lower longitudinal bars, E F G, the vertical transverse plates K, provided with flanges bearing against the upper frames and lower longitudinal bars, the bolts passing through the frames, bars, and flanges, the plates M, between the ends ofthe transverse vertical plates, the swinging bolster B, arranged between the four plates, and swinging arms supporting the bolster, substantially as shown and described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto atlxed my signature in presence ot' two witnesses.
ANDREW WESTLAKE.
Witnesses:
W. l. THOMPSON, HENRY HUNDEMER.
US241104D Gar-truck Expired - Lifetime US241104A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US241104A true US241104A (en) 1881-05-03

Family

ID=2310443

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US241104D Expired - Lifetime US241104A (en) Gar-truck

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US241104A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2518162A (en) * 1944-10-25 1950-08-08 Dravo Corp Load equalizing means for wheels of moving structures
US2543930A (en) * 1946-09-12 1951-03-06 John J Pachter Wheel springing installation

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2518162A (en) * 1944-10-25 1950-08-08 Dravo Corp Load equalizing means for wheels of moving structures
US2543930A (en) * 1946-09-12 1951-03-06 John J Pachter Wheel springing installation

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US241104A (en) Gar-truck
US373640A (en) Railway-car
US159385A (en) Improvement in car-trucks
US299735A (en) cakdee
US592540A (en) Stock
US1016073A (en) Car-truck.
US307017A (en) cleveland
US263516A (en) Running-gear for cars
US348741A (en) Car-truck
US264948A (en) Street-car
US158563A (en) Improvement in car-trucks
US267425A (en) Calvin q
US197455A (en) Improvement in car axle-boxes and springs
US1011303A (en) Car-truck.
US567579A (en) Car-truck frame
US412028A (en) Connection for car-axle boxes
US650511A (en) Car-truck.
US408027A (en) Kenzie hughes
US625745A (en) Passenger-car truck
US767660A (en) Truck.
US135762A (en) Improvement in railroad trucks
US231898A (en) Car-truck
US1000407A (en) Car-truck.
US913609A (en) Locomotive-tender truck.
US1049582A (en) Railroad rolling-stock and other vehicle.