US270412A - Car-coupling - Google Patents

Car-coupling Download PDF


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US270412A US270412DA US270412A US 270412 A US270412 A US 270412A US 270412D A US270412D A US 270412DA US 270412 A US270412 A US 270412A
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    • B61G1/00Couplings comprising interengaging parts of different shape or form and having links, bars, pins, shackles, or hooks as coupling means
    • B61G1/02Couplings comprising interengaging parts of different shape or form and having links, bars, pins, shackles, or hooks as coupling means having links or bars coupling or uncoupling by rotating around a transverse horizontal axis
    • B61G1/06Couplings comprising interengaging parts of different shape or form and having links, bars, pins, shackles, or hooks as coupling means having links or bars coupling or uncoupling by rotating around a transverse horizontal axis and coupling when the coupling halves are pushed together


(No Model.)
J. P. GAINES' GAR COUPLING No. 270,412. Patented Jan. 9,1883.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No.2'70,412, dated January 9, 1883.
Application filed October 3, 1882. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES P. GAINES, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Kuttawa, in the county of Lyon and State of Kentucky, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Oar-Oouplerstand I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters or figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in a device for coupling and uncoupling cars; and it consists in the novel construction, arrangement, and combination of the several parts, as will be hereinafter set forth, and pointed out in the claims.
"he object of my invention is to provide a means whereby the cars will couple themselves automatically, also to provide a means by which the cars can be uncoupled either from the top or sides of the same, and by which the linkcan be held in a proper position for coupling either from the sides or the top of the car or from the adjoining car. 4
In the annexed drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of my invention. tional view. Fig. 3 is a front view, showing the link-guide elevated; and Figs. 4, 5, and 6 are detailed views of the coupling-pin and linkguide.
A represents the coupling-head,which is attached in the usual manner to the draw-bar.
The upper part of this coupling-head is provided with an opening, a, and the upper forward portion of'the same is provided with raised walls b b. WVithin these raised walls, so as to lie within the opening a, is pivoted the coupling-pin B, having a rearwardly-extending portion, which is weighted and provided with an eye, 0. The construction of this couplingpin will be readily understood by reference to Fig. 4 of the accompanying drawings.
Secured to the under portion of the couplinghead, at the rear of the same, is a lug, d, to which the plate 0, for operating the linkguides, is attached by a pivot, e, which passes through the eyes 6 e and lug d. The plate 0 is provided atits forward end with an opening,
Fig. 2 is a secf, and between its ends the side arms,g r which are of suflicient length to extend beyond the sides of the coupling-head. To these arms are attached cords for operating the link-guide. The link-guide, as shown in Fig. 5, consists of an upwardly-projecting rod, L, the lower portion of which is provided with a shoulder,which rests on the plate (J, adjacent to the openingf. The upper part of this rod is provided with a cross-bar with indentations t t, upon which the link rests. This cross-bar, when not in use, lies within a transverse recess in the lower forward part of the coupling-head, the end portion, 71, of the same passing through the opening in the coupling-head, whichopening is located over the openingfof the plate 0.
The coupling-head A is made in two parts, which are suitably bolted together, the upper portion being cut away and recessed for the reception of a coupling-pin. The inner lower portion of this coupling-head is provided with a stop, against which the end of the couplingpin abuts.
The means for uncoupling the cords and guidelink for the purpose of coupling consists of flexible connections, which are suitably guided through eyes to the top and side of the car.
To the end of the coupling-pin B, on its weighted portion, and to the opening 0, are attached three flexible connecting mean s, cords or chains answering well. The curds l0 and I, which pass to the side of the car, extent] upwardly and are guided through the eye it to the sides of the car, Where theyare secured by a suitable staple and ring. lhe cord mis employed to raise the link B from the top of the car. The cords atop are attached to the side arms of the plate 0, and are guided to the top and side of the car, as shown.
Attached to the front of the car, on one side of the coupling-head, so as to project beyond. the same, is a rod, 1%, so as to be within reach of a person when standing on the platform of the adjacent car when the' coupling-heads are together. This rod It is provided at its end with an eye, through which passes a cord, which is attached to the plate B. By this means the link can be guided when it is desirable to couple the cars when they are in motion. By means of the attachment hereinbefore device provided with a link-guide, the forwardlyextending rod R, with means for operating the link-guide, substantially as described and shown.
TheplateUflmvingsidearms,gg,andopeningf, in combination with a link-guide having" downwardly-projecting arms h, and crossbar, with link-rests i 'i, arranged Within and attached to the car-coupler, substantially as shown and described.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
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