US2644552A - Metal plank - Google Patents

Metal plank Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2644552A
US2644552A US662504A US66250446A US2644552A US 2644552 A US2644552 A US 2644552A US 662504 A US662504 A US 662504A US 66250446 A US66250446 A US 66250446A US 2644552 A US2644552 A US 2644552A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
plank
edge
planks
metal
joint
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US662504A
Inventor
Angus S Macdonald
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Globe-Wernicke Co
Original Assignee
Globe-Wernicke Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Globe-Wernicke Co filed Critical Globe-Wernicke Co
Priority to US662504A priority Critical patent/US2644552A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2644552A publication Critical patent/US2644552A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/54Joints substantially without separate connecting elements, e.g. jointing by inter-engagement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/292Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and sheet metal

Description

July 7, 1953 A. s. MacDoNALD METAL PLANK 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 16, 1946 A. s. MacDQNALD July 7, 1953 METAL PLANK 5 sheets-sheet 5 Filed April 1e, 194e a, im@ ,vr/m@ /7 J U a, Pf/f ffm@ y July 7, 1953 YA. s. .MacDoNALD METAL BLANK 5 She'ets-Sheet 4 Filed lApril 16, 1946 July 7, 1953 A..s. Macn'oNALD METAL PLANK Filed April 1e', 194e 5 sheets-sheet 5 Patented July 7, 1953 METAL PLANK Angus S. Mac-Donald, near Rapidan, Va., assignor to The Globe Wernicke Co., a corporation of Ohio Application April 16, 1946, Serial No. 662,504

6 claims. (C1. 18e-34) This invention relates to improvements in metal planks of the character used in building construction to provide a building unit therefor, either for inside or outside building walls, panels, floors, or other parts of the building.

In the construction of buildings, it has been the practice generally heretofore to form the wall or floor units of studding or sills with plaster or wood covering applied thereover, in a fabricated structure. Some attempts have been made to lprovide panel units, especially for pre-fabricated buildings, but these have not been entirely satisfactory, because of the considerable weight that is objectionable in transportation and handling, or the complexity of structure that renders the units expensive to manufacture and use. Furthermore, such panels usually have required nailing or other fastenings at the joints thereof, which did not facilitate the assembly and connection of the panel units in a simple and expeditious manner. i

One object of this invention is to improve the construction of a building unit or plank to provide a sturdy and rigid construction which is, v

nevertheless, of light weight, that is adaptable to various finishes for an'attractive appearance and yet is very practical to use because of its supporting qualities, as well as its insulating effect against heat or cold.

In accomplishing this object, I prefer to construct the plank or building unit with spaced Walls joined together to provide an enclosure which will serve not only as a dead air space, but may receive therein insulating material that will insulate effectively the plank or building 'unit against the passage therethrough of heat or cold. Moreover, the construction, `preferably of metal, also interconnects the side walls thereof, but without the direct transfer of heat through conduction along the plank or unit from one side wall to the other, thus further increasing the insulating effectv of the unit. The side walls, being formed of sheet-metal, are capable of decoration to any desired extent without requiring the use of plaster or other supporting material for the decorating effect.

A further object of the invention is to improve the construction of the `joint between adjacent planks or building units, whereby these may be interconnected readily and yet effectively, without the necessity for using fastenings for securing the parts in place. This is particularly important in the construction of pre-fabricated buildings where the wall and floor units. should be ttedtogether without the necessity for cutting and fitting during the. erection process.

In constructing the plank or building unit of sheet-metal, provision may be made at the edges thereof for the interfitting of the adjacent planks `in a simple and effective manner through a resilient connection between the edges that will make a tight joint', even with-out the necessity for the use of separate fastenings. This is made possible by providing rounded spring connections and intertting sockets on the respective oppo- 1 site edges of the planks, whereby a spring tongue on one edge of one plank will interfit with a socket on the adjacent edge of the next adjacent plank. These tongues and sockets are provided preferably on both opposite sides of each plank, whereby the tongues on one plank will embrace the edge portion of the adjacent plank and hold it securely, that will be effective to provide a tight joint, but without the necessity for the use of iastenings therebetween.

The invention is illustratedin certainembodiments thereof, in the accompanying drawings in which: f Y Fig. 1 is a perspective View showing a joint between interconnected planks made in accordance with this invention;

Fig. 2 is a top plan view illustrating the end construction of the planks.;

Fig. 3 is a detail elevation showing an edge of a plank;

Fig. 4 is a side elevation of a wall formed by an assembly of planks;

Fig. '5 is a horizontal sectional view through an intermediate portion of a plank;

Fig. 6 is a detail cross section through an edge of the plank showing a modified connection therein; f

Fig, 7 is a cross section through a joint between planks showing a further modified construction;

Fig. 8 is a diagrammatic end View showing one method of assembling the planks;

Fig. 9 is a detail transverse section showing a further modified form of plank; and

Fig. l0 is a similar view of the opposite edge of the plank showing still another modification thereof.

While the inventionmay be used in manydifferentapplications in building construction, such as for walls, doors, ceilings, and other parts thereof, it is described more particularly asapplied to a wall construction merely for purpose of illustration and because its more immediate application appears to bein the construction of walls of pre-fabricated buildings.

A wall will be formed preferably of a plurality of upright planks arranged in edge-to-edge relation, as shown in Fig. fl, in which adjacent planks 'therearound as shown in Fig. 2.

are designated generally at I and 2, and succeeding planks at 3 and 4. These planks may be constructed, respectively, according to this invention, and interconnected in edge-to-edge relation to form the desired wall or other part of the building. For a wall, the planks extend preferably throughout the heightvof the wall,uusually of one story height; Y although it' is" possible to construct them so that they will extehd'ft'o a height of two or more stories, if that should be desired. Where the planks are used in pre; fabricated buildings and the length is to be. that of one story, these may be constructed of selected lengths which will vary ordinarily from seven feet to ten feet, according? to the'-` height of the building story and the use thereof, as for outside or inside walls. For most pre-fabrio,aiu-idL buildings, a width of twelve inches is preferred, bcause of its adaptability to fitting in dineret building plans. For these dimensions, a thickness of about six inches has been found practical for manufacture. VThese dimensions are given, however; merely for purpose of illustration ofa construction that is adaptable' for factory manu-V facture in pre-fabricated building construction and; of course,the invention is not limited as to size'y or proportions ofthe planks.

VThe ,planks I and 2` are shown interconnected in Eigsland 2; Each of these is shown as constructed in like manner and only one need be described in detail, s Y

EachV plank is' shown as formed in two sections, preferably made, of sheet-metal, such as steel, aluminum, or otherA prefabricated materials.Y Itis preferred to use col-d rolled sheet aluminum alloy for the purpose; because of its lightnessr in weight and adaptability to be fabricated, as well as having a stiff springiness that will facilitate the connection of the planks at the -joints therebetween, as hereinafter described.

Each of the plankgsections has opposite side walls,Y as indicated at 5 and 6, respectively, which walls extend substantially parallel in spaced relationrand maybe corrugated,- as illustrated in Figs. 1, 2 and 4, or plane, as shown in Fig. 5, whichever is desired, according to Vthe use and ornamental effect to be obtained. The wall sectionthas inturned end sections 1 and 8, vprojecting inwardly from the opposite end portions of the wall; The Wall 6 has corresponding inturned end sections 9 and I0, substantially in transverseY alignment with the end sections I and 8, respectively. The opposed .end sections are preferably shaped at. acuteangles to each other, so Athat the end sections of adjacent boards are arranged substantially in diamond shape, as shown in Fig. 2; providing external grooves in therespective boards to accommodate the fastenings between the sections of each board,

The respective side wall sections of each board are connected together, through crimped joints or wooden connections, in which insulating means is preferably` incorporated as hereinafter described. Each of these, joints is shown as formed by an outturned ange I I formed `on the respective end sections 8 and I0 an d embraced by a folded-over crimped flange I2 that extends These parts may be held in spaced relation for insulating effect, as hereinafter described, but will effectively secure the side wall sections together and hold the parts ofthe board in secure assembly. These crimped joints may be bent transversely in serpentine fashion, as indicated at I3 in Fig. 3, if desired, to increase the'holding effect there; of, between the sections.

The top and bottom sides of the plank are partially closed by -diaphragms I4, fitting in the respective sections of the plank with their inner edges spaced from each other, as will be evident from Figs. 1 and 2. Each of the diaphragms I4 is formed with a. surrounding flange I5 thereon, fitted in, abutting relation with the corresponding sidewall sectiorifto increase theistiifness of the diaphragm a'd the bracing"y effect thereof on the plank. While the diaphragm stiffness Iii-I5 Iriay be welded to the plank sections, if desired, If ave shown a punched and rolled connection, gen rally indicated at I6, therebetween, formed by" tool' which punches through the sheet-metal forming' the end section of the plank and the adjacent portic'nk o'f the flange I5 on the diaphragmr and which tool also rolls the punchedout nietal into a tight roll that will hold the parts securely together. Y

Additional diaphragm stiffeners may be provided at intervals along the-lengthof; each plank, as indicated at I4 in Figs.4 land 3,v and secured in place" by similar punched and rolled connec-a tionsn I5'. These intermediate diaphragme will reinforce and strengthen the plank intermediate the ends thereof.1 The number and spacing of these intermediate diaphragm stiffener-s will dea pend somewhat upon the use ofthe plank, but

ordinarily a spacing of about eighteen inches willV be sufficientfor wall construction, although somewhat closer spacing willbe required where the plank is used for a door construction.

It will be noted thatV the diaphragmv stiifeners It, I4' are secured at the respective opposite edges of the plank, while they abut the side faces 5 and t of the plank insuch a way as to stiften the whole structure without requiring any fasten-ing through the plankn faces. However, these stiffeners may be welded at the anges it, if desired,- to the side faces 5 and- 6. v

To provide for an intertting joint between the boards or building units, I have provided ra yieldable tongue and groove connection therebetween at the respective opposite sides of each board. Each of the end sections 3 and 9, at the juncture thereof with the side walls 5 and 5; is turned inward asA indicated atV Il, tu form an indented groove of arcuate cross section in the outer corner portion thereof, which groove, nevertheless, is bounded on one edge by a lateral face diverging outwardly in the direction of the adjacent edge of the plank and joined to a rib I8 having'acom vex arcuate section, the outer edge of which is spaced from the longitudinal central plane of the board a distance greater than the distance from the bottom of the groove Il to said plane. (7Jo-Y acting with the groove I1 is a tongue I9 formed as a rounded loop in the sheet of metal which provides the side wall 5er e and the adjacent end section 'I or I6. This tongue I9 is shaped complementarily on its inner side with the groove I1 and rib I8, and preferably is formed with a curved surface. ofrevolution more than a semi,- circle in Vcrossasection which makes it Apossible to use a hard alloy to lprovide a stiff springiness in the tongue without cracking of the metalin the bending of the sheet t0 provide the extended tongue. It willbe 'evident from' Figs; l and 2 that such a tongue and groove F11-1li) formed 4at each opposite face of the boardprovides not only for' Aan interlocking connection between the boards, but an effectively tight joiht theiebea tween. Furthermore, this joint may be closed and the parts fitted ltogether merely by pressing one board edgewise Aagainst the other which `will facilitate the assembly; enabling the` building` structure to be set up very quicklyand without requiring any fastenings between the boards.

One method of assembling the planks at the joint therebetween is illustrated diagrammatically in Fig. 8. The planks I and 2 are assembled, for instance, by engaging the tongue I9 at one edge of the plank 2 in the groove I'I of theadjacent edge of the plank I, and then swinging the planks into transverse alignment as indicated by the arrows. In thus swinging the planks into place, a wedging action is exerted at the joint, whereby the planks snap into place and are held effectively in their assembled relation.- Another method of assembling the planks is to interengage them in direct alignment at one end, as, for instance, at the upper corner, and then swing the other end of the plank into place but directly in alignment edgewise, so that a similar wedging action is exerted. If desired, the joint can be painted to match the surface of the wall, or filled with a mastic or with caulking, as indicated at 20 in Fig. 5, to provide a continuous uniform surface on the wall and to exclude the passage of airor water through the joint.

The board constructed according to this invention is capable of very effective insulation by the incorporation therein of insulating means which will insulate against the passage of heat or cold through the board. This may be provided by incorporating in the board a sheetof insulating material, generally indicated at 2|. This insulating material is shown, in the example illustrated, as a bat of rock wool enclosed between paper sheets '22, as illustrated in Fig. 5. The

rock wool is usually light and fluffy, so that the bat may be introduced into the board even after it is assembled, if not incorporated during the assembly, by compressing the bat and squeezing it through the space between the diaphragme I il, and then allowing it to expand, as will be evident from Fig. 3. The intermediate diaphragms Ill will retain the bat in place, and it .will be held also by expanding edgewise against the end sections of the board. The bat will be suspended in spaced relation from the opposite side walls of the board, so that any condensation which may form thereon will not collect on the bat either to loosen the paper sheets thereof or to injure the insulating qualities ofthe material. l

' If the bat is inserted into the board during the fabrication of the latter, it may be held generally by continuing the paper sheets along the edges thereof,v asindicated at 22 in Fig. 6, and turning these paper sheets over and around the flange II of the joint, between the latter flange and the crimped flange I2, whereby these paper sheets will not only be secured in place by the crimped joint between the side sections of the Y plank, but the paper in the joint will serve also to insulate the sections against the conduction of heat or cold from one side wall to the other of the plank, which would result from a metal-tometal contact between these wall sections.

If the edges of the paper are not thus continued through the crimped joint, it is preferred that a separate strip of non-metallic material be incorporated in the crimped joint, as indicated at 23 in Fig. 5. A suitable material found effective for this purpose is an insulating material or tape made of synthetic rubber and sold under the trade name of Neoprene Any other suitable material may be used as desired.

Further insulation may be provided. if desired, by a coating 24 on the inner surface of the side heat from one side to the other of the plank, is

illustrated in Fig. 7. In this form, wooden or other heat insulating strips 25 are incorporated in the joint of each plank. These strips are shown as secured by nails 26 to the flanges I I carried by the side walls 5 and 6', as described above. Two wooden strips are shown incorporated in each edge of the plank, projecting to different extents, as shown in Fig. 7, to overlap corresponding strips in the edge of the connected plank.

In the form shown, the wooden strips 25 sup-v port therebetween a sheet of aluminum foil 21 extending along the center of the plank to stop the transfer of heat by reflection. These vstrips 25 serve not only to support `the aluminum, and to prevent` the transfer of heat'by conduction, but also add to the structural value ofthe plank when used either as a column or when used as a beam.

In this modified form, the diaphragm stiffeners are indicated generally at I5 in Fig. '7. These are used at intervals along the length of each plank, as described above.

In the further modifications shown in Figs. 9

- and 10 the side walls 35 and 35', and 36 and 36 vsaid spring tongue. y the planks to be slipped together and held in are formed of sheet metal each with a looped spring tongue at one edge of the plank, as indicated |at 39, and with a corresponding groove et in the opposite edge of the plank to receive This construction permits resiliently attached relation, as described above.

Instead of securing the inturned edges of the sheet metal sides kdirectly together, these may be connected through interposed strips 4I and 4I which are shown and preferably of wood. These strips 4I and 4I extend lengthwise throughout the length of eachy edge ofthe plank. The edge portions of sheet metal are joined thereto as by nails i2 and d2. These strips 4I and 4I close the edges of the plank between the spaced portions of the sheet metal, as will be evident fro Figs. 9 and 10.

Extending transversely of the length of each plank at the opposite sides thereof are stiffener members t3 and d3' also preferably formed of wood. These stiffener members are spaced apart distances of approximately 12 inches or 18 inches along the length of Veach plank and are in abutting relation with the side Walls thereof for stiffening purposes. They are secured in place by nails 'M and 44. Y

For insulating effect, the inner face of each side wall of the plank is provided with a lining i5 or 45 `of suitable heat insulating material,`

such, for instance, as Insulmastic described above. yMoreover, the inner space of the plank is provided with a suitable heatinsulating material such as a glass or rock-wool bat indicated generally at 46 in Fig. 9, or one or more strips of aluminum foil indicated at 41 in Fig. 10. The aluminum foil may be glued to the inner edges of the wood stiffeners 43 as well as having the edgesthereof secured between the endsof these Wardly in the direction of the adjacent edge of the plank and turned inwardly through a convex arcuate section laterally of the adjacent edge of the plank, said indented grooves and lastmentioned arcuate sections being substantially complementary to the spring loops for lspring engagement by spring loops of an adjacent like plank therewith upon relative swinging motion thereof for yieldably retaining the spring loops of said adjacent like plank thereon, means connecting said laterally extending portions of said sheets and cooperating therewith forming the edge portion of the plank, longitudinally spaced stiiiener members extending transversely of the length of the plank in bearing relation against the inner faces of the side walls, said stiiiener members having inner edges spaced apart in the direction of the thickness of the plank, and insulating material extending in the plank between opposite side walls thereof and between said inner edges of the stirfener members.

5. A metal side wall plank comprising spaced opposite side walls of separate elongated ilexible metallic sheets, each of the sheets being turned longitudinally back upon itself in an elongated transversely yieldable spring loop and thence laterally of one edge of the plank, said elongated spring loop being formed in an external convex surface of revolution extending through more than a semi-circle and joined by an arcuate section to the laterally extending portion of the sheet, the opposite edge portion of each side Wall having an indented groove therein of arcuate cross section with a lateral face diverging outwardly in the direction of the adjacent edge of the plank and turned inwardly through a convex arcuate section laterally of the adjacent edge of the plank, said indented grooves and lastmentioned arcuate sections being substantially complementary to the spring loops for spring engagement by spring loops or an adjacent like plank therewith upon relative swinging motion thereof for yieldably retaining the spring loops of said adjacent like plank thereon, and strips extending lengthwise of the opposite edges of the plank and connecting said laterally extending portions of said sheets and cooperating therewith forming the edge portion of the plank.

6. A structural joint comprising a pair df metal planks arranged in edge-to-edge interconnected relation, each of the planks comprising spaced opposite side walls of separate elongated spring metallic sheets, each of the sheets of one plank being turned longitudinally back upon itself in an elongated transversely yieldable spring loop and thence laterally of one edge of the plank, said elongated spring loop being formed in an external convex surface of revolution extending through more than a semi-circle and joined by an arcuate section to the laterally extending portion of the sheet, the adjacent edge portion of the other plank having each side Wall sheet thereof formed with an indented groove therein of arcuate cross section with a lateral face diverging outwardly in the direction of the adjacent edge of the plank and turned inwardly through a convex arcuate section laterally of the adjacent edge of the plank, said indented grooves and last-mentioned arcuate sections being substantially complementary to the spring loops of the first-mentioned interconnected plank and having spring engagement therewith upon relative swinging motion thereof for yieldably retaining the spring loops of said rst-mentioned plank thereon, vand means connecting said laterally extending portions of said sheets of each plank and cooperating therewith forming the edge portion of each plank.

ANGUS` S. MACDONALD.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 624,603, Zoerb et al May 9, 1899 968,321 Boyer Aug. 23, 1910 1,312,663 Young Aug. 12, 1919 1,593,718 Gehnrich July 27, 1926 1,706,769 Buck Mar. 26, 1929 1,895,667 Junkers Jan. 31, 1933 2,048,457 Mauser July 21, 1936 2,086,009 Walker July 6, 1937 2,142,305 Davis Jan. 3, 1939 2,196,781 Saino et al Apr. 9, 1940 2,205,730 Morgan June 25, 1940 2,231,216 Nystrom Feb. 11, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 151,352 Great Britain 0f 1920

US662504A 1946-04-16 1946-04-16 Metal plank Expired - Lifetime US2644552A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US662504A US2644552A (en) 1946-04-16 1946-04-16 Metal plank

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US662504A US2644552A (en) 1946-04-16 1946-04-16 Metal plank

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2644552A true US2644552A (en) 1953-07-07

Family

ID=24657997

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US662504A Expired - Lifetime US2644552A (en) 1946-04-16 1946-04-16 Metal plank

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2644552A (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2772757A (en) * 1952-11-19 1956-12-04 Hammond Gordon Structural material
US2856039A (en) * 1954-03-04 1958-10-14 Harold G Hawkinson Building construction
US3048244A (en) * 1957-04-10 1962-08-07 Bufler Mfg Corp Interlocking wall system
US3100556A (en) * 1959-07-30 1963-08-13 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members
US3742672A (en) * 1971-12-30 1973-07-03 United Mcgill Corp Modular building panel having interlocking edge structure
DE3439046A1 (en) * 1984-10-25 1986-04-30 Kaefer Isoliertechnik Partition wall comprising panels which are connected to one another
US4928468A (en) * 1988-12-05 1990-05-29 Phillips Edward H Building panel module
US5228257A (en) * 1991-03-04 1993-07-20 Awh Corporation Modular wall system
US5293728A (en) * 1992-09-17 1994-03-15 Texas Aluminum Industries, Inc. Insulated panel
US20050284075A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20100011695A1 (en) * 2008-07-16 2010-01-21 Xxentria Technology Materials Co., Ltd. Composite Panel Assembly
US7856784B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2010-12-28 Pergo AG Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7877956B2 (en) 1999-07-05 2011-02-01 Pergo AG Floor element with guiding means
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US10041243B2 (en) * 2014-10-21 2018-08-07 Venture Holdings B.V. Modular building unit, system and method
WO2018209395A1 (en) * 2017-05-17 2018-11-22 Aluminium Industries Investments Pty Ltd Deck plank apparatus, system and method

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US624603A (en) * 1899-05-09 Eyeglass or
US968321A (en) * 1908-05-22 1910-08-23 William J Boyer Car-sheathing.
US1312663A (en) * 1919-08-12 young
GB151352A (en) * 1919-07-21 1920-09-21 Dermot Joseph Mooney Improvements in metal framework for aircraft
US1593718A (en) * 1925-08-19 1926-07-27 Gehnrich Indirect Heat Oven Co Sectional-oven wall
US1706769A (en) * 1926-09-09 1929-03-26 Hunter James Machine Co Heat-insulating wall
US1895667A (en) * 1928-03-07 1933-01-31 Junkers Hugo Structural member
US2048457A (en) * 1933-03-07 1936-07-21 Mauser Karl Wilhelm Building material
US2086009A (en) * 1933-04-05 1937-07-06 Remington Rand Inc Book stack
US2142305A (en) * 1932-09-13 1939-01-03 American Cyanamid & Chem Corp Building unit and construction
US2196781A (en) * 1939-04-13 1940-04-09 Felix H Saino Fire wall, bulkhead, and panel
US2205730A (en) * 1938-04-16 1940-06-25 Arthur C Morgan Building construction
US2231216A (en) * 1938-12-31 1941-02-11 Standard Railway Equipment Mfg Insulated panel

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US624603A (en) * 1899-05-09 Eyeglass or
US1312663A (en) * 1919-08-12 young
US968321A (en) * 1908-05-22 1910-08-23 William J Boyer Car-sheathing.
GB151352A (en) * 1919-07-21 1920-09-21 Dermot Joseph Mooney Improvements in metal framework for aircraft
US1593718A (en) * 1925-08-19 1926-07-27 Gehnrich Indirect Heat Oven Co Sectional-oven wall
US1706769A (en) * 1926-09-09 1929-03-26 Hunter James Machine Co Heat-insulating wall
US1895667A (en) * 1928-03-07 1933-01-31 Junkers Hugo Structural member
US2142305A (en) * 1932-09-13 1939-01-03 American Cyanamid & Chem Corp Building unit and construction
US2048457A (en) * 1933-03-07 1936-07-21 Mauser Karl Wilhelm Building material
US2086009A (en) * 1933-04-05 1937-07-06 Remington Rand Inc Book stack
US2205730A (en) * 1938-04-16 1940-06-25 Arthur C Morgan Building construction
US2231216A (en) * 1938-12-31 1941-02-11 Standard Railway Equipment Mfg Insulated panel
US2196781A (en) * 1939-04-13 1940-04-09 Felix H Saino Fire wall, bulkhead, and panel

Cited By (106)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2772757A (en) * 1952-11-19 1956-12-04 Hammond Gordon Structural material
US2856039A (en) * 1954-03-04 1958-10-14 Harold G Hawkinson Building construction
US3048244A (en) * 1957-04-10 1962-08-07 Bufler Mfg Corp Interlocking wall system
US3100556A (en) * 1959-07-30 1963-08-13 Reynolds Metals Co Interlocking metallic structural members
US3742672A (en) * 1971-12-30 1973-07-03 United Mcgill Corp Modular building panel having interlocking edge structure
DE3439046A1 (en) * 1984-10-25 1986-04-30 Kaefer Isoliertechnik Partition wall comprising panels which are connected to one another
US4928468A (en) * 1988-12-05 1990-05-29 Phillips Edward H Building panel module
US5228257A (en) * 1991-03-04 1993-07-20 Awh Corporation Modular wall system
US5293728A (en) * 1992-09-17 1994-03-15 Texas Aluminum Industries, Inc. Insulated panel
US8661762B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-03-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8276342B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2012-10-02 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US20110185663A1 (en) * 1995-03-07 2011-08-04 Goran Martensson Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US9032685B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2015-05-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US8875465B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2014-11-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7856784B2 (en) 1995-03-07 2010-12-28 Pergo AG Flooring panel or wall panel and use thereof
US7650728B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 UNILIN BEHEER BV besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060272263A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-12-07 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070094987A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-05-03 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20070251188A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2007-11-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Bestloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20080066416A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2008-03-20 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US7617645B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-17 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7621094B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-11-24 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7634886B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-22 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7634887B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-22 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7637066B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7637067B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2009-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7640708B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7644554B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7644555B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7644557B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7647743B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US7647741B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-19 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US9290951B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2016-03-22 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060248829A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7650727B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-01-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7654054B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-02 Uniliin Beheer B.V. besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7658048B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7661238B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., besloten, vennootshap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665266B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665267B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665268B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7665265B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-02-23 Unlin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669377B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7669376B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-02 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7673431B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-09 Unilin Beheer B.V. besloten, vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7677008B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-16 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7681371B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-03-23 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698868B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7698869B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-04-20 Unilin Beheer B.V. Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7707793B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-04 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7712280B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-05-11 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7726089B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7735288B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-06-15 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7757453B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-07-20 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7770350B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-08-10 Unilin Beheer B. V., besloten vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7810297B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-10-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827754B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US7827755B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2010-11-09 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236633A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236632A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236635A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8997429B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2015-04-07 Unilin Beheer B.V. Floor panels with edge connectors
US8166723B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2012-05-01 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060005499A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-01-12 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Method of making floor panels with edge connectors
US8365494B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2013-02-05 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20050284075A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2005-12-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US8789334B2 (en) 1996-06-11 2014-07-29 Unilin Beheer B.V., Besloten Vennootschap Floor panels with edge connectors
US20060236630A1 (en) * 1996-06-11 2006-10-26 Moriau Stefan S G Floor panels with edge connectors
US9322162B2 (en) 1998-02-04 2016-04-26 Pergo (Europe) Ab Guiding means at a joint
US9464443B2 (en) 1998-10-06 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material comprising flooring elements which are assembled by means of separate flooring elements
US7877956B2 (en) 1999-07-05 2011-02-01 Pergo AG Floor element with guiding means
US8544233B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-10-01 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US8578675B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2013-11-12 Pergo (Europe) Ab Process for sealing of a joint
US9316006B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-04-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10156078B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2018-12-18 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9534397B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-01-03 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9260869B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-16 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9677285B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-06-13 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US10233653B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2019-03-19 Pergo (Europe) Ab Flooring material
US9255414B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2016-02-09 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9611656B2 (en) 2000-03-31 2017-04-04 Pergo (Europe) Ab Building panels
US9234356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-01-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9624676B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2017-04-18 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9856657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-01-02 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8904729B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-12-09 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8793958B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-08-05 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US10125498B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2018-11-13 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9334657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-05-10 Flooring Industries Limted, Sarl Floor covering
US9376823B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-06-28 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388585B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9388586B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-12 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9394699B1 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-07-19 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8631625B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-21 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9482013B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-11-01 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US8627631B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2014-01-14 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US9068356B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2015-06-30 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Floor covering
US20100011695A1 (en) * 2008-07-16 2010-01-21 Xxentria Technology Materials Co., Ltd. Composite Panel Assembly
US8141325B2 (en) * 2008-07-16 2012-03-27 Xxentria Technology Materials Co., Ltd. Composite panel assembly
US8615952B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2013-12-31 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9115500B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2015-08-25 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US9464444B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2016-10-11 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8631623B2 (en) 2010-01-15 2014-01-21 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising retaining profiles with a separate clip and method for inserting the clip
US8978334B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-03-17 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US9593491B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2017-03-14 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels
US10041243B2 (en) * 2014-10-21 2018-08-07 Venture Holdings B.V. Modular building unit, system and method
WO2018209395A1 (en) * 2017-05-17 2018-11-22 Aluminium Industries Investments Pty Ltd Deck plank apparatus, system and method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3500596A (en) Building of prefabricated sections
US3313073A (en) Joint assemblies for insulation panels
US3367076A (en) Wall panel construction
US3258889A (en) Prefabricated stud panel with foam insulation connector
US3355852A (en) Fireproof building column assemblies
US3362120A (en) Dry wall construction and method of assembly
US3290845A (en) Prefabricated insulated panel system
US3363378A (en) Building panel and method of assembly
US3357146A (en) Building panel splicing
US3466831A (en) Sandwich-type building panel
US4157640A (en) Prefabricated building panel
US3228822A (en) Tubular core partition panel
US3397496A (en) Locking means for roof and wall panel construction
US3866381A (en) Extruded columnar frame for partitions, walls and enclosures
US6158190A (en) Insulated composite steel member
US3608258A (en) Removable multipaneled wall construction
US5381638A (en) Building structure formed of lightweight interfitting panels
US5245809A (en) Urethane insulating panel and method
US2228363A (en) Building construction
US2101952A (en) Building construction
US3685222A (en) Prefabricated building structure
US4769963A (en) Bonded panel interlock device
CA2498002C (en) Insulating concrete form and welded wire form tie
US4942707A (en) Load-bearing roof or ceiling assembly made up of insulated concrete panels
US5007222A (en) Foamed building panel including an internally mounted stud