US1990656A - Self-sustaining partition - Google Patents

Self-sustaining partition Download PDF

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Publication number
US1990656A
US1990656A US69790533A US1990656A US 1990656 A US1990656 A US 1990656A US 69790533 A US69790533 A US 69790533A US 1990656 A US1990656 A US 1990656A
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Prior art keywords
members
member
wall
slabs
edges
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Expired - Lifetime
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Guy F Kotrbaty
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Guy F Kotrbaty
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/6187Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means on top and/or bottom surfaces of the slabs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/6145Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with recesses in both frontal surfaces co-operating with an additional connecting element
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/6145Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with recesses in both frontal surfaces co-operating with an additional connecting element
    • E04B1/6158Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with recesses in both frontal surfaces co-operating with an additional connecting element the connection made by formlocking
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/043Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres of plaster

Description

Feb. 12, 1935. e. F. KOTRBATY SELF SUSTAINING PARTITION Filed Nov. 14, 1933 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR 60y x. Aa/rafy M :4 (Q ATTORNEY 1935. a. F. KOTRBATY 1,990,656

Filed NOV. 14, 1935 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR 0 62y ff Ka/ra/y BY M ATTORNEY I Feb. 12, 1935. G. F. KOTRBATY 1,990,655

I SELF SUSTAINING PARTITION Filed Nov. 14, 1933 s Shets-Sheet s INVENTOR 4 00y f Ka/ro/y BY M W ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 12, 1935 UNITED STATES PATENT 12 Claims.

This invention relates to improved self-sustaining composite gypsum wall members and to methods of assembling same to form partition walls and the like. 4

5 Hitherto, gypsum slabs have been used for partition work and have been fabricated either as blocks or in the form of slabs covered with a bibulous paper to permit the application of finish coats. Such constructions are, of necessity, of appreciable thickness and weight due to the bulk of material required to impart a desirable strength. Partitions made of gypsum slabs require wooden or metal framing to properly support them, and thus increase the cost of installation, due to the extra labor and material required.

The disadvantages of these known constructions have been overcome by the present invention, in which a self-sustaining partition or wall so member of gypsum is prepared by abutting two slabs of gypsum, provided with the usual paper covering, and interposing a structural supporting member such as a heavy wire mesh of carbon steel or a Hy-rib support provided with transverse spacing members of wire or rod. In addition to the metallic supporting member a filling of a gypsum cement is also interposed between the side members of the composite slab and in intimate contact with the metallic support, the 30 whole assembly being suitably compressed, as by means of rollers, to insure a firm bonding of the 'parts and to permit the cement to be embedded in the paper facings of the juxtaposed slab members.

The composite members thus formed may be assembled in any suitable manner, and, due to their inherent strength and structural rigidity, do not require framing members.

The present invention comprehends a novel method and means of assembling such composite structures by providing the longitudinal edges of the members with grooved channels of various shapes, which are adapted to protect the edges of the members during shipment, as well as to serve as a retaining means for anchoring devices. Such anchoring devices may comprise a ridge member of cold rolled steel or the like having a pair of opposed lateral fianges. These members are cut into suitable lengths, usually approximately twice the depth of the lateral channel members above described, and are inserted at the top and bottom of the said 'channels,-.the flanged portions being severally abutted against the ceiling and floor and secured thereto in any desired manner, as by means of nails or screws. Successi e composite slab members may be placed in position and anchored, being themselves locked in position by other like anchoring devices, as will be described more in detail hereinafter.

The grooved channels of shapes may be so cona figured and arranged as to provide locking means for abutting wall members in conjunction with suitable keys, or they may be so formed as to provide means for receiving longitudinal stifiening inserts having a variety of forms, as will be 10 set forth more in detail hereinafter.

The channel members, while preferably of cold rolled steel, of relatively light gauge, may also be made from hot rolled steel or other suitable metal, such as aluminum, copper, duralumin and other 15 light weight structural alloys. The thickness of metal to be used for this purpose will depend, of course, upon the size of the finished wall structure and the purpose to which it is to be put.

Partitions or walls made from the novel compcsite members herein described, may be readily assembled and require but a skim finish of gypsum plaster or the like to complete the wall or partition. Owing to the inherent structural rigidity of the members and the relatively light weight finish coat required to be applied thereto, the total weight of the finished wall is comparatively low as compared with other light constructions involving the use of spaced wall supports of metal or wooden laths having a thick coat of plaster, as well as a substantially thick finish coat.

A finished partition wall made according to the present invention, will be substantially one and three-eighths inches thick, as compared with a wall made from plaster board mounted on wooden 535 frames, or gypsum block constructions, which constructions normally attain a thickness of from. four to five inches.

In the accompanying drawings there has been disclosed an embodiment of the present invention, 40 in which Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a finished wall including a plurality of composite slab members;

Fig. 2 is a horizontal section through a pair of abutting members showing the method of support;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a locking member;

Fig. 4 is aperspective view partly in section of an edge of the slab showing the bonded support; to

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4, showing a modification of supporting means; and

Figs. 6, '7 and 8 are horizontal sections through pairs of abutting members showing modified supporting and key constructions.

The composite members of the present invention comprise generally, a pair of opposed gypsum slabs 1, having the usual paper coating 2 therearound. These members are provided with a supporting'mesh 3 of wire rods 4 spaced in any suitable dimensions, and are embedded in a filling of gypsum cement 5, which may be of any suitable composition, depending upon the time of set desired. As above intimated, the composite members are provided with lateral protecting devices 6, of metal. These members are centrally channeled as indicated at '7, which channel fits in between the members 1 and is itself embedded in the cement 5. The members 6 are crimped or otherwise compressed onto the exterior surfaces of the composite slab members, as indicated generally at 8, and they may be provided with serrated flanges 9, adapted to engage and penetrate the body of the slab members 1. It will, of course, be appreciated that the serrated edges may be dispensed with, as shown in Fig. 5.

Referring to Fig. 5, it will be noted that certain of the wire or rod supports may be substituted by ridged metallic members 10. These members, due to their configuration, provide stiffening members for the constructions and are readily and economically fabricated. The usual cross members 11 may comprise wires or rods of any suitable material, the rib supports being perforated, as indicated at 12, to receive them. While it is possible to provide the members 10 with notches adapted to receive other like members of similar configuration, it is preferred to use the perforated structures'with the wires or rods threaded therethrough, as the notching of the members destroys their longitudinal rigidity.

The composite slab members just described are assembled in any desired manner and preferably, as shown in Fig. 1 by using anchoring devices 15 in a manner now to be described. The anchoring devices comprise a central rib 16, and integral lateral flanges 17 which may be provided with apertures 18 adapted to receive nails or screws.-

In assembling, a composite slab member 20 is abutted against a wall and properly aligned. Anchors 15 are then inserted in the channels 7 at the top and bottom of the composite slab in such a manner that the edges 19 of the anchors are forced well into the channels '7. The anchors are then nailed or screwed in place, thus holding the slab fixedly in position. Another slab is abutted against the anchor and is itself anchored at the opposite edge in the same manner. It will be seen that by means of the anchors 15 the composite slabs are secured at both top and bottom and are prevented from both longitudinal and lateral movement.

Referring more specifically to Fig. 6, the channel members may be provided with the usual lateral flanges 8 and a half-cross central channel 30 having lateral flange portions 31. When-a pair of these members are abutted it will be seen that they form a substantial cross-shaped central portion 32. Into this central cross-shaped space 32 a stiffening or supporting member 33 may be fitted to give a desired longitudinal rigidity to the walls. The insert 33 will be engaged top and bottom by the anchoring device 15. The construction shown in Fig. '7 is similar to Fig. 6, with the exception that the central channel portion 40 is generally rectangular in shape and the longitudinal stiffening insert 41, which may be a rectangular tube member, is conformed thereto. The

flanges 8 may be provided with the usual gripping portions 9 adapted to be bent in gripping contact with the ball members.

In the construction shown in Fig. 8 the members 8 are provided with central keyways 50 adapted to receive spring key members 51 comprising opposed cylindrical members joined by an intermediate expansible web section. -This construction permits a very accurate and firm joining of abutted wall members and provides an extraordinary amount of longitudinal and lateral stability.

When a wall or partition has been thus assembled a skim coat of gypsum plaster or any other suitable material may be applied. However, if desired, the gypsum finish coat may be eliminated and any of the usual plastic decorative finishes substituted in its stead. This permits a marked possibility in the use of this material as it can be made to harmonize with any of the known wall finishes without requiring added labor or material.

It will now be appreciated that there has been provided an improved partition or wall structural member comprising abutted gypsum panels joined by an interposed cementing medium in which may be anchored or embedded metallic stiffening agents, the composite wall members being provided with metallic edge channels designed to receive anchoring devices at the top and bottom thereof, as well as to receive longitudinal stiffening and/or locking members of suitable configuration.

While certain novel features of the invention have been shown and described and are pointed out in the annexed claims, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the devices illustrated and in its operating may be made by those skilled in the art or without departing from the spirit of the invention.

What 1 claim, is: v

1. A composite wall member comprising a pair of gypsum slabs, a metallic reinforcing member of spaced rods disposed between the slabs and inwardly of the edges thereof, a hardened cementitious material joining the slabs and embedding the reinforcing members and substantially coextensive in area with the said reinforcing members, thereby forming an edge channel in the composite member, and a channeled metallic member disposed in the so-formed channel between the slabs and secured to the member at the edges thereof.

2. A composite wall member comprising at least two gypsum slabs having a ribbed metallic reinforcing member of spaced rods therebetween, a cementitious material joining said slabs and embedding the reinforcing member, the said cementitious insert terminating short of the edge of the slabs so as to form an edge channel between said slabs, a metallic channel member fitting in said channel and having integral flanges overlying and secured to the exposed edges of the slab.

3. A composite wall member comprising a pair of opposed paper-covered gypsum slabs, a ribbed metallic reinforcing member of spaced rods therebetween, a cementitious material in contact with the said slabs and the reinforcing member, the said material terminating short of the edges of the slabs so as to form an edge channel between said slabs, a metallic channel member fitting in said channel and having integral flanges overlying and abutting the exposed edges of the slabs.

4. A composite wall member comprising a pair of opposed paper-covered gypsum slabs, a ribbed metallic reinforcing member of spaced rods therebetween, a cementitious material in contact with the said slabs and the reinforcing member and inwardly of the edges of the composite member, thereby defining a channel between the said edges, and a channeled metal member disposed between theedges of the slabs, the base of said channel abutting the edge of the cementitious material, and the free edges of the channel being bent over in gripping contact with the outside edges of said slabs.

5. A composite wall member comprising a pair of opposed paper-covered gypsum slabs, a ribbed metallic reinforcing member of spaced rods therebetween, a cementitious material in contact with said slabs and the reinforcing member and inwardly of the edges of the composite member thereby defining a channel between said edges, and a channeled metallic member disposed between the edges of the slabs and overlying and abutting the exposed faces of the slabs and secured thereto.

6. An improved wall construction comprising a plurality of abutting bound plastered wall members, said wall members having aligned abutting channeled metallic edges, and anchoring devices fitting in said aligned and abutting channels at the top and bottom thereof and secured respectively to the floor and ceiling.

'7. An improved wall construction comprising a plurality of abutting wall members, said wall members having aligned and abutting channeled metal edges, anchoring devices fitting in said aligned abutting channels on the top and bottom thereof and secured respectively to the floor and ceiling whereby to prevent lateral and longitudinal movement of the abutting wall members.

8. An improved wall construction comprising a plurality of abutted wall members, said members comprising a pair of gypsum slabs having an interposed metallic reinforcing member, the whole being bonded by a gypsum cement, the said members having channeled edges provided with a metallic overlay, anchoring devices in said abutting channels at the top and bottom thereof and secured respectively to the floor and ceiling.

9. An improved wall construction comprising a plurality of abutted Wall members, said wall members comprising a pair of gypsum slabs having an interposed ribbed metallic reinforcing member, the whole being bonded by a gypsum cement, the said members having channeled edges provided with a metallic overlay; anchoring devices in said abutting channels at the top and bottom thereof and secured respectively to the floor and ceiling.

10. An improved wall construction comprising a plurality of abutting bound plastered wall members, said wall members having aligned abutting channeled metallic edges, and anchoring devices forming longitudinal stiffening members fitting in said aligned and abutting channels at the top and bottom thereof and secured respectively to the floor and ceiling, the said channeled edges being so configured and arranged as to engage the longitudinal stiffening members.

11. An improved wall construction comprising a plurality of abutting bound plastered wall members, said wall members having aligned abutting channeled metallic edges, and anchoring devices. fitting in said aligned and abutting channels at i the top and bottom thereof and secured respec tively to the floor and ceiling, the said channeled edges being so configured and arranged as to provide keyways for longitudinal keying members.

12. A composite wall member comprising a pair of gypsum slabs, a metallic reinforcing member of spaced rods disposed between the slabs and inwardly of the edges thereof, a hardened cementitious material joining the slabs and embedding the reinforcing members and substantially coextensive in area with the said reinforcing members, thereby forming an edge channel in the composite member, and a channeled metallic member disposed in the so-formed channel between the slabs and secured to the member at the edges thereof, the said channel member being so formed as to provide a key-way for locking keys.

GUY F. KOTRBATY.

US1990656A 1933-11-14 1933-11-14 Self-sustaining partition Expired - Lifetime US1990656A (en)

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US1990656A US1990656A (en) 1933-11-14 1933-11-14 Self-sustaining partition
FR786574A FR786574A (en) 1933-11-14 1935-02-11 Improvements to composite walls of the elements, their manufacture and walls auxconstructions made by means of said elements

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3254464A (en) * 1962-05-07 1966-06-07 Union Carbide Corp Hollow building module of corrugated polyurethane foam sections with elongated edge members
US3808755A (en) * 1971-09-07 1974-05-07 British Steel Corp Industrialised building structure
US3861101A (en) * 1972-03-13 1975-01-21 Hubert James Whisson Fabricated partitions
US4306396A (en) * 1979-02-05 1981-12-22 Arnaldo Iotti Laminated partition for building applications
US4649682A (en) * 1984-07-23 1987-03-17 Barrett Jr Dave D Prefabricated building panel and method
US5007222A (en) * 1988-11-14 1991-04-16 Raymond Harry W Foamed building panel including an internally mounted stud
NL1001584C2 (en) * 1995-11-07 1997-05-13 Jan Teunis Hartkamp Method for the production of prefabricated building elements, prefabricated building components, a process for assembling a housing of such building components, and a housing.
WO2000036243A1 (en) * 1998-12-11 2000-06-22 Lopez De Lacalle Felipe Garcia Modular integral construction system for solid wood buildings
US20040026525A1 (en) * 2002-05-20 2004-02-12 Joachim Fiedrich In radiant wall and ceiling hydronic room heating or cooling systems, using tubing that is fed hot or cold water, the tubing is embedded in gypsum or cement wallboard in intimate thermal contact therewith so that the wallboard heats or cools the room
US20050204696A1 (en) * 2003-04-07 2005-09-22 B&H Coatings, Inc. Shrapnel containment system and method for producing same
US20080092731A1 (en) * 2004-12-01 2008-04-24 Life Shield Engineered Systems, Llc Shrapnel and projectile containment systems and equipment and methods for producing same
US20080092730A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2008-04-24 Bruce Hall Shrapnel and projectile containment systems and equipment and methods for producing same
US7665264B1 (en) * 2001-02-20 2010-02-23 Wolfe Michael J Metal-faced building panels having angled projections in longitudinal edge recesses for mating with locking ramps on flanges of concealed I-shaped connector
US20100293868A1 (en) * 2009-02-26 2010-11-25 Leonard Holzworth Modular and portable target range shelter
US20110126484A1 (en) * 2009-01-20 2011-06-02 Skidmore Owings & Merrill Llp Precast wall panels and method of erecting a high-rise building using the panels
US8039102B1 (en) 2007-01-16 2011-10-18 Berry Plastics Corporation Reinforced film for blast resistance protection
US20130227902A1 (en) * 2012-03-01 2013-09-05 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital Llc Structural panel and method for making same
US20140026507A1 (en) * 2011-04-08 2014-01-30 Oscar Rubio Alsonso Modular Frontage
US9790406B2 (en) 2011-10-17 2017-10-17 Berry Plastics Corporation Impact-resistant film

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3254464A (en) * 1962-05-07 1966-06-07 Union Carbide Corp Hollow building module of corrugated polyurethane foam sections with elongated edge members
US3808755A (en) * 1971-09-07 1974-05-07 British Steel Corp Industrialised building structure
US3861101A (en) * 1972-03-13 1975-01-21 Hubert James Whisson Fabricated partitions
US4306396A (en) * 1979-02-05 1981-12-22 Arnaldo Iotti Laminated partition for building applications
US4649682A (en) * 1984-07-23 1987-03-17 Barrett Jr Dave D Prefabricated building panel and method
US5007222A (en) * 1988-11-14 1991-04-16 Raymond Harry W Foamed building panel including an internally mounted stud
NL1001584C2 (en) * 1995-11-07 1997-05-13 Jan Teunis Hartkamp Method for the production of prefabricated building elements, prefabricated building components, a process for assembling a housing of such building components, and a housing.
WO1997017506A1 (en) * 1995-11-07 1997-05-15 Teunis Jan Hartkamp Method of manufacturing prefabricated building components, prefabricated building components, method of constructing a dwelling from building components of this kind and a dwelling
WO2000036243A1 (en) * 1998-12-11 2000-06-22 Lopez De Lacalle Felipe Garcia Modular integral construction system for solid wood buildings
ES2151433A1 (en) * 1998-12-11 2000-12-16 Lopez De Lacalle Felipe Garcia integrated modular system construction of buildings in solid wood.
US7665264B1 (en) * 2001-02-20 2010-02-23 Wolfe Michael J Metal-faced building panels having angled projections in longitudinal edge recesses for mating with locking ramps on flanges of concealed I-shaped connector
US20040026525A1 (en) * 2002-05-20 2004-02-12 Joachim Fiedrich In radiant wall and ceiling hydronic room heating or cooling systems, using tubing that is fed hot or cold water, the tubing is embedded in gypsum or cement wallboard in intimate thermal contact therewith so that the wallboard heats or cools the room
US20050204696A1 (en) * 2003-04-07 2005-09-22 B&H Coatings, Inc. Shrapnel containment system and method for producing same
US8713865B2 (en) 2003-04-07 2014-05-06 Life Shield Engineered Systems, Llc Shrapnel containment system and method for producing same
US8316613B2 (en) * 2003-04-07 2012-11-27 Life Shield Engineered Systems, Llc Shrapnel containment system and method for producing same
US8151687B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2012-04-10 Life Shield Engineered Systems, Llc Shrapnel and projectile containment systems and equipment and methods for producing same
US20080092730A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2008-04-24 Bruce Hall Shrapnel and projectile containment systems and equipment and methods for producing same
US7886651B2 (en) 2004-11-02 2011-02-15 Life Shield Engineering Systems, LLC Shrapnel and projectile containment systems and equipment and methods for producing same
US20100147142A1 (en) * 2004-11-02 2010-06-17 Life Shield Engineered Systems, Llc Shrapnel and projectile containment systems and equipment and methods for producing same
US8245619B2 (en) 2004-12-01 2012-08-21 Life Shield Engineered Systems, Llc Shrapnel and projectile containment systems and equipment and methods for producing same
US20080092731A1 (en) * 2004-12-01 2008-04-24 Life Shield Engineered Systems, Llc Shrapnel and projectile containment systems and equipment and methods for producing same
US8039102B1 (en) 2007-01-16 2011-10-18 Berry Plastics Corporation Reinforced film for blast resistance protection
US20110126484A1 (en) * 2009-01-20 2011-06-02 Skidmore Owings & Merrill Llp Precast wall panels and method of erecting a high-rise building using the panels
US8631616B2 (en) * 2009-01-20 2014-01-21 Skidmore Owings & Merrill Llp Precast wall panels and method of erecting a high-rise building using the panels
US20100293868A1 (en) * 2009-02-26 2010-11-25 Leonard Holzworth Modular and portable target range shelter
US8479464B2 (en) * 2009-02-26 2013-07-09 Leonard Holzworth Modular and portable target range shelter
US20140026507A1 (en) * 2011-04-08 2014-01-30 Oscar Rubio Alsonso Modular Frontage
US9790406B2 (en) 2011-10-17 2017-10-17 Berry Plastics Corporation Impact-resistant film
US20130227902A1 (en) * 2012-03-01 2013-09-05 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital Llc Structural panel and method for making same
US9309671B2 (en) * 2012-03-01 2016-04-12 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Structural panel and method for making same

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