US2628715A - Palletized shipping structure - Google Patents

Palletized shipping structure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2628715A
US2628715A US108410A US10841049A US2628715A US 2628715 A US2628715 A US 2628715A US 108410 A US108410 A US 108410A US 10841049 A US10841049 A US 10841049A US 2628715 A US2628715 A US 2628715A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
tray
articles
top
bottom
trays
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US108410A
Inventor
Larry J Budd
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PALLET DEVICES Inc
Original Assignee
PALLET DEVICES Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by PALLET DEVICES Inc filed Critical PALLET DEVICES Inc
Priority to US108410A priority Critical patent/US2628715A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2628715A publication Critical patent/US2628715A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D71/00Bundles of articles held together by packaging elements for convenience of storage or transport, e.g. portable segregating carrier for plural receptacles such as beer cans or pop bottles; Bales of material
    • B65D71/0088Palletisable loads, i.e. loads intended to be transported by means of a fork-lift truck
    • B65D71/0092Palletisable loads, i.e. loads intended to be transported by means of a fork-lift truck provided with one or more rigid supports, at least one dimension of the supports corresponding to a dimension of the load, e.g. skids
    • B65D71/0096Palletisable loads, i.e. loads intended to be transported by means of a fork-lift truck provided with one or more rigid supports, at least one dimension of the supports corresponding to a dimension of the load, e.g. skids the dimensions of the supports corresponding to the periphery of the load, e.g. pallets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D57/00Internal frames or supports for flexible articles, e.g. stiffeners; Separators for articles packaged in stacks or groups, e.g. for preventing adhesion of sticky articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2571/00Bundles of articles held together by packaging elements for convenience of storage or transport, e.g. portable segregating carrier for plural receptacles such as beer cans, pop bottles; Bales of material
    • B65D2571/00006Palletisable loads, i.e. loads intended to be transported by means of a fork-lift truck
    • B65D2571/00037Bundles surrounded by carton blanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2571/00Bundles of articles held together by packaging elements for convenience of storage or transport, e.g. portable segregating carrier for plural receptacles such as beer cans, pop bottles; Bales of material
    • B65D2571/00006Palletisable loads, i.e. loads intended to be transported by means of a fork-lift truck
    • B65D2571/00055Clapping elements, also placed on the side
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2571/00Bundles of articles held together by packaging elements for convenience of storage or transport, e.g. portable segregating carrier for plural receptacles such as beer cans, pop bottles; Bales of material
    • B65D2571/00006Palletisable loads, i.e. loads intended to be transported by means of a fork-lift truck
    • B65D2571/00111Arrangements of lexible binders

Description

Feb. 17, I953 L. J. BUDD PALLETIZED sKIPPING STRUCTURE 3 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Aug. 3, 1949 Fe 17, 1953 L. J. BUDD 2,628,715

"PALLETIZED SHIPPING STRUCTURE 3 Sheets-Sheet '2 Filed Aug. 3, 1949 1mm 56 4 1111115 \AVZQ 36 mum i l 25/ 3 I! Feb. 17, 1953 L. J. BUDD 52,5z8i715 PALLETIZED SHIPPING STRUCTURE- Filed Aug. 3, 1949 3 Sheets-Shaet 3 UNITED STATES i ATENT OFFICE PALLETIZED SHIPPING STRUCTURE Larry J. Budd, Chicago, 11L, assignor to Pallet Devices, Inc, Bes Plaines, IlL, a, corporation of Iiiinois Application August 3, 1949, Serial No. 108,410

10 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in palletized shipping structures and it consists of the matters hereinafter described and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

The packing for shipment of certain industrial items, from their point of origin to the point of assembly with other correlated items, presents difliculties which are increased when such items are of an irregular shape or contour and which have a surface finish that enhances the appearance thereof. As an example of such an item of irregular shape and having a special surface finish, the base member of certain motor driven domestic mixers is mentioned. Such a base member includes a relatively wide base portion and an upstanding body or column of considerable height.

Bases of this kind must reach the point of assembly free of scratches or other blemishes in the surface finish thereof, which would cause their rejection. Therefore, such items must be packed and handled with care, and heretofore have often been wrapped or boxed individually. This, of course, requires much labor and material and increases the cost thereof which, in turn, is reflected in the selling price of the article of which the item forms a part.

One of the objects or the present invention is 'to provide a unitary palletized structure for the shipment of a number of items of the same kind and wherein such items are so disposed in the structure and relatively to each other that they cannot shift laterally to contact or engage one another, thus avoiding danger of chipping or otherwise marring or damaging the same.

Another object of the invention is to provide a structure of this kind, wherein portions of the articles in certain of the packed trays thereof may project upwardly above the top thereof and into the tray above to nest within similar portions of the articles at the bottom of the tray above and in a manner preventing contact between the nested portions.

Also it is an object of the invention to provide in a structure of this kind, a novel combined article container and separator member wherein a number oi the packed articles may be disposed between the sheets of each member and another number of such articles may be disposed between adjacent members in a stack in a tray and this in such a manner that the articles cannot become skewed the tray and cannot come into contact with each other, thus eliminating danger of nicking, scratching or otherwise marring the surface finish or the articles.

2 The above mentioned advantages of the invention, along with others, as well as the several advantages thereof, will more fully appear as the specification proceeds.

til!

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a palletized shipping structure embodying the preferred form of the invention.

Fig. 2 is a view in side elevation of the structure on a scale enlarged over that of Fig. 1, with portions of the side thereof broken away better to show thetiered or stacked arrangement of the articles therein.

3 is a perspective view of one of a number of counterpart articles packed in structures shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

Fig. i. is a view of one of a number of blanks employed in the structure, foldable upon itself to provide a combined article container and separator.

Fig. 5 is a plan view of the blank shown in Fig. 4 when folded upon itself to function as a container for a plurality of the articles and as a separator and whereby the articles contained therein are separated, at least in part, from the articles above and below.

7 5 is a detail sectional view of parts shown in Fig. 5 as taken on the line 66 thereof.

Fig. '7 is a detail view in elevation of a plurality of combined article containers and separators and more particularly shows their relative arrangement in the structure, in connection with a number of the articles.

Fig. 8 is a perspective View of one of a plurality 3 of trays or containers employed in the structure with parts of a side wall and end wall broken away for illustrative purposes, the scale of said figure being substantially the same as that of Fig. 4.

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary view in plan showing one of a number of areas in each combined article container and separator and in the bottom of certain of the trays employed in the structure, on a scale enlarged over that of Fig. 4 and particularly shows the manner in which said area is die cut to provide bendable fingers therein and which will be more fully referred to later.

Fig. 10 is a detail vertical sectional view through a portion of the tray appearing in Fig. 8 as taken on the line lfiii! and on a scale enlarged thereover, and particularly shows the relative positions of parts of the articles above and below the tray bottom and which will be more fully referred to later.

Fig. 11 is a perspective view of a paperboard 3 filler or space occupying member for disposition between the bases of the items at the top of the structure and the cover thereof for flush en agement by parts of said cover for the support of the same.

The present invention is more especially concerned with palletized shipping structures for a number of counterpart articles, each including a base with an upstanding body toward one end thereof.

In general the structure comprises a pallet ineluding a platform with laterally spaced supports on the bottom thereof, a number of open top article or item packed trays, with the first tray engaged on the platform of the pallet and with the others, arranged in stacked relation thereon.

The second and third trays each have a depending bottom fiange that embraces the top margin of the tray below. With this arrangement the packed trays cannot shift relatively. The open top of the uppermost tray is preferably closed by a suitable cover.

The bottom of the second tray, as well as the bottom of the third tray are die cut in certain predetermined areas to provide therein, groups of inwardly directed parts which may be bent upwardly as fingers. These areas however are not necessary in the bottom of the first tray and in the illustrated construction have not been provided.

In connection with each tray, there is employed a plurality of combined article container and separator members each formed of paperboard material to provide upper and lower spaced apart sheets. These members are each as long as the associated tray is wide and each is of such width that a number of them, laid side by side, approximate the length of the tray with which they are used.

The sheets of each member are die cut in certain areas to provide the same kind of fingers, that are present in the bottom of the second and third trays, and these areas are so disposed in said sheets as to register with each other as well as to register with the like areas, before mentioned, in the bottom of the tray with which the respective members are used.

The trays each have a shape and area that correspond to the shape and area of the platform of the pallet within the flanges thereof and which flanges are later turned upwardly to prevent a lateral shifting of the first or bottommost tray.

In making u the palletized structure, the first tray is placed with its bottom engaged flatwise upon the platform of the pallet within the flanges thereof and then filled to the top, with the articles in place between the sheets of each combined container and separator member and between the opposed sheets of adjacent members, the members being disposed in side by side, vertically disposed stacks. When the tray is thus packed, the top surface of the bases of the articles or items in the upper layer or tier is substantially flush with the top edges of the sides and the ends of the first tray and the bodies or necks of said articles project above said edges.

The second tray is then placed upon the open top of the first one, with its bottom engaged on the top edges of the first tray and with its bottom marginal fiange surrounding the top margins of the sides and the ends of the first tray. When so disposed upon said first tray, the die cut areas of the bottom of the second tray, register with the upstanding necks or bodies of the articles in 4 the top layer or tier of articles in the first tray. By imposin hand pressure upon the bottom of the second tray, the top ends of said necks or bodies before mentioned, push the fingers in the areas of the bottom of the second tray upwardly to extend up through said bottom of the second tray. In this operation, said fingers arrange themselves upon portions of said necks or bodies to protect them against direct engagement with the necks or bodies of the articles in the first layer in said second tray and which nest with said portions of the necks of the articles in the top layer of the first tray.

The second tray is then packed with articles in connection with combined containers and separator members in the manner of packing the first tray. When the second tray is thus packed, the necks or bodies of the articles in the first tier project above the top edges of the sides and the ends of the second tray just as in the case of the first tray.

The top tray (third tray in the illustration) is of a depth greater than that of the second tray by an amount approximating the height of the neck or body of an article. This third tray is placed upon the second tray in the same way as the latter is placed upon the first tray. When the bottom of the third or top tray is hand pressed downwardly, the necks of the articles in the top tier of the second tray will be projected up through the die out areas of the bottom of the third tray, as before mentioned in connection with the second tray.

The packing of the third tray is then carried out in connection with the combined article container and separator members as before and. when fully packed, the top ends of the necks or bodies of the articles in the top layer or tier thereof, are disposed substantially flush with the top edge of the sides and the ends of said third tray. Thus there is a space at the top of the third tray between said edges of the sides and ends thereof and the top of the bases of the articles in that layer. There is then placed upon said bases of said articles, a number of tubular fillers made of suitably scored and folded paper board, and these fillers take up said space so that their top surfaces are flush with the top edges of the sides and the ends of said third or top tray.

A flanged cover may then be placed upon the open top of said third tray to close the same and the major area thereof rests on the fillers. Thereafter a plurality of suitable tensioned members such as metallic strapping or banding are applied to the thus far assembled structure to surround the same, longitudinally as well as transversely, and to not only secure the cover to the top tray but to secure the stack of packed trays and the pallet together as a unitary structure.

Referring now in detail to that embodiment of the invention illustrated in the drawings, the improved palletized shipping structure includes a pallet 20, a plurality of open top trays 2|, 22 and 23, vertically stacked thereon with each tray having associated therewith a plurality of article containing and separating members 24, a cover 25 for the open top of the topmost tray in the stack and some means whereby the pallet, the trays and the cover are bound together as a composite structure.

Preferably, the pallet is of the kind which includes a rectangular platform 26 made of paperboard stock and which is provided along its four margins with flange extensions 21 foldable into an upright condition along scored lines by which said flange extensions are joined to the platform. On the underside of this platform are rows of laterally spaced supports 23 thereby providing between said rows in two directions passageways for the entry of the arms (not shown) of a lift truck. Preferably said supports are in the form of relatively short rigid pieces of paper tubing secured to the platform in any suitable manner.

The trays 2i, 22 and 23 are made of suitable paperboard stock, each having a plane area approximately the sarne as the platform 25 of the pallet. The tray 2! which is hereinafter re ferred to as the first tray of the stack has bottom 29 that rests flatly upon the platform 2%, within its flanges 27, and sides and ends and 3| respectively. Preferably the tray is formed by folding a cut and scored blank (not shown) into tray form, the sides and ends being secured in any suitable manner. As illustrated, the bottom 2| of said tray has no die out areas therein such as are embodied in trays 22 and 23. Tray 22 will be referred to later as the second and tray 23 as the third or top tray.

Within the first tray is located a plurality of vertical stacks of the combined container separator members 2:3 for the packing of a nllZl'l" ber of counterpart articles 35 and one of which appears in perspective in Fig. 3. The specific article shown in Fig. 3 is the base of a motor driven, domestic mixing apparatus and it includes a flat, substantially egg shaped base portion 33 and an upstanding hollow integral body or neck 31 on the smaller end or" the base portion. Such a base has a surface finish generally of high luster and usually an enameled coating, which if scratched, nicked or otherwise marred, would cause its rejection at the point of its assembly with other parts to produce a mixing apparatus usually referred to as a mixer.

Irregularly shaped articles are difficult to pack because of their shape. In some instances, it has been the practice to individually wrap or box each article separately to protect the surface finish thereof against damage this, of course adds to the cost of the finished mixer.

Each member 24l'is desi ned to correlate with both the trays and the articles and it is made from a blank shown in Fig. 4. Each bl which is made of a rectangular piece of board, is as wide as the trays El, 22 and 23 with which it is used and is of a length apnrosii'r in twice the length of the article plus the thickness or depth of the base portion thereof. Eaid blank is provided with a pair of laterally lines 4|, spaced apart a distance appthe depth of said base portion and tl divide the blank into relatively wide end panels panel 53. When the end panels l2-=2 are folded along the lines t! into superpos a ..llel rela tion, they are spaced apart a theta cv that corresponds to the width of the central In each wide panel of the spaced apart areas it, one on a larger scale in 9. approxi mates an egg in shape (corresponding to th eral shape of part of the article to be the tray) and its outline is defined by a scor line 46. Each area is slit through on patterned lines 4'! to define a plurality of portions 43 and a portion 655 respectively, the latter extending centrally and longitudinally of the area and b ingthe largest of said portions. All of said por- Iii) tions 48-49 are bendable upwardly along the line 43 to form upstanding fingers, as best appears in Fig. 7.

The second tray 22, which best appears in perspective in Fig. 8, includes a bottom Ell and upright sides and ends til-52. The bottom portions of said sides and ends are folded upon themselves and then suitably stapled at 53 to form double thickness flanges 54 that extend below the bottom 58 of the tray. These flanges are so correlated with respect to the upper margin of the sides and ends of the first tray as to fit therearound and embrace the same, as best appears in Figs. 2 and 10 respectively.

In the bottom of this tray, so as to register with the areas of three of the combined container and separators, when arranged side by side, are similar areas 45a which are counterparts of the areas 45 shown on enlarged scale in Fig. 9. The parts of the areas 45a bear the same numerals as those in the areas 45. The sides and ends of this tray equal in height the stack of articles and combined container and separators therein so that When this tray is packed the top sheet of the top members 26% therein is flush with the top edges of the sides and ends of the tray. as appears in Fig. 2.

The third tray includes a bottom 55 and upright sides and ends 56 and 5'! respectively and is provided with flanges 58 similar to the flanges 54 of the second tray. Also in the bottom 55 of said third tray are areas similar to and arranged on the same pattern as the areas 45a in the bottom of the second tray. This third tray is substantially a counterpart with respect to the second tray with the exception that the sides and ends 56-5'l have a greater depth by an amount approximating the height of the neck or body 3? of the'articles packed in order that the same number of articles may be packed therein.

When this third or top tray is packed with the articles 35 and members 24, the top edges of the neck or body of all the articles in the top tier are flush with the top edges of the sides and ends of the tray. This disposes the top sheet of the top members 24 in the tray, below the plane of the top edges of the sides and ends of the tray,

so that a space is thus present which is occupied by fillers 80, the top surfaces of which are flush with the top edges of the sides and ends of the tray.

One of these fillers 69 appears in Fig. 11 and it is made of a suitably cut and scored blank foldable into a rectangular hollow tubular structure. There are two of such fillers employed in each structure along with the third narrower one 51 and a fourth and still narrower one 62, as best appears in Fig. 2.

When the cover is placed upon the third (top) tray it rests flatly upon the top edges of the sides and ends of the tray, as well as upon the top edges of the article necks or bodies 31 and upon the top surfaces of the fillers 60, 6| and :52 with its flange surrounding the top marof t e sides and ends of the tray.

In building up a complete shippin structure, the bottomtray 3! is disposed upon the platform 25 of the pallet fail within the upturned flanges 2? thereof. A. pair of articles are disposed in laterally spaced relation upon the bottom of the tray in positions corresponding to alternate areas A5 of the members 24. The lower sheet of a member 26 is then applied and is hand pressed downwardly so that the necks 31 of the articles, which line up with two of such areas in the lower sheet, push up through said areas in one member and bend the parts 46 and 49 thereof into upstanding fingers disposed about said neck. Another pair of articles 35 is disposed upon the first sheet, but ofiset laterally from the first mentioned pair, so that the necks thereof register with the intermediate areas 45 of said sheet. This offset arrangement of the articles in adjacent tiers in a stack appears best in Fig. 5.

The top sheet of the first member is then folded down upon the articles of the second tier and in hand pressing the same downwardly, the necks of said articles push up through the areas 45 of the top sheet of said member.

A third pair of articles are disposed upon the top sheet of the first member 24 in line with the articles in the first tier and this procedure is repeated until one stack of articles 35 and members 24 is completed. At this time, the top sheet of the top member 24 is flush with the top edges of the sides and ends of the first tray and the necks or bodies 31 of the articles in the top tier project above said edges. Other stacks of members 24 with articles 35 between the sheets thereof are thus built up in the same way to flll or load this tray. When the first tray is thus packed, the articles are securely held against shifting and against engagement with one another, with the necks of the articles in one tier nesting in the necks of the articles in the tier above but prevented from engagement therewith by the fingers formed by the parts 4849 of the area, as appears in Fig. 10.

The second tray 22 is now placed in position upon the first tray and at this time the necks of the articles in the top tier of the first tray register with certain of the areas 45a in the bottom 50 of the second tray. Downward hand pressure is then imposed upon the bottom of the second tray and this forces the necks 31 of the articles in the top tier of the first tray to push up through said areas 45a in the bottom of the second tray and the parts 46 and 49 of said areas then form fingers that arrange themselves around said necks. This hand pressure is imposed to the extent necessary to position the margins of the bottom thereof, upon the top edges of the sides and ends of the first tray, with the flanges 54 of said second trayin embracing relation with respect to the top margins of the sides and ends of the first tray, as appears in Fig. 2.

The second tray 22 is then packed with articles 35 and members 24 in the manner set forth in connection with the first tray.. When the second tray is thus packed the top sheets of the members 24 in the top tier are flush with the top edges of the sides and ends of the second tray and the necks 31 of the articles 35 in said top tier project above said edges.

The third tray 23 is then placed upon the top of the second tray and hand pressure on the bottom of the third tray will fit it thereon, as before described, with the necks of the articles in the top tier of the second tray projecting up through the associated areas in the bottom of the third tray. The stacks of articles 35 and members 24 are then built up in the third tray and when so built up the top edges of the necks 31 of the articles in the top tier are flush with the top and bottom edges of the sides and ends of the top tray. The top sheets of the members 24 in the top tier are now disposed below said edges and the fillers 60, 60, 6| and 62 are then 8 disposed upon said top sheets to fill up the space between said sheets and the top edges of said sides and ends of the top tray.

The cover 25 is then applied to the open top of the top tray to close the same, after which tension bands 65 are applied, to pass under the platform of the pallet in two directions, up about the sides and ends of the trays 2|, 22 and 23, and across the cover 25 in two directions. These bands hold the assembled parts together as a unitary structure such as appears in Fig. 1. The bands may be brought to the proper tension by the use of a conventional banding tool and the overlapped ends then sealed.

A structure, of this kind, is solid and strong and may be handled with the usual lift trucks and will not be damaged thereby or when stacked one upon the other in storage. When the structure reaches the place where the articles contained therein are required for use, the bands 65 are cut, the cover 25 is removed and ready access is had for unpacking the articles in the top tray. When this tray is empty it is removed from the second tray to expose the articles therein for unpacking and when the second tray is empty its removal exposes the first tray for unpacking.

If more than three trays are desired in the structure, more trays which are counterparts of the second tray, are used.

In the illustrated structure, the bottom, intermediate and top trays are not exactly alike. If desired, however, one form of tray such as 22 may be used throughout. If such a tray were used for the bottom tray, the bottom 50 would be spaced slightly above the member 26 of the pallet but the part 54 could be disposed within the flange 2! of the pallet.

Of course, while the tray bottom would have areas 45a (like 45) therein they simply would not be used in the case of the first or lowermost tray.

Also, if but one form of tray were used throughout, and the height were the same, then obviously, with respect to the packing of the article illustrated, fewer would be accommodated in the top tray because of the necessity of inserting members such as 60, 60, 6| and 62.

While in describing the invention I have referred in detail to the parts involved as well as to the packing and assembly of the trays, the same is to be considered only in the illustrative sense and, therefore, I do not wish to be limited thereto except as may be specifically set forth in the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a package structure for a plurality of counterpart articles each having a flat base with anupstanding hollow body thereon, said structure embodying therein an open top tray including a bottom and sides and ends, a plurality of separator sheets arranged horizontally in said tray, with spaces between them, each sheet having a row of similarly spaced openings therein, each defined by fingers attached to the sheet, the openings in the row in each sheet registering with the openings in the sheets above and below, a set of laterally spaced articles having their bases disposed in each space between adjacent sheets, with the articles in alternate spaces arranged vertically in line with each other and with the articles in the intermediate spaces arranged vertically in line with each other but offset laterally to a position between the bases of the articles in said alternate spaces, the bodies of the articles in each space extending up 9 through certain of the openings in the sheet above with the fingers of said openings turned upwardly and engaged with said bodies and separating the same from the bodies of the articles in the space above which they nestingly engage.

2. In a package structure for a plurality of counterpart articles each having a fiat base with an upstanding hollow body thereon, said structure embodying therein an open top tray including a bottom and sides and ends, a plurality of separator sheets arranged horizontally in said tray, with spaces between them, each sheet havinga row or" similarly spaced openings therein, each defined by bendable fingers cut from and integral with the sheet, the openings in the rows in each sheet registering with the openings in the sheets above and below, a set of laterally spaced articles having their bases disposed in each space between adjacent sheets with the articles in alternate spaces arranged vertically in line with each other and with the articles in the intermediate spaces arranged vertically in line with each other but oiTset laterally to a position between the bases of the articles in said alternate spaces, the bodies of the articles in each space extending up through certain of the openings in the sheet above with the fingers of said openings turned upwardly and engaged with the bodies of said bases and separating them from the bodies of the articles in the space above and in which they nestingly engage.

3. In a package structure for a plurality of counterpart articles, each having a fiat base with an upstanding hollow body thereon, said structure embodying therein an open top tray including a bottom and sides and ends, a plurality of separator members, each comprising a pair of sheet members joined together along one edge and arranged horizontally in said tray and with spaces between the sheets of each separator member and between adjacent separator members, the sheets of each separator member having a row of similar spaced openings therein, each defined by fingers attached to the respective sheets of each member, the openings in the rows of each sheet registering with the openings in the sheet above and below, a set of laterally spaced articles having their bases disposed in each space between adjacent sheets, with the articles in the spaces between the sheets of each separator member arranged vertically in line with each other and with the articles in the spaces between adjacent members arranged vertically in line with each other but offset laterally to a position between the bases of the articles between the sheets of each separator member, the bodies of the articles in each space extending up through certain of the openings in the sheet above with the fingers of said openings turned upwardly and engaged with said bodies and separating the same from the bodies of the articles in the space above and in which they nestingly engage. I

4. In a package of counterpart articles, each including a flat base and an upstanding hollow body thereon, a plurality of separator members, each comp-rising a plurality of separator sheets joined together for folding into superposed relation with spaces therebetween, each sheet having a row of similar spaced openings therein, each defined by fingers attached to the sheet, the rows of openings in the respective sheets registering with the openings in the sheets above and below, a set of laterally spaced articles having their bases disposed in each space between adjacent sheets, with the articles in alternate spaces arranged vertically in line with each other and with the articles in the intermediate spaces arranged vertically in line with each other but offset laterally to a position between the bases of the articles in the alternate spaces, the bodies of the articles in each space extending up through certain of the openings in the sheet above with the of said openings turned upwardly and engaged with said bodies and separating them from the bodies of the articles in the space above and in which they nestingly engage.

5. A palletized structure for the shipment of articles having a flat base with an upstanding neck thereon, said structure embodying therein a pallet including a platform and supporting means therefor, open top trays arranged as a stack upon said platform of the pallet and each including a bottom and upright sides and ends, said trays being arranged with the bottom of the lowermost one engaged directly on said platform and with the bottom of a tray above engaged upon and supported by the top edges of the sides and ends of the tray below, a plurality of article holders in each tray, each holder comprising upper and lower sheets joined together along one edge, with the sheets of each holder arranged in vertically spaced relation and with the lower sheet of one holder spaced above the upper sheet of the holder below, both sheets of each holder having rows of registering openings each defined by bendable fingers cut from the respective sheets, a set of laterally spaced articles disposed with their bases between the upper and lower sheets of each holder and with the necks thereof extending up through certain of the openings in the upper sheet of the holder, a second set of articles disposed in the spaces between said holders and ofiset laterally to a position between the articles in the holders above and below said space, the necks of the articles in each space extending upwardly through certain of said openings in the lower sheet of the holder above and with the fingers of said openings engaged with said necks and separating the same from the necks of the articles in the next space above and in which they nestingly engage, a cover for the open top of the topmost tray, and means for securing the covered stack of trays and said pallet together as a unitary structure.

6. A palletized structure for the shipment of articles having a fiatbase with an upstanding neck thereon, said structure embodying therein a pallet including a platform and supporting means therefor, open top trays arranged as a stack upon said platform of the pallet and each including a bottom and upright sides and ends, said trays being arranged with the bottom of the lowermost one engaged directly on said platform and with the bottom of a tray above ongaged upon and supported by the top edges of the sides and ends of the traybelow, a plurality of sheets arranged in each tray with spaces therebetween of a depth corresponding to the depth of the bases of said articles, each sheet having a row of similarly spaced openings therein, each defined by bendable fingers attached to the sheet, a set of laterally spaced articles having their bases disposed between adjacent lower and upper sheets with the articles in alternate spaces arranged vertically in line with each other and with the articles in the intermediate spaces offset laterally to a position between the bases of the articles in said alternate spaces, the necks of the articles in each set extending upwardly through certain of said openings in the sheet above, with the fingers of said openings turned upwardly and engaged with said necks and separating th same from the necks of the articles in the space above and in which they nestingly engage, a cover for the open top of the topmost tray, and means for securing the covered stack of trays and said pallet together as a unitary structure.

7. A palletized structure for the shipment of articles having a flat base with an upstanding neck thereon, said structure embodying therein a pallet including a platform and supporting means therefor, open top trays arranged as a stack upon said platform of the pallet and each including a bottom and upright sides and ends, said trays being arranged with the bottom of the lowermost one engaged directly on said platform and with the bottom of a tray above engaged upon and supported by the top edges of the sides and ends of the tray below, a plurality of article holders in each tray, each holder comprising upper and lower sheets joined together along one edge, with the sheets of each holder arranged in vertically spaced relation and with the lower sheet of one holder spaced above the upper sheet of the holder below, both sheets of each holder having rows of registering openings each defined by bendable fingers cut from the respective sheets, a set of laterally spaced articles disposed with their bases between the upper and lower sheets of each holder and with the necks thereof extending up through certain of the openings in the upper sheet of the holder, a second set of articles disposed in the spaces between said holders and offset laterally to a position between the articles in the holders above and below said space, the necks of the articles in each space extending upwardly through certain of said openings in the lower sheet of the holder above and with the fingers of said openings engaged with said necks and separating the same from the necks of the articles in the next space above and in which they nestingly engage, a filler on each uppermost upper holder in the uppermost tray, laterally from said fingers thereof and of a height approximating the height of the necks above the articles in the uppermost space, a cover for the open top of each tray and engaged on said fillers, and means for securing the covered stack of trays and said pallet together as a unitary structure.

8. A palletized shipping container for articles having a base and a hollow embossment projecting therebeyond, comprising a pallet floor, sup-- porting legs depending from the undersurface of said fioor, a plurality of superimposed trays supported on the upper surface of said floor, and a plurality of superimposed rows of dividers extending transversely across the interior of each of said trays; said dividers each including a pair of integrally formed flaps receiving the bases of a row of aligned articles therebetween to separate the bases from those of an adjacent row of articles, said flaps and said trays being each provided with aligned apertures for receiving therethrough the embossments of said articles and circumscribed by defiectible fingers struck from said flaps and said trays respectively and projecting therebeyond to partially surround said embossments, the hollow embossments of adjacent rows of articles being partially telescoped with certain of said fingers interposed therebetween to separate the same.

9. A palletized shipping container for articles having a base and a hollow embossment projecting therebeyond, comprising a pallet floor, supporting legs depending from the undersurface of said floor, a plurality of superimposed trays supported on the upper surface of said floor, a plurality of superimposed rows of dividers extending transversely across the interior of each of said trays, a top surmounting the uppermost or said trays, and flexible binding straps securing said pallet fioor, said trays, and said top into an integral shipping container, said dividers each including a pair of integrally formed flaps receiving the bases of a row of aligned articles therebetween to separate the bases from those of an adjacent row of articles, said flaps and said trays being provided with aligned apertures for receiving therethrough the embossments of said articles and circumscribed by defiectible fingers struck from said flaps and said trays respectively and projecting therebeyond to partially surround said embossments, the hollow embossments of adjacent rows of articles being partially teleseoped with certain of said fingers interposed therebetween to separate the same, and said top contacting the uppermost extremity of those embossments projecting beyond the uppermost of said dividers and being urged thereagainst by said flexible bindin straps to prevent vertical shifting of said articles.

10. A palletized shipping container for articles having a base and a hollow embossment projecting therebeyond, comprising a pallet floor, supporting legs depending from the undersurface of said pallet floor, a plurality of superimposed trays supported on the upper surface of said floor and each adapted to contain a plurality of vertical stacks of said articles arranged in horizontal rows, divider means within said trays including a pair of integrally-formed flaps for receiving the bases of vertically alternate articles in each of said rows to separate the bases of said articles from those of an adjacent row, said flaps and said trays being provided with aligned apertures for receiving therethrough the embossments of said articles circumscribed by defiectible fingers struck from said flaps and said trays respectively and projecting therebeyond to partially surround said embossments, the hollow embossments of adjacent rows of articles being partially telescoped with certain of said fingers interposed therebetween to separate the same.

LARRY J. BUDD.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 528,187 Ten Eyck et al Oct. 30, 1894 1,064,813 Bloomberg June 17, 1913 1,180,136 Savin Apr. 18, 1916 1,305,908 Lanier June 3, 1919 1,625,620 Maston Apr. 19, 1927 2,279,471 Laycock Apr. 14, 1942 2,358,295 Bacigalupi Sept. 19, 1944 2,408,159 Boh Sept. 24, 1946 2,534,010 Frye Dec. 12, 1950 2,534,011 Frye Dec. 12, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 534,182 France Jan. 3, 1922

US108410A 1949-08-03 1949-08-03 Palletized shipping structure Expired - Lifetime US2628715A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US108410A US2628715A (en) 1949-08-03 1949-08-03 Palletized shipping structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US108410A US2628715A (en) 1949-08-03 1949-08-03 Palletized shipping structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2628715A true US2628715A (en) 1953-02-17

Family

ID=22322018

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US108410A Expired - Lifetime US2628715A (en) 1949-08-03 1949-08-03 Palletized shipping structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2628715A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2990951A (en) * 1957-05-24 1961-07-04 Crown Zellerbach Corp Paperboard containers and method of erecting and simultaneously loading same
US3214015A (en) * 1962-02-26 1965-10-26 Pallet Devices Inc Method and apparatus for packaging rolls
US3266444A (en) * 1962-12-17 1966-08-16 Pallet Devices Inc Sliding adjustable pallet
US3316861A (en) * 1966-04-06 1967-05-02 Interstate Container Corp Pallet foot
US3357628A (en) * 1965-07-30 1967-12-12 Interstate Container Corp Pallet container for front loading
FR2176517A1 (en) * 1972-03-22 1973-11-02 Fonderie Soc Gen De
US3857486A (en) * 1972-12-26 1974-12-31 Beloit Corp Web material roll with end protectors and method for making same
FR2906230A1 (en) * 2007-03-19 2008-03-28 Siemens Vdo Automotive Sas Protection sheet for protecting packed element, has two set of conformations on surfaces for receiving two set of geometries of set of packed elements, respectively, where one set of conformations is opposed to another set of conformations
US20110062049A1 (en) * 2009-09-11 2011-03-17 Pro-Pak Industries, Inc. Load tray and method for unitizing a palletized load
US20180002086A1 (en) * 2015-03-23 2018-01-04 Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation Film roll package for transportation

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US528187A (en) * 1894-10-30 Said james h
US1064813A (en) * 1913-03-20 1913-06-17 Herbert L Bloomberg Carton for display of merchandise.
US1180136A (en) * 1915-01-12 1916-04-18 John Edward Gavin Egg-box.
US1305908A (en) * 1919-06-03 Package for ice-cream cones
FR534182A (en) * 1921-11-03 1922-03-21 Improvements to packing boxes for eggs
US1625620A (en) * 1924-07-05 1927-04-19 Mid West Box Company Packing unit for shipping cases
US2279471A (en) * 1938-10-26 1942-04-14 Laycock Geoffrey Cecil Package
US2358295A (en) * 1943-02-18 1944-09-19 Lawrence Basso And Rose Zappet Shipping tray for flowers
US2408159A (en) * 1944-03-06 1946-09-24 O B Andrews Company Packing wrapper
US2534010A (en) * 1946-04-26 1950-12-12 Leslie T Swallow Re-usable pallet bin
US2534011A (en) * 1946-07-25 1950-12-12 Leslie T Swallow Re-usable pallet bin

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US528187A (en) * 1894-10-30 Said james h
US1305908A (en) * 1919-06-03 Package for ice-cream cones
US1064813A (en) * 1913-03-20 1913-06-17 Herbert L Bloomberg Carton for display of merchandise.
US1180136A (en) * 1915-01-12 1916-04-18 John Edward Gavin Egg-box.
FR534182A (en) * 1921-11-03 1922-03-21 Improvements to packing boxes for eggs
US1625620A (en) * 1924-07-05 1927-04-19 Mid West Box Company Packing unit for shipping cases
US2279471A (en) * 1938-10-26 1942-04-14 Laycock Geoffrey Cecil Package
US2358295A (en) * 1943-02-18 1944-09-19 Lawrence Basso And Rose Zappet Shipping tray for flowers
US2408159A (en) * 1944-03-06 1946-09-24 O B Andrews Company Packing wrapper
US2534010A (en) * 1946-04-26 1950-12-12 Leslie T Swallow Re-usable pallet bin
US2534011A (en) * 1946-07-25 1950-12-12 Leslie T Swallow Re-usable pallet bin

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2990951A (en) * 1957-05-24 1961-07-04 Crown Zellerbach Corp Paperboard containers and method of erecting and simultaneously loading same
US3214015A (en) * 1962-02-26 1965-10-26 Pallet Devices Inc Method and apparatus for packaging rolls
US3266444A (en) * 1962-12-17 1966-08-16 Pallet Devices Inc Sliding adjustable pallet
US3357628A (en) * 1965-07-30 1967-12-12 Interstate Container Corp Pallet container for front loading
US3316861A (en) * 1966-04-06 1967-05-02 Interstate Container Corp Pallet foot
FR2176517A1 (en) * 1972-03-22 1973-11-02 Fonderie Soc Gen De
US3857486A (en) * 1972-12-26 1974-12-31 Beloit Corp Web material roll with end protectors and method for making same
FR2906230A1 (en) * 2007-03-19 2008-03-28 Siemens Vdo Automotive Sas Protection sheet for protecting packed element, has two set of conformations on surfaces for receiving two set of geometries of set of packed elements, respectively, where one set of conformations is opposed to another set of conformations
US20110062049A1 (en) * 2009-09-11 2011-03-17 Pro-Pak Industries, Inc. Load tray and method for unitizing a palletized load
US8256621B2 (en) * 2009-09-11 2012-09-04 Pro-Pak Industries, Inc. Load tray and method for unitizing a palletized load
US20180002086A1 (en) * 2015-03-23 2018-01-04 Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation Film roll package for transportation

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3780906A (en) Cup carrier
US3650459A (en) Pallet type shipping container
US3314532A (en) Display cartons
US3425544A (en) Package construction
US5411204A (en) Reclosable food tray and tray blank
US3540581A (en) Package construction for carrying horizontal superposed articles
CN1043468C (en) Two-tied divider can package piece
US3732976A (en) Package for fragile articles
US4441649A (en) Collapsible receptacle
US3416648A (en) Plastic foam housing with lock-on cover sleeve
US5555982A (en) Convertible shipping container-display apparatus
US4485922A (en) Tray for carded products
US5361976A (en) Stackable package
US6971518B1 (en) Pallet base packaging system
KR100691920B1 (en) Carton, carton blank, package and method for set-up of carton from carton blank
US5035323A (en) Shipper display
US2465324A (en) Fiberboard shipping container
US5016761A (en) Transportable display module
US3768720A (en) Flat foldable carton having a supported intermediate tray
US4120443A (en) Cushioning insert
US6948617B2 (en) Stackable container with support flanges
US4134533A (en) Stackable container
US3650383A (en) Pizza container
US3425543A (en) Packaged tray of articles
US20060070911A1 (en) Base for post in post product packaging and display system