US2614316A - Automatic rotating descaler for wheel blocks or the like - Google Patents

Automatic rotating descaler for wheel blocks or the like Download PDF

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Publication number
US2614316A
US2614316A US81726A US8172649A US2614316A US 2614316 A US2614316 A US 2614316A US 81726 A US81726 A US 81726A US 8172649 A US8172649 A US 8172649A US 2614316 A US2614316 A US 2614316A
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United States
Prior art keywords
workpiece
platform
table
descaler
crosshead
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Expired - Lifetime
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US81726A
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Edward H Daily
William E Schmidt
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Edward H Daily
William E Schmidt
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Priority to US81726A priority Critical patent/US2614316A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21BROLLING OF METAL
    • B21B45/00Devices for surface or other treatment of work, specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, metal-rolling mills
    • B21B45/04Devices for surface or other treatment of work, specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, metal-rolling mills for de-scaling, e.g. by brushing
    • B21B45/08Devices for surface or other treatment of work, specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, metal-rolling mills for de-scaling, e.g. by brushing hydraulically
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/45Scale remover or preventor
    • Y10T29/4533Fluid impingement
    • Y10T29/4544Liquid jet

Description

Oct. 21, 1952 E. H. DAILY ET AL AUTOMATlC ROTATING DESCALER FOR WHEEL BLOCKS OR THE LIKE 2 SHEETS-SHEET l Filed March 16, 1949 IFIHJI l W Ww 0 .l Q l 1 i JM @|12 \X /li Oct 21, 1952 E. H..DA1LY ET AL UTOMATIC ROTATING DESCALER FOR WHEEL BLOCKS OR THE LIKE 2 SHEETS--SHEET 2 Filed March 16, 1949 Patented @et El, i952 earner orties AUTOBIATIC ROTATINGDESCALER FOR. WHEEL BLOCKS ORTHE LIKE Edward H. Daily, Michigan City, Ind., and William E. Schmidt, Chicago, Ill.

Application March 16, 1949, Serial No. 81,726

3 Claims.

This invention relates to a descaler and more particularly to a rotatable descaler utilizing high velocity water spray for descaling heated blanks before forging.

In the manufacture of railroad wheels, prior to our invention, cylindrical blocks of steel were heated above forging temperature, removed from the heating furnace and then subjected to a combined manual' and mechanical descaling operation, after which it is forged in a heavy-duty press. The descaling operation is of considerable importance since a poor job of descaling results in particles of scale adhering to and being pressed into the surface of the workpiece and thus causing pits when the wheel is forged. This, of course, results in a poor quality wheel which must be rejected. The descaling must be done quickly so that suicient heat remains in the block t enable it to be forged properly,

In the prior practices of manual or mechanical descaling, the heated wheel block was placed on a stool where workmen with long cutter bars chipped the heavy scale off manually. The heat given off lby the block forced themen to stand and descale the block from a distance of some 8 to 10 feet. After this, the wheel block transfer would pick up the block and move it into a mechanical descaler for removal of the nner scale which still clings to the block. This combined method of descaling operation was slow, inefficient and seldom thorough. The time of descaling varied and, therefore, no two blocks arrived at the forging press with the same temperature.

Although various mechanical devices have been tried in an eort to eliminate manual descaling, we are aware of none that have proved entirely satisfactory.

It is accordingly an object of our invention to provide a descaling apparatus which will descale the entire surface of a` heat treated workpiece thoroughly and quickly.

Another object of our invention is to provide a descalingV apparatus-wherein a heat treated workpiece may be rotated and thoroughly descaled by the action of a plurality of high velocity spraysof water.

These and other objects will become more apparent after referring to the following specification and attached drawings, in which:

Figure l is an elevational view, partly in section; and

Figure 2 is a View taken on the line II--II of Figure 1.

Referring more particularly to the drawings,

(Cl. 22B-81) reference numeral 2 indicates a base supporting a vertical cylinder e which has a piston 6 slidingly fitted therein. A bushing 8, a packing iii, and a gland l 2 lit into and complement the cylinder A crosshead lli is keyed, as at I8, on the top end of the piston 6. Guide rods 2) are attached to the crosshead i6 and extend downwardly therefrom, passing through bushings 22 to prevent rotary movement of the piston 6. Stop member 2d is provided` to limit the upward travel of piston ii and also to provide guide means for rods 2d.

A turntable 26 is mounted on the crosshead l t. An anti-friction vradial roller bearing 28 is interposed between the table 26 and the crosshead H3 to permit free rotation of the table. A guard or shield 3K) is tightly bolted by beans of bolts 3d to the edge of table 2S. Guard 3D extends down-- wardly from table 26 to protect the movingparts from water, scale and dirt. A platform 36 is mounted on the table 26 and is held in position by a plurality of spring pins 38. The spring pins 3E hold the platform Stand table it together so that they will rotate as a unit together with a workpiece W mounted on platform The pins are riveted or otherwise fastened solidly in the platform 5t. A helical compression spring di) surrounds each of the spring pins 3S between table 26 and platform 3S. The springs ill serve to cushion any impact due to the dropping of a workpiece W on the platform.

Rotor vanes :32 project upwardly from platform 36 for workpiece W to rest on. Vanes d2 are positioned radially and are provided with a knifeedge top surface to support the workpiece. The knife-edges are used to reduce the supporting area to a minimum so that the maximum surface area of the workpiece is exposed to the hydraulic spray. A shield or .guard il is fastened to the side of the platform and extends downwardly therefrom to prevent water, scale and dirt from getting onto the top of the table 26.

A cylindrical housing t5 is provided for enclosing the workpiece W and for supporting the spray nozzles of the spray system which will be hereinafter more fully described. Housing 4G is preferably a weldment of heavy steel plates and structural parts. A support lli is provided for bolting the housing unit solidly to the foundation. A guard 59 with stiifeners 52 projects inwardly from the top of housing 46 to protect the piping and nozzles of the spray system from possible damage by the workpiece.

The apparatus illustrated is designed to'handle either long or short workpieces. A pair of vertical headers or manifolds 54 are provided for use with a short workpiece and another pair 56 for use with a long workpiece.

The spray units are composed of two pairs of pipe assembled in the form of a letter H lying on its side and having paired legs 58 and 5D and paired legs 62 and 64 which are bent to t the inside contour of the housing 46. The vertical headers 54 and 56 are fastened to the housing by means of clamps 86.

Nozzles 68 and 'Hi are provided in the vertical headers 54 and 56, respectively, for emitting high velocity sprays of water. These nozzles are set at angles, as best shown in Figure 2, so that the sprays emitted therefrom will impinge on the surface of the workpiece at an angle from the normal in order to secure the most efficient descaling results. Also by striking the Surface of the workpiece at an angle there is created a resultant tangential force which will cause the block to rotate with platform 36 and associated parts on radial roller bearing 28.

Nozzles 12 and 'i4 are provided in top pipes 6i) and 64, respectively. These nozzles are all set at an angle from the radial position and point downward at an angle so as to allow the sprays to reach and descale the top surfaces of the various sized workpieces and to provide a tangential force for rotating the table and workpiece. Nozzles 76 and 18 are provided in the bottom pipes 58 and 62, respectively. These nozzles are pointed upwardly at an angle so as to allow the sprays to reach and descale the bottom surface of the workpiece. The nozzles 16 and 18 are also disposed at an angle from the radial so that the sprays can exert a tangential force on the rotor vanes 42 to rotate the platform 36 and table 26 together on the radial roller bearing 28.

The cylinder 4 is provided for lifting the table and platform assembly up to an elevated position, as shown in dotted lines in Figure l, above the housing 46 where it will be in a position for receiving the workpiece from the tongs 80 of a conventional transfer 82. Then when the table and platform assembly is lowered the workpiece will be positioned within housing 46 ready for descaling.

The guide rods are provided to prevent rotation of the piston 6 in the cylinder 4 when the workpiece W is rotated with the table and platform assembly.

In operation, a workpiece such as a railroad wheel blank is transferred from a heating furnace to the descaler. The descaler receives the workpiece on the elevated table and platform assembly. The piston supporting the table and platform assembly is then lowered in the cylinder to place the workpiece in descaling position and the spray units are turned on. The high velocity sprays then rotate the platform and descale the workpiece. After the workpiece has been thoroughly descaled, the spray units are turned off and the piston is raised to bring the workpiece to the elevated position where it can be picked up by the transfer and carried to the forging press.

Although we have shown our apparatus as being rotated by the action of the sprays on the vane members, it is possible to utilize a gear drive to accomplish the desired rotation. Another method of accomplishing the rotation is to provide spiral guides which would rotate the table and platform assembly as the workpiece is raised and lowered through the spray zone.

While one embodiment of our invention has been shown and described it will be apparent that other adaptations and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the following claims.

We claim:

1. An apparatus for descaling a workpiece comprising a vertical support member, a platform rotatably mounted on the upper end of said support member, a plurality of vanes projecting upwardly from said platform presenting a plurality of thin plates vertically positioned with their top edges in a common plane for supporting said workpiece, a housing surrounding and extending upwardly above said platform, a plurality of nozzles disposed around the inner periphery of said housing, said nozzles being directed toward said workpiece and said vanes, and means for supplying fluid through said nozzles at high velocities to direct said fluid against said vanes and said workpiece simultaneously to thereby rotate said platform and descale said workpiece.

2. An apparatus for descaling a workpiece comprising a vertical cylinder, a piston slidngly mounted in said cylinder and projecting upwardly therefrom, a crosshead xedly mounted on the upper end of said piston, a guide member having a pair of spaced apart openings therethrough surrounding and attached to the outside wall of said cylinder adjacent its upper end, means attached to said crosshead for preventing the rotation of said piston and crosshead, said means comprising a pair of guide rods attached to said crosshead and extending downwardly therefrom through the spaced apart openings in said guide member. a freely rotatable table mounted on said crosshead, means for rotating said table, a workpiece supporting platform mounted on said table by means of a plurality of spring loaded pins, a housing surrounding and extending upwardly above said platform, and a spray system in said housing adapted to direct a plurality of high velocity sprays of water on said workpiece.

3. An. apparatus for descaling a workpiece comprising a vertical cylinder, a piston slidingly mounted in said cylinder and projecting upwardly therefrom, a crosshead xedly mounted on the upper end of said piston, a stop member having a pair of spaced apart openings therethrough surrounding and attached to the outside wall of said cylinder adjacent its upper end, means attached to said crosshead for preventing the rotation of said piston and crosshead, said means comprising a pair of guide rods attached to said crosshead and extending downwardly therefrom through the openings in said stop member, means on the lower ends of said guide rods for cooperating with the stop Amember to limit upward movement of said piston and crosshead, a freely rotatable table mounted on said crosshead, a platform mounted on said table, a plurality of vanes projecting upwardly yfrom said platform, a knife-edge top surface on-said vanes yfor supporting said workpiece, a housing surrounding and extending upwardly above said platform, -and a spray system in said housing adapted to vdirect a plurality of high velocity sprays of water'against said vanes and said workpiece simultaneously to thereby rotate said platform and descale said workpiece, said piston being adapted to raise said crosshead to thereby lift said workpiece out-of said housing.

EDWARD H. DAILY. WILLIAM E. SCHMIDT.

(References on following page) REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Colby et al Sept. 23, 1902 Deming Apr. 9, 1918 Bally et al Nov. 26, 1918 Pierce Nov. 22, 1921 10 Cotterill Dec. 18, 1928 Day -Feb. 12, 1929 Number Number`

US81726A 1949-03-16 1949-03-16 Automatic rotating descaler for wheel blocks or the like Expired - Lifetime US2614316A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2867893A (en) * 1955-09-01 1959-01-13 Arne O Andresen Descaling apparatus for forging ingots
US2877534A (en) * 1955-03-25 1959-03-17 Bliss & Laughlin Inc Method for improving the surface finish of ferrous materials
US2900703A (en) * 1954-05-25 1959-08-25 Commercial Shearing Descaling apparatus
US2961741A (en) * 1956-05-09 1960-11-29 American Steel Foundries Hydraulic descaler
US2985178A (en) * 1960-02-08 1961-05-23 Jr Carl R Christensen Cleaner apparatus for a roller type paint applicator
US3094999A (en) * 1960-11-25 1963-06-25 Ferro Fab Inc Cleaning machine
US3312567A (en) * 1962-01-25 1967-04-04 Kelsey Hayes Co Automatic spray painter
US3407099A (en) * 1965-10-22 1968-10-22 United States Steel Corp Method and apparatus for spraying liquids on the surface of cylindrical articles
US3974797A (en) * 1974-07-08 1976-08-17 Hutson Jearld L Apparatus for applying a film of material to substrates or slices
US4960142A (en) * 1987-12-21 1990-10-02 Herrules Equipment Corporation Paint cleaning apparatus
US6202657B1 (en) * 1998-07-16 2001-03-20 Car-Tec Company Safety and environmental workbench
US6273790B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2001-08-14 International Processing Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for removing coatings and oxides from substrates

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US709698A (en) * 1902-04-12 1902-09-23 Harry W Colby Bottle-rinser.
US1261778A (en) * 1916-05-20 1918-04-09 William L Deming Rotary cleanser.
US1285583A (en) * 1918-06-14 1918-11-26 Electric Furnace Co Device for quenching steel artillery-shells.
US1397652A (en) * 1921-01-03 1921-11-22 Jefferson F Pierce Washing-machine
FR558533A (en) * 1922-11-13 1923-08-29 Dishwasher
US1695412A (en) * 1927-07-02 1928-12-18 Robert L Cotterill Dishwasher
US1702203A (en) * 1927-03-29 1929-02-12 Howard D Day Golf-ball-cleaning device
US1703946A (en) * 1927-08-04 1929-03-05 Thomas G Melish Dishwasher
US1907269A (en) * 1929-02-19 1933-05-02 Selmer Curt Dishwashing machine
US2178701A (en) * 1936-05-28 1939-11-07 Ralph D Petre Method for applying fluids to and cleaning articles
US2245578A (en) * 1940-03-04 1941-06-17 Bohn Aluminium & Brass Corp Apparatus for rapidly cooling bearings and the like
US2315572A (en) * 1940-05-31 1943-04-06 Raymond W Wilson Dishwashing machine
US2471506A (en) * 1943-03-22 1949-05-31 Wiswall Harry Bruce Spray type washing machine for solid objects
US2500963A (en) * 1945-01-11 1950-03-21 Ohio Crankshaft Co Apparatus for quenching the teeth of gears

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US709698A (en) * 1902-04-12 1902-09-23 Harry W Colby Bottle-rinser.
US1261778A (en) * 1916-05-20 1918-04-09 William L Deming Rotary cleanser.
US1285583A (en) * 1918-06-14 1918-11-26 Electric Furnace Co Device for quenching steel artillery-shells.
US1397652A (en) * 1921-01-03 1921-11-22 Jefferson F Pierce Washing-machine
FR558533A (en) * 1922-11-13 1923-08-29 Dishwasher
US1702203A (en) * 1927-03-29 1929-02-12 Howard D Day Golf-ball-cleaning device
US1695412A (en) * 1927-07-02 1928-12-18 Robert L Cotterill Dishwasher
US1703946A (en) * 1927-08-04 1929-03-05 Thomas G Melish Dishwasher
US1907269A (en) * 1929-02-19 1933-05-02 Selmer Curt Dishwashing machine
US2178701A (en) * 1936-05-28 1939-11-07 Ralph D Petre Method for applying fluids to and cleaning articles
US2245578A (en) * 1940-03-04 1941-06-17 Bohn Aluminium & Brass Corp Apparatus for rapidly cooling bearings and the like
US2315572A (en) * 1940-05-31 1943-04-06 Raymond W Wilson Dishwashing machine
US2471506A (en) * 1943-03-22 1949-05-31 Wiswall Harry Bruce Spray type washing machine for solid objects
US2500963A (en) * 1945-01-11 1950-03-21 Ohio Crankshaft Co Apparatus for quenching the teeth of gears

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2900703A (en) * 1954-05-25 1959-08-25 Commercial Shearing Descaling apparatus
US2877534A (en) * 1955-03-25 1959-03-17 Bliss & Laughlin Inc Method for improving the surface finish of ferrous materials
US2867893A (en) * 1955-09-01 1959-01-13 Arne O Andresen Descaling apparatus for forging ingots
US2961741A (en) * 1956-05-09 1960-11-29 American Steel Foundries Hydraulic descaler
US2985178A (en) * 1960-02-08 1961-05-23 Jr Carl R Christensen Cleaner apparatus for a roller type paint applicator
US3094999A (en) * 1960-11-25 1963-06-25 Ferro Fab Inc Cleaning machine
US3312567A (en) * 1962-01-25 1967-04-04 Kelsey Hayes Co Automatic spray painter
US3407099A (en) * 1965-10-22 1968-10-22 United States Steel Corp Method and apparatus for spraying liquids on the surface of cylindrical articles
US3974797A (en) * 1974-07-08 1976-08-17 Hutson Jearld L Apparatus for applying a film of material to substrates or slices
US4960142A (en) * 1987-12-21 1990-10-02 Herrules Equipment Corporation Paint cleaning apparatus
US6202657B1 (en) * 1998-07-16 2001-03-20 Car-Tec Company Safety and environmental workbench
US6453918B2 (en) 1998-07-16 2002-09-24 Car-Tec Company Safety and environmental workbench
US6273790B1 (en) 1998-12-07 2001-08-14 International Processing Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for removing coatings and oxides from substrates

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