US2603214A - Ailover bed canopy to administer - Google Patents

Ailover bed canopy to administer Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2603214A
US2603214A US2603214DA US2603214A US 2603214 A US2603214 A US 2603214A US 2603214D A US2603214D A US 2603214DA US 2603214 A US2603214 A US 2603214A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
canopy
mattress
section
oxygen
tent
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G10/00Treatment rooms or enclosures for medical purposes
    • A61G10/04Oxygen tents ; Oxygen hoods

Description

Jufiy H5, 1952 T. A. TAYLOR ALLOVER BED CANOPY T0 ADMINISTER OXYGEN 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed July 13) 1951 INVENTOR 1' T haddeusAJlzylon W A'VITORNEY July 15, 1952 T. A. TAYLOR 2,593,214

ALLOVER BED CANOPY T0 ADMINISTER OXYGEN Filed July 15, 1951 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Bias L0 p INVENTOR- T'hdddeus'AJbybr.

ATTORNEY T. A. TAYLOR ALLOVER BED CANOPY TO ADMINISTER OXYGEN 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 July 15, 1952 Filed July 13, 1951 INVENTOR Thaddeus A. Taylor.

ATTORNEY Patented July 15, 1952 OFFICE ALLOVER BEDCANOPY 'ro .ADMINIST'ER OXYGEN Thaddeus A. Taylor, Luiki n, Tex. V Application July 13, 1951, Serial No. 236,506 10 Claims. (01. 12s 191) The present invention relates to improvements in bed canopies, oxygen tents and the like and more particularly to all-over-bed canopies or tents to administer oxygen to a sick patient, and particularly adapted for use with refrigeration and oxygen supply means of standard makes.

Usually heretoioreoxygen tents, canopies and the like have not been sumciently sealed because there is provision only to tuck the bottom edge under the mattress and there is a great loss of oxygen through the mattress and around the edge of the canopy. Also when the tent or canopy is removed from under the mattress for nursing care there is still further loss in oxygen concentration in the tent.

The present invention greatly reduces oxygen loss by providing in combination with the upper part of the tent a sealed base section of gas-tight material for either enclosing the entire mattress or for resting on top of the mattress, whereby all mattress undertucking is eliminated and all nursing care and treatment of the patient in the interior of the up er part of the tent may be performed through slide fastener sealed openings at the head, foot and sides of the tent without material loss of oxygen concentration. Accordingly an object of the invention is to provide a gas-tight canopy or the like, which may be mounted to completel cover the top of the mattress as a unit or which may be arranged to completely enclose the mattress, whereby any passage of oxygen and air through the mattress material fails to reduce oxygen concentration and only a small liter of flow is needed.

Another object is to provide a novel bed canopy for d nis ering oxy en, which is forrred of two separable upper and lower sections, the lower section or bottom section being of generally durable permanentnon-transparent material and formed to enclose the bottom and sides of a mattress, theupper or top section being of trans-' parent material detachable from the relatively more permanent non-transparent bottom section without disturbing the mattress or a patient reclining thereon, whereby new top sections can be re laced when torn or worn out and whereby the bottom section which is less likely to be damaged may continue to be used with each new top section.

A further obiect is to provide sl de fasteners completely around the head and foot of the upper edge and lower edge of the respective bottom and top sections of the canopy, whereby the sections may be separated and connected at the head or foot of the canopywith a minimum of time and effect to facilitate nursing care and various forms of treatment.

Still a further object isto provide slidejastener sealed openings in the upper section of the canopyat the side, foot and end of the bed for nursing care and treatment of the patient during the process of administering the oxygen without much loss in concentration of oxygen in the tent. I

Yet another object is to provide slide-fastener means in the wall of the upper section for a sealing connection around the intake and outlet conduits of an ice cooling unit or a refrigeration unit foruse with or without the oxygen supply.

Still another object is to provide as an article of manufacturea separable two part oxygen tent of simple, durable and inexpensive gas-tight material, wherein either part of the tent may be sold separately for replacement purposes if desired.

With these and other objects in view which will become apparent as the invention is fully understood, the same resides in the novelty of, construction, combination and arrangement of elements hereinafter described in detail and distinctly claimed in the appended claims.

The description should be read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

Figure 1 is a general perspective view of a bed showing the mattress enclosed and completely housedinside the tent and showing an air conditioning unit and oxygen'tank with inlet and outlet pipes thereof sealed in the side of thetent by double slide fasteners. V

' Figure 2 is a partial cross-section view taken along the line 22 of Figure 1 atthe head of the canopy. H

Figure 3 is a partial cross-section view taken along the line 3-3 at the foot of the canopy- Figure 4 is a partial perspective view showing an arrangement for oxygen supply withasfafety valve, and refrigerated air inlet and outlet conduits enclosed by double slide fasteners.

Figure 5 is a horizontal cross-section view taken around the canopy on the line 5-501 Figure 1.

Figure 6 is a partial vertical cross-section view taken I on a line transverse a snap fastener closure formed of overlapping plies of material.

Figure '7 is a side elevational view oi the closure in Figure 6 closed and sealed, and

Figure 8 is a side elevational view of the closure in Figure 6 open for nursing care or special treatment of a patient in the tent or canopy. a

Referring in detail to the drawings and first with particular reference to Figures 1 and 2, there is shown a bed A, a mattress B, a canopy supporting stand C at the head of the bed and a canopy support D at the foot of the bed. As illustrated the canopy I9 is completely enclosing the mattress B and comprises a bottom nontransparent section II, which covers the. bottom and most of the'sides of. the mattress; The' upper rim of the section II is edged with spaced apart lower sections I2 and I3 respectively of slide fasteners I4 and I5, which cooperatewith similarly spaced sections I6 and Il fastened-to the lower edge of the upper canopy section I8 of said respective slide fasteners I4 and I5. Thus slidefast;

ener section I2 of the canopy bottom section and slide fastener section I6 of the upper canopy sec tion when joined together encompass -or-encircle the mattress at the head of the bed from each .side, while. thefastener lower section I3 and .the

upper fastener section I'l'encircle the mattress atthe foot of the bed fromeach sideto therelugs-of each slide fastener. are positioned in aligned .spacedapart relation on each end of a .m'ultii-ply snap fastener closure for anopening 2 I' as shown in Figure8.

This multi-ply closure isgas-tight and comprises .a looped over stripwith the overlapping outer. flap'2'3isecuredito the upper section I8 of the tent by stitches '2'4; .inFigure '6. The outer flap carries the femaleparts of two or more snap fasteners and25, while the inner leg oriiap of the'loopficarrie's. a plurality oflmale parts 2i, 28.18,.30, 3I and. 32', .whi'chsnaps connect with thecooperating femaleparts-ZI'; 28, 29', 30", 3I' and 32 of a doubled overffiap. 33 stitched to the lower tent se'ctioii'l I. As shown in Figures 6' and 8-the.flap 33=fitsbetween fla s-22 and 23 so-t at male snap. fasten relements 21 through 32 on flap 2'2. snapflt with the female fastener elements on fiaoe33'. .After these. are. snapped together then the outer flap 23 folds over and'fe ale snap elements 25 and'ZSI engage with ma leelementsZB' and 26' on he exterior .side of flan 33.- Disconnection of these. snap fasteners make the opening ZI available for uses, such as stomach. drainage, chestabscess .drainaqeand the like.

.Most all patients takingv oxygen need blood transfusions orglucose. and itis important to pro ide closure means "for this purpose in the walls of the canopy so there will be very little loss :of oxvgen concentration. As illustrated. in Figure lithere are numerous sealed slide fastener openings for these and similar pur oses. For

example, at the .foot of the canopy II! is a; slide fastener. adapted .to provide access to the feet oi the patient when the tent is setup. The "foot of the tent. orcanopy Ill 15. held above the feet of the patient by elongated straps 35 andSS', respectively, spaced apart on-each s de of the slidefas- .tener 34.. These straps are. stitched tothe exterior of the canopy- IO andinclude a snap fastener element on each of their respective ends soithat when the. straps are looped around an upstand- U-shaped support 31 having right angled =feet 3'8 .an'dl39, whichfit under the mattress .B,

thefoot of the canopy is held elevated above the mattress B to enhance the patients comfort.

.The head of the canopy is held in elevated ioperating position by means of tabs 4I' having treatment to the patient and the slide fastener may be closed around the arm of the doctor or nurse giving ,the treatment or around the arm of the patient for transfusions and the like, thereby avoiding any appreciable loss of oxygen dining'the treatment. In addition to closure 43 and substantially perpendicular to the same are -slideastener closures 44 and 45 for giving medication, water and nourishment. These closures 'like43 may be closed around the arm of the nurse or. person giving the treatment or the like.

Similar slide fastener openings may be on the opposite side, if desired, and just below the dome 40 on this side -are two spaced apart -multiple zipperclosures 46 each for'connecticnwith an icecooled unit or with an air conditioning unit-48 by encircling the inlet and outlet pipes 49 and 49a; respectively, see Figuresl and 4. An oxygen tank 50 with asupply line 5| may alsoilend into the canopy at this connection.

The basesection II of the canopy It] may be mounted on top of the mattress if desired'by using the anchoring tabs 52 secured in each corner and on each side to the exterior of the base action material by stitches '53. The free end of each tab hangs down' over th sidesof th mattress B and pin fasteners 54 or thelike'securethe-tabs to the mattress material. 7 7

Operation anduse- The operation and-use or the presentinvention is believed to be apparent from the foregoing detailed description. For example, to completely enclose the mattress B, the base section I I is applied to the bottom of the mattress and sides with the upper canopy section I8 detached, next the dome, 40- of the canopyand its tabs II are attached to the hooks on-the support arms 42 and the main slide fastener anchors of' the respective top and bottom canopy sections are locked together as well known in the slide fastener art. The slide elements I4 and I5 are adiacent their respective pairs of anchorelements on their side of the canopy and may now'be slid at wilaround their respective paths of travel to enclose the head of the mattress and the foot of the mattress. Prior to closing the main slide fasteners I 4 and i5, the canopy foot support 37 is put in position at the foot of the mattress and straps 35 and '36 are looped over the top bar of the support and snapped into holding position."

This now causes the canopy to be held to proper shape and the patient may be placed on the, mattress before the main slide fasteners are closed on one side of the mattress.

The same general operation takesplace when using the base section II on top-of the mattress B and the same is secured to the mattress by tabs 52 and pin fasteners 54.

It'often is desirable to fold back the upper section I8 of the canopy and open the main slide fasteners around the head and foot of the canopy permitting the rear side to stay fastened. To facilitate folding back of the upper section I8, there are provided handle loops 68 adapted to be gripped by the nurse to raise and fold over the side of the canopy Ill.

The air conditioner unit and oxygen supply are readily attached by inserting the connecting pipes 19 within the double slide fastener openings as shown in Figure 4 on the sideof the dome portion 40 and it is of course understoodthat such connections may be provided at the rear of the dome portion instead of the side, if desired, A safety valve 6| is shown in Figures 1 and l; and another 'valve, not shown, if desired may be mounted in the wall of the upper section l8. Also to provide a safety vent for excess pressures in the tent, the slide fasteners 14 and I 5 may be left slightly open at the side, thereby permitting escape of excessive air and oxygen and also C02 7 which is exhaled by the patient. A graduated air meter may-be connected to the oxygen gausefso; that a certain amount of air may be given with the oxygen.

Thus there is provided an all-over-bed oxygen canopy that can be operated on top of the matf tress or with the mattress completely housedinside the same. Also there is provided a canopy with a top completely removable from the base section of the canopy by separating head and foot slide fasteners, one around the head and one around the foot of the canopy, said top section having further slide fastener openings for nursing care and treatment of the patient without much loss of oxygen in the canopy, and double slide fastener openings for air tight connection with conduit connections from an air conditioning unit and/or an oxygen supply tube.

While the foregoing specification describes and the drawings illustrate the specific details ofthis invention, it is to be understood that the same'is not limited by these details and is therefore susceptible to changes and modifications within base section, and-tabs with pin fasteners secured to the exterior corners and sides of "said sealedbase section, saidtabs hanging adjacent the sidesj of a mattress on which said base sec-' tion is resting,whereby said pin fasteners ma be secured to the sides of the mattress. Y 5. An oxygen tent for maintaining a high'con centration offoxygenper low liter of flow comprising a non-transparent'base section open at the top, said top rim having the lower elements of a pair of slide fasteners secured around its peripheral edge, a transparent upper section open at the bottom, said bottom rim having the upper elements of said pair of slide fasteners around its peripheral edge, and a pair of slide fasteners one for each of said adjacent lower and upper elements, one of said slide fasteners being slidable around the head of the tent to join the said sections together and the other of said slide fasthe scope of the appended claims without a departure from the spirit of the invention.

Iclaim:

1. A canopy for administering oxygen, having an oxygen supply opening therein, comprising a sealed base section for covering a mattress, a sealed upper section adapted to be suspended above said base section, and slide fastener means for detachably connecting said upper section to the said base section.

2. A canopy of flexible foldable material for administering oxygen, having an oxygen supply opening therein, comprising a sealed base section for completely enclosing the bottom and sides ofv a mattress, a sealed upper section adapted to be suspended above the top of the mattress, and

separable fastener means for detachably connect ing said upper section with said base section; thereby forming a substantially gas-tight en closure completely around and over the mattress.

3. A canopy for administerin oxygen, having an oxygen supply opening therein, comprising a sealed base section enclosing the bottom and sides of a mattress, a sealed upper section adapted to be suspended above the top-of the mattress, and a pair of slide fasteners detachably connecting said upper section with said base section, one of said fasteners extending around the head ofthe canopy and the other of said fasteners extending around the foot of the canopy, whereby either the head or the foot of the canopy may be opened for access to the interior of the canopy.

4. A canopy for administering oxygen, having an oxygen supply opening therein, comprising a sealed base section for covering a mattress, a sealed upper section adapted to be suspended above said base section, fastener means for detachably connecting said upper section to the teners being slidable around the foot to join said sections together.

6. An oxygen tent for maintaining a high concentration of oxygen per low liter of flow comprisof the tent ing a non-transparent base section open at the top, said top rim having the lower elements of a pair of slide fasteners secured around its peripheral edge, a transparent upper section open at the bottom, said bottom rim having the upper elements of said pair of slide fasteners around its peripheral edge, a pair of slide fasteners one for each of said adjacent lower and upper elements, one of said slide fasteners being slidable around the head of the tent to join the said sections together and the other of said slide fasteners being slidable around the foot of the tent to join said sections together, additional slide fastener closed openings in the walls of the upper transparent section at the foot and side portions thereof, and conduit connecting openings formed in a side wall of said upper section for connection with an air conditioner and/or an oxygen supply pipe.

7. An oxygen tent comprising a closed bottom section and a detachable closed top section, slide fasteners for connecting said sections together, said bottom section being shapedto contain a mattress and said top section having a dome portion and downwardly flaring side and front portions extending to said bottom section, supporting tabs secured to the exterior of said dome portion for connection with supporting means, straps port. whereby said top section is supported in I operative position over a mattress contained within said closed bottom section.

8. A canopy for administering oxygen, having an oxygen supply opening therein, comprising a sealed base section for enclosing the bottom and sides of a mattress, a sealed upper section adapted to be suspended above the top of the mattress, and a multi-ply snap fastener closure for an elongated horizontal opening in said upper section, said closure having a foldable loop of material with snap fastener elements on the legs of the loop and an intermediate flap insertable between the legs of the loop including snap fastener elements engageable with said fastener elements on the legs of the loop when folded together.

9. The oxygen tent described in claim 6, wherein said conduit connecting openings are each closable around the inletand outlet conduits of accent;

eeideir. conditioner orthelile by meaneoi double 8 REFERENCES cmsn Tn gfollowingreferences are. of recoxdin the file-of this patent:

5 UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,090,271 -.Tay1or Aug. 17, 1937 2,503,725 Greene V Apr. 11, 1950 10 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date l83,3 Switzerland -.-V-P une .16L183fi 84?",7'14 France v, e-. July 10,1939

US2603214A Ailover bed canopy to administer Expired - Lifetime US2603214A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2603214A true US2603214A (en) 1952-07-15

Family

ID=3438980

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2603214A Expired - Lifetime US2603214A (en) Ailover bed canopy to administer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2603214A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2664890A (en) * 1953-01-06 1954-01-05 Wallace William Earle Oxygen therapy tent
US2778617A (en) * 1953-04-22 1957-01-22 Airshields Inc Compartment humidifier
US3090382A (en) * 1959-04-22 1963-05-21 Shampaine Ind Inc Overbed oxygen tents
US3318308A (en) * 1963-11-26 1967-05-09 Air Shields Equipment for respiratory treatment
DE1290302B (en) * 1962-02-21 1969-03-06 Matthews Res Inc isolation
US3492987A (en) * 1967-03-27 1970-02-03 Robert W Parker Isolation apparatus
US3518991A (en) * 1966-04-28 1970-07-07 R E Goss Inc Medical canopy access method
US4590956A (en) * 1984-04-27 1986-05-27 Harrell Griesenbeck Bed tent
US5832919A (en) * 1996-03-28 1998-11-10 Kano; Yoshimi Portable inflatable enclosure system with filtered positive pressure gas fed therein
US20040186537A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2004-09-23 Heaton Keith Patrick Patient cooling system
US20050283913A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2005-12-29 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient cooling system
US20070073369A1 (en) * 1998-11-06 2007-03-29 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient cooling enclosure
US7520277B1 (en) * 2003-04-01 2009-04-21 Daniel Grady CPAP enclosure for the treatment of sleep apnea

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2090271A (en) * 1937-08-17 Abb conditioning apparatus
FR847774A (en) * 1938-06-22 1939-10-17 respiratory hood treatment atmospheres packaged, especially for therapy and oxygeno anaiogues applications, and for protection against gases
US2503725A (en) * 1948-07-24 1950-04-11 John Bunn Corp Oxygen tent sealing appliance

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2090271A (en) * 1937-08-17 Abb conditioning apparatus
FR847774A (en) * 1938-06-22 1939-10-17 respiratory hood treatment atmospheres packaged, especially for therapy and oxygeno anaiogues applications, and for protection against gases
US2503725A (en) * 1948-07-24 1950-04-11 John Bunn Corp Oxygen tent sealing appliance

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2664890A (en) * 1953-01-06 1954-01-05 Wallace William Earle Oxygen therapy tent
US2778617A (en) * 1953-04-22 1957-01-22 Airshields Inc Compartment humidifier
US3090382A (en) * 1959-04-22 1963-05-21 Shampaine Ind Inc Overbed oxygen tents
DE1290302B (en) * 1962-02-21 1969-03-06 Matthews Res Inc isolation
US3318308A (en) * 1963-11-26 1967-05-09 Air Shields Equipment for respiratory treatment
US3518991A (en) * 1966-04-28 1970-07-07 R E Goss Inc Medical canopy access method
US3492987A (en) * 1967-03-27 1970-02-03 Robert W Parker Isolation apparatus
US4590956A (en) * 1984-04-27 1986-05-27 Harrell Griesenbeck Bed tent
US5832919A (en) * 1996-03-28 1998-11-10 Kano; Yoshimi Portable inflatable enclosure system with filtered positive pressure gas fed therein
US7818835B2 (en) 1998-11-06 2010-10-26 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient cooling enclosure
US20090216304A1 (en) * 1998-11-06 2009-08-27 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient Cooling Enclosure
US20070073369A1 (en) * 1998-11-06 2007-03-29 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient cooling enclosure
US7555792B2 (en) 1998-11-06 2009-07-07 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient cooling enclosure
US20040186537A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2004-09-23 Heaton Keith Patrick Patient cooling system
US7507249B2 (en) 2002-11-08 2009-03-24 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient cooling system
US7226471B2 (en) * 2002-11-08 2007-06-05 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient cooling system
US20050283913A1 (en) * 2002-11-08 2005-12-29 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient cooling system
US8021407B2 (en) 2002-11-08 2011-09-20 Kci Licensing, Inc. Patient cooling system
US7520277B1 (en) * 2003-04-01 2009-04-21 Daniel Grady CPAP enclosure for the treatment of sleep apnea

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3333286A (en) Adjustable sick-bed bolster
US3857124A (en) Bedclothes
US5584085A (en) Support structure with motion
US4977629A (en) Portable inflatable patient assist apparatus
US3738367A (en) Patient garment with temperature control
US5514166A (en) Device and method for supporting a breast shield and related pump equipment
US5483711A (en) Sudden infant death syndrome prevention apparatus and method
US5153938A (en) Acceleration protection ensemble and method
US6564387B1 (en) Vest or jacket equipped with inflatable convertible seat cushion and lower back cushion
US4712251A (en) Nursing blanket
US4039039A (en) Inflatable anti-shock and splinting trousers
US7896910B2 (en) Modular apparatus for therapy of an animate body
US5418978A (en) Protective garment for the mentally disabled
US4511358A (en) Urine bag carrier with a stretchable front panel
US20080000477A1 (en) High frequency chest wall oscillation system
US4688270A (en) Garment for shielding lines connected to a patient during invasive therapy
US4874387A (en) Cover for body fluid drainage bag and tubing
US4989286A (en) Bedding article for supporting infants with gastroesophageal reflux condition
US6412127B1 (en) Head cradle with body support
US4675925A (en) Device for manipulating bedridden patients
US6857150B2 (en) Support pillow for small infants
US4492326A (en) Sling-type infant carrier
US6406449B1 (en) Vest having arm sling
US6042184A (en) Face and head supporting device for use with a lounge chair or the like
US5887304A (en) Apparatus and method for preventing sudden infant death syndrome