US2575897A - Selectable value ticket printing - Google Patents

Selectable value ticket printing Download PDF

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US2575897A
US2575897A US2575897DA US2575897A US 2575897 A US2575897 A US 2575897A US 2575897D A US2575897D A US 2575897DA US 2575897 A US2575897 A US 2575897A
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  • the apparatus as per the invention is principally characterized by the fact that is consists of a case, provided with a mechanism for fastening the apparatus to a waist-strap or the like, on the upper and/or front side of which case there are regulating organs worked upon from the outside, and by aid of which figure type wheels placed in the case can be switched and that a driving-mechansim, placed outside the case, is arranged in such a way as to introduce into the counting works a set amount and. provide a ticket strip with corresponding printing, the case being furnished with a chute, from which the printed ticket is removed.
  • the regulating organs consist of circle segments, shiftable along a circle are or rotating around a centre, said segments being provided, around their periphery, with depressions formed as thumb holds, in which are figures orother marks; further there is on the case a bar, common to all these regulating organs and serving as a stop to the thumb.
  • a set amount istransmitted to the counting works by a step gear.
  • figure type wheels 56 adjustable by the regulating organs there are further figure type wheels, divided in at least two groups (168, [@9, H and Ill, H2) and attached, close to one another, to a general shaft; these wheels lack manipulative movement-transmitting organs to actuate each wheel individually, and the wheel registering from one to nine (onenumber wheel) of the group intended for registering consecutive numbers cooperates internally with a carrier on the shaft; the transfer (tennumber transmission) between the one-number wheel and other wheels in the same group is also workedfrom within, although by means of Maltese wheels (hereafter called star wheels) in the the outside, at which the transfer is worked here.
  • Maltese wheels hereafter called star wheels
  • the manually moved type wheels I l I, I I 2 are here in driving connection with number wheels I I 6, I [1, readable from the outside, whereas the transfer between the number wheels in question is made from the interior and by aid of star wheels.
  • the driving device appropriately includes a turnable handlever in such a driving connection with the machines movement-transmitting organ that, when it is turned in one direction from a rest or zero position, it causes the counting and printing works as well as existing contrivances, if any, for feeding and cutting off the ticket strip, to function, while the lever, when it turns in other direction from the abovementioned rest or zero position, brings the regulating organs, previously adjusted, back to their respective rest or zero position (correction).
  • the lever is subjected to a spring influence and tends to assume its rest or zero position.
  • the registering organs are arranged in such a way that they can stay in their set place during several following turnings of the machine but, at the levers executing the correction movement, are brought back to rest or zero position.
  • the printing hammer (or hammers) cooperating with the figure type wheels consists of a leaf spring, arranged so as to occupy automatically a rest or middle position, and a carrier moved by the lever is constructed to influence indirectly the abovementioned spring, and load it so that, when the spring is disengaged from the carrier during the machines operation, the spring executes a printing stroke, then returns to its rest or middle position.
  • the cutting oii device for the printed ticket consists of a cutting mechanism, revolving around a stationary pin, appropriately semicircular in cross section, which cutting mechanism consists of a sleeve cut obliquely in axial direction, the remaining part being approximately of the same length as the width of the receipt strip and forming an edge at an acute angle to the pin, whereat the ticket strip is inserted betwen the pin and abovementioned edge and is cut off at the turning of the sleeve relative to the shaft.
  • the apparatus has become very easy to handle, and the component construction details function compulsively, though every means of attaining a solid construction has been applied.
  • Fig.2 shows the'apparatus seen from one side likewise with. certain parts in section.
  • Fig. 3 shows a section along the line III-J11 in Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 4. shows the apparatus, partly in section, seen from the opposite-side. to Figure 3.
  • Fig. 5 shows, on a larger scale a 'detail of the apparatus seen from the front, and Fig: 6 a section along the line VI VI in Fig. 5..
  • Fig. '7' shows, likewise on a larger scale the mechanism for cutting off the tickets, seen from the side, and Fig. 8 a section along the line VIII-VIII. in Fig. 7.
  • Fig. 9 is an isometric schematic view of the interior of themachine' with parts omitted in the interest of perspicuity.
  • the contrivance consists; as mentioned before,
  • av cover 1 provided. with suitable hook-formed organs 305 for attaching the apparatus to a waist-strap 306, a left end wall 2, that can be permanently connected with the central part of the case, and a righthand end wall 3, which connected with the centralpart bya hinge 4, and: further attached with asafety look not shown on the drawing.
  • Organ I0 is intended for 1-6re, organ II for 10-ore, organ l2 for l-crown and organ l3 for 10-crowns.
  • organ II for 10-ore
  • organ l2 for l-crown
  • organ l3 for 10-crowns.
  • Each segment has on its inner surface undulatory depressions 23 divided in the same way as the thumb grips.
  • the wave tops are not in touch with the governing plate 3, so that only the end surfaces 24, 25 are sliding against this plate.
  • a spring 25 attached to the inside of 'plate' 8 catches into the depressions 23, in order to keep in this way the respective segments in a regulated position.
  • the spring is only situated on one side of each plate [5 and has therefore a breadth somewhat less than half the width of the seg ment.
  • On the other side of each plate l5 this is provided withguiding cylinders 28, 29, which are in touch with'guiding plate 8 and appropriately placed in front of the sliding surfaces 24, 25 of the segment. In this way the friction has been reduced as much as possible.
  • the cog-wheel 3fi is attached to a differentially rotatable shaft 33,
  • step gear 52 which at the same time acts as a lock for the cog-wheels.
  • the step gear is in the known manner provided. with cogs 53 of different length with recesses between them, and is intended to makeawholerevolution during each operation of the machine.
  • allthe four counting-works can, if necessary, be actuated at the same time by aid of one and the same step gear.
  • Pinion 9 is connected to the shaft gear 92 by a one-way clutch drive comprising two fingers 85, 53 carried by the pinion 64 and which may abut a pair of corresponding shoulders 51-63 on the gear 92, when turned in one direction.
  • gear 92 is actuated and rotates the shaft E2 to which it is fixed.
  • Pinion ill on shaft 72 rotates the gear 73 on step gear shaft 85 thereby rotating the step gear 52 one full revolution.
  • Step gear 52 drives the previously positioned gear 42 and actuates the register 59.
  • the return of the lever 39 to normal position causes pinion 64 to be reset, the gear 92 and shaft ?2 and their related elements including step gear 52 remaining idle during the return stroke of the lever.
  • An actuating mechanism consisting of a manually operable lever 99 (on the left in Fig. 1) is, rotatably mounted on the shaft 9!, Fig. 3, running through the step gear 52.
  • the lever 69 is rockable clockwise (Fig. 3) from a normal or starting position for registering and is rockable counterclockwise from the same position for clearing or zeroizing the settaole segmen s 9-13 and the type wheels 56.
  • the lever is connected with two cog segments 62, 63, Figs. 1 and 3, which are likewise rockable around shaft ill, but always follow the turning movements of the lever.
  • This cog-wheel and a second cogwheel “iii are attached to the shaft 72 supporting cog-wheels 32 and type wheels 53, and cogwheel "i9 is engaging a cog pinion 13, connected with the step gear.
  • the gearing between segment 93 and the cog pinion 94, and between cog-wheel l9 and cog pinion 13 is 2:1, 2:1, respectively, so that, at an approximate turning 99 of the lever 69, cog pinion 6G executes revolution and the step gear a whole revolution.
  • the shaft '52 likewise executes revolution.
  • the step gear 52, cog-wheel l9 and thus also shaft 12 are kept in place, while the catches 65, 66 with the cog pinion 94 are turned back half a revolution, so that these can cooperate with bar surfaces 68 and 61 situated previously opposite the catches.
  • the counting works are cumulative registers.
  • Segment 63 has a locking surface, cooperating with cog pinion 64 so that, when segment 63 is turned counter-clockwise (Fig. 3), the cog pinion is not actuated. Consequently, the step gear 52, which has been rotated one full revolution, and the registers and type wheels 56 are not disturbed when the lever 60 is returned to normal or starting position. Repeat entries may be made by successive strokes of the lever 60 clockwise from its normal or starting position.
  • segment 62 (Fig. 1) is constructed so as to turn a cog pinion 39 only when the lever is turned from the starting position counterclockwise (Fig. 3), whereas cog pinion 80 is not turned when the lever works clockwise. Only when the lever is moved counterclockwise (Fig.
  • each cog-wheel 32 which is turned by cog segment !5, engages a cog-wheel or cog segment 82, revolving on the step gear shaft 85 (Fig. 1).
  • Each such cog-wheel 84 has a side projectiondfi, and on the shaft 85 is a pin 87, intended to cooperate with projection 8%.
  • On the correction shaft 8! is a cog segment 88, which via an intermediary wheel 99 engages a cog-wheel 90, attached to the step gear shaft 85.
  • the way of working of this mechanism is as follows: When segments 943 are set, the cog segments 8 3 are turning counter-clockwise (Fig. 2). When the 1'ever'69 is turned counter-clockwise from its normal position (Fig.
  • correction shaft 8! is turning clockwise, and the step gear shaft is turned by aid of the intermediary wheels 89, 89, also clockwise, so that pins 87 carry the angle-displaced cog-segments 84 and related cogwheels 32 to the starting position.
  • segments 9-!3, cog-wheels 92 and type wheels 56 are all simultaneously turned back to their starting positions.
  • Cog wheel 92 on shaft 12 engages a cog pinion 93, attached to ashaft9 i.
  • the cog-wheel device is suchthat shaft 94 is turning (clockwise) (Fig. 2) only when lever GB is turned clockwise. This is becausecog wheel 92 and shaft l2 are driven from a one way clutch between cog pinion 64 and cog wheel 92.
  • Shaft 94 supports, at the end farthest from cog-wheel 93, a ticket feeding roller 2
  • Stop segment 97 has the object of preventing the returning of lever 60 to its starting point, before the lever has completed its turning movement.
  • the curve groove of plate 63 has a zero position and two parts 99, I00.
  • the groove accommodates a pin 39!, attached to a revolving two-armed lever 392, 393, and influenced by a spring 304.
  • This spring has as its purpose to restore the lever to the starting posiamino tion,,as soon as it :is :released. elf oneturnsthe lever clockwise, pin. 1301 is forced to follow "the groove HIE] :from approximately theiperiphery to the :centre :of the plate :93, and when the lever isfreleased, "spring 364 pulls arm ,3fl2w'ith pin 31H to the left (Fig. 3)., :so that plate '98 and therewith the lever is turned to its starting point.
  • This plate is freely mounted .on cylinder its insuch away that it 3 does not take part in the rotating movements of shaft I85.
  • ing wheels lilii, i H, which by means of a carrying over transmission organ :HB are connected with each pther.
  • Counting wheels H6 and H"! maybe used to indicate the price of a ticket. 'On the outer end surface of kernel 1M screwed on ahood HQ with a window 128, through which the indication of counting wheels can be read.
  • Hand wheel H5 is at its end surfaces provided with pins I21, l22, which pins catchinto an inner toothing in type wheel 112 and counting wheel Hi3, respectively.
  • Azstop mechanism consistingnf a ball 1'25 worked upon by a. spring, cooperating with stop ga s .in hand wheel :5, keeps type wheels I12, H1 and counting wheels I l 6,. I H in their set position.
  • Type 'wheels Hi8, Hi9 and liflare counters for totaling the number of consecutive operations of the machine.
  • Ins'ide figure type wheel 1:11) is a :device which feeds this unity wheel illl stepwise. .llt consists 4 It is, however, evident that the shaft :can also.
  • plate 12E executes a revolution or a whole revolution, in which case plate 12E must be provided with three cog gaps or only one cog gap, respectively.
  • the feeding device inside the unity wheel ll-fi renders possible theplac'ing of type-wheels [11,1 l2 close to the type wheel 'I H) of the very numbering work, so that the total printing organ I08, I59, I l U,-and"type wheels "I I, I 12 needs much less space than otherwise, as the feeding mechanism for the unity wheel-is placed;
  • the printing and cutting mechanism of the apparatus is shown in Figskd, and 8. Besides the number type wheels 56. .l:08 -'H'2, there are printing types 202, 203. 204 indicates an ink ribbon, and 205 a paper strip, which from a store cylinder (not shown in the drawing) via guide cylinders 2GB, 201 is carried past the printing types, a governingcylinder 208, and out through an opening 259 in the case -I., Fig. 4. Just Opposite guiding "roller 20%!
  • the feeding wheel 21 l which has appropriately the form of a knurled roller attached to a shaft 2-12, which makes a whole revolution, when the strip is to :be printed, fed and out ed.
  • the cutting mechanism is placed between guiding roller 208 and the opening ass and consists of a stationary pin 301 and a sleeve 308 revolving around same.
  • the pin has been given 'up'to a length corresponding to the width of the receipt stripthe form of-asemicircular cross section, and the sleeve has up to a corresponding part been cut off along a line, which forms an acute angle to the sleeve shaft, so that an oblique edge 38! ⁇ has been attained (Figs.
  • a leaf spring 21 5 constituting the very printin hammer asper the invention.
  • the leaf spring has a notch inorder to make place for wheel 2H and a pin 2'16 attached to one of the side flanges of the wheel. From the fixing place the leaf spring extends from the bracket somewhat past the outer printing type, in the direction of the case I wall opposite opening .299. This arrangementpermits the free operation of the leaf spring towards the printing types around an imagined line at right angles to the longitudinal direction of the spring,
  • Bracket .213 supports, parallel to shaft .212, "a spindle 223, on which is'revolvin'g 'a leverwvitha short arm 22 i, directed towards shaft 212, and a longer arm 222, stretching towards the loose 'end of the leaf spring.
  • the loose end of the latter arm is movably connected with the loose end of the leaf spring by aid of a loop, placed on the latter.
  • Shaft 2l21 is turned one revolution at a time.
  • pin 216 will come in contact with the short lever 22!; during the continued turning of the shaft, corresponding to an angle of about 60, lever 22! is carried forth, so that the longer lever 222 turns clockwise, carrying with it fiat spring 2M, which is bent around point 224 and is set.
  • spring 2l4 will snap back to its original position, previous to which, however, it has swung past this position and around a rotation shaft, placed nearer to attaching screws 215 than the point 224, and, by aid of the pads, presses the paper strip against the types.
  • spring 2M from a printing position, swings back to its starting point, it may, it is true, execute small oscillations, but these are so slight that the spring does not come in contact with the paper strip.
  • the strip is fed forth and then out oif, and during the remaining rotating movement shaft 2l2 turns with wheel 2
  • Printing block 202 and type wheels 203 for instance indicate date, firm name, and
  • the combination comprising a plurality of registers operable to accumulate in one of said registers values selected from one denominational order and to accumulate in another of said registers values selected from a different denominational order, a rotatable shaft and means actuated thereby for actuating one of said registers, there being one of said rotatable shafts and registeractuating means for each of said registers; a hand settable gear segment for each of several denominational orders, said gear segments being pivotally mounted about a common axis; mechanisms for setting-up values determined by the positioning of individual ones of said gear segments, each of said setting-up mechanisms comprising a differentially rotatable shaft, a carriage positionable by said differentially rotatable shaft, a coupling gear splined to one of said first-named rotatable shafts and slidable longitudinally thereof by said carriage, gearing connecting between an individual one of said gear segments and its associated differentially rotatable shaft for positioning said carriage and coupling gear proportionally to a selected
  • the combination comprising a plurality of registers operable to accumulate in one of said registers values selected from one denominational order and to accumulate in another of said registers values selected from a different denominational order, a rotatable shaft and means actuated thereby for actuating one of said registers, there being one of said rotatable shafts and registeractuating means for each of said registers; a hand settable gear segment for each of several denominational orders, said gear segments being pivotally mounted about a common axis; value setting-up mechanism associated with individual ones of said gear segments and individual ones of said rotatable shafts, each of said setting-up mechanisms comprising a differentially rotatable shaft, a carriage positionable by said differentially rotatable shaft, a coupling gear splined to one of said first-named rotatable shafts and slidable longitudinally thereof by said carriage, gearing connecting between an individual one of said gear segments and its associated differentially rotatable shaft for positioning said carriage and coupling
  • each register including a plurality of numeral wheels and transfer mechanism, a plurality of settable gear segments pivoted about a common axis, there being one gear segment for each of said registers, means for entering values in said registers corresponding to values determined by selected positions of said gear segments, said entering means comprising a rotatable step gear common to all said registers and gear sectors, a pair of rotatable shafts for each of said gear sectors, one of said rotatable shafts being differentially rotatable by an associated gear segment and having a helical groove thereon, a carriage 131i mounted.

Description

Nov. 20, 195] G. E. SUNDMAN SELECTABLE VALUE TICKET PRINTING AND REGISTERING MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 4, 1946 INVENTOR. (fuum fiM/JX- m. mm \m mm 4W BY Nov. 20, 1951 E. SUNDMAN 2,575,897
SELECTABLE VALUE TICKET PRINTING AND REGISTERING MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 4, 1946 mOh \ Nov. 20, 1951 ,G. E. SUNDMAN SELECTABLE VALUE TICKET PRINTING AND REGISTERING MACHINE 4 Sheet s-Sheet 3 Filed April 4, 1946 m on a? $0 9 m om INVENTOR.
NOV. 20, 1951 N M 2,575,897
SELECTABLE VALUE TICKET PRINTING AND REGISTERING MACHINE Filed April 4, 1346 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 IN V EN TOR.
ZW may.
Patented Nov. 20, 1951 SELECTABLE VALUE TICKET PRINTIN AND REGISTERING MACHINE Gunnar Erik Sundman, Nacka, Sweden, assignor,
by mesne assignments, to Almex, Inc., a corporation of Panama Application April 4, 1946, Serial No. 659,544 In Sweden March 1, 1945 3 Claims. (Cl. 235-31) There is a great demand prevailing for a portable apparatus appropriate to the sale of tickets, in the first place bus tickets. A great deal is required and should be required of such an apparatus. The apparatus as per the invention in question must be considered as fulfilling every demand. Thus it is of small dimension, light weight, and is easy to carry and handle by a bus, tramor railway conductor. Nothwithstanding, it; is possible to obtain, by means of this device, tickets plainly printed and to introduce into counting works and register, desired amounts. The changing of figure type wheels, in order to obtain the printing of different ticket prices, is made by easily moved regulating organs. To print and register set amounts one has to operate upon one single driving organ only.
The apparatus as per the invention is principally characterized by the fact that is consists of a case, provided with a mechanism for fastening the apparatus to a waist-strap or the like, on the upper and/or front side of which case there are regulating organs worked upon from the outside, and by aid of which figure type wheels placed in the case can be switched and that a driving-mechansim, placed outside the case, is arranged in such a way as to introduce into the counting works a set amount and. provide a ticket strip with corresponding printing, the case being furnished with a chute, from which the printed ticket is removed. The regulating organs consist of circle segments, shiftable along a circle are or rotating around a centre, said segments being provided, around their periphery, with depressions formed as thumb holds, in which are figures orother marks; further there is on the case a bar, common to all these regulating organs and serving as a stop to the thumb. A set amount istransmitted to the counting works by a step gear.
In addition to the item printing figure type wheels 56 adjustable by the regulating organs, there are further figure type wheels, divided in at least two groups (168, [@9, H and Ill, H2) and attached, close to one another, to a general shaft; these wheels lack manipulative movement-transmitting organs to actuate each wheel individually, and the wheel registering from one to nine (onenumber wheel) of the group intended for registering consecutive numbers cooperates internally with a carrier on the shaft; the transfer (tennumber transmission) between the one-number wheel and other wheels in the same group is also workedfrom within, although by means of Maltese wheels (hereafter called star wheels) in the the outside, at which the transfer is worked here.
also from within, by aid of star wheels. The manually moved type wheels I l I, I I 2, are here in driving connection with number wheels I I 6, I [1, readable from the outside, whereas the transfer between the number wheels in question is made from the interior and by aid of star wheels.
The driving device appropriately includes a turnable handlever in such a driving connection with the machines movement-transmitting organ that, when it is turned in one direction from a rest or zero position, it causes the counting and printing works as well as existing contrivances, if any, for feeding and cutting off the ticket strip, to function, while the lever, when it turns in other direction from the abovementioned rest or zero position, brings the regulating organs, previously adjusted, back to their respective rest or zero position (correction). In order to facilitate the handling of the apparatus, the lever is subjected to a spring influence and tends to assume its rest or zero position. For the same reason, the registering organs are arranged in such a way that they can stay in their set place during several following turnings of the machine but, at the levers executing the correction movement, are brought back to rest or zero position.
Further, the printing hammer (or hammers) cooperating with the figure type wheels consists of a leaf spring, arranged so as to occupy automatically a rest or middle position, and a carrier moved by the lever is constructed to influence indirectly the abovementioned spring, and load it so that, when the spring is disengaged from the carrier during the machines operation, the spring executes a printing stroke, then returns to its rest or middle position. Finally, the cutting oii device for the printed ticket consists of a cutting mechanism, revolving around a stationary pin, appropriately semicircular in cross section, which cutting mechanism consists of a sleeve cut obliquely in axial direction, the remaining part being approximately of the same length as the width of the receipt strip and forming an edge at an acute angle to the pin, whereat the ticket strip is inserted betwen the pin and abovementioned edge and is cut off at the turning of the sleeve relative to the shaft.
Thanks to the possibility of combining the abovementioned apparatus with a waist-strap and the special consideration given to its purpose at the fashioning of the case, the adjusting organs, the driving and movement-transmitting organs and other details of the contrivance, the apparatus has become very easy to handle, and the component construction details function compulsively, though every means of attaining a solid construction has been applied. When the apparatus as per the invention has been executed in the most appropriate way it is thus possible to regulate by simple movements of the thumb of one hand the adjusting organs for marking ticket price and other control signs, to set with a finger grasp another desired marking; for instance a marking corresponding to a stop or station and, by working upon a single'driving organ during a machine operation, acquirethe registering of all the different adjustments in counting work and/or a control strip, printing,
in section. Fig.2 shows the'apparatus seen from one side likewise with. certain parts in section. Fig. 3 shows a section along the line III-J11 in Fig. 1. Fig. 4. shows the apparatus, partly in section, seen from the opposite-side. to Figure 3. Fig. 5 shows, on a larger scale a 'detail of the apparatus seen from the front, and Fig: 6 a section along the line VI VI in Fig. 5.. Fig. '7' shows, likewise on a larger scale the mechanism for cutting off the tickets, seen from the side, and Fig. 8 a section along the line VIII-VIII. in Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is an isometric schematic view of the interior of themachine' with parts omitted in the interest of perspicuity.
The contrivance consists; as mentioned before,
of av cover: 1 provided. with suitable hook-formed organs 305 for attaching the apparatus to a waist-strap 306, a left end wall 2, that can be permanently connected with the central part of the case, and a righthand end wall 3, which connected with the centralpart bya hinge 4, and: further attached with asafety look not shown on the drawing.
In the machine there are two end walls 5 and 6, between which certain shaftsand mechanisms are situated, the' walls" being attached to a rear plate I. Furthermore there is, between the walls, a governing plate 8, the purpose-of whichis to serve as governing 'orguiding organ for the regulation mechanisms 9, H3, H, l2, l3. These devices, usedforselecting the figure type wheels and the ticket prices, consist of. segment provided with thumb grips 14, which segments might appropriately be made of some'synthetic resin and be provided, in the thumb grips, with numbers or other suitable-markings. In the present case'the organ 9 is used for indicating the character of the ticket, as for instance pertaining to: a ticket for a grown person or a child,.or for a packet etc. Organ I0 is intended for 1-6re, organ II for 10-ore, organ l2 for l-crown and organ l3 for 10-crowns. Thus one can adjust the apparatus from l-ore up to and including or. 99.99, and 10 ticket markings. Each segment a way that on each thumb gripl4 cometwo cogs.
Each segment has on its inner surface undulatory depressions 23 divided in the same way as the thumb grips. The wave tops are not in touch with the governing plate 3, so that only the end surfaces 24, 25 are sliding against this plate. A spring 25 attached to the inside of 'plate' 8 catches into the depressions 23, in order to keep in this way the respective segments in a regulated position. The spring is only situated on one side of each plate [5 and has therefore a breadth somewhat less than half the width of the seg ment. On the other side of each plate l5 this is provided withguiding cylinders 28, 29, which are in touch with'guiding plate 8 and appropriately placed in front of the sliding surfaces 24, 25 of the segment. In this way the friction has been reduced as much as possible.
The cogs 22 on plate l5 engage into a cogwheel and, a cog-wheel 32. Here must be mentioned that, in the interest of clarity of illustration and avoidance ofduplication, all: shafts and cog wheels related to the several denominational orders are not shown on the drawings: Thus on Fig. 1, cog-wheels 3t and 32 and acounting work with gearing for theiplate l5-only, which belongs to lo-ore-segment H, whi1e.Jin.Fig..-2 is shown the gearing belonging to the counting work for l-ore-segment 10. The cog-wheel 3fi is attached to a differentially rotatable shaft 33,
. provided with a screwshaped groove'34. On shaft 33 is placed an axially 'slidable" carriage 35- with two side plates 33, 3?, which catch into the groove- 33 with a small projection" 38. Each plate 365-31 has a recess 39 which fits about a shaft 40 parallel to shaft 33, and between the plates on this shaft is placed a cog-wheel 42. Cog-wheel 42 slidable along shaft 49, but is prevented '(by a spline and groove-connection 53) from turning around the shaft or, in other words, whenithe cog-wheel is turned, shaft 40 rotates. Themechanism described up to now works in the following manner: When segment II glides downwards, i." e. in the clockwise direction as periFig'. 2; the shaft 33 turns, which causes the carriage 35" to glide to the left as per Fig. 1, and in this glidingmovement cog-wheel 12 takes. part. The left hand end of shaft 48 stretches through the end wall 5 and here supportsacog-wheel 35, seen in Fig. 1. In Fig. 2 one partof'the end wall 5 has been cut. offs-thus showing only the corresponding cog-wheel for l-ore registration. This cog-wheel e5, 45. is by means of an intermediate'wheel 45-,- lfi, engaging a cogwheel 4?, :51, attached on shaft :48, supporting acounting work 55, the members of whichiare seen through a window 5! in the case I. Thus in the present case, there are four counting works, or cumulative registers, i. e."one for -1--' ore, one for IO-ore, one for l-crown, andone for ill-crowns. There therefore is a register for eachdenominational order. A register totalizes the entries determinedby'the setting of its as sociated one of the settable segments Ill-l3.
There is then also a cog-wheel 42 for each of the four coin values, and all the four cog-wheels are placed around a step gear 52, which at the same time acts as a lock for the cog-wheels. The step gear is in the known manner provided. with cogs 53 of different length with recesses between them, and is intended to makeawholerevolution during each operation of the machine. By placing the counting works cog-wheels:
around the step gear, allthe four counting-works can, if necessary, be actuated at the same time by aid of one and the same step gear.
At each regulating organ 9-!3, there is a cogwheel 32, and these cog-wheels are in known manner in connection each with its type wheel 56, by means of sleeves 55.
On the case I is placed a bar 51 just below the lowest (marked 9) recess H! in the segments 9-l3, when the latter are in a zero position. This bar is acting as a stop or gliding surface for the conductors thumb, so that the gliding downwards of the segment further than intended is hereby prevented. Upon actuation of any one of the hand set dials iii-l3, a corresponding pinion 3i! causes displacement of carriage longitudinally of step gear 52. Simultaneously, pinion 39 rotates a corresponding one of the gears 32 to set the item printing type wheels 56. Following this, lever 69 is actuated clockwise, Fig. 3, from its normal or starting position, forcing the segment 93 to rotate the pinion Ed. Pinion 9 is connected to the shaft gear 92 by a one-way clutch drive comprising two fingers 85, 53 carried by the pinion 64 and which may abut a pair of corresponding shoulders 51-63 on the gear 92, when turned in one direction. Thus gear 92 is actuated and rotates the shaft E2 to which it is fixed. Pinion ill on shaft 72 rotates the gear 73 on step gear shaft 85 thereby rotating the step gear 52 one full revolution. Step gear 52 drives the previously positioned gear 42 and actuates the register 59. The return of the lever 39 to normal position causes pinion 64 to be reset, the gear 92 and shaft ?2 and their related elements including step gear 52 remaining idle during the return stroke of the lever.
The rotation of the step gear a whole revolution for each machine operation is effected by the following mechanism:
An actuating mechanism consisting of a manually operable lever 99 (on the left in Fig. 1) is, rotatably mounted on the shaft 9!, Fig. 3, running through the step gear 52. The lever 69 is rockable clockwise (Fig. 3) from a normal or starting position for registering and is rockable counterclockwise from the same position for clearing or zeroizing the settaole segmen s 9-13 and the type wheels 56. By aid of pin carriers the lever is connected with two cog segments 62, 63, Figs. 1 and 3, which are likewise rockable around shaft ill, but always follow the turning movements of the lever. The cogs of segment 93 turned towards the interior of the machine engage a cog pinion 64, which supports two catches 55, 99, cooperating with the bar surfaces (il, 58 in an inside notch 99 in a cog-wheel 92 (Fig. 3). This cog-wheel and a second cogwheel "iii are attached to the shaft 72 supporting cog-wheels 32 and type wheels 53, and cogwheel "i9 is engaging a cog pinion 13, connected with the step gear. The gearing between segment 93 and the cog pinion 94, and between cog-wheel l9 and cog pinion 13 is 2:1, 2:1, respectively, so that, at an approximate turning 99 of the lever 69, cog pinion 6G executes revolution and the step gear a whole revolution. The shaft '52 likewise executes revolution. When the lever is turned back or counterclockwise, Fig. 3, to the starting point, the step gear 52, cog-wheel l9 and thus also shaft 12 are kept in place, while the catches 65, 66 with the cog pinion 94 are turned back half a revolution, so that these can cooperate with bar surfaces 68 and 61 situated previously opposite the catches.
1 "During the rotation of the step gear 52, the
axially positioned cog-wheels 42 are engaged by the .cogs 53 of step gear 52, and are thus turned according to the amounts set by aid of segments 5 Ill-l3, which amounts are registered in the counting works 50. The counting works are cumulative registers.
Segment 63 has a locking surface, cooperating with cog pinion 64 so that, when segment 63 is turned counter-clockwise (Fig. 3), the cog pinion is not actuated. Consequently, the step gear 52, which has been rotated one full revolution, and the registers and type wheels 56 are not disturbed when the lever 60 is returned to normal or starting position. Repeat entries may be made by successive strokes of the lever 60 clockwise from its normal or starting position. On the other hand segment 62 (Fig. 1) is constructed so as to turn a cog pinion 39 only when the lever is turned from the starting position counterclockwise (Fig. 3), whereas cog pinion 80 is not turned when the lever works clockwise. Only when the lever is moved counterclockwise (Fig. 3) from its normal or starting posi- 1 tion does it cause segment 52 to rotate pinion 80 on reset shaft 8!. Pinion 89 is attached to a socalled correction or reset shaft 9! By aid of this shaft all the segments 9-!3 are restored to the starting position by the turning of the lever 89, from its normal starting point counter-clockwise (Fig. 3).
1 As is seen from Fig. 2, each cog-wheel 32, which is turned by cog segment !5, engages a cog-wheel or cog segment 82, revolving on the step gear shaft 85 (Fig. 1). Each such cog-wheel 84 has a side projectiondfi, and on the shaft 85 is a pin 87, intended to cooperate with projection 8%. On the correction shaft 8! is a cog segment 88, which via an intermediary wheel 99 engages a cog-wheel 90, attached to the step gear shaft 85. The way of working of this mechanism is as follows: When segments 943 are set, the cog segments 8 3 are turning counter-clockwise (Fig. 2). When the 1'ever'69 is turned counter-clockwise from its normal position (Fig. 3) correction shaft 8! is turning clockwise, and the step gear shaft is turned by aid of the intermediary wheels 89, 89, also clockwise, so that pins 87 carry the angle-displaced cog-segments 84 and related cogwheels 32 to the starting position. Thus segments 9-!3, cog-wheels 92 and type wheels 56 are all simultaneously turned back to their starting positions.
Cog wheel 92 on shaft 12 engages a cog pinion 93, attached to ashaft9 i. The cog-wheel device is suchthat shaft 94 is turning (clockwise) (Fig. 2) only when lever GB is turned clockwise. This is becausecog wheel 92 and shaft l2 are driven from a one way clutch between cog pinion 64 and cog wheel 92. Shaft 94 supports, at the end farthest from cog-wheel 93, a ticket feeding roller 2| I, the right hand part 96 of the machine being intended for ticket printing, feeding and cutting mechanisms. Close1y connected with segments B2, 63 are further a stop segment 91 (Fig.
3) and a plate 98 with a curve groove, consisting of two parts. Stop segment 97 has the object of preventing the returning of lever 60 to its starting point, before the lever has completed its turning movement. The curve groove of plate 63 has a zero position and two parts 99, I00.
The groove accommodates a pin 39!, attached to a revolving two-armed lever 392, 393, and influenced by a spring 304. This spring has as its purpose to restore the lever to the starting posiamino tion,,as soon as it :is :released. elf oneturnsthe lever clockwise, pin. 1301 is forced to follow "the groove HIE] :from approximately theiperiphery to the :centre :of the plate :93, and when the lever isfreleased, "spring 364 pulls arm ,3fl2w'ith pin 31H to the left (Fig. 3)., :so that plate '98 and therewith the lever is turned to its starting point. The same is the case, if the lever .is turned counterclockwise, ;in which circumstance pin 3'0] :moves in groove 99,.causing=spring 3il4 to tighten. When the lever is released, spring 304 jpnlls arm 302 again to the :left, whereat "the lever .is turned clockwise to the starting position.
' Inside case 2| is afstatlenary plate 10:1. with an opening 1.92, and to said plate is attached a.-hollow cylinder Ii 94 provided with a :bottom l1lJ3'CFigs.
5 and 6). ilhroughthe opening I112 and a'correspending opening in the cylinder.bOttomstretBheS the :shaft :1 55, supporting sleeves 55. To the Eliottom .is attached 'a spindle Hi6 '(Fig. "6) which supports "transfer pin-ions, serving as carrying over transmission elements. To the outer circumference of cylinder its are attached three type wheels MS, 1.951, lit for indicating consecutive number, and besides these two other type wheels I ll, H2 for indicating other markings, .such as the price of :a ticket, the latter type wheel H2 .is partly attached also around a supporting plate 3,.118Sliil'lg .on shaft H75. This plate is freely mounted .on cylinder its insuch away that it 3 does not take part in the rotating movements of shaft I85. To supporting plate Iii-3 there :is attached a cylindrical core Ii i, :around which a hand operable wheel H5 is .rotatably mounted. Further are, on this core attached two 00111113. ing wheels lilii, i H, which by means of a carrying over transmission organ :HB are connected with each pther. Counting wheels H6 and H"! maybe used to indicate the price of a ticket. 'On the outer end surface of kernel 1M screwed on ahood HQ with a window 128, through which the indication of counting wheels can be read.
Hand wheel H5 is at its end surfaces provided with pins I21, l22, which pins catchinto an inner toothing in type wheel 112 and counting wheel Hi3, respectively. Azstop mechanism consistingnf a ball 1'25 worked upon by a. spring, cooperating with stop ga s .in hand wheel :5, keeps type wheels I12, H1 and counting wheels I l 6,. I H in their set position.
Type 'wheels Hi8, Hi9 and liflare counters :for totaling the number of consecutive operations of the machine.
Ins'ide figure type wheel 1:11) is a :device which feeds this unity wheel illl stepwise. .llt consists 4 It is, however, evident that the shaft :can also.
execute a revolution or a whole revolution, in which case plate 12E must be provided with three cog gaps or only one cog gap, respectively.
As is seen by Fig. '5, the feeding device inside the unity wheel ll-fi renders possible theplac'ing of type-wheels [11,1 l2 close to the type wheel 'I H) of the very numbering work, so that the total printing organ I08, I59, I l U,-and"type wheels "I I, I 12 needs much less space than otherwise, as the feeding mechanism for the unity wheel-is placed;
8 outside {this wheel. The printing and cutting mechanism of the apparatus is shown in Figskd, and 8. Besides the number type wheels 56. .l:08 -'H'2, there are printing types 202, 203. 204 indicates an ink ribbon, and 205 a paper strip, which from a store cylinder (not shown in the drawing) via guide cylinders 2GB, 201 is carried past the printing types, a governingcylinder 208, and out through an opening 259 in the case -I., Fig. 4. Just Opposite guiding "roller 20%! is the feeding wheel 21 l, which has appropriately the form of a knurled roller attached to a shaft 2-12,, which makes a whole revolution, when the strip is to :be printed, fed and out ed. The cutting mechanism is placed between guiding roller 208 and the opening ass and consists of a stationary pin 301 and a sleeve 308 revolving around same. The pin has been given 'up'to a length corresponding to the width of the receipt stripthe form of-asemicircular cross section, and the sleeve has up to a corresponding part been cut off along a line, which forms an acute angle to the sleeve shaft, so that an oblique edge 38!} has been attained (Figs. '7 and 8). When sleeve 308, at the end of the operation of the machine, via a cog-wheel pinion 3H3, 3| l, is turned around, the printed part of the ticket strip, fed forth between pin :30? and edge 869, will be cut off. The shaft 242 with wheel 2i! is attached to a bracket 2I3, resting on the frame of the apparatus. The bracket has a notch in order to make place for the wheel and it is furthermore cut off opposite guiding roller 263, so that the wheel at this point protrudes from the bracket. The circumference of the wheel is broken, one segment having been out off, i. e. on that part of the wheel which is normally opposite guidingroll'er .298. The remaining part of the circumference is knurled in order that the paper strip may be fed forth only when the wheel with its lmurled part cooperates with the guiding roller, during the rotation.
'Onthe'bracket 2i 3 surface, opposite the guiding roller 2% is, by means of screws, attached a leaf spring 21 5, constituting the very printin hammer asper the invention. The leaf spring has a notch inorder to make place for wheel 2H and a pin 2'16 attached to one of the side flanges of the wheel. From the fixing place the leaf spring extends from the bracket somewhat past the outer printing type, in the direction of the case I wall opposite opening .299. This arrangementpermits the free operation of the leaf spring towards the printing types around an imagined line at right angles to the longitudinal direction of the spring,
this line being in the neighbourhood of fastening screws 2l5, while the swinging movement in the opposite direction is blocked in such a way that the part of the leaf spring which is'connected with the fastening place, gets in contact with bracket 213. On the leaf spring are set pads 2H, 2l8, 219., preferably of rubber, by aid of which the paper strip is pressed against the printing types.
The leaf "spring is actuated by the following mechanism. Bracket .213 supports, parallel to shaft .212, "a spindle 223, on which is'revolvin'g 'a leverwvitha short arm 22 i, directed towards shaft 212, and a longer arm 222, stretching towards the loose 'end of the leaf spring. The loose end of the latter arm is movably connected with the loose end of the leaf spring by aid of a loop, placed on the latter.
The mechanism works-in the following way:
The different parts occupy the starting positionsshown on the drawing. Shaft 2l21is turned one revolution at a time. When the shaft has 9 turned about 150, pin 216 will come in contact with the short lever 22!; during the continued turning of the shaft, corresponding to an angle of about 60, lever 22! is carried forth, so that the longer lever 222 turns clockwise, carrying with it fiat spring 2M, which is bent around point 224 and is set. Now, as shaft 2I2 continues to turn, pin 2| 6 relinquishes the free end of lever 22!, spring 2l4 will snap back to its original position, previous to which, however, it has swung past this position and around a rotation shaft, placed nearer to attaching screws 215 than the point 224, and, by aid of the pads, presses the paper strip against the types. When spring 2M, from a printing position, swings back to its starting point, it may, it is true, execute small oscillations, but these are so slight that the spring does not come in contact with the paper strip. During a continued angle movement of about 90, the strip is fed forth and then out oif, and during the remaining rotating movement shaft 2l2 turns with wheel 2| I and pin 2 i B to the starting position shown on the drawing.
In the mechanism shown, it has been presumed that the receipt or the ticket is cut off at a point lying, at the starting position of the two parts, between printing types 55, l08-l I2 and printing block 202. Printing block 202 and type wheels 203 for instance indicate date, firm name, and
other date which are constant during the use of the machine. Before the bringing forward of the ticket, an impression of printing types 202 and 203 has already been made between opening 209 and type wheels 56, l 08-112, and, preceding the feeding forth, the amount, consecutive number, and other marking by type wheels 56, l08-I l2, have been added; at the same time the still uncut ticket next following is furnished with printing from types 202 and 203.
The mechanism and the details may vary. Thus two pins could be used instead of pin 2l0, or else a curve formed organ for facilitating the turning of lever 22 l, 222 and the tension of spring H.
Several modifications are of course imaginable inside the field of this invention, several details of the apparatus being executed in another way than shown in the kind of execution above, without it being necessary to give up the idea at the base of the invention.
Having now described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In apparatus of the class describedv the combination comprising a plurality of registers operable to accumulate in one of said registers values selected from one denominational order and to accumulate in another of said registers values selected from a different denominational order, a rotatable shaft and means actuated thereby for actuating one of said registers, there being one of said rotatable shafts and registeractuating means for each of said registers; a hand settable gear segment for each of several denominational orders, said gear segments being pivotally mounted about a common axis; mechanisms for setting-up values determined by the positioning of individual ones of said gear segments, each of said setting-up mechanisms comprising a differentially rotatable shaft, a carriage positionable by said differentially rotatable shaft, a coupling gear splined to one of said first-named rotatable shafts and slidable longitudinally thereof by said carriage, gearing connecting between an individual one of said gear segments and its associated differentially rotatable shaft for positioning said carriage and coupling gear proportionally to a selected set position of the associatedgear segment about its pivot center; a rotatable step gear common to all of said registers, said step gear being mounted on an axis central to all of said coupling gears and engageable therewith, and means for rotating said step gear to drive all of said coupling gears and enter values in the respective registers corresponding to the values determined by set positions of the gear segments of the respectivedenominational order during one revolution of said step gear. L
2. In apparatus of the class described, the combination comprising a plurality of registers operable to accumulate in one of said registers values selected from one denominational order and to accumulate in another of said registers values selected from a different denominational order, a rotatable shaft and means actuated thereby for actuating one of said registers, there being one of said rotatable shafts and registeractuating means for each of said registers; a hand settable gear segment for each of several denominational orders, said gear segments being pivotally mounted about a common axis; value setting-up mechanism associated with individual ones of said gear segments and individual ones of said rotatable shafts, each of said setting-up mechanisms comprising a differentially rotatable shaft, a carriage positionable by said differentially rotatable shaft, a coupling gear splined to one of said first-named rotatable shafts and slidable longitudinally thereof by said carriage, gearing connecting between an individual one of said gear segments and its associated differentially rotatable shaft for positioning said carriage and coupling gear proportionally to a selected set position of the associated gear segment about its pivot center; a rotatable step gear common to all of said registers, said step gear being mounted on an axis central to all of said coupling gears and engageable therewith; means for rotating said step gear to drive all of said coupling gears and enter the values corresponding to the positions of said coupling gears with respect to said step gear as determined by the set positions of said gear segments, said means including a manipulative handle pivotal in one direction from a predetermined position for rotating said step gear one revolution to actuate said registers, and means actuated by said manipulative handle for restoring said gear segments to zero positions when said handle is pivoted in the opposite direction from said predetermined position for restoring said gear segments to zero positions.
3. In apparatus of the class described, the combination comprising a plurality of registers operable to accumulate in one of said registers values selected from one denominational order and to accumulate in another of said registers values selected from a different denominational order, each register including a plurality of numeral wheels and transfer mechanism, a plurality of settable gear segments pivoted about a common axis, there being one gear segment for each of said registers, means for entering values in said registers corresponding to values determined by selected positions of said gear segments, said entering means comprising a rotatable step gear common to all said registers and gear sectors, a pair of rotatable shafts for each of said gear sectors, one of said rotatable shafts being differentially rotatable by an associated gear segment and having a helical groove thereon, a carriage 131i mounted. on.s,a-id1difierentia11y-' rotatable shaft and adapted to be guided axially thereof by engagement, with said helical groove, a. coupling gear; splined to. the second of said; pairofi rotatable shafts; and: adapted to be: guided: axiallythereoi; by said, carriage, all of said mtatableshafts be- 18; mounted on axes parallel to the axis; of said step gear and, distributed around said step eartQ locate said coupling gears for. actuation bysaid step gear, means between. the; second rotatableshaft of each pair at said pairs, of. rotatableshaits; and an. associated one: of; said registers for actuating: said register, gearing" for trans. mittingrmotion of: ear-1h of. said gear segments to its asspeiated difierenti'ally rotatable; shait ,for ndsitioning; its associated coupling. gear longitndinal'ly; of the axis of said stepgear im propor tion with the set position of the; gear segment. and means for: rotating; said: step ear. to drive allaoi said coupling gears for. entering; inthe.
respective registers the values. corresponding to.- the. set positions of the gear; segments; GUNNAR ERIK SUNDM-AN,
REFERENCES CITED The foliowing references are of record in the file'of this patent: v
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Number Name Date Ohmer Mar; 1 1,.1902). Hammann- Jiuly 13.1902 Kay t Jam 9; 1906' Meier June; 6, 193.1: Craig et al. Qct. 8, ,19,18- Tilley et a May; 26-, 193.11 Set-right. July 119;. 1932. Hanel; Aug; 1.5:, 1933: Marquart V .Aug}...1;7 ,\1'937; Rastv Dee. 7,1943
FOREIGNPATENTS Country Date Germany Nov;- 7, 1930;
France May 2-5, 1925
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Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US695115A (en) * 1900-09-21 1902-03-11 Wilfred I Ohmer Ticket issuing, printing, and recording machine.
US703785A (en) * 1900-07-02 1902-07-01 Paul Haack Calculating-machine.
US809378A (en) * 1905-04-17 1906-01-09 William W Kay Fare-register.
US994685A (en) * 1909-09-24 1911-06-06 Temco Mfg Company Street-car-transfer printing and delivering apparatus.
US1280966A (en) * 1913-12-10 1918-10-08 Champion Recording Machine Company Transfer printing and issuing machine.
DE511904C (en) * 1927-05-15 1930-11-07 Adolf Zoellin Counter ticket printer
US1806654A (en) * 1931-05-26 Ticket issuing machine
US1868027A (en) * 1932-07-19 Class
US1922731A (en) * 1933-08-15 Ticket printing and registering
US2090612A (en) * 1937-08-17 Ticket printing and issuing machine
US2335964A (en) * 1943-12-07 Time recorder

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1806654A (en) * 1931-05-26 Ticket issuing machine
US1868027A (en) * 1932-07-19 Class
US1922731A (en) * 1933-08-15 Ticket printing and registering
US2090612A (en) * 1937-08-17 Ticket printing and issuing machine
US2335964A (en) * 1943-12-07 Time recorder
US703785A (en) * 1900-07-02 1902-07-01 Paul Haack Calculating-machine.
US695115A (en) * 1900-09-21 1902-03-11 Wilfred I Ohmer Ticket issuing, printing, and recording machine.
US809378A (en) * 1905-04-17 1906-01-09 William W Kay Fare-register.
US994685A (en) * 1909-09-24 1911-06-06 Temco Mfg Company Street-car-transfer printing and delivering apparatus.
US1280966A (en) * 1913-12-10 1918-10-08 Champion Recording Machine Company Transfer printing and issuing machine.
DE511904C (en) * 1927-05-15 1930-11-07 Adolf Zoellin Counter ticket printer

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