US2535527A - Model airplane propeller - Google Patents

Model airplane propeller Download PDF

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US2535527A
US2535527A US630740A US63074046A US2535527A US 2535527 A US2535527 A US 2535527A US 630740 A US630740 A US 630740A US 63074046 A US63074046 A US 63074046A US 2535527 A US2535527 A US 2535527A
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hub
blade
blades
propeller
nose
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US630740A
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Archiebald S Barkley
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Archiebald S Barkley
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS, BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H27/00Toy aircraft; Other flying toys ; Starting or launching devices therefor
    • A63H27/02Model aircraft

Description

Dec. 26, 1950 A. s. BARKLEY 5355 MODEL AIRPLANE PROPELLER Filed Aug. 15, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet l Dec. 26, 1950 A. s. BARKLEY 2,535,527

MODEL AIRPLANE PROPELLER Filed Aug. 15, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Dec. 26, 1950 UNITED STATES .RTENT OFFICE MODEL AIRPLANE PROPELLER Archiebald S. Barkley, Detroit, Mich.

Application August 15, 1%6, Serial No. 6550,7 10

(Cl. 170l59) 3 Claims.

This invention relates to propellers for model powdered aircraft and has for its object to provide a propeller of excellent efficiency which can be readily balanced, which can be produced very economically, which lends itself to accurate mass production and which will be so sturdily assembled that there will be no danger of disassembly or disintegration in operation.

Another object is to provide a prope ler composed essentially of a hub, blades and a nose, the blades when assembled on the hub re-inforcing each other and being doubly locked on the hub by means of holding means individual to each of them together with additional means securing them jointly in position on the hub.

More specifically it is an object of the invention to provide a hub and blades, each blade having a hub portion which abuts the hub portions of the adjacent blades, and preferably interlocks therewith, means securing each bade hub portion directly to the hub, and a nose which is screw threaded onto the hub for pressure contact with each blade portion.

A further object of the invention is to provide a simplified starting means for the motor of the aircraft, this starting means being in the form of a hub nose around which a string or cord may be wound for several turns, one end of the cord being knotted for enga ement with a notch in a propeller blade, the other end of the cord being adapted to be pulled by an operator thus cranking the motor.

More particularly it is an object to provide propeller blades each having a cord engagin notch immediately adjacent the hub nose, the propeller blade being so formed and the notch position being so se ected that an energetic pull on the cord will not deflect the blade nor distort the hub.

Other objects and advantages will become hereinafter more fully apparent as reference is had to the accompanying drawings in which my invention is illustrated and in which:

Figure 1 is an axial diametric section through my improved propeller taken along the line l-l of Figure 2,

Figure 2 is a frontal elevation taken from the right side of Figure 1,

Figure 3 is a rear elevation taken from the left side of Figure 1, the blades being only partially shown,

Figure 4 is a transverse section taken along the line 4-4 of Figure 1, the blades being only par tially shown,

Figure 5 is a front elevation of a blade hub portion,

Figure 6 is a View of a modification of blade formation and arrangement similar to the view of the preferred form shown in Figure 4,

Figure 7 is front elevation of the hub portion of a modified blade as shown in assembly in Figure 6, and

Figure 8 is a front elevation of the hub with the nose removed.

More particularly, I refers to a propeller hub portion having a narrow radial flange 2 extending outwardly near one end thereof and a second wider radial flange 3 longitudinally spaced from the flange l. The flange 3 has a smaller diameter than the flange l and is threaded externally throughout its length. The hub portion I has an opening 4 longitudinally therethrough to receive the shaft of an engine (not shown). The hub portion I and the flanges 2 and 3 together constitute the hub.

A plurality of propeller blades 5 are adapted for individual attachment to the hub. While any desired number of blades may be used, I illustrate three. The blades each have a hub portion 6, best illustrated in Figure 5, having an arcuate portion '5 the radius of which substantially equals the exterior of the huh I between the flanges 2 and 3 for close fitting engagement therewith. Outwardly of the portion 1 the edges 8 and 9 are on radial lines from the center of the arc of the portion 1. The edge 8 is interrupted by a curved cut-out in and the edge 9 has a projection ll formed in counterpart of the cut-out it. Circumferentially between the cut-out ii] and the projection I l is a threaded hole [2 which receives a holding screw as will be hereinafter described. The root 13 of the blade radiates outwardly from this hub portion 6, the blade increasing in width beyond the root and thereafter decreasing in width to the tip 14. The entire blade is made of sheet metal. The hub portion is co-planar with part of the root and the blade is bent on a curved diagonal line 55 which starts about two-thirds outwardly of the len th of the blade and sweeps transversely thereacross to a notch 16 formed at the junction of the root l3 and hub portion 5.

Since the propellers il ustrated in the drawings have three blades, each arcuate portion l is 120. Thus when three blades are assembled on a hub portion l between the fian es 2 and 3 they form a closed circle therearound and a projection H of each blade interfits with a notch ll) of an adjacent blade. Also an edge 8 and 9 of each blade a ts the edges 9 and 8 respectively of the adjacent blades. The flange 2 has three threaded openings therethrough to receive screws I 1 which thread into the openings l2 of each blade.

A nose [8, internally threaded, screws onto the threads of the flange 3 to the extent that it presses firmly against the blade hub portions 6. The outside diameter of the nose 18 adjacent the lades is substantially the same as the outside diameter of the flange 2 and the notch iii of each blade has its lower side substantially at the level of the surface of the flange 2 and nose It.

The nose it; extends outwardly from contact with the blades for a short distance cylindrically and then tapers arcuately to a point. Since it is contemplated that the crankshaft of the engine with which it is to be used will turn counterclockwise the notches lii are at the right edges of the blades and the threads of the nose and flange 3 are left-handed. When a starter cord is knotted at one end and the knot caught in a notch it the cord may be wound around the nose several times so that when the outer end of the cord is pulled the propeller and hence the engine can be turned through several revolutions.

In Figure 7 the hub portion do is essentially the same as the hub portionfi except that the notches i8 and the projections l are omitted. The arcuate portion la is 120 in length and the edges 8a and 3a are radial from the center of the are of the portion la. Thus when three of these hub portions 3a are assembled on a hub la, as illustrated in Fi ure 6, the edge 8a of each blade will abut the edge 9a of the adjacent blade, exactly as described in connection with the construction of Fi ure 4 except that there are no inter-locking notches and projections.

It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a greater or lesser number of blades may be used, and also that my improved hub assembly may be u ed with various shapes of propeller blades without departing from my invention and I therefore desire to be extended protection as defined by the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. A propeller comprising a hub having a radial groove therein, one wall of said groove having screw holes therethrough, the peripheral surface of the other wall of said groove being threaded, propeller blades having hub-engaging portions extending into said groove, said hub-engaging portions each having a threaded opening therethrough opposite the holes in said groove wall, screws securin each of said hub-engaging portions to the first named wall, and a hub nose threaded onto the peripheral surface of said other wall of the groove, said nose being traversed on its threads into pressure engagement with all of said hub engaging portions.

2. A propeller comprising a hub having a radial groove therein, one wall of said groove having screw holes therethrough, the peripheral surface of the other wall of said groove being threaded, propeller blades each having arcuate hub-engaging portions extending into said grooves and each having a circumferential length sufllcient to abut the hub engaging portions closely fitting the bottom of said groove and each having a threaded hole opposite one of the screw holes through the mentioned wall of said groove, screws securing each of said hub-engaging portions to said first wall and also firmly aligning said hubengaging portions in mutually abutting relation with adjacent hub-engaging portions, and a hub nose threaded on the periphery of said other wall of the groove to a distance such that the end of said nose is in pressure contact jointly with all of said hub-engaging portions.

3. A propeller comprising a hub having a radial groove therein, one wall of said groove having screw holes therethrough, the peripheral surface of the other wall of said groove being threaded, propeller blades each having arcuate hub-engaging portions extending into said grooves and having edges which are radial from the center from which the arc of said arcuate portion is swung, said edges having projections and notches engaging respectively the notches and projections of adjacent hub-engaging portions, each of said hub engaging portions closely fitting the bottom of said groove and each having a threaded hole opposite one of the screw holes through the first mentioned wall of said groove, screws securing each of said hub-engaging portions to said first wall and also firmly aligning said hub engaging portions in mutually abutting relation with adjacent hub-engaging portions, and a hub nose threaded on the periphery of said other wall of the groove to a distance such that the end of said nose is in pressure contact jointly with all of said hub-engaging portions.

ARCHIEBALD S. BARKLEY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Great Britian Jan. 12, 1928 France May 13, 1929 France Apr. 1, 1930 Num er Number

US630740A 1946-08-15 1946-08-15 Model airplane propeller Expired - Lifetime US2535527A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2689617A (en) * 1951-12-10 1954-09-21 Lewis F Bouley Model airplane sectional blade propeller and adapter hub
US2765858A (en) * 1952-11-04 1956-10-09 Leland E Hardy Model airplane propeller hub and cowl construction
US3703341A (en) * 1971-04-08 1972-11-21 Dominic Garofalo Propeller spinner for model airplanes
EP0456882A1 (en) * 1990-05-16 1991-11-21 Kabushiki Kaisha Bandai Propeller for toy aircraft
US6247894B1 (en) * 1997-10-22 2001-06-19 Emerson Electric Co. Ceiling fan with integral up-light
US10435144B2 (en) * 2016-04-24 2019-10-08 Hangzhou Zero Zero Technology Co., Ltd. Aerial system propulsion assembly and method of use
US10528049B2 (en) 2015-08-10 2020-01-07 Hangzhou Zero Zero Technology Co., Ltd. System and method for automated aerial system operation

Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US23598A (en) * 1859-04-12 Screw-propeller
US109458A (en) * 1870-11-22 Improvement in propelling mechanisms
US116414A (en) * 1871-06-27 Improvement in screw-propellers
US123274A (en) * 1872-01-30 Improvement in propellers
US390615A (en) * 1888-10-02 Chaeles g
US1010929A (en) * 1910-12-13 1911-12-05 Christian E Loetzer Sectional propeller.
US1122925A (en) * 1914-02-14 1914-12-29 August F Henrichsen Propeller for boats.
US1142530A (en) * 1915-03-15 1915-06-08 William Rowthorne Screw-propeller.
US1260562A (en) * 1917-04-07 1918-03-26 John G Heal Fan construction.
US1318805A (en) * 1919-10-14 Pt-anoc
US1542412A (en) * 1924-05-14 1925-06-16 Reed Propeller Co Inc Aeronautical propeller
GB283329A (en) * 1926-12-21 1928-01-12 Joseph Winter Improvements relating to propellers for aircraft
FR665906A (en) * 1927-12-17 1929-09-25 Propeller in conformable
FR685715A (en) * 1929-11-28 1930-07-16 Propeller airplane and other applications
US1999326A (en) * 1933-11-25 1935-04-30 Fairey Aviat Co Ltd Propeller for aircraft and for like purposes
US2234319A (en) * 1936-10-03 1941-03-11 Chicago Electric Mfg Co Fan blade and hub assembly
US2353431A (en) * 1942-02-27 1944-07-11 Thomas R Arden Propeller mounting means construction

Patent Citations (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1318805A (en) * 1919-10-14 Pt-anoc
US109458A (en) * 1870-11-22 Improvement in propelling mechanisms
US116414A (en) * 1871-06-27 Improvement in screw-propellers
US123274A (en) * 1872-01-30 Improvement in propellers
US390615A (en) * 1888-10-02 Chaeles g
US23598A (en) * 1859-04-12 Screw-propeller
US1010929A (en) * 1910-12-13 1911-12-05 Christian E Loetzer Sectional propeller.
US1122925A (en) * 1914-02-14 1914-12-29 August F Henrichsen Propeller for boats.
US1142530A (en) * 1915-03-15 1915-06-08 William Rowthorne Screw-propeller.
US1260562A (en) * 1917-04-07 1918-03-26 John G Heal Fan construction.
US1542412A (en) * 1924-05-14 1925-06-16 Reed Propeller Co Inc Aeronautical propeller
GB283329A (en) * 1926-12-21 1928-01-12 Joseph Winter Improvements relating to propellers for aircraft
FR665906A (en) * 1927-12-17 1929-09-25 Propeller in conformable
FR685715A (en) * 1929-11-28 1930-07-16 Propeller airplane and other applications
US1999326A (en) * 1933-11-25 1935-04-30 Fairey Aviat Co Ltd Propeller for aircraft and for like purposes
US2234319A (en) * 1936-10-03 1941-03-11 Chicago Electric Mfg Co Fan blade and hub assembly
US2353431A (en) * 1942-02-27 1944-07-11 Thomas R Arden Propeller mounting means construction

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2689617A (en) * 1951-12-10 1954-09-21 Lewis F Bouley Model airplane sectional blade propeller and adapter hub
US2765858A (en) * 1952-11-04 1956-10-09 Leland E Hardy Model airplane propeller hub and cowl construction
US3703341A (en) * 1971-04-08 1972-11-21 Dominic Garofalo Propeller spinner for model airplanes
EP0456882A1 (en) * 1990-05-16 1991-11-21 Kabushiki Kaisha Bandai Propeller for toy aircraft
US6247894B1 (en) * 1997-10-22 2001-06-19 Emerson Electric Co. Ceiling fan with integral up-light
US10528049B2 (en) 2015-08-10 2020-01-07 Hangzhou Zero Zero Technology Co., Ltd. System and method for automated aerial system operation
US10435144B2 (en) * 2016-04-24 2019-10-08 Hangzhou Zero Zero Technology Co., Ltd. Aerial system propulsion assembly and method of use

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