US2527609A - Arrangement for coupling to an electric antenna - Google Patents

Arrangement for coupling to an electric antenna Download PDF

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Publication number
US2527609A
US2527609A US679919A US67991946A US2527609A US 2527609 A US2527609 A US 2527609A US 679919 A US679919 A US 679919A US 67991946 A US67991946 A US 67991946A US 2527609 A US2527609 A US 2527609A
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United States
Prior art keywords
coil
antenna
coupling
arrangement
coils
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Expired - Lifetime
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US679919A
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Willoughby Eric Osborne
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International Standard Electric Corp
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International Standard Electric Corp
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Priority to GB20646/45A priority Critical patent/GB615722A/en
Application filed by International Standard Electric Corp filed Critical International Standard Electric Corp
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Publication of US2527609A publication Critical patent/US2527609A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/27Adaptation for use in or on movable bodies
    • H01Q1/28Adaptation for use in or on aircraft, missiles, satellites, or balloons
    • H01Q1/286Adaptation for use in or on aircraft, missiles, satellites, or balloons substantially flush mounted with the skin of the craft
    • H01Q1/287Adaptation for use in or on aircraft, missiles, satellites, or balloons substantially flush mounted with the skin of the craft integrated in a wing or a stabiliser
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q9/00Electrically-short antennas having dimensions not more than twice the operating wavelength and consisting of conductive active radiating elements
    • H01Q9/04Resonant antennas
    • H01Q9/30Resonant antennas with feed to end of elongated active element, e.g. unipole
    • H01Q9/32Vertical arrangement of element
    • H01Q9/34Mast, tower, or like self-supporting or stay-supported antennas

Description

Oct. 3l, 1950 E. o. WILLOUGHBY 2,527,609
ARRANGEMENT FOR COUPLING TO AN ELECTRIC ANTENNA Filed June 2e, 194e @Yagi @5J/@.2
INVENTOR E/C 0. W/LLOUGHBY Patented Oct. 31, 1950 ARRANGEMENT FOR COUPLING TO A ELECTRIC ANTENNA Eric Osborne Willoughby, London, England, assignor to International Standard Electric Corporation, New York, N. Y., .a corporation of Delaware Application June 28, 1946, Serial N0. 679,919 In Great Britain August 10, 1945 Claims.
The present invention relates to electric antennae, and is concerned principally with improved methods of coupling radio transmitters or receivers to antennae.
The invention provides an electric antenna Asystem comprising an antenna, a coil inductively coupled to the antenna and adapted to resonate at the frequency at which the antenna is designed 'tooperate and 'means for connecting thecoil to a radio transmitter or receiver.
The invention also provides an aircraft having a metallic wing adapted to serve as an antenna, a coil inductively coupled to the wing near the 'poin-t of junction with the fuselage of the aircraft, means for tuning the coil to quarter wave resonance at the operating frequency, and a transmission line connecting the coil to a radio transmitter or receiver carried by the aircraft.
i The invention will be explained with reference to the accompanying drawing in which- Figure l shows an earthed base antenna with a :coupling coil according to the invention.
Figures 2 and 3 show insulated or dipole antennae with coupling coils, and
Figurefl shows an insulated -mast antenna ex- (Cl. Z50-33) at the lower end. This coil should be formed from one or more turns of a wire which is a little less than a quarter Wave long at the mean frequency. The coil will accordingly resonate slightly above the mean frequency, and may be tuned to quarter wave resonance by means of a condenser 4 connecting one end of the coil to earth.
A coaxial transmission line 5 connects the other end of the coil 3 to a radiotransmitter or receiver (not shown).
It will be observed that the coil 3 is inductively coupled to the antenna I in the neighborhood of a current antinode, and very eicient oper-ation is thereby secured.
The mutual inductance between the coil 3 and the antenna l provides reactance correction for the impedance of the system as seen from the terminals of the transmission line 5 which im- 2 pedance can be made substantially constant ove a frequency band of appreciable width, and so the transmitting or receiving efficiency over such a band is good.
It will be noted that as the end of the coil 3 remote from the transmission line is open, the input impedance of the system will be low, and therefore will be suitable for matching to a c0- axial line. If a high impedance input is desired, the remote end of the coil 3 may be directly earthed, and the condenser 4 may be Aconnected instead between the other end of the coil and ground. u
The condenser 4 may be provided in any convenient way; it could, for example, be .simply 'a spherical knob or an anti-corona device. It is evident, also, that this condenser `could be omitted altogether if the length of the wire of which the coil 3 is wound were chosen so that the coil is just quarter wave resonant at the mean operating frequency.
It will be understood that the coil 3 could be wound from wire the length of which is approximately any whole number of quarter wavelengths provided that the direction of winding is reversed at each current node on the wire, so that the magnetic lines of force which link the antennae due to all turns of the wire may be in the same direction. It will be remembered that the current in the wire changes its direction after each node is passed.
Figure 2 shows diagrammatically an arrangement according to the invention for coupling to a half wave resonant balanced antenna or dipole 6 which is insulated from ground. In this case the coil 1 is wound from wire of length approximately equal to half the mean operating wavelength, and is placed oppositethe centre of the dipole 6. The arrangement is evidently equivalent to Figure 1 together with its image in the ground. If the coil 'I is not exactly half wave resonant it may be tuned by a condenser (not shown) connected across the end of the feeding transmission line 8, or as shown in Figure 3, the loop of wire from which the coil l is wound may be bisected at the end remote from the terminals,
the condenser 9 being connected between the ends Y of the wire.
Figure 4 shows how a vertical mast antenna insulated from ground may be excited according to the invention. The mast I0 is supported fromv ground on an insulator Il and is stayed by lfour,
plane passing through the mast, the coils :being of course insulated from the guy wires in a suitable manner. The coils are all connected in series, one end of the series being earthed'at I4 and the other end being connected to the central conductor of a co-aXial transmission line I5 leading to a radio transmitter or receiver (not shown). The wire from which the coils I3 are Wound (including the leads to the bottom of the mast) should preferably be about a whole wavelength long at the mean operating frequency (or it could be any whole number of wavelengths long), the coils being so wound in relation to the current nodes that the magnetic lines of force due to all turns of the coils link the antenna I in the same direction. This method of winding and connecting the coils will be called a series aiding connection.
The antenna I0 will in this case be half wave resonant, and the arrangement is clearly an extension of the arrangements described with reference to Figures 2 and 3. A condenser (not shown) may be connected across the terminals of the transmission line I5 for the purpose of tuning the coil system to half wave resonance as previously explained. The inclination of the guy wires I2 may be suitably adjusted so that the sky wave from the upper sloping portions of the coils I3 may be unobjectionable.
What is claimed is:
1. An electric antenna system for operation at 4,a given mean wave length comprising an antenna insulated from ground and adapted to be half wave resonant at the said mean wave length, a
coupling coil adapted to be half wave resonant at the said mean wave length and inductively coupled to the said antenna, and means for connecting the coil to a radio transmitter or receiver, said coupling coil comprising one or more turns of a conducting wire of length substantially equal to one half of the mean operating wavelength,
the ends of which are respectively connected to the conductors of a balanced transmission line.
2. An electric antenna system comprising a vertical antenna insulatedfrom ground and supported by guy wires, a coil system consisting of a plurality of coils each supported by one of said guy wires in a vertical plane adjacent to the centre of the said antenna and inductively coupled thereto, means for connecting the said coils in series aiding to a radio transmitter or receiver, the said coil system being resonant at the same frequency as the antenna.
3. A system according to claim 1 in which the terminals of the coupling coil are shunted by a condenser adapted to tune the coil to half wave resonance.
4. A system according to claim 2 in which the said coils are together formed from a conducting wire of length substantially equal to one or more whole wavelengths of the frequency at which the antenna is resonant.
5. An electric antenna system comprising an antenna, a coil inductively coupled to the antenna andadapted to resonate at the frequency at which the antenna is designed to operate, and means for connecting the coil to a radio transmitter or receiver, said coupling coil comprising turns of a conducting wire of length substantially equal to an odd member of a quarter wavelength at the operating frequency, said turns being arranged about an axis perpendicular to said antenna and clockwise or counter-clockwise in relation to the current nodes such that the magnetic lines of force from all said turns link said antenna in the same direction.
ERIC OSBORNE WILLOUGI-IBY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,008,432 Peterson July 27, 1937 2,044,779 Hanson June 23, 1936 2,113,136 Hansell et al Apr. 5, 1938 2,209,813 Dow July 30, 1940 2,267,445 Cork et al Dec. 23, 1941 2,289,594 Schaper July 14, 1942 2,334,279 Neiman Nov. 16, 1943 V2,404,093 Roberts July 16, 1946
US679919A 1945-08-10 1946-06-28 Arrangement for coupling to an electric antenna Expired - Lifetime US2527609A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB20646/45A GB615722A (en) 1945-08-10 1945-08-10 Improvements in or relating to electric antennae

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FR (1) FR933085A (en)
GB (1) GB615722A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2963703A (en) * 1956-10-01 1960-12-06 Carlyle J Sletten Method and means for antenna coupling
US3253279A (en) * 1963-02-01 1966-05-24 Trg Inc Bandwidth monopole antenna having low ground losses due to a circumferential ground ring
US3278937A (en) * 1962-08-31 1966-10-11 Deco Electronics Inc Antenna near field coupling system
US3365721A (en) * 1963-10-11 1968-01-23 Kaman Aircraft Corp Current discontinuity device
US3419873A (en) * 1964-12-09 1968-12-31 Control Data Corp Monopole antenna
US4131895A (en) * 1976-09-14 1978-12-26 Robinson Ralph O Apparatus for isolating from ground and exciting a conductive tower for use as a vertical antenna

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4899911A (en) * 1988-08-02 1990-02-13 Multimix Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for dispensing an individual beverage serving

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2008432A (en) * 1931-08-29 1935-07-16 Horace B Fay Manufacture of vulcanized fiber
US2044779A (en) * 1933-04-08 1936-06-23 Malcolm P Hanson High frequency collecting and radiating structure
US2112136A (en) * 1936-03-12 1938-03-22 Philips Nv Electron discharge device
US2209813A (en) * 1936-07-20 1940-07-30 Jennings B Dow Antenna system
US2267445A (en) * 1937-05-01 1941-12-23 Emi Ltd Electric high frequency signaling system
US2289594A (en) * 1940-08-07 1942-07-14 Johnson Lab Inc Coupled loop collector circuit
US2334279A (en) * 1938-03-10 1943-11-16 Rca Corp Antenna construction
US2404093A (en) * 1941-06-28 1946-07-16 Rca Corp Antenna

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2008432A (en) * 1931-08-29 1935-07-16 Horace B Fay Manufacture of vulcanized fiber
US2044779A (en) * 1933-04-08 1936-06-23 Malcolm P Hanson High frequency collecting and radiating structure
US2112136A (en) * 1936-03-12 1938-03-22 Philips Nv Electron discharge device
US2209813A (en) * 1936-07-20 1940-07-30 Jennings B Dow Antenna system
US2267445A (en) * 1937-05-01 1941-12-23 Emi Ltd Electric high frequency signaling system
US2334279A (en) * 1938-03-10 1943-11-16 Rca Corp Antenna construction
US2289594A (en) * 1940-08-07 1942-07-14 Johnson Lab Inc Coupled loop collector circuit
US2404093A (en) * 1941-06-28 1946-07-16 Rca Corp Antenna

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2963703A (en) * 1956-10-01 1960-12-06 Carlyle J Sletten Method and means for antenna coupling
US3278937A (en) * 1962-08-31 1966-10-11 Deco Electronics Inc Antenna near field coupling system
US3253279A (en) * 1963-02-01 1966-05-24 Trg Inc Bandwidth monopole antenna having low ground losses due to a circumferential ground ring
US3365721A (en) * 1963-10-11 1968-01-23 Kaman Aircraft Corp Current discontinuity device
US3419873A (en) * 1964-12-09 1968-12-31 Control Data Corp Monopole antenna
US4131895A (en) * 1976-09-14 1978-12-26 Robinson Ralph O Apparatus for isolating from ground and exciting a conductive tower for use as a vertical antenna

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Publication number Publication date
GB615722A (en) 1949-01-11
FR933085A (en) 1948-04-09

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