US2489154A - Magnetic closure fastener - Google Patents

Magnetic closure fastener Download PDF

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Publication number
US2489154A
US2489154A US17248A US2489154A US 2489154 A US2489154 A US 2489154A US 17248 A US17248 A US 17248A US 2489154 A US2489154 A US 2489154A
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United States
Prior art keywords
magnet
door
armature
doors
cabinet
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Expired - Lifetime
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Cyril M Relton
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Cyril M Relton
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Priority to US17248 priority Critical patent/US2489154A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C19/00Other devices specially designed for securing wings, e.g. with suction cups
    • E05C19/16Devices holding the wing by magnetic or electromagnetic attraction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/11Magnetic

Description

Nov. 22, 1949 c. M. RELTON 2,439,154

IAGNET IC CLOSIjRE FASTENER I Filed Jan. 2,1948

CY)?! 1.; M Penn-0N INVENTOR.

Patented Nov. 22, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE MAGNETIC CLOSURE FASTENEB Cyril M. Bolton, Seaside, Oreg. I Application January 2, 1948, Serial No. 1'12 1 This invention relates to improvements in door and closure fasteners.

It is one of the principal objects of the invention to provide a door fastener of a magnetic type to replace the various types of mechanical and I spring actuated door latches now commonly used, for example on built-in cabinets and which frequently become out of adjustment and fail to maintain the doors in a closed position.

My new and improved fastener is of simple and eflicient construction consisting of only two parts in a one door cabinet and three parts in atwo door cabinet. One part consisting of a permanent magnet and the other an armature. In a twodoor cabinet two armatures are provided for a single magnet.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a fastener of this character which is readily adaptable to all types of closures including doors, windows, and the like. The invention is also advantageously useful on doors of hospital rooms, sick rooms, and the like, since there are no movable parts operable by door knobs, and the like, which are noisy in operation and disturbing to a patient. A still further object of the invention is the provision of a magnetic fastener of the character described whose component parts are readily adaptable to closures and their frames in a wide range of adjustable positions.

These and other objects will appear as my invention is more fully hereinafter described in the following specification, illustrated in the accompanyin drawing and finally pointed out in the appended claim.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a cabinet showing my new and improved fastener applied to the doors and one of the shelves of the cabinet.

Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary plan view of one edge of a shelf showing a magnet adjustably mounted to the underside thereof, and an armature secured to each door of the cabinet for operative engagement with the magnet for holding the doors in a closed position. I

Figure 3 is an end elevation of Figure 2 as viewed from the right hand side thereof.

Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 3 showing the armature embedded in the door.

Figure 5 is a composite perspective view of a 1 Claim. ((1292-70) '2 inl teferring now more particularly to the draw- 8: y In Figure 1,- I have shown a cabinet, generally indicated at I, provided with doors 2 and 3 and having any number of shelves 4 and 5 on its interior. It is to be understood that I do not wish to be limited to any particular type of cabinet, the number of doors, or whether it is a built-in cabinet, or an individual portable type, since obviously the invention is applicable to any type of door or closure and its supporting frame.

To either the bottom or top side of one of the shelves, I secure a magnet generally indicated at 6 by means of wood screws, or the like, indicated at I. The magnet consists of a solid block of metal formed with laterally extending flanges I which are slotted in the direction of their length as indicated at 9 for passage of the screws therethrough. By means of the slots the magnet may be adjustably positioned with respect to the out-' side edge of the shelf or any other support, as shown in Figures 3 and 4. In cabinets provided with double doors as shown in Figure 1, I provide each door with an armature as indicated at [0 and II in position to contact the permanent magnet and to be held thereagainst by magnetic forces when the doors are closed. When two armatures are used the magnet is of sufficient length to accommodate both of them. When however, a single armature is used on a single door the magnet may, of burse, be reduced in length.

In Figure 5, I have illustrated a modified form of magnet consisting of a pair of parallel plates I 2 and I3 formed integral with or secured to a spacer block II in the form of a cylindrical magnet core. The ends of both plates are slotted as at I! and It to adjustably accommodate fastening screws as in the form of the invention illustrated in Figures 1 to 4. The armature I1 is the same as that shown in the other form of the invention and engages with the parallel side edges of the plates l2 and I3.

To eliminate any noise resulting from the armature striking the magnet, I may provide each corner of the contacting face of the armature with a block of thin rubber or other resilient material such as indicated at It in Figure 6.

While I have shown a particular form of embodiment of my invention, I am aware that many minor changese therein will readily suggest themselves to others skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Having thus described the invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

' contact with said magnet, and resilient shock absorblng means secured to each corner of the armature' and edepted for contact wlth said magnet. 7

CYRIL H. HI TON.

4 nee-masons cmm The following references ere of record in the tile of this potent:

. UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Hinchey Sept. 12, 1916 Ronnln: June 4, 1940 Burton July 30, 1940 Catherall Apr. 29, 1941

US17248 1948-01-02 1948-01-02 Magnetic closure fastener Expired - Lifetime US2489154A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2609221A (en) * 1949-08-06 1952-09-02 Lab Equipment Corp Magnetic door catch
US2690349A (en) * 1951-03-26 1954-09-28 Macy O Teetor Magnetic door catch
US2726110A (en) * 1954-10-08 1955-12-06 T K Corp Magnetic catch
US2808281A (en) * 1956-01-04 1957-10-01 Clark Hartwell Magnetic latch
US2910319A (en) * 1957-04-19 1959-10-27 Macy O Teetor Magnetic catch
US2920253A (en) * 1956-03-06 1960-01-05 Engineered Products Company Magnetic catch
US3016563A (en) * 1959-03-04 1962-01-16 Jong George Edward De Combined hinge and catch
US4323214A (en) * 1980-07-21 1982-04-06 Deluca Nicholas E Book reading rest
US4703981A (en) * 1986-01-22 1987-11-03 Stewart Industries, Inc. Collapsible cabinet
US5624044A (en) * 1995-05-18 1997-04-29 Tee-Lok Corporation Customizible display apparatus with printed signage
US20090127987A1 (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-21 Waterloo Industries, Inc. Door latch
US20150022070A1 (en) * 2013-07-22 2015-01-22 Compx International Inc. Latch assembly for multiple doors

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1198227A (en) * 1916-02-19 1916-09-12 Charlotte Hinchey Door-holding means.
US2203580A (en) * 1938-06-09 1940-06-04 Ronning Adolph Door catch
US2209809A (en) * 1937-01-16 1940-07-30 Walter E Burton Magnetic holding means
US2240035A (en) * 1938-03-23 1941-04-29 Catherall Alfred Cyril Securing device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1198227A (en) * 1916-02-19 1916-09-12 Charlotte Hinchey Door-holding means.
US2209809A (en) * 1937-01-16 1940-07-30 Walter E Burton Magnetic holding means
US2240035A (en) * 1938-03-23 1941-04-29 Catherall Alfred Cyril Securing device
US2203580A (en) * 1938-06-09 1940-06-04 Ronning Adolph Door catch

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2609221A (en) * 1949-08-06 1952-09-02 Lab Equipment Corp Magnetic door catch
US2690349A (en) * 1951-03-26 1954-09-28 Macy O Teetor Magnetic door catch
US2726110A (en) * 1954-10-08 1955-12-06 T K Corp Magnetic catch
US2808281A (en) * 1956-01-04 1957-10-01 Clark Hartwell Magnetic latch
US2920253A (en) * 1956-03-06 1960-01-05 Engineered Products Company Magnetic catch
US2910319A (en) * 1957-04-19 1959-10-27 Macy O Teetor Magnetic catch
US3016563A (en) * 1959-03-04 1962-01-16 Jong George Edward De Combined hinge and catch
US4323214A (en) * 1980-07-21 1982-04-06 Deluca Nicholas E Book reading rest
US4703981A (en) * 1986-01-22 1987-11-03 Stewart Industries, Inc. Collapsible cabinet
US5624044A (en) * 1995-05-18 1997-04-29 Tee-Lok Corporation Customizible display apparatus with printed signage
US20090127987A1 (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-21 Waterloo Industries, Inc. Door latch
US8240786B2 (en) * 2007-11-16 2012-08-14 Waterloo Industries, Inc. Door latch
US20150022070A1 (en) * 2013-07-22 2015-01-22 Compx International Inc. Latch assembly for multiple doors
US9388613B2 (en) * 2013-07-22 2016-07-12 Compx International Inc. Latch assembly for multiple doors

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