US2467413A - Liquid oxygen pumping system - Google Patents

Liquid oxygen pumping system Download PDF

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US2467413A
US2467413A US64798446A US2467413A US 2467413 A US2467413 A US 2467413A US 64798446 A US64798446 A US 64798446A US 2467413 A US2467413 A US 2467413A
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gas
liquid
pressure
motor
pump
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William A Wildhack
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William A Wildhack
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B43/00Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members
    • F04B43/08Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members having tubular flexible members
    • F04B43/10Pumps having fluid drive
    • F04B43/113Pumps having fluid drive the actuating fluid being controlled by at least one valve
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01LCYCLICALLY OPERATING VALVES FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01L23/00Valves controlled by impact by piston, e.g. in free-piston machines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B9/00Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members
    • F04B9/08Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members the means being fluid
    • F04B9/12Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members the means being fluid the fluid being elastic, e.g. steam or air
    • F04B9/123Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members the means being fluid the fluid being elastic, e.g. steam or air having only one pumping chamber
    • F04B9/127Piston machines or pumps characterised by the driving or driven means to or from their working members the means being fluid the fluid being elastic, e.g. steam or air having only one pumping chamber rectilinear movement of the pumping member in the working direction being obtained by a single-acting elastic-fluid motor, e.g. actuated in the other direction by gravity or a spring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C9/00Methods or apparatus for discharging liquefied or solidified gases from vessels not under pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2205/00Vessel construction, in particular mounting arrangements, attachments or identifications means
    • F17C2205/01Mounting arrangements
    • F17C2205/0153Details of mounting arrangements
    • F17C2205/0176Details of mounting arrangements with ventilation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2205/00Vessel construction, in particular mounting arrangements, attachments or identifications means
    • F17C2205/03Fluid connections, filters, valves, closure means or other attachments
    • F17C2205/0302Fittings, valves, filters, or components in connection with the gas storage device
    • F17C2205/0323Valves
    • F17C2205/0329Valves manually actuated
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2205/00Vessel construction, in particular mounting arrangements, attachments or identifications means
    • F17C2205/03Fluid connections, filters, valves, closure means or other attachments
    • F17C2205/0302Fittings, valves, filters, or components in connection with the gas storage device
    • F17C2205/0323Valves
    • F17C2205/0332Safety valves or pressure relief valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2205/00Vessel construction, in particular mounting arrangements, attachments or identifications means
    • F17C2205/03Fluid connections, filters, valves, closure means or other attachments
    • F17C2205/0302Fittings, valves, filters, or components in connection with the gas storage device
    • F17C2205/0323Valves
    • F17C2205/0335Check-valves or non-return valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2221/00Handled fluid, in particular type of fluid
    • F17C2221/01Pure fluids
    • F17C2221/011Oxygen
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2223/00Handled fluid before transfer, i.e. state of fluid when stored in the vessel or before transfer from the vessel
    • F17C2223/01Handled fluid before transfer, i.e. state of fluid when stored in the vessel or before transfer from the vessel characterised by the phase
    • F17C2223/0146Two-phase
    • F17C2223/0153Liquefied gas, e.g. LPG, GPL
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2223/00Handled fluid before transfer, i.e. state of fluid when stored in the vessel or before transfer from the vessel
    • F17C2223/03Handled fluid before transfer, i.e. state of fluid when stored in the vessel or before transfer from the vessel characterised by the pressure level
    • F17C2223/033Small pressure, e.g. for liquefied gas
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2223/00Handled fluid before transfer, i.e. state of fluid when stored in the vessel or before transfer from the vessel
    • F17C2223/04Handled fluid before transfer, i.e. state of fluid when stored in the vessel or before transfer from the vessel characterised by other properties of handled fluid before transfer
    • F17C2223/042Localisation of the removal point
    • F17C2223/046Localisation of the removal point in the liquid
    • F17C2223/047Localisation of the removal point in the liquid with a dip tube
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2225/00Handled fluid after transfer, i.e. state of fluid after transfer from the vessel
    • F17C2225/01Handled fluid after transfer, i.e. state of fluid after transfer from the vessel characterised by the phase
    • F17C2225/0107Single phase
    • F17C2225/0123Single phase gaseous, e.g. CNG, GNC
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2225/00Handled fluid after transfer, i.e. state of fluid after transfer from the vessel
    • F17C2225/04Handled fluid after transfer, i.e. state of fluid after transfer from the vessel characterised by other properties of handled fluid after transfer
    • F17C2225/042Localisation of the filling point
    • F17C2225/046Localisation of the filling point in the liquid
    • F17C2225/047Localisation of the filling point in the liquid with a dip tube
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2227/00Transfer of fluids, i.e. method or means for transferring the fluid; Heat exchange with the fluid
    • F17C2227/01Propulsion of the fluid
    • F17C2227/0128Propulsion of the fluid with pumps or compressors
    • F17C2227/0135Pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2227/00Transfer of fluids, i.e. method or means for transferring the fluid; Heat exchange with the fluid
    • F17C2227/03Heat exchange with the fluid
    • F17C2227/0302Heat exchange with the fluid by heating
    • F17C2227/0309Heat exchange with the fluid by heating using another fluid
    • F17C2227/0311Air heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2227/00Transfer of fluids, i.e. method or means for transferring the fluid; Heat exchange with the fluid
    • F17C2227/03Heat exchange with the fluid
    • F17C2227/0367Localisation of heat exchange
    • F17C2227/0388Localisation of heat exchange separate
    • F17C2227/0393Localisation of heat exchange separate using a vaporiser
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2265/00Effects achieved by gas storage or gas handling
    • F17C2265/03Treating the boil-off
    • F17C2265/031Treating the boil-off by discharge
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2265/00Effects achieved by gas storage or gas handling
    • F17C2265/03Treating the boil-off
    • F17C2265/032Treating the boil-off by recovery
    • F17C2265/033Treating the boil-off by recovery with cooling
    • F17C2265/034Treating the boil-off by recovery with cooling with condensing the gas phase
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2270/00Applications
    • F17C2270/01Applications for fluid transport or storage
    • F17C2270/0186Applications for fluid transport or storage in the air or in space
    • F17C2270/0189Planes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F17STORING OF DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS
    • F17CVESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES; FIXED-CAPACITY GAS-HOLDERS; FILLING VESSELS WITH, OR DISCHARGING FROM VESSELS, COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED, OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
    • F17C2270/00Applications
    • F17C2270/01Applications for fluid transport or storage
    • F17C2270/0186Applications for fluid transport or storage in the air or in space
    • F17C2270/0197Rockets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/2931Diverse fluid containing pressure systems
    • Y10T137/3115Gas pressure storage over or displacement of liquid
    • Y10T137/3127With gas maintenance or application
    • Y10T137/313Gas carried by or evolved from liquid

Description

W. A. WILDHACK LIQUID OXYGEN PUMPING SYSTEM April 19, 1949; 2,467,413

2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 15, 1946 Pressure Reducing 2 VWRIZER MOTOR L/OU/D 32 Vem um v v v LIQUID m'YGEN TANK 3 T0 AUX/7W) V 2/ 27 Gas Supply 29 Fig.

E VAPORA TOR Adjustable 10 To Aux/712 GasSupp/y William A. Mid/lack m W/Jf Fig; 2

Patented Apr. 19, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE (Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as amended April 30, 1928; 370 0. G. 757) This invention relates to means for pumping of liquid oxygen, and more particularly to pumping systems utilizing heat energy absorbed by the liquid oxygen itself, to operate the pumps in a most eiilcient manner.

Pumping oi liquid oxygen may be desired in transferring the liquid from one container to another, in pumping liquid from a container to an evaporator or vaporizer for filling of cylinders with gas, or in supplying gaseous or liquid oxygen to engines, jets, or rockets.

The object of the present invention is to provide oxygen pumping means suitable for use in aircraft, projectiles and the like, and driven by oxygen gas obtained by evaporation of part of the liquid oxygen supply, wherein the exhaust oxygen from the driving means may be condensed and returned to the liquid oxygen supply.

Another object is to provide a simple pumping system for liquid oxygen for delivery either directly in liquid form or through an evaporator or vaporizer in gaseous form as may be desired, using some of the gaseous oxygen as a source of suflicient motive fluid for operating the pump or pumps, and utilizing this portion of the gaseous oxygen, after it has served its purpose as a motive fluid by condensing and returning it to the liquid source, or by delivering it to the gaseous delivery line.

Other and more specific objects will appear in the course of the following description of the illustrative forms oi. this invention, having reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a pumping system based on the present invention; and

Figs. 2 and 3 are partially schematic views of similar pumping systems showing two different forms of reciprocatingpumps which may be used therein particularly for small capacity installations.

The operation can be understood by reference to Fig. 1, in which the flow directions are shown by arrows. Liquid pumped under pressure into a vaporizer 3| is evaporated by absorption of heat. Part of this gas is delivered to a gas motor 32 through a control valve 5. The gas is utilized in the gas motor 32 to drive the liquid pump 33, which takes liquid from the reservoir or tank 34 and delivers it under pressure. Liquid may be delivered through the manual or automatic control valve 20, or gas through the manual or automatic control valve 2|. At least part of the liquid pumped passes through the evaporator or vaporizer 3|, thence through the control valve 5 and the motor. The exhaust gas from the motor is shown as flowing through a heat interchanger 28, warming the delivered liquid and being itself cooled, or perhaps partially condensed. and thence to condense in the liquid supply.

If delivery of liquid at low vapor pressure is desired, the heat interchanger 28 can be omitted, or placed in the evaporator circuit, or be made a part of the evaporator. The evaporator or vaporizer 3| may be either a coil of tubing absorbing heat from the atmosphere, or any other type of heat interchanger heated by any other means.

If delivery of gas is desired. the exhaust gas from the motor may be led directly, or through a pressure reducer. to the gas delivery line 29. For this use, the pump delivery pressure must be maintained high enough so that the exhaust pressure from the gas motor is equal to or greater than the line pressure desired. Obviously, the exhaust gas may be used separately at a suflicient pressure, or allowed to escape it economy is not essential.

The pressure reducing valve circuit 26 shown in Fig. 1 is not essential in all embodiments of this invention, but is desirable when the liquid is to be raised above its original level before enteringthe pump. Its purpose is to maintain the liquid pumped under a pressure greater than its equilibrium vapor pressure to avoid vapor lock in the pump. The warm gas delivered through the circuit 26 condenses only partially on the surface of the liquid in tank 34. The layer so condensed constitutes a relatively warm liquid layer of high vapor pressure. Because of the great change in density of liquifled oxygen with temperature, this surface layer will persist for a long time before the mass of the liquid is warmed to the same temperature. Thus, it is possible in this way to pressurize the main body of liquid without warming it.

It has been found by experience that the condensation of gas introduced into the space above the liquid proceeds slowly, so that excessively high pressures may be generated by adding more and more gas without special provision for con densing, as is provided in my invention.

As shown, the circuit 26 can supply a pressure only equal to the pressure drop across the heat interchanger condenser circuit 3. If this is not sufficient the circuit 26 may be connected on the other side of the motor 32, or even on the other side of valve 5. A separate auxiliary gas supply (as from a tank of compressed gas or another liquid oxygen converter) may be utilized to sup- 3 ply pressure in this circuit through valve 30, particularly for starting.

-To stop the operation of the system, the valve is closed. Valves 20 and 2| may then be closed, or check valves may be provided to prevent return flow if the apparatus supplied maintains pressure. To start the operation, the motor may be driven by an auxiliary gas supply, which is turned off at 30 as soon as the delivery pressure has built up sufficiently. Or, if some-pressure exists in the storage container, either because of vapor pressure being above atmospheric, or supplied from the pressure reducercircuit 26, the

vent 21 may be opened momentarily, allowing liquid to flow through the pump, and into the evaporator. When the vent is closed, pressure builds up in the pump and evaporator circuit as the liquid evaporates. Opening the control valve 5 then starts the motor.

In operation, the pressure delivered by the pump 33 must be greater than that required to drive the motor 32, the exhaust pressure greater than the gas pressure in the storage tank 34 if the exhaust gas is to be condensed, and the pressure in the storage tank 34 greater than the equilibrium vapor pressure by at least the lift from the tank to the pump.

Obviously, it is simpler if the pump 33 can be installed in or below the storage tank with no lift required. However, the embodiment shown was selected to show how satisfactory operation merely bubbling the exhaust gas flowing out of,

conduit 3 through the remaining liquid in the supply tank 34, and an atmospheric evaporator or vaporizer 3| is usually adequate.

Referring to Fig. 2, this system operates as follows: When the starting vent valve 4 and high pressure valve 5 are opened, gas pressure in the evaporator or vaporizer circuit starts the motor I, and valve 4 may then be closed. The pressure of gas in the evaporator or vaporizer circuit pushes the piston 6 to the left, forcing liquid in the pumping chamber 1 into the evaporator or vaporizing circuit. When the valves 8 and 9 are moved to the other position at the end of the pumping stroke by the lost motion linkage 22, 23, 24, the driving gas is pushed out of the motor chamber In through outlet valve 8 as a result 01' the force of the compressed spring II and exhausts through a heat interchanger and through the check valve l9 and the conduit 3 to condense in the storage liquid. A the compression spring moves the piston 6 to the right, the plunger portion |2 on piston 6 draws liquid from the storage supply through conduit l3 into the pumping chamber 1, and the cycle then repeats. The cylinder vent I4 is provided to avoid compression, under the large end of the piston, and to vent blow-by gas. Operation may be started either as mentioned above, by opening the starting vent valve 4, with the storage liquid under somepressure, or by supplying gas under pressure to the motor inlet. To avoid vapor lock, the liquid should be supplied under pressure, either by pressurizing the supply container, or by installing the pump with a direct connection below the storage level. If the exhaust gas is used to pressurize the storage container, the pressure must not be so high but that the spring H can force the piston 6 to the right against the pressure acting on the differential area of the piston 6 and plunger l2.

For most eflicient utilization of gas and power. the dead volumein the chamber l0 should be as small as possible.

The areas of the piston and the plunger may be made equal for convenience of construction. but if so, the spring must work oppositely, to pump the liquid, and the return stroke must be powered by the pressure of the liquid from the storage container. Some gas must be vented to permit this operation.

A form of pump embodying these principles is shown in Fig. 3, with a flexible bellows l6 shown as a preferred construction instead of a piston.

The system here is the same as in Fig, 2, except for the action of the pump. Here the liquid is forced into the evaporator or vaporizer 3| circuit by the action of th tension spring l5 compressing the bellows IS, the pressures being essentially equal on the two sides of the bellows when the inlet valve 9' is open. When the valve positions reverse most of the gas in chamber l8 exhausts through the heat interchanger 28 and check valve 9 and conduit 3 to condense in the tank 34, but when the pressure falls below a certain value, the exhaust valv biased inwardly by a predetermined resilient force, opens and the remaining gas is vented to the atmosphere. The bellows 6 is expanded and the spring I5 stretched by liquid forced into the pump chamber 1' by the pressure over the storage liquid in tank 34.

The delivery valves 20 for liquid delivery and 2| for gas delivery may be of any suitable type.

The device is called a liquid oxygen pumping systern, but may be applied to the pumping of other liquified gases.

Various modifications in the form and ar rangement of the parts herein disclosed may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, as defined in the appended claims.

The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

Whatisclaimedis:

1. A liquid oxygen pump apparatus comprising a storage tank for liquid oxygen, a heat interchanger, a liquid oxygen pump for pumping liquid from said storage tank to a delivery line through said interchanger, an evaporator connected to said line for evaporating a portion of the liquid supplied thereby, a gas delivery line connected to said evaporator, a gas motor for driving said pump energized by gas supplied from said gas delivery line through a control valve, a conduit for conducting the exhaust gas from said motor to'said heat interchanger for cooling said gas, and another conduit for conof the liquid supplied thereby, a gas delivery line connected to said evaporator, a gas motor for driving said pump energized by gas supplied from said gas delivery line through a control valve, a conduit for conductin the exhaust gas from said motor to said heat interchanger for cooling said gas, another conduit for conducting the cooled gas from said heat interchanger to the liquid in said storage tank for condensation therein, and a connection between the gas in said heat interchanger and the gas phase in said storage tank having a pressure reducing valve therein for maintaining a pressure differential to provide return flow of said cooled gas to the liquid in said storage tank through said other conduit.

3. A liquid oxygen pump apparatus comprising a storage tank for liquid oxygen, a heat interchanger, a liquid oxygen pump for pumping liquid from said storage tank to a delivery line through said interchanger, an evaporator connected to said line for evaporating a portion of the liquid supplied thereby, a gas delivery line connected to said evaporator, a gas motor for driving said pump energized by gas supplied from said gas delivery line through a control valve, a conduit for conducting the exhaust gas from said motor to said heat interchanger for cooling said gas, another conduit for conducting the gas from said heat interchanger to the liquid in said storage tank for condensation therein, and a starting vent valve connected to the motor exhaust gas conduit.

4. Apparatus as defined in claim 1 wherein the pump and motor is a piston unit of the reciprocating type, spring actuated in one direction and gas pressure actuated in the other.

5. Apparatus as defined in claim 1 wherein the pump and motor is a combined piston unit of the reciprocating type, spring actuated in one direction and gas pressure actuated in the other, having a vent conduit for conducting the blow oil gas from the rear of said motor piston to the exhaust gas conduit and to relieve the pressure at the rear of the motor piston.

- 6. Apparatus as defined in claim 3 wherein the pump and motor are combined into a bellowstype reciprocating unit, spring drawn in one direction, and difierential pressure actuated in the other direction by relieving the pressure on the outside of the bellows to atmospheric whenever said pressure is reduced to a predetermined limit, and a spring pressed exhaust valve opening inwardly by spring pressure, connected to the motor exhaust gas conduit for opening the latter to the atmosphere.

7. A pumping system for liquified gas comprising a liquified gas container, a pump driven by a gas motor for pumping said liquified gas from said container, an evaporator connected between said pump discharge and said motor, said motor being powered by gas obtained from the evaporation of some ofthe liquid being pumped, and means for condensing the spent motive gas from the motor in the storage liquid;

8. A pumping system for liquified gas comprising a liquified gas container, a pump driven by a gas motor for pumping said liquified gas from said container, an evaporator connected between said pump discharge and said motor, said motor being powered by gas obtained from the evaporation of some of the liquid being pumped, means for condensing the spent motive gas from the motor in the storage liquid, and means for maintaining pressure above the storage liquid at a value greater than its equilibrium value.

9. A pump for pumping liquified gas from a container, driven by a motor operating by gas under pressure, atmospheric heat absorbing means for evaporating a suflicient amount of the discharge from said pump to supply the motive gas to said motor,'a return conduit for the exhausted gas from said motor to the liquified gas from the container for condensation therein, and a heat exchanger in said return conduit for cooling said exhausted gas by the cooler discharge from the pump.

.10. A pump for pumping liquified gas from a container, driven by a motor operating by gas under pressure, atmospheric heat absorbing means for evaporating a suflicient amount of the discharge from said pump to supply the motive gas to said motor, a return conduit for the exhausted gas from said motor to the liquified gas from the container for condensation therein, a heat exchanger in said return conduit for cooling said exhausted gas by the cooler discharge from the pump, and means for maintaining pressure above the liquified gas in the container at a greater valuethan its equilibrium vapor pressure.

11. A pump for pumping liquified gas from a container, driven bya motor operating by gas under pressure, atmospheric heat absorbing means for evaporating a sufiicient amount of the discharge from said pump to supply the motive gas to said motor, a return conduit for the exhaust gas from said motor to the liquified gas from the container for condensation therein, a heat exchanger in said return conduit for cooling said exhausted gas by the cooler discharge from the pump, means for maintaining pressure above liquified gas in the container at a greater value than its equilibrium vapor pressure, and a conduit with a pressure reducing valve between a sufliciently high pressure point in the discharge from said pump and the container to control and maintain said greater value of pressure in the container.

WILLIAM A. WILDHACK.

REFERENCES CITED I The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Germany June 17, 1940

US2467413A 1946-02-15 1946-02-15 Liquid oxygen pumping system Expired - Lifetime US2467413A (en)

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US2467413A US2467413A (en) 1946-02-15 1946-02-15 Liquid oxygen pumping system

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US2467413A US2467413A (en) 1946-02-15 1946-02-15 Liquid oxygen pumping system
GB374647A GB631196A (en) 1946-02-15 1947-02-07 Liquified gas pumping systems
FR946232A FR946232A (en) 1946-02-15 1947-02-15 oxygen pumping systems or other liquefied gases

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2641907A (en) * 1950-08-31 1953-06-16 Carson D Baucom Self-aid high-pressure metering system
US2685174A (en) * 1951-06-07 1954-08-03 Joy Mfg Co Method of and apparatus for the separation of gases
US2700876A (en) * 1951-12-03 1955-02-01 Air Liquide Plant for forcing gas under pressure from the liquefied gas
US2750753A (en) * 1955-09-14 1956-06-19 Richard W Armstrong Self-powered liquid oxygen pump and vaporizer
DE944669C (en) * 1951-10-23 1956-06-21 Knapsack Ag A process for the recovery of the resulting low-boiling liquefied gases in pumping exhaust gases
US2854826A (en) * 1955-01-12 1958-10-07 John Blue Company Inc Method and system for transferring a pressurized normally gaseous liquid
US2895305A (en) * 1954-12-20 1959-07-21 Phillips Petroleum Co L.p.g. removal from underground storage
US3018634A (en) * 1958-04-11 1962-01-30 Phillips Petroleum Co Method and apparatus for vaporizing liquefied gases and obtaining power
US3105361A (en) * 1961-11-20 1963-10-01 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Zero gravity vent system
US3123983A (en) * 1961-01-16 1964-03-10 Means for removal of liquefied gas
US3127752A (en) * 1961-11-22 1964-04-07 John P Smith Automatic mobile liquid petroleum transfer device
US3154928A (en) * 1962-04-24 1964-11-03 Conch Int Methane Ltd Gasification of a liquid gas with simultaneous production of mechanical energy
US3304730A (en) * 1965-06-09 1967-02-21 Robert B Gorham Device to aid pumping of volatile gases
US3591962A (en) * 1969-03-26 1971-07-13 Systems Capital Corp Cryogenic power source for starting jet engines
US3800550A (en) * 1971-12-01 1974-04-02 Chicago Bridge & Iron Co System for reliquefying boil-off vapor from liquefied gas
US4310491A (en) * 1980-03-05 1982-01-12 Hitachi, Ltd. Apparatus for supplying raw liquid and relieving pressure of high-pressure product liquid
US4314447A (en) * 1979-07-02 1982-02-09 Carrier Corporation Refrigerant motor
US4373750A (en) * 1979-10-30 1983-02-15 Societe Anonyme Dite: Vallourec Joint for pipe intended for petroleum industry
EP0099037A1 (en) * 1982-07-01 1984-01-25 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Process and device for the supply of pressurized gas
US4487025A (en) * 1983-04-18 1984-12-11 Halliburton Company Passive booster for pumping liquified gases
US4905719A (en) * 1987-12-30 1990-03-06 Lawless James C Flurocarbon pumping system
US4910964A (en) * 1988-11-14 1990-03-27 The Boc Group, Inc. Liquid cryogenic transfer system
US5211743A (en) * 1989-05-29 1993-05-18 Aga Aktiebolag Treatment of a melt with a gas and means therefor
US5678411A (en) * 1995-04-26 1997-10-21 Ebara Corporation Liquefied gas supply system
US5893707A (en) * 1994-03-03 1999-04-13 Simmons; John M. Pneumatically shifted reciprocating pump
US6203289B1 (en) * 1997-06-09 2001-03-20 Institut Francais Du Petrole Hydraulic alternating volumetric pumping system
US20050091991A1 (en) * 2003-10-29 2005-05-05 Consultoria Ss-Soluciones Sociedad Anonima System and method for storing gases at low temperature using a cold recovery system
US20070266846A1 (en) * 2006-05-18 2007-11-22 Simmons Tom M Reciprocating pump, system or reciprocating pumps, and method of driving reciprocating pumps

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US1871244A (en) * 1931-08-19 1932-08-09 Arthur B Steuart Air conditioning system
DE683153C (en) * 1938-02-17 1939-10-31 Pintsch Julius Kg A process for the production of compressed gas
DE692326C (en) * 1938-02-17 1940-06-17 Pintsch Julius Kg A method for the transfer of liquefied gases

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1871244A (en) * 1931-08-19 1932-08-09 Arthur B Steuart Air conditioning system
DE683153C (en) * 1938-02-17 1939-10-31 Pintsch Julius Kg A process for the production of compressed gas
DE692326C (en) * 1938-02-17 1940-06-17 Pintsch Julius Kg A method for the transfer of liquefied gases

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2641907A (en) * 1950-08-31 1953-06-16 Carson D Baucom Self-aid high-pressure metering system
US2685174A (en) * 1951-06-07 1954-08-03 Joy Mfg Co Method of and apparatus for the separation of gases
DE944669C (en) * 1951-10-23 1956-06-21 Knapsack Ag A process for the recovery of the resulting low-boiling liquefied gases in pumping exhaust gases
US2700876A (en) * 1951-12-03 1955-02-01 Air Liquide Plant for forcing gas under pressure from the liquefied gas
US2895305A (en) * 1954-12-20 1959-07-21 Phillips Petroleum Co L.p.g. removal from underground storage
US2854826A (en) * 1955-01-12 1958-10-07 John Blue Company Inc Method and system for transferring a pressurized normally gaseous liquid
US2750753A (en) * 1955-09-14 1956-06-19 Richard W Armstrong Self-powered liquid oxygen pump and vaporizer
US3018634A (en) * 1958-04-11 1962-01-30 Phillips Petroleum Co Method and apparatus for vaporizing liquefied gases and obtaining power
US3123983A (en) * 1961-01-16 1964-03-10 Means for removal of liquefied gas
US3105361A (en) * 1961-11-20 1963-10-01 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Zero gravity vent system
US3127752A (en) * 1961-11-22 1964-04-07 John P Smith Automatic mobile liquid petroleum transfer device
US3154928A (en) * 1962-04-24 1964-11-03 Conch Int Methane Ltd Gasification of a liquid gas with simultaneous production of mechanical energy
US3304730A (en) * 1965-06-09 1967-02-21 Robert B Gorham Device to aid pumping of volatile gases
US3591962A (en) * 1969-03-26 1971-07-13 Systems Capital Corp Cryogenic power source for starting jet engines
US3800550A (en) * 1971-12-01 1974-04-02 Chicago Bridge & Iron Co System for reliquefying boil-off vapor from liquefied gas
US4314447A (en) * 1979-07-02 1982-02-09 Carrier Corporation Refrigerant motor
US4373750A (en) * 1979-10-30 1983-02-15 Societe Anonyme Dite: Vallourec Joint for pipe intended for petroleum industry
US4310491A (en) * 1980-03-05 1982-01-12 Hitachi, Ltd. Apparatus for supplying raw liquid and relieving pressure of high-pressure product liquid
EP0099037A1 (en) * 1982-07-01 1984-01-25 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Process and device for the supply of pressurized gas
US4487025A (en) * 1983-04-18 1984-12-11 Halliburton Company Passive booster for pumping liquified gases
US4905719A (en) * 1987-12-30 1990-03-06 Lawless James C Flurocarbon pumping system
US4910964A (en) * 1988-11-14 1990-03-27 The Boc Group, Inc. Liquid cryogenic transfer system
US5211743A (en) * 1989-05-29 1993-05-18 Aga Aktiebolag Treatment of a melt with a gas and means therefor
US5893707A (en) * 1994-03-03 1999-04-13 Simmons; John M. Pneumatically shifted reciprocating pump
US5678411A (en) * 1995-04-26 1997-10-21 Ebara Corporation Liquefied gas supply system
US6203289B1 (en) * 1997-06-09 2001-03-20 Institut Francais Du Petrole Hydraulic alternating volumetric pumping system
US20050091991A1 (en) * 2003-10-29 2005-05-05 Consultoria Ss-Soluciones Sociedad Anonima System and method for storing gases at low temperature using a cold recovery system
US7024885B2 (en) 2003-10-29 2006-04-11 Consultoria Ss-Soluciones Sociedad Anonima System and method for storing gases at low temperature using a cold recovery system
US20070266846A1 (en) * 2006-05-18 2007-11-22 Simmons Tom M Reciprocating pump, system or reciprocating pumps, and method of driving reciprocating pumps
US7458309B2 (en) 2006-05-18 2008-12-02 Simmons Tom M Reciprocating pump, system or reciprocating pumps, and method of driving reciprocating pumps

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR946232A (en) 1949-05-27 grant
GB631196A (en) 1949-10-28 application

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