US2453901A - Compound wrench and screw driver - Google Patents

Compound wrench and screw driver Download PDF

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Publication number
US2453901A
US2453901A US569604A US56960444A US2453901A US 2453901 A US2453901 A US 2453901A US 569604 A US569604 A US 569604A US 56960444 A US56960444 A US 56960444A US 2453901 A US2453901 A US 2453901A
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United States
Prior art keywords
wrench
screw driver
tube
socket
sliding
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Expired - Lifetime
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US569604A
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Robert R Gonsett
Gonsett Faust Robert
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Robert R Gonsett
Gonsett Faust Robert
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Application filed by Robert R Gonsett, Gonsett Faust Robert filed Critical Robert R Gonsett
Priority to US569604A priority Critical patent/US2453901A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25FCOMBINATION OR MULTI-PURPOSE TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DETAILS OR COMPONENTS OF PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS NOT PARTICULARLY RELATED TO THE OPERATIONS PERFORMED AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B25F1/00Combination or multi-purpose hand tools
    • B25F1/02Combination or multi-purpose hand tools with interchangeable or adjustable tool elements
    • B25F1/04Combination or multi-purpose hand tools with interchangeable or adjustable tool elements wherein the elements are brought into working positions by a pivoting or sliding movement

Description

Nov. 16, 1948.

COMPOUND WRENCH AND SCREW DRIVER Filed Dec. 23, 1944 ROBERT R GONSETT RUST ET F R 12%? T R. R. GONSETT ETAL 2,4 3,901

Patented Nov. 16, 1948 so ;,s'r-A:r.ss :RATENT oseics COMPOUND 'WRENCH AND SCREW DRIVER Robert R. Gonsett'and Faust-Robert Gonsett, .Los Angelea Calif.

ApplicationDecember 23, 1944,'Serial'No. 5695604 3 Ciaims.

Our. invention relates toa compound wrench and 'screw' driver.

' The mechanical .world in which man is'now environed has become so.varied and so'complex,

"thatjmilders 'and' repair men require and must I carry withjthern many hand. tools. The number required and the Weight of these tools necessitates thatthey be adapted for more thana single service as well as to savespace.

jflhenwrenchinvention hereinset forth is an example of a hand; tool which saves themefchanicstime in the .performance of many meqhflnical l flsks. The repair and the upV-keep men,

,in'iihegabsence ofhavi'ng for their use this inven- -tion, areghurdened with excess weights of special toolsgandwrenches, to the point that their work is impeded andthecosts of that work is increased. invention, provides for theserviceof what ,isknownassocket wrenches and screw drivers,

removing 'or-replacing any given piece from the body of the assembled parts.

A furthertobject of the-invention is to provide a multiple number of screwdriver points within ,the same tube carrier as the wrenches, andto provide -adjustable means for selecting any. given .p oint-;of thescrew driver for service, without removing 'or replacing any given. pieceitromythe body of the assembled unit.

Reference will now .be hadto the. accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective-view .of the wrench.

'.j Eigureizis a top planet-What is shown in Figure'l.

Figure 3 is a transverse section of what is shown in Figure 2 on line 3-3 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a bottom plan view of what is shown in Figure 3 looking in the direction of the arrows 4.

Figure 5 is a perspective view of one of the double socket wrenches which is mounted in the body of the wrench.

Figure 6 is a perspective view of a double ended screw driver which is incorporated in the body of the wrench.

In the manufacture of the wrench there is first provided a suitable tube T of metal in any desirable diameter and length. With suitable dies and tools the ends of the tube T are formed into socket Wrench shapes, one end A for a smaller is provided with an outward projection l. ,endsyof ,the screw driver are connected tQ fither size and 'theother end B'Ior a larger size. The

"ends of the tube T adjacent ,to "the wrench'shapes are milledhatched for hand hold surfaces C.

There is provided a slot S extending lengthwise through the body of the tubeand located centrally through both walls of the tube T in the middle portion thereof.

Meantime there has been prepared a double ended sliding socket wrench, see Figure 5, one end 2 of vwhich is ofa telescoping size smaller than one end A of the outside .tube. The other end 3 of fi e sliding wrench is a size larger thanits end 2. and is a size smaller han .th'ewrench end B, andthis end 3 telescopes into the vWrench.end B of the tube T. Thus there isprovided four different sizes of socket end wrenches ,in this one instrument.

There has also previously been prepared adou- ,ble ended screw driver, see Figure 6, having, the

right end bit .or point 4 larger thanits left-end bit ornpointi. The ends of the slidingwrenchpf Fi ure 5 are connected .together byia bar 6 which ,The

by the bar 8 which has a projection Sextending outwardly through the slot S in a directionopposite to that of the projection l. Theprojections land 9-.of the sliding wrench and the screw, driver are.used "forcontact by the fingersof. the userin 30 moving thesliding wrench and theislidingiscrew driver endwisein .the tube T, as is shownimFig- .ure 3. Asand whendesired, other types'of projections may be used in place .of the projections land 9,.in any suitable formand mountedmror become apart of the bars, Sand 8.

The, ends 2 and. 3. ,of the sliding wrench. are

provided,.with holes 10 in each end thereofinto which thescrew driver bodyismounted and slides within, the embrace of the wrench ends 2.. and. 3 of the sliding wrench, as and when the instrument is entirely assembled for service.

The assembly of the parts together into the tube T takes place while the tube T is still in a normal tubular shape after the ends A and B of the tube T have been formed in socket wrench shapes. The next step then takes place as follows:

One end, normally being the end 4 of the screw driver, will be slid into the opening or hole 10 of the end 3 of the sliding wrench member and the screw driver will then be pushed to the right, as relates to Figure 5, and the reverse movement of the screw driver then places the point 5 into the opening in in the end 2, as is shown in section in Figure 3.

The assembly thus made by uniting the sliding screw driver member with the sliding wrench member, and having their projections l and 8 oppositely opposed as shown in Figure 3, and these projections extending outwardly in position to enter the slots S in the tube T. Then with suitable dies mounted in suitable presses a deformation of the middle part of the tube T takes place, which presses the tube T into a flat area down to a thickness slightly larger than the thicknesses of the bars 6 and 8 of the sliding wrench and the sliding screw driver, which thereby causes the projections 1 andll to enter and extend outwardly through the slots S in the body of the flattened portion F of the tube T, as is indicated in all of the figures, thereby making an assembled compound structure for the purposes described.

The length between the ends 2 and'3 of the sliding wrench is shorter than the overall length of the tube T and the outside length of the wrench ends A and B. Thus by means of the projection l, the sliding wrench can be shoved from its wrenching position at-the left end of Figure 3, and be made to extend to the right to a wrenching position which may take place at the right end of Figure 3. Thus by this adjustability of the sliding wrench there may be used by the operator as desired, four different sizes of socket wrenches.

.The screw driver, being adjustable lengthwise, may have its right end bit 4 protrude and actas a screw driver, or the user may push the projection 9 of Figure 3 toward the left, and thereby cause the end of the screw driver to protrude beyond the tube T and become serviceable as a smaller screw driver bit 5 than that of the bit 4 of the screw driver.

This compound wrench and screw driver, as herein shown, becomes a light and a convenient tool for wrenching purposes. When desired, a clasp end wrench or a pair of pinchersv may be engaged on the fiat surface F of .the wrench and be used as a lever for turning it. However, this type of wrench is normally to be used by the hand without other leverage in revolving the tube comprising a bar having an intermediate integral loop ofiset from the plane of the bar and comprising a projection extended through one of said slots for operation by the thumb or other member.

2. A tool of the character referred to comprising a tubular body having socket-wrench ends of different sizes, a double-ended socket wrench slidable in said tubular body and comprising a pair of wrench sockets and a bar integrally connecting said wrench sockets 'forj slidable movement of said sockets in' andrelatively to the socket-wrench ends of said tubular body. said tubular body having an intermediate flattened portion comprising spaced plane surfaces that are wider than the socket-wrench ends, each provided with elongated slots, said bar having intermediate its length an integral outwardly directed bow adapted to extend through one of the slots in one of said plane surfaces for engagement with and operation by the thumb or other member to slide said wrench sockets in and relatively to the socket-wrench ends.

3. In a tool of the character referred to, a body comprising an intermediate flattened tubular portion having integrally connected end socket-wrenches, said flattened tubular portion comprising flat spaced walls each havinga longitudinal slot therethrough, a pair of tools each comprising end tool elements extendingaxially through the socket-wrench ends and an integral connecting bar, each tool being shorter than the body, the bar of one tool being guided for slidable movement of said tool between the bar of the other tool and one of said fiat walls, the 'bar of said other tool being similarly guided-between the bar of the first mentioned tool and the'other of said fiat walls, and an integral bowed projection formed on an intermediate part of each bar, each projection extending through the slot in the adjacent fiat wall and comprising finger pieces for selection independent of said. pair of tools.

ROBERT R. GONSETTQ 3 FAUST ROBERT GO NSETT REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in th file of this patent: g p

UNITED STATES PATENTSI Great Britain se tqzo, 1935

US569604A 1944-12-23 1944-12-23 Compound wrench and screw driver Expired - Lifetime US2453901A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2786312A (en) * 1955-05-19 1957-03-26 Armitage Harry Work forming apparatus
US3177910A (en) * 1962-10-04 1965-04-13 Silva Julio A Da Tool handle with retractable tool
US3320837A (en) * 1965-10-01 1967-05-23 Edward J Alm Multiple socket wrench
US4730385A (en) * 1987-03-23 1988-03-15 Lockheed Corporation Coax connector installation tool
US5557992A (en) * 1992-04-07 1996-09-24 Proprietary Technologies, Inc. Multi-socket wrench containing dual socket wrench units
US5632056A (en) * 1996-03-18 1997-05-27 Hsiao; Chia-Yuan Bicycle tool assembly
US5950508A (en) * 1998-04-22 1999-09-14 Rossi; Joseph T. Sink clip tool
US6305255B1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2001-10-23 Chih-Ming Wu Modular screwdriver with four usable wrench units of different sizes
US6418821B1 (en) * 1997-11-28 2002-07-16 Sangadensetsukogyo Co., Ltd. Working tool
US6637298B1 (en) 1999-06-10 2003-10-28 O'brien Noel John Socket for a socket wrench
US6705183B1 (en) 2002-10-29 2004-03-16 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corporation Multipurpose tool
US20060155320A1 (en) * 2005-01-07 2006-07-13 Bressler James E Vein filter cartridge
US20060155321A1 (en) * 2005-01-07 2006-07-13 Bressler James E Cartridge for vascular device
US7252022B1 (en) * 1997-08-27 2007-08-07 Losee Jerry L Multiple shop socket tool
US20120210825A1 (en) * 2009-07-08 2012-08-23 Rikenseiko Co., Ltd. Manufacturing Process of a Wheel Nut Wrench
US9533407B1 (en) 2013-05-30 2017-01-03 Gary Dean Ragner Pivotal double-ended multisockets
US20170113331A1 (en) * 2015-10-26 2017-04-27 Malco Products, Inc. 4-in-1 multiple socket driver
USD854966S1 (en) * 2017-10-05 2019-07-30 Tateossian Brands Limited Cufflink
USD861453S1 (en) 2016-02-22 2019-10-01 Malco Products, Inc. 4-in-1 multiple socket driver

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US198544A (en) * 1877-12-25 Improvement in wrenches
US1281438A (en) * 1916-02-29 1918-10-15 Walter I Tuttle Wrench.
US1323056A (en) * 1919-11-25 Combined tool
GB138543A (en) * 1919-06-26 1920-02-12 Thomas Muscott Freeman Improvements in spanners or wrenches
US1689376A (en) * 1927-06-22 1928-10-30 Zilliox John Multiple bit tool
GB435410A (en) * 1934-03-20 1935-09-20 Francis Le Gros Improvements in and relating to box spanners

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US198544A (en) * 1877-12-25 Improvement in wrenches
US1323056A (en) * 1919-11-25 Combined tool
US1281438A (en) * 1916-02-29 1918-10-15 Walter I Tuttle Wrench.
GB138543A (en) * 1919-06-26 1920-02-12 Thomas Muscott Freeman Improvements in spanners or wrenches
US1689376A (en) * 1927-06-22 1928-10-30 Zilliox John Multiple bit tool
GB435410A (en) * 1934-03-20 1935-09-20 Francis Le Gros Improvements in and relating to box spanners

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2786312A (en) * 1955-05-19 1957-03-26 Armitage Harry Work forming apparatus
US3177910A (en) * 1962-10-04 1965-04-13 Silva Julio A Da Tool handle with retractable tool
US3320837A (en) * 1965-10-01 1967-05-23 Edward J Alm Multiple socket wrench
US4730385A (en) * 1987-03-23 1988-03-15 Lockheed Corporation Coax connector installation tool
US5557992A (en) * 1992-04-07 1996-09-24 Proprietary Technologies, Inc. Multi-socket wrench containing dual socket wrench units
US5632056A (en) * 1996-03-18 1997-05-27 Hsiao; Chia-Yuan Bicycle tool assembly
US7252022B1 (en) * 1997-08-27 2007-08-07 Losee Jerry L Multiple shop socket tool
US6418821B1 (en) * 1997-11-28 2002-07-16 Sangadensetsukogyo Co., Ltd. Working tool
US5950508A (en) * 1998-04-22 1999-09-14 Rossi; Joseph T. Sink clip tool
US6637298B1 (en) 1999-06-10 2003-10-28 O'brien Noel John Socket for a socket wrench
US6305255B1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2001-10-23 Chih-Ming Wu Modular screwdriver with four usable wrench units of different sizes
US6705183B1 (en) 2002-10-29 2004-03-16 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corporation Multipurpose tool
US20060155321A1 (en) * 2005-01-07 2006-07-13 Bressler James E Cartridge for vascular device
US20060155320A1 (en) * 2005-01-07 2006-07-13 Bressler James E Vein filter cartridge
US7736384B2 (en) * 2005-01-07 2010-06-15 Rex Medical, L.P. Cartridge for vascular device
US7736383B2 (en) * 2005-01-07 2010-06-15 Rex Medical, L.P. Vein filter cartridge
US20120210825A1 (en) * 2009-07-08 2012-08-23 Rikenseiko Co., Ltd. Manufacturing Process of a Wheel Nut Wrench
US9533407B1 (en) 2013-05-30 2017-01-03 Gary Dean Ragner Pivotal double-ended multisockets
US20170113331A1 (en) * 2015-10-26 2017-04-27 Malco Products, Inc. 4-in-1 multiple socket driver
USD861453S1 (en) 2016-02-22 2019-10-01 Malco Products, Inc. 4-in-1 multiple socket driver
USD854966S1 (en) * 2017-10-05 2019-07-30 Tateossian Brands Limited Cufflink

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